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VOL. VI.] WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, APRIL 12,1871. [NO 3
IS PUni.ISnED) WNKKLT BY
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Terme.-Tan IsamALn in published Weeks
In the Town of Winnsboro, at $3.00 in.
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AW All transient advertiseaents to be
aid in advance.
Obituary Notices and Tributes $1.00 per
General KerAhaw's Letter.
The following letter from that dis
tinguished soldier and patriot, Ger.
J. 13. Kershaw, appears in the last is
sue of the Camden Journal. It is in
the shape of an answer to the letter
lately addressed to General Kershaw
and others by Senator Robertson :
CAMDrN, 8. C., March 25, 1871.
Hon. T. J. Robertson, U. S. Senator:
DRAR SIR:-I have the honor to u
aeknowled ge the receipt of your favor t
of the 18th instant, and after giving
it that consideration which its grave a
importance demands, proceed to an- a
swer it. This I am compelled to do t
without that conference with those 0
- gentlemen with whom you have asso r
ciated me, in the add ress of your letter 0
which I would gladly have had, if it a
had been practicable. d
I need not assure you of my earnest 1
desire to secure peace and order, and 0
a just and faithful administration of I
the laws in this nined and desolated I
State. The sacrilices I have made of t
time and labor, sentiment and feeling,
and even of the regard of valued p
friends to promote those ends, are e
well known to you. Nor need 1 do 0
more to viudicate the earnest heart. a
yearnings of our good people for p
peace and security, than to point to t
their unanimous support of a party d
which sought, last year, a balm for the t(
healing of the hideous diseases of so" e
ciety, in a concession of legal efficacy t
and obligation to the amendments of N
the Constitution and the so-called re- s
construction acts, asking in return but d
an honest and just administration of Y
These concessions and all overtures y
for peace were scornfully rejected by 0
the colored people and their leadrs. c
Under the higb-sounding and proton U
- hauianu title of "National Guarda," the
negroes were armed and equipped
with the deadliest and costliest wea- c
pons and munitions of war, at the ex- p
pense of the people. They were ex
cited, incensed and infuriated by the
speeches of false and unscrupulous
demiagogues, who played upon their
blind passions and prejudices as a
skillful harper upon the passive and y
obedient chords of his instrument, un- ,
til they were ready for a carnival of b
blood at the bidding of their leaders. t
The Commissioners, Managers and ,
Boards of Election were so selected, f
and the election laws so cunningly I
devised, as to aecure the result of the I
ballot irrespective of the will of the n
people. Thus by fraud, by force and ,
by ounning artifice, negro domination t
was secured and the whites were prac
tioally disfranchised. .
The Legislature thus constituted, 0
many of the public officials openly, t
notoriously and shamelessly plunder. -
ed the peqple of the State, recklessly
squandered the public money, e
appropriating it to their own uses, ,
and selling their votes and their in
fluenee for the passage of laws to r,
open the treasury to corrupt specula- r
tors. By these means the expendi- a
tures of the State Government have i
been increased to more than live times g
the amount required before the war, *
while the means of the .people have
eorrespondingly dimimiehed. The e,
taxes for two years, aggregating more a
than four million. of dollars, are ox- a
aeted in this year, a period of greater t
financial distress than this people has ,
encountered since 1865. Swarms of
high salaried offices have been created
before unknown to us, and for the most
part filed with Incompetent negroes,
or malignant and corrupt white men,
who seek to perpetuate the power by ,
fomenting discord between the races.t
Under these corrupting Influences theI
negrocs, in many places, have become
violent, threatening and dangerous.
MJurder, arson and pillage have stalk
ed through the land almost unrebuked
of justice, while every defensive act
of the white victims has been magni
fled into a; national crime.
Now you desire my "aid inlarousing
and concentrating the opinion of all
good cliiens, in favor of law and or
der." You attribute to me, In om.
mon with the other gentlomen whom
you have addressed, "intelligence
and good Intentions." Let me re
mark, by the *ay, as Illustrating onet
of the many. anomalies of the day,
sot withstanrdleg the confidence tlinr
ex pressed, tte wroet liberal amnesty
Bill ye6 reported by your committee
does not pops to place at the die
popal o($e:8 einmay oioiak ta, s
pgelfty, ttisc1lls *blih ydd e. a
pose rate tom Uevettheless, t
disfranchistd 4.n4 "unpardoned reb- t
els" thaough we. 4e be, I, ,olams In i
Sommot WIth bthaeiulI1tly uituaa 0
ted, to hratedieio te -t6 promote i
. e and order 'In Seath, QMoliga, I
Ian .a1i the; -sogalled- loyal people i
within her borders. I am still "for I
nesee-- laating pesa....anah s yon 4
rightly suppose can only be preserved
:n any community, by a wholesome
'public opinion." My co-operation
ball not be wanting in any feasible
>lan for harmonizing society here.
But to be perfectly candid with
Fou, I must declare my settled con.
riotion, that while I do not apprehend
my further disturbances unless there
)o fresh irritations, there can never
>e that security which will ever pre
iorve the peace of society, until some
of the errors of the past be corrected,
nd some of our ga ivances be remov.
id. All class legislation should be
epealed. Tax payers ought to be
eoured a representation in the Leg.
slature, adequate to their protection.
Ionest, capable and competent men
hould be placed in office. Accom.
ilish these things, and this whole peo.
ile will rise up and call you blessed.
iese than this would leave the same
ause at work which have produced
he prevailing discord, and there could
Lot be that seourity which constitutes
he essential foundation of society.
'he white people of South Oarolina
re now enslaved. by their former
lave.. "Taxation without represen
ation" was the battle guage iccept.
d by our Revolutionary sires-un.
Dprosented and politically disfran.
hised, we are taxed for wanton and
orrupt purposes beyond all prece
ent and without even the poor privi.
ge of protest or appeal. Cannot
ur rulers understand that sooner or
%ter, even our endurance must give
ay under such a monstrous imposi
I propose to invite a meeting of
rominent and influential men from
mob county, to consider the condition
r things, and to consult for the com
Ion weal. If you, or any of your I
olitical associates can propose any.
aing that will tend to satisfy the
omands and necessities of the case-. I
i harmonize and to ameliorate the
Dndition of the people, I doubt not
iey will consider your suggestions
ost carefully and respectfully. I
iall be most happy to be the me
iumt of any such communications as
ou may desire to make them. I
-ubt this proposed measure may meet
our approval, as it accords with your
wn suggestion. I shall invite the
).operation of the other gentlemen
-Appreciating the sincere and pat.
otio purpose which indueed your
>mmunication, and thanking you
ersonally for your good opinions.
I am very respectfully yours.
J. B. KERSHAW.
Greeley as a Liar.
A correspondent, who does not
ad the Tribune, is astonished that
e should accuse Mr. Greeley of false
ood, and asks for a specimen. For
2e satisfaction of our correspondent
e select the following at random
-om Tuesday's Tribuno, conscious
lat it is doing injus ice to Mr. Gree.
y's peculiar talent. Tuesday is
ot his regular day for lying, and he
as probably careless in elabora.
"There have been not lees than
ve thousand negroes killed, because
f their color and their politics, in
ie rebel States since Gen. Grant's
We trust our correspondent Is
itisfied. The specimen lie we have
iven, while not in Mir. Greeley's best
cin, Is infamous, and heartless, and
ualioious enough' o have emanated
md-hot from the father of lies him
elf. Greeley knew when he penned
that it was a wanton, a malicious, a
agrant lie, and yet no doubt he roll
d it as sweet morsel under his ton
ue. It is a marvel that any set of
eon who profess to be governed byf
ny mnoral or religions restraints
tonld allow themselves to be led by
sis hoary-beaded old rillain..
Here there has been been no or
anised and threatening demonstra-.
ion of the militia, who, though armed
ave not, I am Informed, been fur..
Ished with ball and oartridges. O0
be other hand, I am *.atisfled there
as never been in this oounty any pr
anization corresponding in any way
awhat is tenkedc the "1Ca Klti
Elan," or any other unlawful assoola
lon. I takd it that this condition of
lings exits In, by. far, the larger
ortbon of this State.~ But like catgses
roduce ,like results, and, therefore
ny demonstration .o# the part of the
egroes, .and espelilly the armed
llitia, which would render our peo.
le apprtehensive of sa. attnok, would
er rbbyindude otganisations
>rdfesv orpreveti~ve opertod.
ud posui~ lead to similar 4iedb~
rons cod $d~~ a ensued at' Lauten
hd Ches~ei . .~~
Ialaue .eu the 4fedal SIde.
*Mohd- Reese, ' .wilt. 6buo
avd, one d tNot*24d' opstid
r~uohU y Rega@t s D9UUaWI
4loyg emoa IW fondd IIfB e
rate aidthat di~tu
I a*1 ohn. - E
A Northern View.
With the restoration of the lIst o
the rebel States to Congress, i o con
neot ion with]thelestablishrment of equa
olvil and political rights over tho
length and breadth of the land, ro.
gardless of race oroolor, we had sup.
posed the great work of Southori
reconstruction completed and a glo
rious success. It appears, however
from the recent Mesiage of the Presi
dent to Congress on Southern affairs
that, in those reconstructed States,
from the terrorism of "unlawful com
binations," neither life nor property
is safe, and that the transportation o
the United States mails and
the collection of the internal
revenue therein are dangerous em.
ployments. Hence the detention ol
Longress for the purpose of some
speoial legislation in behalf ot' law
and order. It appears, further, that
b response to an application from
he Governor of South Carolina, in the
Lbsence of the State Legislature,
Phe President has deemed it neces
iary to give warning to the Ku Klux
Klans of said State that if, after the
ixpiration of twenty days, they have
iot "quietly disperse to their respect.
iive abodes," they will be dispersed by
he United States Army. And now,
n deference to the President's appeal
md suggestions, we have a new bill,
)repared by the select committee-on
,he subject of the House of Represen
atives, which proposes to put these
iforesaid "unlawful combinations"
n the Southern States once more
inder the stern discipline of the
abre and the bayonet.
The bill in question is entitled,
'A bill more fully to enforce the
>rovisions of the fourteenth amend
nent to the Constitution of the Uni.
ed States, and for no other purpo.
em." The first section provides for
he prosecution in the United States
Jourts of any person who shall in
my way interfere in depriving any
itizen of his equal civil rights under
aid fourteenth amendment. The
econd section provides that any
ifeneo-such as murder, mayhem,
obbery, perjury, arson, &e.--against
hie rights, privileges and immunities
f any citizen, by any two or more
>ersons banded together for the pur
ose, shall be deemed a felony liable
o heavy penalties in a fine and im
prisonment, and that a trial in any
mass commenced in one United States
udicial district and completed in
lnother may be noted upon and the
>ffender punished in eitber district.
In other words, all the individuals of
in unlawful conspiracy against the
ights of citizens, if composed, for
mample, of men from Mirsissippi and
Uabaa, may be made answerable to
he United States Court in. either
state. The third section provides
hat in all cases where insurrection,
lomestie violence, or unlawful tom -
iaations or conspiraces in any State
ibaill so far obstruct or hinder the
ixecution of the laws thereof as to
leprive any portion or class of the
'eople of sueb State of any of their
ighte,'privileges, &c., and the State
tuthorities have been unable to re.
Iress these wrongs, or have failed or
'efused to do so, the President, in
behalf of law and order, ig authoriz
id to interpose with the local militia
>r the land and naval forces of thme
United States. The fifth section pro'
ides that extreme cases of unlawful
sombinaations, armed and organized
and overriding the constituted civil
authorities, shall be deemed a rebel.
lion against the government of the
United States, and that In any such
disaffected district, under' certain re
stuietlons, the President is empower
id to declare martial law and to sus..
pend the habea. corpus, first making
proclamatIon commanding such Insur
gents to disperse. The provisions of
this seetlon, however, are to cease tc
be In force from and after the lst
lay of June, 1872. --
This is the substanoe of the bill
wrhich the select committee of thme
house of Representatives propose as
a remedy for these Southern diso*..
lera. In justification of the aet, as
m imperative necessity, 'it is said
amid element. of the late rebel lion
mave again becbme rampant in most
f the Southern States ; that the lives
dppryof Northern men therein
aeb h eo d are frequently
serficeed to the vengence 'oft th se
ialled1 E( Klu Klan's; -that 'the
ntuinet pated 'bl*cke, for 'd o othmer
~tMike then thit of voting -the repulb
ileth ticket or belonging to the Union
Lea e, areshop, changed, dt'owhed or
mcou gidand that this neonfgitig is
lofn mes applied to the mero Mo'
mlEO, with the ba.rhing of the hons of
ike obuexious fatally ; tbaftnpmetoub
18h991 houtes~ gropriated t4 the
ltidat1iz Qt the qmsgelpated blaoks
~ave.~.pa burned ; that g t.shdys
6 dleh'sel6dls'hatb# # t4 -
oet to a B@&idtilt bar au1I
era States 4V A sedt)
E8 a' 44 -~o
' Nfa f4j thW
to perjury, and so on to -the end
of the horrible catalogue. Final
f ly, it is charged that the objects of ali
these Ku Klux Klans and their afilia.
tions are, by a reign of terror, to ex.
olude the Southern republicans, obief.
ly the emancipated blecks, from the
polls, and so to get complete control
of the several States concerned, and
then to render the fourteenth and
fifteenth amendments and eli ther.
construction laws of Congress practi
cally null and void through the elec.
tion of a democratic Pro.ident and
Congresd according to the Tammany
national democratic platform of
Now, admitting the fearful oata.
logue of accusations against the "un
lawful combinations" of the Southern
States to be substantially true-and
i when General Grunt officially de.
clares them to be so, and desiressonie
special legislation on the subject, they
must, to a great extent, be true-the
question recurs, is the remedy pro.
posed the remedy required ? We
think it does not reach the seat of the
disease. We think the diffioulty and
the remedy are to be found in the
fourteenth amendment. The third
section of this amendment declares
that "no person alall be a Senator o0
Represenative in Congress, or eloctor
of President and Vice President,
or hold any office, civil or
military, under the United States, or
under any State, who, having pre
viously taken an Qath a4 a member of
Congress, of as an officor of the Uni.
ted States, or as a member of any
State Legislature, or as an execu
tivo or judicial officer of any State,
to support the constitution of the Unl.
ted States, shall have engaged in insur
rectiou or rebellion against the same,
or given aid or odmfort to the and.
mies thereof." And then there is a
disfranchisement law, extending to
these and other parties conspicuous
in the rebellion. Here, then, is the
difficulty. .These parties so punish.
ed are the leading white men in in.
telligence, p')litic;Al experience, in.
fluenec and property in the Southern
States. Their late slaves may go to
Congress, but these disabled whites
still bear the brand of traitors. They
have all the duties of submiasion im.
posed upon them, but none of the per
sonal benefits of a restoration to t'a
Union. They are held responsible,
under pains and penalties, for the
crime of a whole people, and the
whole people concerned sympathize
with their suffering confederates, imany
to the extremity of these "unlaw.
ful combinations." Reach this diffi
culty, and you reach the seat of this
Southern disease of organized vio
lence against the laws of the land.
The remedy follows, in the four
teenth amendment, it specified rebel
disabilities, and it is in these simple
words, referring to the particular
disability of any individual-"but
CongreaR may, by a vote of two-thirdo
of each house, remove such disability."
All, then, that is wanted to place the
dominant and responsible white
classes of the south in full rapport
with the Government of the United
State is to restore these mon to the
full and equal condition of loyal citi.
Zeno. They will trust you if you
will trust them. . Try it. The ox
perinment has been tried in scores of
individual cases, and no failures, that
we are aware of, have been reported
among them. Tfry, then, a universal
amnesty, as provided for In the four
teenth amendment, such an amnesty
as will make even Jeff Davis eligible
again to the Presidency, and you
will do more to disarm these Ku
Klux Klans. than you can possibly
accomplish by the em ploymien t of the
army and the navy, and the United
States courts and marshals, and the
suspension of the habeas corpts
wihtecontinuance of these rebel
*Under .Rose disabilities It is no.
teoou thbt the Southern men. b~est
quaifi~,from education, experience
and bis enpo, to assist in restoring
low, oder ,ast harwonyjn the 8outh
era Sta'es, are ruled out, and ignorant
Southera whites- and blacks and un
scrupulous Northernt adventurers knd
spoqulatarq, aoming into power, have
dewa.-much to .bting into general :die.
repite these .reconstrueod .Southern
St~ate goverpniente. ' Make it the in.
terest of the Southern white men who
give the tone arnd the publio sentiment
to.8outhtern~ society, make it an ob
jeel with therev to support the consti
tution as I6 is and-.the administration
andynu will-gain them. Jo a word,
restore-: thoem. eo*pletely to the
"right., privileges and, immunities"
of Neitisen. of the UnIt4States and
of the;8tate. in' which they - nalde//
and you ,wil- waske friends -of enni
mica and convert these ghsorri .Ku
Klux Klaus into, law.absding men ;
foud theie pi~eat tedupation will be
gda Atth kiroeaial oft6ketuese&
NN.l~6 Eferald8hbd I~~
lAbor., Tie :beat sh s- t
dividnde are always lIbral.
Affray Between Gen. Mabone and John
An affray occurred on Franklin
street, near the Exchange Hotel, yes
terday afternoon, which caused no lit.
Lie excitement throughout the city in
view of the prominence of the parties
directly concerned in the railroad war
just brought to a close in the General
Assembly. These parties were Gon.
Wm. Mahone, president of the Atlan.
tio, Mississippi and Ohio railroad,
and Capt. John, Lyon, a well-known
lawyer of Ptersburg.
The accounts given of the encoun
ter are rather conflioting, and the de.
tails cannot be given with accuracy
until the witnebses have be-mn examin.
ed in court.
The statement of the friends of 0 en
oral Mlahone is that he and a friend
were standing on the Exchange Hotel
corner talking, about half an hour
after the bill about which there has
been such a controversy passed the
Senate. They saw Mr. Lyon and
two other gentlemen coming down on
the same side of the street towards
the Exchange Hotel and from the di
rections of the Capitol. Reaching the
Exchange corner, they turned, and
Captain Lyon said, "Good evening,
General," or something to that effot
as he approiched General Mahone
replied, "Mr. Lyon, hereafter I don't
wiah you to speak to me. You're a
d-d scoundrel." Thereupon Captain
Lyon struck the General a pretty
severe blow on the head. It was re
turned. A scuffle ensued. In the
souffle a Derringer pistol in the hands
of General Mahone went off. The
parties were then separated by mu
tuil friends. ON
The friends of Captain Lyon differ
from those who furnished the account
just given in several respects. It is
said by them, as by the othets, that
General Mahone and his friend were
standing on the Exchange lHotel corn
er. The General was tapping the
lamp-post lightly with his cane, when
he saw Captain Lyon and friends com.
ing down the street. They bowed
to General Mahone and turned to.
wards the 14th-street entrance of the
Exchange, when the General beckon
ed with his oane as if for Captain
Lyon to return. He did so. Gen
ral Mahone's first words were, Don4
fon ever speak to me again." Capt.
Lyon promptly replied In the same
tone that he never would. General
Mahone immediately rejoined. "If
you do, you damned scoundrel, I'll
- ." Before the sentence was
finished tho epithet was recented by a
blow, which was quickly returned.
Almost in a moment the parties
clinched. General Mahone drew a
Derringer pistol from his pocket, and
seemed to be trying to cook it,--the
muzzle being close to the breast of his
opponent-whon his arm was seized
by a bystander, and the pistol wis
not fired until a :ninute or two later.
They were then forcibly taketi apart,
and eaoh escorted to his room by
All these are facta known to you.
That in consequence there should be
a disturbed condition of affairs in
some localities, deplorable though it
be, is not to be admired. Let us rath.
or be thankful that it has been aon
lined to the counties of La~urens,
Union, Spartanburg, York and Ches
ter. W e will consider these distur
bances for a moment.
*In Laurens and Chester there were
collisions between armed militia, or
national guards (negrosa,) aod1 the
whites, in open daylight, the circum
stakuces of which are well known to
you. In the other counties disguised
parties have, from time to time, with
in the last three months, administered
lynch law in certain eases. While
tliese occurrences are greatly to be
deplored, and some'of them merit,
and have received almost universal
conrdemtiation, the collisions in Laur
ens and Chester, by far the most
eeribus of them all, are regarded by
the best men whq knows the facts, as
go~censary and justisable, act. of self
def'ence on the pa: t of the whites, 1t
Is very generally believed that their
protnpt action prtmvented that gene~.
ral war of races,. which thoughtiful
uen Jhave regarded eminent for some
While these things have occutred
in' the 'counties mentioned which are
all nowe quieted by the disarming of
the militia, in other counties, pro.
fpund. peace has prevailed. Here for
iunstavtoe, we l1-ave enjoyed an Un ro
ken reign of quiet and ordet, ei'O
was, at the last Court of Sesslouta, not
one of act, violene demanding inveiti.
gatlen, a eit'eumstanee whicb *lilted
thle ,opngratulations of the presiding
Babies aid Needits,
e~r Cooke extracted -from,th~e .eas
9~A a eedie wbish .had.oke
ow,~p into te flesb. ' i
oo ehay to. out.a de kash
which caused snuch pain to 'tbe bii4
and all by reon pol f a6ea
esiss ISel giving bok res. s
The Lancaster Ledger contains the
followiug confession of Edom [Hawn.
mood, who had bee: convicted of the
murder of Mr. David Kirkpatrick,
in December last :
STATK or SOUTH CARO LINA,
March 25, 1871.
1, Edom Hammond, prisoner in
jail, make the following confession,
freely and voluntary, as to the part I
took in the murder of Mr. David
Kirkpatrick, on the night of the l'7th
of Decenber 1870 : I Confess that I
killed David Kirkpatrick. I went
to his house a while after dark-wont
in and got his gun. There was bLo
one in the house when I went in,.-to.
get the gun. I think Mr. Kirkps,6,
rick was somewhere about the Stable.
Mrs. Kirkpatrick was inl the kitchen.
I was in the yard with the gun uotil
the deed was committed. Mrs Kirk.
patrick know I was there, but I did:
not speak to her that night. . She
asked me to kill Mr. Kirkpatrick -
she asked me a good many times to
kill him. She insisted on no f~ r
several months previous to the 'ati,
to kill him. I was at her house the,
day that L killed Mr. Kirkpatrick..
Went there to got some olothes.. She
spoke to me about the matter and
urged me to kill him that night. She
told me that she had heard ta at Mr.
Kirkpatrick had threatened me. I
was on the most intimate terms with
Mrs. Kirkpatrick for about eight
months previous to the killing of fi r.
Kirkpatrick. Mrs. Kirkpatrick, k6ew
I was . to kill Mr. Kirkpatrick the
night t committed the deed. After,
supper, Mr. Kirkpatrick came into
the house from the kitchen. I was
in the back yard at the time, but went
round to the front door. I said,
"hello " Mr. Kirkpatrick came to
the door and asked, "who is that ?'
I answered "Win. Reid." He then
opened the door and came out in the
yard three or four steps from the pI
asia door. I immediately raised the
gun and fred both barrels-one just
after the other. The last shot nooi.
dental, as I had in my excitement
cocked both barrels. As soon as I
shot, Mr. Kirkpatriek wheeled and
ran into the houao. I l. r .'II 1...ii.
ately for the village, taking 1a4
keeping the main public road. I
took the gun with me and hid it in
the woods, at the same place where the
sheriff found it by ny directions.
Mrs. Kirkpatrick told me to be
sure and put the gun back into the,
house after I had killed Mr. Kirk.
patrick. Mrs. Kirkpatrick made all
the plans for killing ber husband. I
was to live with Mrs. Kirkpatrick
after I had killed her husband. I
had no bad feeling toward Mr. Kirk
patriek. He always treated met
kindly. Mr. and Mrs. Kirkpatriok
did not live together agreeably. I
am between seventeen and eighteen
years of age. No one knew of the
plans to kill Mr. Kirkpatrick beside
rs. Kirkpatrick and myself, as I
know of. I have had a fair trial' un
der the law and am satisfied with the
verdict of the jury,
We find theo followisig notice of the
self exiled Ex-Gov. of North Caroling,
In the last N'ew York Democrat :
Governor Ilolden is ira Washington
and afraid to return to North Uaroll
na, where -he is liable to suits for
damages for his illegal arrest and
hIgh-handed course. This affords a
curious commentary on the stories of
Southern disorders, and places the
of protecting a erimi nal. Governor
Hold en has been droSpoed by the Re
publican leaders in disgust, and no
measures *111 be taken to reinstate
him. But he is inniietnsely rich. The
close of the war fonnid him a misbra'
ble poor secession editor. Now ho is
a disgraced Radical Governor anid is.
C. The tUdiomVille Tlliee, of thb 8st
ult.,, ha.' the follo~ing:
- We -sagcestj'tbereferone ofitwgw
plans to brnng the 'inorel power" og
the State to bear upfon . gongrgpsad
the President i. e., let th~e people
each eounlty heid a Oonat~ 'OonVe a
tion, at once, andl elect oie 6f its bebt
and ablest men as a delegate to vists
Washington for the porpose of repres
fnthe sol~ true .flg nvd, ,~teo
Presieetsd" Ooa ress ; 6f,'te
Genieril -- K6rshawr anj the othe*
uienqned U Gep.er.l
brenvisit Waqhingtn 't on
tps that puirpode. No men 'cn jb
selected who '4d1 a$dW'the 1:
6eete tha piefpo oth Oavollet
ab kIA fePr ,togip
Thi d 4 th
e Oasadn ba.
The following manifesto came Into
our possession in such a. way as to in.
duco the convio1on that it Is a - U
un emanation from the iYetrtPrIouI
(yot no longer to be disputedpQwer-'
fu)) or -anition known, ia the K,
Klux A lan':
"K. K. k."
IhADqVARTR5a, 54ri Diosiou ,
We have been misrepresented, I
must stop. Once for all, it i a!"
I. Tha$ the Union League gave,us
It. 'that taxatiqu without re resen.
tation fad an nurtured us during our
weakness, and infanoy.
111. 'hab the vicosAn eonormIVs
of our rulers and legislator--thir.
ignorance, their recklesness, their
degpravity, their corruption, $hale
vioiousness-gave us strength,
IV. The determinati n of t4 09
vernor to agoompliah our deatostiton
and thq ruin of ouiielso, nn4 gOr!
familieas sho , y. his ,rm t,
negroes .suad diuarning the w At"
gave us,deternin atjon.
V, We canno live longer. under
t6ii misrule an4 theso.enormities, and
we are 4etermined to right theo
perish in the effort.
VI. The, goodand glrtuous e
nothing to fear from us, ; we are tkelVt
friends. Lot the vile and-iclous be.
ware ; we are their enemies.
. VII. We strike in self-def9nse,
and for equal rights and jNstice to
By order of the Gru4 Chief.
The Old Soldiers.
Concern'ng the law grpnting . pen.
sions to soldiers of the war of 1812,
the Lynchburg Newsoopies (editori.
klly) an article which first appeared
in a western pa per, and which con
ainus the follovwing paragraph :
"It may be generally understood
tat all enlisted or drafted men who.
served for sixty 4aya or upwards are
entitled to $8 per month ; but if it
is, then that general understanding is
L general mistake. At least nine.
tenths of the soldiers of the war of
1812 who live south of the Potomae
mro denied the benefit of the .aotr
lEcry soldier is required to tah~4aae
bun-olad oath before he can obtain
the pension. Ho is required to.
swear not only thati ho gavs no,. aid
mud comfort, to the 'rebellion,' bu
that he had no spmpathy for its cause."
Wo do not so understand the law. It
xoludes only those who aided and
%betted the rebellion ; and that aiding
md abetting must have been of a
The Lauronsville Herald givesithe'
'ollowing account of a little game,
mow being played by one of the
leot : . . .
NathauA .Frteetan, of fassaohu.
etts, was appointed to the Auditor'*
place for this County. Mr. Freeman
remained hmong us sfor some two
(ears, and we had begun to~look vpon,
him as rather mere- than a mere ad.
rentarer--asOhe 0h' aspired toe414i A
senship. In this, ho*eter, we were mis
baken. Some two or thro, phs age
Nir.. rgemapft this lapQ rot Wash
Lngton,. and. we ar, Inforpaqed s, p
mow holds a Clerks apoeation 'a t h
Pension office. Esaving gee io
Washington with no Jntention qtre.
tuing, and having nocoed 'a neW.
position in tha4 :Qity, sucila course,
>f Itself, was supposed to'render Va.
mant his position ofa Anditor. -As a.
sonsequence, good and worthy men.
have applied for t14t positiqu, aq
ioubt setting forth jag , supposed
vacancy, and ith as been a souroe qtf
mrprise to na all that no appoils.
naont has been made.
TJhe Cquity Treasurer flapmbpgkei
received a letter froin Mfr. Yreman,
whjob gives us light spop the *ubego
dunfolds a little ltaiical gatse
bleh is 1.Sng layqd in our Rnidet
lthough .,, otsn of t e ntow te r.
pry anka oe the - nin
A449r fprhi 9',quty,4e duth
et9ert taiot thk, g ts atby
4n pibpo ~e 4
~respnt bI. ep .n Isot
f 4ound t1 son5flwhy a Q eO g~cs
msap ha t lrau.qcne q the p
Atrege upon th . qiti~s e
by aad g ,to s
,6un y, aniweoi t ~j
lelay, and1 al b1E1464h46 oounty
Thedra t~h *he'