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THE FAIRFIELD HERALD
Publisbed Every Wednesday at
WKINNSBORO, S. C,
Desportes, Williams & Co.
TER.N.--J ADL ANCYE.
(j.u Copy one year, - - $ 8 00
"Ve . a " - 1260
'' : , *" . - - 2b04
Excitlig Scene in a Paris Theatre,
Mr. Halstead writes to his paper
from Paris ;
"'he stood in the centre of the t
age ; on either side was a soldier
%.ith a beautiful flag of Franee, no.
tonable for the intensity of the cot
re ; and the girls of the theatre, all -
ina rod, white and blue, some distin.
i-hod by a prepondorance of one 1
color and of another, was grouped
with striking effect. As the curtain
ascended, revealing this tableau, there
was a gnick hum of approval, and
then as the first words of the hymn of
liberty, become the war song of the
impire, were heard there was a sud
den hush, and every eye in the audi
cuce glittered with excitement.
A bugler sounding the advance
started the chorus, and there was the
powor of many voices in it. At the
c,upletion of the stanza there was an
overwhelming burst of applause. The
Goddess of Liberty, in the last stan
za, knelt with a tri-color and embrac
od it, the whole audience rising; and
when the silver thrill of the bugle
sounded the solemn "march on," 1
thousande of voices took it up pas
Rioiately, and the "liberty of death"
was sung as if by a tewpest. This
was repeated three times, the rapture
of the multitude increasing with each
repotition, women weeping as they
sang. and the nen standing pale and
tearful. ''hu the applause exceeded
in fervor all that I had imagined poe
sible to even French excitability.
There was.a universal and unoontrol
lable frenzy. And every night such
scones are witnessed in nearly all the
theatres and gardens of the city."
ATTORNr-O- NRAL A [ERSANt op
SOUT11E'N RtECONSTHTie,"1N.-'P h e
Wnshington corrosp 2n.- ot. of the N.
Y. Icrul( writes to tuat parr.r it' h.i
Iows, under dato tr the 10th inst.:
It is underatuod that Attorney
General Aokerman will address the
Southern Republicans row in this city
on Friday or Saturday next, on the
duty of the hour. lie will take a
bold conservative view of the situa
tion, not calculated to afford much
comfort to a ceitain class of Southern
Radicals, whose conduct has been
guided more by selfih motives than
the welfare of their country. Mr.
Akerman holds that the South still
badly nods Reconstruotion, but that
it is the fault of the politioiua in
that section, that they are not yet in
the full possession of all their rights.
The leaders in the South, or some of
them who have mnun..ged to obtain
controlling influence, have become lit.
tle better than lobbyists and sacrificed
the interests of the country to jobbing
and corruption. In some States he
believes the lowest class of political
shysters have been chosen to legisla I
tive and other important positions.
All this ho believes must lie reformed
if the Southorn people wish to be re
instated wit': rull power, the same as
the loyal States of the North. Mr.
Aclkerman's views on this quostion and
abo in relation to the Georgia mud
dle are highly spoken of.
The right of a Japanese noble to
dlisemibowel himaajlf whenever his
rank or his honor is impugned, has
been choer fully exercised for centuries
in that delightful country of pretty
girls and pa'Aer mache. But recent
ly the insidious progress of reform
hrought the privilege of rudely dis
turbing one's entrails to the notice of
the national parliament, where an
animated debate reveailed the utmost
solieitation for har-kari, and supreme
eQntemlpt for the integrity of the
stomach. By its friend s, tire prae
tice was upheld as dignified, as an or
nament to the Elmpirc, a pillar of
religion and a spur to virtue; by its
opponents as unnecessary, unseru pu
bos and uncomfortable. Finally,
after Messrs. rAensaburo, Tomninaga,
Shiume, Akaugishi, lliorb, Hliarayma,
Shryemon, anu' other fluent and patri
otic gmntlemeon of bluest Japanese
blood, had delivered themselves, and
foteibly pretested in favor of deliver
their bo*els also, the vote was taken
and only three declared for abolishing
the custom, while two hundred were
fovrniaintaiiiing it. The aotion dew
eidos the continuance of what one of
thus sp~ealera styled "a means of avoid
ing the pain of disgrace," for the ox.
elusive)omfo*t an~d persooal dilapida.
tion of the noble, and sueh as orna
ment their girdles with the two swords
tlug desigoate.rank, and supply a coo
vgatence, essential to Japanese dignity
Ourr agsp PPy.5nI~S!- GR*N7
'IREE 'j'iLosiANDm I)LI,Alis OlAuED,
rRA NoRxc.--Wilhla.~ HI. Staih,
agn6m of thbe Home 14. )nsuran,e
U9iiap*ny ,$ ofew o)' .h*aa. ea.
mepoed a't4 .and -t ,je qgirquit. ert
a inst I..$. Grant to reoover $,Q0
foft21l,i o~ hi4 ~m.je Wtyagt p
na,sirei11o nhsa kicedg
oJlhJJ.ll *k.a4 A t fM s of hmae
for a ocp ng of teeeoa oa
a ced romigefirefore .a 4ru$t osg
ra am i.i as *tWaieat m.- .
n the bands bt Mesa. Noble & ,Hun -a
er (i eral 'ent ast e that Th ia
4,Qnt Aid not 'eoe ,tlie letter' Thm
imp of the Wyan teChief o4 the
o* With a gou.s a 29. eputy
3bVff l Ine iited on te Pro- b
ident to serve a notice of the snit.- i
t. Louis Rep4lkia, 14th. t
Fin -Jneyay [alt.narrowly es
aped,destruetion lajst night. About a
'quarter before eleten, the buildings t
onneated with Paysingor and Frank- l
in's cock-pit-i rear of the hal
vere set on fire. The frmos eomnu
iicated'te a wooden buildingadjacent,
nd from thence to Jatnoy's Hall- t
be roof of which was partially burnt. t
flre building is used as a post office, d
Lod also as au arniory for severul col
>red military companics, and Win
iboster rifles were pitched about pro- 3
niscuouily. The fire companies were y
romptly on hand, and by their ener- f
Sand skillful management, stoppei 1
progress of the flame.-Phmnix.
Qurca TnirPs To Nr.w YonK.-Thie ?
3avaunah Advertiser of Friday last, in I
ioticing the recent quick trip of the a
teamship Manhattan from this port f
o New York, makes the following on
AIlowing the difference in the die
anee, our steamers should make the f
rip in sixty hours easily, and yet
ighty is nwaror the average. Why x
ire we so much slower 1
Our Savannlk friends must be wide
iwuko if they expect to keep pace
Nith Charleston in the imatter of 'fast
ailing steamers. Charlestor can
aoast of having some of the fastest
nd finest sa-going steamers plyinqg
n the Atlantic coast. Furthermore,
the is not going to be outdone in thi,
Wednesday Morning, August 24, 1870.
Union Retorm Nominations.
Hon. R. B. CARPENTER,
General X. C. BUTLER,
Educatin and Muscte.
That distinguished scholar, Commo
lore Maury, in his late reasarks be
love the Virglnii 1Iucational Con
rention, called attention to a fact that
puts the duty and the importance of 1
education in a most striking light -
It is, that as the world advances in
science and with application of science
to art, loss and less humAn muscle is
required in the processna of produe
tion, and the prots of. labor are
in proportion to its intelligence.
Uneducated muscle becomes less 1
and lIes needed in tho various pro
oess of production, and gets no
employment. Thus it is, though
england produces many times more
f everything conducive to com
fort than formerly, one out of every
twenty of its inhabitants are paupers
supported by charity, and contribu
ting nothing towards production by
reason of their unskilifulness. This
process will go on with the advance of
civilisation, until the time wil come
that unskilled, uneduoated labor will
be equivalent to unemployed and un
needed poverty strieken misery, and
men will seek education as .tthey seek
their daily bread, for the one will be
absolutely and undissolebly cunneoted
with the other.
The possibility of the present crop
D-f cotton being sold at a sacrifice,
A'ouldl call the attenties of out peo.I
pie afresh to the wisdom of engaging
in the business of manmtacturing cot
ton, whioh will profit so immensely by
our lossos in the fall of prices of the
raw material. It is a business that .
ean be built up rapidly, and in proof,
we will simply mention the fact that,
in eleven years, it has increased ten.
Fold in Russia employing 180,000 ope
r.tIves now, against only 20,000 in
l850. Suob a fatct Is. worth more to
ntelimgnt business men than p'ages
>f caloultionsa on the profts "of the
amployme.nt. And yet i is well
known that we of the South have aa
margin of profits In the manufacture
of cotton yarns, five cents greater per
pound than any other people in the
Convinced that the estal4i.hment
of a dosen large manufacturing estab.
IL,hwent. is of more Iuportance 4o I
South Catolina thin eleting-Carpea I
bo and Butles (*hleh, ho.w wee
9ao 'dosn Ihno o* e~ win
5 g urgent to the,abjee giad
gain. We flailed eeatetim last.
teek t4 Sh4 gv'ow*b of '.Otn e
hNturs Id'elW iTders, hi Usal9,
79,m thioeusp1onm not 20 O pee
here 1. everything- to encourage aa .
e1 eUe 4 J 46 geU4
t tb la$E Agricultural Fair, that
he normai amount of cotton to be
xpoutpd annually from Georgia is;
bd o iglht to be, a full million of
,ales ; but that he felt assured that the
ron interest of Georgia, not as yet
ouched, was worth not less than tbreo
imee the value of its cotton inter
et." Now, the pig-iron branch of
he iron interest is the mcostprottable.
ranoh of manufacturing in the
Tnlen. It has increased it ten years
rom an annual produetion of 900,000
ons to an annual production of 1,
00,0001 ; that is, ib has more than
oubled in ten years. We notice
ondry upon foondry that is not ten
ear-.old, and in 1850, or twenty
ears ago, there was not a single
oundry, where now exist the- moat
roftablo foundries in the sountry.
hould we neglect interests which are
apable of such rapid growth and such
rosperous development in so short a
pace of time 1 Attention to manu
soturing at the Soutb, in its various
,ranobes, would, in ton short years,
sorease our profits at the South ive.
old, and roll a fabulous stream of
realth over our country. We need
ot move an inch out of our tracks.
cunning after fortune and wealth
lsewhere, is a pure waste of tine.
Itand still and work and grow. Edu
ate our people and set them to- work
ust whore they are, We do not even
Iced population, though it will come.
)ur population is ea oient if it will
aake use of its hands and its >rains
ust wh-re God has put it. If in ten
ears cot un manufacturing has grown
n Russia, from employing 20,000 to
mploying 180.000 people ; if; in ton
rears, pig-iron manufacturing has
noro than doubled its annual produo
ion in Pennsylvania-why should we
ontinue to fanoy that manufacturing
s a thing of slow growth, that it take.
enerations, and capital, and popula.
ion, and what-not. Pshaw I it takes
>nly a little brains,only a little ener
iy, only a little public spirit, only a
ittle less obstinate ignoranee and
>orverae immovability of character.
:t takes that, and nothing more. We
ould have a cotton manufactory in
fair$eld by January, if citizens
would choose to combine for the par
>ose and will the having of it.
To the Front.
So far as this.canvass.has proceed
id, there is much to encoerage effort
and hope. The light is dawning, and
he suffragans are seriously listening
o argument, and inquiring after- the
,ruth. It is the duty of ev:ry intel.
igent man to furnish them with infor
nation in a calm and temperate man
ier. The election can ho carried, if
itizens will do their duty, and come
rorward. to the fronat of this baarle
sgalsost extravagance, fraud anid eor
The New York Bun, edited by
Jhiarles A. Dana, says: "The over
schelming defeat of General Granst's
Administration In North Carolina
~oreshadows its downfall in all the
Oirmer slaveholding Statee.
"The fruits of the carpet-bag reig n
f the Iast five years are what might
rmye been expected. The wozld may
e searched in vain for government.
Io immoral, so shamclessly corrupt, so
iopelessly rotten, as those now pre.
railing in the South. Politicarly
hey may be abanged; but this cannot
ure orie of the sorest evils already
uflioted. These seamps bave run the
Mtatesi they rule ruinously into debt.
Piue 1nieltures conbtreh!ed by them
iav~e pYedged 'the States to the dis
ihnrge of pecuniary orbrgations cf
irushing weight, to the future redemp
ion of an enormons amounit of bonds,
and to the Imposition of onerortr tax.
as through a series of years. This
tus been done in furtherance of all
orts of schemes whereby the authors
-eap present wealth and anticipate
arger gains in the immediate future.
L'hese burdens have atready seriously
mbarrassed all of these Stnates, and
coll eigh bankrup ted some of them;
ad to save them from ruin, the reign
f the .carpet-bag robbers must be
peedily brought to an end.
"Thore would seem to be no good
eason why the honest men In these
orely plundered States shosald not
and together, Irrespective of past
>olitieat differences, and wrest theni
'it of the ,bada of the thieves that
eeil thoem. AMl the issues which
osmdetl thei adlvett een a pusslbility
atti been iet.l&d.. Let the botter
lass of old ultliros accept the aitua.
iu Iin goo,d faith, and assure the ne.
'roew that 'th'era ik to di.,,tsltion' to
nofthqh nr ew- lorn frivi
Etid herkw f( han uprising of
thqaE4,tl. ith rive out these
aVt iliai,e,aed rest,re to'the
rateMafbegh' not had sinco
Cs At: ug.0,- 180.
heashiat.nMahIfl m iaM..d
i'g qf the Reformo anJidites at this
By request of $enat4+ Wimbush,
the Reformi party agreed t aallow the
Rade to speak In turn. with them,
he, (Wimbush) signing the agreement
that no intercuption should occur
without the sanction- of the speaker.
The speaskers were introduced as
follows: Rev. Jonas Byrd, colored
reform, D. H. Chamberlain, rad, Jno.
Lee, colored reform, Purvis, , oolored'
rad, Tomlinson, rad, and was closed
by Gen. Rutter and Judge Carpenter.
An attempt was made during the
day to mob Dyrd while going from
the stand to the depot, but he was pro
tooted by whites. During the speak.
ing of the Radicale, all was attention,,
and mostly so during the ,speeches of
the Reformers, until Judge Carpenter
rose and made some remark about,
what Wimbmsh bad said, Wimbush
was standing behind the speakers
stand, and was heard to say its a d---d
lie. Some one told him to go in front
and face the speaker, whieh he did,
asking Carpenter a question, which
Carpeuter answered, Wimbush be.
came furious and called Carpenter a
d-d liar, and asked him another
question, whereupon Carpenter asked
Wimbush if he was not the chairman
who bud been the first to sign the
agreewent, Winbush said he was,
and used worse language thau before.
Dr. A. F. Wylie went ameng the
crowd to qtuiet hiram, putting his band
on Wirebush'e shouider, whiea the
negroes uiistook for a stroke, then oom
menood the row; the negroes running
off, after ttrowiog several rooks
among the aroad. Purvis and Chain
berlain attempted to draw them. back,
and begged them to listen, but re
plied by telling them (Purvis and
Chamberlain) it was a disgrace to
their party and especially to the radi
As soon as the row commenced, Dr.
R. H. Jordan went home to see if
everything was right there, on re
turning to the grove he was met by
several negroee, who hit him on the
head with a stick, and used him very
badly. A young man named Glad
den, was struck on the head with a
rock and severely wounded. Several
others were aliglrtly wounded. This
affair would hive terminated serious
ly but for the forbearance of the
MIn. EDITOR : Can you inform the
citiaaiea of Fairfield why no one baa
been appointed to organize the Re
form Party in this Coucty I
Other sections of the State are vig.
orously pushiikg forward the noble
work. Why should old Fairfield lag
behind in such a praiseworthy cause I
Can it be possible that all our prenri
nent men shrink from so patriotcr a
duty ? If such is the case, the honest
yeomanry of the country should know
An American correspondrent, who
wgas present at the battle of WVourth,
telegraphs the followirrg from CarTs
ruhe : "The French ofRoyal sconarts
of the battle of Woureb are wholly
untrue. Marsbal MoMahron was com
pletely routed. The French abra
donied everytbinrg and fned, Jearing
behrnd theri their killed,
wounded and pflrioers, niuberling
20,000, cut of &&I,I00 engaged. The!
French held a strong position, but the
Prusians fired with ter ribile preci.ion;
tihe Freneh very badly. B3oth sides.
fougjht deaperately. Finally the
Fienekh gave way in a panie."
A physician returned from the fronti
says that even the Prussians ackrnowl
edge the superiority of the French
guns Nea rly arll the French soldiers
are wounded in the legs and feet,
while lin the battle of Wonath the
loss of the J'russians in killed amud
woniaded was hrriniervue, owing to the
longer range of the chkamsepots. These
faetm, make a strong impression
on the soldiers. The same- gentleman
says the Freneh wounded were taken
by the Pr esslans into their ambulances
and treated with the utmost eate arid
kindnmees. he- .mbtulafree service of
the enemy is porfeetly organluesa.
Some four weeks ago, as anm omni
busi dashed up, to one of ths Ir-ng
Branoh hoteT.-, a ladf'a hat blew an.
dor the wlheeT andT was crurshied. H1er
di.play or good n&ttate over the ace'
den; soe stroek ena Engtis.h Lord that,
he sought an int reductionr anid they
were short ly engaged to be married.
It is now stated thant not a 'Tiu.' ddves
up to a Long Brauch bhotel bi,t that
the groucd Is so covered with bats
that the driver can't get down until
a small boy shovels ILem into a hand
A printer, not long since, i eiag
*unag by hiis sweetheart, went to the
printing-ofioe and tried to commit
suicide with lbe .shootin)g-stiek, but
the thing weplslsI goof. Tihe dovil,
wi4hing to pacify him, told him to
peep :mete, the auaetum., where tlie
pub)lisher wasn writing dirns to delip
quenti subse;ibets. .He dId so, and
thme eff'et was magleal. H1e said the
plotre of despair reeonelled Lien to
lA TAL DVyL.195.4 S.iVANJqAlf.--.A
prli1ste despateh teolved, hero yester-.
day, repote) thsooeurrane of a duel,
yesterdq ger(mg, ltween tw9, ass
tmen of .6 --~r-Mr.. Ludlow
hba, hobw of1 ..fuh9,T ge1hen,
ofti 4. f. L n
THE WAR IN EUROPE.
BERLEK, August 1.--The follow
ing additional particulars of the so
eond fight was received late last night:
Leto Monday afternoon, the frst
and seventh army corps vigorously
attacked the Frenh forces under the
walrA of Metz. A sanguinary conflict
ensued. The French were finally
driven within the city. The French
lost 4,000. On the same day a grand
reconnoissauce, led by King William,
maintain. d itself some hours within
two fines of FrencF defences, without
au effort on the part of the French to
dislodge it. 'T'hese facts show the ut.
ter deuoraliation of the 1renoh.
LONDoN, August 1G.-Thu Daily
News (sensatioLal) has a dispatch
from the continnt that the Fre.ob
have driven the entire Prussian line.
The Teleg.raph has an editorial ar
guing Prussian disasters.
Extrauts fron Frete, e-fScial belle
tins say that the Prussians are not ir
force before Strasbourg. Bitsebo still
holds out. The bridges at Tergeshiem
and Basle were destroyed by the ene
English experiments with the mi
trailleur indieate their destructiveness
at close quarters, but troops holding
them way be annihilated before com
ing in range.
The Prefect of Mena telegrarias to
the Minister of the Iuterior that Uh
lane were seet- in the neighborhood of
Cotamerey marehing towards Bar le
Due. The Prefeot eut the railwaysiu
that section' to impede the progress of
French ji>rnals cmptain of the
brevity of the dispatches from the eot
of war. E'ven the Constitutionel,
semi-off-eial, says the information is
not preci.e regardi'ng the position of
The Times sympathizes strongly
with Prussia, and rejoices in Prussia's
It is rep.)rted the Bavarians captur
ed Warsal with bixty cannon.
The report (.f the total destruction
of the Pennsylvania is erroneous.
The cargo was destroyed, but the ves
sel will be able to go to sea by the
Prussian dispatches to the Prussian
Minister here are full of triumph and
express the greatest contiden.+ in an
early and victorious result of the war.
The Joutnal Ofliciel declares Cher.
bourg, Biest, Lorieit and Roobefort
in a state of aeige.
The Fi ench left two dispatch boats
in Tiber upon evacuating Rome.
VnfDI.N, August 16-6 A. M.-No
news from Metr. Notbiug has occur
red to-day. All day yesterday can
non was heard between Metzsand Ver.
duon. Persons from that direetien say
a great battle was fought. The Prus
sians lost more than 4.000, and were
completely defeated. During yeater.
day morning, at the extre,uity of the
arrondissemjent, 28 kilometers from
the fortifications of Verdun, the ene
my had been seen direting his re
treat to the south. Though trans
nittea by authority, the government
has not been able to verify it, and it
is given to the publie under reserve
by the Ministter of the Interior.
Vaa,ssa, August 16.-Barron von
Beust denies any attempt on his. part
to mediate bet,ween France and Prus
P,RNE, August 16.--The gwiss
corps of observation has been dishanrd
The TelegFaph's P5aris cor-respon
denit writes that the French chambers
are unworthy of public respeut. Were
the ,mombera not elected .by frauds
and' coercion, they might be trusted
as thre committee of public safety.
PanIs, Anigaa )6.---Algeri'a has
been detclared in a stage of siege,
The Prinmee imperial is certainly in
Trho Times' money article says:
"Frenach victory is niecessary to pre
dispose the Emperor to treat for
JERI.iN, August Ig.--The following
dated Pont.a-3leusson, Wednesday
eveninrg, is offrcial '"The third corps
moved yesterday to the east side of
Metz, on the line of the enemy's re
treat towards Verdun, after severe
frgbtlng with four French divisions
andi the Imperial Guard. The fir,t
corp~s was sustained by the tenth and
detachmerrts of the eighth and ninth,
cotaanded by Frederick Charles.
The enemy was driven upon Metr in
spite of his anuperior numbers after
twelve hours combat. Losses oni both
aides very hea#y."
it is pretty Qertain the Prince Roy
al wss wounded in one of the battles
I etails of the Pont-a-Mousson bat
tie say that Blasaine, in attempting to
fair baci from Mets to Vorduon, was
attacked by the fiAth eokpe and com
pelled to face about. Ttie Prussians
were firm under the attack of the
fourth army corps, among them the
National Guard. Rleinforec mients are
arriving. The French found it im
possible to prolong the contest, and
retired upon Mets, losing 2,000 pris
.Gtla, two eagles mod seven cannon.
~i a, August 18-La Presse
praibos Bashine for refusin.g the armis
tice demanded by the Prussisna to
bury the dead. The peasants must
bury the dead.. Tlie nemy~ rhust on
tinue ie Nrort of annihilating the ene
may The hout- of dlonipleto victory is
near. Tboussinds of then are working
ob the Pbtis deten.ee.
An omelal dispateth from Baainn,
reocived this miortinag, claims g.'ent
'tories over -Pince Frederick
,rles and Genrial Stein mets be
t et,Dnor#$ d Bronyille.
Irla pprehondat the ehemy in
hIh oj4A1&a~ th probM
hoti' erong anin,an
dispatched to Chalons arrived in time k
to prevent mischief. s1
An Eoglisb vessel loaded with son
trabaud of war for Prussia was cap- h
tuied in the channel. The captain t
said he knew a revolution would oc- ib
our in Paris, and thought the fleet o
would be recalled ; he therefore took v
The Prussian loss around Mets is '1
40 000 ; that of the French is com- a
paratiKely small, being protected by a p
foartress. The French troops have re- e
inforced Straabourg. The Prussians s
have no siege trains, and have aban- o
doned the idea of besieging Stras- I
bourg. The Prussians retired to a
Darsenhein valley to secure their u
Napoleon has sent his valuables to
Basaino has agair stopped private
telegraphing, as by that means news v
reaches Briin. a
LONDON, August 18 -Inforrnation il
received, from Verdun this morning
says that a great battle is progressing v
near blattoir- Generals Frossard and t
Brataiile are reported wounded. p
EVENING.-A telegram from $rey
says an obstinate struggl-e occurred I
near Mars-le Tour yesterdav. The t
wounded of both armies are arriving t
at Brey. Tr'tvelcre report a vast body 1
of Prussians were thrown back upon
the Moselle by the Imperial Guard. t
I 'NICH, August 19.-There was a n
blooy battle between O ravellotte aud h
Nionville to.day. The French were
driven back to Metz. All eommuni- h
cation between Metz and Paris is do- 3
ML.DRD, August 20.-The govern- t
taent is preparing for heavy skip. t
ments of troops. for Cuba early in
ST. 'ETERSaURG, Augwst 20.-Or
loff Prussi. Minister to Vionna, is gone
to Paris. The Czar congratulated the
Selisian regiment, of whioh he is Col
onel, on its gallantry at Weissera- a
bourg; also sent the usual surgeons to. 5
the Prussian camp.
FLORENCE, August 20.-There was u
a violent debate in the Italian u
Chambers ye.terday. Deputy Vil.
lana accused the Minsiters of vio
lating the neutrality of Italy by
sending Italian troops to defend ,
the Pope. One of the Minis
ters replied that Mazzini is traveling
in Sicily under a false name. The
government is well aware of his plans,
and is determined to defeat thorn.
Mazzii would have a fair trial, but
Sicily was espeially inlaminable.- ,
Deputy Bsttani denounced the arrest
BERLIN, August 20.-The Queen
has tbe following from the King, da
ted near R"-sonville, August 19-9 P.
M. "The French army was attacked
to-day west of Metz. It position was
very strong. My conkmalnd, after a
combat of nine hours, totally routed
the French force., intercepted their8
communication with Paris, and threw
them back upon Mets."
The bon.bardnrent of Strasbourg on
Friday lasted from morning to noon,
when it was suspended for two hours. C
The return fire was almost harmless. ,
Lo%P.-N, August 20.-A rumor is
current of the sudden death of Nape
teon, of apoplexy. Though it in
positively asserted by same, it should
be acepted with distrust.
There is rejiceing among the Ger
man citizens over the Prussian victory.
liluminations and processions are fea
tures of the occasio,n,
It is stated that not more than 400,
000 Germans are between the Rhine
Thne Freqch have succeeded in vie
Fm edt riuk Charles suffered severely.
It is stated Basain~e had to weaken hia
forces while wnder fire by sending a
a regiment to defend the Emperor's
Part of the Prussian army have re.
entered Nancy anid appointed a Miay
An invasion from Luxembourg is
Gladstone has returned, and the
Canbinet been summoned to eensider
intervention for a speedy peace..
'The Queen addressed am' autograph
letter to the Kirng of Prussia urgn.g
him to accept peace proposals from
France. The Pope writes him to the
There has been a se-rious dlistur- t
bance at the Department of Vendee.
The bigoted peasantry believe thatt
the present war is the Lutheran
against the Catholic Otrureb. The
Protestants stere assailed relentlessry,.
A dreadful colliery explosion oc.
ourred at Wigan, in Lancashire.
Twenty were kdlied and many injured.
Mfany more arrests have been made
of peorsons suspected of oennectlon (
with the Villett affair.
PAnIs, August 2.-A council of
war has ordered the partial destrue.
Lion of the Bela do IBologne.
Thre inhabitants of Chalons have
been ordered to get all theograin away
within twenity-four hours.
The Frenoh War Office forbids the
publication of war dispatebes rinless ~
signed by Bazaine. a
The people of Strasbourg replicad:
"We shall never surrender." The ,
commandant, In dismissing the Prus- fi
sians, said : "Tbe people 1mav. given (
you my reply." Pusa
The Pross estimates the Pusa
loam for the lat three day. at 90,000- u
The bullion In the Bank of France hi
has deoressed 120,000,000 francs.-. a
The decrenae Is attributable to the ~
parchase of notes to pay the troops, i,
Iwhich requhires 54,009,000 franca a
nmonth. Bank notes are flye per cent.
Prince Napeleon arrived hero ye,: n
B&aaIne, whose retreat the iM 'i
stans . say they have stoppeds is in a a
poAtlows enabling him to support n
either li.s or Vo.d. lre utl *
eeps plans and movements a profound
General Troobu to-day publishes w
+ttor explaining how be desires to aid
e people, in which he says: "The'
lea of maintuiing order by force
f the bayonet and sword in Paris,
,hioh is so agitated and given up to
rlef, fills me with horror and disgusf
'he maintenance of order by ascend.
noy aid b>y patriotism freely dis
ensed in view of the knowledge of
vidot danger fills we with hope and
3renity. But this problem is ardu
us, and I can not solve i loue, but
-ai, with the aid of t ho havir.g
uoh sentimen ts. That is what I termu
ioral aid. The nionment iuay arrivo
hen imalefaetors, sceing us defend
)g the city,. will seek to pillage..
'hose hone,t tmust sriiza them."
CEwxawt,.ti, Attgimt 20.-Three Ba
arian divi..irn,ta itnveet Strasbourg,
nd a fourth is harrassing the. retreat
ATENS, Augu t 20.-Two German
esel:s louded with oil have been oap.
ued. Nothing from the front.. The
ublio are very anxious..
Barss .e; August 20.-A Paris
3tter says Marshal MoMabon is re
renting on Paris, and will avoid bat.
le unless he can. form a junction with
The Etoil'e Beige announces that
io Emperor was extremely ill Wed."
esday as Ch.aluns. It aleo- intimatee
s eowteipLated abdieation.
TuRONTO, August 20.-A great fire
as broke out within a few hundred
ards of Ottawa.. The canal was out
n Rood the burning district, andu
soopa ordered to. the assistance of
Lie eitizens. Business is suspended..
Naw YoRK, Aug. 20.-Evening.
"otton flrmeir; sales 1,300 bales ; up
ads 19.. Gold 15.
CHARLESTON,. August 20.-Cotton.
teady-middlhoge 171 ; with. sales of
0 bales ; receipts 6 bales..
Ltv.ta-ooL, Aug. 20.-Cotton firm
.plands D ; Orleans 9O ; sales 18,
Henry Clews & Co.
We take occasion to titition another
ery ramarkale success of the above
rm. They have lately taken on the
anking of several important raiwar
nmpanies and somehow new businWs'
f the first class seems daily drifing to.
lie house. Mr. Clews though of our
ounger bankers, has neverthtekas been
good while in bus.ness, and. ha lbong
njoyed a national reputation. in- hia
rofes.ion. Q'tiet, urbane,. never op
reased with care or gra.ve unh-r the
eight of heavy affairs, in Wall'-srreeet or
S$OCIety,. at his bank, atike dinnertable,
rob t4he seient ific meeting ;-always easy,
4 though *ntsoucirant, as the French,
ave it, yet never pushi.ng himself or his
iewa, he hard-ly prepares us for the
tzrprises which, in- ike social of the-hanc.
ng wold, he takes oceasion. so often to.
nact. These elltet aehievements im
ort chlaracter beyond mere talent., and'
his is wi:nesse-d also by the large list
f clients of the best sort who hold to
nd belit-ve in- him, while new ones of
besaame kind are constantly rtsorting
o his house. The London firm is.
Ilews,. abmehl & Co , No. 5. Lothbmy
We have already notmced t,he estmib
ishmenmt in L~ondon of a branch of mihe
iew York honse of Henry Cle w., & Co.,
nd-er time firm name of Clews, HTabicht;
c Co. Thre extensive nature of the
tininess tranisacted by these bouses
may be gathered from the following
qt., of wh,ich they are the Bankers arnd
Pinaineial Ag'nt's : For the State ot
ilabama ; thme City of Be'nnswick,
)eorgia ;: Burlington, Cedar Ra pid-i anid
Jitmmeoia Rail Road Comnpanjy, of'
leorgia ;- Seman, Mariotn andl Meiphia
tail Road Company ; Memphis, H olly
iprings, Okolona and Selma RiI Road
Jonpmny ;Sehmua and Gulf: Rail Road:
lompamrty ; W ininigmon, Charlotte aind
i.nthier.ord Ramii Rond Company; Car
erasville amid Vuin Wert Rumi Roaid Com-n
any, of Ge 'enm ; I he Burhuagton amid'
lont.hwe.st'o -i mil Rioad. Cornpanyv, oiF
owa ; Bauhmi,mo.-, Ohio and Mic-higawr
fail Road Com~np*nyv; Western Nuor,h
3arolinia Rail road Company, (Eaihster
)ivision,)arid the Nat ionail Insumrance
iuinipany, of New jYork.-- W4'll-strceer
WnA-r SUMvTa~ 1a Do)NG.---The last.
wo weeks lias witnessed a channg. of
enimment aimong our people, in favor o06
he canudiC'ates of the Reform puar;y,.
rhmich aurpasres, inso brief; a period of;
me, even our most honpeful, especta--.
ons. We said in a late i.aua. that our
'ople wore true as- eelt. We know
f whom we smeakl. Thie great heart.
I otur white peol is being stirred, and.
hiny are comkme u. to th. support of
iarpenter andl Etutiep i sobd phetemnx
H Ier anid there only a dissentting voice.
heard, except amom.g thme avowedL
,hite Raduicatls, who. are few in nun.
We have cheeingacomtem, too, from,
lie cokared peoplne in various parts of
he counttry. Many pf them, we are
,ave dissatma.ne dwhmth gheir pre*seet
'nders, anid desire a change.-- Wafth
A Goon EXAxmLI.-Ex,.Congress.
ian Whittemore withldtaws his name
-om the candhidary of the l4orysecond
'otigress, and promiises to use for the
Liecess of whoever may lie the favorite
f the Convention ihe anime energy and
ntiurig effort whioh lhe hei pItt forth in
ii own behalf." E4ven WitteI'ore is
fraid to tie his fortunes to those of
bott a'id Ratnaler. The rate are leay
ig thme sinking ship-Ches. .Nu.
Why do you not admIre my daugh.
sr 1 said-a proud mother to-a gentl e
mann. Because, hev.replied, I am no
addge of paintings. Dat surely, ro
lied the lady, not in the least dison-.
mrted by thi. rade- aeSeotion, you
sver saw as angel tha6 was not palat