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THE FAIRFIELD HERALD
lubishti l Every Wedlnesilay at
W VBNOR1 cO, S. a ,
lipDI It'l'EI & 11 I ii ,1U8,
TEh'.118--I A IAD VA NCE.
One Copy one year, - - 3 0t
11FS TDAY'd PROt'ENDIP (GS.
Co01 An:IA, 11. C., Mlay 1).
TV9lhe (onvention Inet at 11 A. M.
Mr. Wailcy itiroduced a reI.olu
toin, whiA wIs adloijted, that it be re
fcrred to the l'cuniti-ve Conimittee to
intliire atnd] teport tipon what terms,
mnd for what consideration, the mik
ia and e .ntion of the 'loe Ridgo
Itailroid Cotipany, and other 'cii
panies, of it mortggo to Tienry
'lows, llonry ( ourdin Iand Gco. S.
(amevron, to setire tih paymntit of
cert.aini b6n14Is, vas ratill md to n.l c
iruled by the legilatuxre, and tie
uaid ntlortl.Ige (1eclared to be a ''lienii
prior to timt of the State oil all pro.
pert y described In sai mortgoge, aid
urn tho enatire line of the lile ide
Railroad, and ot all otier properitie4
- of the teveral com:an1ties, of which
they. or eithor if' tien, may hereaftetr
ncgnire.' ''hat the conlmtittec Ie
instui cted to report. what aetiont, it
any, cn lie tadken by this body to
prvent, the nilrditation (if tie
ttet's liel Ilplon the hins Of the Blue
Mtidge lIt'ilroall, and thie entire pro
perties of tile other compaiies, to tie
Jiunior claims of private individuals.
(n. 0ary offe'cred it resolution,
which was adopted, that at cominttee
of even be appioiit'd to Ianemorialize
the Governtor ant1 ttie iigislautII re oI
this State its to the i xpediency of re.
pualting or tolit,, iug the eletiiin
laws otf this Suae, and that said comVi
miitteo do tepurt tpen the expmhnelle,(y
of alopting thIo cuia itive systmcin of
Voting, or such sp iitem ats will protect
the ights tof, minorities.
Tho cliir appointed as the commit
St( e to, iier with the Governtor,31essrs
)l. '.1., 1 1 tle r, 0. Jones, (I. Canlnon,
Ji. V . biall, W. 11. Wallace, ltiielard
.j i unia. F. Il. 'Wit alcy, . ! A. Trait.
, Iholm, It. .1. Svot t, U. W. Dud ley and
'' . \V oherv.
. MIr. 3all iintroidiced a reso!tion,
- vich watis alopt ed, l.i1t t lie cotmimlit
too appoiicd to conftr with i the tov
e1in01r hc f'urther insitrutcted to consult
vith him ahid ascertain to what exictnt
the (o u'ty ellivers have hc n in
creased iutineces.nrily, with ia view to
retrenehment and reform.
- On motion of (lol. Cash, it was te
rzolved that the ilovertior be inivitud
'to ia seat on lte floor.
SIlion. G. Ca it ntroduced a re.so
lAtioni, wh ich was adopted, that tlie
'comnittee appoint ed to colifer watll
'the (Governor be furthor instrneled to
u nlkeertain froml him thle amlount of'
boinds lie h1as sigied, and what dispo
Sition huts boetn Imiade of thetn.
Coiil., S. C., May 10.
Mr. Cliesnit, from tle .Executive
Cotnoittee, rcportel u pun tie re
isclutt ions oif 31 r. Worle*I y tat rel ationt
to the hamini.,'tratjion of jaastico re
idottmmenad ing thIat thea suaine do piass.
Them report wvas adopite and h le re
sotlutionsa eigirod to aas follows.
Iaie.!i/r , Thaat, we' deprca'&te anyh
antd aill local distura nces ar ist ing on'it
of the oI rri tat iont con~sequen lt uipon the
rSjpposedi ma-amnistrat'in of pub.
he afairs n theStaute, andc we apa
to the pecoplet to respec t thle lawts andtt
to looh to thiemi onlhy for the redre'ss of
heti r ~rievanuces.
Mir. 1i'. le'. \Vart-ty (iffered resolnu
tions 'ht ''hie (dontvenitiona cxhort the
pe~ofile (it' thle State to uataian froam
.aif acts of v iolenace, anid to rely utpota
the law andl other~ prope'r iag'enles
foi the red reas of' grievuancios, of
iWhch they jan'ly compildain ; that his
Neteecy the 0Governaor having ex.
prened ai dche, to aippoiiit good uta
to oilleej It ia'tt die tci himat that thle
citizcaus of eachl County should confer'i
witht himit folly itt i-reu,. to the
fitnescs of his 'ahppointet's to onlice;
tlti wo ' reccilinioud to thle people
thronghout the State, wtithiout refr
ecvo to poli tiocal piaritmsu to aissemtble
t ad pttition the Leicgisl aturce to repeal1
useless iindl obnuoxious hawis. ltli'rred
to'thmo lixeon i yo Coitnmit toe.
Oni aetiont of- .\r. T. Y. Satmons, it
RJolveund; That thvis Cotintnti of
thie pr~oety-butldere'*'ani tud-payers~
of thIo;taite of South - Carol inn dha
boreby d-etm It out' duty3 to dchure
thot the - bonids heretofore issuettd,
without, logal sanuotionu, anit the so
called storling -.oana', 'or tiny other'
handas oui obligation heareafter issued,
p~uportingI to be uinder aind by vir'tue
of'iuabtoityiof.a the Stiato, ais lt pres
ent cinmt itut cd, will'iots bat held bind-'
ing on tas; and t ttWrecomtuend t
the peocploa theioAtaten6 in ever'y tani.
nttIpuh%-lt iall tlimes, toaresist the pay3.
any~3. tix t~O.pay13 the stamae, by all t o
t opirti ad e i.so stinOt to roeei voi by
fla9.(cii .ir.:cobliiaions 'horeua4t&,r'
Iictimtplmi'fog .io':biund:- the - pro
pe4$f or pieudag thei acredit of' tho
Stja% uandl thtstalh.uau bond-or ob
liganoii.s,w ill be hld to bo .ut aid.
vedss hauving beonuissueod corruptly
4'he Conwittoo n S~frg s and
SPIub:sa hoase'sup vrted.th
elouen secobrwvyd n~uuanswer
Medhd ield 5 ko$ tie
ora rtecnt Engli h history, that the
pr iloo of minority reprehcritai-ti'on
s in *ecoriaice with the teaubigs oof
btrto. political economy.
Ex-Gov. Mann ig spoke at' lCn1gh
in Opposition ' t t t oIr
(en1. M. W. Gary supported the re
p(r of the committee in tppropriato
and striking terms, showing the ad.
vaitages of tho cumulative system of
r . Cha mberlain, in support of t1e
rc 1prt of the conniltiee, made u eh1 -
<1u4ent and ffeting speech ; tit the
o!oso of wIhichb,' tli que.st ion being
pUt, the report was adopted.
COLU'MilA, May iI.
The convention mot at 12. 1.
The xecutive Committee reirari-ted
IIIon a reisol ut ion calli ing upol each
likolinlohe to 1poe.. it $5.00 With tihe
seeretary, to) deiray the vxpeinsoie (if
the (iCvention. Ado4ptc. AIho,
r1ported( ujon the resolution of Judge
Ahlrich in regard to taxation without.
repore-ntalion, which was read and
ihleid eporo the 2x4eii\'e (om
titOtee in the resolutiot of Mr. Cham
Ierlaini, in regard to violence in 0er
tain Comities in the State, was read
aw adop te. Almo the report of' tie
s:imie Conuintitte, on giving lower to!
the l',xe'itive Committee to re-atissim
b1le the Convenition1 at such thimei as!
they may deem expedient. ALu, the
reort (if tho s3; I1a com11mittoe with
regPard to ta xation ; &.o, ats to the
olkects (f 1he Convention.
Mr. ( 'hesnuit, for the 1x-c01tive
Comiittee4, asked to be discharged
from ti consideratioii (if ocertnitn re
solutiois by ar. Smait. miol Mr
IiChambei tin in regard tW> lianCes of
the ,.-tate, itnastuch au;thesujt mat
tor hadl heen already rep )rted. up.
,1r. ';4ereven, for th Uomm ittee 4m
St 1r;ge and44 I'leetions, inale a ligthy
and inlerestilig 1eport, and asked that
the subject be referred to the E1xoi'
tive ('0o41ittee, Which is at pCruinei at
bod v. So ordered.
Mr. . K . (ireenild offoreI the
follwinog, which was referred to the14
1I'xenutive C-24lnonittee ;
Wireas j-int committeo of the
c-Senato and Ilions.a of Ito IrIsenta. ives
had bIen appointed for tic purp.,se of
inlvestigat ing- irregula ri ties in at cer
ti in mitt actppointed to tako tes
tin:ony in regard to the electin II
(lhf Third Conigressional Daistrict in
1868 ; and whereas it. is believed that
a larger amtinit has been drawn fiom
the Tre-ni iry than has been properly
c'u141nt ei for ; tieiefroe,
isolvol, TIniat the lixecutive Com
iteheintucted to) ituptiire inito
the maitter, with it view of dotermin
iig what act ion, if anly, shoiuld be
takenii ill the ii ator.
Th1ie coiin III ittee to whoimi Wits refe'rr
'1d the Til(es1on of the expedioney of
(ho C11111ulativo systcim of' Voting, or
'ucht s4ytmil aIs will lirotect the rights
of minorit ies, ISk leave to mako tie
followinig report :
T :leans of protecting the rights
, . 0: i's, in repreaentitative foris
1g14e ii o . has fo4r a long peii(d
engaged the ittenltion of thoughtful
minds. InI Euope, as we ats in
this county, tis qestion htas bee
fuli1ly d iscus'sed, and~ a sat i 4actoiry
siluit in anlx iioutsly souight. Soi de4fee0.
Iivec is the systemt of moret' maljority
Iini'-ssi llsgiati atre the aihnses to
wichl it is liale, thatt the net tCssity
for a 14 its t tticatio strikes~ wvithi force
every imtparItij~l oblserver. It is ob
v'ious Ithat. the tit. nteeds Of goodh gtiv
ermnle1n 'it reqire th Vt t s1415meii effect ive'
ofgi mini is41 43s.i i4t Your. couitt et.deem
it. tunl1'we 'i i)ry 4 to ent,'r upon4 144
anal~mysia of the4 severa'ls3ehe'ime.s ~f pro
porit ional: re3presen ltait ion thmat havt e
been siitgestedi. Enouiogh to s iy tha t,
inI our1 jndlgmen3t, the ph1in1 of otinmula
ti ve votig be(3-t taccomnplisheos th ito 14
in v iw-bUest maklies rtepie0.141ntat iton
co)-Cxteimsive withi the whole bodly of
eltetors'. 'iTis phlan obtains wherev'er
iher is more1C thtai one0 ot'ieur to be
1?lted 3t. It gi'vs the1 elec3tor ais many
vtems as there atre pesn to lie chosen0
antd all1ows him11 to bestow his votes
irponii the wiho li number, or' to enma,14
1la I t.he upon any)I ~i~ number less9 Itan
the4 whlole. TPhe efrut of this systemu is
to give to eatch poli leatl initerest inl a
11141d. r its opeOrationl, the trute uoieec of
i-u ffraige, which is to colleet the sense
oif tile whole communlliity, will be sub
ser1 ve'd. There is el'eoted nteither ex
(miusiv rei'preletatitiont of the majiority,
nor1 e3xelnivei' represettionl of the
inori41ityv ; butt proportiontal represen
Yotur committee are of the opinion
t hat, abs41traet ly lonidered,')t1 propor
tionail repiresettion1 is at gieat Lg4v
Ornmenl~itail piinciple-a wise, just.
measuvottof refotrmi, anid one0 abs. in
iytneer~~:ary to make unlimited iu-l
framge cobsistecnt with peace, orideri amm d
Stei tly. it enters the political body
as i'aviog, a conserving elemeont. It
co'mes3 to) lealvenlLi thelamp~ of ihmmoer'a
cy, anid'tLo give tihe casence (of gernuine
Rlepuilhioaismti, wiiolh is briefly atoat'ed,
thorough and' general r'eprei-entation.
Bint if prop1irtionllt r'epriesentatt ion be
anf aidiirableht syatemi ,11n any govern-'i
onioti. 'nlittee ld that pothet ll,
peculiarly' applicable to auch a condi-,
1.ion1 of sco iot.y es this State now pro.
Your commnitt'i dio noti afiim that
tis wtould cutre all the diseases of' the
body ptolit~io ;.but they may, with1out
ext ravytgancer, suggest that .1 ihe systein
of proprtionalreprepOtotion, if adop.
t dhy,th>s whio wield thotlImerij'
e j owe,.wuldalleviate many of
inml cond it ioni, 'ould, , to -A ,larg~e ir.
t t, tranqouiiQpublc.apprehensionts,
oi li. t,4 n 4dpt v4j *piri of qtical .
can reasonably hope to attain.
Your committee are aware of the
fact that this measure of eleotoral re
form) if it shall be promptly realised
by us, must come from the domi
nant party of 'the State. Whoth.
or it will oon o'r not, we cannot do
eide. [n either event, the minority
in South Carolina pa-t forth theih
claims in this behalf. It is thoir
right. Shotid it be denied, the res.
pouabit)ility must rest upon those who
use tns (lie power that the preset
gi ves. Shlintild ir be tetdered, it "ill
donh 'l css pr.cllo liii it . itA oi jV i.- ie
and wideni the cirtch- of pwaee This
niti we m y add: Sance it is the nat ure
of' maj. ities to chi tlge, i m11a.y be well
for tho doniitint pii'ty to Consider
wihethert ti'' :'oa e i.iu - t popit tiotnal
represt.tat-i ny tot or them, be
thle be.t poti[ For ti.e fucit e, as we1l
ats the lt helto t wiso.v for the plietnt.
1). T11 (). A S,11 Ce iitee,
The report of tie .xheent ivo C.
mittee oi the sulbj eot of taxabticm
withoit iepresentia was subc it
ted l is Is follow is
Tlehec Excetttive Conmnittee, to
whoun were referred the grievane~s nf
taxationt withoit, repre.-etiation in
the tnxitng bodY, aid to bu.gcd a
remedy for the exi Hing e..ib, beg
leave to report that the present, pi
I itical ti fiat tni.l condition of Souith
Caroliia is at forcible and anchuttholy
illustration of the eis resulting from
taaation witiont 11.e.preetation . 'he
jlicitial itvestigh i.;8 laitely haul in
the United Snates Coutrt for this D;sa
trict provo, beyord -ontr.ve.syt that
astounding iraltds wete (11tiet!cI in
the last electioi, tiid demonstrated
tie icev'Ssity of a reiel y.
The theory (if Uhe c o nmiti'ion Is
that tile people Alall be fully and
fairly represented, and protvi is
iade in that tisIrinntnt to protc
mninoritics. 'hus, ill the llou4e of
lepresetataives, the majority ' es.
In tle Senate, tie States are repre.
sentedland the sniadlest has anil e qual
Vote with the largert 8tae. The
('1ue is intenalede to bo a check on the
other. \Vhile the war lasted, pIs to n
took the pl:ice of reas it ; the States
repretcsited in the Senate set teile
the Cotstitutio'. forgot their soveign.
ty tid blindly followed the lead of
cottqjuest. Since the iWar, tihe States
that struggled for what they u'itppos,
ed wa: at constittational r'iglt lave not
betena repcretsented, tlit' Set ators are
not na iv ',1r it' n-,tives, alre not
reIe.esentative mlelin 8a )that Ithe Check
a the Soat'e, Its epriseented in (he
Seniate, has beea eit il ely lo.st ; atil, of
course84'o, ia\ \t' ieilatio ts been parti,
S..11, etiontal and V indictive.
The same 1' at e w hieb eibaracteriz.
ed the Coiigel siaal legis:ttiii Wa1s
icor jiora teoid in our State governmaten t.
The P'arish systm. whitth exis td inl
our Staite (o ituition lefore the W:11r,
Opeeated as a cltCk upon all legi'lta.
tion of tie ile, I(' hlajority. Tie net
Constitht ion. of '(5 and '68 aboli.4-ed
that, conserv tive element. Under
the Cotstitution oif '65, it is possible
no evil woulti hate reailtud ; because
intelligence and property we ee1tal.
ly represeited atl tall the vote r.i le
longed to the .a ie easte. Uminer (ie
Ceimsthti on of '(18, haowev'er, a new
etelet was broutghit inito the volt ing
power. Meni of' a diff'eet raceO antd
eaistb, uncieueted shiv es ft' rmin
patedt, an itpssildeO pcteol, whose
piassions taindI tprejudice~ts couil bte easti
hy exci tedl, itere'~ sulddlely elothlied
wvith iihe ecft ive tfr acln ehit ad tamaale
not, only) a porw er, an.t the con trolling
pow'er in the St aue.
Conetidclrting outr cot tl it ion, thena,
the resn il' wdas inovitable. Tlhe newly
enflra nel chid ac'ori ot only j.':altu aar
their facqui rid Ii icer j$, bait suisiciou is
of lie feeliag at d itenrtions of' their
Ilate owniers. They were ignor anit cof
piolitical aiffairs, tot ally huin trute d
in the seienace of gaever'inment andh
naaturally tturnted to the ttent holt had
flocked here its birds of' rey. It was
equaally natuiral rotr the native, respec
tabl te attid inteolliga tt white peo~ple,
who hadl heret'fore contriolled aff'a irs,
to feel a satpjremai udisgust,-antd to haold
thaemiselves tiloof Ci om this iass of
ign)or' aatncz i vice. It tauatno tie
remicecred that the Ilug> n ajority
of tli e gettemeon in thle State, of e'x,
prinence, patriotism atnd virtue, were
laborinag tInder lie political dlisa bili
ties of die recontst ruttion Acts, which
Iprevenrted thetm from t:k inig pa:rt in
le'gislat ivo proceedinags.
But time, waithl its hteaafng inflaena.
ees, has shown tio the co-loreCd people
that the white pecolo iae no- dispo.
sition to deprive them of ainv et thecir
rights, civil or' political, thbat htav'e
beent conferred on~ themn. It has
provedl to the whli te people that the
colc'tedi cfitizensti, gene'rally, footl nio en.
iiy againist them.ii, a.'e itot disopostdi to
o)ppess them, andi~ are willinig, if' not
tnitouets to tia all themittselvyes of their
ea rntitng, ex perai ec, via tate andi pta
tt iolidih. It has abc> proved'C~ to thle
advenfiturer--, white iand coltioed, that
lihe eyes ol t I e nati'ec colo,'ed peu.ople
arrc opehI to~ thecir selflblnesvs tand raipa
Jiav itg a t tived at tlhis contclusion,
the ilinertitn a, llacan wet i av 'ail our
selve'as of t ha pataweri of this niati e
elemenct it cd get lidi of the bad in.
Ilheneo wht i' hats heretofore controllI
edi it, uisatg ithe colored people as
mter'o voan g ebitos,5 to plundaer anad
iin i thisa devoted Stato 1 Th'ley need
anal deoireo the virtue, inttelligene
amid experafino oif the native white
peohp!e Trhe white poeplo Odnnot mtain
tain theo anientt virtue, dignity tand
honor of thit old State, uuiless th~ tna
tivea doloreod pecoplowill co-operate with
themtu. 'illie corruption (if tis Statto
oiv'erlanet is noe~torious ;- brj tes are
openly ofl'd ed- to,- adl received by
bena opd andi Lfepresentatives; liigh
o~'itl ar'e engaged in specultating amn
sttcks iad bonadat. of theo Stae; tall
trated openly liere in thiii capital, and
there has 'nut been the first proseou.
tion -ootmrenced to prevent then. Iu
a wo-rd, the ancient honor of the proud
old pitato is lot Pnd gone-. JVery
whito tuafn, and 'every 'olored Iuau,
who is a nativo of South Carolina,
must deplore this di-graceful and hu
Your tommittee believe that tIre
publio mind is ripe to correct this
e'il anDI 011-o this disg'racel and,
therefore, propose the following
Ite:-oh ed, That we recomhrend to
the Lagislattire the plMalge of ilal
i .%., by which tiht 6),(0
ti o-pay ing Votel % w.Il h vo i at ptY1i -
It 1.kate represttet inl thle L..vda -
title of the State, w-1h1 the 90 000
Vouteurs I, Iho pany Ito tzaxo. A I opo.i.
tioll -V , .s , reasaonalle an.l rm esuiell
tiousI et.iuliaot fil 0 to CIllttrietd itt-e'f
favorably to ece-y right-rnitidod oiti
k.n.li pec-tfully .,ho1itt-olk
J AS. CH SIN 1T, Chairnun.
)ur comuittee, to whotm Was re
fet red t he reisolut ion providing th..t.
tho Executive Coin-nittee witli lie
iresiet it o -this Convont ion, shall
bas't it in ebhargo to proteet, tile ih
ter. t epreist'tetittd by thii Conven
tion duritig the intorval of adjourn.
Inet.t, to teep in view the ctrret
legisla t ion, 0nd to l the oniivnt ion
tiogether at such tite as they think
proper, Leg leave to repprt thatt, they
haVe had thb mloe under 13otaidera.
tion and recoimetd its adoptian.
I. C. SMAR',
For the Executive Conmittee.
At 1 P. M , the Convetition took a
recess to -t P. M.
The Committee of live tin tbe post
p1tteIllett of the collection of takes
were apipoinited its folliows: T. Y.
Siiolliol., W M. Sha1innon, M. L.
Hothamli, James 11. Giics. J. P. Rich.
Mr. Warley, frotm the xcecutive
ComIittee, reported regardinig lie
mtio1igiges ou the lilue Iidgdi Rail.
roid, showing in eioiieht aterd befit
ting terms that the whole .scheme was
a swindle, and an outrage upon the
good credit of the State. The re
port w-is agreed to.
dIr. J.,nes A. Hoyt. of Ander:aon,
offered the following reaulution which
was adiopted :
Resolved, That thde report of the
Colinmittee oil Election anid Sultrage
liaws, d1144 pted b3 the (oivl enti libl
platd ill 11ii halik of :A speci I com
Imaittee of ' ete- lu mble-r.s of the Co i
v(t-n:ioa, who-e dlly it shall b e to
trants oit the report as a memoral to
Ohe LPe.i latuIr, (i the subliject of
prop1 rci- al r epII 1.1 .1re.entatiott, 'at-com--1
paniied by ,ieh sttge.tions as thiy
ilay td,-em adri-itble; iii ord r to se:
ctire the pamyctg( ti' a latw at the carlie-t
pract ie;bae ioment, after the Legi.-la
ture is coinveiid, that. the eystciti of
Crnitltivi(. vtf iitg may be made ap
plicable tl the next genieral electiol,
attd that the principle ma11' b-deengrafted
in' genlral upon o-ur system of,iifinge;
and, firther, that this sp'ooi ii com
mittee be intflructed to ad,e their best
exert-ionls in favor of the passage of
this just, wholds401omie and etiitable
p i sinit., s " as t bring ab1-14t 8 com
plte and fl Irepresenitation of' nl
AL hailf~ past if P, 3r, fhe convent
tioa na aui ored to rct Lo- morrow, at
itt oi'clock A. .31.
Wednesiday Morning, May 17, 1871
VTe address of GJen. Shcrmtan, tays
the Baltimore San, to aL Republican
pobiliical eintb int New Orieatns, in
which lie aliludedl to seime of the lead
ing qfuestionas of the daty, has betyr
spok hen of as rerne rkable and signuifl
c-ant. Referring to the surrender of
Geona Joe Johmneton anti the (Confedce.
rate army uinder his com-mand, Gen.
She rman said
"I believe this Government will
keep on growing until itspreads itself
over* thle enitire A metrican continent;
but in order to gain this much-desi red
end, rand to maintain ourselves as a
free and independent republic, we
have got to show more charity to.
wrard each other. It lins been re
maurked biy some gentleman who has
prceded meot thtat it was generally
conceded by tihe soldiers of both ar
mies at the close of th'e lato civil war
that if the questions and all matters
of thia settlemnent of the differences
between thec North anid South were
left to tile armi-es,-it would be e~tled
at once, and everything would become
quiet anid orderly. I so believed,- and
biefore signing the agreement with
enJ-eJohnston, I called together
ali all- the generais under my comn
Inandt, anid- withoat a disantiang voice
they agreed with moe. I believed they
sulrrendo~lred iln good faith, and would
hate lived rip to the Vety letter of
the agreemnent ; and, in liy optinion,
if the-re hald been no Reconstruotion
A ct 'f C.ongress, and the armies had
beeni left at the timne to settle all
questions or dfoence between the
different sootions of the coutry-theo
people would hav-e a~t onee Bedome
quiet and peaceable."
The abovd *e believoi to ie'true to
the letter. The terms offered by
General Sherman. toro not only
worthy of the soldier but tihe states
man. The spil it that ins'piled-thomn
was not only magnanimlous, but wise.;
and if it had been permitted to shape
the policy of theo Government to.
wards the .Southcrn a.. o.ud
have effectod long ago a real concilia
tion. Probably, in that event, the
Union vontd, at this moment, be
atronger i the affections 6 its peo
pro than it ever was before. We be
lievo with General E'herman, that if
the fighting men of the two armies
had b'en authorized to settle thie dif
feronces between the North and South,
R tYould have been dor.e at onceo.
Certahin it is that those on both sides
who have been most impracticable
since the war wa enided, were those
who took little or i part in its banl:
hilS anIld d.anger1 Th8 ri ader hwti
but, to indall to his mind the most
promRin ient of those J'oliticians who
arC seeking to keep alive the liies of
tIho lato fratricidal stri fe, and be m ill
lealize the truth of the stateanent.
in er ahorm an', w0ho was probIl.y
lie ab1lest Iedetliii suldVer, iN .1 type
of one elasseand Senator Nlortonl of'
another. The mot radical enemie.s
of a reconciliation of the Ameritan
people are those Who wore the lece
of the A.eep while hostilities wore
being wnged, and obly exeliangted it
for th1 tiger's skin upon the aioutnuoe
ment of peace.
Upott the matter of thn hecessity
for military rule in the Southern
States, Gen. Shot man expressed him.
self as opposed to it.
Let it be borne in mind that this
is the testimoy of the General of the
ali-my of the United States, who has
better means of knowing, througi
the reports of his subordinale oflicers,
the facts ot Ku Kluxism thaln noisy
politicians in Congress. These views
are in iccord with thoge of the mout
canuid and dispassionate observers of
eventtt !n1 the South, and also with the
probabilities of ti ease.
Stairtlling D Ciclosure.
A gentleman in this city, says the
Columbia Union, has received the
following startling document :
SPARTANnURa, S. C., May 4 1871.
DEAR Stn :-t have jLit-t l0t1eai1
something that has greatly startled
ie. By shrewdltestl ianaged to
get one of the Ku Klux signs, by
Imleais of which I worked myselt into
the good gr.acUS tian intelligeit l.jdy,
o, this eomity, who seems to know ill
a but itese n oto Ri-us hell-houi ds, if
this terma is not too dignt ified to be ap
phied t1(S the monsLtrs of datkuuss.
Said lady was verj commuIllctll iiat ive
told ate many thigs, hardly to ei
credited. Of cour.,e, 1 fully us;.-ented
to every thing bi said, pretending to
be reatly myself to. engage it it wair
of exter iniiation again.,t tile lt pul
Ctls. I learned tmat, it is vertitt
death [or one of tie Olan to divulge
ainy sceret of the oiganization ; tlso,
tiat it is very stro i., anld ra pidl)
gro.wing. Site said that very respee
table citizen of the State UVem.tags to it
or would itn a.short timi e. Fiom her
Slearled tbut thb %wik 6f "elenting
out" tihe liupublican pa rty in Spa r
tanburng, Rand pet haps in the wl.ole
State, will soon begin. A party in
tile nor thoasteti nl rt of thte couty
ate to begitn the work ;.none are allow
ed to opeirate under t wenty nt.ihes
froml home, f'or f'ear of detection. No
Rtasonls wilt go on. thes~e raids, for fear
their vic tms may belong to that or
der, antd be ibouttd to proteoct thleim.
. (10 ntt rememi-e11 r all tho name.,
nor the exacet puit ihni iient to be mteted
ot, but will nat met eniought to convinice
anly one of the puirposes of this
clap of devils.
Dr. Cummlnings- and M agill Fletming,
tare to' be mu-rderod for tihe w ay they
managed the tax. Paiter; boing a
carpet-bagger, mtust leaIve, or sutfer
the consequences. Turner and Jry
ant, are to be treatedi adi ttaitors
that is killod,- mlurdo-reld, anid many
others are to be murdered o'r se'vero..
Now you may ash mec if I beireve
thlier I would say tha t I fully. hii
hieve thlat s'uch is them intention of this
secret party of ni-ght assassins,' and
that i'f some meants of protectiion are
ntot speed ily Radopted, it will be too
late to save the lives of these eltamt.
pions of t he pavty in Spart an burg; n.one
I have written caltmly and dispas
sionlately. I hope there will be prompt
action on the part of the Government,
If Governor Scot t does not ac'. now,
my advice to all Ropublicalns is to go
to a place of saf'ety. A few days may
be too inte.- If they disregard these
things, they will regret, it whena too
lalte.- I fee.1 positive that the lady
refe6rred to had good authot ity for the
informiation shie gave, believing mRI to'
belong to' the organization.
TIlac Norfia and t1ae Soutta.
George Firanoia T1rain, in one of his
chain rind lighltnig speocebes', in
Mompftis, lately drew this clever
distinction tietween the North anid the
"You d'on4t edll me tiames here as
they do in the North. Tftero is
somothing about the Soth tiha t is
mnanly, T'hey are not afraid to s'ay
witt~ they like. T'IIOy a're no' cow
ards.. Tile' whole dystem of society at
the North is nothing but ad orgahized
hlypoerisy. They do not abstain from
dottg idroiig beorinso of soiety.
opinion. A' religiouts mother Cau
tionls her child not to pluck a flower
for fear of thte police, arnd a saintly
father tells his boy to 'cotte ia off the
street, my son, play your marbles int
the back yard ; you know it's Sun
day,' -Boston has party baniks, innd
party' tiie"e to ruu 'them~. IThey go
round' like .. lot of ine.4therittms,
)(thinalg aiodern about thein 'exect
the tlh tiey havo for pilferibg the
treasury. The Pilgrim Fathe'r were
a gighaitio'swvindlo. They tbr'ew my
gleat grand-mnaothaer over 'ord for her
opinion. I was born inl Boston tmy
self, but it (rasd't, my fault. A mai's
pl co of birth is an accident, depend
ing prinluipally on circumstauces.
WVmadelII Plaillips umi $li'e Sosatl
aamd oil Miito)aflhIc4.
before the Labor Reform League,
inl New Yoilk city, on Tuesday last
Wendell Phillips poko iearly an
hour, and <iwelt clielly u'pon tile
Southern diiielty. Ho said :
4I'hcrie Is still, a tate of war ilth
ti1e South. Genleral l itil6r, unawed
by gamblers atud rebel iags inl New
Orleans, executed Mumtaford. Lot
Geiierul irant lay handIs IpOn the
leaders inl the SoAth, men whao count
their aere.A by thousands, and are inl
tigato ta 'of assiisitiali-aus ; le't tl'
SeaidCnt foljlow lluttler's plai and
you ill anevei- he.- r of ku kidx agaitn.
(Applause.] het the cowards of
Caraol ina know that tho President, is
terribly ina eahi-e.t, and there will he
fin end to ku klux.'' Il reply t'o a
voieb askinlg, "Whaint about carpet
baggers !" lie said : "The Southii is
ignorant, besotted, poor, aid chilled
by departing bar ba rism, yet th6y repel
ti'itherners who g' d6oiv theile with
the very thinag they want, brainm and
montey ; but. tle sly niortheriner re
mainlas to squeeze t ie political power
out of those pitiful babies. [Laugh.
ter.] If the North hasc to take up
arms againi, thety Will sto) at. iu Conl
stitutioial distinction vr State lies,
but put the South untder the heel of
military des potism. On tlie <in estiont
of labor, lie advised tile Republicais
to adopt labor reform into their plat
form. Ile spoke of corrupt judges
and city officials, and the lessons tle
cowardly Slylicks, who dip their
hands into private fortuTies of the
city are teachilg the mlieni with billd
geons, and said the llekt time the
Bowery boys have a i iot they ma11y
tako it into their lcads not to hang
negroes to him p-posts, but indulge in
AsrIN at.M., May 6, via Jamaica
Mi3 8.- liatelligence was riceived by
tle D.taish mati-of-war, yet-terday,
that the in.-nrgealt artay is advantcing
towards Santiago de . Vertga ns, 'The
insutrgents threate Paaai initnedi.
1te0, ai.d coisequ..ithy theie i, grt
alarm . The president, in at procla
maatiOnt, notifies the troops to prepare
for i fight, and they have been stp
plied widh armsund ammunition. The
railroad depot hais been delivered
over to the coimmider (if the Natiou.
al t roops fir safe -keo pitg. Peaice
cit I ani ssiote rs haveostarted to oinfer
with the rebels, itd also -tle pr.per
illicem to reclaim the steamer Monjio
ali the pri+-ners in boat-.
hie r..ra, the rebol coun iander, hins
tnt itied the U1 i t ed St ates consn-l no. I io
inte rfe ro by senid ing t~he tIuited Staito'
steiamr r Re:.aea ho r the re cJat 0r of
Montjio, because the UnJaited states
aofii will not be permiait te'd t8 boine
ona boartd that vessel, and heo will fig ti
the m themat tot the bitter end.
Lountos, Maty 9.-A cure fias bee6n
.,hot, by'~ thle comm Ii aim1 tt of the Nai
titmal Guards in at fight on the Rue
(reaat concentration of Versai~lits
in Nenilij is goling on;
A circular fromn Picard ortlers stri6t
watch of the Botnapartists.
Prince Tloura Iluvergnec, is dead'.
Tlh: Versaillists are 6empjeflogl to
evacuate (01amart $y the st~ench. 6f
the uanburiedo dea,d. Thei Yersaillesi
GJovenrment sends to thic P'rovinces
soldiers who have h insmen in ina #aris.
A battory at Monstretait, figs dom.
maenieed firing tipyn Pontt Dui Jour and
other Comniitnist posit ions.
fit~nsai.ans, May 0.-Nort Issy has
been capturedl. aMd is nIoW in posses.
sidaa of the Versrillists. Algorian
imurarec ton5 are spreadilig.
L MNoiay 8.-A rumor conies
fromi Brussels that a formnal taeaty of
peacee was diganed tat Franskfurt.
Patnts, iAIay 10O.--The anb-Com
mittee oif Organizationa, in a proolai
miationi issued to dany, ordlers the most
reletless mieasuros toward the besieg.
eas. No soldier wvill be allowed to
oepart i tile slightest degree from
his duaty, and tall are forbiddeni t~o
ease firing u'pon Vorsaaillists~ who amay
at tetiapt to enirrenlder, whaile fugitives
and stragglers are to be saibred when
caught, or* if in numaeroaus bodies, to ho
fired inato miercilessly by Clianon and
mnit'ra ille uso.
PAtJs,-May H. General Rossel
wais arraested yesteaday, aid placed ina
the custody of. M. Goranad ar. At L6
o'clock yesterday both of thema (disap.
pecared a'd hrate not yet beesrn reoap.
The prineipal attadk of the Versail
lists is expected at Anatevil and Port
D~u Jour. Both sidei tare mnassing
troops, tand a grdat battle is expectrtd.
Delescahze lasa beontaprointod M inis.
for of WVar to thA Comime.
The oflicial reports to the Codtiudje
deny that the Versaillists have gained
SEVHF.S, May l'O-Njghat,_TIhb
graiid attack en Thrhs is iminent. A
thousarid yards of trenohes' are com-.
pleted,, aitid the' asaaulting column's
are within fl've httndred' yar'ds of
the ramparts of 'arIs. All is adeady
for the ord ort6 ad vance to the assault.
During thae past t wenafy.four hours
the Goverunment batteries. hive b'con
firing an average of &hghty shot paer
amairute, an' naalpl'Ceedetiotd ilombm (I
aaea in'ig toi'a iiile cifcot'upI on thlae
-The great usault upon the fortifi.
oations of Paris will be made to.
night. Fort Du Jour has been knock
ed to pieces by the fire from the bat
tery at Montrito)it.
VERSAILL., MILy 12.-The can.
nonade continues, the effect is describ:
od as tremendows. Vort Van Vres
still resists. Tiho Govornment troopk
carried t' barritcades of Bourg La
Bi-:n~IN, ia~y ..--1 the Germati
Parhiumment, tflday, Is iarek gave the
particilars ofh iA recJit ii to Fr'ank.
for, to confer with hvro. lIe saiti ifthe
object soight, had not. hieen iccompli
Ed, the G4.rnos wonii hlav, takei
pas :iofl Paris . atid demainded tle
vithdrawal ofthe.Virstdlies fo/&s be:
hinid the boire. Taut'r'entty whicb was
cone~ldeda hltens In payimenit, of the.
war in demlillity to (Germaiv. A i!'
unilhard or it. is to be paid by Franto
Iblirty day4 'Atrer tih6 W Ii'e d0! the Ver
sailles ariy into Pari4, iid ii hiiillirA
hiore '6 e tihe eihl of Decembr
1Then only wvil Germans eVPCEute 6t
Paris forts. As to the Ubrogatiori bi
Ohe tommei/ial -a't'v. 13isnurek stACed
ilhat the wit bdrawid of V'ranbe fron the
11ain1te.iin',Co '6 tfhut iiirndieit was
merely for the iiirp)se4 aid hlopo df re:.
ceipt. of idiroase'd vnstoms duties with
Which to hijinidate ler indebtedine.
tatiflcation of the treaty will b - chang
ed on the dthi Il.
113ARIS, May .-the conihittee o
Puilhe Safetv has issued a proclamii:
liou io the people, which ays the Rf
publhie nnl the Comniel hand cscaped
a mortal peril. Treasoh had penetra
ted our rank A aid bribeA beeti dist.ribu..
ted. Rossel's surreider of Issy was thli
first step of the drama--tle opefiing bf
the gatqs of Paris was to follow. A
iaori v of the guilty a ve been arrest
ed. A court, mariial is now sitting, and
I heir punishinent will be ex6nplary.
Nunerous papers have been suppresseld
by t he Coi mnieii, I Eligio'1i histriibtio'
orderet to beise, and all erheinigtus and
Madonis to be ritioierl oinn th6
sbhyols. Ulesluie rejorts lite rampartii
siflicienitly guardeid to pteent surprise.
Stecle says a vast. lomipartist organiza
tion axists throughodt. Frante. Con
imie etnissanies tfE2 arranging convo.'
catiot of foir ii inicipal congressment at
Bordeanx, iyonS, Namtas and Llle.
V -:nRAIi.i.cs, May 12.-The Goveri.
imt. troops14, to (TaY, made A det ermimed
q'sm;loh uipoh ii- bt't'at of lssy amd
carried lle posiiioit it the point of the'
hayoiet; Iliotih it, was stotitly defended
by insiurgents. Mlai of the enemy
were killed aid three gliuns captirel.
Yu-:NNL MtNy 12.-Aidleif~ni Minis.
er av ga ve ;) iitalnet, tJd'i y, ill 11011
'or of Ciilders,n t il raceiitly rst, Lord
of:he BiN!ish Admiiiiv.
tlioito, May 13.-'Pie Commi
svarchiid ih b ank b' E'rdnoe tor arms;
but. none wero f il. The aciale pro.
pinies the imiilediate .eIeeuion (if all
iihe rs ofila. Ceitrad Coinmit.tee I
i: reported that i Cilyntril Commiue '
are aho1i to fi'tir. i i i inmiored that
SIll- contrIlimss Ore iltifisig f rom Furi
A leitoi ioi) z tdamit Chiamberd
iiakimi2 a . 64 rE fid for the Ifirone of
ranlice is lMinslied. be Venguer re
porth inerea sitijt discolragement aiong
the NH tiotial Gnard, a'nd 'eave lii at.:
temut hias beetiniimad to' assassiniate'
A spaecial to thle Lonidon Times says'
a blerk of the Banik of France states'
huat l'aris in tarred. v'ictunailed anid pre:
pa1rEd to stan ld a siiege. Fighitinig is
r&bported at St. D~uen, which showd
I?a2t thae sphiera of attack is extending.
Thle Germnai coniinaiudei d'eman'ds thi6
rhsarmitmecnt of thme Northern enciente of
The News special reports a niaval
Eomibut at Ant Unit Vacedumc. ' 6ein
sflrgent gun-boat was sunik. 5.000'
troops erous thle SEine to-nigcht to rein
rorce the t roops onenipying Boulagr'
an rd lBellanticonrt.
Trhie Tlelegraph spec~i says a recon
sirietion) has beein made untder Dom.
b~rowski to deceive the Versailifs fio67W
Sahbleonivillo. The Versaiffist' d're ac.
tively pushu ig fogrwarf and appioachiing
th'E ~alh1. i M~hion has' issuEd an
frdress to the troops, apparently' pre.
I la na ry to a graind at!aek.
LONiION, Ma g SpeCial despatce
es friim Paris'say a lI vv eii masse is ei
preted. Gien. LaCreic ia becomes g'ene-'
arlissimlo. Thet commsino this mnade ai
demandiu upon01 thil BanIk of Franice for'
10,000;0' 00. Tli'e rE~adences of IWayr
and~ TIhier, hie boeen' dealrofed; h e'
ilirditinre ml thec palatced ofiliE Tuillerins
Lonvre and Elysees was t'aikeu and sl
to-daiy. lho cimun of tfue 4endomo'
still stands. A Versalles-ddisja, bh s'a/s'
50,000 troops are enarn~hpdd a 6. G'er
maine, and will join the forces of Garf.
Donaij ini a grand attapk upon Parigi.
Pan1!s, May 13.--It. is suiplased thau'
an atem t s maiide to ini'der Dom
bro.eki. A sira'nger, an wh'o~m a re
volver was foimd, asked' f'or the genera
al, andl quarrellEd wii li the senineI
nyeo~ his' refusar of admijttance. Tho'
cenltinel killed the straogur with Isis'
RnsArI;Idmg, May 1d4> ygg Yf *
has been captured by the G'ovr'ne
Market Erp0'r -
NIw YonK, May 14-.--Eveding.
Cotton firm; with sales of 4,865'
bales, at 16. Gold lit.
CnJAnn~IsToN', May 1 4.--Cotton firm
er-middlinga 15 ; foelpte 581 (
L~Vtyaool,, May 14.-.-Evening-s
Cotton firmor.--uaplands '7j ; Orloans
7(;sales 15,000 bales.
Among the arrivals nioiced: I th~
llitiiii,rg Sifn larniutw8 -lottol, o0'
unlidt.', 'S [1find thenuiniel, of Jeffer
SonI l)ivise laute Pi esidenit of th~e South4
orn Confarinna. .'