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VOL. Vii.] WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST23, 1871. [NO.10
IS Pt'n118I~Lsc WsKIY BtY
D ESP1Il'ICS A WILL gAMS,
TermisI.-Tnt. In s uiblS i heeIC-I Weeks
in the rown of Winnsboro, at $3.00 in
wareably in advarnce.
f6ty All transient advertisentent.s to be
id in advanco.
Obituary Notices and Tributes S1.00 per
The Fatal Accidit on the Blue Kitlgo
The following letter signed "T."
and dated W alhalla the 1 Ith, appears
in the Columbia Union of yes
The railway collision on Thursday,
near Perryville, by which Mr. J. U.
Clemson lost his life, was the result
of such groes carelessness as to do.
serve bettor the name of murder than
accident. The facts are about as fol
lows: On Thursday last, the up train
on the Blue Ritidge Road, cousistipg
of an engine, baggage car and a pas
senger car, loft Anderson closely fol.
lowed by a lumber train, belonging
to the Greenville Road. Previous to
reaching Pendleton, the passenger
oar became detached from the engine
and was left standing on a bridge.
Fortunately there was between it and
the coming lumber train a straiht
piece of road, so that the latter was
stopped within, however, a few yards
of thostanding car. Had it stood upon
a curve, thie accident of the day would
have occurred earlier and with proba
bly wore fatal results. In spite of
this warning, the lumber train con
tinued to follow the pnsenger train
closely. After pabsing Pendleton, the
passenger train stopped at liunnicut's
orossing (not a regular station) to put
out some freight. Behinid was a curve,
and around that curve dashed the
lumber train striking the pas.enger
car which .had just commenced to
move forward. and badly wrocking
the rear platforin. Such pastengers
as had not succeded in jumping off
were thrown vi lontly forward. Mr.
Clemson was thrown against the end
of the c4r, and was so bruised inter
nally that he die'd in a short time.
These facts show c imniual negli
gence on the p;.rt of the superintend.
ent of the Blue Ridge Railway in al
lowing one train to follow another in
such close proximity as to rendersuch
a collision possible. The remedy
will, it is to be hoped, be found in ex
emplary pecuniary damages.
The engineer of the lumber train'
was criminally careless in running in.
to the train which a previous warning
proved ho was following too closely.
A remedy for him ought to be found
in an instant dismission from his
employment, and a criminal prosecu
As if fato followed the passenger
train, another disaster wasi prevented
only by the energy and act ivity of
one of thd colored employees. The
passengers had been transferred from
the wrecked car to a box-car. Soon
after starting, the coupling broke, and
the car started on a down grade, to
ward the scene of the previous disas
ter. A colored ian ran past the car
and began throwing ohunks of
wood in front of the wheels, thus re
tarding its speed until a large piece
finally threw it off the track. If it
hand not been for the ptromlpt action
of this mian,' the car would have soon
gained a speed that could not have
failed to result in a fatal disaster to
the women and children in the
As the wrecked car was the only pas
senger coach owned by the Blue
Rlidgo Comipany, passengers amto now
transferred fromt Walhalla to An
derson in a box-ear, and are allowed
to sit in splint chairs as far as they
will go round, then upon trunks, and
finally upon the floor, or stand if they
Unaccountable as it may scomn, a
coroner's jury, sitting on the body of
Mr. Clemson, returned a verdict of
"death -by'- unavoidable actoident."
-We venture to Aay that no persons
t ntot Mnryid' at Udis 'tcrditt
thtaa the officials of the BleRig
Company. ln ig
Preparatton or lFood for Stock..
It has been 'long. admitted - that
chopping the food gi-ven to out- horses
mul 1os.and cattle, increases the diges
tibility of the food,-andc makes sinaller
Cuantity, supply u'uffieient nutriment.
'e steaming and softoning the chop
ped food by waiter was a further 1m
provemient in the preparation of stock
food, both as to gnhlilty and in econe
ioal noint of view, and now another
and, Itit' is idli greater improvement
has booun itroduced, namely, the
grindIng or crushing fodder, hay
andi straw, by which they are made
qutito soft arnd sucoulent, more easy of
digestion, more nutritiyo, and more
jathtable. Th 'itful is ,d6M by
ple and lnexp~ensl .4j .1 a operatio'n'.
--So- Farm andl 19 me.
'ira. tnton ohu e~ that WAmen
stimulate nmens passions with their
dross, their, daniceg, bare':arms, bare
nooks, and thon make a- terriblo' upa
roar when they come to afii the eon.
seqncesna of the own inin.~ost.
A Baby Dies of llydrophobia-Au Awful
Casc- The Child Tears its Clothing and
Barks Like a Dog.
A little son of John McGinuis, an
employee at the stock yards, died last
Saturlay morning of hydrophobia.
The ago of the child was one year and
line months, The case is a somewhat
singular ene, and therefore we give It
with sone particularity of detail.
Very few cases are un record of the
fearful complaint attacking one so
young. The position taken by cor
tain authorities that the disoase is
simply of the imagination is here
proved to be untenable. An unrea
soning infant, just beginning to prat
tie, is n t likely to be so disturbed
by the fear of imaginary physical
troubles as to be in this manner hur.
ried out of the world.
The child was bitten a little over
a month ago. The mother had one
day seated it on the ground at the
back door of the house, when a large
Newfoundland dog belonging to a
butcher named Shuler, living in the
neighborhood, came suddenly rush
ig up to the child and bit it. No
one was about the house had seen tiis
Three ugly wounds were inflicted
upon the tender infant by the ravag
ing animal-one at the side of the
left temple, another between the
ayes, and the third on the top of the
head near the edge of the hair. The
brute showed every symptom of mad.
nces, foaming at the mouth, snapping
at everything it passed, without stop.
ping to veut its rage upon any particu
The wounds upon tie child soon
licaled, only one slight scar on the
nose renuining. The matter faded.
rrom the recollection of the parents.
Last Wednesday morning the infant
began to show singular signs of irrita
ion and commenced tearing off its
slothes, at the same time uttering low,
wailing cries, and complaining of
Shirst. But when water was offered
to it the most distressing writhing of
jaws and convulsive movements of the
Face and throat followed. No one
;eemed at first to know the real cause
if the trouble. The startled mother
did all in her power to restore her
infant to ease and quiet. Thinking
it might be suffering from the heat,
ihe took off some of the superfluous
alothing. The wise wonen of the
neighborhood gathered in and gave
tbeir diagnosis of the disease. Some
said the compliant was diptheria, and
some said the poor littie thing was
All day Wednesday the little suf.
ferer exhibited the sane symptoms,
seeming, however, all the time to suf
for more acutely. It pulled and tug
ged at its clothing with such energy
as to tear off the buttons, and threw
its arms about in the most agovized
This continued until Friday night,
neither the mother nor the child
sleeping. The infant took no
uourishment during all this time, and
when water was offered went into
convulsions, seeming to reject it with
Dr. W. W. Goodman, living at the
Rock Island car works, was aunamoned
on Fridlay evening. IHe at once told
the gried-stricken parents that their
child was dying of hydrophobia, and
nothing could be done to save it. i~e
admnistere d morphia without effect.
The child was apparently in the last
stage of the disease. In '.ts convul'
sions it seemed endowed 5.ith preter
The foam which issued from' its
mouth was stained with blood. It
uttered an incessant whine, which
those about it eonmpared to the whin
ing of a dog. Whenever the hands
of those attending it approached its
face the efforts to bite were manifest
ly eanine. Although but just com
menoinig to talk1 it repeatedly uttered
the word "dog?' during the night pro
coding its death, as it had somehow in
its diseased infantile brain mysteri
ously assooiated the idea of. its pres.
ent sufferings with its being bitten a
At 8 o'clock en Saturday death
eamo to the relief of the sufferer.
From Wednesday nlorning until this
hour no nourishment and not a di-op
of water had passed its lips. ITho
ease is a peculiar one, and should at
tract the geineral attention of the
The First Bale,
The receoipt from Dr. Elijah IT.
Dowlhing, of B~arnwell County, of the
first bale of South Carolina cotton
and,its sale at 25 cents per pound,
have already been reported. Now
the curious fact is noticed that this is
the third consmeoutive year that Chmaru
leston has redoiVed 'hom "first bale"
freim Dr. Dowlin'd, one of~ thoe most
ooessful, praotical and extensive
planters of Barnwell County.
W~e are p ained to 'record the death
of Mr. R.JT.W. McCann, an enter
prising aotife and useful citizen of
this County, and a young man g real
ly 'esteemad 'by 'a lNrgo cirdle of
friends -afd acquaintances.-Andev
Arc We Rluined.
Once there was a man whoso housso
was burned down. lie had plenty of
land, and stock, and appliances for
work left, but on reviewing the situa
tionli he made up his mind that ie was
ruined. Now he was a rather obst Inate
old chap, and would listen to no ar-,
gument which was opposed to his
own convictions. "Why, my friend,
you arc not ruined," his many
friends would any ; "you have a
bright prospect before you ; all you
have to do is to quit whinming about,
the past, and look only to the future."
But ruined he would be, and notihing
would insult him Moro than to nay
there was a chance for his reviving ;
and sure enough lie was rninnd ; tie
let go all holds-everything went to
the dogs, amid he died a pauper.
That's the condition of our country
to-day. The fanatical persistenoy
with which soine people Cling to the
idea that wn are ruined, is perfecth
marvelous. The fashion is to recur
to the past, think over how many nig.
gers we used to have, and sigh 1'we
are ruined.'' And if a man attempts
to argue against the suicidal notion
Ie occupies the position of a strange
Irishman at a fair ; ho has got to
trike hard or wear a thick skin, or lie
su fers pretty badly. *
And the whole press keeps up the
whiue from one end of tho land to
tho other. In 1865 the whole world
ivas looking towards our sunny fields
For homes, and were repelled by the
ery "we are ruined." Of course the
wvorld didn't want to go to a ruined
,ountry, and so the world and his
Aife staid at Lou e. Pick up a paper
and we'll bet you that half you read
'oes to show that we are ruined.
Well so far as we and our houses
ire concerned , we don't, believe we
tre ruined. Wo think the road to
)rosperity is plain Cease absurd re
istance to an accouplished revolu
ion-abandon the senmiments and
nethods which are as foreign to our
-ra as the Vishnu philosophy. Get
,he car on the track-putsteam on
-cry "all aboard," -and down the
yrooves of timo we'll drive the train
into a future where flowers bloom,
ind birds sing, and won go about
wvith pockets full of rooks.-Clinton
I Murder for Ten Cents.
The particulars of the Thorndalo
murder, as given by the Canadian
papeA, are of a most horrible nature.
Mrs. Campbell, the wife of the mur
:erod man, was awakened by the
sound of voices by the bedsido de
rmauding money. Mr. Campbell told
the burglars that there was no money
in the housc, but they disbelieved
him and shot at him three times
without effect, Then began a hand
to-hand encounter between the hus.
bandc) and his two opponents. His
wife successfully procured axe and
a carving knife, but they were seized
by one of the ruflians and made to
do dreadful duty in despatching the
unfortunate Campbell. After being
horribly gashed and bruised he fell
dead on the floor. The assassins then
turned upon the woman and renewed
their requests for money, She told
them to take her little child's safe,
containing ten cents, which was all
there was in the house. They there
upon angrily turned time furnit'uro
upside down, but failed to find any-*
thing more valuable than the little
safe, which, with its wealth of ten
cents, they actually to.k, arid left the
premises swearing at their disappoint
mont ; while the crush'ed and hero a,
ed wife applied herself as well as she
might to the task of stilling the cu es
of tier fatherhess children -and com.
posing the corpse of her brave and
Thme large orop of grapes grown in
th~e vicinity of Richnmond is a great
public benefit. They are so healthy
and such an important addition toth
variety of summer diet. Bytung
back a few years and recollecting the
linmited suppl the brogtto' the
city-how they wore only placed upon
a few tables, and were but little used
as a rare fruit, we can appreciate thme
rapid manner in which the fruit o .1
turists have' enlarged the crop.
Grapes arc rapidly being introducod
into every hour o as a p irt of the sub
stance of the season.--Ricn mend Dis
An Island Swept by a Volcnnic Wave.
One of the most terrible of thme ap.
paling calamities that have lately oc
curred in those quarters of the g lobo
which are subject to great eenvul1sionsa
af nature is reported from the Batavia
papers by the cable to-day. A small
isla'nd in the Malay archipelago,
known as swept by a wave forty yards
in height, caused by a concussiona of
the sea wbich accompained an out
burst of thme volcano of Ruwang. . All
human beIngs on the ialattd, 416 in~
number, together with their, Ofttle,
borebs and other aniaile, perished i
the sudden dolugo.
Mrs. Mary Aon Cleveland, Nf
Maqakota, Iowa, has sued ten saloon
keepers in that city for 5,000
damages done her by furnishing
liquor to her husband.
There is no erop that the farmei
nn put in the ground which pays hin:
better than the turnip. We art
aware that with some persons It jb
looked upon its of little account
but it has never received the conbider,
ation to which it is really entitled :
and thoso who turn up their noses at
it are not genuine farmers.
alt is a or >p moreover'that is put in at
a time, whben the hurrying work of the
season is over , and it occupies ground
that has been used for something else.
The cultivation also, say of from
one to two acres of turnips, involves
oomparatively little labor. The crop
too, is harvesed in Nuomber, when
there is almost no other labor on the
farm to interfere with it.
As to the variety of aced to sow, wo
believe their is no turnip eqrual to
the purple top. A top dressing of
bone manure is almost indispensable
o an abundant crop. .
For an early crop take the Early
Flat and sow broadcast early in July.
['he Purple Top for the regular farm
trop. This should be sowed in driils
btirty inches apart, and when the
Arnips are the size of a hickory nut,
bin out to eight or ten inches apart
u the row. They seldom fail in
affording a satisfactory crop. The
rop can be put in the latter part of
Fuly or firt't half of August.
Wh'lon the land is a little 0liort, sow
aiong the corn at the last working.
l'lhey will not interfere in the least
vith that crop, generally, and very
ittle when it ij harvested.
Be sure al ways to procure seed from
tstablishcd seed houses of reputation,
and use that grown bore instead of in
Iurope, if you wish the best and
afest article.- German town Tele
Good Sense Showit by Voters,
Col. C. G. Meuminger has been
.ected a School Commissioner in
.;harlcston. ie was nominated by
the Republican party and voted for
3y many of both parties. When such
mton as Col. Menminger, so well fit.
'ed for the office to which lie is elected
re brought forward by - the people,
it is a sign that good sense begins to
prevail over the nonsense and crime
of electing incompetent persons on
mere party grounds. All men elect
ad to transact the public business
should be elected on account of their
merit, more especially in offices that
are not political, county officers,
judges, and others that mnight be nam
ad. It is a disgrace to any party to
nominato men of bad or doubtful
character to any oflice, political or
not, and still more disgraceful in the
people to olect such men when nonal
nated.- Grcenville Entrpriz;.
A Sardine Supper.
A country landlord, wishing to give
in elegant entertaitnment at his house,
sent to a neighboring city for two do%.
en boxes of sardines, wiich he was
informed was the chief delicacy in
the market. His ehirography, how.
ever, was so had as to make the order
road, "two dozen boxes syringes."
The night of the party came, and, as
supper time drew near, the landlord
looked anxiously down the street for
the asppe'arace of the stage which
was to btring the principal dish on the
bill. At last it arrived, and with it
package for the expectant land lord.
Diarectly there was a great outcry, and
a sound of cursing in thec bar-rootn.
The entire partf' rtshaed out to see
what was the matter, and there stooil
llrown pufling and blowing with ragg.
"See there ! I sent for two doeni box
es of sardihes for supper to-night,
and the cussed fools sent twenty-th roe
boxes of them pewter stiuirt-guns,
and says that's all there was in the
A young lady of Pit Lsfurg 4o all
appearances lay dead for Lwenty-two
days. When she died (?) there was
such a peculiar eg pression op q-her
countenance, and deocomposaltion .not
appearing, her frienda refused, to al
low her to be b~uried. On the twenty
second day she arose with sastart,.as if
just awakened from a refreshing sleep
and was surprised upon being inform.
ed of her Rip Van. Winkle, slumber.
About her first motion was to go to
the cupboard and put herself outside
of a couple of pies. She thtert told
the astonishted neighbors who had
filled thte house that sihe huad only been
asleep a d reaming, and boon me'greatly
annoyed at what she thought sdas their
propensity to "tease" her for "over
sleeping hersolf an hour In the miorfa
ing." It Ia a very singular onse.
Some young. people near Rlocky
Mound, Ga., were taking a walk,
when one young:lady havidg.:a *emell
switch. in -her hand, struck a-ofg
man whao'happened to.'have ia; 'M!all
coppeor cart ridge int bis pddtlofa
pocket wildh xplbded, tkd bgIllpass
ing.thron h their clothing aidd
ing in-the kne of the lalyredttiia
patnful and dangerous wound'.
Ain "gent" was once asked what
wife. One ha pa e s
prod i-gal, brit fru..gal' a true-gal, and
suited to to his cnuna taste.
A Desperale Struggle at North Spiring
field, and all for Sport.
One of the most des orate contests
we have heard of for a ong time took
place at North Springfield a (lay or
two since, and tho affair is made a
little amusing by the fact that thero
Was not the least feeling of hostility
between the parties, and no effort to
harm each other. It appears that
Mr. Turk and Mr. Allison (lid not
elgroo as to the ability of two mon to
forcibly handle a single man in a cer
tain way, and an arrangement was
entered into by which Mr. Turk un.
dertook with the aid of any other man
he Mnight select, to forcibly convey
Mr. Allison a certain specified dis
tane in twenty-fivo minutes' tino.
The day was agreed upon for the trial
and all parties woro prose nt, Mr.
Turk having brought to Itis assistance
a colored, man said to be one of the
stout-est men in the country. The
parties are in fact all men of superior
The contest began and. proceeded
gallantly, with varying and doubt
ful prospects. There was no reser
vation of physical strength-the ut.
most capacity of the contestants was
brought into action-mutole was not
At the end of 2.1A minutes of this
extraordinary and desperato struggle
the parties had reached tho door of
the room into which Allison was to
be taken. But physical enduranceo
could hold out no longer, and here
the contest ended. The parties were
all completely exhausted, their health,
and even their lives, being imperiled
by the long continued strain upon
[heir muscular organizations. Mr.
rurk fainted, and the services of a
physician were required to restore
him. The colored man became sick,
and vomited profusoly. .Allison was
reduced so that ho was unablo to
speak, and wont immediately to
We understand , however, that
rest and attention have restored all
partIes to their wonted strength and
vigor. But whether their minds are
satisfied upon the point at issue wO
are not informed.
Tampering With Coin.
Th e last report of the assayer of tle
mint of Philadelphia contains some
intoresting infornation in regard to
he various imethodi of counterfeiting
;old coin, or abstracting from them a
part of their value. In one lot of 1
f1,000, there were 34 double eag le.
I'wo of those had been burnt or bls.
tered, but as they wore vory -1h- IV 1)
under weight, tho oljo.'t .:h; m . t
ing has not been ise.,voied. The
other pieces were all from 10 to 20
grains light-that is, reduced from
40 to8O cents in value. One was filed
smoothly nearly all around the outer
edge, but all the others retained the
"milling" which had been restored
after the filing. In this way 5O cents
worth of gold was taken from each
piece, without sonsibly diminishing
its diameter. In one or two cases,
where from 22J to 58. grains had
been taken away, the eye would do.
tect the loss.
One piece wasreduced by the use
of nois. This treatmont makes the
surface rough, so that it is easily do
teeted. In the namio lot there were
ten eagles wvhich had bt.con filed, and
two treated with aeld, tihe latter being
quite spoiled. A number of counter..
feits were found in the same lot. The
best piece was light only two and a
half grains, but some of its lettering
was very bad. This piece contained
abont 69J per cant. pure gold, the
genuine coin contaIning 90 per cent.
seine of thme poorer pieces contain only
about f00 per cent. Another lot of
coins had been split, and filled with
platinunm. 'The best method of do
tecting filled or counterfeit pieces is
bf'f)ndling their specific gravity by3
Apples as Flood.
The Importanice of appies as a food,
ay:ibgha.nt hitherto been t
sufficiently estintated or understood.1
1Besides conitributing a large propor- I
tion sugar, muacilage, and othert notri
tive compoundti in the form of food,
they contain sucoh sAno combination
of vegetable 'acids,' oxtractivo sub- I
stances and arotnatic principles as to 1
act powerfully in the eapacity of ren
frigerents, tonies -and antiseptics ;
and when freely usedl at the season of
ripeness, by rural laborers and others,
they greatly maintain andi strengthen
the p0Oe of productive labor.
. istenl to te ~Iockinug Bird,
In apipa to tbao inegwing Legisla,
litre oft (dIia a vlg is raised for
the mioking bit'd. ITho' young of
these biro .noe hm1frighly 'taken frdo4
thd east ris' soon as found and sent' to
e for~~l o toit~opo0, .wht.o ,.tbqy
ell E li$ prcesandi,. as Oeer
brdod th isoe of Ie wit Idra
frdmi'ydd tidy,'a serisiblb dim ,gution
hf dh'o uitimber of Alosb 'glorious'arki.
Sied b for ne derpivoev m-eas
There I sno need cif pr'aiig the
present style of ladies' dresses, for
they are "uffed" enough alrma.
Whites Attacked by an ArmCdi Negro
A correspondent of the Savannah
News writing from Eatouton Putnam
County Ga., August 8th, says :
"As I have already written you, a
special election was held in Ilutnan
County to-day for Representative and
County Oflicers. The voting proceed
Od (juietlj, but evidently in favor of
the Democrata, until about I1 o'clock
wheni a negro drew a,knife upon one
of the police deputized by the Sheriff
to keep ordor. The negro was inime
diately arrested and hurried off to
jail. This excited the other negroes
somoewhat, and and one of their num.
ber proposed to rescue the prisoner.
This put him in limbo, and there was
much confusion in consequence.
About twenty negroes of the worst
tripe then proceoded to the residence
f the negro candidate, and armed
hlenselves with guns and pistols that
and bean previously stored there.
Returning to the Court House square
hey made a warlike demonstration,
ul were met and dispersed by the
utizen4s. One or two negroes were
vounded, and one white man shot
ilightly in the neck. The attack of
,e negroes upon the white people
vas entirely unprovoked. There can
>e no excuse set up for it. I trust,
iowevor, that they have been learned
Diamind Cut lilamonid.
A o< rrespondent, writing from
laratoga, relatos this incident :
"Among our visitors is a young
lergyman. ITO in smart, and has his
yes open. He is a echurchman, and
vill make his mark. An incident
fill illustrato this. 11 is college eh uM
s settled in the Baptist ministry.
)ur church friend miade a call on his
hum. It was Saturday, and he propos
( to spend 8umday with hi old asso
.iute, He was made welcome, but
rith the least bitiofi ombarassmont
hat ho did not fail to observo. At
ength the Baptist brother spoko.
I should be delighted to have you
>roach for me to-morrow. But the
act is, it is our communion. We
mave it directly after our morning
orvice, It would be very awkward,
rou know, for you to preach for me
md then go out of the house with the
miregonerate, for by the rules of our
lhurch, you, not being baptized, can.
ot commune with us.' The church.
an laughed, and said : 'Oh don't
o uneasy. I will preach for you.
lut were I forty times baptized, I
ould not sit down to your table, for
y the rule of our church, you, you
now, are not ordained, and cannot
diminiater the ordinanoo at all.'
Lnd so lie preached, and at the closo
rent out to his dinner.
Oci. Butler and his New Party.
Gen. B. F. Butler always makes
stir in whatever he 'engages. He is
ow the centro of a considerable
olitical agitation in MassachumsettA.
k Boston correspondent of the N. Y.
Iribune says :
"(Jen. Butler's self-nomination for
he gubernatorial chair has exploded
early all the political magazines in
he State, and is prod ueing the same
proar which, like an eco, follows
rtost of his proclamations. lie isr
arded b~y the old and tried meinbers of
he Republican party as an extremely
angerous man at any time. But
uat now his actions are looked uponi
nith more than usual distrust, on sa
ount of his absurd ideas upon some
mportant mattera of public policy.
rIts idea of public faith' in fmnafcial
naitters are particularly mistrusted.
le dlesiresi the formation of a 'new
iarty.' Hie hmas a platform of his
wn, conglomerated of labor theorlrs,
>artIal repudiation, and a war with
omnebody, which lie believes will be
he foundation of the now party,
3utler's own declaratilon, thu posal.d
Ility of his rejection by the Repub
an Convention was a qontingency
ot worth eensiderbmyg, shoei full well
hat he is basing his hopes of success
pon'the stupport of the new party,
~hether, he is nominated by the Re.
DIfpihcrla Cured wIth Laemon Julce, 's
Adolo time ago, Dr. Rtevillont, in a
apor presented to the French Acado
ny of Medicine,'amsserted that lemon
ulco is one of the ' rost efficatlous
niedieines whicb dali be applied to
lipthoeria, and he relates thlat, whoa a
Iressor in the hospital, his own lifo
ras savod by this timely application,
rIo got three dozen lemons, and gar
tled his throat with juice swallowing
i little at the same tim'c, in order to
rot on the more' deep-soated liarte.
I'le Dootor has noted numerous oases
>f cotnpleota success obtained by this.
nothod of treatment,
The truth is~ wealth rand fashion
ste realities ; hut they are not very
mtomln eaities. ''haef Are ohmparms.,
sivcIly insignflolant ones. Life and
ieath, and gin, andebhame., and sorrow
snfI epontance, arid victory and do.
red, to dslewna realti'os, and the
othe' 1'olorig 'to" iluIlo a difrwent
A Soathetn lady isi said' t. have
been poisoned by chewing green sew
A tree will transplant very much
better and grow with more certainlh
if slug when the ground Is very wet.
and if it is a valuable tree it pays well
to wet the ground the day before
Almost any evergreen will bear
transplanting, and will do well if
shaded the first summer. No one
would believe the diffurenco till they
There is no trouble about trans
planting largo trece, if you take two
or three years for it. We have tried
it on pear which is the hardest to
move. Dig three-fourthe up, and
fill up the placo till another yeair ; or
if a very big tree, take still another
year. This saves labor, for then not
so much digging is necessary.
Plants started too early in the
spring get a cheek or kind of chill
from which they will not recover the
wholo season. .
'tree should hardly be watered at
all unless they are mulched, not bimp.
ly because of the waste in ovapora
tion, but the cold produced by the
evaporation, does about as much
harm as the water does good. We
often hear persons say they wonder
why watering trees does so little good.
The reason is that the evaporatiol
produces so much cold thnt the trees
stop growing. And then it takes
very much more water to reach tire
roots of a tree than the inexperienced
are aware of, so that the single bucket
of water only makes a cold placo
around the collar of the tree. If tie
tree was in a strong growing state it
could bear it, but it is in as much
need of warmth as water.
Mulch prevents evaporation and
holds the water till it has time to
reach the roots. But when we consider
that a barrel of dry earth will nearly
hold a barrel of water, we must not
think that a single bucket of water
will be of much use.-Gardners
From experiments lately tried by
some of our most skillful chemists,
the fact seems well established that
certain articles, such as old wearing
apparel, well-dried wood, etc, ore Ca
pable of generating sulicient heat to
induce combustiongwithout the appli
cation of fire. A pliece of old cotton
saturated with linseed oil and packed
in a chest with old papers and rags,
he found after eight days, so shrivell.
ed up that the rags looked as if they
had been held near a ire. Again,
some old rags to which no oil had
been applied were wrapped up with
two or three matches and placed in
n tin box, which was hung in a loft
exposed to the rays of an afternoon
aan during very hot weather. After
three or four days of this test tile
box in which the rags had been de
posited was found to contain only
some well-blacked cinders. In short
the various tests proved very satistfae
torily, we think, that not a ferr of the
numerous fires "supposed to be the
work of an incendiary" are caused by
perhaps a rag which has been used
with benzine by the frugal housewife
to clean a coat, or by the hent which
is known to be generated from artioles
of silk, cotton, e tc., shut up in a close
Transmisssion of Dets by iNail.
A number of boes wore forwarded
to tLanoaster county, Pa., on Friday,
from some distant point, by mail, in
an ingentous manner, The moans
employed'for Lheiy transi$ consieed
of a block ,of wo'd'abon6 aii lnohee
Ia length, 'four inches 'wide, about
an inch and a quarter thick.
)?our heles5 about a1) ixil In la el
oum-feroso4 were ?oyred ~.througly
the block with a'n noggr.m each of
wjkiql4 were confined a queen Von anSI
sotno ibalf dosen others .tlha lonrgdr
tioti for a coo'ny or hi e.' Esellm sty
of' the angur hole was proted bya
wire screec, af'ordipg plenpy of venti
latiome. $~he postage amqnnted to,
onlg tyen ogoe ete.
. In sever4 ef the Parie suburbs the
grou~ed is said o be thickly sown
with shella that filled to burst when
$fgiowjig to thq rain .ind snow,- but
:whh eow, in a good:state: o rs
erk oMore or -less, danger is.
as, was phown in tlw oagg of' g gentle
mnan and his son who were strolling
recently in a rutie'.piirt of Montmo.
benqy. One of tbemn trod -spen a
shell,. whieb~ explodeod, killing the
father sud maiwing.the son.
Here we hre a .0retarto , bull
mad0 by a French p'enoher; *ho'lato
Jyssaid : -f'dmiire 3the' prodigious
aMrppgthc( of bind n l ' Withi 'the jaw.
.)snsg of en ' as a. Jhe Apat 2. thungin'd
filil.iaseottathe swordi .I 'Paddy
frein Odrhmaythy~ !itoteghle e.
tore. be,bland1essl Iitb aytliiugk ebox
*AavIrpg been offermd fen thouvand
dollar. its geMd, by'Alubsiarine.' caable
to writb a JMfb of.OlhrisevlSpargsett, the
giantinglish pretieket, liar telegraphb
ed 'back thal6 a. good a -life ofi 'Chtli6
as could be written would be found in
the New Testament