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Desportes & Williams, Proprietors.] A Family Paper, Devoted to Science, Art, Inquirv, Industry and Literature. [Terms---$300 per Annum, In Advance.
VOL. VI.] WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 17, 1871. [NO.48
IS rUIiiuKI WFKKI.Y BY
DESPORTES & W ILLIA MS,
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How Julia's Engagement
was Broken off.
"I will never muarry Mr. Young
screw because lie's rich as Ci wu.,'
said Julia Cuwhington, burzting int<
"You ihall never marry Capt
Mon tgomery ; because he is as pou
as Job," said old Cushington, hurs
ting out of the room as Mrs. Majoi
Manager entered it.
"Good gracious, Julia, what is the
matter I" said Mrs. M. "Why your
eyes are as red as ferrets, and you'll
burst the buttons off your polka if
you sigh so desperately."
Ainl Julia told her ill, "how she
loved a bold dragoon, with his saddle:
bridle, long sword," and little more
than his pay, how her fa her refused
to have him for a son-in.la %, and how
Mr. Youngserew, a stingy, giigery,
bandy-legged booby had . r Ipos
ed and been accepted by old \1ir C as!
iugt on. The casa seenied dopic.e t<
Julia--not so to Mrs. Major Manu.
"My dear," iaid the campaigner
"Dry your eyes and leave all to me
Dress yourself as ecuminiigly as you
can, receiv' Mr. Youigscrew witl
nods and hecks, ar.d wreathed bmiles
"1Then what " exclaimed Julia
opening her beautiful blue eyes t
"And then we'll take him out a
shopping. My nieces, Arabella, Ema.
ma, and Clara are going, as you
know, to join their brother in India,
and I have promied them pait
of their outfit. You shall buy all
under my direction."
"But what has that to do with my
marrying Charley-I meau Captain
'Oi ! it's at Charley, is it ?
though- Mrs. M. "Then there is no
time to lose. There's a knock at the
door, and there is Mr. Youngs.erew
and his brougham. Do us I tell you
and trust to my experience."
Julia, like a good girl, as she was
obeyed her knowing old friend, and
presently appeared looking more beau
tiful than any lady in the Book o0
Fashions. Youngtor ew, (who, by th
way, was quite as had looking a
Julia had painted him) stood agape
with admtiration, and actually per
spired with ecestay when the ladice
solicited his company to Swan d
Edgar's. The clock struck one as they
entered that paradise of women. Mr
Y. would have retired, but the ladic
knew that be had taste, and desired
the benefit of it. They were soo
sealed and, the solemnity began.
Dress after dress was opened, ditcum.
ed, and rejected. With a patience
worthy of the cause, did the highl%
respectable young curate-looking gen
tleiman behind the counter to seek t(
satify his fastidious customers, and at
T1hen' the trimmings.
Tiwe'ity yards of ribbon at twe
shillings a yard I
Mr. Y. could'nt understand foi
what it was wanted.
Sixty yar ds of braid at one shilling
a yard !
M r. Y. began a sum in mentalaritib
T welve yarda of lining at siateer
pence a yard !
Good gracious I Could she have
got so mutch as that aboat her, a
there she sat upon the chair befor~
him ? if so, how much of that glo
rious heap was Swan & Edgar, and
how much Julia Cushington,
Twenty.four ename.l buittons ad
two shillings each I
By jingo I She had twenty-rout o1
her dress at that moment, for Mr. Y
began to count them.
Skeins' of silk 1 sewing cotton f
gimp Ill whalebone Ill I hooks r Ill
and eyes 1,111!!
Mr. Youogscrow became mute as a
fish. lie felt inolinod to scream
when the curate asked, "is that all to
dny 1"- "All." M r. Youngsereo
should think so-and did.
The clock struck fouir as the tri'
left the shop. Mr. Youngaerew,. pale
* as white earsant at the scene he hid
witnessed, the ladies radiant with tiv
* consciousness of having fulfilled so fai
* their woman's miission.
"We shall see you again to-mor
row 1'' said J'ulia to her admirer, witl
one of her very 'sweetest smiles, "at
Mr, Yontagsersw, tWho stuttero'
slightly, could only bow his. r appur
A and depart.
"Does number one," said Mrsu 'Ja
jor Manager ; "we will make Emma's
purchase to-morrow, the day aft.
that Clara's ; the next day -yeu shal
make me a present of a mantle, an<
possibly you do want somethinig fo
Of course she did-whoever know
girl of twenty who did nob 1"
Mr. Youngscrow went to bed that
night, but not to sleep. NleIttal
arithmetic again engaged his atten
tion for inany hours, and when he did
doze it was to dream of ready reckoi.
era and demons in white chokers,
Need we dwell over our story,
Day by day, as proposed by the
r artful Majoress, did she submiit
Youngsorew to the torure, until lie
looked upon Swan & Edgar's as a
fashit.nable Inquisition, Each night,
lie slept les. Etch morning he rose
with moro bile in his face and less
love in his heart for Julia Cushing
The present of the mantle to Mrs.
NM. brought on a crisis.
Mr. Y. repudiated his engage
merit and fled to France. Old C.
threatened him with an action for
breach of promise, and compromised
for ?10 000, with which lie presented
his son-in-law, the captain, on th:
day of his weddig.-Punch's Pocket
IAUUN)As, PA., May 8.-Yest erday
afternoon fire was discovered in a
house in the upper end of the town
and in less than two hours the town was
in ashes. The losses are not known.
but there is little or nO intsurance.
About 50 buildings were, burined but
no liveswere lost.
WI.MINGTON, May 8.-A disas.
trouscoiflaigration occurred hero at
noon to-duy. The fire caught in the
kindling-wood factory of Geo. W.
Bulshfron the steati-engine, and comi.
mnunicated to the oil-house attacbed
to the Philadelphia, Wilmington and
Baltinore railroad shops, thence ex
tended to the pattern shops and the
locomotive round-house. The round.
house contained some 15 locomotives,
all of which took fire. Some will be
badly injured, others not so much.
Two other locomotives outside (one
just built) are said to be destroyed.
The lo.,s of the railroad company is
very heavy, including the oil-house
destroyed, the locomotives burned, as
stated, and damage to the roofs of the
general repair shops. NIr. Geo. W.
Bu.sh loses the building and a sloor,
which burned at the wharf. At 1 :30
P. M1. the flmos were checked, and it
is hoped there will be no more dai.
ago than is stated.
A Lady wIth a Feather in her Face.
Some time since a iady residing at
the South End, while performing the
ordinary duties of her household, was
suddenly taken with a severe pain on
the right side of her face. Supposing
it to be a species of neuralgia, and
that it would soon pass off, she paid
but little attention to it. The pain,
however, continued to increase in
violence, causing much suffering and
a few days subsequently a small swel
ling commenced to form on the inside
of her face, gradually enlarging in
size. Becoming somewhat alarmed
she deemed it necessary to send for a
physician, and Dr. L. R. Seldon was
accordingly called in. Upon an ex
amination of the ease, being fearful
that the swelling might break and
- produce a lasting disfiguroment of the
lady's oomutenane, ho decided to re
Imove the tumor by the aird of surgical
inatruments, The oporation required
considerable skill and caurtion, but it
Was sucoessf'ully performed, the lady
.undergoitng it with remarkable forti.,
tuide. The tumsor was found to con
tainaesmall feather~about one inch in
length,. which was probably the cause
of all the trouble. Hlow it came
there is a woudr.-Boslen hesrald
The National Revenlses
Yrom the present indications the
receipts from internal roeventre for- the
Ilseal year,.which expires at the end
of nest month, will exceed the estimate
ten or Ifteen millions of dollars,
wh fch is margin' enooglr to prove con
Ielusively tihat it would have been both
'wise and expedient to hrave abolished
I the income taz in the 41st. Congress.
The law as it stands is so stripped of
its eti ngenst features tbat it is the imi
. pression among internal revenue offi
cers that thousands have evaded it,
In a letter written to an assessor of
internal revenue on Frirlay the coin
missionier of the revenue beureatu de'
aided that, salaries of the city and
county officials tare not eze-mpt from
return for income tax under the re
cent decision of the Supreme Court
in the case of Buffiritou vs. Day
Wash. C'or. Richmond Piapatch.
TPhe Richmond Whig understands
that the Alabama and Chattanooga
Iiailway is entirely comyleted, al
2 theagh abone days may elapse before
the road .will be in running order.
L This road extends from Chasttanogga,
Tern., to hieridiain, Mlies., in conec
Lion, with othier roads, fprminig the
- shorteat line betwoen N~ew York, and
Now Orleants, saving twuilvo hours'
r time over existing sobedulesa. The
main lirto is 230 miles long, with la
I torals and aid ings of thirty-soven moiles
making an aggregate of 888 miles.
- Ladiess' round hate are worn tipped
back tq naal the front brain.
The Lost Arts.
BY WENDELL PHILLIPS:
oiTt FACTS AND INVENTIONS.
It is the same with the mechanic
arts. Take for instance, the motion
of heavy bodies across the earth. I
won't stop at the common powere, the
five eitchauicaf powarfr, hecause r vea y
body lnvows we have never added
anything to them. We hnuse never ad
ded a fourth to the nechanisnsince the
ages before history beg:in. But take
the application of force for the mo
tion of heavy bodiea. The other dlay
we ioved the Pelham Hotel, weigh
ing five-thousand tons, fourteen feet,
and we rubed into print about it.
Ve have moved, since then, a block
weiguing eight thousand tons sixteen
feet. Russia, some years ago, moved
a block of granite weighing a
thousand tons fifty-seven miles, and
they wrote a book about it. Hlerodo.
tus says that he saw a temple carved
out of stone ;hat weighed five thou
sand tons, and it had been moved 150
miles. If that is true, all we have
got to do is to sit down. Take the
temples at Carnac, where the columns
are sixty feet high. lho hung the
huge architrave sixty feet in the air ?
Take the py ramids. T he upper tiers
of stones aro very heavy. V ho rais
ed them six hoILd co Itet in hight, ?
Ba!tersoi of Hartford, the head of the
house that makes funeral monuments
for all the north, when travellihg in
Iigypt mi, t lrut o', the . r hit o.,t of the
Thames tunnel ; and as they walked
along the streets of Alexandria, Mr.
Batterson said, "Do you believe in the
stories of Eigyptian engineering.
Bruinel pointed to pompeyI's pillar,
one huindIred feet high, whose capital
weighs two hundred torim,, an d said,
"Sir, there is lnot a school of men
living that can lift two hundied tons
one hundred feet in the air." An'.1
they are the men to ditcuss Egyptian
eng inteer'i tng.
Well, then, take ventilation-this
is a modern art. You know the
p) ramids have either one'room or two.
Some men think they were a treasure
house ; some think they were toimb,.
At any rate, there is an opening in
the ceiling of the interior room, and
in the upper tier of the pyramids are
two openings. For a long ti me they
were never noticed. Within forty
years, a John Bull, that ought to
have been a Yankee, took a cat and
carried her to the top of the pyramids
and locked up her kittens in the room
below. In the morning, cat and kit
tens were found together, proving
that these three openings had a com
mnunioation ; and these ignorant sava
ges actually ventilated their tombs,
while this enlightened and painfully
modest nine e.nth century ha n t %an
tilated its dwelling-houses yet. (Ap
Well, did tht y have canals ?
Europo say's, "1 invented canals six
hundred years ago."' China says, "I
have had them a thousand yeare."-,
"Well," says Egypt, "that don't
amount to much, I have had them
four thousand years." And, if you
will go to that valley of Goshen where
we thought the Jew's ied, you* will
ftnd a canal which a quarter of a mail
lion dollars would put ito wvorking,
'oader,a anal which Moses saw.. It is
forty uiles long, ene hunidred anid
forty wide, arid thirty seven feet deep.
Diodorus says that by sluices and
gates, ingenaiotnely contrived and
quickly opene~d and shut again,, the-y
went fronm letel to level ;. so that they
had locks as well as canals. Indeed,
It is by no means certain that Egy pt
won't have a right to laugh at us out
of horgrave. Th'is Suez canal just
aishod, tills np- with sand, so tha t
they are constantly obliged to dredge
it. E~gypt built a e..nal at right angles
three thousand years agor full half as
large as oursr and it is by no means
certain, and begins to be stipoeted
that we had- bet ter la-ave liaaitated
Egypt and spent one- tezath of our
money andl ru-n a canal. east and west
instead of north and south ; and mil
lions have been thrown away because
we did ntot imitate Egypt.
Did (they have Railroads ? Y'es,
they had railroads.. Our fathers left
railroads in England when they came
to P'lymouth. Tihey were nine hmunded
years old in Eanrope. T bei e are only
two principles ini a railroad.. One- ie
an art-ifcial level, anid I'gypt prodnc
ed that by putting squiare' blocks of
granite suevessi-vely ln the ca-rth.
There is one other principlo-sup,
poeat for the wheels. We suppor t
ours on a rail ; they support theirs in
a groove, h.ying stones in parallel
:linecs, for the wheels to maove in the
grooves.. There is the railroad ; thme
only wonder ,is the locomotive.
Heurodotus says they had great rollers
knado to couvey by maechinery blocks
of grapite. from, the q uerries, down to
the een. Now, what was the machinery?
t shall In that hide behind Arasge, and
A r ago and !a a Boldt stand side by
sidefunsienuce Arago rnalotainod lbe
forq the Freneth 1imktet that the ana.
oients bed theateamnboit.. 'Phore
Is an Egyptaisu representation
of a boat with paddle-.wheels
outside, and the bold full of
maahinary. Arago takaa thi. ma
ohinorv to picce,, ind ,hovs you or
thinks hie shows youi, that thete is till
mechanic.l force that will explain itis
a catat. We know they knew steam.
There were pipes from tihe chllb!rs
of the priesthoiod, goie g up under the
altar, by which they worked of' seem
I could stand here, ladies and
gentlemen much longer than you
would bewillingIto oitithero and listen,
and shliow you thut there is nothing i
new unlder the sun. As Chaucer
I-For.ouit of lhe oll fieIes as man stil h.
toznnaetl at this tew corle fro yere to
And out of old bookep, in p.ool fNiii,
Comlttiteth all this niew science that :nen
hut now to p-irnose, as of this inattere,
To rele forth it. gan time so delite.
'That all tlht day wue thought it but a
My neighbor Hobb*9 went to Lon
dort arrd picked the best foek it cou1ld
show. Locks are borrowedl from
Egypt ; al are something like twent).
five hundred years old. iae sniuwers
and re ,pers. You think when you
get out on the prairies that I ou have
got to the last invention. Pliny will
tell you that they hadi mowers and
reapers on the plains of Fratnco just
like ours. When you go to Vienma
they will show you a mower more
than a thou;aid years old, with fans
aoting like ours.. Take animal nag
netism in the cure of disease. That J
is two thousand years old. You can
trace it into Germany, to Constanti.,
nople. down to D.asmascus, and then to
Calcutta, twelve hu-ndred years back.
Take the water core, (he last of the
medical theories, of wiell Charles
Lamb said, you know, that he did not
consider it was very good, or very t
new for it was at least as old
as the deluge, and that killed a
great many more than it cured ; to
which the cold-water mnan rctorted
that, at any rate it saved tall that
were worthy saving. Take guano, i
that last sgricultural blessing:of Which t
the Yankee said, you know, that he
happened to stll a little in his pock.
et, and as he tried to walk away, found
him.elf eaught, in a vine, and putting
his hand into his pocket to get his <
knife to out his way out, foinlid a r
eucn tuber there, gone to sced- that is %
not new. If there is a dentist here, I
I would remnind him that a mumiy <
was found with every tooth most a
scientiflially pifngged with gold ; and i
every lawyer will remaember that it I
was on the twelve tables of the lut I
Rome thiat nobody should be buried I
until every atom of gold wits taken I
front the body except that in the a
teeth. No doubt Col. Colt invented I
his pistol, or bought the invention, I
but when you go to London they will
show you a tircarn on the ,amne prin- t
ciple, and when you go to lferil
eursed he Berlin forever-you will
find a five-barreled re olv( r.
When you go to Madrid they will
show you the p!ans of a steamlbOat that I
went, ten miles au hour on the spainr I
in 1523. Then, you will say, why i
didn't they have revolvcr3 and steiam
boats I Well, I will tell 3ou. The f
brain was ahead of the b inds, They
cotild invent ;; they eoubl nzot multi
ply. The mechanic hadln't come.
Smiles says that whean Watts first
took hold of the steam engine, the
eyffndet' was s6. inperfect it took a i
fortnight to pack a piston that would
woik. When Brunel came and gave
Nina a eylinder as perfect as wvatch- I
workr, the steam engisne began. And I
Smiles says at that da4te. ninety yearsi
ago, they could not get cog-wheels<
that would fit. It took a day or two
to file theiwinto harmiony. And he
desoribos a largre piece ot' machina y'
put up in one of the Eniglishm counties
where the workmen filed so long upon
iwithout success that they itt last
flung their tools at it and said, "Work i
it into harmony ;" and Smiles said<
yous could bear it gtlitd ha'~if a mile,
htway. l'ow, when the works of the<
Gleat Eastern were brought from
workohops miles apart, sand steanm wa V
put into the cylinder, the grcsat gi-ans
began to smove as5 noiselessly as a baby,
breathes. The- meohsanic had come.
Well, aherry-eobblers are -tnot newI
-drinking lignior throughl a straw,
Every boy thiat reads Annophoni re.
miembers tha4~ wh'en, be broughbt the '
Greek army hono' fromn Persia, they 'i
Ciam-e theuurghr a tvibe thaat a~t their I
lig.uor awaay until frozen with crold, I
andI drank i't through a straw.'
You thittk. ereoscopes tare new.
When the ist photogruapher showed',
you one, you thought you had come I
to the very end. Galen, the great
physician, a Grecian, nearly siXteen
.hundred years ago, describes a st ereo
scope juist like what we use to day.
I might speak to you' of the fineness
of-aneient manufacturers of je'welry.
We think them very cars ; btut the
Dutohess of Horry, one of the Blour
bons, took a necklace which came
from the neck of a nmummy, and wore
it at a ball at tihe Truilleries, and it
was called the finest in the room.
You have what you oall Etrueoan
je wefry, dea d .gold ; but the real
Ecrscan jewelry found in the ruins
of the ancients before Ihome came, Is
dead gold powdered with gold ; and
Is not yet discovered,'although two or
thi-ee menm have wasted their lives In
trying, It bas not been found by what
Invluible solder that gold has been
key In its place.
Take liinne.ns. You kmw the E k
pcr >r of Rus in, the other day, gave
Lo a lady in Iartford a lace veil that
lo its on the atmosphere as you fling
it off. But the anclents did that.
take D.aoc:r muslin, of whieh you
boar in the missionary meeting with
onisi.ment-finer than the veil You
k ,osv the old novelists actually ex
hnstfd their wit. in describing Dacca
mudin. Do you know that sort of
a it which conisits in mere oxage'ra
t -n, is Ofriaental ? Yon know it has
boon sid, they are so dishonest in
S,inl that they tAke in their stone.
walls ut night. That sort of wit i
Driental . In the old novi.1, nitine
hundrid and seventy years old, an In
1lian princess comes Into the room.
[for father says,"Daughter,go home ;
you are not decently covered." She
replies, "Fathor,l have on seven
muitH." But they were Daco unislin,
,) line that could not be seen. The
misionaries say that when laid on
lie grass to whiten, the dew hides it,
fue finest French mus:in yon ever saw,
3ever had more than a hundred flnd
ity threads in an inch. I ain told
It is not made liner than two hundred
.iat Wi kerson Ias a bit of mummy
:loth in London that has five hundred
Ind forty threads in an inch ; and if
lhat was imi ade Withi the hand, it would
)aO incredible. But Lepsins report
rd to thef British government, forty
tears ago, that on the carved marble
of (*artlage he found every spinning
unchine that is known in Europe,
t1)d the Jacquai d loom-all carved
in nirble two thousand years ago.
rou know the French chernists, who
ave anl)I)zed the fringes of the
uummy cloths, stato that the very sys.
em of acids und mordants by which
re make colors fixed, were known to
he Egyptians two thousand years
ANC ENT ANID MODnn iN elVtLIZATI)N.
Well, I told you I should lead you
o suspect we did not invent every
hing. Why do I neod to stand hore
tnd grope in the ashes to find it out I
Ieeaute everything that Egypt knew
vas hidden in the bosom of priests
md kings. Knowledge was the se.
ret of the upper classes ; it was the
'ight hand uf despotisi ; it was the
captro of the aristouracy ; it was the
mvis ofcaste. And when Catahses
:ae down from Persia and thunderod
cross Egyptf trcading out un.Jer the
oofq of his horses royalty and priest
ood, he trod out art. God fitly
MunishedA the selfishniesis which let
earning become the secret of the up.
eor clisses, and the night of ignor
nCe came t0Upon Egypt. The printing
ress, thagreat discovery of modern
ine, guarantoes us against it. I
ay, dikcovery of modern times. but
he only wonder is that the anc'ents
'aie.1o fleat'the printing pressand did
tot clutch it. Wheni 3on go to Rome,
ou will see a brick-maker's card in
lelibly impressed upon a briek. Tho
opo will show you, in the Vatican,
lie stamp with whiceh it is done. It
a the brickmnaker's advertisenent.
.ayard found, at Ninevnh, bricks'
our thoiand years old, -made in the
ame way. Now, that b:i.kmaker's
taml), though four thouanniI years
id, is essentially a stereott pedi page
lie same as you print a Bitble to day.
t is onl13 one step from the brick.
naker's stamp at Nine. hi down to
tereotyping-one step. It took four
r five thousan-i years to make
hat step, but wheni it ma made, civi
izat ion changed her character. Learn.
ug no longer skulked in the dloister
iir bid herself in the palace. flyo
ame and joined hands with the peo
>le, minist ering to their daily wants.
Ve do not have aerology antg the
tars ini the service of kigs ; we have
stronomy gui-ding the sailor-boy up.
mn the osean.- We do not haveehbom
*try hiidden in~ fahorntorteg, tryi-ng to
hange every substance irnto'golef ;
re have Liebig, with his hands full
f b~h saings, for every farmer. Welil,
his tin, 6 oth century Is net what
me know--they knew mo'e than we
snowv ; it is the use we make of what
te know. When Gibbon planned his
'istory of Rome, lie attered thli proud
'east. "the hand aan never go back
n the diaf-yhite of Timeo. We have
at h'e w have~ get trow--wo defy
im.. ie twado that boast as bel
'at among th-e riri'ns- of Home, an'ij
ooked out on' whnt wars once Cesar's
mSlace. Uiouyld he h ave looked down on
rhbes,-ocould behaveosevn liineveh -
atioens that went up to their zenith
nd down to their graves-fire in one
tand and ir'on in the other, and could
tot save art, ho would not have uter
d that boast.
But friends, it is neither (Ire flor
ron, it in neither ehemiatry nor me
hannies that saves civilirzation. it is
very diff'oren.t element; It Is the
hoetrine that we got from the New
restament. it is the brotherhtood of
ho race, for' which this- nation ago-v
izes to-day ; it 1s the sublime' rule
hat no man has a right to know any
hing whicbhbe dobs not make eere
dcnable to his follow-men. That is
be nineteentheoentury. EA pplanso.)'
~nd that arone will make our art Itne
norteil, if God means that it shall
The black caterpillars have appeat.
,d in immense number* In the6b0660m*
A lilt of History.
The passage of the Ku-Klux bill
iembodying as its most prominent and
most dangerous featnre the suspension
of the writ of habeas corpus in such
places and at such times as the Presi
dent may choose to dictate, recalls a
historical incident which, though fro.
quently alluded to, luscs none of its
signifleance by familiarity. We
moin the prediction uttered by
llenry Sherburne, a prominent mem
ber of the British parliament, in 1783.
This statesmen possessed sufficient
foresight to see the inevitable result
of the coercive measures employed by
the English government against 'tho
American colonies ; urged the with
drawal of the military forces, and the
prompt redressof these grievances of
which the colonists complained. In
short, Sherburne was in favor of peace
rather tnan war, and throughout the
bitter struggle of seven years, was a
firm, consistent and judicious friend
of those immortal rebels whose wisdorm
and courage gave us at last a place
among the nations of the earth. Some
time in 1870 the continental Congress
sent Col. Henry Laurens of South
Carolina as diplomatic agent to Eu
rope ; hoping through his efforts to
secure alliance, or at least the good
will, of Al'c Continental powers. On his
voyage vut Laurens was captured by
an Englifa ship of war, carried to
London and confined in that grim old
Tower which has been the scene of.so
many great events, of so much heroic
suffering, of so many political martyr
doms. Here he remained until hos
tilities closed, and being then releats
ed, became for a brief period the guest
of Mr. Sherburno, whose acquaintanoo
he had formed during captivity. Of
course the future prosyects of the
young republic was tho subject of
much of their conversation, aind one
day while this theme was being dis.
oussad by thn enthusiastic patriot and
his calmer and more experienced
friend, the latter remarked , "Colo
nel, you have gainod your independ
ence, and you know how much I have
contributed to that result ; but after
all I seriously doubt whether in the
end it will be fortunate for you."
Laurens looked at the speaker inquir
ingly, and Sherburno proceeded to
explain the difficulties which lay in
the way of establishing a popular
government, the innovations which
would gradutally creep into the sys'
tem, undermino its vital principles,
and finally destroy the fabric alto.
gether. "For instance," said he,
$there is the great writ of habeas
corpus, which has cost the peopie of
Emgland so much blood and treasue
to maintain. We know its rnonletlaw
ble advantages, and the absolute ne
cessity of guarding them with the
ut most vigilance. &ut habeas eorpuP
has cost you nothing ;. it is a pawrt of
3our birth-right, and never having
had to fight for it, you will not and
cannot prize it suffliciently, and as a
natural consequence, on the fBrst ocea.
sion of trouble or violent party strife
you will lose it." Laurens endeavor
ed to convince his companion that his
views were erroneous, and that Ameri
cans abovo Al other people, wonld
never allow this corner stono of per
sonal liberty to be tampered with on
anf pretext. Sherbrne sma-led, but
made no reply.
Only a little more thtan three-quar
ters of a ceino:y has gone since then,
and thae predietiott Is falfnlled So the
letter.- Lineoln and Stanton, under
thme specious plcu of military n-coessi-,
ty, destroyed the sanctity of the writ
and so far as was possible, o'ad6 it
conrtem ptable in the eyes of the peo
ple, When the Domocracy protested
against this fatal preced'nnt they were
tt.frf tljat war justified the stop, and
that when peace re.turned again, the
venerable b ulwark of freedom. would
regain its former prestige and retair
it forev'er. Ilow stands then question
to-day ? Congress has just conferred
upon the United States tke power to
saspend the writ of habera corpus
whenever and wherever he phease,
and this unlimilted absolaitely pespotie
authorhty,ilodlged in his hands untif
after a presidential election ecars in
whieb helualreadyanotwmto be a can.
d idate f Was there ever such seicidal
folly, snob faoatical bl'indnoms, such
cmminaf recklessnessw as thie i A nd how
long may a people Who patiently tiub
mit to such deliberate robbery of their
deafest rights, expect to enjoy a sin
gle vestige of that priceless liberty
which their fathere won,-Afissouri
Onitf' of dernmang,
A movemtut has been set en foot
in N~ew York to organife a Oetman,
A merican N(ational A'ssociatlon. This
idea has sprung from the unity with
which the peace festivals have been
worked, and shore is good reason to
believe that the profeet will be follow
ed up Ii other cities. The object of the
association will be, aecording to a
of reelar from~ the provision af' ow
m Ittee "to unite nationally (3er man.
A mnerioana for the mutual1 advantoe
m ent of their intereutyP.
SWhy la a grant of'real estate wove
valid- t-ade on 0unday? ie3cause
the better the day, the belier the
Another Atlantie Cable to be Laid.
The new Atlantic cable company
recently organized under the name of
the "Now York and London DirecS
Telegraph Company," expects to lay
its new cable, which is now in process
of manufacture, early next fall. The
American terminus of the cable will
be somewhere on the Rhode Island
coast, at a point which will allow of
its being conneeted with land line*
radiating to all parts of the United
States, and the Old World terminus
somewhere on the coast of South
Wales, which is free from icebergs.
Tho Right lion. the Earl of Pudloy,
London, is chairman of the company,
whose capital is .630,000 in 63,00
shares of A.l 0 each. They claim that,
with a comparatively nmall capital up
on which to pay dividends, they will be
enabled to maintain a lower tariff of
prices than has hitherto boon achiev
The Wheat Crop,
The report of the Department of
Agriculture, for the months of March
anid April, says the condition of win
ter grain is very gratiflying, the fall
and winter being specially favorable
to germination and vigorous growth.
The spring has been unusually early
advancing the grain about two weeks in
advance of its regular status. Win,
ter killing is exceptional, and in
most of the States unknown. Very
little wheat is grown in New England,
and none in Rhode Island. The mid
dIe States send very cheering reports.,
as also, Virginia and North Carolina,
in the West, Ohio, Indiana, !(entueky,
Missouri, arc generally favorable,
while in Illinois every county has a
good report. In the Northwest wheat
is fine. On the Paoillo coast the re
ports are more variable.
West or South I
We are glad to see that the New
York Tribune sympathizes with the
view mupon whikh we have long insist
ed, as to the relative superiority of
the Southern States over those of the
far West as a point of emigration for
Morthern settlers. It is at the pains
to deny that it urges every ody to
fly from the East to the West, from
the cities to the country, and there
engage in farining, S, far from urg
ing all to migrate Westward we are
told it has over and over again insist
ed that lands are qufte as cheap and
inviting, all things considered, in the
South, and oven in the less densely
populated portion of New Jersey,
Delaware and Maryland, as they will
average in the West. For organized
colonization, the Snuth, it is thought,
affords equal sope with the West.
Corbonic Aeld Gas as a Fire Extinguish-,
In the bill Wil'ch fia passed the
New York Legh Itur- 'relative to the
fire-alarm telegraph of the New York
city, is a clause athorizing the fire
commissioners to give- the Metropoli..
tan fire extinguishing comwpany ane
thority to lay pipes under the streets,
afleys, &-., of that oity, under the
direotion of the comunrissioner of pub.
lie works, the company prosposing to
extinguish fires b the use of arbouin
ucid gas. It is said to be the inte02
tion of the comnpnmy to' hay pipew simi
lar to gas pipes throughout the city,
thirty-six inches bolow the eurbstones
with reservoirs for hold fng tIre gas one
and a half iles apa'rt,
D)cath of thefdest(!|dIfov.
ohnm~ Saton, the oldest ed!
residence in Cantone (Ohio, on Satur
day last, aged 8f years. ife como.
moncod the publicatioti of the Oantorn
lRepository in 1814, and was connect.
ed~ with iE from that time until his
denth,. Mr. 8, cast bris frst Presiden.
ti'al vote for lMr, Mfadsson, and subse.
qtrently be was a constant supporter of'
the peine?pfes of the Whig party
durng ts ay, and then of'
the Republican partf. fs was u
man of temperate and frugal habits,
th ta securing hrealth and long 1life,
There is no record of ay man whor
publisied a newspape'r consetatively
sodlong as John Saxton, and few have'
led such spotless lives.
%u drit Simalkirg,
We are teformed that on the~ nigh~
of thme 4th insty a party of diagnised
men made a raid on the pfoatatioir of
Ret'. .Pr. Jones, in Glenn Springe
Towmnship,S8partanburg Oou*Sy, and
M'urdered a respeeteable eolored many
named Wallaee gowler. It appeae
that a tiber. of disreputable ohatn
aeters-colored and whife-restded
near thse plae and us generally be
lieved In the community that they asu'
the murderere.- A senstatifonal story
was started1 that eoals of Are -wor
placed upon the breast of Walhadi
and that othet ontrages- were commit.'
ted Io theviolnlty but t~irisdee
by gentlem fom that seitibe e(
When~ I7A es
danoelog toehuMi ~ t4
duty ar ~ jIeg* SW
pat hough tO *0i
wi eamis at fee' .