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VOLf 111.] WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, APRIL 27, 1870. [NO.4
18 PnLISIISD WEEKI.Y BY
DESPORTES. WILLIAMS & 00
Terms.-Tits IIERnALD Is publishod Week
y In the Town of Winnsboro, at 63.00 in
vareably in advance.
V&" All transient advertisements to be
paid in advance.
Obituary Notices and Tributes $1.00 per
TIE MA1lRTYl OF THE SOUT1[
There is a gloom to-day in Charles
It is not often that a great city
feels, but when this great heart of
humanity, whose every pulsation is a
life, can feel, the result is more terri.
ble than the bloodiest battle. Yes,
when those arteries of a eity, its
streets, and lanes, and alloys, thrill
with the same feeling; -when, like an
electric chain, it darts invisibly from
one breast to another, until it swells
ten thousand hearts, the result is ter.
I care not whether that result is
manifested in a Riot, that fills the
streets with the blood of then, and
women, and little children, that- fires
the roof over the head of the iunocent,
or sends the Church of God whirling
in smoke and flhme to the midnight
sky ; or whether that feeling is mani
festd in the silence of thousandc . the
stealthy footstep, still it is a fearful
thing to see.
There is a gloom to-day in Charles.
A dead awe reigns over the .city.
Every face you see is stamped with
gloom ; eion go ilently by, with
anguist in theit hearts and eyes.
Women are weeping in their darken.
ed chambers, in yonder church old
men are kneeling before the altar,
praying, in low, deep, muttorred
The very soldiers whom you meet,
elad in their British uniform, viear
sadness on their faces. These men,
to whom murder is sport, are
gloomy to-day. The citizens pass
hurriedly to and fro ; cluster in
groups ; whisper together ; glide
ailetly-int* thoir.hones. .
The stores ate closed to-day, as
thongh it were Sunday. The win
dows of those houses are closed as
thodgh some great man were dead ;
there is silence in the air, as though
a plague had despoiled the town of its
beauty and its manhood.
The British banner-stained as it is
with the best blood of the Palmetto
8tate-seems to partake of the influ
once of the hour ; for, floating from
yonder staff, it dogs not swell buoy.
antly -upon the breeze, but drops
heavily to the ground.
The.only sound you hear save the
hurried tread of the citizens, is th3
low, solemn notes of the Dead March,
groaning fro'-inufled dtrums.
,Why all this,gloom, that oppresses
the heart and fills. the eyes ? Why
do Whig and Tqi-y, citizen and sold
dier, share 'this gloom alike ? Why
this silenee, this aive, this dread ?
Look yonder, and In the centre cf
that common, deserted by every
human thing, behold-rioing in lonely
hideousness-behold, a Gallows.
Why does that gibbet stand there,
blackening in the morning sun ?
Come with me into yonder mansion
whose 'roof arises proudly over all
other roofs. -Up these earpeted
stairs, into this luxurious chamnber,
whose windows are darkened by hang
ings of satin, whose walls are -covered
with tapestry, whose fonor is orowdled
with elegant furniture. All is silent
in this chamber.
A single glow of morning, light
steals thro' the parted ea.rta;ins of
yonder window. Bieside that w!umlow,
with his back to the light, his facs in
shadow, as though he wished to hide
certain dark thoughts from the light,
sits a young man, his handsome form
afra yed in a British uniform.
Hie is youn g, but there is the gloom
of age upon that woven brow, there
is the resolve of murder upon that
ourling lip.' His attitude is signifi.
ospt, His bead inclined to one- side,
thes cheek resting on the left band,
while the right grasps. a parehmeont,
whioh bears hisignature~ the iak not
,Tat.p.rh ^Ia a dehharrant,
you:~. will loyvk closely upon that
'red imilform you will asee that it bt
stainyl of Paoll, wbere th'e- cry foi
aswor4 apddhbeking.byQet.' :yes
this Is none otherAtb.n General Grey
-othe Butoher of:Flaolij transformed by
the 'delsdeof si KInginto Lr
* W,lildag.4ex.,iby , h uyidotr
graspng41separcmenO bp and
-h bodoor ofene,4eteadgegroupe tetsM
200Lh3 elI u an
gi, .widrbu.w rln'g use, on
his yoo de
,w o o
curls, clustering about his fair coun
tenance. You can see that dark ey
flash, that lower lip quiver, as h
silently confronts Lord Rawdon.
The woman-I use that word, for t
me it expresses all that is pure i
passion, or holy in humanity, whil
your word-lady-means nothing bu
ribbons and millinery-tho woma
advances, and encircled by thes
children, stands before the gloom
'I have come,' she speaks in at voic
that strikes you with its music an
tenderness, 'I have come to plead fe
my brother's life 1'
She does not sany, behold my brol
cr's children, but there are, and th
English lord beholds them. Teai
are coursing down the cheeks of thos
little girls, but the eye of the womi
is not dim. The boy of thirteen look
intently in the face of. the Briton, hi
under lip quivers like a leaf.
For a single moment that prou
lord raises his head and surveys th
group, and then you hear his deep ye
'Madam, your brother swore al
logiance to his Majesty, and wa
afterwards taken in arms against hi
King. le is guilty of Treason, ani
must endure the penalty, and that, a
)ou well know, is Death.'
'But, my lord,' said the brave we
man, standing erect, her beauty shin
ing more serenely in that moment o
he.cism, 'You well know the ciroum
stances unner which he swore alle
gianee. He, a citizen of South Carc
lina, an A merican, was dragged fron
the bedside of a dying wife, and hur
ned to Charleston, where this tan
guage was held by your officers
'Take the oath of allegiance and re
turn to the bedside of your dyij
wife : Refuse and we will consigi
you to goal 1' This, my lord, no
when he was free to act, ah no ! Bu
when his wife lay dying of that foar
ful disease-small pox-which hat
already destroyed two of his children
How could he act otherwise than h
did ? how could he refuse to tak<
your oath I In his ease, would you
my lord, would any man, refuse to do
Still the silent children stood ther<
before hin, while the. clear voice o
the true woman pierced hi's soul.
'Your brother is condemned tc
death !' he coldly said, turning hi
head away. He dies at noon, can d
nothing for you !'
Silently the woman, holding a littl
girl by each hand, sank on her knees
but the boy of thirteen stood erect
Do you bee that group 1 Those hand
upraised, those voices, the clear voici
of the woman, the infantile tones o
those sweet g.rls, miugling in one er,
for 'Mercy 1' while the Briton look,
upon them with a face of iron, an<
the boy of thirteen stands erect, no
tear in his eye, but a convulsive trem
or on his lip i
Then the tears of that woman comi
at last-then as the face of that steri
man glooms before her, takes the lit
tlo hands of the girls within her own
and lifts them to his knee, and beg
him to spare the father's life.
Not a word from the English Lord
The boy still firm, erect and silent
no tear dims the eye whiah glare
steadily in the face of the tyrant.
'Ab, you relent l' shrieks that si
ter of the condemned man. 'Yi
will not deprive these children of
father-you will not cut him off In th
prime of mhanhood, by this hideou
death I As you hope for mercy i
your last hoar, be merciful now
spare my brother, and not a heart i
Cherleston but will bla you-apar
Ihini for the sake of these children I'
I'Madam,' was'the cold reply, 'yeu
brother has been condemned to die
I can do nothing for you I'
IHe tiurned away, and held tb
parchment before his eyes. At lam
the stern heart of the boy was moltetl
There was a spasmodic motion abet
his chest his limbs shook, lie stood fc
a moment like a statue, and then fel
on his knees, seizing the right handc
lord Rawdon with his trembling fir
- Lord Rawdon looked down upo
that young face, shadowed with ohe.'
nut curls, as the small bands blutehe
his wrist, and an expression of surpris
camne over-his fuce.
'My oblld,' said he, 'I can do noti
The boy silently rose. He took
sister by each ha.nd, There was
**ild look in his young eye-a soer;
of defiance on his lip.
'Come, sisters, let us go.'
He said this, and led those fal
gIels toward the door, followed by tb
sister of the condemned, Not a~ wor
was said-but ore they passed froi
the room, that true woman looke
p bk"into the .face .of Lord Raw
H6negver forgot that lookc.
They were gpne, from the rosai
dJ.shaed aloqe bpfores.t, wIt
~d~~th~t apglIght y pQgri1 y
a ncesarytoma ,
example I. This. rebeltlon must'
oued $prbesmpwgt submIi
strie tero Into their heartp
will:l*rist,Ahat treason is noj
Peor Lord a&ddd e ol d
e The streets were now utterly deser
0 ted. Not a citiron, a soldier, nor evo
a negro was seen. A silence lik
o death rested upon the city.
n Suddenly the sound of the dea
e march was board, and yonder behol
t the only evidence of life through
0 out this wide city.
0 On yonder common, around th
Y gibbet, is gathered (a strangely con
t;rastod crowd. There is the negro
0 the outcast of society, the Britisl
d oficer in his uniform, the citizen ii
r hs plain dross. All are grouped to
gethor in that crowd.
In the contre of the dense nass
0 beside that horse and cart, one fool
' on that coflin of pine, stands the onl:
0 man in this crowd with an uncoveret
n- brow. He stands there, an image o
a mature manhood, with a musoulai
3 form, a clear, full eye, a bold fore
head. His check is not pale, nor ii:
I eye dim. He is dressed neatly in t
D suit of dark velvet, made after the
t fashion of his time ;one band insertoc
in his vest, rasts on his heart.
Above his head dangles the rope
s Near his back stands that figure with
e the oraped face ; around the British
toldiers, seperate the condemned froi
a the crowd. Among all that rude
band of soldiers, not an eye but is wel
- with tears.
- The bravo officer there, who hat
charge of the murder, pulls hi
- chapeau over his oyes, to shield then
from the sun, or--can it be ?--to hid<
All is ready,. le has bidden the
last farewell to his sister, his childret
- in yonder goal ; he has said his last
- word to his noble boy, pressed his Iasi
kiss upon the lips of those fair girls.
All is ready for the murder.
i A t this moment a-citizen advances,
t his face convulsed with emotion
t 'flayne, he speaks in a choking
voice, 'show them how an American
can die 1'
- '1 will endeavor to do so,' was the
3 reply of the doomed man.
3 At this moment the hangman advan.
cod, and placed the cap over his brow,
3 A cry was heard in the crowd, a foot,
stop, and those soldiers shrank bauk
3 before a boy of thirteen wh<
'Father 1' he shrieked, aWho betrld
the condemned with the cap over lii
One groan sros.s from that crowd
a simultaneous expression of horror.
The father drew his cap from hit
brow behold the wild face, the glaring
e eyes his of son.
'God ble.s you my boy,' he spoke
gathering that young form to hii
heart. 'Now go, and leave your fathei
to his fate. Return when I am dead
S-- eceivo my body, and have it buriec
by my forefathers 1'
As the boy turned and went througl
tire crowd, the father stepped firmil
into the cart.
There was a pause, as though ever
man in that crowd was suddenl;
turned to stone.
The boy looked back but once, onlj
' once, and then behold.-ah, I dare no
speak it, for it chills'the blood in tht
veins-lie beheld 'that manly forn
' suspended to the gibbet; with the ea
over his brow, while the distortec
face glowed horribly in the sun.
"That was his Father.
That boy did not shriek, tnor groan
but instantly-like a light oxtin
guished suddenly--the fire left hi:
eye, the color his cheek. His lipi
opened inl a silly smile. The firs
-word ho uttered told the story
a 'My father 1' he cried, and - thei
e pointed to the body and broke Into
r - ', it was horrible, that laugh,' s
* hollow, shrill and wild. The child o
the martyr was an idiot.
Still, as the crowd gathmared rounm
it him, as keind hands bore him away
'that palo face was turned over thi
Sshoulder toward the gallows.
S 'My Father.'
And still that laugh was born,
upon the breeze, even to the gibbet'
timbom s, whero in hideous mockery,
blackenod but not dishonored thin~
swung the body of the martyr iTayne,
-Tsdeath will strike terror it
the hearts of the rebels t
Did that man, in his fine unlforni
'forget that the voice of a martyr's blooc
can never diet
S This death will strike terror into th
'hearts of the rebels.
a 16i roused one feeling of adhoirreno
thro''the whole South, It took diw
a thousanud rifles from thle hookA abov
r the fireside hearth. 16 turnad'inan
ea doubting heart to the~ easee c
freed6m.; nay, Tot-les by hmimdded
egrm~e flooking to the earn pof'lihty
- The blood of" flagey took root h
r1W Into an ahnmy
e.4M . Theo.dame arhkyi$p0
si IHee w.ketp*o1nap deleg
as in the naar~
Parliament, would have juttfled the
deed. The law of nations would have
proclaimed it a holy not, 'But how did
a Washington act I
He left each murderer to God and
his own conscience. le showed the
whole world a sublime mattlfest.ation
of forgivness and scorn. Forgivness
for this humiliated Cornwallis, who
so far from bearing Wibhington
home to London a prisoner. in. chains,
was now a conquered man in the midst
of his captive army.
Put this Lord Rawdot,: 1tio cap
tured by a French vessel, was brought
into Yorktown, this arrested mur
derer ; who skulked about the camp,
the object of universal loathing, how
did Washington treat him t
He scorned him too much to lay a
hand upon his head ; from the fullness
of contempt he permitted him to live
Poor Lord Rawdon I
Who hears his name now, save as an
object, forgotten in the universality of
Bat the Martyr-where ia the heart
that does not throb at the mnention of
his fate, at the name of Isnae IIayne?
The Need of Retrenchment and Reform.
A day or two before the adjourn
ment of the State. Legislature on the
first of March last, Senator Leslie,
who is nothing if not a iadical, made
a vigorous attack upon tile State Gov
erntuent, and declared tihot "the Ap.|
propri;tion Bill . alone, if any one
would criticise it trutbfully and show
it up as it should be done, would
damn every one" of tho loaders of.
the Radical party. How fta even the
amounts set dotii in an Appropria
iion Bill will cover'tho xlensea of; a1
year, none but a RadicalaFflioial can
know. In some cases, haowever, a
wink is as good as a nod,ai d as Sena
tor Leslie a tid, without copi radict ion,
that the Goet of the legislative session
would be at lesst two hunaiel thous
and dollar4, and the approiriation for
the purpose was just one liundred and
forty thousatAd d..aiars, itti only rea
rouablo to look for a lnrge. defciency
in that quarter, and, ato, in other
direct-ions. Indeed, the ' Appropria
tion Bill hints that somethinR of the
sort may be expeoted, and-"provides
twenty thousand dollars nt toeet the
da4!prQy".,lni . }ho ip "",.!oq_..Wo
legislative purposes in the preceding
year. ' 1at it umay not to right to as
sume beforehand that the different !
departments will spend more than is'
authorized by law, and a plain com
parison of what is granted this year
with what was granted for,the fear
1867 must be foir, and will certainly
The whole expenses (.ciording to
the Appropriation Bill) of the year
1867, were $314,580, against (exolu
sive of interest) $721,169 for the"
year now current. This is a good
beginning, and a comparative table
will best show where the enormous
increase has been:
Governor,-, $ 3,500 $ 3,500
" Secretary 1,200 2,000
State, 500 8,000
and Index " 8,000
Adjutant-General " 2,500
Ass't A djutant
General " ,500~
eral 2,500 8,000
oral Clerk " 1,000
Treasurer 3,200. 2,500
SClar1kn " 3,600
'Auditor ." 2,500
" Clerk 1,000
Chief Constable " 1,500
Chief Justice 8,500 4,000
tices " 7,000
SCircuit Judges 80,000 28,000
* Solicitors 4,500 8,000
i Attorney-Gen'I 1,100 3,000
" Clerk " 1,0001
Oterk of Supreme
SCourt 800 1,500
Super't of Pen
. tentiary 4 2,000
Health Olieers " 8,900
tors " 31,500
0 Code Oommis*
*SifoeA . 10,500~
Com'rs 5 1,500
eLnd Com'r " 2,000
Under. this head of malatils, the
grs ameets are swollen from $50,
Sin threeq y . This i s.b opt of
th*qnwv o (bi4gh~ as )ogwbi
baya b.teh(e age $iPQetIe200
ft ~ ~~J
1867. 1870 '
Penitentiary " $ 80,000
Lunatic Asylum "f 10,000
ing" " 10,000
New State House " 30,000
Oovernor's Mansion 1 f,000
Vault of Cowp'ler " 5,00(1
We cheerfully admit that the Tni
versity buildings must be kept from.
tumbling down, and that the P onlten.
tiary should not go to ruin ; but in
the present condition of the State,
what can justify an expenditure of
$14,000 for building and repairs, in
oluding $5000 for the comfort and
convenience of his Excellency Gov
printing $48,000 $125,000
1809 " 19.790
This is what Senator Lisaie hinted
at. The whole cost of the Legislature
for 1867 was estimated at $43,000.
Its cost in 1870 is set down at $125,
EDTCATIONA. AND MILITARY.
Free Schools $25,000 $ 50,0001
University 11,000 25,000
The State at this time is in a con-it
dition of profound peace ; yet it is
proposed to spend $50,000 for organi.
sing the militia. The whole of this r
large amount might have been saved
to the people.
Bringing together the expenditures
under the different heads, we have:
Salaries $ 50,800 $167,800
Funds 25,000 84,000
F500118&- - - * 1'40,000
penses 48,000 144,000
Militia 36.000 125,000
Total $104,80 $611,8c0
Put in another shape, the estimated
general expenses for the year 1870
are more than four times as much as
the estimated expenses for 1867.
Where $150,000 was sufficient three
years ago, m)re than $600,000 is now
drained from the pockets of the peo.
pie, . Well might Senator Leslio fear
the effect upon the people of an ex
posuro of their monstrous extrava
gance. It may not dispatch to Hades,
as Mr. Leslie thoughtfully, suggests,
all th4 leaders of his party, but it is
enough to convince the people of the
absolute necessity of Retrenchment
and Reform. And these they can
only obtaln through the victory, at
the polls. in October, of the Citizen's
Reform Party.-Charlesoton News.
iiA*, E.sTra s TA NSAoIoN.--Th0so
who, have sacrificed thmemselves and
their own fortunes in the service of
our beloved State, by accepting office.
In these soul-trying times, are, by
somne mysterious dispensation of an
inscrutable Providence, receiving
their rewards, They are prospering
as only the righteous can. Valuable1
residences in Columbia are rapidly J
passng ntotheir possession, although
beoetheir struggles and sacri6ices
for- the common weal they were as
dimeless as the rest of us. Mr.
Denny, State printer, ha. purchased
Mr. Scarborough's large residence.
Mr. Neagle has bought the Blanton
Duncan house onG ervais street--one of
the finest residences int Columbia.
Tis activity in real estate Is gratify.
Ing, and shows life. Our community
rejoice In it as an evidence of business
prosperity ; although these newly
eniriebed patriotis themselves, person
ally, are not the most popular, social
ly speaking. The prices paid are said
to be liberal.-Carleston Newsw.
The New York World thinks that
few persons who have not actually:
looked over the ground can form insy
adequate idea of the growth of the.
Westero States ait this time, especial
ly of those west of the Mississippi
iWer. Iowa and MIhsoourt are laying
the foundations of States, which will
shortly eontMithessaulth, population
and4 *toe% bPf:evnPres, N4ot lets
than, 2 ilsa 1road at-e at
pt____oo ot ' hStatei of
Mies1qi , ow A een
Moti r 4Wpktee g
Promise and I'orfornanoo.
If' the financial secrets of the pro
sent State tovernment could not be
laid bare, as, at no distant day, they
assuredly will be, the people would
with one voice demand that waste and
extravagance should cease, and that
our public affairs should be condu,t"
ed, us of old, with honoty, economy
and efficiency. In duo time the trans
actions of the Land Commission, of
the Financial Agency in Now York,
of the Bureau of Agricultural Statis
ties, and other lindred instittitions.
will be exposed and explained, and
then only will it be known how far
the State has been plunged into debt
by these throo years cit reckless spend
mg. The facts and figures which the
State officials make public, and whose
!orrectnoss cannot be gain-said, aro
mteresting reading, all the same ; for
3vent they chow that the one great
iced of the State-for merchant and
nechanio, artisan and laborer, poor
tad rich, gentle and simple-is that
onost, intelligent, and frugal govern
nent, which can only be obtained by
he triumph at the polls of the Citi
:ons' Rleform Party.
In his report submitted to the Leg
slaturo in October 31, 1868, the
Jomptroller-Genoral, himself ,i Radi
al, submitted his estimate of the
'aount of money which would be
ieeded for carrying on the Stato
lovernment during the year ending
)stober Sat.; 1869. ''his estimate
was carefully prepared, and was
'deemed sufficient (by the Comptrol.
ar-General) to pay the current ex
>enses of the Stato Government."
ouiparing this estimate of what, was
'deemed suflicient" for tia year end
ng October 31, 1869, with the amount
otually spent during ihat period, the
axpayers may soe for thomselves
ow far the prosent government ful.
ls its promises, and husbands the
osourceos of the State :
What should What actual
have been ly was spentl
calarios $ 86,200 $137,501
'ay and Expen
i'es of the Leg
islature 140,000 182,608
Funds 18,500 43,382
In the three items of salaries, leg
slative expenses and contingent funds
-the "pin money" of the depart.
nents-the increase is, in round nun
ier:, $120,000, and nearly one-half of
his lurge amount is chargeable t: the
wollen pay of the State oficials.
What should What actual
have Uean ly was spent !
Expenses $ 60,000 $ 72,347
Iaimt 10,000 12,168
lum i 20,500 14,984
and Blind 8,G00 2,000
Penitentiary 92,298 86,300
Juarantine 3,000 9,816
Jonviots 1,200 699
dians 1,200 1,200
Force 12,000 11,954
Debt 829,492 529,269
It. will be observed that in some
atanees the outlay was less than thie
,stifinates. This, however, is chiefly
he osse wttth the Lunatic Asylum anid
b'Dqaf, Da"mb and linid. These
,harities are stinted, in order that
iroars of interest may be paid-,rot
~or the advantage of the people, but
or the benefit of speculators in and
ut of offioe.
In addition to the amounts already
et down, the following sums were
poent for which the 3omiptroler-Gen-.
eral made no estimate at all
Not estimated for
idlections $ 24,884
Pree Sehools 89,023
Dosnty School Comm rismsion. 2,9
I'ennsiotnt Poor 12,050
(Jommilttee of Investigation
3d Congressional District 10,281
State Orphan Asylum 8,657
Cnsus Taker. 48,324
To some of these amounts no o'
seetion can be made i but what will
be.maid of tbe $10,000 pauid for favos
tigating the condition of the Third
Congressional District, the $18,000
for printing, thie$20,00o for the State
house, and their like?i
Grouping the different amounts to.
geotheri't fis found that the etimates
for thp .7ar, e&dr.$h pp
t~4i.u doif6, .w.u of1
* #*4ble $p ,per#e
For the masses of the people, thd
argument against "passive resistance,"
and in favor of an energetic effort to
obtain a bettor government, is both
short and simple. That argument is
---The enormous increase of the State
debt, the enormous cost of the State
Government, atid the onotmous taxa
tion, which increased debt and lia
creased expenses make absolutely ne
oessary. Can any man who looks at
the figures doubt that unless we haVe
a purer and more frugal administra
tion, the State will be hopelessly ruin
1. The appropriation for the e.
pen-iss of State Govertutment was
$420,000 in 1866, and is $720,000 in
1870, exclusive of the interest on the
public debt. Besides this, there is
coinity tax, amounting to more than
$500,000, and the capitation tax
amountitig to $200,000.
2. The salaries of the State officials
were $50,800 in 1867, and are $167
800 in 1870.
8. Tho estimate of the Comptrol,
Ier-General for the expenses of the
year 1859, under specified heads, was
$777,300. But the amount aotuQlly
spent was $1,296,752. And this does
not include the $200,000 spent by the
4. To make a long story short--the
debt of the State, direct and indiroot,
which was six million dollars in 1868,
is now fourteen million dollars.
Ilo,v can any one, in the faO of
figures like these, advise his fellow
citizens to practice a masterly in av.
tivity, and wait patiently until some
peaceful revolution shall not only
hurl R:tdioalism from power, but wipe
out, besides, the lotig roll of debt and
taxation 1 The only thing which can
save the State and the people is a
change of government at the neit
election. We cannot affort& to wait,
for if the struggle wore rastponed
two years longer the taxatou would
be so enormous that neither com
moroo nor agriculture could thrive
and prosper. And thou the only
"passive resistance" remaining to the
people would be a general Exodus
from a State which was ruined, l es
by the act of Ler.enemaies than by tbo
obstinate folly of a few of her own
EAT AND W E8T.-.-Tbe'Ba1t1more
Gazette has litttle hope of a reaction
in the West so long as New England
rules that part of the country, as well
as the South, by emissaries called
Senators and Congressmen. The Ga.
"We have no faith whatever ist
anything the Western people can do,
until they make an entire change in
their representatives, When they
send to Congress Western men-men
racy of the ideas-a diffrrent system
of finane and a better system of
revenuo may possibly be carried into
effect. At present, by dint of persis
tent self-assertion, and by insidious
political combinations for purely sel
fish ends, the East is paramount in
Congress, and will continue to carry
matters there with a high hand until
its ascendant is succesfally disputed,
and the advocates of monopolies are
put down by men who will not aban
don thteir convictions of what is beat
for the welfare of the whole country,
to servo the intercsts of party and te
greed of cliques and speculators. Bub
that time htas not yet come."
MitsR8ISPANA.-Trhe New York
Wlorld htas these two anecdotes relat
ing to the two persons now represent
ing Mississippi in the Senate of the
,.Those are two cheerful ineidents
connected with the seating of the
Mississippi senators. First, Ames's
credentials, which read thus: 'I,
Adelbert Autos, Brevet Major-Gone
ral, United States armuy, Provisional
Governor of thte 8tate of Mississippi,
do hereby certify that A idelbert Atvmen
was elected United States Senator by
the Legislature of this State ont the
18th day of January, 1870.' And
the second little joke Is that Sumner
and seome of that kidney were very
anxious the ntg ro lately brought Iito
the Senate should have the exaot
place formerly occupied by Mr, Da
via, and, accordingly, waited on Mr.
Ross, who occupies that seat, with a
request that he should vaeate MAnd
do you want a seat,' aid MPs Eouh as
reported, in substance, *for the tera
you have brought in 2' 'Yes.' 'And
want me to Vadate to pat hI t nt'
'Yes,' (this in a phrenetid tone fromn
Sumner, with -a deep gargle abut
eksi rights, g-ry to.) 'The I'l
see you and th er d-- tst/'qmMoh
Ress; whereby the ge-.orf af ;4410
casion catne to naught" ' -.
Kidid's burled treasure is rep otted
to have been foupa *gaits,.th1. .tian
an Staten Islan4w-.Thteediso*vatstria.
made'byA ,it5san ofnB1osilhle, while
'digging 10 1ls gardent oth Sia dayyst,
'op4perb ooIi, 'wosy ..n~ MOQu Wa0
4xpetter an&. *pJgito 9r