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VOL,VI V WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, J LY 27,1870. [NO. 6
t5 TUBL[SBICD WEEKLY BT
DESPORTES. WILLIAMS & C4
2tnt,s.-TNsa IsALD I. published Week
!ti the Town of Winnsboro, at $3.00 in
eareably in aduance.
i8Nr All transient. advertisements to b
paid in advance.
Obituary Iotioee and Tributee $1.00 PS
'rgrn Our Own Correspon
OAIcAL'aD, OALIroRBNiL, July 12, 1870
1,t. 'EbItOR --Now I will sai
aomethihg of the groat Western 01
ant. The eyes of many persons ar<
at present tiined towards Californib
and. probably an account of the Stat<
aid also of the Pacific Rail Road ma'
pirVo of interest to ybu.
'It 'day trouse our friends, and
stimulate them to renewed exertions
to'knov how the world and cspeoiall3
the Western World is striding on
The greatest civil and solentifi<
abbievement is the Pacific Railroad
Stretching with its connections sorosn
the entire American Continent; the
matin trunk extending three thousani
ibiles,'and oou'necting the mnetropolii
of the East *ith that of the West
and passing through every variety o
soil and climate, it is a stupendouu
weok worthy of "the most gloriou:
country the world ever saw." Fron
Saai Francisoo' to Omaha there is bul
oup route ; and this is the PacifoRail
Rdad proyer. 'the Central Pao>'<
eitedds eight hundred miles to Og
den. near Great Salt, Lake; and the
Udto'n Pdifio donnects this place witi
Omn a a th'uaah 4iilds distant.
'Ftot' Oinah'a roads br'anch off iitt
every. part of the United States.
There are three routes between Oinah
and Chicago. The Obicgo & Nortd
Western ; the Chioago Rook Islaitd &
P.ioifi., and the Chicago, Burlington &
Mi.souri; each about five hundred
ailea in length.
New York is donnected with Chica.
go by three great trunks. The Nurth
een ry,ute paistag - along the Hudson
dpthb Mebawk vallhy, and crosbink
the Niagara 8uspension Bridge int.
dadada,: returning into the United
8tatig tt Detr,it and traversig the
aitrat Oat of Miohigan. The greal
E 'iioutb dtder the control of O.uld
aid Fi-k, ekieting'the southern bhure
of the grea't lakes; and the Allenutov
or Pennsylvania ceatral route, passinf
through H..rrishurg, Pittsburg, and
the mountaius'of Pennsylvania.
These three routes are equally good
but the former is generally pleferred
sInce it passes through' a region con
taining some of the most nsi.gnificeni
deenery in the world. At present, thi
firnt olass tiokets on Express train
IdAke the trip in seven or eight days
and cost $140 in currency. Seoonc
elass farea on the same trains are
$110. Persons purchasing the latter
ar not illowed the privilege of ob
tainig' sleeping berths at night. Foi
the use of ednigrants, oars are attach.
dd to freight trains making the trip it
fifteen days. '~heAe etaigrant tioketi
can be purchased fir $60, a little leai
than two cents a anile.
'Each express train has a sleepinp
ear' attached for the convenience ol
travellers. Beetha ean' be 'ptrohased
for twe6 doIlars a tight. Besides then
trains, there are tho "Hlotel- Ex press'
tIfaine, tit,~ Pillinan Palace.didini
6%Id sleepig dbr5 rattehbd, runnn
obdg a-*eek 'abd containing everj
gdfelble coufivende. Ticket. foi
tli'ese,' cost $175 :Ottebitimes a part)
of 'tra,eler5 chattets an entire car
*artyIfg ~tiMer'olen 'ereants and sup
gl b with thein, 4tid living moat lux
S eePtilhlie P alace scars are
magnifioerit affairs.3 Duting 'the da:
they are provide& -with comfortabl<
roomy seat.,aprnd tipitiog lounges
h thea ar un wih sple tdo
'A r 66m ti Matere atda
to fofn dnodious buba ah
absaw sabhr aflther is seb i diwarfyon
-*beesIiiogt SintIss ae. then- es
rasged along the whoie bat~ tina ffa
.1pg tae psgeatyq. pttey. ISes deo
'ta1se, g eagh can g1 qO are two stat<
tooms for the us~ of fawnifig. , Re
tauratrg4 attached to the din
ing oar. 'Smal tR'lie l ~i 'angea
-abegrnely beteeithe seaits, sothat th<
NIrvle while qeetding. -along at th<
hatd of .80L4# mIlea an-hourg ma,
-joyhiaral dad uietly s thougI
~were in hi. own dining room.
toat ste'Ie aWet udasj4ve dollari
40 rkehedinig eardst eonduet
' M de sieeue h i
-9Wmst ah thetsi dse pat
4AI therleestrbbruwpes ntesi
We left NeW'.ub-by -the avtl
erxa rpRte #4*1% I34 e pga
.Ji* Aver er 4$y at pJ ~i.
- A t 1sai se4a1*jI
enabled to see somethin. of this place.
Chicago, although a ine city, can
not compare with New York. Never.
theless it is a rapidly growing place,
} and earries on an immense amount of
trade. The opening of the Pacific
Rail Road has been of great advan.
tage to it, by enabliog it to compote
' with San Francisco. California re
r ooives many supplies from it ; and in
return, furnishes it with early garden
vegetables, and fruits of all kinds,
besides other articles of produce.
However, owing to the stagnation
of business throughout the whole
country, there were thirty thousand
men out of employment, and robbe.
ries and garroting were frequent,
Even women were knocked down in
On the next day we left for Omaha,
by the Chicago & N. W. R. R. The
country for the most part consisted of
a level prairie as far as the eye could
reach. It was not very thickly settled,
and the houses were generally small.
The Mississippi River was crossed on
a long bridge. The old wooden one
is being removed, and a fine iron
structure substituted in its stead.
That night the sleeping car attach.
ed to the train 'was set on fire by the
stove, and for a few minutes caused
some alarm among the sleepers. But
fortunately it all oude4 "sa smoke,"
and we reached Otoaha without any
other incident of , note.
A fine bridge is in course of ereo
tion across the Missouri River. It
was not completed sufficiently to per
mit the passage.of ears, and we cross
ed the rivet in stages, upon the ice.
When the bridge is finished, passen
gers can travel the entire route with
out change of ears.
Omaha, the terminus of the Paci
fio, and the the roads connecting with
it, is a thriving place. Only a few
years ago it was merely a small settle
went, now, streets are regularly laid
off, and stores and warehouses are aeon
in every direction. It has the up.
pearauce of bv.ing new, and all the
edfices are built with an eye to utili
ty rather than beauty. The soil is a
prt of blueish clay, making bad roads
After partaking of a hearty break
faet, at}d ay ing.- a sapply of provi
fiouS, in oaso of a suowing up among
the mouutaine, we took our aate in
the l'a.:ifl train, and for a while bade
oiviiza:,ion adieu. For hundreds of
miles after leaving Omaha we saw no
I marks of civilization. The road runs
along the valley of the Platte River,
through almobt the whole breadth of
Nebraska. In Summer this valley is
covered with the finest, grasses, and
,affords luxuriant pasturage. But in
Winter it presents a dreary aspect, a
few trees aloug the margin of the
river being the only signs of life.
The monotony causes a feeling of
dreariness to creep over the traveler
in spite of himself'. Not a sound is
heard In these vast solitudes save
when the noisy train rushes past, pre
sentir.g a strange incongruity to the
eurrodading scene. After several
hours of t,arol, we entered the vast
plains over which range immense herds
of antelope and buffalo. Several
small herds of the former were pass
edt at different poInts within easy
rifle range of the road. Sometimes
they may he seen hounding across the
track, over which the train has passed.
'After leaving the Platte River, the
road aomnmences a gradual ascent to
the Blauk hill, and the scenery be.
comes more diversified ; 'Lut the coun
try also becomes more barren. Smhll
elevations are seen on either side, des
titute of vegetation. A lonely pine,
-two or three feet in height seams but
a carioature of the nobler works of
a nature en the Atlantic slope. Tile
valleyb ar covered with sage bhush,
so bister and ilauseous to~the taste
,that it affords sustenance to no liv
I leg creature, except a species of bird
. eaited the sago hen.
* The 'only settlements are at the
diff'rent way.stations ton or twelve
mmies a part ; and these are inhabited
rbetly y the empl9yees of the road.
Jo~.ssa ro built In the most premature
tyle.' They aire sometimes construpt
ed'of punoheons driven Into the earth,
- with turf piled against thsm~ Small
apertures In the sides serve for win.
I dows; and the roofs almost flt. And
si yet at haea station, are seen stores,
,isaloons ta testaurants. The Inhabi.
y .tpnts qvidently believe that comipetir
a tion Is the life of trade, for out of a
~osen houses, nine or ten are stores of
sodie s61beach 1th. , pretentiouz
sign' fimng 'ont. The'frost of the
e isrq1 sometipes eniirqiy . eomposed
~tdoi -fand apIu ri$e E'er Qma
to to tCbyetae ,the flrsi
(hoaeonqswa.s 4tIhing eli 0i
* goveral drou'sp&Inhtbita t.~ But s
i 'the se~ad es .usiad urthet n, th6n
ace itanw .yn
Tb.,' aroom ezisence is $harael
isltI p rIii te ro te*ia.
erm A$6~q4I.t.44 , a.y
settene a. t
The shores of the Great Silt Lake are
covered with a white iuruttatiou,
caused by the evaporation of its wa.
tars. This lake is slowly dryinig up
and at. some future day will become s
part of the desert basin surruunding
it. Sage bushes is the only living
thin to be seea, and that is wilted
and looks eveu as if it wore dead at
In about twelve hours the desert it
passed, and the appeartue of life
again gladdens the eye. Springs are
seen bubbling up in the valleys, and
around them reeds and grass growing
luxuriantly. The hills are dotted
with pines and cedars, which furnis1
fuel for the engines on this part of
We are soon entering the canon of
the Iluinbuldt River, a small rapid
This canon in grandeur of scenery
even surpasses those .already men
tioned. It is more fertil., and has also
the river to add to the iapresionis
produced on the beholdor by the cliffs.
'The railroad runs along the margin of
the river for many miles, following it
in its tortuous course, and offten timet
doubling on itself.
Down this canon the train dashed,
turning short curves, and rounding
sharp points, at the rate of twenty.
live miles an hour. On one side was
the river, on the other a bluff or pre.
cipice hundreds of feet high. some
times so near the bank, that, the road
had to be out in the sidc of the cliff.
Just such a place was the "Palisades."
On either side was a precipice. The
road was cut in the' !Sid'e, beneath
overhanging rocks froth which small
fra.nents are falling every day, The
mountain c.tn 'almost be touched by
the hand. Were a large boulder to
come down, thundering on the track,
while the train is beneath, you may
imagine the consequeudes. The "P.li
sades" is one of the most dangerous
points on the whole road. It derives
ita names from its resemblance to the
Palisades of the Iudson.
We next pa,-sed throtigh the new
State of Nevadra, containing some of
the richest silver mines, In the world.
It is being rapidly sett'ed, chiefly by
miners and graziers. From Reno, a
branch extends to Vir tia and Car
son cities, placm! ene . N .frrm ten
to fifteen thousand inhabitants each.
A great many Indians are seen here,
hut, like all the Pacific tribes or "dig
gers," they are a miseratbly filthy race;
but they are harmless.
At Tracken we cross the line and
are in California. We are now as
cending the Sierra Nevada. IHere
for the first, time on the route, matjes.
tie forests of pines are seen, covering
all the ridges and ravinos.
On account of the elevation, snow
here in sufficient quantities to impede
travel. To guard against this twenty.
five miles of continuous snow sheds
have been construeted at a great cost,
over the summit of the ridge. The
danger of inconvenience is chiefly
from the drift, and, therefore, where
ever there are heavy falls of snow,
snow sheds and snow fences have been
erected. Oil the entire route there
are thirty-four miles of &.heds, besides
many more miles of fences.
In the winter of 1868 a train was
snowed in for several weeks, and all
the pasengers came near starving.
This year, however, provisions and
fuel arc carried on every treio, but
evena these have been unneoessai'y as
the sheds -have prevented anythir,g
further than a temaporary detention.
After passing Summit, there Is~ a
continuous descent for about thirty
miles, and through this distance the
oars are run entirely by the- brake
Although the shmeds out off from
view most of the scenery, yet, that
which ean be diseerned, is well worth
seeing. High ridges rising one above
the other, and separated by deep t'a.
vibe, on the very brink of which the
oars Vun. Lofty and lordly pines-and
cedars appearing lhke so many -ocol
urans; a:nd slulees are running in
every direction, conveying the mnoun.
thsin stream to the gold mines beneath.
On the California side, all was lif
and beaty. The climate was mild,
and for the first time on the trip,' rain
was falling. Evergreens were grow
ing everywhere, and grasea and weeds
sparinging up luxuriantly. As 'we do.
seended signs of Industry weren to be
seen on all sides. Ie the valleys#.ire
farm houss with their garden and
orchards, and on the hill sides are the
settlements of the minors.
The amount of soil carried away by
hydvauilie mining is astonibhing.
Whole hills ares washed dowt, anda hi
k1ebrie carried with the streams/ The
1'iVers seem to be filling up.
*At last we were in thne 8aeramente
veileyya level plain, with but -fey
ttees; It, is not under' oultivaties,
and iesembled the "old fields"~ of, tbe
J4et ist 8ainmer. Orossing the Ameir.
htn Tiveu, ee:con enteredi Saerasada.
tdgenVth**iver Uf the'saine"natme.-i.
WheWer itaers rt attled , tte
vItat bm8 a,deep ehadnelg -but rise 4e,
brio.fromedUI mine. is Bltlun5*a.pe Is
~poneeIudeee SBoraneuW1o in
swtE t44W*byqahemi ti4. n d
*tetth libee ihI
4tIatn over all. B&.ama.mu
are the only vestiges left of the busy
The character of the western peo
ple is exemplified by the following
While Cheyenne was at the height
of prosperity, it was infested by ruf.
fians of the most desperate character
from all parts of the world. Robbe
ries were of daily occurrence, and
murders frequent. The life and pro.
p-rty of every citizen were endanger
ed. Things came to such a pass, that
the people determined to submit no
longer. A vigilance committee was
organized ; and, on the following
morning, all the telegraph posts
around the depot were ornamented
with the dead bodies of the most no
torious villains. The following night
a few more were hung; and the rest
they took warning. Thieves, pick.
pookets, gamblers and rowdies boat a
hasty retreat. In two days, not one
was to be seen ; and they have givon
no t,ouble since.
The buildings in Cheyenne are gene
rally temporary sinall structures.
Some are merely canvass tents.
One store was a wooden building
about twenty feet square with an im
posing sign "BAZAAR ov FASHIONS."
The usual number of bar-rooms were
found. It issaid that the liquor sold
all aloog the road is warranted to
cause death in ten minutes after drink
ing it !
A few miles from Cheyenne we
were delayed eight hours by the
"snowing in" of two trains ahead.
One a freight in attempting to force
'to way through the drift was thrown
from the track, and became a complete
wreok. No lives were lost.
Leaving Cheyenne we conmenecd
ascending Black Hills by a gradual
slope. Far off, in the distance, Pike's
and Long's Peaks reared their snow
clad summits. Their bases being hid
den by intervening ridges and eleva
Here, the scenery would have com
manded attention ; but unfortunately
it was passed during the night. Sher.
man is the highcst point on the road,
being eight thousand feet above the
level of the sea. The air is very
much rarefied, and for a while some
difficulty in breatding is experienced.
The wind bl'ows at a fearful rate; ap
parently threatening at times to sweep
the train off the track. A few miles
beyond Sherman is the Dale Creek
B, idge ; an iron trestle one hundred
and twenty feet loug. It is a beau.
tiful structare, coubi -ing strength
with grace and lightness.
At lust we are descending Echo and
Weber canons. On either side of the
road tower tall bluffs and perpendicu
lar cliffs hundreds of loot high. At
times we are passing through a wide
valley; and then suddenly the cliffs
converge, leaving no means of egress
save through a deep gorge.
The shades of evening again closed
upon us before we emerged from the
canon, but fortunately the moon shone
for some time after dark and enabled
us to see some of the most prominent
points. The scene was grand. A
hundred human beings far from any
vestiges of civilization, were whirling
through the tortuous canon, the train
awakening echoes where for thousands
of '-ears profoundest stillness had
reigned. On either side perpendion
lar cliffs laid bare by long denuda
tion raised their peeks to Heaven like
so many ruined and dismantled bAttle
ments, and threatened destruction by
roiling boulders on the heads of those
beneath, below was the narrow valley
with a small stream meandering
through it, and over all, the mellow
moon light, casting dreamy shadows,
and softening the rugged outlines.
There are historical associations
conneeted with this canon. Twelvae
or fifteen~years ago, when the Mor..
mons were giving trouble, .\tnantT
SIDxxY JoIHMsToN, then a colonel in
the U. 8. army was sent out to restore
Iorder. The Mlormon. prepared for
resistance, and resolved to fortiff the
pae, hroghthis canoai. According.
bouldery i. a 4am across the bar
rowest.part ; and then collected hugo
boleson the summits of the over
haneging cliffs, ready to be hurled on
Fortunately, .for all partiea, pence
was restored, before any opportunities
were alloed to the Morm,ous of proy
ineg their prowess. The ro a0ies of
the damn, the ruined ramnpa-e, and
the heaps of stones are still to be
eThe lover part of the canon Is In
bagtedandran bes. are scattered
abot mie rou^6 the fldgps. Thirty.
twomilbe re reahing Ogden 'the
"Thousanid Mile Ted'v is pssdd. -It
isea yigawons pine.'and beare a -sign,
s tatin~g" thata thowsgand -miles-have
bok ttereed by the a6-'Wr y
reer;We ar1,ed at Oden lat
mido~igh. EThis is tbh juot1on of the!
two b'6aded &0rp361sbiyoi. Brghaar
T otei Iq'uIide 'a t'a9vod' thi -.g
es'bog"the'gree ptyphet' of
ma of .CHe. ba h
up to Sacramento from San Francisco. I
Sacrafhento lies in a level plain which
extends on all sides for nany miles.
Bt-foro reaching San Franoisco the
road passes through the Coast Range.
IHere uao is some very pretty scenery,
but not so grand as that slroady pass
ed. These canons are all under culti.
vation, and yield large crops of wheat,
and other small grain. The hills are
bare of trees, but in spring are cover
ed with beautiful flowers, and wild
oats, which attain a height of two or
three feet and over. Wild mustard
also grows everywhere.
There are many towns around the
bay of San Francisco. The first of
thes,o passed was San Leandro, then
San Antonio and lastly Oakland.
Oakland is at present the terminus
of the road, but as the water is very
shallow, the Railroad- Company
has built a wharf or peer,. extending
about two miles into deep water. A
steamer connects with the train and
carries the pas engers over to San
We reached S4 Francisco at dark,
after a week's travel. Despite the
interest of the route, it is fatiguing.
and one experiences a feeling of re
lief upon ending the route. A through
passenger can be easily recognized by
his unshorn face, travcl-stained gar.
nents, and his baskets, blankets and
overcoat. It is no easy matter to be
conic clean again, especially after
travelling in summer. The flawing
sun and the clouds of dust, on the bar
ren plains change one so as almost to
Before leaving the subject of the
Pacific Railroad, a few things are
worthy of note.
It would seem that nature.had made
especial provision for a road. The
barren plains are Fo level that scarce
ly any grading is necessary. The
mountains would be impassible were
it not for these cannons running
through them. As it is not much
work was required in laying the track
h,?ro. it follows the stream in its
winding course between the moun
It is true that there are twenty.five
tunnels along the road, but these are
very short, the longest being only
1700 feet in length.
But puhapf the most .ourloug pro.
vison is that of fuel. Tliee is no
wood along the road, and for a *hile
it was necessary to transport coal.
But lately, beds of coal have been
found along the line in the most bar
ren regions. Those coal hdv are
within a hundred yards of the road,
so that a side track runs off to them.
A horizontal shaft penetrates the
bluff, and from this is taken the coal
as it is needed. It would seem that
nature has erected store houses juit
where they are needed, filled them
with coal, and given the key to man,
so thathe has only to draw from the
supply already accumulated.
The above account, it is hoped, will
enable one to form some idea of the
Pae'fic Railroad. But it is necessari
ly meagre. The great length of the
route, and the novelty of everything
connected with it, would furnish mat.
ter for a book. In order to obtain a
just conception of it, one tmust travel
over it oneself. Au revoir.
P. E. 8.
T'EWAniE OF TH E PoWDER-A flINT
TO L!,vEns.-Thore, is a good joke
going the rounds of a young lady and
gentleman at a fashionable party in
this city a few evenings sinee. The
young man was handsome and happy,
the young lady arrayed in yll the
exquisite taste of lavender, rose, oto.,
Iwithi gold-powdered hair flowing over
bohr swan-hakeneok. Finding the heat
Iof thb' room too muchol for themi they:
sought-the cool shade of an arbor,
where they might listen W9 the foun
tain's farll. The music rqse and felI,
time flew on silrtplnlons, And After'
an abse'nee of about three'hhours our
young frlicada entered the brilliantly
illuminated parlors.- The lady passsed
ou in the dance, but the yopog mpa
was~ sllghtly taken, abok .his
pert' e6tb' inforsIh hi fhat'
sothd hi s edk 'rts the iunniistakell
print of two atma,dIl id -obalk andl
diamsor.dedust, on one shoulder,alarge
pil9.of.yelpoy powd4 nd oohis
b dup genefally. -The fotang
lady'. hair wa. observed to besev.e L
shades paler, Mloral: .Carry,. -dm.
ing-broom in your pockpt.-- ash lie
'Tihi U*rrtb H7'tIa, 8VABl,GN
t,is Sp $u' PiTiott.bMir Seoi'o
tiry JFieb, lirajnddrfd hnt'iszeddnt.
ly pilshed o6#e.poddde dei the,
very freely to the 8pan Is gee
tion f p (paq,gThis i
pgpds a4eU e ts tw
Saab gastie' b
The Romanoo of Orimo,
Last week there occurred in Btllit
County a strange nftir, which is as ye
unsolved in its particulars, but wicl
one of those very peculiar, transaction
that seem to have no motivo. A wido%
lady, with, a daughter some sighteci
years of age, hvei near Mount Vash
ington. They were without malo pro
tectors, and lived quietly and securely
One day the old lady received som
$5,000 in payment of an old account am
locked it up in her trunk. The nigh
following was dark and gloomy, ant
that would natiurnily cause people to ba
and lock doors and windows, and Ctis
one to hesttate to open them to a stran
ger. Toward night an old, bent. up
decrepit man came to the door, and of
its being opened asked for shelter fo
the night. Thl' widow told him slit
was alone, with no men f,iks about th<
house, and she disliked to take a stran
ger under her root. The old man sr'
he was a stranger, poor, decrepit, an
destitute, only asked for shelter from thi
Thile ladv acceded to his request. ant
in due time he was shown to Ins roon
tip-stairs. The night grew darker ont
side, and the wilow nid her danghte
were preparing to retire, when a heavi
knock came, and the voices of meet wer
heard outside, demanding ndnittanci
in threatening tones. Terrified, know
ing the danger of possessing sch t
large aum of money, the widow conelnd
ed that the parties outside were- con.
federates of the nn,, to whom she lit
given shelter. Acting upon this ats
picion. with tre.bling limbs, she rar
utp stairs and locked the door of thr
s' pictoiI stranger. Riturmng d)wi
s+tirs she herd the blow of an ax or
the door, and as she reoahed the botton:
of the stairs encountereod the man shi
supposed she had locked safely in hi:
No longer decripit, bent, and feeble,
lhe stranger st.od upright. and nsanmel
stalwart proportions. The gray hail
the trembling voice was gono, nnd
instead was It nan of powerful build ane
BoheVting that alt wae lopt, the widot
exclaimed, "You know what 1've got
I'll give it, up I ' The straneer, insteai
Df acceding Lo the terrified woman'
Dtfetr, replied : Dont't annoy me ;' ge
nto tour room nn 1 T'Il nr. te.t yoln'
EIe held in his handt 1 rill b h ," 'i ielkon
rom the rack, and as the blows of the
issailants' ax fell fast upon the door,
ashed thu widow into her room. Tie
loor gave way, and the first. man tht
mntered was shot by the stranger, who
wized the falling body and pulled it in.
ide the door. He then pulled the door
vide open end fired again. killing anoth.
"r of his assailante. The party ti.rned
o fly, another of their number received
t shot from the valiant stranger.
The attacking party having fled, the
loor was secured, and the affrighted in.
mates took occasion to examine the
reattires of the dead robber, who proved
to be the son-m-law and neighbor of tho
In'the morning another man was found1
eaning over the fence, with his "nrmt
thrown over the rails, dead. Mortally
wounded, his failing strength had car.
ritd him to the foenen. where in suppor.
ting himself he died. The stranger
gave himself up to a magistrate, whoc
examined into the case, the atranger
refutsitg to give either his namie, hisaresi,
dlence, or the mnatter of his business. Th<
magistrate ordered hia dischaerge, ani
the my~terious stranger departed. XV h<
he' was, why~ he' as.nud thme disgnise
he. did on that night, whait was- the
nlature of his business, or whit her he
w'ent, is e mystery not easily explainod
anid comment would be superfluous.,
Whatw wargna is, that what is call
id the XV Amendmen*,, both in in
inception and in the fraudulent, mean:
by which it has beet) forcedl upon us, is
virtually a more' Act of (Jongress,i
that;can pi'opberfy bit ttllk- 'a" Congresn
in which-nearlea third of thd "Stales'
ha@d so re/wes~enIation, apd those the
'Sietps" too, which alono are vetally
aflecied $v that "A mendment."
Aucke beiri& ike'eda 4a' Afrm,D 'i
hecodantce kih-theofiaIher Democratic
phatformf that "the ameund'mentR re'cntl
p.dopt'ed,''is aell qa thi ogsip "Iteepnc
ptrtie1ipn,Actar, nr cuonstitt.iita1 an'
void ,aDd' thoU wha~it 'offe "'Cgmress
can do, ftidtler Congress daki 'udo.
The AppeaIkabont a w.enk IQ de
rionneed 4the, Jniop Refirmr psarty
S3outh Qra i aI as.mench and. contermpcI
&&kd it a6ep eedfodit:nattok' fa*ll
and a zatelydiklhe<men wthw look to- ti
The address ofthe ExecutiveCom a
We4h wyvdltesto d8oth gaQin
Vt4r vIi. es'9aeD*
General failuto of tlie 1luropAanp (rois.
t The year of 1870 will long be re
t membered in Eltrope, not only for its
itetn,e heats but. for the prolonged and
9 widetspread drought that now gr>vely
threatens nearly two-thirds of tie cereo
and othe'r h slrvests. By onr latest
advtces we pe'rc'ive that thd aituation
in this respect has hPeoue actually alarm.
ing. In many departments of Fran.
" not a drop of rain has fallen for many
weeks, and even thronghout rgions
t nenr to the seashoro the crops look poor
I and thin comnparecl with those of formnnr
r years. Umutversa1V hay, straw .. and
clover are hst, and4 the pasantry -are
hurrying their cattle to the batehers be.
cause thev no longer have fodder'where.
with to feed thr. At the lnt i'h
Villette market, in Paris. four thousand
heaid of beef cattlt were ofired for. uate
ait abni ost anv price, where t%vo bii,Abefq
the usnal figure. '1'lThs thero is more
I meat ot-ted to con,iners thint ovet
before ; but the quetion arises, "Whnt
are the latter to do next winter ?"
Farmers neat the garrisoned townet, who
I usmally enjoy the loan of artallery horses
t by the governniit, have sent them back
to the army for lack of the comnmonest
Iet'd for then. Wheat, barley and oats
have double I in price, and the standing
growth is wretched. Peas and beans
are in thi same condition ; hemp and
flax are gonet ; the fruit trees of all kinds
begin to dron and are full if caterpiars,
and the vnr'varel of the Southern dia
I ricts are aeriounsly tta cked by the worm
known as the ph yllo.rcrem vuata(riz.
Len Algeria has su(thred from both
drouglt and locust, and enn cannt. up oh
only a' ledinum crop of grain to'hid
Prance. Spuau and Italy are similarly
triwd, 111d1 th only really fine crop of
a atple lhatt lie latter will be able to boast
of will be si)k. Buhemia, Hungary and
the D17umbian Pri..cipallitwes will come to
the resene", to same t'xent; but the
deficit in Germany will probably absorb
all their superahelndance. 'le mo;t
singIal.r feat urn of tais "beggarly ac*
count, of empty boxes" is that in some
of the finest. grain provinces of the' Rut.
sian empire the crops are short for
another reason than hent. and droughL
Untimely cold. and moisture have crip
pledl them. Sweden will do no more
than .sustain itself, and it is doubtfl
whether Bligiuin and Holland will do
ao niuch. 'l'he YNst seenie to be similAtt
iv threatened..' Jarly in tlie seat on we
noticed the distressing lack of raia anti
runmhing water in Syria and parts of
Tunrkev, .'id both those countries look
to i:mp1ortat.ion for help.
Prices in France have gone up largely
and are rising every hour, and.ihe
aeserve which the government always
makes there, for a year or two in
advance, is likely to be more than taken
ont of its hand+. At all the leading
markets araint has reached the rate of
thirty francs per metr.cal quintal. In
some places it has riun oven to thirty
fire, which is 'from five to, ten fra'ics
above the prices of last winder. Wha't,
we may ask, will it be three months
hence, part icularly ahould'an insane Wvar
open the floodgatee of devastatio. spd
waste ? 1
It is now that the'United States step
into the foregrotinrl as thogranrtty of the
natioums. It Is to this "fruiiful latd bf
Canaan" that all must look. : Here are
i.the goldlen fields and the. lden or rds
all the'way from Maino.to the Gulf of
Mexico, arnd from ocean to ocean. Hier.
are the cattle oni a thionrand hills aidg
Iwith the rneh grass, the luiciouas ftlit.and
t he bursting ear. Out of t,bs midst of
Iwar anad desnolationi id.s .aniucha favored
land han been rained. up to, offer t e0
Old WVorld, in the hour o''iticaarth and
its warlbke mnadnesos, healha'd a a,
refuge. 'To-day the Repiubhie stands
before mankind the imaga of Liberty,
holding the olive branich 0, peace ina ones
,hapad and the ,horn of pignyL jn* the
odper -Y.N.IHra. .
Shaerman, ghbairmnan of the F4ranee.Opjn
mi,itteeO 'f the penat er estimnates Liie
lhghtnening of' a ie badrden 'af the tades
'ap6n i fic peopala of th hUitc'd States by
as evenaty sit nimioinsf' -dsllars. Ti. is
s9ndlgfr thfgpblins, to orpw
- oe inthapproachmfkri!eatone 'Ph
verf~ hnabnf plece ef#or had hein
- clandf'ldue total aubolitioa3 ,qf,tb ,Qdiens
neem top utri a a er bct f tl/ais
x nm pu of vs4 .Is d' d iYet$W1-i
stna of' aeyhsIn'milhoniirna''rnd
1 xterha,l) talus I Jjfe cSIrrpn hsir she Medrs
181 'iorasr l , o we. en dg
a i .0 (iU.kJ 4 #t6L~A44.'rg4 , as
w eWay -in f edgy ae 15er a
he agfs Pabd ftd#.h
.it is said, fe'ar that Napolon nyldiste
the making of..aa..aggressive war ia
Eiurop,sul.ip afegoong arm. ree
gj rips e e~9 klfM nona Sp iTi
h~iteal~W 'th~a rnf%':1 i
1b 't4~ti b$re
*rc~'J~'~ p, I ho