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VOL. VI.] WINNSBORO, S. C., W EDNESDAY MORNING, DECEHBE R 21, 1870. [NO. 27
1s rJ IlitSIf KI) WEI"KI.Y BY
'l)SPOTES& WILIA AMS.
Termsx.-Tiux liFR~iArL is published Week
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Neverl Push ia 1itanlceause IeI
Going Down the Hill.
In this sensation Century
Good songm are very few,
The words are little Cared for
If the mu111sic is Only new.
Now subjects are hard to find,
But I've one left me still,
IL's never push a man because3
Ml['s going down the hill.
Then help one another boys,
Should fortune on you shine,
Remember when you give the mite,
That poverty is no crime.
Though little be theoffering boys
Give it with a will,
And never push a man because
Ha's going down the hill.
In this wide world, there's many a
With tr uly honest hearts,
Who with his wife and family,
In bisiness mokes a start.
A nd yet his ends don't seen to mteet,
Lethin woi-k which way he will,
Luck seems to be against him, and
1Ie's going down tie hill.
Should ore you mect an honest ian,
Striving hard with fate,
Don't spcak words of discottragement,
Or tell himu its too late.
Don't sneer at him as you pass him by,
But help hii with a will,
For, perhaps somic day, you'll find him
On thei summit of the hill.
John1 CuttS Sewet.
"Is Mr. Cutta in, asked a gentleman
who having knooked at the door, was
aluted by a wontin from the upper
window with, "' Well, what's wantin'
Tinow 1 Yes, ho's io ue about some
where, 1 suppose," she replied ; "but
t'm Mr Cuats when any business is to
be done. ie's Mr. Cutts eatin' and
drinkin' ; sleopin' sometimes."
Well, my good woman," szaid the
gentleman, ".I think he will be M1r.
Cutts for my business, too. I wish
to see him."
"What do you want of him Ill
asked the shrew, thrusting her head
still further out of the window.
"To do something for Inc. But I
must see himself," was the reply.
"Is it raal business for pay, or only
a favor you want ; I can let your
horse have a peck of oats, or I car
direct you to the shortest read to the
Four Carnere,-o rI on-I can-why
I can do anything for you that he
could, and a great deal more. I tak e
the money and write receipts, and
pay the men, and I take off the pro.
duco. I'm as good a judge of stock
as lie is, and:[ can't be beat on horse
"But," said the gentleman, draw
ing down his face solenly, "you can't
take his place now ; find him for me
The shrew was baflled. "Look a
hero, mister, mnayba you do not know
the circumstances of the case. Thiu
here Lfarmn is mine, and it wat
my father's atfore mnc ; and Catts, he
hain't no moreoclaim~ to it thtan thai
hen down there has. And besides,
I'm seven years older than lie is, a
foct higher, and weigh twenty pounds
more What's your basiness on my
place, if I may make so bold ?"
"To see and talk with your hus
band" replied the gentleman, getting
out of his chase and hitching hi:
horse to a post, as if he meant to stay
until he did see him.
"Be you a (loctor ?I Cause there
nt a living thing the matter - with
Cutts. Ile's the wellest man in towni
and so bo I," said thtis"woman for the
"N~o, my good woman, I'm not
doctor. D)o you think your husband
fndhim I" said the stranger.
Teboy looked up in his mother's
acbut lie know his own interest toe
"Then you are a minister, I sup
pos, y yurblack coat. I may au
welltollyouand save you time, th al
toIt in' nouse for you to leave
ntracks for nothing-for I'va got r
big diiry, and haini't no time to idih
away roadin', and I keep him abou:
so early and late that when he's dent
work he's glad to go to bed and rest.'
"I'm no minister, madam ; I wish
was though, for your datt6," said the
"Send for your husband i I oami
wait mucoh longer. I taust see hiuih a;
The boy started to his feet again
and looke'd lin his mother's eye ; -but i'
gave no mar'ching dtders.
"Look her mister," now. apposrin
at the .door, and looking deOantly, al
him "you're a school.master butir
up a d Istriet school and ydtf thinl:
he's a committeeman; - but' he am'i
aE'am Cutte," as t16 neighbori
ca e ,er dpe erb ud t
aido and heaved a groan. S'ie had
found a triii bile co0ildn't inaniuge.
"See here, now, mister," :he said,
"I can road a body right through,and
I knew what you was tihe bles'ed
minute I clapped eyes on you. 1 e1n
tell by your everlastiii' :iguin' that
you are a lawy er. Wo hailut' got no
quarrels don't want no deeds drawed
nor wills made, so if you'r e hunt in' a
job of my husband, Vou may as well
onhitch your horse anid drive (. We
know enough to make a little moley
and I know enough to hold on to it."
"My good woman, you entirely mis
inderstand my 1errand. I can tell no
person but himself what it is, and
must tell him in eonfidence alone. If
he chooses he may break it to you in
the best way he can."
"0, my goodness sakes alive
Brother Lif's blowed up in the Mis
sissippi boat, I bet ! 0, la me, the
poor follow ! le left a little some
thing, didn't he ?"
"I never heard of him, all nobody's
'blowed up,' that I know of," replied
"1-now I know ! You're the man
what wants to go to Congress, ha, and
h ivo come here huntin' after vots.
He ahallinot vote for you II hate politi -
cians, especially them that goes aginl
woman, and thinks they were inmde
to drudge, and nothin' ele I I go in
for free and equal rights for white
folks-men and women-for Scrip.
ture says 'there isn't neither men or
women, but all's one in polities.' I
believe the day is comin' when such as
ydu and me will have to bow the
knee to women, afore you can get the
big places and high pay that's a-caten
its up with taxes ? You can't see my
husband I We are goin' to the polls
on the way to the mill, and I'll
proimse you that lie votes right."
"L'min no candidatE, and I don't
know who you're talking abouti Ah I
there coImes the nian I want." And
the stranger went towards Mr. Cutts,
who had just leaped a pair of bars
which led from the potato-iatch into
Mrs. Cutts flew into the house for
her sun-bonnet to follow them, but by
the time she got to the bars her myste
rions visitor and Cutts wore driving
rapidly down the road.
The strong minded woman shouted
after her husband :'-You beLtr
come back, I tell you :" but de wind
was the wrrng Way, and carried her
words into the potato-patch.
"Si r," said the gentleman to hlon
est Cutts, "I have a. very simple ques..
tion to ask you, but I shall ha.ve to
ask yon in confidence. I will give
you five dollars if you will promise
not to repeat my words until to mor
"Well, sir," replied Cttts, "I
shouldn't like to answer any:questions
that would make trouble among my
neighbors. I have my hands full, I
can tell you, to keep out of scrapei
now ; but I've done it, and hain't an
enemy in the world, as I know."
"But, sir, you needn't reply to my
question unless you aro perfectly wil
ling,'' said the stranger.
"Ask your question," said Cutts,
"and I will not repeat it."
"\Voll, Mr. Tutts, I am laying a
fence on the Brisloy place, that I have
just bought, and I was directed to in
quire of you where I could buy ced~ar
posts. A fellow in the store said
'Cutta can tell you if his wife will let
him ; but she won't. She'll insist on
oiling you herself, and perhaps offer
to drive you wherever you go to order
"I told them I would see you and
ask you only ; andl the fellows bet on
It. They are to give you ten . dollars
and to two or three widows in town a
oord of wood each, If 1 succeed in ask
ing you this question alone, and mak
ing sure your wife does not know my
business until after breakfast to-mor
Cutte know his wife's "standing"
too well .to feel very sensitive, andl
taking the bill from the stranger, lie
smiled and said
"I'll go with you to look out cedar
posts and keep dark, for the joke's
sake ; but I don't kne w as she'll let
me stay in the house to-nuight ; I don't
own it," replied the good-natured
"Supposd yout go to the place and
doo-tositting the posts. I will send a
boy to tell her you had to go off sud
denly on a little business, and will be
back in the morning," said-the strange
"I'll do that," replied Cutts "for
I never quarrel with her, but let her
have her own way. I don't wan't to
worry myself abougt trifles."
"Good man," said the stranger,
"there are no trifles in this life.
Tbe smallest act is important, and the
,sygod natitre of yours .will ruin
you gamly Baillet spirit to-day
ari ext Sundlay take your boys and
go the house of God, whateyor she
says, alid 1e a real ma -itt the head
of yony' owvn boo and fatnily,
"dIts rath'er latte to begin," said
Outts,hkig~g his head in a way tbat
wou)f hate war-ned others from a trap
1 which hibfeet'*as fast.
"You see the purse is hers,"' he
added0'"And that has been a orueler
fetyy that 'er .,wiAI. o. we.: ;Bat, 1
will try to begp apew, 'for bor good
'will and the obildrds.'
T qhey was sent with the message,
but the boy wasxn't sharlp enough
Madame (Cutts discovered ihe wthero
abouts of hr lord, tackled up and
went after him.
All the way ho)11n" stil far iito the
n'ghit she used her eloqjuence, both in
pleadings and threateniings, to fitid
out the mysterious errand of thui
hateful town nabob that had comu
into the country to sepetate happy
lut Clts yiehlel himc-elf ny t., t
"dinib spii it" for the n'g t, aid no
Me .ure Coul indne.!e him to t-ilk or
any suiject , lest she shonld pry the
mighty secret out of him.
A bout midnight :Ie worc hicrsell
out and went to tleep, but at breai of
day she began again. I Ie then ven
tured to st v :"A soou as breakfaist
is over I'll break the news to %oil."
"You'll never eat a morsel in Imly
house, I can tell you," cried Xantippe
''till you have told ie what that imlan
wanted of you."
"Then you'll wait a good whi'c to
iear it," s-rid (utts, "for I've vowed
I'd never tell it till I had fir.t enCtn
my break fast," and with these words
Ma'att Cutis n u1(1red the tot iire as
long ats iossibile, and then got. break
fast. She ed led to the door to one in
But Cutts didn't, come. After a
while she weilt out to the barn aid
found him P-ated oil an upturned
half-bushel measure, calmly peeling
and eating a raw turnip.
"It does seem that as if this here
man had pos-essed you ! Your
breakfast is coolini' ; do conic in."
Here was a point gained.
Cutts went in as requested, and ate
his breakfast. When that was over
mna'an settled herself back in ier
chair, with her face full of eager ex
pecta tions and said
"Now begin. What did that ore
man want I
Ile wanted some eedar posts," re
plied Cutts, calmly, without looking
up ; and that was all."
Ift an arrow had etruok Madam
Cutts,she could not have manifested
more surprise and shame.
"I am the laughing-stock of this
town," added Cutts, "and from this
hour I turn over a new leaf. I'Im
henceforth head of my family, and
unless this houso is mine I shall finish
off a room in the barn -which is
mine-and you will be welcome to
share it with ie. If not, I'll live
there with the boys, and you will
find me a civil neighbor."
"Ma'am Cutt.4s power was broken
Since then the farin has been called
"John (utt.'s placc," and lie the
head of house.
The Stindiy-Schlool--Aiilliversitry Mecillig.
The attendance of the young peo.
ple was fair and mueh larger than thc
inclement state of the weather allow .
ed one to expect. An address by A. A.
Gilbert, editor of the Sumter Watch.
mai, to the teachers anid scholars of
the Sundlay-school, illustrating their
respective aims and duties, was listen.
ed to with much interest. It was
followed by a symbolic sermon, on
the blackboard, by the Rev. John T.
Wightian, from the text, "Keep thy
heart with tall diligenep, for out of it
are the issues of life."
'1the heart, the ten arrows pointing
at it, symbolizing the violationis of th<
ten commnandmients ; the shield o
faith guarding it, and various othei
devices, all d rawnt upon the black
board, and practically illustrating th<
discourse of the preacher, mader
vivid itmpressioni upon the minds of
the youthful boearers, and all regrettet
when the growing dar-knes, adlmonish
lag them of the lateness of the hour
brought his instruet ivo sermon to a
close. Several hymnns were sung,
which g ive evidenceo of great attentior
and careful training among the chil.
dren, and the assemblage was dismiss.
ed. Th'le anniversary, although not ni
hoped for, owing to the weather,
shows in the training aiid preparatior
of the children how successfully th<
d ifferenti Runday-schools have workcd
durinig the past year andl enables all
the well-wishers of this noble work tc
lood forward with confidence to the
KIND A ND G asanous TREA TDENT.
In the hurry of preparing the briel
notice last week of the arrest of oui
townsmen and their release fromn th(
Columbia jail, we overlooked the
-interesting feature of thor kind treat
mont by the citizens of Columbia
and we mnake the amende with n<(
little pleasure. Theso gentlemen witia
appreciative enthusiasm have recount
od to us how geneitou sly and quickly
the citizens of that oity, as soon at
they ascertained they were incarco
rated came to relievo their wants.
and as far in their power amoeliorat<
their condition. During thoir shorl
stay behind the bars, the choiloi~t and
beat in the way of eating and drink
ing, together .with sogars, wore show
ered on them in positiveo profusion
Blankets also, enough to smothier then
were furnished an Sunday morning
the merchants taking them to the
prison on their shoulders and cael
one having oth'er. eipplies stowe4
away in their ocaous pookets, 1
'was, a. heartewarming .sight, and.
good''one. Such kindness is worth;
of notice and praise.-Newberry Her
The Case of the Laturens Prheiters.
which heads til article, are of ucth a
charneter a; I put, every innid upon
:erious r'eilact tion. ThVie (ueitloil in
volved is no I-art V ques in it i-. .11
question of per.ISonat lilber y. I he
great prinicipls ot 1gua t -li L
prncip.1s wlicl our antcestors ilaileC
every saerifiec to inaintaiii ad --
tablih - re beii, thimpere-I with it)
the mont reckl- . tnmaer, inid- it ie
how e very iti:th, whatevI 111 y
b, hi color or cotid it ion, or 1 uliticul
opinionii!, to use his influence to arre.st
the coure of action which seems to
be determined upon in relation to
these prisonoire. What are the fI -ts ?
A iiner (i gentileimn of thi high.
est respectability --bearing chirteters
without .4t:ain (Ir blemaish-were ar
rested oil the '1th and 27th Noveii
ber last, in Iurens Coilnty., by. a
lieputy UnTiited SItatee Mar11shall, aS'
tainled by the United States Imi litary I
atuthiritits. No effort iiad beeii
ia to ariest thlaese gena'i..-ieni by tle
civil authorities of the Uni ted States
or the Statei, and no little surprise
w-as excited by the appearance of
General (-trlan in that part. ot the
country, urr.undod by all "the poi p
and eircmostanee of glarious war.
Tt is suid that Joe Crews ntit to
Washington nud procured tihe Presi
dent to turn over to) him a part of the
land forces of thc United Slates ti
enforce there a rrest s. Bi this as it
manly, the foices came in ntirtial array
and made a bloodless conIuest. It
is well known in Laurens that every
m1an Who was arrested, had he been iln
formed that a wart ant had been issuel
against him, and his presencc was de
sired by the Deputy Marshal, would
have gone forward and surrendered
himself as a prisoner. There was.
therefore, no necessity for this great
display of force to secure these l.ri
oners. The olicers in command diid
not know this, perhap!, but the aul
thoritics of the State knew the fact.
They lInew that theli persons ote rged
with the violatiotn of thec laws in the dis.
turbance of 20th October had no inten
tion to offer any rcsistance whatever
to civil officers acting under legal pro
cess. The arrests having bati daiode,
the prisoners were harried away from
their honcs, and, reaching Newberry
by forced marches, were placed upon
a special train after mid-night,
brought to Columbia, aId locked up
in jail without a comnitment. 'T'lhe
following day, they were It to hail by
the United States Commis-ioner, who,
by the adM ission of the prosecuting
attorney, had the right to grant the
order of ball-the charge in the war
rant being a bailablo offence. Let it,
however, be borno in imind, too, t hat
there is a United States Commiissioner
resident in Laurens ; that, the offer was
made to the Deputy who made the ar
rests to take then before this Con
missioner for bail, and that lie refus
ed to do so, saying his orders were to
tako the prisoners to Columbia. Or
ders from whom, we would like to
know? Let it also be reicmibered
tlat the prisoners, when they renehed
Newberry, and ascertained that they
wero about to be takena to Columbia,
asked the privilege of sending for
their counsel, who were knowna to be
in Newborry, on their way to Coluni
bin6 Their object was to get their
counsel to accompany themu. This
sacred privilege was deniedi them.
They land the bayonets aut thleir bireasts.
What, then, followed thae dlischaarge of
these prisoners before the United
States Commissionerl Before they
left the Court Room, Chief Constable
Hlubbuard hadl gone to a Trial Justice,
mad1o an aflidavit upon "iniformuation
and bellef," and had his deputies pre
sent, with warrants to arrest four of
the parties for murder. These were
thenl again locked up. The next
morning, all these but one, were re
leased--two on bail, and one on the
ground that he had been arrested by
the wrong name; but, before the ink
was dry on the bonds of these gentle
mien, they were again arrested and
loeked up, under warrants for murder,
issued 'Ipon thle aflidavit of Ilubbard,
What next ? 'Thle District Attortiay
handed out sundry bills of indict
mont against these parties, and
others whao had not been arrested, to
the Grand Jury of the United States
District Court, thena in session in Co
lumbia. The Grand Jury took np
one of the eases eonsidered it, and
returned "no bill"-theretpun, the
District Attorney withdrew the other
bills ; and when this liecame known,
the ether parties who were out on
bail in the ease before the Unaited
States Distriet Court, were rearrested
under warrants for murder, upon tse
"information and belief" of Ilubba fd.
The ganme was now being developed.
pThe groat object of these arrests,
under United Scatels warrants, was to
get the pr isoners to Columbiau, awruy
from their hiomos, amnd the County in
which they were entitled to be tried
under the Constitution and laws
of the State. Bttt another chap
ter follows--more important than
all othoe in the history of this
affnir, Judge Vernen is the itudge
o f the Seventh Judielal Cirotuit, em
h taoing Lauren. Couty, where the
a1;eged offences *eire com anitted,~ Apa
i plication 'wes mnade bafore him for'
-writs of habeas corpus, and they were
granted. They were served upon F.
County, on ThursAy, the 1h ilt-ut.
The piNner., were 111rond Wo bi
W"0h4 I Ah 11 11 0 On .iturl qtnan
ing'Ps traill to Sptrianhurg, the phic
of residence of Jdge Vernon, an.3
to hold theilnselve.i in readiness to gjo
I at that titn. On "the morning of
Saturday, the Sheri! uns at thw jail
with i o.011veyance fh the I risoner
and they were tUlm to the depot
1i3!or(e they were permitted to leave
the U.,!oliliUi which ther V Ie Feat
ed, Frazee was served with iL subp -
na, signed by Joe Crews, to uppear 1a
i witness belorel a p ,itl 'o it'e
of ilie Legislatur", u I,) 'eleek that
d:ay, andl bring., with Ibia ,vy lorder
n1 i or judicial papei nib w.!re in
hiN po-sossion, sigied by Juldge Ve
ou. Tihe p-tper w: ere it I w
m1omne berme the time of dep-ir
ureof 4 1 P tra, and tho Deputy Ii n.
stable who seived the w'tbio,!a. tilld
the Siherill thl he wai under arre-t !
The itte-r submnitted, and had th
prisoners f iven a:rk to the j ill. The
subpman of Vrews proved monre poteht
than the .!I o It rS Iit If I I a
corlets, isued by mne 1te.Jud o At
sou'h t'arolina. The ab ve v is l lair
ind im tn - l iA mtn a0 t n tii .1. % ih -
ilI facts 1 0f , t 'i4 ca . Il O x .positel.
of -"muth 1'1olin' Ill.: exel'tin till '
thl wri t f hab::s e p l ,,o3 -i lS b e en
defeated by the( pr-eten--ive -irr,--t (if
the lerd chire l wi he dr.in.1
tionl, i t l l f:Ilw o f P".e - A .
mn bly otl the Su!prremo (',mt t of thw
State, then and wox li se ia n, I in
d iach of evory prinle iill id, 1:1v
and j(iItice and lie'r1ty. W ho is rv
spon1ihle for t his outrao i Jo
Criws, it Lit, but Who .'hvesg it
ie is the mere to1 of the aln ir the
mH s and iLt. s ould ie stripped It
Andi his feature., exposed.
Let teli Lei laturn be thin ma
ter in hand, and know who buis cou
iu tled 11 1ndt o fviled thisI fllgrant a buse
of power.dhler whios orders il ite
co-isablelt who t.e this pretended rf -
re..t Who app-tinted him, -and( who
in reponsible. for his aIct( , Who oftas
the right an di thempoer to control
him 1 Let thse rpie-tiolns be an11
a ere t reo l i t li e State drifting I
Is any one so hMind as not to r ee and
feel that, if such abusei of power aro
for a inonent tolerted, nom11 a n'te rlib
erty isisafe-nye, neither life itself'.
Such usurpation of power and recklerss
disregard of law atlthe principles of
free Government, com111 homne to every
ien - whatever miay hie his condition
inl life. Let this thing, then, o
nipped in the hNO orit will grow into
a mnist ru s prti eeeli t against tlel
rig ihits and liberties of' th Ie m ti tn. If
the law has been violated-if the
men who are under arrest have emn
mittoies, liet them be tried ae
cording to the laws of th iand I but
iAn the nme of the great princil es
Wgil "NAeliNe our tnulre of fre
'overnmbent, lot not the spiri of fah
tion tak, rosshsuion of the mlids of
ien, and drive thmi to nieh desper.
ate extrlees asg this es.o is develop*
ing. Is there no one in the Lgisa -
turc to sound the clarion not! of lib
ert y against lths outrages ? pCient u,
ries ag suih violation , of the princi
pies of liberty co t a King htis bhad 13
welli ashis crown. IkiAm, ke p'i.s
Aoe getlean in ondnkecet.
reste tnda the paym~entofahlfr
goods thich hisa wilot all bucaeo
with,00,000his puhreity. e rtesisted
pcyntud11 ihiefyo th~elgroundethate
tho probicle inrt fhur as wrd
scop11e Ilfa thedutie, o atwit an o
Actong teere a o pencica,00
presetr andt of dle tonw botle.
payo Ilde pfrpe wo the niop
deeper bro gh1 sui000tO tor $ia0nnOns
dod, the artion nme tohal un
ncotary. tin ia duind tycwer
andeleIs lre tote woman $1hoi
had co0n tedeteir puc
tsnotiond to0,000,00 andy aisanc
pyof te~ agand th0,00e husbandin
obte det thsdcsokp i
money1 i IThe t~ .hris pockye.
henl axo raied payted prestil
rao ,buthsdidarwilt nor ay bedilow
$360,000,0 bad prsent rate wary
con~tie as~ thesD ovrnmnt desire
the probaenr o Ohof b~uie Cand
rease addeou, oetiat wh anl."
preet, ras f1taain esol
Creery askod leave to introduce the
reesolu tion of wh:h ho gave notice
yesterday, propoaing an investigation
with a view to the restoration of the
Arlington estate to the widow of Gene
ral lobert E Lee, tho removal of
gravc-ynrds on the premises, and
a general rentitution for any ineum
trance placed there in the ititerest of
the Governuent. t'im)utida hoped
that leave would not be granted, as
the proposition to dig up the bones of
our dead soldierp, in order that cer
unin propoyv might be given bok
to it re'Cl uwne rs, was, to his mind
m.a nIous. Whilo entertaining the
highe.st respcet for his friend, (Mo.
(h(eery) he hoped the Senato would
never entertain the proposition. Me
Creerv then occupied twenty minutes
up'>n the subject. ie referred to the
i-rcumstAncesat-ing the recent
death of t wo of the foremost Generals
on each aide in the late war-Lee and
1o1m1. Ho polke of the frien dly
intimay Cxisting bet woen thtese
enera's lip to the comene iilent of
the rebelhon, when Thoimas followed
the starry emblem of the Union, and
10 reSolved to stand or fall by the
te that had given him birth, and
of the genera1 sorrow ( and respect
wihdii nanifeltd itsevlf in either see
tiont uccieeu(ding the mournful intelli.
gence of their decease. lie proceeded
i) uiihii, i.a the inil 'xiblo virtue, inili
tOry gelius 1111l valor of cencral Lee,
rmaringi that the American peopl
woRh never rieli(nish the property
which they hl d inl the name anld
fIame of tle great Virginiani. lH
then referred to the principle historic
feature of Lee's earmpaigns, to show
ihat, with thile means at his command,
possiWy no other man could have
ICCOmi~ishod results so vast, While
possCssing great ability, lie was de
void of ostentatioli and, froi the
testimony of his most intimate no
luaintaices, lie was tingularly exempt
fromu the faultii and follies of other
mne). Ilis life was that of a horo, a
C'hristian and a gentleman. There
light he those in the SeItste who
would derive coimfort frotn casting
aspersions upon Ginoral Leo's tharne..
ter, btitt ill sootions of tle country
would eventually accord to his mor
its their juit doserts. Tho loved
partner of his bosom still lived, and
in her bel alf justiece was now impiored.
She lbelon:ced to a race fond of he.
stowing ebrity, but poverty could
not force i' : (.-t pt it. Would
the- -nn, m the barrier
thI at exciudLd Ir il A rlington ?
Dring his remarks, Mc(reery re
viewed in detail the Ealient features
of Ieneral Lec's civil an- military
servics-particularly his recent of
forts in connection with Jefferson
Collego, his 1"!volitionary ancestry,
and his sin ,ere (ovotioti to duty&
lieferring to the sword as tile least
capable of all tribuials to decide a
cause upon its niurits1 the speaker
went oi to argue that th judgments
ofrtie sword had not always command
ed1 t hat nniversal respect which
wotd Ih aive been expected of a court of
Sr, lIarge a jiri,'1liction, and that history I
had inrolled the names of Ilamipton
and Sydney upon tholist of mart. 1rs
inl the sacred eca nso of right. '1 ho
Senate fina'.lhy retfused leave to intro
d ce (lie l'e~ol ut ion,
ib ~verr. li-oniai.--Thie following
is the revenlue reform resolution
adopted in the [louse to-day :"R~e
.o/ved, Trhat thie true principle of rev
ennte reform poinits to the abolition
of the initernal revenue system, which
was crea4ted as a war meiasure to pro
v-ide for extraordinary expenses, and|
the contiunaneo of which involves tho !
emnployment, at the cost of millions
of dollars annually, of an armiy of
assessors, collectors, supervisors, do
teetives and other officers previously
unknown, and requires the repeal,
at thoe earliest day consisteilt with
the maintenancc of the faith and ored
it of the governmcnt, of all stamps
and other internal taxcs, and that
prope-rly adjusted rates shiallj be re
tairned on distilled spirits, tobaeo
ando malt liqutois so long as the 1e.
gitinmite expenses of the gotoern
mient require the colleotion ofan
sum from internal taxes."-WTash.
CoGr-. Chtarhaion.r New.
It is evident that the character of
the French must become modified and
imiproved-must become less frvo
Ious, more moral, earnest and practi
cal, or France cannot maintain the
position it has held among the nations
of the world. May we not hope that
the dreadful lesson that unhappy
country is receiving mray inatrudt the
people and impirove their oharaetorlf
There is 1 a them and their tUountry
every elemnent of' a grdfat fration. .It
only romains to discard "opera
boufl'' in social life, in polities, In
war and in everything else and to
become earnest and practical in aM.
cordanee with the sptrib and prog
res of the age.
Gen. Longstreet denies the 'aeonta
ry of the report which credits hims
with havinig refused $ o allow.. e.
Unite4 St at ts ig on the 14w90'
Ileans custom-house to be loweredt
half-maat as a mark of respect to the
lata fGoa. R. E4. TLae.
Immingriin --Letlers from C'ommodore
Al. F. Maltury.
Commodore M. P. Murray has just
i.isued an interesting circular to the
farmers of Virginia, setting forth
the wondorful undeveloped resources
of tho State and the advantages of
immigration. To encourage immi
migration, he proposas the following
plan, which is deserving the at.
tention of land owners in that
I bato already indiotated concert of
notion and jointcontributon. Let me
illustrate : Suppose the farmers in
tte of the counties should club to
getlier and aim to get two hundred
well to do iminigrants, with their
families---say 1,000 souls In all-to
oome from abroad and settlel among
them. Suppose that they were to
offe;r forty acres of land on long credis
-may seven years, without Interest
-on condition that the new com
era would settle on it and improve
Let us calculate the profit and'loss
in the first place the wealth of the
country would be increased $1,000,000
by the presene of these l,000 new
coenors, and the old residents would
havO to pay taxes oth one million of
dollars less than they now do ; and
this, including county, State, Federal,
School and other taxes, count up to
not a little sum, as you well know.
In the next place the now comer
would pay the taxes on your forty
acres, and relievo you of bhrdeas to
Again these 1,000 new comers would
spend 1ii your county in money-or
iii service the erluivalant of money
-something like $300,000 the first
year, and smaller sums annually for
several years, until they could got
their farms fairly under way, ant
thomselvos suffillontly provided to
becotie ptioduoers, and of these oxA
penditures the land owner wousi got
the lion's share.
F'inally the new coiers, by their
presence, their labor and their imL
provemetdd, wodld grdately enhanos
the value of real estate. It is by no
means an over datimato to assume
that by the time the first payment fell
dud, after this long or'odit, the value
of your own lands would be increased
to tihe extent of several dollars an
Indeed, if the plan were adopted
by the land owners of the Stato goner
ally, find successfully carried out, you
would soon seo real estate in Virginia
changing hands in figures at which it
is now hold in Dolaware, Pennsylva
nia. and New Jersey. It would not
oC unreasonable for one of us here to
expect to see tat day. IE:io of the
ninety nine counties of the State in
troducing during the next adven years
two thundred families froth abroad,
averaging five souls each, Why, in
round numbern, that would be the in
troduetion (if 100,000 now citizens
into the State, and an addition of'
$150,000,000 to its woalth. These
people, paying their own passage,
would come from the old country to
Virginia direct : thus placing to your
doors, at their own expense, empty
ships already to carry your produce
belk at low rates of freight, and so
you would have the boon of direct
trade which you have coveted so
eagerly and so longs
HUFFInmlo iN VlinGINA.-The Io*e
York Tribune says :From private
sources we learn the suffering in the
Shonnandoah Valley from the effetsm
of the recent flood increases with the
app~roch of winters in spite of the
liberal centributions sent them from
all parts of the oountty. Theb dosti
tution in Rititond armong the labora
ing class and tiose already wrebeda
ly por, ws soitniporative' at firab
thttegreater part of tho' aid thtis
given was applied solely to their ro'
l ief. It is in the rural districts that
the suffering Is no*'mnost heavily felt4
'Vhe small fafmers have lest not only
hotUe but 'rops.-~have nothing lef6
but the mimatpbtekteIne sapil'-and
their neighbors, imvptslied by the
war, are un able to help them. "They
are in need of the tory noeusaries
of life," writes one lady. "The enfa
feting is terrible, eten in this mild
weather, What it will be *hen win.
ter comes I date not think. Send opg
what you can ; money, groceries,
oast.off clothing, even bits of old
ear ets-anything to keep out the
TnaVIDUODn Fistos of Atszms'.
A steamer which arrived recently st
London fronm the Cape of Good Hp
brought, i addition to a large genea
cargo, a numbet of disutds,-va1.
ued at $70,000. T~wo of stbeso dis
drunds weigh, respectivoly, sixty cud
twenty-ftwe eeras the. populatiou
at -the digger's; oamps has -ln'
deensed to 11,000 soulS. 'rtish
tna Istrates and mott&d 15l1e0 ,7.
to Ee appqinted by thre J isIl Go
ertiment fot~the dislaond& feldse
that a valusble mule, belougW to
fgentlemani laQb onoti
Two wolv ere roo4 * ilt.
Granyvila eont.W orth otlpb