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10_ ro r e o . 1, am l ap r, D !o e r" ,';.;ce t r19 Xy1 1n'7 .~ r ,_ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ __ _
Js ni inu ' I' f c
WINNSBORO, iV rB S. C. ;~~ Y RNN,JAtJAc 19;7.[O3
fally adjusted, and so adjusted as
tderfero as little as possible with
tA daily comfort. It is the direct
e'st of the people at large that
1 t? shall be able to buy cheaply
atevor they have to buy. Our pro.
nt 'tariff of duties on imports com
ele the many to pay high prices for
e benefit of a few. Although en
act.d4arlin tb great need of the
govornmena , it was, meiprtheless,
trained not. :the one reat end of
giving the federaITea y the larg
est income, but with the ew of favor
ing certain special priva interests.
No government has a rig t to tax ex
cept to obtain its neces revenue.
To impos. taxes upon artio&. of dai.
ly need for the mere purpos, byin.
creasing their price, of favoring the
capitalists engaged in their maanufac
ture or production is an abuse of the
taxing power. So long as laws are
enacted upon this principle, pdworful
combinations will be, forme, among
those whose special interest are to be
beneficially affeoted by them, to push
through schemes which favor their
private business, regardless of the in
6l.eta alike of the people and of the
building up of moneyed monopolies,
to tho aggregation of capital in few
hands, and to the creation and strength.
oning of an illegitimate intuence to
which Cougress becomes more and
more subject. In enforcing duties
intended to be prohibitory, an extra
ordinary and very costly body of offi
cials is made necessary, the tompta
tion to smuggling and fraud is in
creased, and official delinquency is
made common ; evils which would be
avoided, while the revenue would not
be decreased, by a return to the sim
ple duty of government and to mode
rate imposts. To nuake a just tariff
of duties the principle of favoriti m
should be abandoned altogether. If
the principle be admitted, no limit
can be placed on the abuses under
I protest against the continuance of
a financial policy which fails either to
strengthen the public credit or to di
minish the people's burdens; which
baffles bnsinesi foresight; which, while
p fl1ittjng the. sale of ,!Qvernntcnt
gold, leaves the country sub ect to all
the evils of an irredeemable paper
cuirency ; which threatens to withdraw
from the people what is now in use as
money before providing a substitute ;
which, undefined in char;cter and va
riable in action, exposes the business
of the country conataptly to the chan
ces of disastrous panics; which seeks
to exert a fluctmting control over the
gold market, instead of making steady
progress towards permanent soundness
in financial condition; which can aug
gest no method of meeting the legal
tender promises, except to get them
back from the people by a process of
contraction both painful and danger.
ens; which neglects to redeem the
legal tender notes held everywhere
among the people; yot, with the pro
ceeds of excessive taxation, purchases
at a pvemiimn bonds that the govern
ment is under no obligation to pay for
nearly fifteen years; whiola saves a
few millions annually in interest on
the bonds thus puronased, when, by
raising the eredit of the country to its
proper level, many milli.0s more
c'ould be saved by the, negotiation of
a now loan at a loweo; rate of inter
est ;; which. assumes that the rate of
inte,'est so our leads Eta be lowered
at the sole will -of the Worvower, or
that capitalist, who now hold bpnda
paying oix per cent interest in gold
#amn be p arauaded to exehange them
voluntarilly for bond, bearing, onl~y
four s'nd a half per cent ; whicl fal
iogs to devias. a permanenit inanal'
system to which the, brusiness of the
country: eould, without .undue seeri
flee,-conformj, -sbttta sesila of
6xpetituents that entaittosssei tpon
individuals, without o~patibutingito
the general good ; / whith asuggests no
rernedy for the 1luctuating value qf
the lega tendler notes,. esoeph past t~e
govey twent shall redeem . these prom
fees at a prIce fred byt itself, which
ito be-less than their faegor its oth
.ex words, repudiatq so much of its
obligations, an51which,jy failing 40
seoure the connidesdoo of the espat'al
fits of the world, ee the gdvern.
meat steurlties bolow par iti gold
ever$'whete, when, in view 'bf th4 vast
resources of/the country. they should,
jed afrmia ~.
" We are enduring gfat evils from
our irredeemable earrefloy." The
Ainancial panie which' rred lie'New
for at ine .. w asley.A
vey 1tie ,uo e ha r
whole btu'eneus oF'tkeo douttrS futo
confusion. That .pani*. wew dnot
hao .qna tpi ot r e
deuso'I ten idM w ed~ ts
current estimated eaq upon there...
rquey uf shi t~~4 no noau
of -tho heheelt a44 lee housat
ing of 3e1 , e up e
much self-denial, of0000 pa
variable value, if we 4o
___ __ st
.. ? oral latiu -
and d4-t "r'' r
Xt1 i9TES. WIii .1
Terms. Tis lr.nArn is pubtWeek
ly in the wn of Winnsbero, a.90i
veqeably i advance.
1"A% tranasient "We e
paid in adhioe.
Obituarf Notioes and TribnIti
1(ymn of the Ifobrew
-AT slia wAvdan acot
When Israel, of the Lord b
Out from tlie id' of bb
- Her fatheres God before '
S wful guide in s en ,
$y say, *long the ketun
'hT dloudy 'illar gli
By. fiht At'l' ine
loge the -o oe , -
trun' ' , ob So keen q
7,do0'14 0n er ,n, ys,
tih prios llo etwoon.
,aten Israel waniders lne .
aners would not know Thy ,.
4 Thou halt loft thern to theip n.
plesett still, though now unseo ,
en brightly shines the prosper us day,
oughts of Thee a cloudy scree
temper the deceitful ray.
*oh, when stoops on Judah's ath
shade and storm the froquen night,
hou, loig suftering, s'ow to *rath,
burning and a shining light i
harps we loft. by Babel's strtams
* tyrants' jest. the (lentil fs scorn;
Anger round our altar boar/u,
mute are timbrel, tru-np and born,
Tjion hast, said, the blood of goats,
flesh of rams, I will not prize
11rite heart, and humWe thonghtsg
g age of Governor oMmnan.
ve now, as far us it seems to ine
ary, presented to you facts and
tions connected with the condi
our own State.
especial duty 4 to promote. the
good, by laboring to secure a
rudent, honest and economical
government. Recognizing the
n0e0 of God, gntoful to Him for
i c . gefed in ir i .
e upon Him) looking to Him
dom and guidaroo, trusting
to lead us through all the dan
which beset us, let us all, in our
otive spheres, labor to secure to
rate and to the country substan
prosperity and real and enduring
e people of this State are deep
corned in a wise administration
eral affairs. As representing
I believe it to be my duty, be
closing this message, to call at
n to, and to protest against
ver in the policy of the general
ent strikes at their commer-1
agricultural interests, or is in
y prejudicial to their welfare.
t. against the revolutionary.
of Congress with reference to
eats of the constitution of the
States, by swhiob, among their
eforts at centralization, they I
* absolute control of elections
States. 'Powerees themselves
id it by direct act, and unable
are the volutary cotnsent of
ourths of tihe States, they force
sent of the Southern States as
ition to rep resentation and thust
de an~d nullify the will of oth-'
-hose propel' relations to tihe
I government hav'e never been
upted,and whom they cannot con
. I protest against, the action
th Congresa and the [President
etnited ta in subjecting the
of Georgia answ 1etuihtaty
, their, astte gqyernmowt bieing
opetatlon, ansl the reatoration
- or tetional reiOin with
ised by the federal' authorities
plote,-- ,R protest saanst the
exolus a Qf;om .representation
of liashes; any oe. be
4thei right, of I are unset
4tiWhhrmone.y of otzrgovera
TitS 'kAnF .aw.
st *get the- favoritism of
of :tbe peertd
atJO $Ioted 4t i
S af ppe' isy'ad
Rahs Th eodl.
de ahv oitd
and immediate td
9% tored yit
fostering, in its stead, a spirit of spec
ulation, the mosey which we use to de
ote the valu of what we have to
buy and sell every day, and in which
we fix the rate of wages, must be con
stant in its own value and not liable
to capricious fluctuations.
It ls a misfortune that we over do
parted from the use of the money of
the constitution. Sooner or later we
shall be obliged to go back to it. :We
have before us the alternates of re
turning to a sound condition by wise
and prudent efforts of our own, or of
awaiting the possible advent of a fi
nancial panic of greater intensity
than we have yet witnessed;and a re
turn to specie payments, at the cost of
great and protracted suffering, by the
operation of self-enforcing laws which
are above our control.
I do not believe that any contrac
tion of the legal tender ourrenoy is
necessary in order to reach specie pay-i
ments. The amount of such paper is
limited, and it is not seriously depre
ciated. We have not, as some other
countries have done, issued paper
noiey without limit and to an un
manageable extent, making the do
preciation of it so great as to render
it almost worthless and its restoration
to par hopeless. The whole sum of
the legal tender notes scarcely ex
ceeds the amount of coin received in
two years at our (Justom Houses.
The amount of legal tender notes
afloat on the let of December last was,
including fractional currency, $395,
000,000. The present annual gold
income of the Treasury from import
duties is $180,000,000. With the
abundant resources of the federal
Treasury it ought to be, and it is pos.
sible, to leave this currency at its
present quantity, and yet put it, at
no very distant period, at par, and
thus to give settled prosperity to the
people and save them the distress
which will attend contraction.
After the peace of 1815 England
returned to specie payments by con
tracting the volume of her paper
money. She had no other means of
reaching the result. She was not, as
we are a gold producing country ; and
was obliged therefore to curtail her
payer currency so as to force gold to
flow in to her froni abroad. In Con
sequence of this policy the trade and
business of her people were crippled,
general distress ensued and immense
numbers of those who lived by wages
were deprived of their proper em
ploywent and condemned to idlenees
and Want. The ten years from 81'5
to 1825 was aperiod of fearfulsuffer
ing in Euglanu and of epeate4 and
most disastrous finanoial convulsions.
We should take warning from her ex
perience. We have no ocoasiot to
force gold from abroad. We produce
it largely at home, and all we need
to do is to retain enough of our own
product to effect our purpose.
The government is as maiek bound
to pay Its legal tender notes as its
bonds. -. am for paying both in+ fPlly.
and Aga'ist the -repadiation of any
portion f either.
The l al tender notes are the pro
mises of the government to pay mon
ey-that is, gold coin--on demand.
They are in the pockets of the, labor.
er and the farmer, in the tills of the
tradesmen, in the vaults of the. banks
as~a part of and as'- security fomi the
deposit. of the peoplb,'which deposits
constitute available eapital essential,
to d1airy busfness.
*The federal Treasury, in the hotfr
of -ite - need, forced thAs irredleend
'able papeor on the pei)ey - It isla mit,
ter of simple diity, no'wyin 'the' tiee
ef as abundant 'resoures,'to-todeeam
iti 7his paper, displaced the coin
which 'ras before I6 user '% basi.
nesse of the country hhas edipted Itself
to the existing quantity of our. 996
out lawful money, and the people r'edy
upon thislegal tdnder paped! -wIbre,
withto paytll' 'ordinary. debts; -It-is
the substance' too, In' whinb ,bahk
notes are redeemned and ii.whblell.4
that vast aggregate of indebtednet.
known ae- bank deposits -sspsyabl...~
0n this paper,.- therefore;' the: whole
structure of' eur internal business aow
retas :and up~op its soundness isn des
pendent the substa'ntlal pro perity. of
of the people. It is ad faikh to' the
people to lessen its quatity dr-bo'take
from it'itu ea dte ultdtl
a is paid. ~tolrqaiy~nl
' THE *0NtRlAoToN:THRgORy.
When01 oooti cpied the ahhid'place
In our alnny systefi which Is now
beld by the legit temld69 Mah3uyge
rious withdrawal, from whatever cause
of the gold theil In use from' the' gene
ral olroulMtIon-invariablij'prodeoedi Se
nanoial troubles .The theory of those
*h~o advoostb couttibtron , is that o
doon as the leagal', tefJedi nuos: 'shall
hai6 bee. reduced' to $25D.000900e
sothe. ohthe hottikd4ns.thod g~s.
erpm6*H1 befabte bo'mmk tiee
ded~iqulitityde *dbeinale-a. ten' ot
ads e the ndbes ta*' wkh gead..
Ef lt w~lbefiossblyter asthe 1.sset
quhti at asby:akbmedeemAl
meeert, the.'predent "umatty'da*
be made redeemnabltr 'mad put at par;
The federal government Tent
seatore oIn to, the laos to#g
oocupied idtheibubiness oPbo oo.n1
try, andfromwb hioh' tba reaeuay for -
its or ovovie pOo Pgeit t
shoul be ra to suD te on in
the ge otrel eiroultioq before it' an.
dertakes =td Withddraw I"6egl tnd'er I
notes; othdrwise thei*Jt kdr~ial'of
the paper eiourts to an 4solute de. I
str~otjoq '4fqo. min a s o)~
lawful mone andJ practc , 0
imih4'lif the padp ' ..jskp1 in o
forme ofI'teidf t bf6yi) .4fohP n*i(h l
ho pre?0iaf .o.pay .!fe snt l~a k l
debt d less asrotqI ' Jo p~d fifIj~
ind inder diastroh a iojia, b &
'Pdb kiddb "of ?
value' will no$ i o -few i
Thongoveramente :theotfore,o. n -oBfQ
nagke polu take .t es g du .* -
otroulsties of any, gpo qRtig
whioh may be with rg n untl thA
notes ,saM Chit- rbdad 1 &
lent. to coin'.' Thir oft obt? f, 6d#4
bymaking them .rede6mable,'in /coin I
oq demand. And i pnusthp borne iu t
mind that this is all that' iseg ry
to be dono to ,tore gone'al 'specie c
p.ymente. :o! mm , oiat a t
state of suspioion ; they rp ets Aheir I
notes aid pay thetr otl.r ebts in
lhwful money of the oonlitr if that y
lawful money wore td'day . e uivalont i
to coin, they would. flod; greinselves d
and all their custumera pzang.spcoio j
without any effort on their part and t
without any distrots. it i the go" 11
ernment, and the g1otied nt '61
which has suspended- jyaent';the r
legal tender notes alorie. w hbh-:h area ir.
redeemable. WVhen the , r o
ury is ready to redees legal tin. o
der pronuises in gold, d Lti a the a
public are likely' to rent them, o
specie payments are) thereb 'redumed n
all over the; cowatry, with further t
effort on the part of any ;one and t
wiiout inconvenience to tie people. y
Then, and not ndw, will b the pro- u
per time for taking in the per ;- for I
such contraction can do no mischief. t
It will in fact - he no traction. "p
The Treasury, may then. Ca ol every r
note so soorr as rt is paid for god
and the notes beig at par th4 :41 a
paid out of the Treasury ill ehtt.r
into the general circulition i pltef
tion of abe stook ofav 1TT
use will be forced on the p 1e.
The essential evil of o present a
lawful money is to be foun not In its a
quantity but in the fact hat it is i
not redeemable ; it isqfor t t reason i
depreciated. A ;lgss qua ty would b
as certainly be~ d proeeate if that b
less quantity '-continued' t be irre. a
deemablo. 10ven as asisug note, is- ti
sued by the g'vernneent, by- sy g
other debtor, without rovi na ing4e u
for its payment, wpul bpo 4 ( pe
olated. The rcmedfabw i w'sd on,.
suggestsis'to hike thenot tedeema
ble, without pausing to iaousate *
question of how much- mon tbe.peol .
pie ought to have in ruse. ,94oi;g
back. we see that wh p our "coy Ro
good in 9#114 * probe gwe a
felt thotiton mueh' of t *o 'be u'b..
The governmet :'passed Irough its p
mint all the geldsthe peo .obose-to r
have ooined,. Political 9onoigtt u
and stptea-n may speoula ., . tey
'do, as to how mue money ' ee
ry and -$kpei for-the bu aees of a
ceitryy bin: tbisde-s : ton be. ..
ment~ will tage pyso tha tbu po1Qey it
issues itgoiod, the poo o al regw.1
late. the9'udheuny~ to be ~e by their
Lb is tbeapevIal duty of am4dersrit
freasury, win of wbrkes al.edep I
et on ition,~ gt 't at t rasI~
is a aspgup oA rg ed ia
the country ~o as to ma ry nsl~
'Elon frobi oil 6eenfolhr %,iro''
both etaig ksdi pettitt & o
.obslousa tha, Mbsiuppl. 11$ go!
timo do0silto 'fO promp yot
that Tteaiuryn .ntw r olfoalA?
tion in ey begg i pao gg gqw
ed. $%Y. : .
to Mikblt e'o4 lis oii ?ft<r u tabSPh
goo e god. g o tabl ie~
its osoi o5.'t),wa oSioud ,)gfy
peg4hiA4($ $ l1Gsb
. e~sa~ delusio A sp. th
thIn o tn dite orally ap 1h
ideo the rate of interest on our loanti
by only one per cent we shotild there.
by effect at once . esving of over .20,.
QO,O a year for the wble tiue tbe
iebt my run. "Moreover, this pay,
vent of tho bonds before maturity can
fe made only out of surplus revenue
hat is to soy,.by keeping pp taxation
A a poipt far beyond the aoeual ueods
>f the gover:Ament.
, e must not forget tht finanoil
awe'o a~self-created out of the 'oir,
fumstances -existing at the perlo'd,
Ihey eannot bb constrained by' legisp
aai9n. -WO. shall be mpost .likely to
void trouble by-seoking the natural
olution of our present dificulty'
hi nmatiil so!l6tion is, ab it seenm
6 ine, that - the power which issued
he irrededmablo, paper, under which
o. g suffer,, alould get ready to re
,po NMaNT GOLD BA .s.
Bpgsmedio sales of gold from the
Treasury impart no additional worth to
he legal tender notes. Confdepee in
,bility to meet obligations Is tIze
nly source of soild credit as well for
he Treasury as for others d btors,
dereasing public confidence in the
towing ability of the Treasury to
meet the notes in coin would operate
ot merely to affect, from day to
ay, as those sales do, the speculative
rice of gold, but towards the recogni.
ion of a greater intrintic value in the
gal tender note, and so to make the
,opsible range of gold speculation nar
It is obvious that sales of go)d out
f the' Tt asury ddaunot have the afoct
f bringing legal tender notes actually
od pornianently nearer to the value
f gold'; for it would be absurd to
aintain that the Treasury, any more
ban any other debtor, can, by par
ing with coin, make its promises to
ay coin more valubale. The Treas
ry saleh of gold have simply the of
cot' which is always produced by
browing upon any market a supply of
u article for which there is, in that
marker, limited demand. All debts,
rith 'rare exceptions, being now pay.
ble in legal th4dor notes, the' need
if gdld for uke lii'bns3eeas is not gen.
sal, and therefore the denmand'forvt
s confined o a few ,ad:is avery ,Ian.
Qd ie., 4sf: A teiles so tasaned-w
ery temporar and saill over supply
isy depeoss it much below its true
nd correct value as compared with
gal tender notes, which depeuds
L viously on the prospect of the notes
Ding pa d in coin. Derangement of
psideas is as certain to follow thq
rtifdial depression of gold below this
'no value us its elevation above it.
uoh a. depression cannot be relied
ppp lasting ; nor does it a ford any
parg9.ce. pga pat, great subsequent
uotiationi. . Thede Treasury sales,
bile they do 6t "Orone permauient.
Ithestaine of'the 'governtheut paper,
onfoun d the mpat , prudent caloula
Sons businesils spon.
. must not 'e und'erstood as favor.
f any nipens'ion' of the legal tender
urreney . The government cannot at
resent pay the n'tes of this kind al,
oudy ised, It would, be, wterly
pyq.bp. to put out any more of
The federal Treasury is not warran
nd ity taxing the paobieto sep: up its
usaO enr t.uerp of revenues.
fhegh ptrg danbo kqpt in asprose
erous conldition 'every, year of Its
r *th wil make the aynnt of the
u'noipel of' tie 1&'6bta corne easier. A
moderate surphus beyond 'the intersa6
IQ4a * ad &hesexpensecs of gov.
gm~ent is all 4t ~tI desirable or
~,e~~toen4tit t9 '6(devote itself
y afnki gitlpesI menoey' good;.
.'SKaliPTOto 5'4PEi MtONK!.o
nnet .eps~p see that the
i1 lon n 'i-th thpeo
endastnot..mil[.oommenose. ,hI will
reVyJ E 1athe olh sundo
uabial ftafaableepogoy prepas
ereere63 epf da oteeiu thf
epagieke sm dicate yvboow. ti
Islebawstib. sImibplyr ebif4dsw.
nraesta questla. which' praei
It needs no groat financial wisdom tc
see that the way to high credit is foir
the Treasury to prepare itself to pay
all its debts, as well its legal tender
promises as its bonds.; that high
credit is the condition precedent to a
lower rate of interest on government
loamn, that lowering the rate of inter
oet on the loans will afford great
relief to the people; and that no relief
either to Treasury or people can be
expocted from what tends to derange.
ment or stagnation in the business of
EARLY RETURN To SPF~ciE PAYMENTS
The earliest practicable return to
the hard money of the constitution is,
therefore, desirable, as being, in every
way, for the interest of the people ;
but this return should be made wisely,
by a process which will not cost need.
less suffering under a declared and
fixed policy, intelligible to the whole
country, and which will insure that
the change, when it comes, shall be
rmanent. A rash attempt would,
yIts failuro,mako our condition worse
than it is now. But no; time should
be lost in adopting measures which
shall lead by prudent steps to the at
tainment, at no very distant day,
of a result to which sooner or later we
If the federal government does not
try to accomplish an earlier return to
thq use of gold and silver, without
spreading ruin among the peopio, it
fails in its duty ; if with its abundant
revenue it cannot devise a method of
doing so, it fails in wisdom.
JOHN T. HOFFMAN.
PILr.SDURY AND HIs COUNCIL Door
ED.-Cl.UMHIA, January 7.-In the
House to-day, DeLarge gave notice of
a bill-which, by unanimous consent,
received its first reading-to extend
the limits of the City of Charleston,
and to provide for the election of mu
nicipal officers therein. The bill pro
poses to extend the city limits to- the
Six-mile house and to Goose (rook
Parish lino,. which, it is calculated,
will bring in a large majority of Re
pu4ienua voters. It also provides for
* ita huuteaid w'hen the general else.
Qt rours.nat eber. It is al.
era of the bill is to get rid of the
present Mayor and Aldermen. They
urge that by a change they may get
bettor officials, but cannot get worse.
The bill will pass with hardly a dis
senting vote, and. will receive its sec
ond reading to-morrow.
ThQ members of the Legislature
express uniqualiied diivp proval of the
new license bill passe,' by Council.
They say that it is unrepublican in
spirit, placing a monopoly in the
hands of the rich beoaue the poor
cannot'afford to take out liconses. 1t
is further objiected, that lawyers liv
ing'out of-Charleston can go there to
practicea nd pay no tax, while those
who live there have to pay it. But
tho oiiiof cause of disgust with Qoun
cil is because it refused to allow col
ored peope equal rights at places of
amusement and elsewhere.- Corres
pondens 'harleston News.
IIANDLiNGNFV.W Yoh.-Tho Wash
ington eqrrespondent of the New York
7hiseb sas :. . Ad vices received here
from Ohio are to the effect that the
chances dte in favor of the ratifica
tion of the ffeenth amendment.. The
8Senate wilt certainly agree to it, and
it is now believed that the House will
do the satno. The action of the Now
YorkJefaare oreates Little som.
mont heaMaai it war generally antioi..
pated.' It isLconhidered wholly void,
,as It~a isp4 bat the Logiolaturo has
no .iurisd iotlon'oter the iubjoot, ox.
copt in obedidoe to the Constitution
and the lawtof the United 8tates.
To prevant oouifusion fronm such pro.
eeedings jn t aefqturo, Congress will,
on re-atsemib1 , pass 8enator Wil
lism' b l1,tegpr sly .declaring suet
aotidn of the aitof State Legisla.
dttpsasalltand"'old. That wrill settle
the 8ase wibhNew Yorkevery deoided.
* uPi: basa Anve Aas Conwo.
W.a had Ahejleasu e yesterday ea
.- .i~ f. 'ufrgW ann, th<
4e~n of the. N~wberry Immutgration
nose . lie is just from New York
laVIi sr~ived in'tb. Mianhauften, so
bo'mpb tod by fty-three Gesrmau im
so w'astrt; ilihttfihess' have gon4
49, ghemii49, e o amnden,.an
th~eanert ver and Lau
MdM.', P. hasr brought on 2n
*withi-tle-last sinuareeks,. and expecta
Jgo1three to fostr ,lusdred more is
twp . ml9tglI ,kgd wo asn
1 m~an come a welopmie., W
1% WdU~ 4 see tdissands of thon's
Thb Ib9tko' foe th~,;ntd thard 1
work for thaem.--Chieleston C)ourier.
dat.,insefe 4 from. 1861 t
a ANdw n *E
u s'i known 11beseo 4
A YANK- u T.tc.--Ono of our pe
culiar, shb-sided gaunt Yaukee late
ly emigrated and settled down in the
West, He was the picture of a menu
man, but as he put. him 'elf to work ins
good earnest to got h's house to rights,
the neighbors lent 1.}m a hand. Af
ter he had got everything fixed to his
notion, a thought struck him that ho
had no chickens, and he was piowerfully
fond of sucking raw eggs. Ile wai
too honest to steal them, and too
mean to buy them. At last a thougit
struek him -lie could borrow. Ho
wet t to a neighbor and thus accosted
"WaT1l, I reckon you hasn't no old
hen nor nothin' you'd lend me a few
weeks, have you neighbor?"
"I will loud you one with plens
ure," replied the gentleman, picking
out the very finest in the- coop.
The Yankee took the hen home,
and then went to another neighbor
and borrowed a dozen eggs. He then
set the hen, and in due course of time
she hatched out a dozen chickens.
The Yankee was again puzzled.
lie could return the hen but how was
he to return the eggs ? Another idea
- and who over saw a live Yankno
without one ?--lho would keep the
hon until she had laid a dozen eggs.
This lie did, and then returned the
hen and eggs to their respective own
ers, remarking, as he did so, "Wal, I
reokon I've got as line a dozen of
ehiokens as you ever laid your eyes
on, and they didn't cost we a cent,
'HEr Cor.onr.n ExoDi's FROM Vin
iNIA.-E-U mgnmauder Matthew F.
Maury ha- published'a letter in the
Virginia papers on t1. departure of
colored persons from the State. II
offers the following caloulations :
"The public pross states that there
are now in Virginia two agents, onu
calling for 5,000 the other for 15,000.
able-bodied negroes to go South.
Lot us supposo that there twenty thou
sand able-bodied men go-and proba
bly a larger number in the oggregate
than that will go, for there are
undoubtedly numerous agen'.s at work
sending them off.
"The life-long services of an able
war, valued at from $1000 to $1400
let us call it $1000. With the exodus
of these twenty thousand laborers the
State loses $20,000,o00 of its indus
trial capital. Before the war such an
exodus would have left $20,u00,000
in its stead. Now the loss is total and
tompleto. Nothing is left but the
old, the feeble' and infirm, who woro
dependent upon these nble.bodied
men, and whom those who remain
have to care for.
"Yes, they left, something more be
hind ; they left the lands they have
been cultivating to be turned out in
to old fields;: to become waste, and
grow with pine, briers and scrub, and
thus, by increasing the area of uncul
tivated lands, dimuinish the market
able value of real estate in Virginia."
YANKEnI IN A CliAnii.ESTON 00UT..
One of our "dead head" subscribers,
who happened to be over ins Charles
ton the other day, tells the following .
A fellow represeuting a Boston
bucket factory came ashore from a
stenamer, carrying about a dozen di
minntivo specimens of his merchiandize,.
und taking up the flest street he camne
,to, offered them right anid left. He
had not progressed far before a negro
policeman arrestedl mnd carried hIm
befr aoal-black justice, charged
with poddling without license. 'T'he
sable magistrate not only fmneg himi
the cool sum of $100, but rovndly
lectured the man of buckets upon his.
oonduct. lHe p aid the flhe and loft
the '-cour t" and city in thorough dis
.O the same day another drummer'
from New York was arraigned before
his sable honor for the same offense..
The rumnmer insisted that ho had!
soad nothing, orzly. being offering, but
had ado no soles. Whereupon tho
Iblack dignmitary told him to prov6 that,.
but while hunting up his proof ho
must leave $50 by way of bail. The.
daummer handed over the money,.
went out and brought in three or four
merchantm, who stated that ho had.
:sold nothi,.g to the~m. After the wit
nesses got hrough, the fellowing deci
sion was delivered :
"Dia Courb hab heard do prefixes:
and do conelniion to. die once, and do
oldes dast do Ya~skee hab left the oauae
ini doubt;.and It bein de law to gib
do State do benefit of de doubt, die
court will keep do fifty dollars.'"
Those are facts.--Maon Tlegraup.
I rily next week Congress wtll bo
onclled oni to not directly on the ques
tion of the annemittion of territory ini
the went .ad i1.*. The Presidenmt'
niossegs on the .ulJeet will rofer ii t
Sonly td the Semana piirohasu, and e'
nlexitid toi the Unilted' State, m's a
r tdrritorg,.' of the whole Domiicmsn.
Repuho.Thui message is the ro nit
if99 witi th Prean4lately.
';he yomaeg. )adie4 1 h Rotllester
w hieh they refer to tnr Ia'arkattf d