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Desportes, Williams & Co., Proprietors,] A Fanily Paper, Devoted to Science, Art, Inquiry, Industry and Literatur
VOL. 111.1 WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, APRI 1 1870. N
is PUni.nsiMiD WVEEKI.Y lY
DESPORTES. WILLIAMS & (0
Terms.-Tux IIKna.nLO is pulished-Week
y in the Town of Winnsboro, at 93.00 in
varCably in &Wance.
A&- All transient advertisements to be
paid in advance.
Obituary Notices and Tributes $1.00 per
I havei just receive d your letter ak
ing me to give you some information
in regard to the last wound of Gene
ral Jackson, that you may correct the
statement published in some Northern
magazines by General De Peystor and
Colonel Clifford Thom pon. The
former, you say, claims that General
Jackson was shot by the First Massa
chusetts Infantry, and the latter that
he was killed by a cannistershot from
You will find an accurate account
of the General's last wound and death
in Dabney's "Life of Jackson," or in
the account I wrote and published
several years ago:
The facts are briefly these
General Jackson made the attack
May 2, with his army in three lines
of battle. Rhodes' Division oeeupi
ed the front line, and Colston's Di
vision the second line, and 11111, with
a part of his Division in line and part
in column, the third line. During
the attack and rapid pursuit, of the
enemy, Rhodes' and Colston's Divi
sions became commingled and moved
in one confused mass. Rhodes, find
ing how disordered the troops were,
asked Jackson to send Hill forward to
Lake the advance, and permit the first
and second lines to be formed. While
this was being done, Jackson, accom
panied by some officers and couriers,
rode forward to reconoiter. lie ad.
vanced as far as the Federal picketm,
and then turned to come back to his
line, when his party, mistaken for
Federal cavalry, were fired into by
the Confederate line of battle. The
fire was probably from troops who
had just been placed in position, and
did not know that Jackson was 19
front of them. I think this was the
General's inpression in speaking of it
afterward. Several of his party were
killed and wounded by this fire but
the General escaped, and turned tj
his left entered the forest and con
tinued to approach his own line.
When within thirty or forty yards of
it a becond volley was fired, which
wounded him in three places. One of
the wounds was in his right hand, and
the other two in his left arm. It was
a round ball, such as was usad for the
smooth-bore Springlield muskets. The
wounds in his left arm were believed
to have been made by the same kind
of bullets. The Confederate troops
who fired the volleys at the General
and his escort were armed with
I will add that General Jackson
did not die from these wounds. His
death was the result of pneumonia,
and ocourred eight days after the
wounds were receited.
Yours, very respectfully,
Late Chief Surgeon Jackson's Com
Richmond, Va., March, '7, 1870,
GENERAL LEW,--The Augusta Con
attuionalist of the 1st instant says
This distinguished Christain soldier
and gentleman; accomxp ained by his
daughter and Colonel C rawley, of the
British army, reached our city last
night by the 9:80 train on the Char
lotte, Colutnbia and Augnsta Rlail
Road. His Ho~nor Mfayor Allen,
Aldermen Pournelle and WValsh, and
Dr. D. B. Pumb, met our much loved
and venerated visitor with carriages
and eordially extended to him and his
party 'the hospiedities of the city.
He and his friend, were then without
further eereimnnytaken to the Plain.
ters' Hotel, where they will remai-n,
so we are inf6'md, until tboamoreow
morning, when'they leave for Filorida,
seeking health. Te hearts of all
throb with unwontoo~ truisations to
knew that our great'and good man,
the Idol of the 89pabhere aoddery, the
admiration. of even those who
were our enemnies, . s in our midst,
where his hpd bgt4ea
by many a war-worn vet(eraD, who-, in
days gone,'reovganizodd no namne so
potent for victory and as cheering for
contest as that of Gog. I. *3, Taeo,
Thrdugiom all this land a patriot, a
sohler and a'bristai~n gentleminap, he
stangls pre-epinentr and by the inohal
poter of hipssiene1igqone roeh'
tohop~ug the g (n4.wdnunqs left by'
th4evastatin~ war, andfq r'etore to
us all that pat' noqt .der. al,og
which goles enfl such ls i
resignation as osw,. , ' g ner4
than doubly welepipp'N& 'gatlautman
of pegge ss wql .aswpa.dus~ saM
his ehert .ej19.uye my bo attende~ ag
~j many -peget in~dente to a
respecthis parie au~d obaraote# s e
Wash gs, shows bis 'dbgM .ehieki
der"'-e iedto~a Pslingwheng23e,
begins his un. .Wben hewaet dn
tree Is a mighity oak, and Sohneider's
Bsk.lotonkange frmm te brach..
The Encoiragement of Manufao.irda.
We have repeatedly doolared our
firm belief that permanent prosper ity
can be secured only by diversity in
the productions of our farms, and -
diversity of industry In our tow s
and on our streams. The peoplo of
South Catolina can become neither
rich nor really intelligent and enter
prising without the establishment of
manutetures in every patt of the
State. In eVery county we must put
the factory beside the farm.
We have urged our people to tak-o
hold of this matter themselves. If
they invest this year a portion of
their cotton crop in constructing cotton
mills, they will bouin the miovemncut.
'which will make them rich. And it.
is not a wealth in the distant future,
but close at hand. We once read of a
New England farmer who would not
plant apple trees, because lie said ha
should not eat fruit from them. But
his grandson planted an orchard, and
the mistaken grand father drank barrels I
of eidor made from the applos. - So of I
this matter; if planters take hold, i
they will find hnlp in the State and i
out of it-. If the cotton pi-oducers
lend a hand the good woi-k will go on,
and they themselves get the honefits
of it; get, indeed, three paolit-in t
manufacture, in better sales of raw I
cotton, and in increased price for <
other farm products.
These inducements are great. But
to those are superadded, as it were, a<
a bounty both by the State and by
the nation. The State has. generously t
authorizedi a rebate of all State taxes t
on capital hereafter invested in ianu.
factures of cotton or wool. This is i
done in the just hope of stimulating <
in every part of the State the imme, r
diate construction of factories. If i
there be anything like a general I
movement in this direction, our whole t
people will rejoice in this wise legis- 1
Tihe national Government, too, I
seoks to stimulate all kinds of manu- t
facturing by a protective tariff. This e
tariff will be continued for some years t
yet., we may be quite sure, and undor
it we may justly hope to sae factories <
rapidly spring up in the now recupe- i
There are those among us who a
fiercelv denounce "protection." Btt I
whether it be right or wrong, it is a
fact; and those who are disposed to
invest money In manufacturing in
F'outli Carolina will find the antual i
"protection" of the Government to be f
a great aid.-S. C. Republican.
The ldestitution and desolation.
of great London have sonic curious t
illustrations. A woman and her sons
of five years have for some time been
living alone; but recently he for several
days was seen playing near the house !
with no sign of his mother. Bome of I
neibhibors inquired of the child It
whether lie had had plenty of food j
during the week, and he replied that I
all he had had was what was left 'in <
the cupboard, and that there was plenty r
still remaining there. Upon missing ]
the child's mother, one of the neigh
bors inquired how ehe was, and whith
er she had gone. The little child,
with great simplicity, replied, "Main
ma is lying in bed, and bhe will not I
speak to me, and she is so cold, like a a
lumipof iae, when lay in bed withti
her." The same person said, "Per- i
haps she inf dead," when the buy re
plied, "I think-so too, for as is so
cold, and I can't get her. to apeak at:I
all." Thle neigh eors, upon entering
the room, foundi the unfortunate.
creature lying stiff' and cold in bed,
where she had been dead for two-or
taree-days, and the poor child had
been laying at her side in bed during<
I'Ass1Y~G AwAY.-Yesterday atr
noon the last tribute of lovo and af
fection wvas paid, in the Presbytarian '1
church of' his city, to the remains of
Mrs. John A.. Crawford, a lady well
knrown and warnily estemed in our
This- aftornoo the burial of' Miss
Eliza Heron will take place in the-9
Washington street Methodist cemeted,
ry, in the same grave with her mother;
the late Mr's. Blenjamin Hart.. Tho '1
remains will arrive b'y h'e Greenville 6m
train from Spa rtanbur g, wvherd her 0'
decease occurred two* days sinie'.. This
announcemen~t will carry poignart
grief to many ,loying hearts of rein.i
tives and friends in Oolumtibia and1
i~hroukkoot- thia and several sadjoining
States... IFor the citire periiod of her 'gI
lifeothe name of J~gSi go a
bebn synonymy h cp~y
deins of heart, aInd evdry 'worn'al
and Christian virtney--./qucrdian.:
IlP:~RfOvtMN'Pif li ANDERSON-.r a
learg hatfiee olret .,ngg
tiemp ifm Mssacurets~ad ary..
land biate 1prehised ~'thi i ihtV
of; lgh"Shoals,in Andertog reeubIg
fo~, s0 plpoeb'of evf th14ltge'be~te
Iton .tdd woo1Ien. fdqsreen igAh
fromnderson' Coutt 'HoMsep NdE Ol
ond'bt'uthe fidesE' W't'er'pbwe*"eWl
(he SItate T~n 'tbohtedililar~* |
gates of Id .w dd .Tesi
sotitraata fortwd ,~ tlionsi of'briekr
for' building purpoes.-Sowth Caroi
J. Wesley Harr, Esq., of Edef .Ild,
. faitmus watormelon raiser, writes to
Lhe Edgiefield Adcertlisr, giving hi
>lan as follows
T-a1ke a soil that il 1) too poor. I
lirefer that of a good charneter, with
7 deep sandy soil and a lay subsoil.
i Februnry or March break the land
loop with a lull-toigue or smiall sho.
el, so as not to turn unidr the vege
Nble mould. Abou, tlm ii la (if
April break the land ugain deep and
well, to anid aero:.s. 'Tihen lay oil
ach way ten feet with a long lhi fash.
onod shovel plow. In each chock
IrW Out all1 tle looo dirt to the
lopth of.eight or ten inches, 'and
wolvo in diameter. . Then take one
)ook or-ten quarts of the heAt, strong
_t and weli-rotted stable (horse)
nanure, particularly avoiding -itraw
r litter, pad spread in the hole.
'he, with the hoe valk round aid
'ound drawing in the top soil upon
he manuro, avoiding the incorpora.
ion-or uhixture Pf earth and mauitre,
itil you .have elevated a hill four
iehes ab1iove the omemonii01 surface, Wi4
igh teen In diameter. lpen this hi!!I
rop four or fivb seed, anl cover oi,
noh deep. In olay soil it ii needleq.
> open tho hole so deop as in sandy ;
rom four inoos to ,ilx is enough ; aU
X the other preparationls -'ame as in
When the seeds cmeav up, imncdi
liately break the auil utlunnd the
lIaut ; and when the third leaf begins
imako its appea rance, ploy and huo,
unliing to two 'Stal)<s. The work
hourddbe done so ahS not to have long
ntorvals from one working to anoth.
roarefully kooping down the grass
Ad weeds. When the. vines con1nene
0 run, thin doyza to I opo vine in, a
ill. When the vines'I have ril, oigh
eon inches each way, th f shold bo
aid by with the mweep. But kelp up
he hocing con'starit.ly, beings 1attica
ar not to laov the vine . nor to .ut
lie cllngors, for ilature scids t10o1
ut for a protection to the vird abin.jt
to stor m.
When the ViOs commonCe hoAring,
Ion't stop th hoe ; wolk thei surface
inderneath the vine ; and to. keep
-orking thbth. l this way the vamie.
'ines will bear for montlhs. I never
hint more than on piatch, and rolf
rally have watermelons fron the 1 Oth
July until frost.
By the above plan, T have r.ised,
I clay land, waicrielons weighing
orty-odd pounds, and in sandy, sity'
bWnds. In 1868 I ratiscd thlle) to
-eigh ias high as forty-seven pmuds
Vithoit enlough rain fromn the time
hey blooied until tihe melons ripen.
d to wet a cotton handkerchilef.
A cause was decided by tle United
tates Supreme Court saine days s'go,
rhich will, no doubt, create a sonsa
ion imotig holders of confiscated
iroporty itn thoeSouti, iany'of whoin
lado their piirohasea9wit-houtfully nnl
erstanding the law :on fie subject.
hA caise is - that ~Of BiAlew vs.
)eForkest, in which certaift real
state in Virginia was, soizmi, undet
ho confisctatluti - laws niidl old,- its
wner boing-adjudged guilty of t.rdt son.
Phat persoi having since died, his
ieirs brought' sttit in -jectment to
ecover the property. -' he claim was
.,sisted ovi the ground that the title of
-he original :owbor was forfeited byirhis
~reason, and his rights in -the proirty
boeroughily divested, But the IUnited
stats Supremne Court deeldo that it
as only his estate durhmig his life
bhich was divested, anid- siheen his
loath his heirs thuey ?eI-ovett the 'pro
~erty, The decisi~on fs in ndoord ined
vith clause t;wo, section three, ar'tieo
f the Constitution of the United
~tates/which says a "Oongress shall
anre power to declare the pune
iment of treasoth, -btvt' n attainder
i treason aball work co~ ruptih-of
)iood or forfeiture, except dur'ing
he life of the pers->n ttainted."
GREELEY-.ON TIEa SouTf AN Itab
iAJPEr-IiAGOF~Ja.-The .Now. ..York
2"rjbunc .saysi . "If tioo;, SouthW can.
imply, go gp .i qa hemis.going, for ten
eoars .lo'n~erg sh&'uyill bu. richer and
ioro prosperousthan ,shegeOr yeti has
egnK , It *pevlta of Vtheo KurLluix
8 one0: pf lAi gooprgep,7', (4. Q( the.
~carp6t-bagger#. 1st another., Itd ues.
nois the. Iatet precimely see *we Ao1
lhey IAre not tbhbnieet Notrthern aefr
era, whg9 cowe .a5pohng .us to-:muake
neir fiounes abd, to followdimuir leg iti,
nato busingsa, bu.t, in the hyguag:of
he -'/s/ee ill neypst-baggear9 .
thoso.,wbp : v~ept South tilj poest oC
flic9 py peyer,pr pledem~1ov oo'
a 1the :-ia.y of fiir grtokU~ og aib)lyi-n
?4:AOrI q Maes1Q)IA4Ihq aParise
aTi ista nt (ow days slooe,
p frn(patamatasreehig lit~th&
hant4 WA4rs u e ia E tdo When ide
ronfa oldine foder hinyadb
etoroed bya olitialn therlgive
The Crouwtt Lainev Riotn.
iioti-g Ce IIe to ht.v v eome
('rolic amliong: the1 miners va.nd othor
wokrlnn-i :fJ Ciee' 1, in V-me. It
hosq agaiin an id -: i bern nece-say to
cal inl the mhritaIr v. On Saturday
the d isturbne ic e:ato have beenl
quiteo seriols. ft, VC v 1w rep ted in
Paris at noon that ihe disordersl had
b )Cee l supprezss:d i-1 t pi e
re igned . JL.tel inl tilv OveninPg it was
anniouniedI0 that tio di'turbaice had
i.r.-d and tl:i. addit iniIal troops
had beenl sont thU bh-r. It wi%, w!d,1d
that the tron'hi! were lkept v ive by
contribitioni of monne frot &t e'r
cointries. Crelnzot ii oer1 1-f the
ertit eeiiics of th irou trado in
l'raieo. T c r i..t riet abounds with
cual and , and ti great factory
oined by the Se e 'eurmpigs not
frwer thnn ten thousnd men. Tt would
be wonderful if it proved true that
foreign workmen,e specilly thoso of
Oreat, Britain, were helpiug -to keep
Up tie strikce at. Crerv.t by contribu
timns of money. Livinug is ha per ii
tlanoo thaln Ihgund. Men ctn 1
;ot to wYork for lowe- wagee. Freolch
huu and fto.I can Lrefort Le sold
'hfitm i Si '~ n tinau of Graalii. lirit a in.
It' it he tru'O tht ile .trike it: Cre az't
i.; the result of a:uI endmia
tion, it will only confirm what we have
rftor rIepeated inl theso clumrins, that
Lth railroad and tellgrprh h'avu
paced Vie. vomIcn under entirely
II'W vondi irms - conditions whievh
rtlv I:' 0 i1(ably at iia distant day
he coiipleto revolution of .Europealn
meciot., Year by year it- becomes
mtre 6illiult f'r the inanal.iies and
loh oligarthies to koep down thie
ierce do cr'ady. A Ezzrof-an trado
'nibintation shows the poss ility of a
Itroponn p olitical cornbina'tion.
Senafor iorton I i tito thAt il
1789 (wthen noro rarery u'i ftd
at. rheO) ti )roductioiS f.
D).mingo i rce'd thI'i enorumii~ f.:re
f one hundr'd ami 1 yv milinaM
ars per tumum r ving q~ t2upiymert t
..%en Lundred veesel.i and twenty.
.-n thou~aid 'iimen,-facts whiih
1n,1 capaclt 's of he H an n oC-a in s
session thi-s no:Ein of (vh')e'bi.d red
itid 'fIft y 'iaI mirot rrodile tar woulid
soon be resLored. in coffee and sugar
flutje the( crops of t 0 -end within
teni . ears wouid r duie-, i' cost of
-offeo throughout the United States to
one-t hird it's preseen. prf, iad suigar
to one-half. Hiow and wny, thei is it
that. the Sonate opposes this treaty
which provides to senre us %his
isl-nd for a bagrtelle''--New Krk
J!"u IrRA I WAN TO VI RGINIA.-Oen
0ra1 Robert E. Lee write. to- aoloncl
Ellis, .Prosident ef the Virgniai
EmiiIration Soiet y "1inglishmen
need fear no hostility in Virginia, ind
in Iily opinioni, the iitiv.rn of no
foreign. country would ho more
Oritally receiVLd or i.ar.i y welcom
ed by her people than tihe inlaitatrats
of Great Britaii, and agriciultrists
f om that country would especially
fiide it'to their- advantage to , make
their home, amna ig us. *
I coueur with Professor Gold.
Wi'rn Smith in the advantages that
woild result to the State if thre tide
bf Enghls emigration coiuld b-> turned
towards her bornders :thioudh I think
lie is mnistaken as to ainy beniefits that
woubd arise from any address to them
sigrsed by mec. I hope you ma'y devise
some me-ins of attracting them South."
T1 nr ugT .a~ G urs.-The munieipal
elections pt C amdon \ tn.crday result
od "in 'tile sweepIing uaccess of 'thre
(Citizerns 'arty, wvho nleated their
full'tIdet by ~ smnll marjoriity. This
candidsitert havo beeni i, ini thre icld,.
Ofnd -it is a gocd omonur for the fut~ure
thatt victory perches oni our banners.
At ther Pi-esidenrtal election in 1863,
Caiadomi gave a Radical rnajority of
482 votes. Now, the friends of good
got'ornme-n'Yt, (ho' party of HIonesty aind
Equal flgts, defeat their opponents
by a majority of fourteen. T1his haes
been btecomplished by a union of all
the good people of Camden on. the
broad ph rttormn of the Citizens' Party.
- Charleston Newsg.
lIlom,8~ wKe lIonv.."-A threc..
legged t ortise was once caught. -near
A ensmioni island, branrded with the
barthe of Jerid Nelson by arilors, antd
earti'sd to ihoe~ itish (Chararel.' Two
ea rirn ftevenrdlrl thre r ama tortoise,
\vith.~ lhe sme Ig. iis-inrg an4dite
de hl aad, over 2,000 m1i~ lp rm
frM'lt in rb&k by foI1lli 'th'e
9.artir wattbref rlie Gulf Streent-. u
. h n~
4D$'fI3 , iggneh,ib.fer~ed
t ipri e to tieo expenrrieessi. .pLb3
hi radQ for tio past fifteen' eare, pi
tihev roetoohU1 ,ti&
ofty, because i6 "sent a ripple athwart
the sea c/ geneal staton.1'
Cur Own Pollicy.
The Winnsboru' News, which is still
of the opinioi that it is impossible to
k.p Federal polities ou-t of tle ll
Canvass or the June Convention, de.
vlares itself in favor of a new nati onal
party and calli upon the Charloton
News to show its hanid.
Upon the first point, it is auiliolent
t) -ay that Federal politics will be
kept out of the canvasi by (he out
spoken deteriiintion of the people to
select lnd s.staily for Stato and
e-.)utty oflico the best man whomf
they wan get, w) elier these men
voted for Grat or for Seymour in the
elecotion of 1863. There is nio Federal
i"Stue, direct or indirect, to be decided
ii the State canvass. All that we
have to do, and desire to do,- is to
pull down tihe bad and set u p the I
good, to remove corrupt aid in.
capable oficinh and replaco thein by 1
men who will ei've the publio faith
fully and well. Whites and blacks, i
Demiocratn and Republicanu, thiik <
and will work, together. 'Tho com- I
ion daiger i-as caiused disintero.zod
difoeretiecs of thought and habit to be C
set aside. Ouir one great want i-, an <
able and hones4 State Goveriiment..
To ebtain this is the aim al1 objct I
of the citIicns of the State. The con- I
veition to be held in JunIe next cal- I
no" tonech Federal polities. It, is a
convention, not of Democrats or Re-i
publionsi, but of the peoplo (of the I
State who are "in favor of a good
and hotiest governiment." This is
all. And tle conventioi, in our
judgement, can do no more than nom.
nate a State ticket, which shall promiso
some degree of secutrity iad prosperi
ty, and wihich shall stand a good
chince of clection. No thought, of Re
pullicanisi or Dermcracy ca govern
the deliberations of a convention
whose wise action is of the first impor
tanoe to every good citiken, whatever
his politics or iftao.
U m- Wi tinsboro' cont-emporary wish
ca t! Nra; to show its hand. This
ia eaily done. The policy of the
A ews is the prosperity of 'South Caro
lin.i. Thii call best be secured at
this Lime by avoiding both Deinocracy
and Reu~inim-C Ar. es.
'tile colored peoplo in re-me of the
more western Counties are forming
themselves into clubs in dead opposi- I
tioln to adicaism. Thliey are be- I
coming tired of thc cajolery of their c
pretended friends and would-be inas. I
ters, They see through it al now,
and have slipped the traces. A few
days since they hold a meeting in 1
Rutherford county, which was ed
dre.'smd by orators of tncir own color.
The Rldical leaders were denounced,
11nd the colored me0n were urged to
stand aboulder to shoulder . with tle
whites ini a grand effort to regenerate t
the State. Speed the cause.-Salem
(N. C.) Press.
A FA1nL.Y FiozEN; To DATt AND
Conmsumi an niiy Fii.-Chicauo, March
3u. -The Beio E rth City (M inn.-)
Post of tle 26th gives the' details of
the freezing to death- in the town of
Suly, Blue E trth-county, of the-wife
and three children of A. L. Bates.
Mr. Bates lived on the prairie, some
distance from any other habitation.
Duringr the prevalenc of a fierce
st'orm hiis lh oe took fire and was do- 1
stroye0d beforoi i..~i.taneio. could bo
obt ainaed to re move the famaily.
SCF.NE A'T 'rn. Wm-irn loruar..
There was gnite a gathering in the
tate-room of the White Houwe whent
thcq message and proclamation wore
signedl, I1aff the mf.nmbor, hlofreier1
being newspaper mna. An attachieI
ofa WVashinigton newepaper begged l
the President for the pen which the
(locu ments wore s~ign'ed, anid it wks
handed him. A venerable old gn-.
tiemian whlo was in the erowd cried4
Ont whien the' afilOi'neOeta'ent Was iacde
fthat tile negoe1Os could now vote hvery
w'here, "WollI, gentlemen,, yon'll al
beO (damln sorry for this '1".,e
'speaker was Dernt,8rq ther father-in
law of the P'resddent..
Tfn HPOrnt.An VO-r.-The1 Charless
ton News sttes that In oloeverConre~
ties of this St ate, there nufo white.
mnajoritiesi ran~ging fromt 20'. in Lain
caster, to 1,977 In Spartanburg, and
that in twenity tiangitig from 2 in
Marl',oro, to 8,002 -in Chiarlesaton, a
The total vote, of theoState, according
to the lot,. returne, is l'48,716, viz:
White 59,301,'and colored 8t0,4l5.
SvA-Aron Rovp.:.s.--.Mr. Th)orntoil,
the B i'ish iiistefy, has called up nl
fir, govelsarn antie latter fr he ro
eipient of numpro~tt'ibiiatiduis to
diodetu Arnd priv~te partidt& Hte I
i vitid to' dine with Nfr. an'Myst
she eporea ays.MAr. Suiuner hasi
p alon Mr lev topend thg
jThe~faiily oat taking a ataa1l.b fe
put pF 4 rqestein e~~o auddju
tn(oiapfaiA fr ~toJ sa'~4,
edtWdbath et e
da "Adle brain ithe #e~ Vibrk
Darky Jubilee 0 ver the Fifteenth Amend
Mr. George T. Downing, oysterman
And all that, appeared at the Ordnance
Departnent this morning, armed with
I requisition for powder and cannon,
July sipned by the Secretary of War.
Phe requisition being promptly filled
'he gallant oystorman and a host of
'upper tendom" darkys proceeded to
lake Washington noisy by firing a
'iational saluto over the fifteenth
inendment. This salute being fired
it Uncle Sani", expense, Downing hn
issuied an importance recently that
-ather outdoes Sumner himself. A
rrcat falling off, however, has been
toticed in the quality of Downing's
ysters, which is nocounted for in thle
'act that lie hsn taken to studying
Ind writing letters on the constitu
ion. His worthy father, it will be
.ciemberod, had a weakness in the
amo itay. 'resident Grant, howevor
a in high favor just now with the
olorod population. They hove, in
act, set him up i their great high
rIest-their real Moses, whose prais
.9 they will to-morrow sing in nil their
hurches in one grand hlileluah.
kndy Johnson, they say, after prom
Aiug to be their "Moses," snd get
hemii out of-the hi4 swamp, dumpod
hem down right in the middlo of it
nd there left them, while President
rant hais carried them clear over and
mlt them dowin safe on the other sido
if Jordtan.-Ncw Yo'rtk lIrald.
LIvRAty Cuitiosirivs.-A young
ady of an "accomphiehud education,'"
f course, addressed a letter to her
Aimininc cousin, residing in a neigh.
)oruig town, as followA :
"Deor Kustin the wether whar we
a air kold and rekon whar you is it
Lir k.-lder we awl is wol an inuther
las gott his Torricks and bruther Tom
ius gott the lluppin Kofi and Skter
5al has gott i Baby aid I hoap thOse
a lynes wil fine yu in the same kon
lishlun rito siune yore aphoekshunnto
This rema.inds us of a letter we saw
I urinig the hate war, fro i a young man
D liF''swethenialt" which ran "thus
".My D . Sryv An I take mi pen
.h sz li, .v k:, r io a f'i lyv'eu to
et ut nn fim. I ain iV..d 1.41 4;' -
aas bloak his laig ..a b ' a Al i .,..r
nick and i boap whei thoas fu lynes
oms to hand tha wil fine u enjoyin
he same blelssin."
Wuar.n SPICrs GRow.--Tho nut.
nog is the kernel of a large, hand.
0on i nt, I ke tle 11aln 11t. It is (-i
losed in tile same sort of a spongy
out. a1s the walnut ; Ie hmuk opens at
>no end when the fruit is ripo.
Mace is that which is found be
,wuon the coat of tho nutmeg and the
(itifmanton is the dfied barc of a
rce wvfioh grows in the Eist Indies
and the Island of Ceylon.
Pepper is the product of a creoping
alaft Whioh grows in Java, Suminatra
Giuger is the root of a plant which
;rows in the East Indies,
Cloves aio the buds of a tree which
;rows in Malacca.
Caraway is the seed of a plant
growing wild iat thisconr ad
A QuPun PISOn.-A prisoner in
Detroit Court, whien asked where lie
iv'edy r'egi'd; '"JUve? Live ? Ii
ive in the regions of etorna1 bliss.
wn a farm of a thousand noren thertt.
plough my land withI angeis. and
use cabbages, cabbages, oahbagen,
>cets, beets, beets. You're a cabbarge
-you're a beet-you're en angl
ore a horse-yon're a bor.
~on'rd att ass-a~n ns-an ass I
Whoop !" "Ie yonr father living ?"
'I'm mfy own father. I'm the father
>f a'll n'ations 9' "THave you got any
nother'V' "Yes,- foung man. Yes,
foung man ; lots of 'elli; ton of 'cm.
Eou look as though you needed a'
nother. You want nursing ; you ain't
inoalthy. .My mother shall bo your
ulothers, all .of 'em. I'll be your
ather'. 'Ohild of' mordity, ombraco
rotr heavenly father." Ife proved
o be an escaped ltinatie.
SUceones o' TIlP, PosTarL Te.E
derA(Sys'I.M rN EOUoPE.-Aecord
rig to the oflicial statements of' the'
?reach and English teleograophio ad..
ninistrations the new system h as pgov,
da amecoess f.ntr excee dihg , the most
anguhie expectations of its oriia
oru id promotdrn. Adenotmous
ner-tee of trafils has resulted fr'onw
he .latest rednotion.of the tarIdf. ,Jn
[Wragga ime. iprata Ag p forty
iunoet dint atho ryho of. jeies.
agep eid two peob diet.- In tm rieipts
indo" the 'redetibot.' 'Ile" adl'Vleetg
ronthb J66rIiih Postlftoe hav~e elst,
bemof tbeatnost;4atisfbctory Jeherae-.
II Adt' ofa ##ta~r 07en
bhooted tih asage "Go than anid do
Ibeins.-Tie man with good firm
health, is rich.
So is the man with a clear con,
So is the parent of vigorous, happy
So is the editor with a good papoe
and big subscription list.
So is the clergyman whoso coat thd
little children of his parish pluck as
he passes them at their play.
So is the wife who lias thd whold
heart of her husband.
So is the ilaiden whose horizon is
not bound by the "'coming man," but
who has a purpose in life, whether she
ever met him or not.
So is the young man, who, laying
his hand on his lieart, can say I have
treated every woman I ever saw as I
should wish my sister treated by oth
So is the little child who goes to
sloep with a kiss on hiR lips, and for
whose waking a blessing waits.
From the results of the late e
tion in New lampshire, indeed, ad
well as from the introduction of this
negro element into all the other'
Northern States, the prospect of the
democracy for revolutionizing the
next (ongress is iot very encourag
In New IHampshire the doinoe-atio
party was drawn upon in the late elec
tion to such an extent by the now la
bor reform party as to suggest the ap.
proaching disintegration and dissolu
tion of the old concern. And why
not., when all the old issuos upon
which the party has bcen fighting so
long ai, d so disastrou-:ly are all dead
and gone, including State sovoreigntyi
--N. Y. lleral1.1.
The Presidcn. responding to a
serenade by a negro club, said: "1
can assure those preciet, that no con-'
summation Pinco the close of the wai4
alrordi ino so inuch pleasure as the
ratification of the Fifteenth Amend
ment to the Constitution by three
fourths of the States of the Union. I
have felt the greatest anxiety ever
8inde I was called to this house; to
know that that this was to be secured.
It took like the realiztition of the
Decolaration of Independence. I can
not uay nuw so much oo this subject'
as I would like toj not bcing acous)
tomod to public speaking, but I thank
you for your prosonce this eveniog"
Major Oonofal Goorgo II. Thomas
died in San Franciseo in the 54th
year of his age. He wits struck dowd
with apuplexy on Monday, and died
in less than Aix hors. The death of
this distinguislied soldier prodcoed
great emotion in California and at
Washimngton. In San Francisco the
department headquarters were draped
in inobrning, and the flags on the
shipping fortifications and principal
buildings wore at half-mnabt. The
The New Orleans Imes says that
ever sired the termination of the war
the miid of the Ion. Pierre Soule
has been settled, but dfring. the last
twu years it has beeo oonpletely un
hinged. 'the once great orator. un
equaled advocate, ncoorplished jurist
and echolar, dwindled into A he pless
and hopeless imbecile,.and passead th'
las', t wo years of his life' in the most
frit'ilous arm ndim~ee nmanifestations
of the complete overthrow of his once'
SPA IN.-An important rumor is pub
lished in' the 1/>cria, a Madrid paper.
It ia toe the oeect that John Brightt is
abotit to undettake the restoration of
Gibraltar to Spain The groat for
tress pa~~sd into the hands of the
British in 1713, and thdugih the
Spaniards have made several attempts
by force to retake it, tbey have always
James Fisk, ,Jr., has madeo ; pVopo.
sition to the citizens of Brattleboiroy
Vt., to cover the enttre bumrned din-'
trict in that villag6 w*ith an elegant
blook, inoladimg an immense h'otel and
a dorsenior inore fin'e storer.- Brattle.
boro harbordd Fisk when he was a'
'1he Gcrmian Goological Society has'
'eoived a report upofi the groat salt,
bed lately discoveored at S urenborg9
thirty udles from Berlin. One layer
of pure salt, 2,547 foot ini thickness9
i's reached withime a short distanoev
loern than 3'00 feet, froin the surface.
' On afonday last there was a telillos'
1sail storin in Cuthbo'tt, Gorgia. Jaji
stones were foad four honrs afto'r they
fell, an inoik in diameter.. TIhis stornik
stingk 'b,*son mn 'Tuody. f2The hail'
*toenm in fthat sution& wer ' ^. largo adf
4) O:Qow e a am o1~ ('otinV
the wo~uhd stike~ thme mothe' .ofbI
ob jrota'deserves to' be, shod .whh
Vi niin aid 'pomi d 'to Wander
~ ecliftd' weas .bora in )ontghtony,
rleb,,'-abort g hse with the
or's dit'ous were o 41a phsi~
n4 Oineoiati,oa Fg $5