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Desportes & Wilhams, PropnetorsJ] A Family Paper, Devoted to Science, Art, Inquiry, Industry and Literature. [Ters---$3.00 er Annum In Advance
VOL. VI.] WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 9,1870. [NO.21
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The Sword of Lee.
BY Kxv. A. J nYAN.
Forth from Its sabbiard. pure And bright,
Flashed the sword of Lee
Far In the front of the deadly fight.
liigh o'er the brave in the catuse of right,
its stainless sheete, like a beacon light,
Led us to victory.
Out of its scabbard, where full long
It slumbered peacefully
11oused from its rvst by he batf tle song,
. laielditng the feeble, smiting the strong,
Guarding tle right, ivengirg the wrong
Gleamed the sword of Lee I
Forth from its seab:trdl, hlth in air,
Beneath Virginia's sky
An i they who saw it gleaming there
And knew who bore it. knelt to swear
That where thal sword led, they would darc
ro follow and to die.
Out cf its scabsbr.i. never hand
Waved Rword fron stain as fre.i,
Por puter eword led braver baud,
Nor braver bled for a brighter land,
Nor biighter land hl a it icause ns grr.td,
Nor cause a chief like Lee!
Spetrh of lonorable Horace Capron.
ly firetocunsel would be'-practic
a rentorative. instead of an exbaustive
system of .griculture. A sastetm thut
envolves abandonment of lands, and
retnuval to new scent., is unworthy of
age, aud a reproach tu modern. oivili.
No man is worthy to be a ftrmer
who does tit antnually leave his land
in better t,LI h and strength than lie
ftuud it. The intelleut must share
mo.re hagely with umu'sele the toil of
syricult tre ; machiuery dirceted by
skilled labor, awl propelled by brute
fteco, and also by the unighty power ol
Stesu, u.,t t.,ke the place of expen
sive and ieoffioIlent human strength.
Thin change, as I abaid in this State a
year ago, "involves the necessity for
emaller tarms, bettpr.,culture, liberal
- ~use of mianure, rotation in cropa, and
a larger working capital in proportiot
to peimanent invetment. You are
already spending millions annually ot,
the old lands of the Atlantic S.tet
for commercial fertilizers. While I
would commend a judioious expendi.
ture in this direction, I would niake
this a basis .of a practical rotation
with a coui se of grasses and other res.
torative agencies of scientific agricul
ture. The butiness of Agriculture
should be an industry and not a spee.
ulation. The insane pursuit of special.
ities has long been a curse to A tmerien
agriculture. A whole community runts
wild upon hops, when selling at flfty
cents per pound, and in two years
they are scorcely worth the price o
picking, and extravagance begotten ol
high expectations is forthwith follow.
ed by bankruptoy. Whent bringstwo
dollars per bushel, and whole States
become wheatfields, while every other
interest languishes, until the bread
crop becomes so abundant as to fed to
swine in preference to shipment for
human food. The sheep, with
* wool at one dollar per pound, holds
high placee in popular esteem ; but
is kicked from the pasture by evecry
Randolph of the farm at tue flest, in
dication of a heavy decline in thet
- value of its fleece. In your section,
cotton, a great boon to your agricul.
ture .as a constituent In your aggre.
gate of production, may becomie an
unmitigated evil if left to usurp the
place of all etheroropas. The crop oi
last year prQduced a hundred millhion
of dollars more than onse,'flty per
ciii, largear tean years ago. Three
millions of bades nmay command a
profit of $40 per bale, while five nail
hanst may not bring a dollar above
their cost. But present profit is not
the moain considlerattion. The increase
,9In value and enlargement ot the pro
Sductive capacity of the sil, bya
judioious rotation, including the res
to rative it.fluenoes of green cropping
'I and etdte feeding, in an inacreaso cl
capital, a source oft larger annual in
come, tan addition to the inhecritanet
of one's children, It not only insuret
a prolit froma cotton culture, but en.
ables the planter to pocket the entire
proceeds of its sale, other products
feeding min and beast. This leada
i.. ne to another word of conns~el name
PRODUCE MOnE AND BUY LESS.
As an Individual groiws rich b
what he saves rather than by what he
mksoa communit y thriven by the
the extent of its halts, flow oftete
has the money received for a crop o1
cotton tailed to discharge indot ted.
neos Incurred fior all other supiplies.j
Ilow many planatiolns have beem
mortgaged to seoure such debts '1 The
day wrill comne, If wise counsel sI
h) eteded, whoa the produots .of cottor
will be all surplus, other produota
i paying the expunse of the farm.
t 'have received, officiailly abundont
S testimony from individual success and
~Jfailures, of the superior profits o1
mixed husbandry with cotton, I an
positive in th1( ~nviction that the
permanent prosperity of thete States
depontds upjoa a u.ore diversified
agriculture. W hile it is true that a
large cotton orop may produce actual
- ly lees money than a small one, no
asae man will question the political
economy which adds to this source of
revenue manay others, which together
make an aggiegate many times lar
For sonhc years to come the cotton
manuf eturus of the wiorld cannot con
tribute to the indubtry of these States
more than two or three hundied mil
liottuf dollars per annum; while the
total production with the variety
required to realize the highct capabil-I
ities of soil and climate, should comn
mand a thousand millious, and two
thousand might be obtained within a
period of ten years, if the whole popu
ationD, with recruits from other States
and from Europe should unite all
their efforts and their industry for
the accomIplilinet of so grand an
object. The combined value of all
rther products is even now inaterially
laiger than the value of cotton, but
the proport ion Ahould be increased till
it shall at least stand five to one.
The cheapebt beef and cheapest wool
produced in the country are now the
product of the grasees of the gulf
The annual sales of animal products
should soion lie made to exeeed great
ly tbo value of the cotton crop. The
wine industry of France produces
three hundred millions of dollars an
nually, and supports a population of
six millions ; then why should not
your sunny slopes, best suited to wine
production of any section of the con
tine:nt east of the Rock Mountain.,
Comp.te with the foreign vineyards,
at least in our own markets I
There is no reason why we shnuld
smnd abroad for a pound of sugar,
hough home production was last
year but ten per cent. of the consump.
tion, when Louisiana alone has suffi
eient ar<a to supply the pr. sent wants
of the country. Your fiuits in won
dorful %ariety, including those of the
Iropios, the pordnets of whieh figure
largely in our iupoits, should annual
ly add millions of dollars to the
wealth of the coubtry. Scores (.f new
an-] useful plants should be added to
thke Yet of those alieady la cultivation.
I am yearly adding many, through the
Department of Agriculture, among
the tost promnisinag of %fhich, the
present season, are the corchorue (or
jutt.) and the cinchona, which yields
the quinine. I chall continue the cx
poriments of acclimitizatian, hoping
to render you material aid in your
efforts in divemsifying your agrieultu.
rl industry. In close connection
with this idea of variety of product Ion
permit ine to present my third item of
MANUEACTURE YOUR OWN COTTON.
If England, by the magic of labor,
can make a dollar's worth of your cot'
tonl produce two dollar ,and if France
by still more delicate manipulation,
can make it yield three, why should
not your people with willing hands to
work, and abiumlait water and fuel
for power ma uf'acture a large portion
of your cri), it, least into yarns and
aid coarse iabrics 7 and thus add to
the annual value o- your indutries a
hundacol millions maore. Thus you
may save freight storage, commissions
the profit of manufacture, and build
loeal markets to consumne more o the
edible products of your agriculture.
Here in Augusta you have finished
a notable illustration of the feasibili
ty and profit of manufactring, j i a
enterprise of magnifieent proportions,
t wo-thirds of the capital of which lhas
come from its owu not earnings. You
have already other similar works, and
should establish themi itn every direc
tion, enlarging them from their own
profit, unitil a large share of your cot
ton shall be nmnufactured within
your own borders.
Manufacture is allied to Agrioul
ture, while eommerce is an expensive
n on-produtctive go-between. There
'are low inteorests of agriculture which
do not involve manufacture. In
dairy fan ming, milk is sold with no
aid of manufacture, execept as it is
"extended" by'aid of the pump, but*
cheese and butter are the products of
manufacture, whtieh last year yielded
1the value of two hundred and forty
six millions of dollars. Flax and
hemp can only reach the market:
through certain processes of manu
facture ; .wheat must be thrashed,,
corn shelled ; hops, carefully kilo..
!dried ; so with many other crops;
indeed the farmer must necessarily
be a manufacturer. High farmiog is
always and only found in connection
with manufaoturing skill In extending
the raw products of agrIoulture ; and
no purely agricultural nation can ex
peet to attain wealth, a high state of
civilization or great political power.
IThese are facts which should be care
fully pondered, and promptly acted
Wh' y Is not the South toeday the
great manufacturing sectioh of the
country ? It Is far better adapted to
nsuch an Industry than any other sso
tion. The answer may be found, rn
a paragraph from a former o.'llIal
s~ttement emarnaing frotu the . De
partmneat of Agriculture relating to
"The paato nprgreu kas baes
sq-ially open to all ; laws supposed to
f.var a diversified induotry have been
applicable to all States alike ; the
beat water power and chapest coal
are in States that make no extensive
use ofeither ; middle olimated, and
supeiior facilities for chet-p transpor
tation have furnished advantages that
have not been trannmauted into net
prontit ; and yet such coranmunities,
daIly inflicting irreparable injury
upon theuraelves, by neglecting the
gifts of God and el-uruing the labor
of man, are wont to deem themselves
it-jured by the prosperity fiwinsg
from superior iudubtry, and a practi
cal economv "
As a cbsing suggestion-one in
which the whole future prosperity of
your States is involved in an ernent
degree-pormit me to implote you
GlvlI. PROFITABLI LABOR TO ALL YOUR
Depend not upon the coolies of
China, or the people of Eurol.c, until
all your people, of whatever color,
condition or capacity, have fu-ll em
ployment for mind and wusele in de
veloping the wonderful capabilities
under your control.
The practical question of the day is
not where ahall we procure more labor
but, rather how can we utilize atid
profitably employ the varied capacities,
Lastes and inventive powers of every
individual of our preent population ?
What can each accomplh with the
be.t re-,ilts I Wha.t can te done for
the em ploymentor men practised in
no skillful employment I What for
indigent women, nnd even childrtn,
dependent upon their own exertions
for subsistence, fur an education
and rdvanced sLoclal pobitions? The
State that firnis.hes employment for
every eon and daughter, labor suited
to every capacity and taste, heavy
toil for the unskilled and plodding,
dexterous and delicate manipulation
for the artistic, effort with soul in it,
for the i-steilcotual, will become In
stinot with life, energy, progress,
wealth and contortntot. Then labor
will be cheerful, toil a pleasure, and
its benificent resulti enhanced be.
youd the highest expectation. Such
results can never follow the practice
of a few rude itidustries.
It is only a truism to say that tie
wealth of a country is the aggregate of
its labor beyond its requirements for
subsistenee. Yet the truth of the
saying is not sunfiently realized.
The hirgest results in ae-ut.nmulation
can therefore, - only be obtained by
becuring thie best and mnott effle:ive
efforts of every individual. All must
unite, then, and with heart and will,
mind and musc'e, e mtribute to the
great end of enriching beautifying
aid blessing thi-, glorious land.
I amn satisfied that a ne w era is daw
ning, that the rule of one idea is
weak, and that the divereifiotion of
production has already commituenced
opening a career of activity and a
vitta of beauty unwitnessed in the
brightest day of thi. nation.
Notwithstanding all his bluster
Wenedell Phillips is endowed with
elear and piercing insight. Tile inn.
pelling causes, the driht and the pro
bable results of current events, are
distinely discerned by him. ' So, too,
are the charaoteriatics of the men
who now figure promrinently and ae
tively in polities. His declarations
that Grant is the atrongeost man in the
country to-day ; that hes has the char
acter and the average brain which rep.
reunts the loyalty and intelligenco of
tire Ameorican people ; that he can
nnke sure of that confidence from the
people which moans that they believe
the honor and the, interests of the na
tion are safe in his hands ; that lie
answers to the desoriptiou of the man
who is the successful one because he
refleots the sentiments of the largest
number and keeps ina the front rank;
that he6 hut ahown great judgment,
and, above all, has~ maintained for the
colored people a steadfast frendship,
when numerous promrinent members
of this~ party shirked their duty ; that
his strong conmmnon sense,.uniuted to a
firm will and~ a true patriotic spirit,
ha, held him straigh t to the line of
duly the peeople desired ho should
pursue ; butt that lie is not supportod
by a Congress which is selfish and diriv
oiling, does not interpret the wants
and aspirations of the country, deals
ini jobs, has no broad polioy and is
inscomensurate with tire growth and
intelligence of the country-all these
declarations of Wendell Phillips will,
doubtless, be endorsed by the Amern
can people as emuphiaticailly true.-N.
To be courteous in time of peace
is not bad. To be courteous in time
of war ahove a noble spirit. The
Germans have always been rated far
below the.French in polite and polish
ed bearing - but the genejral order
lately IssueJ, copqeloued officrs tio
salute all, French ofneers now held as
prisoners'by .Gerrmany .with the same
pbservano, Ge~rman pfcers ,o
like rank, show a heighth and depth
of good breedlpg to which the Frepeh
do not seem to hiave yp6 s gisi.
Trussag offics . are also to *nqlute
Freneh offigere ip tbe Sase mnaanpf
jthat the7 .1a) e ,perp ,oos of
the same rank an4 Ina tis smatter
Frenoh offeers pro requestod to tbe
lnitaties when a maeting occnra.
Wars of the Cemlury.
Turning over doh annas of the sev.
enty years which lave elapsed since the
ad vent of tile ninetentli cenitiry, We
are met with the i..c2 that war has ex.
isted abousost. coiinnaily it some one of
the civilizetd nations of the earlh. Tlhusj
a still isticiani states that lflitg I l :al;o
has waged forty-ninto wars since 1800.
or these, there hive been three w hit
France, two un.i liunesin, fivo with
Chnt wo w ith Denmark. Iwo with
I lul:'.Id, two with Tonkey, two With
Burimath, two with Persia, one with
the United States, one with Prussia;
one with Spain, one with Sweden, one
with Paritigal, hn-t. oi with Ngvpt;
the oiliars wvere novlv waged in India,
New Zeilan*C and Abyssinia. During
tsame time Francet has engaged in
thirty-seven wars, viz: lour with Aus
tria, ihre.. with Russia, three with Prius
sia (including the presetit wa-.) three
with Ingland, four with the Arab
tribes, two each with Mexico, Chna.
p:an, Holland, anlld Turker' and one
each with Portugal, llayii' Switzer
land, Denark, Sweden, Algiers, Mo
roeco, Paragoay, Japan, and the Ro
man Repibibe. ltn'sia showl - a list of
itw% enty-one wars: Auiiria twelve, and
Pruss.ia sevei. All tiese wars were
wag.-d by tie leidiiig poiweirs of.he Oh-1
World, andi do lid! timelnaie the many
revol ionary m1ovenents slippressed at
an immtatenie exp jend ittire t 4)100.1 and
treasure. A mig tl:e half civilized ind
barbarie iiliabitants of A Sia and Africa
war has beii waged nithiout cessition
albeit tle vict ims of thi:4 erribte scoirge
have be.en far less in number than
aionig more civilized people. On this
Continent, the dread evil has lipen quite
as often felt. Ill Mexico anid Suth
America, there has beent a constant
SucceS11in of wars, while our own conn.
try heas been *"d.-iaiml with fraternal
bl )Ad," anl has beeni almost iiiessami21ly
enlgaged in wiars with the Indin tribes.
With lie huimean race, therefore, a
state oi wair seems to be I i'e rule and
a staite of peace the exception. When,
if ever, will these cunditions be reversed.
A Touching linident of the Flood-A
Husband that Tried to Save ils Wife
James Shile, a yioung man was living
with l8 wifei, to whoni ie had beien
wedded abot. five mionthi, otn Overton's
I-hand. When tie Ilomil si'.. pt away
ia house, on Priday night .V. 111pped
himsell for a mightv swhai, an,' taking
his wife oin his back, lie lanniited on2t. ilto
he. riung wa~t.r, hpig a siike aI
tree, 4r soth of lie at rong Ioslses that
1111d not yet yiohhi-d to the waves. H6'
bravely strioguled along, holding to his
precious htird,-n, ain-l seizing o:e- object,
after another, unly to find it give way
udiller his grasp. HXis wi'a entreated
hiim to let tier g. an save himself
'-You are niot preparoed to (it, fmy%, dear
husband, aind I trisi I am," were her
words. At las. hI. caiught. by the water
tanilk on Hall's Island. ut, lie soon lost
hi hold and was once it or adrift ini
the floiod. 111 next canight the branch
CS (if a floaiing tree, on which lie sup
ported himsetll for a few minutes, andi
lifting tp his wifi's head, wlieh. l he
had been iniabhe 'o keep tbove the water
he ouid that she was dead. The
boeloveid form which hI, had borne for
live hundred yardo, now cold and life.
less, dlroppe~d from his grasp and disap.
paiared benieath Iiheii yellow waters. Th'le
strong swimmuer 2triugpiled on, anid soon1
at rnack the end of thei burnit mill on~
Heck's Ishjind, where he rested for a
few mninutes, and then reached a tree
growing tt, fronit of the row of brick
htouses already imentioned ; fromi the
t..-eehbe roini'hed e reof --!emr oif lh
houses, and planting hiimiself behind one
of the c'hiiiimey, remiained utntil
brought off on Saturday.
GarKKtaY AxoD CJoco~to- CRAKIoNG.
--The black W~est Pointt caidat, Smith,
who has1 been coutrt-Martialed for sever
a) oiffences, inchiding, lymng, as9 uharg
ed miitih breaking a cocoanw:, dipper
over the cocoanut heard of Cadet WVilsuon
(whiite). This mode, of expreswing his
reseti ent seemns to gratify thte Tribmno
which ilooks upon Wilson's head on that
occeaii oa the collectire hceads of all
whiite cadets who hia~ i sntbbed the
the black endet. llThe Tribune concludes
that. Smaith has2 "Inst no standing" hv
the coconnut smasI~hinig. We wonder
a t the Tribunire's ihinerfls---its SWeet ness
on2 Smith1. It hias not1 been given to
favoritng the the crackinig of cocuannite.I
If a rehel were to bre'ak ai coconniut
over p..(reednmaii' lieatQ it woiuld talk
very difeirently about it It regarded
Sum mer's lead as the cotllectivl heads of'
all phdlanthiropistw, but it certainly did
not consi,!er that Brooks's standinig
was unhnirpaired by craicking i th dieU
A medical journal in New York has
made the discovery that half the
diseases whioh effect modoro humanity
are to be attributed to carpets. The
writer eserts -that carpeted rooms
constaiatly ooupled contain taililios of
partiolee of hair, octiil , epithet.
Iiumovu les, fungi, and oth r organl6
Imatter, which, sot' ia' imotipsp ythe.
trpfling skirts of the womeon, wa e thy
'air alive wish jnfecin, and Sf1 our
nostrils aned tupgi .witli te seeds 'of
.everything l4orrible, iaoeI
'l'hat is Eud ,fpropt.daesr
oar petless rooms will save ase and our
children from those myterious moo
stes the "enithallamoatls
LeaIp for Life-Conragiros let of a
YII Lady of Georgia.
'The $.ssa.te: Roputlien, of the 17th
ult., alit r givinig nus ae;ount of a des
trtative iirt, inl that towu goes on to
" I'bl re is one act connected with
this en a.uity deerving particular
imenouts, whieh cau*cd a diiplay of
brav. v asnd c'ur..ge never surpaesad
and but seldom ega'.alled, and which
maik: its author ass a pe.fect heroite.
Miss Sallie Maxwell, ins her effrts to
s8.ve everything valuable in the house
that sihe could, was delayed in the
ecC.m)d a ory of the buildii.g until the
fire had destrs-yed the lower atory so
WOl that these was1 danger of the
%aV1ll1 falling in evary nsliute. Seeing
her danger, die gathered a few articles
for the purposo of taking a final
Wave of the house. On entering
the hall frum the roum ahe was in, to
her horror aud dismay she saw that
die stairs was in a solid ftame. There
was cnly one way for escape now, and
that was through the upper windows,
whore the fiory element hAd not com.
suniclsated itbelf. Going out on the
top of the colonade her geful situa
Liou wias Istnedlately realised by the
crowd below, and thd anxiety depicted
in every countatuace showed the deep
Feeling that stirred the soul of every
Dne. A ladder was brought, but it
vas too short to re-ch the roof, and
wa.s of no avail. With the crackling
lames behind and around, and making
ihe mout ra.itd headway imaginable,
avery sheut was precious beyonI
1wijut ation. Tile only chance for
l;fe now was to jump from the high
place on which she was standing. A
tuattress was brought, and firmly held
by strong mien, with a spirit undaunt.
3d and intrepid, she tilale the leap
rrom the point she enoiapied, embrac
ing is. its curve at .sist sixty feet,
reaching the ground with comparative
safety, aid, with the exception of the
shock and conoussion of so high a
jusp, entirely unhurt."
Tu. LAunzNs AyrAia.-The Lau.
rensville Herald has the following ac
3ount of the ossaulties in the fracas
that occurred in that county on the
13111 Fleming and Bill Griffin,. and
Alfred Moris, wounded, all colored ;
Votney Powell, Bi.M Riley, young
Abe Sinmnons, Wade Perrin, Young
simpson and one other, name not
Moeit of theOe were inmates of that
infamous den, "Tin P.st." Perrin was
% candidate for the House of Repro
ientatives. Powell was a recent com
)r to this town ; was one of Soctt's
sonstubulary; was a Rad ioal candidate.
ror Probate Judge, and manager at
the recent elention, the only white
aman hurt. Bill Riley was one of the
guard over the arms at "Tin P0t."
[n addition the large amount of m.
muinition and arnis stored in Crewt.9
barn, the cottage ia which the con,
itiahulary slept, in Crows' yard, was
liso largely supilied with Winchester
The arm.i taken possesion of by the
Bhesff and placed in the basement of
the Cuurt, Ilouso ou the evening after
the outbrenk, were setzed by the men
ivhso camie here during the night in
go at numbers, probably two thsouwand
mounted men. The office of Tral
Justice Crows, ini "Tin Pot," was
badly smashied and gutted. Except
rur the efforts of thi. ShieriX, under
thec order of the Court and prominent
:itisos, the outraged cit isins who had
enfired uponi from 'Tin Put,"t would
save mado pursuit and many lives sac
A J3:.'ion lelA AT CANZtLTon.
SEPA'5...LNnonoEs K(Z.L.:n.' -Speniial
telegramu to the Commsnercal.
Dharlesiton, W. Vs.., Oct 27.--A fiht
acorred bet ween two negro.. and she
rerryman at Oanneltism, West Vir
linia, on Thursday last, The ferry
nan, it is said, struck one oft the nie
Sroes with a boulder, from the ef
sot s of whicoh he died soon after, hi.
skull being broken. Th, other negro
hon went for the ferrymwan and re.
,ogved a hatchet, buried to the ese,
bet ween the aboulders. Some twenty
,thcr negroes inised In, anid perhapsm
Is ms-ny opn the ferrysans'e side. A
number were wounded on eaoh side.
l'ho ferryman, ubo is sd to be a
boy, has cleared out.
How Secxscsm 1I0orsD TO WIx....
The Cincinnati E~iquirer says: "A
Demsoeratio friend of our, from Pte.
ble ouany Inforsna wa that he never
saymoney; soanibtushingly sad opes.
ly ubed I ii elc.-ton, as In the laise
ictntest sa tho ,i'hIrd DIetriot by -the
friends of Gen. Sehenelg The, New
Iagl.nd: nistafsptirers 'oontribuated
ts ee-of bhouead.- of- dei1ars to
ileet -their ; aght and :.stoidbey,
Sehenek, and it wae mos.
Fh. massee deservem .v esel
Iperuing the bribe."e:
Bedford post oe sd ay. d Zs
Lo4ieavenly Taither" is etiS fe
ropaymn6 of -postagd.
bat his brain wasouBves asegqgwst
the followInir *Io It o3,.'t
IIlled at a Tournament.
The true Georgian gives the follow.
ing account of the sad death of a
"kulght" at the recent tournament at
We are pained to chroiole the death
of our friend and esteemed fellow
citizen, N. E. Kenny, Estq., who wna
killed yesterday afternoon at the Fair
Groundsa, where he was contending for
the prize in the grand tournament as
one of the knights. We were within
a short dibtance of him when the hor.
rible accident which deprived him of
a life so Auddenly took place. M r.
Kenny had just fnished a gallant run
at the head and rings, and was riding
back to the starting point in company
with Mr. Hightower, of Griffin, a
brother knight when, in a friendly
spirit of euulation, both engaged in a
race fora short distance. Mr.;Kenny
was riding a very wild horse and
when near the point where the horses
of the waiting knights were grouped,
a loose horse ran %aross the track.
Mr. Hightower's horse collided with
the animal, and he was thrown from
his horse, severely injuring himseir.
Mr Kenny's horse shied, and rau
with fearful force agairnsit the fence,
throwing his rider over it down the
embankment. Mr. Kunny atruck
with his head against a stump, whiebh
inflioted a deep and fatal wound o er
the left eye, fracturing hic skull, and
producing death in about thrte
mninutes. When Dr. Godfrey hurried
to the spot he found the heart still
beating, but all attempts to save his
life failed. His remains were plactl
in a wagon and taken to his home in
the western part of the city, accon.
panied in mournful proeossion by t ha
knights, in their uniforme, in a body.
Expelled from the League.
The Darlington Democrat prints
the following letter fromn a colored
Republican who endeavored to Reform
bia party by deolining to %ote for
bla. Entrou- desire to make
known to the public that I ant m loni
ger a member of the Union League.
I was expelled from that ansciation
last night, because, in the exeacise of
my pritilege as a free man, I saw fit
at the late election to strike the namo
of B. F. Wh;eaoitmo- r -m a , ticket.
I did not thank tih linm h a
Radical Congress had pa uneuudi-il un.
worthy of association with gentlemen
ini Washington, was a fit representa
tive of my interests in the State Sen
ate, and therefore I openly struck his
name from my ticket.
Mr. Whittemore was present at the
meeting, and declared that if I re
mnained in the league be would never
again attend its meetings.
The simple announcement of my
expulsion for the reason given will
prove whether a miember of the
Uniou League is allowed to vote as he
please.--to exercise according to his
judgment the high rights and privilege
of a citizen of a free country.
I am, very respectfully,
Ituvus H. YANN.
SB.UeNO FitowERftS.-Almost all
flowers sloop during the night. The
marigold goes to bed with the sun,
and with him rises weilng. lany
plants are so sensative that thir
loaves close during the passage of a
cloud. The dandelion opens at five
or raia In the mornintg nad aats at
tane in the evening. 'Tho goaat'sa
head wekes at three in thec morning
and shatsat five or six in the eveinmg.
The common daisy shuts up its blossom
in the evening and opens its "day's.
eye" to meet the early beam of the
mnogping sun. The crocus, tulip, and
many others, close their biosom at
different hours toward evening. The
lvy-leaved lettuce opens at eight in
the morning, and closeos forever at
fourt in the afternoon. Theb night
flowennag corus turns night into day.
It begins to expand Its magiifoent,
sweet-scented blossom in the twilight,
It is fgll-bidena at nmidtnight, anid
*loes aelter to. opent again with the
dawn if the day. In a clover field
rnot a leaf opeds until after sunrise.
So says a cel ebrated .English amuthor
who ha. devoted much time to st udy
of plants, and often watched 'Ihem
during their quiet subiaders. Those
plants which senm to awake all aught.,
he styles" the hats, and owls of the
RAPtID TRAar6~ AvIoNs.--Te
Paris Monitent, ins 1a15,' then the
orga of [Louis XVIIU., thus from day
to dal rqoorded the prog ress.f the
* rat Nlapoleon froin Elbha to l'aris :
"1ThethrophdphasgIak has escaped."
"The diegslean O)gro- bea'al'.
"Tb. Tigeri. coming.". "Thie'Monster
hos slept at. Ortenobe.*t "Tb. Ty.
gaq bas Arrived et Lpus.'' "The
Usurper has bquo Bebp N, the E~nvi
toen of lts.' "Beh'ayarte Ad
Yenoe* Towards, but will' Newvb En
ter the-Capital#t *.Zapoleon will he
IlAn .aa Ta atgp atqmorrow."
fl Enee the
on M0farch ~n the
li aitifW8 6)Mjtst."
: Wepefi.w4dlaia. to: -iave ,'been
on sore.* movernent wan
~e twet-two years ago, and they
4.~be to a4aIt the necessay ege.
Sou1h Carolina iLctionI.
'iT retims of the election recently
helid in South Caroina aro not yet Su .
ficienit to present In ofilsal estimate of
the resuls. Butt if the unprincipled,
despicailu treachei v an d bare faced
Iascality of Gov. Soat. a.d ais adlie.
rents are to form any imlex to what the
declared resut will be, we fear that our
fricids of siter Caroat have their
burden of oppressioni aind dishone-tv ini
t he~ presenCice of t hie n 'ineW led cre c o
runniig t 0ir.4 er t% e aml speed.
mg to t(h billows ,1 deLstructin, ligain
faisten d1 upol Lthim for an1 (iedlitionalil
The iRf .rmer have had a mi ghty
task-as magh'y as it. was nioble. They
einve matflly ehat .tid against the fearful
nuercall dd of millprilcipled li n It'llgs
to resem. iiheir Siate from sich igntble
and Inos nnlis e. But anis, what
are st rugglets i the deleice of right, and
jttiici aug. liust the towers of oppression
whell bul'.h1 )owetr and its tminlions.4 inl
everY 'laution a 1 ire org.!anized againt
them ? We bievea inl thle God inspired
pn nulph- t ha t.
,( at-rupion iv ir not mure than honesty,"
4 I le | l atioLi, - reseilt, aii a ipep l t
kie great ulica lia.t I so long enforcud
uponmlil thet- Sou1iith ; but, Ihl.,erieae. of theOf
ay rt "in.ghht, make's right" haIs met,
wh a :t emporary el'velpet. anad stue
S 't'siniig tuoo Of'.lI Ii he defl'e.at of
viriuous 111 haiinlligentlort
Tiet elhetion in So. uth Caroliina has
been entirely V tider .he control of Gov
teror do6'.t. .. ha I[,, s hid thee appoint.
tiet dl his own ptdloI.Iers, and li
experienc-ed no dilliuelhy in linding min
It (arry ow, ni'. h 7ci f he imiela unl
prililled se!wm'too. Poor days tihe bal.
1.)?-hoxesI4 wver 141e to) ih fith'Mfu/ guiar.
dinsl .ip if the inmumculate poli-holders
and loi cin for im momnent. doiblt, tle
reulh, of thi guaritdi iji and its imus I
Thena, tegaiin, no registnritta was recquir
ell, and how many (A 1ith thon atd of
lbeitin! negroes u ero so fir wantilng inl
their allegi'me to their Union Imagntes
el to) tuegicl. the opportuitiy so fatvora
blv arritaged for heiur voting' twice,
thrn4"1, Or as ol izuS they thought it
contement or ne'cessary ?
Alas! for South Carolhna and its
0111ce Mighty citi'ns, now in the bonds
of their humihation. Indeed does ilti
virtao a td iiitelligeine find their btrug.
gles wings0tioporessioni a hereiiean task.
Bl, we pray God tipt, the day of their
relief though deferred, is not, far distant.
- n Jaarnal.
Tim W EsTN1 1o10 cOit.--Tho
Cincinnati Prico C rtl1ll11 of Wedelics-,
Tiheru ins been an active demand for
hog:, and iprices advitnced to $8, gross.
As regari Ih fulture of theu market, for
hog', there cotitiues to bo considerablbs
specint ion. The general inmpression
ii t ha;t priees neist. riul low, but th
diAetit point is wia, t,.y h regarded
1as low prices. ati. thert is to bo a
large. iner-asiu inl ie hog crop 110.10 ClIn
preti'tatl to deiY, Lt whalt prices will
be safe are maers caiuinl 1t great per.
plex ity in the minds of pI ra. Sale
of hogs havo been at. $6.50. gross, do
lverel here Iany ti nme hefora the mIid
d1( of next Janoary, and ther are not
meany beyVers at lIbis rate, nor are thero
tantay lers. Prices of pork have been
so) higha for Ih latst seven or eight years
t.at is ai llehI to teduacatee public sen-i
timttti to wht atre real ly lower or rather
saeef- pries,, Thfee cha b tat) doubt
tfauat-N I ' a'sontu, now i closa it. hanid, is
regan h-de 12y the Irade genearaally as ex
ca'rlinugly hi taardu.s aid the packeor
who-e es :t~aI. rve ex~teme canciona
will dioubszisj ....er uoe vt-re b-.
Tai:v MEAa -ro SAY.-TPhe Ger.
mitans, ea a corollar y to I th Caipitultib ion
of Met;z have drau wni up a ntani of wit
tering in "th ie conaqu-red parts of
semll etc i>,itat the section of country
foirmuig ani irreglar squeaire, of wich
the twao sides shouatld be the Upper Rhino
frott liaself 1o lhe b~atter. and a line
dlra wn fromt Pa.ris to the~ B~elgian fron.
titer, should be octupiced by tree' to
feur h utndred' ?tousand maen, wieit, ian
the event of Paris beling t.aen, the rest,
of ihe tamy shaould ber allowed to re
aurs homtt'. 'The sceme, ho it noted
is seriously propoused, even ina the event
ofp1ace nt-g.,i:inis hemng entered upon,
ona thti ground that "nlo gnts ex ist that
would je: 4fy ias (i ha Germana) inl sp.
posinig 'tht JuFroneh will soon form 'a
goverurmtnt wvith which a peae might
be c6aicluuded, with a crtrain prospoct of
its remaining in force for the future."
RtastNo CoRn UiNnERa Uavat00LThIE8
.---Thfe coumnitteo of' the Petersburg Fair
recommecndedl a preiumnt of $25 to Dr.
Inerr Rdad of Ctharlotteu countay, Va.
80 yeatrs oftage, fot a samaghi of corni
raised undler the proceoss of uhading.
Tlhi* corn was cniivated by the Doctor
iytmg oni his baick--covering the grouindi
with busahes and weeds, andiu pull.nig
enit the grass wyith lIis hand4. The
corn wias excellent, say the comnmittee
amountuing to about eight barr.la. "9'ur
thea energy thus diaptayed by an totoge
nariatan o othy of ituitation by the*
youthl of Virgintia' we recoaend a
cometpimentary notices and am pre?'iim as
SAS~JtishaO, living in an attIe, be.
lng askted whaf, part of thq house ha
occupied, answered, "If the'honse was
turned topsy turvy, I would be Ilvisg
on the Brat Bure, suare"