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ortes Wilhams & Co., Prppritors.] A Family Paper, Devote4 to$ enler4ce, At nquiry, Industry and Literature [Terms.-3 0por Anmun In Advana
VOL. m.] WINNSBORO, S. C, WEDNESDAY MORNINGFEBRUARY23,1870 [N0, 36
Is i'Uti8n111 wlmrKL.Y ItY
DESPORTES. WILLIAMS & C0
7'rm!-T ii HERALD n i publishedi Week
ly in th Town of Winnsboro, at 93.00 in.
eareably in advance.
All transient advertisements to be
Obituary Notices and Tributes $1.00 peor
The Years GoLy.
A child sleeps under a roso bish fiair
Tho hidi .iwell 'ut in hte soft .Mfay air;
Sweetly it reats' tili oi dream whiags flies
To play with the anagelk itt Paradise,
And the yoais go by.
A ma ton amindi by 'he rose bush fair;
Theilewy blossotne perfume the al-;
Shoe presies her hatd to her throbbing
With lote's wonderful rapture blest.
And the years go by.
Another kneels by the rose bush fair;
Soft sigh the-leaves in the evening air;
Sorrowing thoughts of the past arise,
Anid tckra of anguish bedim her eyes.
And the years go by.
Naked and lone stands the rose bush fair;
Whirledi are its leaves in I iho autuntn air ;
Witiered gnd deid, .they fall to the ground,
And silently cover a new made mound.
AnAa the years go by.
The South Carolina Exilroad Oompany.
In our issue of Wednesday we pub
lished the pr<.oedinga of a Commit
tee of the . Senate on . tho matters of
the freight charges of the South Caro
lina "Railroad, between Camden and
Kingsvillo. These proc edin s were
based upon a' compl-afiC Inade by a
merohant of .tho fort..or place. The
South Qarolina lallros Company is
the pioporty of a-latge num br of
our citizens, who are poor; many have
saved but little else from the wrook of
the war. It ia i t portant to. them that
the %a'u3 of thela property
should not b6 unfavatably affected by
representations ivt,corregti.u point of
fact, or of.facts gredtlyt'qxRgggrated
and distqrted, to gratify personal feel.
ing, or to promote self6h ends. We
know those who have been entrusted
with the manngement of this property.
Wea know, also, what Ioborr and diffi
culties they have had 'to encounter in
providing for the public a highway,
and aocoimodatious not inferrior to
those onjo-ed in any section o. the
Southern oon try. * We -know further I
that it is claimed, and we believe,
justly, that their rates of freight and
pasange are to-day lower thin any in
the State or near it. Still we hear
this clamor kept up, and its continu
ance forces us to coaelude th.,t there
is soathiting, more in it - than appoars
on the miurfae. To'do justice, there
furo, to all parties, we 'sought out
itnformation from those whom we re
garded authorized abd able to furnish
it. and iseertain the facts of this case
to be simply thoso: That the parties
who complain in this case have never
appronoid'tho'Dirootors of the COi
pany with any statoment of their
grevances; that the South Carolina
I tijroad Company has rno quchl charg.
es per 100 1ouuds upon any of its
freight tarifA nas are stated in the
reports; that its charges for freight
from Camaiden to Kingaville %re precise
ly the" emo, as they arj fo:r slniilar
distances fruom Charleston, from Ce=
Jumina, or from.Auagusta,.
Now we conffers, with these state
mnerts befdrme us, 'w' are at -a loss to
comprehen4 ther neoessity of .the pro.
oeeding to which we are refering.
The Ralioad Committee has o lently
not sent for persons and .papers.
Buat we hear still more. It will be
bornie a~ naind,'that the burden of the
comnplaint ise~tuis'Lno4SQe4b. Carolina
Rlailroad does Dot work thirty-eight
mites'o 'tIts -line' In connection with
the Wilmington and Manchester, and.
Wilmington andI Weldon Railrond;.
and 'the railroads leading throingh
Wilmington to Baltimore, 'whioliea
competin# lino, go ,as to degtroy the
trade of' its own' lie to Chiarleston
the interests of the city of' Charldstonb
money to establish4 fer the very pur
pose of giving Camden and all other
salnd iiaarotite Ndfth .over tet
own line and thyou it their osans
New vha. Me the t.iry joQtops
railroads pjing1 tor whoam dhia rido.
ous policy is invoked -pursuing the
vfidentloal pr~otie whidfft doliS
rated forms of the ,Qaoug Qarola.
tatidepioe af f Stg Is oi thed.l
miloesn' nn Maoese RVEd roa
honihmt resue on 9s
enoodik dilesna it sfomth.
place' ea el1nt.gls
eNor irs the ralod mobise #I h
road,1 and weibti, any onna hi.
to be a low tariff of obarges, througii
As compared with the South Carolin
R-tilroad's local taniIT; their effort is t(
divert q business which does not belon
to then, and to do so, temporarilI
etabish a very low riat-i of Freight, fm
that whi:h comes fron ti e Soutl
Carolina Railroad and the city of Char
leston. What are their local chinrges '
Place thoe in-comparison with snmila
ebarges in tho South Carolinia Itiailroad
before forming a too lasty coielusion
ILt are wo exp cted to mianage ou
institution hi Ot interest of competing
Iigwa of railr,;d4o anot diatam. ctoimnitini
ties ? 'Have' the tt ek--holders of th<
South Oarolina Railroad expended vas
t u us -of money to coistruct o long lim
of railway meroly for tihe purpos- of
dostroving four fiftlis of it ? HiLs the
city ot l'arleston and the Stato con
tribute, their best mindi lnd thei
larg means -to cohstruct a system of
internal improvemnent at, opee to de
velope the wealth of the interior and
establish .ark infuentiral sesort. for
thieelve, andA have their e ffts turn1
to nough t, and their work a curse, not a
blessing ? We imagine not I
I'd such result Would autely follou
the policy indicated .in the complants
bqforc the Lcyislature.-Charleston Cou
Edwin K. Stanton.
The New York Democrat makes tho
follobing startling statement :
Thriotibe -robust man vent to his
own death, though the partieulaks of
his demise areas yet not fully public,
enough i known to prQo .that in a dt
of terror, when he trembled like a
leaf shaken by the storm at the ghost
of the murdered *onan, who stood
before his vision, he out his thi6at,
and died to osospq his great dread.
For years b has lived the life of. A
Donsciono0-strioken wretoh. We 'per
son,lly know that he haa told a gen
bleman in this city-a gentlerati high
in judicial position, and who is knowdl
is the eoul of truth and honqr,-,that
sine the murder of Mrs. Suratt he,
Stanton, had not known one hour of
Said he, when speaking of thi
[U&+ :,ug;I e, II i m i r m nat
roman was murdered to appeae. the
trrath of a party I An4 I: was. the
yoward that truok the blow for those
ivho demanded this woman. But I
iave suffered-O God I how, I have
suffered-how I do suffer. Every
1wr of the day I soe her and her
ilnnocent face. Every night I see her
on thesoaffold-swiuiing in the air
bound--struggling-dy ing I
"rery night of my life I stand
rao to. face with. her-I hear her
daughter's prayers fgr juatioe-I see
her in her so'ina-I see the Court
hich 0 sntencd ber dancing. like do
vils in hell and saying to me*:
" "ou I YOU /. You , MO.' IT I You,
EdwiA- M. Stnt n.r-Hlwio Murderer
stanton-oempel e4 us to murder you:
victin, pnd we will'tmurder you '"
Those who knew him from the mur
der of Mrs. Stirrat till the day of him
death Anow how he suffered. He
would waken fron sleep and ety chi
like a child for aoute one to
"Take her-0 1 take her away I"
"And in Hell, being in tormeo,.h
opened his eyes," &o.
corre potzdept ef' the IRoton Jouir,,a
joyhiMselflsn a rtationat .way.s He .i
quite.a soosible, youqg, nuap, . puts p.:
no *irs,. and ha. sp for espwpe~ th<
reportorial intrylews. RExeptte
Royal Alfred,. as he is called, Arthhi
has more practical pe - %g li
of the other eops dt tbo d'eern. Th'
daaghters haee the tblbasc othe faml
ly. The -Prhuwes. Royal. of Jiussh
--.4 very $ain woss.s-bas n a'1ei
talent. She. ~is ~n aimiyale loup~
keeoper, aig . Inberits ler wwth
talenti dedrfoiiy. F~i'ad 'a 'diiet
side Ie the Q'u.'ets qoaee'raIte Wib
sor~stemb*euhese~ setof etartains
would do with meading ,pptjxezig
son. The deqidion was in tavor o
snending. 14'41i14 eaotb havehbiE
~~9q is a e9 sltpor and pInter
,e love for te poo mae the
siost opftlar wdfd~i ' t.2 Th<
Prn hssAlee who biahartts asxob o
her farther'ef~o O se and . bopw.
1dM of'Priode Atbx d tt ojb1
p atura and tra soQsgoishmabru
bave made a a.to a
senS ia oa d hsid
tb la b as
uttl 'politica l dsabilitie b
[From the Banner of the South.)
-0. Libertr can inan resign thee,
Once having foIL thy genorous dame;
Can diingeolts' holts, and bars confine thee,
Or whips they noble epiriI tame V"
It may be that our people have aur
feited of Liberty. It may be that
Republibanisn is not adapted to ex.
tended territories and large popula.
tivos. It 'in 'y be ilitt Freedoti canl.
not exist without Virtue. It may be
all those reasons combined. But be
what it may, it seems to be true, that
notwth %*Lie th?":y_.11:1ignh
United States have "folt tife generous
flam"0 of "Liberty," they are pro
paring to "resign" that .recious booi'
without a struggle, and sorrod ',th
out a protest. Wo have ally id -ur
younger dayb, loved. to lingur over the
gsarhbishl ild, of the herolo 'deed
of Rome's lep'ublic, of Hofer,: of
Tell, of our'wn beloved Washington.
We have felj all the indlgbatton of
our nature iroused at the recital of
the acta of Nero, ;f Dyonislus, and of
Oalignla. We have arisen from the
perusal .of the histories of Libterty's
struggles against Tyranny, and thank.
ed God that we lived in a land, where
Freedotm seen ed a natural' growth,
and .Tyrasny could bever, flourish.
With heartfelt pride, we havelooked
up 'toethd old flag"'?as the emble 'of
all that wasgood and grand in politi
9*1 govergpg. Its "broad stripes
and bright" ttra, ', tIenta .it un
speagabl . beauty to patrictio eynq.
And, proudti of Eirth's' titlet;
was deemed to be "an Ameian citi
xen." But all this. ba past; and the
gIry of otir 6o'oatry bmas dipeted.
The sceptre of Israel J!p passed into
alien hands., The soil has become
choked with weeds of noxious growth.
'-The old flag," no longer the emblem
of frecdonm, but "a flaunting lie,"
seems but to proteot Tyranny and
villainy ia their evil machinations.
The "beacon light" has gone out and
left us in thedarkness of oppression;
and "the old ship of State," dashed
about up60 the breakers of Radical
ism, threatens instantly to go to piec
And d- idstallth' tnrnmifVl
and treatonwg danger, io people
stand unmoved, unmindful of the evil
;which is portending for them. Day
after day Despotism moves on, slowly
but surely, treading down, one after
another, the liberties and the institu
tions of the country, blotting out the
landmarks of the Constitution, and
sEtting up Its crown in every State to
be respected, obeyed, yea worshipped,
by the blind apathotio fools, who can
see no dauger in the instant mutter
ings of thunder or the vivid lightning
flashes which illumine the' Politioal
sky and betokon.the coming storm.
Oh, that wp had the power to waken
them' frodi their dreadful l4thaigy.
We would thunder it in "their ears,.
that American Republicanism is well
nigh gone, and Imperialism will soon
assume its place.
President Grant btit awaits the
favorable moment to *trike the blow
and declare himself Diotstor of this
broad land. That'ioment approach
es. And some gloomy day the people
of the United States will awake to
God themselves bound, hand and foot,
with the Tyrant's shackles) and . the
chair whaieh once held a Washingtdn,
a Jefferson, a Madison,' and an Adams,
!'draged with the omblemas of royalf,.
and holding wilthjnit Jttrms the form,
of ga. j1inporor. Ve' wish that we
coult.thunder it in~ the ,ears of the
people. We should say to them,
"Awake, airouse, or be forever fallen 1"
En Rtodura o Cumt.-'The viotory
whioh rece'ntly, oro*%iod, 'the Cuban
aitti.hed .the' effet 'ottei~angooe
more the 'leral .mon jp ongresA.
Conring froto se responsible a source
I a.8hntinen, the -resolatibnIntroduo'ed
inteo~ Sb enate tb-diy 'wae )nw*e thtun
a'bnere ionjbe 4w.sdily t-4.
I or Md to ey -petty po lto ans. The
-esolutioni was refes d to the Foreign
oon make a repor Mi. elbrman will
ha safter the'n with -a barpetiek.
Adeordibg to 8uneer this Ouba.ques,.
in-bas bee, nd~r consideraition- 4n
oorgo iatOe, fir. Sh'er~s remned
ithe 8sasate of a fact, whih $bey qers
Stainly. had -ignored, that. the osatry
ise .head bef, Coagress on this limpor'
t tetat -quetion.. The objdE* of thes
i ,eolotiouen.4,u- eoog~iW6 ? tt44 '%f
Isn~ a.peen .Mpd X7Ii
Vt to p~reveat. a eonbaonues,*fo
aratsa urbi~h have been praetlsd
ytbhs new trin to sup1oE the
b iiestes heis M
600 Bushole of Iish Pdtatoo. nor Ac r,
Two Years in Sticequmion.
Editors Cairvlheia Pariner :-in ihe
grai growing sectiop of N. C. (he
season1 has beeni pro ably the Infi..
d isstrots on record., . W heat wIias
good, but the area sowp was s lI. rhis
crop having faild for S - iverl Iuxssi
years pat. Oats were cuit shori b, th.
drouiglt.. Turnips faile.d nuerlb; and
corn, which our farmers innii. 11uponl
culthvatimg at sich a terrible C ost io
mnnI 0, li o alni I-i id, i4 aoiuos anl e i
filur'., Unidir these tircuni na1cc's it
bucones :tiin sfrnier tuWeAst: tbmoil. him
for something wherewif i . to suitpple, C
menlt his short sipplv . of gri-ain.
And nathinig isa sombkel-tIly to ilee
'his reqtireinmits its tho Irish poir'
Ii) '67 and iin '08:1 ndidi of this ere
thie rllW ruf 500 -birshels..plbr aere -d
found it equal pei bushlO,i .when V- .b
to abovt half bushel of otrn for hogs. t
I plAited about the middle of Novem. I
bee.. The ground Was ''an old broom
-straw-fieid. It was :th'*0oghly plowed 0
--nt suibsoiltd-and rilh-ofat. abota (
21 feet with a two horse plow twice in V
the same furrow. Tho potatoes wer '
dropped 10 to 12 ihchoawdilart in lie '
hottom of the furrow, ik Iho furrow
Was pretty nearly filledi -with tineom
posted manure from -thr-ihorse stable,
cow stable and hog petnu-tlbe different C
kinds of man'ire making but little dif. O
fereno in the yield. ;,he. covering
was done with a two horsA inouldboard a
furrow on each side, wl.ich p-it the po.
tatoes some 10 inches mntler the ground. t
I tried largo potatoes wirdle, large pota.
toes cut, and small potritoes, with no
apparent dilTerence in thi resuli.. The e
potatoes were worked -tico with hoe
and plow, onico soon afte.thev came up
-and again about the' uime tubering
began. They were dng bdfoie cthe Iid .
die of July, and yilded tit the rint of
500 bushels per acre '67. I niv add L
that Col. Bingham was equally slicees-:
ful in '67 and '68. Th is. yearthe crop V
was a failure from lIte frdst id ealy 1
drought. In '67 1 tried the v.ry sa me
plan with a patch planted in March 0
and the yield was less.
'T'ha watchful Washiinsxion correspon.
Those who underrat 1the1 1iW ilieP
of the movoment of Mr. Da Aves must be
oblivious of the fact that the cohesive
power of public phinder is the only
ligament that now binds the Radical
party together. Ben iluler came to
the relief of the administrali n. It is
known that 11 never acts witihimt :an
ohjcti lie has had s.veral jobs uiNlth
gigaitic prospe tive Ies3. .lr. Ib);i z.
has had his eye upon hlim. It iS a
great point gliled to have a watch dog, g
at the pr->per point, competent to sii Ii
out Bail ready to expose wholesali
d epredations upon the trensiry. The ,
administration is ut-irlh powerlesi ex- I
cept thvough the corrmit infence which
A144 pubilic liollv o l pitilylSe. ut
er's defence of Grai.t ind 'Uoi-well
was kgnown to be referabhl to the 01in mi
he iis been pr'isec'cutring before the
treasury. Mr. Dawes Ias ftieelally
frightened the o.icial, and hley dare not (
succumb to the demands of their cham
pion. A pet 'iclain" of his has jut
be mn i ejected by the t reasury in obe
dience to an opiiion of At to siey.Get.
e al Hoar. BItler mVqd!dy ries Id
t to Secretary of thie Triasurv to have
turned ove~r to him, as chairman of a j
bognts concern Callehid '1The B oard of
Directors of theg National Asylum 'e
for Disabled Soldiersi and Sailrs," the'
bounty forfeited by deserters. durifig the
wvar, .amoannting to the e'normous9 sui b o:
four millionasof dollars I Of coi'sie thisI
,nloney waus due to no one. Whant. Mr.
Butlier'is share - n t his nelaigous tronac.
ton .womptd have been-, houl lie succeed'
ed, no; man can ;,elt It is e'nough t int,
thbp .bol.I suet~aty 4.egi~nid by .t ng prgsent.
"Chanlceller of tii h ~e hiequier,".taipped.
the thing in the budii, anid has lost; tho I
governmieTt anuthber of i.y rioi talented
advocatos., For no one fauihar with.
thu procivities of the doiughiiy .Mas
~A'chusett's '~ral would for a mmu
sei oselti haihe will ever again be f'onfll
##enitin"M initraionthat refutsna
:sik dne'for at eve cause,.3
hva'Edewn ibe white feather upon an il
Irripoffat ftlaiameaisiure, of the most
vital consequence to their h-trd, and lie
maitherefore, he.reafter beo claised
with B~outwelf's most bituer opponottslP
No wontler Honr, was rejee'ed,
Tiut D~ute.r.a I:N o~twrM
Bt~ooinr.'.s ENx(0UINT1~1t. --We are itt.
fortsed that parties in ColumbiA hind
mnadesarratnjgemenuts on Sat irday moni
ingsto settle their lhttle difltiies by a
.veborr.to the-daig c. D foth pnirtius war*
pqR tife gi~und, 7when a dangreeen
'eressabetweq~t tone ofthe pracipuk 90
.Iraj.- Wuu vh
and hpep torally declined, and
Iak1'. a h e vt o a buadrB4
W rt-cr Fo AN MrWPT POINT.
rmn n\\ bit temcr is aecousod
>f Solling a Welst P.%int ek,41CtShaip for
I 0 hui.dre do:!ar~ t>i and the0lir ni.eber
ft theo cottanittcu wilivh inivret igated
be chaiga ' t.lk of exIii ' the
n pudent ad 'nrilirer frou hlis seat in
ongres, if the charge be sisauhied.
B3ut Wbittomore ieed not be uiety.
lji citepaliwos, liogo anid l3owen,
1. cIoice x :i mples ot the Indulgent
Anl .m 1.f th.s RlAdical un)joll;"
mtvard 01;, stppor's4 of bheir parti.
t WOUh he a .w 1 11d nd th n I . to
a bhS'r torlJre to be ex; eled for the tide
f a phitiful. cadetship, while 'iowell
1d llo a tre ll wed to totaini tlhir
oits aittd aid in makir, lIa.w for the
Ahocle Alerie . lb.
If we WC to wait u1ntil doom, day,
R idical C(ongress would do notalog
ownid reuoving the South Carolina
rio. 1 ho renedy itust be found
ore in till State- hero inl the inithIt
f tiCI. ppe whom. they-) have- s'nnd -
red aid an..od-hero in the midat
f the white men and colored men
'hom tey iiisult and mikrepresent.
thcady a <ilt v ent In afoot to defoat
lie renoiinnation of W hittomkore, and
lie Padicals dcclare that they are ick
f TIoge and Bowcn. Tt is even said
hat asinoy, the colored seinator from
loorgstonnl, will be in the field, if
pposito to Wbitternore.
Sone (or Rainey is, for all wO know,
n be-nest uid consci,.tious men.
ld 'if the choice nimt be made be
reen an uppright colorod inau %tnd
Vhittemore, we ainoouoly hope that
to colored man may be eloeted.
There was somewhat of a flurry
tiong the business men of New Yoik
hen it. was ainiounced the other daty
lat Chief JusticO Gha-- hAd deliv
red tnit opintion ol the ].-:gal Tender
t, but siince th&t docutnout has Leon
auaflly read aid studied the imer
atilo community have voted it to
c of very little moment so fAr even as
ntrauta are contorned, entered into
efora February, 1862. Chief Jius
cc Chase ia111y 1ay as inuch as ho
kes that these contraets must bo
aid in gold, but as loan a oil bonds
Aime iavo ever simic been paid in
rectbacks. and as parts of all con
raits made before the war lvie ever
ineo been paid-without ol.ji!iti n
n1 thin- pal t of tle receivor-in groon
eks, tisii very action it Considered
w by ucir besit l talenta a.tr to
ny deiand laeing imnada now by those
One parties for piytent ill coin.
'here may lie corporatiot.a and others
'ho wi11ii4.0iit 1pon their pounitid of
.h, lot itir number will be ve rv
nall, as all titsa hiving trans eti n
'it.h the unSHIs of the peoplo will
ich titeir popularity and do very
ttle to i:dj.ro it.
W\AOF.-The wnges paidl per
acn .b, without. hoard, in th) Eastern
tates, tre $.33.30 ; in the Middlo
1:1tes, S20 07 ; in the Wos'ern,
8.91 ; in t.ho Southern, $16 ; in
)cegon, $35.75, and in California,
In the average of prices their is great
iflcience in different 'parts of the
hat a11l of the West. It is soo that
1acre there ii the greatest varjety of
aops, aind where t he, e i . a hloameriaar
et iith ne0iighabrtinag v'las, pr'ees
-e highert -i all where there are0 brut
nie or t wo) stiaple 0rop4 whlj~i 11*u t be
ra asp rte a iI loo istuneo or exporit
I for co~.rsu :.y10.., w. got, as. u ell ia
res, r folo w.
Thlia, ini O.io' the aivefage~ i /(28 4G;
n the M~ibrmi Valbh y, of' that' $ate,
evoated( to stook and grain, ad cL'u
aing the richustland, $28.79 ; ai
n the Wer n Recsei-ve, devoted'to
.dryinag and mi nufact ure.4, *,3.3.3
n ' WVeid Virgitiai the average i3
42'>.3; b'it'ina a" few 'or i s ecnier,
alld the Pan '1%aaillo, whero sheep
, o largely groen, a1il tlbe so'h is l10
oaC highly productive, the alveraige
a$$3.75. In 1Contnuky thbe Iivor ge
I $(0.3; in her river douantice,
2.23; bunin the :Ihr" co'untids in
) ad,who t hero' oitnive.hsp
Kria anid iroo-w1dk,, hougli the haud
rte hiilly,'h averag~e is $2O 27.
163 losgu inpartietarly inre
ivo, to our people, greaing'upon'toml
ritb nuiw forao the 'in:portanues, of a
airiety of or pe onI thelf fttrws, Amid
f esaab lai hing anrature.'
coouniita Q agi ort9ig of, Florida are
uffetring terribly from j1 ,tise pf the
arpet.boggers and naegross. Govern
>oed'And'his lfo in4.agezin soojalI
qualityvged thelerecpkIosar, .0013
n&a rfenwh wlite skibnned Oandidatei
Lesyrae thebsa lntrdaetrn
Tnda 66ot.. g 4 o tC onu
bet* t 400
Tia GUANO TRA D.-The MacolI
Telegraph cud Messenytr "leauyn
If from a clerk in the Con.tral Railroad
ofli"' that UP to this timue no loss than
8,000,000 pounds of guano have been
received and delive:ed into the hands
of dealers and consumers since the
15th day of last N1ove'mber. 8,000,
000 pounds more have passed over the
- road to other railweiya, and gone into
There 16O,000,000 of pounds mako
8,000 tonq w(rth an average of about
$80 per ton, or In the aggregrato over
$l1,250,000. This is a Iarge trade,
and shovis to what extent planters in
Southwest Georgia now rely upon
oim meroial fortelizomr in the -~produc
in cotton. Large as this showing is,
it does not compare with thb guano
trade of the city. We have one con
ecrn here-tho Dickson- Fortii.ing
Compny-whiech has sold and re
o.,ived orders for tuore than 5,000
tong, atid new orders to the ex
tent of hundreds of tons are pour.
ing in upon them daily. This is a
hote eompany, and we are re'.d1od
to chronioio its noinirable 0uces.
We have other larg dealers in
guano here, some of whom have sold
ai much as 3,000 tons. We believe
we would be clearly witib bonuds in
saying that Augusta dealers have sold
at least 30,000 tons this season, worth
over $2,500,000.-Augusta Chronecle
BUL.OK EXPosren.-The Washi.;g
ton special to the Chronicle & Sati.
,til, gives a more eoourn 'ing view of
the Georgia situation at Washington.
Bullock has baeu doteted in his infa
mous plot to rob and ruin the State,
and his L.nlawful, act and scandalo,
pepulations are in a fi.ir way of being
exposed. Senator dniunds, of rer.
muont, the author of ene of the bills
to promote reoonstruotion in Georgia,
denounces Bullock is a liar, and oharg
es him with having misled Congrosi as
to the condition of offairs in 0eorgia.
Senator Conkling, of New York, and
Senator Carpenter, of Wisconsin, coi
currod in the views of Senator Ed.
nunds. Whon loading Republicain
do- winn Unitlock for Wiliurpationam
blo )rospect of thueS.ato )einig rescu
ed from the gang of thieves led on
by Bullock and Blodgett.
CnNEHst TiEiORY AND I'inACTICE.
Lord Elgin says that th distinguish
ling characteristio of the Chines mind
is this: "That rt all points of the
cirole desam iIbod by man's intelligence,
it 'eems1 oceisonially to - have cought
glimpes of a heaven for beyond tho
1ao.e of its ordinary ken and vision.
It cought a glimpse of the path which I
leads to military anpremacy when it
inventod gunpowdor some centuries
before the discovery wi~a made by
other notionm. It oaught a glimnpse of
the path which Luds to maritime
supromacy when ip niada, at a period
equalf remote, the discovery of the
mariner's opmnsa. - It caught a
g liapso of tie path which leads to
itorary supremmoaoy when, in the tenth'
century, it invented tho Printing
preS. it caught from time to time
glimpies of thobeautiful in colb and
design. But in the hands of th.
Chtiuess themsilves the inveution. of
gumnpowder hmas exploded in erackers.
and hmarnmless fireworks. The mnari
nrei'w comspass bhi produced nothinig
better than the coas: ing jnnk, 'I ha
a tt of print iug has stagnated! inito
stereotype d editio... oifauius ; and
th os y.i.mil m epreseontations of
the grote quo havme beenm thIe I.rincipal
prod Qcts oft Chineosc c'inceptions of
the sublime and beaut iful.
Gv ENn &. -Gi$AZ' Ni#A'r S~T H ff.
A WVauhington correspondent of the
Loo huville Cuerier-.Jou~rnaf r elatest a
a letter from Govern'ei Ashley, of
Montaaw, to t riehd, Wha latsff mdd
t a Genral Grant1 7henuderrnor '*ts'e
rather free in his striotonreon-Grant's]
Uppoinsteos.. Jinamlly thila passage was
read -The Presidentbas made soie '
bad eppoininonis45'&, Grant elit
y , mafd, "Well Y'think 'hawe;KwdP101 -
J jtremove'oo, of thom. bow.& And,
bhe torlor for Ashley's 4eeapitatiet,
Iwas a de forthwith. h~lis Is amwoag
hi. hivsg draht as done" ding
liaad ministr~In'JMt him 'kdepbjis
the j ,le, and *uftd'd6teeweak gnd'
*SA51nIo TO BK CusaAwz 4VTR Az4,,
ate Regsgte oldred~natofrnt
M.issIppIdturp. ut ith gge Iywr
- Ed bifileds o" ttV pltV~st
muuseesumm _ uumm!,s
-i RrRozTx'1 .MACIz::n6-- N1 :*Itr.
so U)I n iu3lenious FII3utAwso, bta i"
ventLed ti llteziogapbic p.ttji.S? T L U
key board of a pi~ti:o-urto, MAn by lisp
ji1I lug it, euvr to the kcey', 1 4u
the wvorJ4 9A tbu'- dr:- frow ths- ky;
of tbo qoa~ki~r, e%:1 l c b~ ylboo
a ctrip of' ppor, mdcr I~ i~ l-rU
do! noith. \Vhqri sve .tthutv" Jo
Riot, of c'eur'e, UhO,133 th~t t',o sv~rdi
Rri! printvd in hittv-s TL i'Lrr a viboat d
appeft!s to . 10 :i:Av 'to t1Ie ports
litrkoel !.v tho t*, Ur fperr, of th'3 left
til , * ioiiant h retRh guz, in!A-O b
the fiogern of tlhc ii4 %t hatvil,-1rintj
flu-%I eunu IltA; rvik t he ,vid1ilo, apot
adon by t ho t% thumbh, perintsa tb,,
nmediumi vuoIel. We 'pathloa thfat
son' v t 11 i 11,I .~ p'hooptio totii of*
practhv-A i-i rtd to -enilv% aniy upori
tor to i'oliow tb.o ist fuert ipoakstr
ivith caw.e. NVe (,gh a i ?11 o l thtat Al.
L TNlIMsuiltefi1 i'eftdo.it; ituflrcasimu~
ry to trgaotibo thIo oupy.
SHELLL MOUND'S -T-iitcj A'a rOahly
mr1iosritie, miot wviia livro aud tbao
rtquontly in bloridla. 'Ihov - caoch
sousist of a ;ingle kind, of shofl onily,
ttid aro fomid humetimles au large as a
;ood-sizod house-. Botto, ?iniued, are
eory i.,e , a.,(! jover al 3rent sr-aca of
p ouiid. , T itood on orio ucar .l5noprist,
-h Lidn,. .Munroe, O1MUaiitzr oillirely of
icriwvinici s' odes. A hotal. with out
lOUgo bad beeti oroatud uponi it, atud
Nith amuplo spacti fur more tiu -forty
Tihe miound wall twozity-flva foot ill
toight, rind- wazi formed of nothling
)ut this. ki itl o( h lell. Othorg uro otf
iyator shcAl tilono, and -fortshAmye
m001 built. upon them. Tihoro is no,
ixplaitat ion to give of this forint ion.
COMPrULRY~n EILCAT1ON,-.-1Oao of
1he ti)oakirs tit the -C o'tit mntjng tt
1irraingheki, I'mtgland, of the BrtihIh
N'at.Iona1 Htlw'mtinllaIl Lonq te, l4atcd
hult on Janritiry ]it, I b70, there wero
01ighty nalillionIH of tho itiluabitrinto of
5uro1,o xind'. r thu oporaiLtiji, or' Jaw
muforuj ng uout po l:mory ec imiation. T1his
rillparitI vo]5 wivel ill BEnglanid, pit,
hat Ohe priliciplo ha d bet-11 iii rmruccNr
ul (iratl fiti i, o-i. fo Cmalty
eau r!#. lh o 'N orth (I rnlm:u (CuilrI'
a tioflll il 8it z-:1ri rind wer uiC lit ?enfl
-ati4j,n fA paoit :rd the ia )A itelli.
peut population in thivo wld.
Si E.'riiA110. i.NI A iiIiOAD 1il
;rY. - -' 11UIo ich ft111 gaoordty otf
NTt'ervi. Rnht rf. B orner nd( H. G.
Sinriiinr, of New Yok city, Prince
.dl (14dleg, No OWsesv wni revently
rlrofcotud ":titrn funid for the eroc
Ai and tluititetnarioo of au pymila
ijuit. Thto building wits ledionted
)tthe ) 311 of hist, Joliltiry, an;?
).rnong the Fpecllen 111de 'at tll
)pen inh -ereironiea wits an nldeti on
I)CIif oftile 1atbdOntAhv Mr. D~. R.
imise , of(hOdrgetown, S.f~ Tho
ubjotfeni 401 as -'['ho, Jnfpoinnae
if Physimrl DeVerlorpmellt $6A Miintal
.~Ulture,' an~d 'wait nhr ate& by