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Desportes & Williams, Proprietors.] A Panilly Pape, bevoted to Science, Art, InqUiry, hidustry and Literature. [Tertns- $8O0 per Annum,I1Adyancb.
VOL. VII.] WINNSBOR, 8. C., WEDNESDAY MORNIld, JUNE 21, 1871. [NO. 1
IS rUn bi.4t V) W KKK1.Y nY
DESPIODR'I'ES & VILLI Al:,S;
Term .--Tn ii lrtn.i) Is pibtlisied Week:
in tihe Town or Vininsbor, at 3.00 ia
careab~ly in 111Innce.
i "jy- All transient alvertiseinetia to b<
id ilk Itilvancee.
Obituary Notites and Tributes $1.00 pei
Popping the Ques'bion- How This
Cheerful Work is Done inl Novels.
From an article in ti e London
Saturday Review oin this obsorbing
qst ucion we ioto as to different
T*HPE PLE..A OF i.ON\ ACQUAINTNCE.
0" .ll tie pleas, we think that of
long acquaintance , is the imiost d ise
courged by fiction, from Duo.bidikeq
downard. When Jeanie Deieas ih
obliged to be exjlicit with her ex:ri
ordinary lover, "1I like another non
better than you, and I canna mariry
ye"ll his Stoniuihnent is quite natu
ral. "Another man better thant me'
Jeanie ! flow is that possible, wo
man ? ye hIe kenned ine sic long ?"
])umbiedikes had read no novels.
he could not, therefore, understand
why habit should not work the same
Yesults on both sides. Janie even
for the .eome reason, thought the ar
gument plau.,ible. Instead of oon
futingilit, accepted it. "Ay, but,
Laird, I kenned him langer." It, is
this long acquaintance which at once
naikos Jjiny mines such a persever.
ing ,.uitov and ret:ders his case hope
less. Ile iannot utderstatid the
force of a sudden fancy, and expect.
to super.,ede it. In fact, however, if
he had come newly upon the scene Ile
might h ive had isome chance, but Lil
ly had kinown him long enough to be
familiar, and it wouldn't do. She
no longer cares for th' other man, but
he his shattered her as a tree is shat
tered by a storm. "t is no lunger a
tree,' she tays, "but a fragment ''
Ile argues., "Then be my frag nestI.''
"No dear it cannot be." Pirhups
blig nqutaitatice and a read ineoss to
he tmade u.15 of ant to pult up with,
fragments induces olntemapt, as in the
ct o of M. jor l)bbin i and his A me
I ia. The 1im1 who falls into Tootms
veCin, i111 teals his own Liee- f el
ings, :n1d ex,-rtiois as "'.if no conse
gj'enceO" wi: not be aceplited till the
i oionitce of life is (xhausted.
110W YOU.No oUPP' PItoCEEnriD.
Do our reallers recall Mr. d hippy;
the attotney'selerk in "Bleak Huu.,e,'
whose deliente tittenition to his tuoth
er,'s habits does him so muAh holor I
As a hiappy blending of the real and
ideal, Ii, pi oposal 'dehrves quotiig
at length, through it meets with so
chilling a retuln from the object of
his iassion :
".My present salary, Miss Summer.
son, at Kenge & Carboy's, is two
pounds a week. My mother has a
little propeity, which takes the form
of a life annuity. She is etn inently
calculatted for a maother-in-law. Shi
has her fai ilings, iss who has not : but
I never- knew her to do It *hen coin
panty was pre'sest, at which timte yoU
maity freeley trust her with wine;
spiirits, or tnsilt liqtirs. Miss Sumat
mersoni, im the ttiildest languIIage, I
tadore you. Would 3 bu he so kind as
toi allow me (as I ami say) to filti a
dleclarationi-to maiko an offer 1'' Mir.
G uppay w ent down on his knees. I
said, "Get up from that rieiculuhus
potsitioni ini~metdiiately, sir, ofi you will
oblige mec to ring the helb;"
rit: s''RnA iTroaRw AaR OFF En.
Buit, a fter all the main use of this
class of reading is the vast scope and
* field it opens to the initelli gent inquir
* er-t he immense variety of itbierna.
tives, whether for warning or exam:
pie', which thts pages of fiction hold
* out ; for every lover ini fiction furtni.
shesmateialfor one or the~ o'ther,
The unhounded choice is the thing,
directed by that insight istE) csharae
ter and temperament which is the
high office ot the novelist to instil.
T hus the use of word "wife" inidicates
the straightforward offer. It pleaem
siinmpie wvomn. 'Anne Tlhompison,
wv lI you be tmy wife ?" is tho tidnten
tional Q~uaker a first word df loto.
making. Sbo saya Yes," and the
thing is settled. -Also it is effective
whelire lie advantaige of weailth or
' posi tiotn is ont the gentlemtan's side.
Of course, Grace," said Maijor
t rantley, "you know why I stn here~
Ileu pauised, atnd then remnonfbbritig
tha t he hadh to right to expect an
aswer to such a question, he contin
imd :"I have come here, deartsi
Gsrace, to aisk yon to be my wife.'
But there is a confidetnt abruptnes. it
this fortm that will not do tunder re.
versed circumstances. In oppositioli
to this, sotmo womten are to be ap,
proached with timid, distant entreaty
as Tito to Romola " If yeo wil.
S only let me say I love you-if you
will only think me worth loving a
litl. Thon There is the mhanl'
offer of boart and hand,whioh is per
) haps of all the most taken for grantec
* by the outside unthinking world
"There is tny hand," says Luciu:
V Mason to Sophia Furniv'al. "Thern
is my band," says she, as they stant
holding one aniother palm to palm
lie qutea honest. she only able L,
reach the it'h 6f half honesty.
S-1me10 tines moure poilt aIs itade of the
shape), and quality, aud action of the
hands ; thus Felix Grahaan offers bis
brO.Ld right hand. "It you cat tako
it, you cannot doubt my heart goes
with it," and the timid .Madeline anys
not a word, nor does she lift her eyes
from the ground, but very Hlowly she
raises her little hind and allows her
soft, blight firgers;etc;
SAt VikEi.ia i iii MOD)EL AFTIt ALL.
The subject is too full-full to
overlldwinig-fdr edi.ebt tid dis6'ssi 'n
within our limli; We 6an but touch
here and there upon tome of its in
nluierable heads. The question of
letters, for iotantie ! BM 1.. d it.
In st be owned that fiction has not to
much the advantage o.er fact as in
ihand-to-hand eicoubtr. Perhaps
the whole matter of a love letter is
condensed in Sim Weller's. valeii.
title "Before I see you I thought
mill women alike, but now I find what
m soft hicaded, incredulous tirnip I
must have been, for there aint anybody
like you, though I like you better
than nothing at all."
The 1in1ifamotis Sciflawg.
A Northern exchange thus com
ments on the recent conviction of
Ion. C. C. Bowen, lately represent
ing the Republican party of South
Carolina in the halls of Cn tjgress :
A stranger, whose knowledge of
our politics was confined to buch in
formation as mniht be gleaned from
Republican papers, would naturally
infer that the Hion. Mr. Bowen is a
secessionist," a "rebel," and a disloy.
allist." H11e would not dream that he
belonged to the party of "great moral
ideas," and was a worthy and by not
means singular leader of that party
in South Caralina. But such is the
melancholy fact. lie is very like the
Rev. Mr. Whittemore, the cadetship
broker, and Republican member of
Congress. Ile differs very little
from the three prominentmembers of
that party recently sent to the State
Prison for three years, for s ufling the
ballot-boxes in that unhappy State.
lIe dilfers only in the character of
some of his vices, and that very little,
front the members of the Repub.ican
Legislature of Scuih Carolina who
bale plundered that Siate of millions
drw in from the estates of honest and
vi tuous citizens. To be sure, Bowen
can read and write, whereas a ma.
jority of the Republicans in the Legis
lature of SouthCarolina cannot. In
this be has the advantage of the rank
and file, And yet, it is for the ex
press purpose of keeping just such
men in power at the South, and
through them controlling the elec
tions, that the legislation of Congress
has bcbeh shaped. It is for this pur-,
pose that the President of the United
States has been armed with the pow
er of s8biting the inilitary forces of
the United States into the South.
Such is the.bitter, rttmorseless treat
ment of a conquered people. Such is
the character 9f "recois-truction," and
lbaping the fiuit of the war''-and
such the agents by whieb it is accou
pli-hed. Fit, policy, fit agents, for
tle corrtlpt aid unpriiipl-d party
whi h trainples upti evety p4linciple
of law and decency in order te secure
its lease of power over the country.
The Iapat ginm'~tteus bill, as hnally
n mhded in thme Italiian Parlia
ihiiilt; exicoids to thme six suiburbicari
an Sees of Ilom8~ the right-previous
ly proposed for tlhe I .ie in thtt city
only-of having seinina ries, addde
uies and colleges without any inter.
ference or inspection on the part of
thme scbolasi ic uthanrlties of the kiag
Idomn ; exteiida to overy Iiap~al re.,i
dt-hee the righit, previuly recog'iz,
ed in favor of the Vactican, of thmt
Pope's havinig postal and telegra phi
XbrVice with his own employees, iand
declares the Pontiff free to keep
whatever denomination of guairdS ho
ploeaes, provided they do not excudd
tihe usual. number. Ital so d1 earee
inalienate not only the paluces, gar
dens and depecndehuies of thb Pdpal
residences, bult also the museutffis li
Ibrary; rintd all the contents of the
Vatican, aund ietiounees thle rIght6?d
the public tt visit them; alibmittingI
their admuittanco to thme benovolbnoe of'
The Montgomery Adv'ertiser, thme
cltiral organ of the Alabama Demooe
"It is the flied determination of
Southernm Deocrats anmd Conserva
tives to commit to Northern and
Western mnen the seetions of the
iFregafdonttal tie*6t Mnd the dritidg.f
thd platform for the elo6tion of 1872,
and that wo firopdae to accept the
platform rifd ticket in perfeet goo'd
fait h. IPromn this time until after the
Presidential eleotiort; let it titerefore
be understood that it is for Noetherni
and Western Desmocrate and anti
Radicals to declare what citiinne
among their own number shall be
chosen for the Ptesldoney and Vice
Presidency of the tinitod States, and
-whateshall be the . character of 'the
resolutions ado pted by the National
Thedifero ,between country
and city life. In the first place, a
. horn is blown before dinner, in the
last one taken.
The Tihbune Philo'epher 1ils licrs a
l1 hohstrt ClioR.
Horace Greely who has been on i
tour thrctigh the South, wi-itl 1b fol
lows to the Tribune; froml Memphim
That th0's who struggled an<
fought for Secee.sion generally believ
they weic right idi so doing, I bhunoi
doubt. Jeffersou 11.tvs' late speeches
fai ly exprt 5s their average convie
tions I nld feelings. But while thel
still afl In the right of Secetsto, ]
tim snti.fieu thit a lhajoilty Uf then
believe its practical assertions wert
unwise and inexpedient. They hold
that tho.v should have made then
late struggle In the UJltion;neotagainsi
it-under the flag of our futhere; nut
that of the Stars and Btas-in osten.
.qi blk ddffeniL of the FeuderAl Consti.
tution, not In resistbiie to its authori
ty. Tley piopose to ienew the fight
but not with guln and sabre. They
expect to regain as Democrats through
eloeutions the power they lobt as Iteb.
els throligh *ai'. They herein evine
that wisidon which profits by the les.
.on of experience. Here and there
a hot-head miay talk of renewing, at
some liioi-8 auipiiious seaaon, the
struggle for an independent Confedera.
ey ; but the great majority have had
enough ot war. I fNel sure that fin:
other Southern Secession is all but
That the South Is Aeadily rebov:
uring from the calamities aiit lo.sel
consetluetit on bhr late civil war, is
very obvious. The procesq might be
more rapid, but could hardly L Ihofe
substantial. The cattle an 4 *1e
which wel'e citeti up d itring tle civil
war are being steadily f(pt-oduced,
and are already twice or thribe at
numerous as they wsre six y58rs iijo ;
lands are goin.t back into cult ivation;
which have long lain waste attd idlb
farm buildlius are undergoilig reno;
vation ; cities and villages are ek:
Lending their borders ; factories and
furnaces are widely proj3eted; and
some are in process of construction.
It were irrational to expect that all
the bitterness engendered by twenty
years of sectional collision, includitig
four of bloody war, should be eh'aend
in a day, of course it is not ; but the
tendency is right, and Time will ex.:
urt its healing iufluence if no unto
ward event should interpose to pre
vent it. With a mingling of firtiiness
in upholding the right with khiind~s
to those who were miseducated into
wrong, the reconienting of the Union
will be thorough and enduring. H. 0.
Advertlsing as a Science.
Some men have a genius for it.
Others are mere clods, and plod along
on the beaten track of an idea which
has been worn into ruts years gone by.
The men of genius, enterprise, and
uouragzc, are naturally the pioneers in
new systems of advertising, as they
lre in every other pursuit in life. It
is remarkable that new ideas in ad
vertising havo kept pace with new
ideas in other thiiigs. One great rea
son for this, doubtless, is the facility
which the Press affords to the adver
uiser for reaching tel attention of the
public. But then, again, if it
were not for the money expended in
advertising. there would be but com.
paratively few pa pern published. The
advertising patronage of a newspaper
is the pabulum upon whdi.l.. the puba
lisher depends to support, the bxpen
ses of the publiention ; and not upon
the fihes, receeived for the piper
that wduld itiat-cety pay for the white
sheuts upon' Ghichi the matter is prni
ted. There is probably not a news
piaper published in the United Statei
thal, re-abie~s iufheoient tiioney ini its
daily or weekly sales of each suces
ireiueto pay the obstof its pibilda,
General B. F. lHates was carried
b'efore iTudge Gi r, at Anderson 0. I}.
oni the l2 insAt. affd reledB68 6)' .-i
own r.eeognismnce ifi the sUfii of *500.
Trho Judg6 tfpr6.4ed his condenmna
tion1 of the acts of lawlessnesawhich
have been r epor ted fr anfthPis outfty;
in very decided find' sine'Gaut'd
tetms. He Bish&1 that the p'risdndr
had been br6'tight b>efore him at8dr
tanburg; lie wanted fte f61 ouf
peoplti the tfo ublo tihey ifure bfitgig
ttpon fhetnselt'es. EMartidl law it
all Its attendant horrors would soon
be visited sspun a coinmunity whiob
would not be p6rsdiaaed bj gentlei
means to obey the law and keep the
peace. We sincerily hope that the
good people of our County will tfvltte
in such a hearty condemnation of all
acts of lawlessness, that the few .per
sonS whose reckless conduct has stig,
matised our Eintiro community, wi.
be at once ashamed and afraid t
persist in their evil dottigs.-C'ok
. Vten the column Vend'6'me wai
tirown down, a bystander in the Rut
do la Paix was heard to gary g "Ab
It is alwdyA true of us Gaul., thal
Wee to the Conquered," iw ever oui
motto; had Ba oleon bht *o6
vIctory on theu hine, 1hef w6elt
have gilt the qid column and p uj
a bigger 6#e thft eyed Lo th6 fna,
they despise. ihrhaps hs wie no
f ar from 11guT.. . Rhling sedeoed
like sucoess,'" Is ,a, ttae Froh kig
Goternor Scott's Wealth.
The New York librald, of. onda
. at, colitAiIs a long uccount of aU
;nterview between one of its tepoi
:ers aid Governor Sbott, in bollnibia
l'be bulk 13f the bopversation relate<
ro the Taxpayppri Conention and th
Ku-Klu*. Un these subjec tk i
readels are aireltl-) futuiliar wYit li
Governor's views. Th4 inteivici
ilosed us follows :
"Governor, I have heard it state
that y ou are a milli.onaire sund hav
madetan iinimutn-t, sliouniit of n.Oge
oul of your positibn. Id that so ?"
"Ina ainswering that question I will
ny this; that I have tover regarded
it as good policy, for any man to uik<
- public declarati.,n of his poverty
as %ery frequently i lhrgo portion ti
:1mans's capital is his reputation w'
the possessor of wealth. Therefort
if I were to admit the fact that I wa,
a millionarie, it would give me i
much better standing than if I wer<
to tell the simple truth. The fact i6,
when I entered the army ny proports
which was in Ohio, consisted mostly o
wild, unoultivated lands. The money
I received from various sources dur.
ing the war was from time to time si
iinvested. These landi have sie ap
preciated in value perhaps four or
fite times, and are worth to-day over
ONE hUNDREDTOUnNAND DOLLARS.
n addition a portion of the town
oldpoleon, Oilio, l built on my
pi-8Airly which id alsb iipldly en
hancing in price, besides aKrding iie
an income. This income I ave in
y estehl jo south Cardlitta: ti fact,
before I was nominal'd as Governor I
had invested all 'my surplus means,
aqd borrowed additional mioney,
Ollich I inestemd i&Mthb stocko and
bonds of the State to the amount (if
nearly one hundred thousand dollars,
purchabing the bunids at from twenty
sAvqnp.o. forty-two cents an the dollar.
In 1967 I found nyself the owner of
perhaps otie lIundFipd KnA (en thou
atftid dbitirs Worth of State stocks
and bonds. Some of these bonds were
sold at advanced rates to return the
loanq on which I muadb the dritinal
pitBIlage: Of boUrs5 thJ8 ifpretii1
ti~n under liy .a dihinlration his
made ao usiid~rable increaso"Ib their
valie. ' a-day, if my property in
South Carolina. real and personal,
were sold at the bet prevailing rate,
I 11001.Y ilA E, gAi $70,000.
The stories of my immense wealth are
simply fabrications by those who have
no means of knowing of ithat. my pos.
"To your knowledgh has your name
ever been mentioned by the colored
people In connectioti, *ith the Presi
deuoy or Vice.Presilleiby 0
"I don't kndw thlit I *onldI he
justified in answering in the negative
but the suggestions have come from
persons of no importatice au- d tre
merely the restilt 6f p6rofia feel
"What or6 your views with refer
ence to the finarideA of the State ?"
'-I regard thein as 16"Ilthy a Cn:
dition as an? Stai6 fi Lhe tJnih:
()ur debt is a more bagatelle-ov.ly
eight millions and odd dollars. '.the
takpayers I Lv pledpid themselves
anew to iti fedeifion, the taxes.ttje
being promptly tibet as sb'ot us it fa Ils
due. I them efore consiaor that unless
bad and vicious mien combhine to des
troy their ownt State, South Carolina
6fie day;.anad. that hioL ji.&likLan
will bold as high a position as b h'e hts
ever enjjoyed. No man ain Soth
Carglina can umoie forbeidly ptvay and
wokfor that donuuimation that
Ex~perirbirits ih firing dlte-incl
guns have recently been tried at
Ftir rers Monye, undeor the direction
of thenerals Quancy A. Oilnmore arnd
and John Newton, of thet enginde:S.
Mlassive platfrmy of granite and
Jafiengf, afre bfii t about two yeara
ago, and to test their eflenoy and
btrength, the irlang of the fifteeneiueb
guns was ordere l. 'The guns itt 6am66
gii6'o eiia't uatshtage *erb 6lev at60
fror, IloInt b lnk range to thir:y do
grobs; 668t fhe experimnents, it h
I tated, proved that the platforms were
etgtfal to the severest test; thme tfor bae
of straf oedrroipondjug toth.idoresd
of elevation. TrIW gen-catriaget
wefe manufgotured of the best wrought
Iron, and of the most improved forms,
aqd yet one of them was bradly strain
ed aftet the sintbh6b8.
The f~ranesfusion of blood a's a reme
dy for f(i*paired vitality was recetly
attempted with oof#plete seeus in.
Berlin hospIual. The subjo6t was il
soldier on whom an amputatilon had
been peformed, and who became so
weak from the consequenlt, 1k6 0
olood that hi. lif6 was di-pairod of
As a last resource; one of the atItend
Inlg smmdgeons aehted .a hthshy Aa
r ian, and took from him the propot
quantify of blood,which, after b'efog
freed .froma thstpqos by ftt~o atu
raispd by pttI~egl fpsas ttt o
heat, vap injo ee. in5 e kip#9
Ithe' dying d ie t.' * ga st epoa
s greatest thisk.es by~ at*i thme '
,talkers asM frogs Gasko l t f
Over One llundrtd Guests At a Weddinj
Feast Mysteriously Poisoned.
0i G Thursday Mr. Grant, the tiele
'ge jt of die Dos Moines Valley rail
ou I, was tuarried at Fort Dodge, t(
a young lady named Miss York
Nuipbi-us invitations were extended
r t ho leading oitizens and their fami
lies to be presetit at the feast, In
kime evening the houmd of Mrs. York
toie bride's mother, was thrown open,
and about 9 o'clock no less than twt
hundred ladiya and gentlemen sat
down ) o partake of tle elegvit reaust
'lhi'h tiad been prepaNI.1 'lhe i I lait
proe'edbd pleasantly till shortly afte
10 U'old$ik, when soute of thej visitors
were taken ill, 1iite suddenly and
had to be removed. Othes were
similarl) offi-eted in rapid sucoession.
and presently the horrible suspicion
flished eoro.,s the minds of all that
,hey bud been pois-med. The bi-ide
and groom beoeume ill, and were taken
-o their room. Every physician its
the city was summoned, but us many
if these were at the feast, they were
Also ill and unable to even propeily
tend to thersulves. Tie v.etims
sere removd to their hores, and
roans and inonning were board in
.ilmost every household.
The pain tli'd sielfiem are almost
beyond descriptlon. ilp to Saturday
at noon 147 porsolis had undeigone
.agoniies worst- ulmost than death, aid
4 number of others were becoming ill.
Dr; Greason, a flh3sioian, after hav
ing done all in his fIdwer to relieve
forty of the sufferers, was taken down
hi.uself. The effgets were certainly
those of poison: .1 mi matig oubs the
sufferers were afileted with tempu:
rdary paralytis, losing all power over
their limbs. Almo.,t all of them un
derwHnt a r~lapse, from which some
masy never recovei-. Variou, thgrie
as the cause of the poi~oning are alut.
The nmost probable theory is that the
bause %as Che t5e-cream: The cream
was secured by Mrs. York, and given
to a confectioner to freeze. In per
forming the work the conireetioner
used a copper refrigerator lined with
,In; The infectidnbt- Had no idna,
$robably, that the iefrlgei-aor had
not been propeHy cleaned, for lie par
took of the ice crean him.-elf and be
Aneedote of fh C. Calholn.
The following ecpied from the N.
Y. Tribune, is perfectly consistant
with the well know n character of the
great Caroling patriot and statesman.
It is tola by Mr. Wm. 8chouler, o
the authority of the late Huh. Ab
bot Lawrence :
"Some time before 1840, Mr. Cal.
toUn wfUtb to Mr. iawrtetce that lie
had been adding to his landed oetates;
and would like to obtain d loan of
$10,000 or $15;000 in Boston, where
fiofie# was. uiyte plenty than in
South CarblIna, KUid the rAt df in
terest not so h gh, tor the payment of
whioh he would give his notes and a
mortgage upon his estate, which would
be dmpid fetiltrily, .Mr: La ren6b
said he 6dusultod Mr. NatHan Apil
ton and 'ne or two wealthy cit izens of
Boston upon the subject, und it was
agreed i raise tile money for him,
itid taklI no security f->r tfl. fepa3
ie'nt bilp his own note. Mr. Da .a
renice in formed Mr. Calhoun of t Ifo
arrangodient which he~ had mansL,
and expresod Uiis g rdtiOtii.n that
h was in tlie j.Saei of himseif and a
lt6* of his friends to Joakinidners to one
so distinguished, whose life hutd bega
devotod to tclie Bidrtihe 6f his ccuntry.
Mr. CJadhouft ~imediaitelf wrote
- adk, deolining tfie oftd afid
Idiawing his originalrelet e
said ft dii rnot oba fh a cten
propriety to accept a loan urpon m-uch
terms ; that in the dischargo of his
p ublic duties her did iidi wish to be
6ttb at riane$ by a uense of obligation
to arny olie;''-Charl4es&>n Courier.
How unl'ke the Asis 61 publi6 most
i1n therse days.
A FPial ftildle To6r.
'fhe Raleigh Sent ineo mentions the
fqllowing eent accident at Pilot
founitd in, Nbrth Carolina ; A. Mr.
anfl I~irs. Atkine~n, a ieslj diarried
boiple, were sitinding on' the top of
th6i r moni, unad whifp j fauing
around t he pinnsele, !Mfr. A'; ste ped
upon a rock oovered with nio~s and
foll, add Mts: A., It attoiospting to
I66ieh fidi, also tell, avid both sipIped
from.theumo'-y amdrfdoo of the rook
jreef pit bing the mselees trbt tfhe
Ipinnia6le, a distance of gome 10:0 yafde.
'The lady was inmtantly killed, while
i e gntlemt atlast dunt4, wias
frofesftkt Vs *iill;
The Ehriisin World ban the follo~w.
ing in an artI6l6 dontributed by 11ev
p. C. Burt r
"i'h. number of frotetAnt* how
In Franae Is reokodeod at from a mild
liod and a Mfalf tg,.'s ? 6Ahhhon and
~ariodg' denontisnatIpjre Wirgb n
heroNreceiv ~i a r~tdl (urypoti
rola t@VS. e.
Trealment for Chicken Cholera.
In a recent number of your papel
I flud a communication froin 0
Bohrer, on the disease of fowls, par
ticularly what he considered indi
gestion, or chi.,ken cholera, in whio
ie gives a diagnosis of the diseas
which, I suppose, is possibly correel
He also sa 's, up to the present tim
id trzatuile t with which h0 is ac
Iijuainted has proved satisfactory.
Now, I wish to say to him; and all o
our roadeis, that I have fddud d ver
easy and bilap renedy that is antis
fauoyry. Udring thd yoer 1868 akn
186) I lost nearly all my fdwls, bot
chickens and Ii urkeys, tentirely of till
latter,) by thisi amne disoase. In otn
instance an entire brood of chickens
tome two or three weeks old, seven
teen in number, all died under th<
hion in one1 night. As a remedy, I
bought one pound of Spanish browr
and nixed about one-fourth of it with
perhaps, three quarts of wheat bran
(corn tieal is just as good,) and placed
it in a thirge &ugar troughi near tbc
house door. In a short time they had
devoured it all. A week or two af
torwards I gave them another portiot
and so on until the whole pound was
tidwinistbrd. In the mean 'titn
I gave theih e'ery day, buttLermnilk
blabber, dish-water &c., as ihuch aE
they could drink through the day
I whitewahbd my hen house comn.
plotely, insidb and out, and gave themn
in a trough placed in the hken houso
about half a bushel of slack(d lime to
bat and wallow in at pleasui and the
result hda been that I never had heal
thier fowls in my life, and I do not
think I have ever had a lotthly chicken
unde'r this treduntent.
I would nl~o tate that for ho)b
years past I have planted a patch of
poptorn to feed young chikens on.
They vil tiich it ilp frbely at four or
fivo days old, and as soon they can eat
it, I feed them on largo corn.
This, I have thoughti teiids td pro
tont trodbl'o 4ith gape.i:
P'ious its Robspierrej comely as adiatlhz
Tender as itrat 1 is ttioky Morton:
n U- i It.
All eriiiies of men exhausted, he aped
H o ynau,
And foamb without the pale of man;
alike, and law.
"Outside the Constitution" he smote
fteckless afid metciless-to his ao
Sount he goces
A shining serpent. Ito beais bead
Whon safd-Lwhen bruised, hb shams It
tifts. PREoH EL ATOMk.
I'ewale &tokauna ! Toy Sllvbr Voil
May find its dupes below-bitt Hot
Not Aladka; noi UbInhi afpori t th6
Can give sleep to thy [pillow-'or
pleaco to thy soul !
Wlow Ofeelist's Cofrispondent was 7reitted
Atl tiotittion at blustering fo'llow
with a big revolter hiing about his
Eist strode up' arid downi the platform
assertitig with proper oaths that no
white mai could be a Radioal, and if
he. said he was on'e he was a d--d. liar.
"And. no nigger isi a lie pooat," lie
adg(8. "1 don't ente wh'at Vie says:
if he talld liffiself a Democrat be'&
a d-d liai. No whit. man would
want to eat and sleep with such fel,
lowd as thiopec," poiing to thr~ee no
1groes who 1ild st fl6ished tilniad:
ing some freight, "arid thatL's why1I
say no white man easy be a Radical;
and if he aye he is, he lios. There',
lthat gentl eman," Iudicating Mle2 Ie
blo Rodisaljiand it 1he says so hesa
liar." The fellow's political hdirlnglie
was here interrupted by the wlilstle
of the locomotive, apd I was not sor
ry to reste ,him.--A ugustae. kiler i
Neio York Tribune.
. Wiseonsin is overrun with wili
jigeoni.s Thdaands' of inilliobs -o1
theme have gone thete to' 19ui4 theli
ests. It is estiunated Al e. if the.)
dr ore tsottl down'in 'sudh number
uipon Rhode !sliind or flelaw are, t1o
would swalhovr the &tate in abottt fl
teen minutes. - ;
bedrje R. of;a}6
hootoc~mafi eh bo ~ been for odeM
tI)k t?,e occuipa'fttof ther Philadelpil
Alms H ouse; *9en fy. ell heir to hi
deceased unl ' ato rth $150,
000t andbhagon to Ed(nbqrg to se
(End to vrrn'( the" Alf@ 'fl~ih
ai least until hi has spent his inheri
d~gifhfng Illed a Ato tft6 otb4
tghte'nesr Montgomery, Ala;, as I
was tettsgjeon. a bag of 69rr he he
stolen. Une.61d negto Wwman; vie,
, ing tile bed ' egolir~dd : "D2~
a In w see eeId I~ d6e st**
, This fallacy of Stdtte Sovereigity, lit
the very teeth ofthi constititidti,. etha
nitted from Thounas Jefferson, and ';aA
first proeliied in the so.called Vir.
Sgin ia resulitions of '98. and next ii
dthe Kentucky resohitions of '99. The
. illithies of J.efferson aid his followere
% 4ele thh the F'reeich republio of tht
-'lay, and whlde 17adhinlgton and jiis
- party leld the atrocities of that reptillid
f in nndisguied detestation. But Franc
had been our ally, and England had
- eeBl ont-. oppressor ; ind so, frum his
I poptilar Freleli syn!pathies Jefftrson, in
0 d - vatttt' his pariy to the posess
sion or tihe governnen ti t, Eta to.
sovereignty as an idea did no mischief.
noder JefTersoi, and none to speak of
diring that whole period in which our
intercomiiinimcations from Sta'e to Statd
were over difficult roadi, by horse pow.
ei dr boustwije by sailing vessels. To
these conditonis, in a now country;
strong Sr ate govrnnmonts aMid a 1ose
sert of geiieal iditiiidration werO well
adapted, iiotwtI statiding tile 'arihings
of State soverietiiy fir iblied inl th6
revolt of ieti tribes of lsrea l, in thd
imicessait qarrelsind Oars of the pet
i ty sovereigii States of anuieit Greece;
and iii the ware of the petty sovereign*
ties of Italy, and (ermiany. and France
I rtin,? reat Brituiin and Ireland witti
Hilt our Sokherni relellion, on thig
Jeffersonii fahllaby of State sovereign.:
ty, ill beinjg debiyed (intil after the gon
erai introdnctioni 4 ritilwavs and tole.
graphs ll over the bdilltri, m ciie too.
ato. All the pre-ek istij conlitions of
iitercourso between the States, had
bleei hang, d. Tho railway uand the
tel-raph; w itli, fli6 . EbiitC alit in-u forces
had simply mamde i lihi R db'hilederatior
of Stale 8vereignties or .(w'c 6 nnfder
acies an unifissibility. 'i'he MiMsissippi
river is a powerful bond of union ; buta
the onds of the railway and the tele
graph are stronger tilan'the Mississippi.
Tiese potential forces of ntioui and con
tralisation swainpuml the SouLthern conl
tederflb e Ijid yet, the antediluvian fire.
bater; Uavisi is otit, ag;til preaching
State sove reienty. Thell Italian',d
drean (f flve hmiilfed ye:ars of Itahati
tinity was laft to be riealis'ed by the rail.
way tii~d the telegraph; and, after al thi
Mzirilieds and flhtings of ille pett
t'iloin an d(l stivisiois tf Gernany;
the labo-s of the great Hismarck for
Gerniai imit ii oldd have iailed but, fof
his powerful alliea, the.ralwvpy and th
teh-graph.-N. Y. ilerald.
Bye of a Fertilizer.
Rye will grow arid often yield large
ly oi n asoil containing not moro than
one and a qiartdir ier cerit of organid
matter. it aftords a fOne winter pasture
for stock. It should bd down in the
fall, as soon as the sun's heat has so
iodefated as atoi to kill the young
After fy lids dvanred in age rnd
rowt~h suU6,ient to stool out, it is
not dlimaged by tie ttAmpin of a rea'
sonablo anmount of stock. . Grazing i
(d a reasonablo exiant in tinter and
early Spridg is sai rttlier to increasd
thauri to dint 4h thme yield.
If it is floi desired qv tie farmei
to reajl arid thresh otit his'wliole crop of
rye, h6s atid cattle are greatly benvfit-'
ted if turned in tipori it.
The rye strawv if allow~ed to reamaird
upntlie ground, shades it, tu aiding
inmits fertilliation by preventing evap4
okation and the escape of valuable gases
from the soil.
Besides this, thm strmiw iakes a posi.
tively large additIon to the organid
Imat ter in the soil, It also improves its
physical properios- ,Trred under iU
renders the grou'nd pulver z'able and per-'
meable to the roots of phanits anid to thid
raim: In grazina liridi t it ell~ Impos.
taut to remienibehIsat trariipigjlt by the
stock in wet death~er is Injuriotus. A
luxruriant, rye p'atoku bears Winter gra~.
inig wi:h' less injury to thme soil than any
other ersi' we are accjnainted with.
Should the Iarmer prefer to save Illd
*hmole crop of rf.; the torain alwayd
be ra a fair fricm. in riiarket,
ti4 irripdrtad4to'be careful in ti
sectliori of seed foi soding': Nluch of
thie rye foimid in tle rifar",,t4 has. been
cist too early, or tfom otlt caused, is
defs tv In 'ermin~ating p'ower.
A fter gett nga astart in rye cutr
(hie farm'el a mould say. hi. own sesd
froie f'ear to year -ue( Vapr.
l'he Kngaroo Drol.
The '-kangared droop;' ui6w "famsh.
iinb," '15 thus described ir a Ned
Tork letter .'WTo niakti tIGng" pera.
feat, a gilove *hh tli& bI'h fir bhttona
Is 4616dtbdjed tilat t 1i~rlst fibay be sad
long anld as. 6Ml derf #ffusible. The
. wrist of the tr'ftlrstnd; affdthat ot the
.right, hafd5 If Itit ot b6ftaded e+th elf
Alpir.e parad'i Id-Wroidght eose to' the
breast, andmdhefte. haha id perpiittaa4
to fhIl; pAlnr dotriwAwrf,1; .eifall VthusJ
cufaif a6tidhA ws.16'st; thnis le de preauJ
e~nt efeiuodg of l6ebmotion by th. de
c~onahs Af tidItnRro;d.do1 ' ifg'
gqtsa tile tk kpessads it~agifna.
be, lesiddsu provinmg respectisines ad
d kno~w style of collakr fuan' dIes I
of 4vbtte"-lIien -'standiug 'dpt f
Ibaok and torned ovrr attrst ro ar
d1lk a san's, and 6dgd'1.4E dia