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Desportes, Williams & Co., Proprietors.] A Family Paper, Devoted to Scienc, Ar nqulry, Industry and Uterature. [Terms--$.00 per Annum, In Advance.
VOL. 111.] WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 2,1870. [NO. 37
On the Stream.
BlY THOMAS DUNN ENOLI.I.
Night, but no cloud on the sky;
And, yonder, the lights of the street glearn
In a fimne.spotted pyramid up from tho
dis I float in my boat so despairingly by,
On the stream.
Quiet the ships at. the piers;
Like s forest in winter, their masts and
S ad in relief from the sky and the stars;
I can see them L.i spite of my fast failing
tea's,- - -
On the stream.
Creeping from wooiden-walled slips,
I watch the filled ferry boat- ply to and fro,
Impatiently pawing tile wave as they go,
Threading their way through the fast
On the stream.
In the far distance, I Pee
The light of a lamp from the window on
That was her signat last summor-no
Will that lamp throughthe pane cast a
glimminer for me
On the stream.
Thei'mh a my life she was dear,
I coli inte borne It to think of her dead
liut de-per than that was the pang when
Away with another-fled, leaving me
On the stream.
Sometines they tell me I am crazed:
God knows if I am; but I think not, at
I feel som"eWhat stunned with this dull,
I still keep my senses, though floating,
On the stream.
Floating half way froin the shore
Thus in my. bont, in and out of the light,
I 'Irift and drift, with i my woe anid the night,
Till the storm cones-and then, they will
see me no more
On the stream.
Spanish Barbarities in Mtba.
The remains of Greenwalth, the
victim of Spanish barbarity at Hava
na, wore interred tere yesterday.
Though the friends of the unfortu
nato mail, and those of his colleagues
who still remwip in Cuba-with his
-mployers, used Overy -heabs to pre
ellt, any demonstration, there was
ne-ertholess a deep-seated feeling of
iii.gipation in the pubic mind.
Wherever the matter was spoken of
the Spaniards were execrated, and
shame was felt at the pusillanimous
conduct of our govornment for its
indifference to the' 'manj outiages
upon Americans in juba. If Green
walth was not an A merican citizen he
was a resident here, and left this city
for Havana but a few weeks ago. But
his companions, who were .brutally
wounded, were American citizdns.
Tlihs case of barbarity, however, was
only one of many upon our citizens
by the Spaniards in Cuba. We have
had authentio accounts of many be.
fore. It is booause the governmerit
at Washington has failed to notic'e
those previously that this ocourred.
Had reparation been dettanded in
previous cases, and protection to our
citizens been insisted upon, we should
nit have heard of the brutal outrages
on Greenwalth and his companions.
*Our Consuls in Cuba and our navy in
its waters might just as well be at
home, The are utterly ,seless there.
Well may 'the Spaniarda 'despise us
and laugh at the idea of the United
States venturing togb to war with
( Spain. The most contemptible nation
in the world would not suffer the in
dignities this republio has borne. Any
little State would give better protec
tion to its eitizens. How has this
mighty country fallen tinder the
cowardly men who now rule at Wash
Tfhink of our ,d6gruation' whon 'the
friends of poor. Greetn'wil'tl asiother
vittm* of Spanislaisarbarsity 1:nplore
the pepohere' to make no demonstra-.
tion of indignation for fear of the
consequences to those Americans who
still remain in Cuba!1 We must not
give vent to our feelings for fear the
brutal volunteers might murder the
Americans that tare leoft in Tiavans
and other parts of the island !
American merchants in Cuba, as we
are well luformed, dare not send let
ters in their packages of correspon.
dence for Cubans or for those whc
might be sa'speoted of sympathizing
with the Cuban cause. Such is the
reign of terror under the volunteers.
Th le so-tialled Spanish government ii
the Island is powerless and the mert
instrument of a bloody ,rovolutionary
factionm. Amerloaa ottizeni are com.
pelled for self-protection to deny theou
o untry and to hail as E'nglishamon 01
as other foreiguers. We have flc
j doubt that in this last case of barbari
ty our weak and. timid, Seeretary el
State will accept the hollow aplogiei
and misrepresoptstions- of S patii
officials, and that those same officials
conteiptuously laiughing ab te labe
cihity of our go .erwenent; will neithei
punish the orl inals por prevent simi
I ar outreges in lee future. Xin alj
matte's tleCuba and to wh&i
is occurring in that island now the
government of great couritry hai
folthe shame eof .aum1 h~miliation.
The Printing Office as a Sohool.
For a young man who is not alto
gother a fool, who has had the advan
tages of an ordinary education, the
printing office is undoubtedly a capital
school for intellectual advancement.
In regardsto general knowledge, no
class of mten who labor for a living
can approach the printer. The
studious among them, If their natural
gifts be not below the level of medi
ocrity, have equal chances with the
niember of the'iso-called professions,
to acquire both wordly honor- and
literary fame. From the days of
Caxton to those of Franklin, and from
his day to our own, the oraft has pro
duced eminent men in every profes
sion and In every walk of life.
A good printer is generally a critic,
not only of language and punctuation,
but of the intrinsic literary merits of
whatever comes under hand. It is
impossible that he should be other
wise, since so groat a part of hia life is
made up, as it were, of facts that
enforce reflection. The labor that em
ploys.his hands gives his mind neither
exercise nor care. His fingers move
intuitively to the exact points re
quiste for the proper appointment of
his work, while his mind seizes the
idea sought to be conveyed by the
writer whose work he is engaged on,
and Is only expelled therefrom after
his judgment has passod sentence upon
its merits, %
Many a one, without knowing it,
possibly owes some unkpown coinposi
tor or proof reader mu.ch more rep
utation as a writer than he would be
willing to acknowledge. If, by
changing the reading of a sentence
without effecting its meaning, he can
give it'strength of smoothness, a good
printer asks no question about the
matter but changes it at once.
There are sonic printers, it is true,
who can never learn the plainest rules
of composition ot punctuation. To
such a one might we use the identical
Words spoken by a well-known divine,
speaking to a young, but particularly
silly candidate for ministerial orders:
"Young man, you have made a
mistake ; you have bon called to
WgyrEAT8oA wua ADMfNISTRA
TION.-wd w'indmks of the Ways
and Means Committee had some talk
last evening with .the President, and
the remarks mawde ire to be ieported
to the full committee. He said that
last fall he was of opinion that ve
would do better to go on as rapidly as
possible in buiying up and cancelling
our bonda so as to reduce our debt,
and in this view had recommended
that we hold.our tax and tariff rates
generally at the present figures so as
have r large surplus for use by the
Secretary of Treasury in cutting down
the indebtedness. He had . thought a
good deal about this matter, he con
tinued,.and had somewhat changed his
opinions 'ast t6 poliey that should
be pursued. He was satisfied that it
wpuld be better for the country to
have a' reduction of taxation, that the
people were anxious for it and that
Congress;could not well do less than
meet this expectation. In his opinion
we might make a reduction of twenty
millions in the receipts from internal
tevenue,' and he weould very readily
sign bills looking to atnoh a teduact ion
If passed by Congress. Sometbing
was said about the Funding bill now
before the Senate, and he remarked
that'he hinself was not so confident
dent as some persons seeins to be that
we oan nlegotiate a par loan at four
and a half or five per cent interest.
It mnight'b'e well' to pass the bill, but
ho doubted if we could do much
under it this year.
The Ways and Mieans Committee
this morning discussed the question
of redding taxation, anmd getierally
agreed t revise the Tax bill with the
view of making a deduction of thirty
mlllions.--Wash. Gor, Da Himore Ad
THE FATE OF HOME ENTERPRnsa
AT THlE HANDS OF THE PRIsgNT
RsEGM.. -Acoording to the educa
tional bill recently addpted by the
present Legislature, the following
persons compose the Committee on
Text-books : Governor Scott, Messrs.
Rt. Tomilinson, Jilison, Maxwell (col
ored) and 8malls (colored.) WE
learn that at a meeting, held on
Monday evenings, the question came
up as to the seleotinon of text-booksm
for the public scliools for Baulh Car
olina. For some titme past, Philadol
phia and New York ftave had their
agents here, to scure the privilege of
feed ing the young South OarolInian on
Northern pabu~lurn. Our enter prising
publishers, Messrs. Duffie & Chap.
mnan, also presented .the claims o1
their series of r#doi 'and writing
books. But, as might have been an
ticipated,thmey wore not acceptable. to
the Board. N ew York prevalled, and
thus we have the w~y in whieh the
Eduaostiong1. Copaupittee 1repose to
footer homo omnterprise. Te series oi
readers presented by Messrs. D~
& Chapenwom epared )#'rofes
sor ReytildsW and te'reall likble te
tio objeetion, aven ati the htnd of thhs
committee. We hope that the publb
will-b aMiI iofident ini mind., It
theI pv'ivM$tWools, at least, sed^ &i1
that they encourage homne publica,
N %poloon's Troubles.
Among the latObt items Of telegraph.
io news from] Paris Is one whicb weltl
deserves passing notice. On the in
terpellation introduced in the Cham-I
bers relative to the domestic policy
of the government by M. Jules Favre,
it is said, immediate action will be
urged. It is said that if Ministers
do not accept the interpollation the
"Left Centre" will vote with the
"Extrenme Ll-that is, the mode
rate sootiun of the opposition, whichi
has been acting more or lete steadily
with M. Ollivier-nill juin the "ex
tremists" or "irreconcilables," and
thus force upon France the quetion
whether the one man power is to be
restored or whether it is to be rovolu
tion. The opposition united will
make it imiposible for R. Ollivier to
reumain in office ; and, M. Ollivier out
of office, there will be left a gap
which it will be diffioult for any Our
tins to 1111. M. Ollivier is, no doubt,
doing well in the circumstances, but
the circumstances are peculiar, and
his misfortune is that in doing well he
is-under the necessity of acting too
much with the Emperor and too little
with the people. In the eyes of the
opposition the Prime Miniter is a
partisan. Should the threatened
union take place what would follow ?
In all likelihood Ollivier would re
sign. In that case a successor will
besought. Jf found, he will have
his chance. If he can yield more to
popular demand, well. The presnmp
tion is that concession in the Emper
or's mind has reached its limit. It
seems really, then, to have come to
this-revolution or the restoration of
th oone man power. ThIs new diffi.
uity iill be watched everywhere
with itense interest.-N. Y. Herold.
Southern Manufacturing Compared with
Upon a comparison yesterday of
the cost of manufacturing - a given
kind of yarn in the South with the
same in the North, we found that it
was over thirteen per cent. less in the
South than in the North.
A similar comparison, based upon
equally authentic and carefully pro.
pared data, with English imantifacttM'
fng; will give an exhibh aximost as
A manufacturer of cotton yarns
from Manchester, England, has fur
nished points in detail warranting this
cenclusion. Four cents is the average
difference in the price of cotton in
Columbia an< Manchester. Take,
then, 20 cents as the price here
and 24 there. The English manufac
turer shows that it costs him (we re
duce both to United States currency
for convenience) 35.25 cents to make
a pound of No. 20 yarn. Col Pal
mer can turn out the same article at
0 cost of 29 cents. Add to this, for
freight and insurance from thispliac'
to lanochester, 1.5 cent a pound, and I
we have thocost of a pound of Sout m
ern-made No. 20 yarn delivered in
Manchester just 30.5 cents. This Is
to say, we can manufacture and deliv
er in Manchester a pound of yarn:
4.75 cents cheaper than the Manches
ter can make'it there. This is thir
teen per cent. cheaper in the South
than in England.-Souther.n Guar
A robbery remarkklfe-for its dar
ing and the amount of p lunder obtan.
ed by the thief took place on Satut'
day. .,A collecting e~rk for thme bank
of mlessrs.. Barnett &Co., Lombard
street, went to the Birbeok Dogosit
Bank on business,.avid /while watag
fok his turn ptgt his bill ease, contain
ing bank notes for .?9,950 onth
conuter. I6 wss attached by.a streng
chain to his waist and he kept'his
hand upon it.'Thd 'sppice tmgel or6*d-'
ded,-and gomne petkdiIto tobhd 'him 6fl
the shoidbr and said lhe had, dropped
a pione of paper, ,whiobi~ on looking,
he ataw att his feet. The ruse was
successful. Ile'.stpoped to pick upi
the paper and "on' +dig' fami~Ied lie
saw a hand leaving the bill ease. He~
at onee:14oked atit and saw his -notedI
gone. Hie gave an alas, :bat it was
too late. There are four ways of
egress. from Southamton buildins
three into Ilolboin and are muto
Chancery lane, and the robber thus
easily eluded pursuit. 'A reward of
.?1,000 is offered for the approbeosion
of the thief.-London ,Standa'rd, Fe'b.
IDReAS SynoNoan TuAN Aausne.
That was a very striking passage-in
M. Ollivier's speech in the Bste
when a member demanded an antjine
of the Imonie policy of 'thotdVeru)
me'nt. lie referred to the fikat Ngo'.
leon, "whd, after marching thr'otghm
Europe, and fatiguing viototy, and
putting his foot on the headof Ismgs,
said, at g1ontainbleau~ iu the honr of
his mitifortunte, 'O m tiot' 06tq ui
by coal6seed armies, unt" bfaIb'm
ideas.':". The Purimie Ministe' wefit
on- ,to' asy"'l haqwboen reoet~mg
this Iogmiore ta4 yeap, I pi
the festuanI 'J4dW'38f)fetiibh
of4 politidal. iihert~s' A The4Ie r
try rmust at least wish to see him al
~qe, f aitt t~riajh
A Ohloago Wife Meets ,[Qr Rival.
About dusk on Thurda4y evening
, woman wds observed pahing up and
lown tre w~iting room in the St.
Liouis depot. She seemed to be ex
>ited, and very anxious fpr the train
:o arrive, as at every -soid she went
;o the window and lovked 'ut. When
he train oarue in she git behind a
loor, and olosely scrutinied thq pas
mengers us they passed a:,*g. Noarly
'ho last one wont throulh, the door
Leading to the street was it very pret
'y young womIn, about seventeen
Sears of. age. The worual rushed up
'o this lady and. Wok h. r. by the ear,
lalling her a "hussy," %ahd sa ing,
'I've boon waiting for youeooo time."
ho led her victim along Canal to
kladison Atreet, utill holding on to
ior ear. Several gentlestin, witness
!a to this extrau.rdinary Iproceeding,
magining that the. wowau was a pro
muross, or intended to lari the young
ady, pursued the Rair nad stopped
hem. They demandeOl to know
vhat the young lady , had dopo that
he should be treated in tAt manner,
Lnd the woman told thom. She., said
ho was married andlivo in Chioa
5o. The girl re-ided in 1 c.omington,
nd had been flirting with her bus
)and and corcesponding 'with him.
Lhe other day a letter .-6190o to her
louse, addressed to ber: husband, I
knd as her lord was. .awy she
>poned It. It was from thi, girl, and i
iho said she would arrivelA Chicago
)y that train, and reqtueste'd him to
neet her at the depot. Shii-had mot
ior, and intended to con4front her
imiband and shame him,. .The story
vas told in suoh a manner as to plae
tAs truth beyond question, si4 the cou- .
;le were permitted to depart, the
Noman still retaining her hold on the
iar of the one who bad de royed her
bappiness and mionopolized, the affec
ions of her husband. -
In the decades from 1830 to 1810 the
increase. of our tonnage in t4e foreign
,arrying trade was about laity per
3ent ; from 1840 to 1850, a venty-five
per eint ; and from 1850 o 1860,
sixty per cent. The inrensp 9l the
At dceade was twenty p S ,ger
6 of Grqa Britan 09e
f - , when i 16,4
2,642,628 tons. That of Great
Britain at the same time was 3,179,
383 tons. We held the second rank
among nations, and approaohed the
irst iii the extent of -tonnage engaged
tu foreign trade. -In the total ton
aage registered and enrolled we be
lieve we stood first. From 1861 to
1866 our tonnage engaged in foreign
,rade declined to 1,972,926 tons, being
a loss, of 1,149,902 tons. Great
Britain gained in the , same time
)84,715 tons. The, cause of this loss
o us and gain to. Great Britain as a
.onsequence, in a great measure, was,
wo all know, the war. and those rebel
ruisers whieh were, lot loose. upon
Amnorloan commerce, by England.
N. Y. ilerald.
Senator Revels, of Mississippi,
(free man of color), bas, givep Sena.
bor Sumner another lesson in politicalI
Athies and'the rights'of man The
3olored' Senator, wish others of the
MississippI delegation, induced the
President to delay signing the bill-for
the admission or MissIssIppi uritil a
bIll for the removal of political'd~sa
bilties shall have passed both hoaed,)
sonme of the members of the, delega
fnbeing numbet-e4 at prescit amsong
the 'politically disabled. Sedator
Revels domeis to his: Senatorial duty
with the rig'ht spfrisand his Elthi opi
an ethldh. shaouldpat Suamner to thme
blush. If he continues in this wa~y
he mnay eventually take the radleal
leadership hmsnelf (and out loo'se fro:m
is .ama~n living iin th.mounatains, of'
North Oprellna, not more than' forty
miles from. .Greenville, So'uth Gsro,.
hlna, ..eys the. 'aoteo Caroh~nian,
who has -.reaolho.d: the extraordinary;
ago of 148 years.. At the time of
rdoolk'. defeat,. be was twenty;
years old,.and had p.- wife and three
obildern. A gentlman at Greenvill -
states that thais:ntpp bqaa comeodown to
us fromn a former' generation ; has
always been in stodeorate odream
stances. livpd upon' a . plain, ooarsme,
drnkan'ligti;$bu .vpring wae ;
'and 'bids famir to lijve ,many eara
legger. flo eryoy. per fect , htth)
osfoss sI .of maaalaood's attuiaas,1
adwants to' marry. Ineh esir.
vived seven wivas, egnd, bavkg lost
bi at p aboft0 sixt eara ago he
#eeths thgath kaoi'
and the Emp rifr t Vos
siderato .tfhe. jllabus La en
lbdfom Ih6 r p ~ I
be stronger than a hui re oes,a
we cannot think that word will not be
agokn-N. Y. HeraWd.
W HITTEMORE FOUND (UIILTY.
Eloo DOINO THE SAME DIRTY WORK.
-The following is a special dispatch
to the~harleston News, dated Wash
ington Fobruary 21.
The excitement in regard to Whit
temore and other capt.-bag Congress
men, charged with selling aadetships,
reached fever-heat to day.
From the testimony'taken by the
House Millitary Committe, it appears
ten or twelve cadetships were sold by
Congressmen, at prices ranging from
$500 to $2,000. Most of the culprits
were members of the last Congress,
but four or five of them sit in the pres
ent Congress. Whittemore, when
before the committee, did his best to
explain his position. One excuse was
that he received $2.000, to be applied
to political and educational purposes.
[He admitted the receipt of the money,
but did not name the purpoces to
w'aich the fund was applied.
When the committee met this morn
ing, they promptly decided that the
dtfence of Whittemore on Saturday
did not sufficiently or satisfactorily
counteract the evidence againbt him.
The committee, accordingly, voted
unanimously to report a resolution
for his expulsion.
This resolution, together with the
evidence, was brought into the House
at 3 o'clock, and oreated a decided
sensation. All the evidence was read.
Thie oocupied an hout, the meiibois
and the crowds in the galleries listen
Whittemore, while the evidence
was read, sat in his seat. He was
the object of all eyes, and looked, de
oidedly pale and nervous. .
When the House was discussing
whother Whittemore should be allow
ed time to 'iake his defence, he rose
to speak. The- tmembers sitting -near
him Atrongly advised him to keep
quiet, and he did. so.
After a oonsi~orable debate, it was
decided to allow Whittemore to ap.
.>ear at the bar of tho House on
Wednesady. and make his defence.
Had the vote been taken to-day.
the members say that Whittemore
would have been !expelled without a
dis.cotiner voice, and it is believed
th t oni WV'ed -n day more than a two
third Woe 4ill be obtained for his.
espele*on - -4ii- ..I; i,,. .,..... :,A S.%:
Hoge, the other Seuth Carolina
represontative, who was' eleoted by
a. majority of several thousand votes
against him, he is also implicated.
It Is stated that the committee have
evidence to show 'that he traded for
a cadetship; but the particulars have
not been obtained.
"Little Phil Sheridani," true to the
brutal instinets which ravaged and
burned the fertile valley of the
Shenandoah, has now committed an
outrage ap the West, whiob, as per
petrated upon Indians and not upon
white people, way perhaps be called
into anccuntta rime which the Now
York World debounces as -one of the'
oruellest, !most extensive and most
disgraceful butcheries ever known in
Ainorican history. A detachment of
United States cavalrymen were dis
pitched by his orders to the - winter
quarters, of the. Piegan Indians, stole
upon them in the middle of January,
when, as Sheridan says, they were
very helpless, killed one hundred and
seventy Indians [whether the women
and echildren were spared to die of cold
and starvation, or were slaughtered
indiscriminately is ,not mentioned]
destroyed fourty-four lodges, also a
large amoubtt iof winter provisions,
captured three bundred horses," &o.
Sherldan ordered his menito "strike
to hurt". and they seem to have faith
fully carried out his order.
IIomA PkPr~nIeT.-Pfin1O6 Nape
leon, it seems; has resolved to give his
son a Spartin citizen'e eduoation4.
The boy, who la just oven years old4
has boon seat as a day.aoarder to a
asnilt 'ciohdo In Peae lise fatter
gate eattfot dtders that hi son shouldi
be called simply "Victor," and, as a
recoinpenase for good conduct, "Napo,.
I on, Victor." His day's work isfrom
eight in the morning to six in tti
evening, with two hours rereatle.
is mother, the Princess Ciotilde,
who is extremely popular in Paris,
aooompanied her son to school on the
first morning, and entruste4d, with
rmany recommendations, an extra pair
of shoes to the matron, in ease of her
boy's coming in from thme playground
with wet feet, The young prince'.
luncbeon wee to have consisted of dry
bread ; but on the aaster's reppqses
tation that 11i the otheniboy werea
lowed marmalade, the stern f~ther we.
lared so far' as to allow his son to en.
joy the same indulgende.
A Magistrate in Woroestey, ifass.,
held a nian on his own redognianco
in $50G not to. commit seiide, he
out his brains. The Magistrate -evi.
depdly thought tbs6; money wa o
mtove value then hran. is Massaghnu
.George 1fos b4an s 4f bodden~rbie
wealth, died a ftw' days bg~v IRegiL
aforker laa reg vle'si
abant *400,Oto tte g*,qpm46it
for the liquidation of the national
debt. His relatives are coatesting
FAT S.i.r ani.--The salario4 paid
to army offluers are very much large:
than that given to the highest classe.
rf civil officers, and very much dib
proportioned to the duties perforined
by eaoh eisM will be seen by refer
noume to the following table:
Glen. W. T. Sherman, $18,780
Lieut. Gun. P. H. Sheridan, 13,8t4
Maj. (en. 11. W. H1allack, 9.863
Sciretary of War Belknap, 8,000
(hief Jnstice Chase, 0,500
Vice Pa esident Colfax, 8,000
Sherman receives nearly three times
as much aa Judge Chase, while the
potiun of the latter aud the duties
performed by him require the very
highest order of talent and long and
patient labor and much responsitbility.
We can see no reason why tile pay
A a military officer in tine of peace
ihould be higher than that of impor
Lant civil positions. Congress qhould
ipply the knife of retrenuhment here
A Wahingtindispiatchof Friduy,.
to the New York 'libune, sa3s :
'Secortary Boutwell was at the capi
tal to-day, and on being questioned
by a leading member of the Ways
and Means Committee whether he
ravored the thirty million reduction
A internal taxes, which was formally
agreed to by the committee yesterday,
hie stated most emphatically thait he
was opposed to such a reduction at the
present time. Ie maintained that
it was very important that a portion of
the debt should be funded before
any reduction was made. le had no
doubt that if the funding bill reported
by Senator Sherman was passed at an
early day, he wonld be able to fund
five or six hundred millions witnin the
present year. Money was abundant
in all European cupitals, waiting in
vestient, and he had tuo doubt that
several hundred millions would speed
ily be taken. ie hoped, therefore,
that the committee would press this
measure as soon as it reached the
House. That until five or six hundred
millions of the debt were funded he
did not think it advisable to reduce
the revenue. le said the President
hId never indicated to him: that he
deal'd any redn'tiou of 'thie t ake, or
the JYUuinn hi1 Teatposed ubtil
INVENTIONS IN THE SOUTHERN
STATEs -The Commissioner of Pi
tents, in -his last antiual reporti aays,
that during the past year 46 pAtents
were granted to citisa ins of. Alabama,
11 to those of Arkansas, 5 to Florida,
68 to Georgia, 86 to Louisiana, 53 to
Mississippi, 44 to North Carolina, 24
to South Carolina, 69 to Tennessee, 44
to Texas, 89 to Virginia and 87 to
West Virginia. In the class of ogri.
culture the examiner reports that "in
1859 the number of applications from
the South, as compared with those
trom the North, was less than two
and a half por ceut of the whole
number. In 1869 the-number of ap
plications from the South was inoreas
ed to over twenty-three per cent of
all the oases in my class."
MODEL FARM.-A bill was intro
duced in tie Legislature to-day which
seems, at least, to, violate a provlsion
of 'the Constitution ; for it is impessi
bid to-tell from its title the object for
which It was gotten up. .The title Is,
"A Bill tosanthorize County Commnis
sioners of eaeh. and every couanty to
purchase 'a farm, to be cultivated up
der thier super-vislon aind direction,
as a model farm of their respective
oounties," Section 1 authorises auch
Qounty Commiasioners to purchase
farms of bliank acres to beceuitivated
und'or their immediate' care'and super
visioh. "~otion 2 is rather fyre
levant, and -protidos that tho wag.,
es to be paid for labor on such farmas
shall, o thes standard and uu' Voym
prices, for labor . within bhe teatp,
which shall 'be as follows : Fill iindp,
$14 per nronith; half hands, $7.50,
with the following -rations . three
pounds bacon, one quart molasses, one
gil sa d.pn pek meal. pep'
vee1.' Neobio hree, egthours
eitat a dy's - work. in whidh a
full hand shall be required 'to perform
a eertain-amount of labor of different
kinds as set forth in that section. Sec
tion four provides that all pontracts
with ta"borers shall be made in accord
Sio 'with the provisions of this Act,
Sectiouds Ave and six iubpose penalties
for violation of contraot.-8. C. Re
1tgasacxion o Za aniaras is
THE 'DANU5'AJS VRINoCPAITI.-Mon.
to the .earnaL. de Pars, a- longt isnd
phioful account. of the cruel treatment
of th~o oJewe,.in, Romalnia. Some
elfoekiDg suffesring have been Inate
*d-pw tie...' popis consequence of
4. omrculsinued' by the Mblinist
tmrnof JaterloIurdering the expulsQin
J&Jewarfr9,R the- rural distrletse
heo twsg ctriedo hatebl7 and
9 $s fa J verbsA '6 athe
95.ge ef seant4eiJdWa wf
famlie, rpreentngabout 50O per
sons, were ruthlessly expellod frons
Tutx OI.DsST SPOT ON THE G.ons.
Prof. W. C. Nerr,. State Geologist of
North Carolina makes the following
statement : "The facts above stated
are sullicient to indicate that those rocks
belong to the most ancient of the azoic
series. The intensity of the metamor.
phism, the characteristic rocks and
their contained minerals, together with
the total absence of anything like or
ganisins in even the leavt altered and
latest of the series, (in Cherokee
County, for example,) render this con.
clusion inevitable. And not only do
they belong to the lowest geological
horizon, but .he entihe absence of all
representatives of the later formations
makes it further necessary to conclude
that we have here an extensive tract of
the oldest land on the globo; and as
North America is the eldest born of the
Continents, so the Black Mountain is the
oldest of the first to enlorgo from the
face of the unbroken sphere of waters
when the command went forth, 'Let
the dry land appear,'"
STonY OF A CANAY.-A very pret
ty and curious incident illustrative of the
reasoing powers possessed by inferior
animalh, recently occurred in the caso
of . cana y bird. The door of the bird's
cage was occasionally left open, that he
might enjoy the freedom of the room.
Oe day he happened to light, upon the
mantel shelf whereon was a mirror.
Here was a new discovery of the most
profound interest. He gazed long and
curiously at himself, Ie came to the
concluipn that lie had found a mate.
Going back to his cage, lie selected a
need from its box, and brought it in its
bill as an offering to the stranger. In
vain the canary exerted himself to make
his new-found friend partake, and be.
coming weary of that, tried another
trick. Stepping back a few inches from
the glass, he poured forth his sweetest,
notes, pausing now and then for a
reply. None caine, and) moody and
dirgnsted hv- flew back to his perch,
langing his head in shame and silence
for the rest of the day, and although
the door was repeatedly left open, he
refusedto come out agaiti.
TuE REIGN OF If4oftAtOR .t-A
exchange truth(qUly4Rys ; The present
is t l pipof, tle men. Never before
a%* ,A ountry have
o .erir Intellectual
abilies held prominent poitions in
tho government, and this remark ap
plies equally to all the State govern
ments. At a time the most important
in Its history, the affairs of a nation
are under.'the control of men wanting
in the distinguishing abaraoters of
statesmanstip, and hatred, bigotry
and malice, rather than patriotism and
a love of ajsticq inspire all their act@.
The Londoo Spectator 4neeringly al
ludes to this fact, as evidenced in the
dispatohes of Secretary Fish. It says
they "impress us painfully with the
inferlority of the new I4opubliaan di
tho qoinati Qp a zett tink that
"Dowp i ap " and "Out West" are
very u- oortain lootiteie, ainao the
stqtker.9t by Mr. McIntyre, the.agent
of the Treasuty Department in Alto
ka, that the mouth - of the Columbia
liveteis abost the dset#4o t the Uni
ted States, 3Mast and West, an4 that
it; jg no faft er froi Portland, Maine,
to Portland, Oregon, than from Aste.
ria, in the latter fBtat, to Attoe the
muos Westerly' of the Aleutian p
of islands, which are a part o? our
"Tua GArI'Fs'r ow 'uaas us Ounas
-rt."A4'he ntinmedst bequebt et Ca
lob Dorsey, of Mary'land, for the re
lief of the eu@ering poor of $he South,
i. being most juqdiciQUSly disbursed
Amoug tbg donatioe by the TRr stes
was the ~sandsome sum of *QOto
the. 1%y'. Forter, tIrgebooai hr.
Ipaton. We are aew informed th *,.
00 rtadi~~inbu ien, atw
die $epoor 9t 't~aa~ismw
ni; s4 I- the .vof
olorgy sai oter, fr asd, shei *
gaged in giving the ea stihjp
eatiop as will render the mot'e I~
servipe in carrying Otise truly
Christiain purpo,- . fae o ~f ble~s
lngs of a God o e wi . .low sucb
goods deed. as th-thamis.
President.Grant has issued <a* or
der prohibiting the:-Impoatatien *f
Brearmstand girewiters fito Alaska.~.
t'he condition of the troopa e~ioned
at that most delightful lof &netiests
summer rtreats umust eselte esiverm
sal-envy. Without . werspoo oatong
savages, and withott whi lt. i s a
Aresio temperature, whp wrottd not be
a soldier under seeob eendittees t
A Misouinatried to trilli au~-l
mursnee eaompany by drownig 1hiun
self Immediately after taking oat a
poy. Byi he escaped Is at
tied rinntaSeO. Went. byt
neweof his death was asset
SA~ yp*' gEntmbtet OiarleQS*i
Iowar enst seer-v esbts XN#st
nekg repeneftevr e-Matheaof W#t~
lng without pen ot ink. -Mfe9iv
be following inserirtlon, in lag
on a card: "Wi te with a