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WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY 1MORNN Y1 17[
, :. THI
38 4 1'UDt.18H1tD, Wr.KKLY flY
DESPORTES. sWILLIAMS & (0
-Fjnps.--Tun litnA& is published Week
yiT the-Town bfWinfisboro, at.$$,00 in
r palCnt~ adverlisemoents . to be
pa ad ance.
Obituary Notices and Tributes'$L.00 per
Wb teshoulai man 1eslte to leave ?
A "ttslesswork ; a-nools life ;' .,
Some music harmonised fron strife,
Sopse ,ish'd thing, ere the slack hands at
Yrop', should be his to leave.
One goim of song, defying age:.
A hqrMwon fight ; a well..work'd farm ;
lw no guile cani twist to harm;
S 6'ti, 'as driThiokeray's brighf, or
As the just ltallaw's page.
Or, in Ie'' ho's .'mi,anest spat,
'Tr itikethe o1role Qf his'yets ;
-A pert6ettaree th'ough joys and tears.
Leastlg a,ppre 1ame to be known' or not
This,ip ta;'ue mau's lot.
lid didsrhe1e0es the-deed,' or name,
A gift fofeter to his land,
It trust to frie Iship's-guar-lian hand,
Bougi 'gaips a.adverse shocks to keep his
Qr to tl36 *o'd 1i6olaiw.
But tihe imperfect, thing of thought-.
Thue fervid yeast iness.of youth,
The dubioue doubt, the twilight truth,
The work 'that for the" passltg day was
The scheme thatcahn'f6 inought.
The el;eoh half-wsy 'twixt verse and prose
ha. mioks fie Anisli'd picture true,
'the 'pllitera *hence the statue grew,
The Peaffolding-'neath which the palace
Anud arooltloa-oyoor 1iboth.:
In kind Oblivion let. them'be i
Norhas,the'dead worse foe thka he
Who rakes .hese sweepings of the artist's
And piles them on his tomb.
Ah, 'tie but litt.le4hat the best,
,'rail.ohildren of a fleeting hou't,
Can leavo of perfect frit, er:iower.
Ah, let all. else be graotopsly supprest
Whon man lles dOwn to rat t
-- Ottop Manufhotaa,a
The report of the Comn wjttee on
Cotton Mdifabt'tno bel tlued for,
was rbad by' Col. J. B. Palmer, as fol
The Committee -d the-Manufacture
of Cotton beg leave to report
That it has boee ooptended, for
years, by our igost pg'aoious states
men, that' it wasnot the policy of the
South to export ite.cotton-in the lint.
j'ijanip FranklIn, writing from
LMtidon,. said "Here in' EiFhd It
is well known and un rtg that
wheye Wa s be ed
e'loyi ig k hinb. of ttids,' it
r Ros1't *1u"of 'aid.all abodt'
ptdrei Takon ip1824 advgcaei,
in a?foribtQ let ,,.t e;takd Tirot
our ngg"edifure '60000 "1beh, ien
t nd cild en, to be en yed in wian
uf"a b '' ?og qlr In the
ead"If i ;' e e eel t admit buk:
iftd4siftee, it ou otieedily be
reduee4 to "ai'pgriauitutal, and, there
_ifWre'. a'choo tiAiof) as all riiust be
thlat 'dipend belusivdly'on agrihul.
. ~ "tis piilnas have bees
~a1t~M n~iore our eads1
ObVdf' pi Idti
da blo se nd 6 6o l t, t hot.
ores of Pa
to4gwpaAv J a ) 4 fr ~to
le her qijg1pg og og
XVags ar oomar amvol i..ahe
baustible coal .ab$#0 dagge0 desi
mildness of the climate, the abun
dance of lumber, and the cheapness
of land, enables manufacturers to
provide operatives with expensive but
comfortable houses and large garden
plats. The expense of livin must
always be less here than at the North.
TI' winters being mild and open, we
nulst ever be able to produge our pro
viions. miore cheaply than they can
be produoed in a couttry whore a
great part of the six working months
are appropriated to raising supplies
for'ena and boast for the remaining
poritots of the year.
Our operatives are admitted to be
reniarkably frugal, industrious, easily
taught and oontfolled, and we have
an unemployed class of many thou.
sands from which to draw In the fu
ture. The North and Europe will
contribute largely in operatives when
ever there is a demand for them, and
thus nianufacturing will advance im.
Tho English, in menufacturing,
mix India and other inferiot cottone
with the American, while 'we use the
best staplo the world produces. The
conAequence is that where our goods
have been introduced abroad they are
preferred to the Enghlsh The for
'eign manufacturer has been known to
brand his goods-drills, for instance
Your (Coni>mtteq have had before
them carefully *bmpiled statements,
showing the' cost of manufacturing
cottoh North and South. They are
fully satisfied that yarns can be manu
faotaed here, transported to the
North, pay a commiasion of"$tro per
cent, for selling,' be sold at the cost of
Northern prdduotion, and yet yield a
net profit of fle. oents per lb. And
tbiat certain classes of colored goods
can be pioduced here and sold in the
North, at the cost of production of
similar goods there, and yet Ti.ld a
profit of over teni contQ pr 'lb.
Euglish manufacturers have admit
ted,' after inspecting the books of
same -of our Southern factories, that
we produced"yarns'more cheaply than
they did. To' test this admission the
Saliida'Taatory of this btate. sent in
April, 1869, through the house of W.
0. Courtney '& Co., of - Charleston,
pome packages of their No. 20 yarn,
to Manebester Englandi Thle e yarns
sbld t 16d., which; at the then rate
of gold and eichargie,' *as'equal to
4? eents'~eil"oy' tdie. The total
cost oftbio *yarns, iiidudiog freight,
insuratice, commIsion on sales, &o.,
wa 89 'oen te,' laving a net profit of
4) eents'per lb.
In 'snppott of the positions assumed,
your Committee directs attention to
the grent success of the Augusta,
Graniteville and other factories in
mdanutacturing plain goods of the
Coluerbnse Aladfiince and other faeto
ries in making colored goods, and'the
Saluda, Roswell and other factories in
syf'niing and Warping fine'yarnb with
profit it a time ' wlren' thanofietgring
at the North atd ih Europe' has beeti
l1e8 iehing a'ndinpr6ditable. In futi
thi" ontlrmatioq& the following ex.
traete from I lettseV "written by a pro
miO:ettb ifaeturer at the North is
"While -I have only met expenses in
the North in running tWenty ftamaes
abopa 3,.000 spIndles-the return I
have, frodji sixteen frames of the same
na6hitmery in Georg ia for the last six
mnlQthe hyve been 15,990 clear pro
fit 'Our company has deternmined to
sell' out their machinery." # *
"'lhe outh enjoys. the advantage of
not less thian twenty per copt over the
No wrt ~fthu lt., ha. sine
snWyed 84utha akd, tbifeo*tn ii at
th North 'dop.manently closed. -
.~ arge,.aitaber of NortBetVn benor
mis" Idlei. Miany' o$ thoseo 1i
(9 har.ronaly reduced The
w f phi* hands, and' some are
rh ona 'e.shrt time; machinery is
b ~erd toth So'uh," and
si a "isbegihning
,1i~1 lesd 4 staa n
Alo ~ qi~t West
rpisq p jdJy..,a sufae
u a ios.rss ant nted
btjt9Uu 4fory on.thq Art
o e r I Hon41A8a4eQ
wtof s0 th1ee.mand s hal milliost
I sesesainT rslegidty* 41*b
~n ten yearse 'Ii i6 a" *
The Inaranu in. tha Routh ut
hereafter, be far more rapid than it
has been North.
Attention is already directed to oui
country as the proper field for the
cotton manufacturer. Indeed, we be.
Hove no astute business man will en.
gage in it elsewhere, and within a few
years most of those already employed
at the North in this branch of indus
try, will, as some are doing now, die.
mantle their their mills and either
move South, or engage in other branob
es of manufacturing.
It cannot be long before machinery
for working long staple will be intro.
ddced ; and Savannah, Charleston and
Wilmington, with their facilities for
procuring cheap coal, will vie with
each other in the manufacture of our
sea island cotton ; and soon the busy
hum of the spindles will be heafd n
every water-course from Virginat
It is the belief of your Committee
that the planters may, with profit to
themselves, aid in producing this re
sult,'by combining together in joint
itook aseoointiona, and erecting cotton
mills of sufficient capacity to work up
their cotton crops. These mills should
be managed, not by the planters them
selves, but by experienced and capa,
ble-business men, who wili give them
their undivided attention, with ex
perts in charge of the mechanical de
partmonts. Manufacturing comprises
,o many details, that its successful
prosecution requires the most careful
and systematic management. With
?ll our advnntages, inattention to do
tails and careles manegement cannot
but produce los.
From two and one-half to three hun
ired millions of dollars would be ad.ded
to the value of our cotton crop, if we
wore to mannfacture it itrto yarns and
woven goods. Of this, a large amount
would be..paid out for wages, and that
.o a class that is now not only unem
ployed in adding to the wealtb of the
aountry, but for the most part, a
burthen upon their parents or the
The enormous increase in the
imount of money. received by the
Bouth, would be the direct advantage
lerived from manufacturing The
merchaht, the mechuio, the agrioul:
turist, the -banker, the .real-, atate
owner, and in fact every citizeb of our
aountry: would be incidentally bene.
itted. 'Business generally wquld be
!timulated, and property of all kinds
wnhanced in value.
What has rnanufacturing not done
for England? To come nearer home
-what has it not done for Now Eng.
land Y Take the town of Lowell,
for instance. Situated in a cold,
bleak, unproductive country, with
very drawback and no advantages
ixoept its water power, and the
indomitable energy of its inhabi.
]abitants, it has grown, within
i few years, from a mere hamlet
with one toanufacturing company
athe Morrinao, orgadiized in 1822.)
nto 'an active, thriving oity, with
50- mills turning over - '450,00o
pindles, rubuing Over 12,000 lhoma,;
iting employment' to 14,000 opera
ives, supporting seven natonal
)anks, with an aggregates capital of
12,350,000, and four savings battks,
with ad aggregate deposit of 'about
$5,oe0,000, prineipally .avings' of
Of the entire products of the
United States exported to foreigd
sountrli, the Month has- at -titnei
sontributed ad high na 5~5 perwee.
Double anid treMle thes. value of our
ptoducts by maufacturing befote
exportation, and we eause: fl~ow of
wealth from the North and frora
abreed- that m tase uoe admos6
If we desjrer t6 tull partielphte in
~?at p'sperity and hasten its aben.
sammation, there muwt be nel folding
sans on our p art. Wee annot afford
to- stand Idly by while foreign capital
and energy, attracted, as It will: be.
indeed as it iA-a.by the wonderful
advantages -we p ossess, graduallf oe.
uyathe: field to our exclusion.
Then, .indeed, would Sthe soeptre
bays departed from Israel.t. But
rather let us, while heartIl.y welcow
ing Sheofotthen busides man Abd
sapitalistt jqia in generous rivalry In
t~he great *ork of developin~g our ran
attendIegtlie institutibns of *he. pIat
rae' longer control. oQUr actions. The
Induriai put ulte 4 l wioh we .were
went to devQte - our edergiestno I ongi
,r'oldinmne mandit.ided attent,ion. m
to bAur ik uirft? 6tefJbtL.
TU1yL r.ER 4( PEntitAN;NTLY
elf t ty ~ 43 .ure,p
anirkw maethed a*d *aefat e o.
management, attend us in our va
In building up our waste places,
.nd in securing that prosperity a
benificout Providence lis placed
within our reach, we are, firmly con
vinced that the cotton iuanufacLurer
will perform a prominent part, and
we express the kopd that-thu Southern
people will pivo this pnatter their
serious attention and do what they cun
to foster and advance tlis branch of
We append detailed Statements in
spport of the propositiouns advanced.
Respectfully sb tted:
JOHN B. PAT I14;
of Coluiibia, S. C.
of Augusta, Ga.
JULIUS 0. S\ ITI1,
of Groenville, S. C.
A Lick at New England.
Already the West, . South are
doubling teaws, upou 4a. New Eng.
laud. Thetbill to inorense the rato
of represent"ion in th'olower house
of Congress i. but the -pelude to an
advance movement ,which will be.
made presently against the unequal
ratio of reproe,entation in the upper.
house. The East has 'otairned the
merit of having contrilinted to the
Republican party its- brnins. The
West has expressed- itsalf contented
with the credit of havipg contributed
its muscle. Th@ two have thus gono
on violating the oonstitiutlon in a very
easy, happy and harntontbus manner,
until the. munouIdr .Wegt - has about
learned all the .qu4ing tjicks. of the
intellectual East! The way has been
blsasd. Examples' are. numerous
Public opinion .is educated. Now.
look out! Juet as the South lost
slayery by the inistake of going to
war to save it, wil1 ,w ,1ngland- lose
her tariti by overthrowing the
ascendency of the St;tes upon which
her existence. a poter depends.
The East has brokcn down State lines
in order to punish ; the. South. -The
Wost will see that, having been bro
ken down in the.onthi State lines as
they are Bhall not retpsiq in the East.
Nationality means the.prople against
the States ; ,consolidtir,, . means the
West and the South against Not
England. As'the bouth- has already
lost its balance, it, can afford this. As
the West knows that its excess of
population renders its interests se
cure, it can more than afford it. The
only loser will be the East, which
will find itself hoisted at last by its
own petard. The movement- in Con
gress on Monday is not to be, mista
ken. It means business, and a very
ugly business for the protectionists it
will prove. They may stop it in the
Senate.' But they will not stop it
long. The seed ib sown and is spring.
ing up lustily in every part of the
A SpiEny FIA,.--The Hiartford
Courant gives the folloing accoant of
the elfects of dissipation: Oq Satur-.
day a young man, very much under
the infinence of liquor, was put in the
station house, and during that night
was kept reedonably quiet by the're.
of' naroties. Yesterday morning,,
however) the o iceo found on going to
his cell, that eo was wild with debri
um. Hie had taken the mnattress'and
blatikets in the apartment, and was*
holding them 'tightly to his' person, I
andottesmbling from head 1to foot1
with.s the, pyrspiration rolling frpm
14; (ain. hg drop,ysepteA a
anghevp aarance. "noey are af
tor me,? h *Irldlg cried-"sds:
of S'thec-tbey wflI murder. me',they.,'
will .muddei te l'" Ten turmIwsto,
one9 of t.be,o1$ers, whom hoo~o by
na . e sa'd, a. the tears' eeltik
.rd as in' d,ying, I m dyhn tl
my trl e' that I died 'r jitellnd
falliag'upua Lis knees, nie b.wgen to
reoite the Iord's Prayer,. and soop, I
w#, desp.rately' resisting the. fancied
attacks ofthe siaimen wio' were iu'r.
suigfEi' airas altogether toe wild to'
be takeu liefere 'the pollde court, and'I
was sent to"'jail- to be kept there tillI
he r.poygre ..ufliejent'y to be. br9ughtk
gg.anh9en~tqq4 to the tpwu.hag~ipe,
where,F Is beli.e5, that a iesklenge
'of two or three nsonths will be beuie&'
sial. Wit pl~ae 4bie g ng man
hi i,nregjuested I a nags
allt en yet'ago,' he dresE4d well and
bad iooneyttfow hi. clotifes .eeshb-'
upma a horgyoksomectsite9./
:A lady- in(Chal'e*ton,~ Masse, base
spf[e4, tey from an infl .e4 peek,
amealbahd d, J5AaA
ebigons adeof w a
The June Oonvention.
In reply to the letter of "A Con
stant Ronder," we heg to say that., i
our judgmenr t, the nomination of can
didates in opposition to the Sout
no minees is absolutely necessary, ii
order that point, energy and unit
may be given to the canvass. Bu
enoh county should be at liberty to
n.ake up a fusion ticket for the L'gis
laturo and county officers, when ii
that way it can secure more 1Iontst
and Ability than could be had b
showing fight'. This will, we hope
be the policy advised hy the Jum
The Laurensville Ieru/d says thal
the Press discussion of the Juno (Con
vention is narrowing down to thei
p oints : * Can Republicans vote foi
Democrats at the Fall election, fo:
the publio good ? and can Domoorati
rally on Itepubliouns or Radicals foi
the honet governinent. of the State 1'
Intils ophtost a man should not b<
takest or Yejeoted, on account of poli
ties or color. What the State needi
is ap bonost government, and to ob
tgip an hpnest government is the sol
aim and purpose of the Reform wove
The' Barnwell &ntinrl, a staunch:
Oonservativo paper, says: "W', hoar.
tily concur with our neight br, the
Journal, in recommending to our cihi
sens generally, white and colored, s
County Convention at an eirly day,
to nominate delegates to a State Con.
vention, to be held in Coluubia it
In April, 1861, the Into flirardl Hal.
lock, cditor of the New York .fournai
of C'ommrcrce, published an editorial
in that paper in which he declared
that one thing would be demonstrated
by a war upon the Southern States,
riz,' "That we have not, and in the
nvent of [the subjugation of the
Southorn States are not likely to
have, such a government as the -con.
gtitution contemplates, or sneh as our
rathers understood to be instituted,
when the Union was formed. The
government then established was a
lovernnent of equals, in which all the
States would perform willing parts.
rho one which our warlike friends
represented (it seems) by the Linools
tdniration would prove to exi,t, is a
overnuent of force, where a majority
fStates, or of the representatives, as
.he ease may be, shall hold the minori,
y in subjection to their will."
For the expression of such aenti
monts as this Mr. lra!!ock was forced
o retire from an editorial career ex.
ending over thirty-three years, and
o abandon his valuable newspaper
nroperty. How true the above word,
rre, an ex,mination of the present
)olitieal condition of the oountry will
A DRaADFUr. luanaEn.-Captain
P. A. llaltsolaw, residing eight miles
bove Greenville Courthouse, was
brrutally murdered on Sunday even
ng the lst. instant. Ie and his wife
wvalked out after tea some five hundred
yards to a neighbor's Louse, and had
itarted home about 9 o'clock P. M.;
Ahey were going through a small strip
)f wodde, where it was dark, and
Captain Haltsclaw was struck by son e
11known person in the head with an
txe. Ho fell against his wife, which
slarmed her, an d she ran off', scream
ng, and aroused the neighbors, and
bhey butried to the plaae and foundI
the captain dead. There was one ont
ibove the eye, which knocked or, his
brains,.aad a cut in the back of~ the
sesd about four inches deep-either
>t *hich would have killed him in.
terily~ Ils 't*fe was so frightened
~hat she-could not tell totl1Mn'i abouti
~he a%airr exce'pt thiat t.he nyurvderei,
n'zs a large man y but could not say
slhether be waq white or blaok, Nc
liue to the murderer.
Sunsme-net'a toV MIA1w E.--ftar)
rnd 11leme says the following recipe fot
raising potatoes is worth the price of
iny paper for one year to any farmer
who is phort of tuanure. It is as good
as the superphosphate of lime, and
will not cost half as mr'ch.' It lhar
Men tried two hears and ig- good or
Ivy - lInd 5 "'~fin one Oask of lime
md af'aohjo witha waterr and then sota
in it one bushel of gne salt,.evnd theil
ni1a in loamn or ashes enough that it
#11 aiot benome aort r ;' it wi'll mrake
ahout fleo banel. Put half "ti pit
ia a hill at 'planting. All ulanura
seQre*inig, potash are paricularly
apitable for. the potato. Ashes con
ta'Inn'ore'than invither natural for
Lilizer,'and'shoofd ba'e frehif' ted ad
sarefuilly saede. Any fawmner aceini
the analysis 'of -the askes of potatoes
san read ily iJungine~ what fertilisera
wI6beL.ad Oommnissibn les 'lion 61
frtyrflv,.ibotasan4. Aos' .1snd a
p 4i . Qiuhbon~ ;)an, aore
*t. te,q.po who' hav<
met*h s qhre,eve ttrler Mea
,e4o*.sgiieia~ ne .e
Wifi99of a frr9h
Anaf inesalases obntpt
The Days of Old.
Although professors of physiology
do sneer at those simple-minded folka
u ho "pensively" look :t the past, and
t who think there were once better days
nod better me;. than it is our lot now
to look upon, ytt one cannot help
sometimes turning ovt'r the leaves of
thoso obsolete records aod getting
from them-what comfort we mav.
There was, once on a time, a inan
named George Washington, whom a
foolish orator-of eourme from the be
tnightod South-snid would always be
"first in the hearts of his coutntry.
men," never dreaming of the unborn
Lincoln or any other Ulysses than him
of Ithaca. lie was a soldier who
never shed a drop of unnee'cesanry
blood. le was a President who,
when a house w as ofl'ered to him-not
by a set obsequionms turf,-huntera,
(such never ventured near him,) but
by a cotmnonwealth-refused it., and
who did not think that the patronage
of the government was of unseated
land, on which all the adult settlers
of his own family were to find a hoie.
He never pensioned a relative and
nevor packed a court.
Look at hi--this Washington's
record, we find some curious things us
to "relatives'' and "jnd s," wa, hich it
is refreshing] to lead in the ligh' of
the presant dispensation. W ashing- I
ton married a widow, and we believo
had no brothcr-inhaw-certainly no- t
body married into the family in order I
tU "operate" through the connection ;
and, while there was about that ti mau
a good deal of tspeculation in the
fuuds, none of h is pet moldier s were
caught, dabbling in it and dismisse l
from office. lie did not toleet as hi.i s
advisors those who had given him the
best douceurs. lie chose men of rea- F
sonably good character to represent <
the country abroad, and did not think <
it neces.ary, on the homuoopathie
principle of "similicx similhbus," to
send to the dissolute Bourbon court of
the Escurial an adopt. But, though t
childless, he had one who stood to t
him in the place of son-a nephew,
lluahrod Washington-who, as a ]
youth, had fought. in the buattles of
the revolution, and who was destined 1
in lntcer i- p onted by another
P'reit.. ., ) to I; , for more than thirty
years, at ih! i . .: *. . .
shall, a pillar f t'ju i' . j dei;
ry. Soon after the first l'resident's
induction to office, Mr. Washington,
a young Virginia lawyer, mado mod
est application to his uncle to be ap
pointed District Attorney for the Eas
tern Federal District of that then
unmutilated commonwealth. It was
a uoderato request., difidlently made.
On the 27th of July, 1789-we give
the date, in order that President
Grant may refer to it in case any
more of the family are troublcsamne
George Washington replied:
"You cannot doubt my v:ishaes to
see you appointed to any any office of
honor or emolument in the new gov
ernment to the duties of which you
are competont ; but, however deserv
ing you may be of the one you have
suggested, your standing at the Bar
would not justify my nomination of
you, in preforanco to sone of the old
est and most esteemed general court
lawyers of your own State, who are
desirous of this appoinItmlent. My ~
political conduct in nolumiations, 'event
if I wore uninfluenced by principle,
must be exceedingly eircum.ispoet alnd
proof againsct Just such criticism, for
ihoeoyes of Argus are upon me, atnd
no slip will pass unnoticed that, can
be improved into a supposed partialii
ty for friends nnd relatives."
Alid Washinlgton hesitated, aoes
k'nowledged the force of "just criti
cism," ventured, great and lure as he
was, on no defiane of public opinion,
and refused. It is only, as we are
tov1',- a differe'nt sort of people who
"rush in where angcels fear to treaid."
So much for nepotism in tincient days!
Now for the judicciary. When a
taacaney occurs in our time on any
bouch, and especially the Federal
Benoh, great is the nagitation of the
professional heart. Every lawyer in
the'l'and of the dominanot party thinks
himself fit, and every coterie .of lo.
cad politics is i;n disturlaane. If the
oha'neo presents itself ,it a roomont, as.
now, whet, vast pecuniary anrd cor po
rate interests are on the edge~ of 1:itid
gation, a new element of agitat,ion is
invoked, and great aggregation oif do
ling.uent debtors take the field to.in
iuenc-generally with success-the
appoitmens. low wast It in anoIent
days, when we were as brothers-"ln
the-bravo old.days of old?" . In the
mnth oft May, 17Q1, Wiahiogton
then Presideout, a vacancy occurred in
te Supretiso Court, of, the United
States. Toe two' oitjipens of South1
Carolna--(all hon6r t'S the ,neirorief
of her olassio timies still bhllpwing the'
d Cborles Cpt auort" PI p
jointly, 4:04 subj.bt of the,following
Sneujre.naxay. here, *pjo pl~ ~pp9Arv,
o4ea the evidene- 'w
ij\: 'dnof6 depina
y seth 4 erendgehn
Union remnins to be filled. Will
either of you two gentlemen accept
i t ? And, in that caso, which of you?
Of my sinegrs. esteem and regard for
you both, I wish you to be persuaded
that Lam, yours truly,
G11r.110M. W ASHINGONo."
"May 2, 1791."
And, strangest of all-ono reads
this as Niebuhr diii the Roman le
gends-they both deolined the offer,
giving as a reas.n that they could bet
tor serve their country, and the Fode
ral Union, too, in the State ]egisla.
ture of which they were menbers.
Musing, (-pensively'' or not, on this
forgotten inoident of our ancient sto
ry, uLaracteristio alike of him who
gave and those who received this
nark "of con:idence, may we not be
)xcused for sorrowing over the con
rast of the past. and the present?
Wher, is the Exuoutivo now who can
ind two disinter W El friends to be
rusted thu3 Wlhe c, under the at
nospherie intluence that makes all,
save very few, indeed, seekers of ofi.
:es and j,bs, atnd fills every avenue to
patronage with scrambling usaailants,
rushing like the mob of Paris on the
Swiss within-where hat1 we find two
martisanis who would refuse so high an
ioior f.'r "o high a reason ?--Ncw
(COLONIFi or ENGLANi)..-Mr. Glad
tone openly avowed that by the re
axation of tle bonla of the cofonius,
vithin the last thirty yeats they bad
at ined practical autonomy, that is,
lie power or right of self-govern
nent. IHo added these pregnant
vords, "Thie country will see that if
epar.tion shall become necessary, it
v'ill be aceetmpli:-hed without convul
ion or violence. Free and voluntary
outract is the only possible basis for
outinued unor.'' These were wise
rords, and those of the statesman.
The qucstiin of separation of the
olonies is one of mere time. It will
ake plnce, and peacefully, as soon as
hey see their way clear to their own
upport, development and defence.
'ngland l acted wisely in this re
pect. She has gradually taught them
>y her late polley to depend upon
hem.melves, and to prepaie f'r their
1ltimato self-governmecnt. She has
'oresern th'inuvit'tblc, and advanced
ts p,rog res+, o;) that whenever indc
sendedeo coies, she nay find her
onlonics friends and allies, and not
trangers and enemies.-Charlesio,a
Sr 'I'E CONVCNTION oF TEAcinRe
t t"u request of teachers who
losiro ;o attend the pro.oed couven
iou of to-i,mers, it has been decided
o call th) Olnention ') I .!, in Co.
umbia, G.t th : ;kersuon II use, on,
Chuarsdaj, :Iay 19, -it 8 p'. II.
The proprietor of the N ickersou
'Iouse, who has tcndcred his hall for
he use of the convention, will eter
ain the members at greatly reduced
Delegates will be passed to and
row Columbia on the Greenville and
Jolumbia, and Charlotte, Coumbia
ud A egreta Railroads for one fare,
Clhe other railroads in the State have
,oon requested to extend the samte
T1he con vontion is ti- consist of alil
eachers in the State outside of thme
freo coimmon schools' established by
he Legislature, and aill such are cavn
~stly urg d to- attendl.
The papers of the State are reques
edl to publi'sh th is not ioe.
Huanc S. Tuoi,rsoN,
~rincipal Colummbia lel Academy..
Soutcmnr* Men~ lIAt,IdNING IlTHE
~oUT-r.-Thamit sterling Demoratio
>aLper, the Manchester (N. IT.) Union,.
peaking of the debate in tihe Senate
rn the Georgia bill, says a "The di.
uasio,n of the. Georgia bill was son.
inued by a onple of sealawaga,.
Iaimilton, of Testas, and Peel of
~orth Carolina, in speeches of thme
neOst atrooious obars inr-a-speeohes
vhich no Nor'hern' . snator could
nake of his people. and -liveo. They
re descri-bod as the 'most4 lood-thirs
~y set of out-thioats thait God *ver
perntted to live on his-foot.'stool.'
N?ow, if those lists ahw lin e
lievod this, they 'wouald not. date tb'
may it. Tihey know It is false, for sto
ra be deomonsetrated that mo're mar
ders have beet polpetrated In Massa
chusetts, ini the la,t two yearsj than.
in both North Carolina and ess
by the white peoplei We hope -some'
means will b'e found :to' ,quelhhthese'
lying, lacetdiaty ie'6todrels.E' -
It Instated tiGY. JA Whi)per;.
oolbred Reprek'nfatik'9fr*ui Beafore
Gounty, and proW enti$e das8Ltd4 dot
(ongreas, hias be ~n appoIntdd'"btiga&
dier-general of mHitlafor Oharleston
bhbt'e' will 46. onop be organised'%regI/
mnent. of m'litin Jim eseoga y' hilI
shall pavade'nthe " Fou*ir eclul
ta aleigh; 1 or
The hurg a dbd
~dbt8eh'de ' a' W~
a* i4l1aAds sh n