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VOL. VII.1 WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 1,1871. [NO.20
.15 PUBIRInKI WKPKIY HT
DLSPORTES & WILLIA MS,
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The Ku Klux and SuspensIon of the
Writ of liabra Corpus.
A. suse-nl si m oi ti writ . hb it
c or,.u-. boy tae i.--d. raIl (.I e.e It
aly of' thL S .tes in A ti ' f
rdl pe -e x ,id h1 .e
forinei y .v r, -
Both \Ill m I: .u is . E'
pleof A .0.
IetL .t'e it -e
rieh 8 at r.. ac'- '1--, r * t
ea crpu,, a.-l h-' -
the first .Otep to) - r 1 .
0ight. The1 wri' at to. . - a
hals been iegacleld lite 1uinv ,ai
ef liteity, Iad it is -h0 v4 hieh -.
Sti un at I IsII.g U-C le:dS t, t.
ficr dum thit we e . l r t im,
have eanged. Our uae citil w a . .
the 4A-. Itutral iz it iota Whieh reI'su1tad
from111 it have destroyed in A measure
that watchfulnes-, of tho Ainericai peo
ple over their literties utid jealousy of
the ancroacha-ent of ab.traay jower.
Now the Pcesident f the United
States ,uspends the writ of habeais
corpus in a iealtion of our com
muo.s country and little notice of it is
taken, as if it were a matter of odi
n ir3 occurreiee or n., importance-as
if in Fact, iio greAt principle were in
volved. The prooltm atiou of the
President da ed Wat-hitigton, Oc;to
ber 17, 1871, whiuh was published in
our i-sue las: Wednesday. places the
count-es of Spartanburg, York, Ma.
rion, Chester, Ltures, Newbury
Fairfield, LAncabter and Chesterfield,
South Carolina, under martial law, on
the ground that combinations and
conspiraces exist to obtruct and bin.
der the execution uf the civil law,
undthat the federal government is call
td upon to suipend the writ of habeas
corpus and to govern by miitry au
thority, in accordanoe with the act
of Congress pasied last April. If
the public mind were not so demor
ulized and so indifferent to thi.exercise
of military authority in time of gen
eral peace there would be a more
searohing inquiry as to the causes for
or necessity of this extraordinary ac
tion of the government.
Fortunately, the ibdependent press
of this country is free to discuss the
conduct of the government and toc.ll
public attentin to this imtportant
matter. The independent paes-, as
Junius said, is the palladium of our
civil and religious litberties. L,-t us
Co, tihelt, what founadationr these wa,
f .r prolait.g martial law and creating
Sill h a d..ge,u- precdeint. for exer
eiseng it rlatery p -w..r in this fa . se.
pubbho c. Th~ae P~esidenit ted Is nan IIIIis
pI-'lam1 ila; i .eC that Colbill( ioseul a41d
conl0 spir.,eit t e ax t in1 tht couinit ins pla -
ed under mitrtial ai-h c'i latl I.,
reach 'd by the civil law, aid ti. h -
cb .N sereeiltoas and inssurre'noo. y
My this he ume:1s what is gen r.aV
knowni a~s te Ku Kux Ther chslg-.
asre rung onl suun! txpressi~Ons a o
spi raeeic, org.s . ized anad armied coat
birati..e. vrolece, oeiitia oft t..
conistituited .a utoit Ies, and s a oua
but there is noc evidlence of rebelions
or inssurreectioen either in the sNsea5
general ly uirndaantoodi of the eorstitu
tion of the Unt t d Strts. 'Ire laiw
of Conigr~s (5 nc wion~ he, ha'' e.1 0i .
tiOnt 15 .y Ut --~ jgi *eOt; ,t. n .w .itie -
t asli .ni to re'ael.ies Ir i ,r r t .
wvhicl eb . ... . msie... n-.
law les".e-s of' a ' 'w -a
lawr1s in .usia.,bi; ~.---.
those who1 .cre gu,:. . .aC*u
not bt eantl use. iret en IC o5'
against ihte g.)venonelCia. I fa -t1'I
there has. been noi t~ i'e eb bioi.a
insurrection. Nor leC ti~c p~r 0l
consati tuted loa Il uambitwjr0 .'abIed
upon)1 the l'ederal goverltinenIt t'> SuIs
peaad the civil law, as is reqirced by
Governor 8dott, of South Carolini,
when askedl less thtu three weeks agc
if he were oepp..sed to martial law,
replied, "Moat unequivocally I am
andt those men wiho are so clamworous
for martial law are pursuing a mnista
keni policy." ie said, moseover,
thsat he hand no idea General Grant
would dleclare martial law, tha t h<
(the Governor) was not in, favor of it,
anld that hse thought the civil law was
more efficient. WVhat better authori.
ty does the administration wvant thai
the Governor of the State, who is on<
of its partisans 1 Then the State is
under radical government, and mosi
of the authorities in It are opposed t<
martial lisw. The clamor for such ar
arbitrary measure comes from only a
fe w reck less and corrupt disorganiser
and a~pirants for office ; from men
wvho have little interest at stake ic
the State beyond what they can makt
out of the offices or the disruptior
ofecivil government. No doubt thet<
have been deplorable outrages upoi
individuals by local bands, an dpro
bably the Uivil Rhights bill of 'eb9
gress may have been violated in some
tnses. No Good litizen would at
tempt. to justify those. llut .u -h
Orinmes are 1no} peouliir to Soit
Carina. (rme a i- s htad or ni-te
kinu..s ate committed in all he
stales, and it would be eusy eiei ho
to attribute thetti to Ku K;ux if it
s~hould suii the (.-deral waveriaiment t,>
do au for poliuotaol ends. tied d,
there inight be t liuit to fed-ial inl
titrfereice in the l.acal aff.irs of
the severail States, or evdn in this' city
of Now Yolk, if the proclaimiti u of.
ni:rti:,1 law i- t., . w t cin won lis
sion o? si' il eI ri 1, as t Iose pOIr
potratedl ImI South Canlifai. Sh ....
tih! elmo. lot, .. le %V p. im .-;a a, is " it wt ,:n
h- I. ebl-d more uhan the pri eilts of
loeni - k(- .vemeifiloir , npon which
'Iti0 f ..r ii.sti..ms et tO'bs,
Ihe w: I he .i. @., d t oivi lib.-rty.
I e .r isI U 0:, showmrg the reek
bg ., da cl 111% t a to p i4 ite
C U If -olk- U~oii<lm: e jo l
- i \ it' ' i t )- t :.1 -1 in , pi:( -d
u. M. .tial inlo, while the A.soMs
Kii .. i .,co. y : i m - at . it 'd
ii's -(Iti- i ii , . Ii'tI: i.j ti 1 ( - o
IIti 1e.. . iof 's cirtnirn~ [rti
e: I' K-.- A c: r rror If i- I
I cuess r) to j.ut . portioi 4 South
th irlitnn i ;er s.:t utial law f.. crimaes
agailnt indl ivIii.nk, what aIuid be
done in Nortlh CurAt'lti, where a few
bandits have -ue.s--fully deled all
the constituted auitho. itie.,? Nothing
has occus red in South Cauoliina since
the war eomhparable to the frightful
deptedationu and defiant conduct o
the.'e band it" i.i tho adjoining State,
entreniched in the swamps for munthi
und committing the must diabolical
murders and other fearful crimes.
So we unight refer to the hanginsg of
the negroes in Tenuiessee recently by
the populace without law and iu do
fisnc,: of the authorities for outrages
committed on white women, or to
ninny other lawless ats both in the
South and North. Where, in fact
would there not be founid a pretext
for the exercise of federul military
authority if the governmient should
wish to strain the law for that pur
pose or had a political object, to no
The president believes, perhaps, he
is doing his duty. We are not will.
ing to think otherwise, but unfortu
nately, he is not a civiliin, and hai
little opportunity to study State af
fairs in the light of civil and constitu
tional law. Ilis training hias been
military and his mund is imibued uith
military ideas. No doubt he is a
patriot and wishes well to the coun
try, and believes, probably, th.t he
ha,, intuitively the sanc capacity to
govern in peace as lie had to comitmand
in war ; but if lie would have his name
go down to posterity a8 a statem-nnii
he muit leave trio esoip and drop the
awot d --- he nimt in ti tie of pc ace I*..!:
pe.- 4Ove .11 things the civil lilberty.
Ad wdi he not hitivesonte regaAd for
the .u. ititlus and tryikg situation
Of h- jittir 8 ,utherntvrs, wao, i hony
th . ,r- - br. e led hi It- p- i
I pi - f t h e t i i - !%
-i.1ti they 1ir.- ph&t-nd iii, p.rtwI: r y
int Sou :. (ar..bni , in b-angi pult 'cai
Kt.svesi -0 th. tr tf*,t n r di..mne.tI ...a, t
puliati..n pt under tht-e tde of ignotr
tast flnp aei-saN~vage iecruoes anid cor
rupit stransge.rs, 'i no have little or no
intres inthe State, ex.ept, to rob
ltiHa e no bowels of c mnpis ion
for thes o utifortunate people ai-tur o wit
blood4 mi der 1such tryig ci rotmi
si1ne ? tWe tk, as we mi bef,~ts re,
h:t se :ea .s . s 2.5ii; .ur lhe ia- liee.,
i e tIe- . xiC it opft..f:li O .s
.~ r it- ac vil
. o - tir we
- e ' 4 43 :- . n i t.1
- x di f h. ut a n A n it
p* 64~0 t.0 N Nor ti a SotiiiI,
*..r' by .. kmi tol iid . onei pohtc) to
h3C.l. ou ,n< ib -4 by m l-ayc.
e e on - Le s o.:o gene st
.., o hia ssa.,. 20 o mot' , tanl be isan
have e0 ~ii the South, tie well as
good will evO. ywnere, by abaindoning
his militry ideai iof goveranment ad
masking te ecivil laow supreme in every
stection of suar c rnmton country.--N.
The Questionl of Martial Litw la Solk
We are pleased to observe that the
independent press of the country are
protestiug against the arbitrary pro
eoedings of the United States soldiery
itn South Carot'na. North, Sooth,
East and Weost, these protests are
made. Nero is said to have fiddled
whilst Rome was burning . Orant
pursues his travels arnd takes his rec
reation in Maine whilst he sets his
soldiery loose in outraged South Caro
The Secretary of the Treasury has
authorized the issue of newr ourreboy
Iequal to tho amount destroyed by the
OhIdado fire. 8o re port says, but we
know not how ho 49 ii seertain the
An Inch ot a Tine.
E 1rylo i) Il., haurd of the kind
har ri-h mai w ho, conasidering it
~sp. ient to dock hi., dog's tail, Un
dliratiok to mitigate t lit pail of the
op.:rAtio by cuUling ff an iUU at a
titm, in teAad of amnputat ing it at the
stib tat. ol.!. With lesis benlevolent
motivem, Ocn. Grat. appears to be ini
tatlng the poleY of thlis well-meaning
but t mitaken H1ibernian in his man
ner of admaistering the Ka-Klux law.
While ho may decan it highly desira.
blo the provisions of this law should
be enforced throughou the Uni:ed
States previo*us to tle Presiadential
election, yet, as the people niglt
become restive if a general alieator
u.hip should be proclaimed at octe., he
is ndeavoriug to accust(oin them to
the practical workings of the uncon.
stitational and infamous law by do
grees. Ile begins with comparative
tn ild nesa in North Carolina ; lie is
preparing to execute the lIw with
More severity in South Carolinat,
while Georgia is promised the tnexL
taste of its beaitiats, albtho-tgh only
tho.1o who are working for his renon
inatioa are ale to see any necssity
for the t(i.ent af tiatal law in
eatber ot h.ts. Stv.
It rea y se, m., as if Gen. Grant
bad hte:,aeo dl xe trtn
with a pttrpto., upon the forbaearaince
of the people iVom the very 110011mett
of his ijduti )a into the Pre-idential
chair. lie haa out.aged public senti
ment by pensioninig at swt all of worth.
less anad incopialeteit relationsi upont
the Natioaul Treasury, and by bes
toviag lucrative places on tho.,e
who have give hit valuable presentas.
le has openly violnt-d law aid eus
tol in some of hias upp)ointmts, and
thei flar mre important. act o tmakinig
actual war in a weak neighviorittg
republic, not only without the cotnsenit,
but in contempt of the exprtsed will
of Congress. Ile hi.s per.nitted UtA
ted States tro.ps to be used to break
up a R:publicau Cotvention because
it refused to be controled by his own
ere-atures ; nad gaining conafidence
froua thie impunity which has thus far
attended his gross uaurpat.ions, lie
daily grows bailder in his offences
again.t the rights of the people, of
whom le atip'ears to con-iler himself
the mas er and not the kervant. A
subservient Congress Las pas. ed an
uncontmitutional law which places it
in Grant's power to proaoehim himself
a virtual dictator whenever lae sitIll
see fit to de so; and in view of the
course lae has already pursued, it is
neither unreasonable nor unfair to
assume that in needlessly enforcing
extreme provisi.mi of this law in cer
tain localities at the present time he is
endeavoingq to familiarize the public
Mind with tle undi.,puted exercise of
de.potie powers, with a view to a
more extunded assumption of such
authority leretafter if h shall find it
i6eceass'a'y to the advancement of iai
There is to doubt that irn South
Caro isa there -vill be excuses provid.
c( for t in. I itt r- (lit $ iotn the
e .-t. a r -q ir i .....t K ,
.x 1' . - i d i *t Kia.
K! x ii nra....., *si d t- s.atle
t., ( t : t tra gh t he lae aoi of his
ai r. :1" th.-y witl i.e p.r iled.
A s.tato chu ini thle Sate is ett
.te vo inag to Iff.t thel reinaval at Mr.
tJohna-.n, te Unitedl States Maarabaal,
antd tosubsticate a Mr. Huge int his
laice. IIloge has been to Washaing
ton to uirge his cladimiS personall Ionw
Ga'ranat, and Johnrston, alaramed tat this
mlovemlenat, hats been endeavot ing to
ingrataiaae lana-elf at heoadquaraters by
mi kisng whiosenle arrests of allegeli
Ku -Klux. Thec mtost petty ctae i-f
us-tat have been mnagnaified into or
L az-I comtbinatitons to overthrow thle
G.overnment of the [United Staates.
In (.amden 0one Gotss, a Deputy Col
fector of lInternal Revenue, kept a,
store in wvhich he sold beer. IHe be
camie enagegd ina an altercation with
one of hat customers in regard to tak
ing a di ak, antd the customer struck
him over the head with a small cane.
Tihe tutn who struck the bloiw and a
ieighbor who was qjuiietly looking ona,
andh who was not evetn accused of hay
ing haaO tny blaud in thae as~ault, wete
baoih l.ahld i:' $2,000t bai to tappflar tat
('.alumia ~ for trial ona a chaarge of
ca naspi rI lag aiga isa a tan offieer of' thie
Unaited Su*.tes. Eqallyh frivolous air
rests have hbeen maide int aill directions
ad, the jails arc already fill.u to
oveaflowitng with wretches arr ted
under the arbitrary provisionas of the
Ku Klux law,saome of them probably
guilty, buit miany more, according to:
the best attainable evidetioe, entirely
free from ay participation in the
crimeas of the obnoxious asaoeaiation.
TIhe organaizat ion of associat ions for
purposes of mob violenoce is utterly ini
deafentible, arid such bodies, when
proved to exist, should be summarily
suppressed. But far more crimtinal
and infinitely more dangerous to the
liberties of theo nation is the unauthor
ised legislation whieh, uinder the
pretence of correctiog a loeal evil, hias
assumed to confer despotie authority
over the whole people upon a man
whose offielal course has been obiefly
distinguisheid by persistent and un
sorupulous efforts for aseif-aggrandize
mient.-N. Y. D~oily Sun.
Several haundred persons perished
in the prairie faren in the Northwant
irrest of Citisens.
As was. not expected, the President
proclamation of the I2h, wall follow
ed five diats thereaftor by anothei
auspending the privileges of-the wri
of Aabeas corpus in certain sectious 01
Od Thursday Ist, the militar
authurition at this place commtueuce
taking arrests. Several citizens o
the town were arrested while it, th,
pursuit of their avocatious, and nan
per-,aons from the country, while ii
tOIwn on1 busirness, werO also detAijel
aud idgedl in prikoni.
A-baui the %ain hour that the at
Iests c.'.oR)mmen1cod in town, tile umili
tary begitu to move, squadrons o
c-tvalry airehing out in various di
rectiona, for tie purpove of arrentin
those in the country ainuist whom ac
cusations have been maade, for viola
tions of the "Ka-Kiux" and -En
forcemen!.' Acts oif Congress. O
Fridvay, Saturday and Sua.day, squad
of soldiers were returning at all hour
haviig ini thuir cuitody citizens of th
county, enbracing min in all sta
tions, and occasionally amongst tb
number would be found a niegro, o
whi'h clas.- Gro are now under arrest
The total number now in jAl a
this placo is 79, of whom two Pire tie
groes ; and coinfed in the militari
caap are als. three negroes-Thai
Arcber and Reuben Goins, of th<
town, and Samuel, Sitiril of the
It may be proper here to state that
very few arrests have been made aftei
night, the lurger number having beet
in the day time, and, so far as we hav,
been able to learn, no show of resis.
t-mee to authority has been naide
As may be supposed the jAil is vcr3
much crowded, in cons.:quence 01
which the prison accommodations are
being increased, by fitting the second
story of the building for that purpose,
There Li no despotsi on the part of
the offiilais in charge to treat the
prioners with harshness, and wc
have been requested by some of the
prisoners to say that there treatment
has been as kind and as mild as they
could expect. The following lit em
braces all who are confnued n 'the jail
up to the hour of our going to press :
A. I? Mn('.nnat, 3.4 % A. Oaaauw,
Win. Robinson, J. 0, Chambers, J,
Henry Wallace, J. H1. Wood, J. Piu
Herndon, J. L. Plexico, R A. Biok,
J. Pi. Warlick, Dr. J. B. Hunter, J,
S. Miller, Saniel Wood, D. 11. Car.
roll,t E. F. Bell, E. S. Ramsay, S.
J. Harvey, S. R. Ramsay, Jame
White, I H. Meiill, John White,
W. U. Wlitesides, T. A. Douglas, J.
H. Plexico j ., 0. H. M. Steele, J. ,.
Plexico, t-r , A. R. Harper, G. 1).
Hood, R. 11. Grrdner, John Raturee,
James Pressley,* James Rataree, S.
0. Brown, M inor Steele, * R. T. Rig.
gins, Win. Caldwell, R K. Soaibrn,
Lewis Ramaay, J. T. Wilkerson,Sill..
Moss, 11. A. Kell, Starnes Wylie J.
M. Sherer, Jacob B. Moore, 11. 11,
Sherer, Adolphus Smith, E T. Avery,
Wmi. Moss, Iredell Jones, Macy By
erl, W. S. May, 10. G. Latham, H. T.
May, J. M. Hambright, jr, J. P,
Gage, J. M. Ilambright, or., J. P
Wit'on1, L. M. Hrdiia, L9. A. Fieffoll,
J. H. Au,-toll, He-nry Toao,* D. M,
Stewart., R. D Gal braith, E. J. Djw
ining, Jnamues Hampton, J. M. Moss,
WV. WV. Gaffney, Harry Moss, J. WV,
Dobston, A. Knrkpatriel, Dr J. 1,
Allison, John Ramnsay,J. W. Mitch
eli, Alex A . B arrn, 8.trt O wens, W.
E. Camp, Quitiuella McClain, W.,
I lhe-c arrests have aill been made
hby the mialitary tauthaori~ies, without
formnal waarranats, and it is expected
that a p roimiuary eximainmuton of
each pd-ouea~r will be iad before the
Unite~d St.ate~e Co'mm~isioner, when, if
in thme opm ion of the 00maa nissioner,
the aevklence fails to sustain the
charge, tho pr'isoner wil be released.
In the examnination beftre the Comis
sioner, the accus~ed wil be alloiwed
counsel. The examination will be
public, and conducte~d ir the manner
of all legal proceedingsbefore a Com..
miussioneir. Attornmey-G-neral Aker
man anid D). T. Corbin, Ditrict A t
torncy of this State arehiere, and, we
arc inaforamed, will remnin unatil thes
conclusion of the invesigation. No
time has yet been fixcfor the ex
aminattion, so far as we an learn.
Of the charges of their nature
against any of thei accued we are un
abloc to give any inforiation. The
authorities are roticeentin regard to
their movements and idientione., and
we can on' y publish acts as they
transpire. deeming oojectures and
sensational paragraphe--such as will
flood many of the papes at a distante
-as quite superfluous, .nd in tendon.
ey injurious.--Yorkvill IEnquirer.
We learn that an effit Is making
to secure eminent counsl from abroad
to test, in the court wodsthe consti.
tutioniality of the indliriminate ar
rests made under the Ri Klux Act.
It Is thought due to of people that
some masterly lawyev whose voice
will reach the ear of th North, should
be employed to test ti question as
to whether there is an limit to the
military despotism setln foot in this
State-Cumba n im
Atiempt to lfatke'Jall -A Desperate Fight
s Sam White, the principal of the
ruffi.ins eangaed in tle horrible mur
, der of Mr. Fi-lea, the depot agent at
t Oakley. on the Northeadstern R ilroad
ha., since his capturo, boon confined
ins the jail, where he was comnittod
r on the cha.rgo of murder. iHis illness
I at the timo of his e stimiin it mnt, made
f it neecCeCatly to ph1ee him in the jaii
hospital along with the other patients,
and )esterday morning lie gave une
i quivueul symptois of a rapid convales.
I eencee. Abunat half-past three o'clock
in the muornsing lie got up fromn his
bed, and, everybody around being, fast
- slep, Sam a ittii.te i to elimnab up
f the chimnney. This is not built like
1comnon chimnIIaes3, but, with a view
to frustrate just sueh an attempt as
that Sam was iukiig, is constructed
-o as to allow the upward passage of
no larger body than that of a diainu
tive sweep, and is furnished with a
heavy grating at the top. The flue,
Iesides, ri-es in a serpentine course as
it were, the curves forming three
sides of a square. San got to the
irst turn, just out of sighIt, and in
r traggling to go higher, awoke the
hospital stoward, who Was bleeping in
the large apart tn .uat for the sick. The
atter imiediat.:ly gave the alarm,
aud the assistant jailor, hurri id up.
At the first.soun.1 of the alarm, San
slid down, and as the aszistant j ilor
entered he found t he grimy rufliatn at
bay in the chimney aid fightirg the
hospital steward. Being a man of
powerful frame the prisoner threaten
ed to get the bette- of his opponient,
when the assistant jdilor ordered him
to surrender, or he would sh;ojt him.
Smu replied with an oath, that "he
did not care, and would just lea.ve he
shot as hung." As he spoke lie ri.s.
ed at the assistant j tilor, who adnmn
istered to him a lueky blow upon the
head with a large stick. Saim was knock
ed down said before lie recovered his
wrists were securely fastened with
fetters. Deeming his strenagth quite
recovered, the jailor di-.charged Sam
from the hospital and he is now con
fined in 1.;fty the tower alone. The at
tempt seems to countenance the idea
that San was only ".laying pos.,un"
so as to be placed in the City Ilupital
whence 1at. e'40ap11 woo empcoted to be
A Disgtistcd Sheriff.
Sheriff P. M. Whitman, of Diau
fort County, has given notie of is it,
tention to resign early in November.
The Beaufort Republican savsi "The
cau.so which impels him to ttke this
course is the totally impoverished c ,n
dition of the County-his inability to
get any cheeks for services performed
for at least six months to come, and] if
he had them, they would not bring one.
half the value s.ated, and in frder to
carry on the oflica is a perpetual
drain u,1on one 's private purse.
There is neither honor nor profit in
such positionp. There is probably no
county in the State so shabbily treat.
ed as Beaufort County-the rates of
taxation being three miles for the
county, and seven for the State,
the last of which goes towards the
mnaintenance of a thievinag lot of legis
lators, and to support as rottten and
villanous an administration as was
ever shone upon by the noon-day sun.
We congratulate Mr. Whlitmnan that
he id no longer identihled with this
class of cormorants, iad welcome lhim
back to peaceful p~ursuitS, and the
paths of thme upright."
The Commissioner of Internal Rev
enue has ruled that a leaf tobac
ce) dealer may buy and sell unmlanu
fact ured tobacco Mtems, but lhe hams nao
authiority to buy and sell refuso scraps
anad sweepings of tobacco in bulk and
unsttatmned. Tfhey are liable to a
tax of sixteen cenats per liound, and
when founad upon the amarket un
stamped should be seized and piro
ceeded agiainst for forfeiture. A ci.
gar mauufacturer c~tanut be allowed
to soll his scraps and sweepings to a
dealer in leaf tobacco, in , bulk and(
unstamnped, nor eana such dealer be
allowed to sell themn in bulk and un,
The Rhse in Coffee.
The recent extraordinary risc in
the .price of coffee has produced
nmuch disoussiona ini eomm~erci, d cir.
eles. The price of good Itio in cargo
for intaince has within a few weeks ad.
vaneed from 114 cents to nearly 17
cents per pounmd, gold. Other do
ecriptions of coffee have risen nearly as
miuch. It is statedl that thaere are at
present out forty odd thous:and bags
of coffee firot hiand in the United
Statesi, and some of the large dealers
are ordering cargoes from Europe.
When the tariff was reduced on coffee,
tea, and sugar, a year ago, there was
almost immediate decline in the price
of those articles, but the short c/op of
coffee has influenced the present rise
in that "necessity."
The Wilmington, Columbia and
Augusta railroad has been completed
from Sumter to Columabia, thins giving
a thorough and dlireet cott muicatior'
by rail between Wilmington, N. C.,
andi .Aunusta. (Ia2
B"at1I16 of the In Klux Law
A case whibb has just occurred in
Mississippi affordh a curious Illustta
tion of the way in which Ku-Klux
outrages can he manufactured, and
also of the Iniquitous manner in
which ignorant or corrupt officials
niay misuse the power which parti.
sau legislation has conferred upon
them. In Nodhoba county two dames
named Robertson and Barfield bad a
disputo regarding the possession of
certain artioles of apparel. During
the discussion one of the ladies
dropped the brush wherewith she
was wont to perform the delicate
opetation of "dipping ;" aind when
she stopped to pink up that indispen
sable article, her opponent basely
took advantage of her attitude to
pitch Into her, to her great personal
inconvenience. A suit before a Jus
tice for assault followed, in the course
of which fifteen neighbord swore that
Mrs Barfield's character for truth
and verioity was go bad that they
would not believe her under oath.
Enraged at this, Mrs. Barfield went
with her complaints to the United
States Cominissioner Simon Jones,
who issued a warrant of ariest
against the fifteen witnesses on the
charge that they. had "banded to
gether for the purpose of preventing
one Sarah Barfield from obtaining
her rights by oivil law, and for the
purpose of breaking up the Federal
Goverbment." United States troops
were called upon to make these ar
rests, and the fifteen citizens were no
tually marched from their homes
under military guard to Jackson,
where they were thrown into jail to
await trial for a high-handed attempt
to overthrow the Government of the
United State I
It wili be seen how easy it easy it
is to find a pretext for making ar
rests under the Ku Klux law. It is not
necessary for a person to commit a
crime or even a misiemeanor in order
to find himself in prison on accusation
which may or may not be pressed
against him. And what Is now do
ing in the South may yet be done in
the North under the provisions of
the same law, which authorizes Grant
to proclaim himself an absolute die.
tator at his own discretion whenever
and wheresoever within the United
States he may see fit to do so. la
fact, there is nothing to prYent our
ambitious President from hereafter
instituting the same arbitrary meas.
uros against men who may be sus
pected of belonging to Greeley clubs
that are now conducted with his sane.
tion against those who, with or with.
out reason, are accused of affiliation
with the K.Klux.-New York San.
a Epidemic of Disasters.
Our telegraphic columns for the
last week or more have been nearly a
continuous chronicle of calamities and
disasters, and the record to-day is al.
most as fearful as that of any of its
predecessors, Fire, air, earth and
water som to have risen in vengeance
on the human race. "We have sup.
pd full of borrots," ann have grown
familiar with almost ever form of oaf.
From Chicago the news Is rather
reassuring. Dead bodies, it isnstated,
are continually found, but the supply
of food is said to be ample, and a
heavy fall of rain prevented the re
newal of the are, which was rendered
probable on Saturday by a furious
gale .whici -satee the burning
brandsuin every directio6,, while the
advices, so far as business p rospects
are concerned, are decidedly more
On the other hand the news from
other localities in the Northwest and
elbewhere is terrible to comtem plate.
Oue-third the population of Peshtego
is reported to have perished, in
Utah a fierce storm on Saturday night,
in Salt Lake City, prostrated houses
and telegraph wires, and did other
damage. In Concord, New Hiamup
shire, there was an earthquake yester.
day mornieg. At Halifax, Nova
Bcotia, a heavy hurriaano prevailed
Saturday evening, cau..ing the loss
of poverty and of several l ives. In
China terrible typhoons have ravish
ed the coast ;a great flood has laid
ten thoussnd square miles under wa.
ter, and the city of Hong Kong i
threatend with ibund atton. At Motf
golia the rinderpest, has made its ap
pearanee. Syraouse, New York, had
seven fires Saturday night. At Mon
treal on 8ntiday a terrfic galcl did
serious damage to life and property,
and startled the people from their
prayers at Church.
The numbher of 'miarite disasters is
also unusually grekt. A collision of
two steamers on the Ty ne cansed the
death of five, persons ; thej ilot b,6at
Golden Gate was lost In the China
steom, and the United States steamer
Colorado has struck upon a rock in the
harbor-of Ban Frmnoirco.
Truly there sebuis to' he an "epi
demio of disasters."
Lats from York.
We learn that .thee ladie~s isn York
have been arrested and put. ini priu.n,
on the charge ofatiding and abeling the
"Kui Klux.' It seems that tho war
onl thei woe has boguni. Shall we
hear next of the. arrest of childaeo ?
C'olum bin A~eni.
Martial Law in Politics.
It is just as Sanator Trumbull said
it would be ; when the outrageous Ku
Klux law was passed, and precisely
aint Curl Schurz denounced in the
:enatc now apppears as its first fruit.
It is nothing to Senator Scott, and
tar less to President ' Grant, that
United States officials and the highest
local magistrates in the doomed dis
tiet have united in a solemn denial
of each and every one of the charges
brought against the people of that
portion of South Carolina ; an urgent
party necessity lay behind, and an
imperious Chief Magistrate sfood
reudy to execute whatever decree
might be deomed most effective to
it. If this outrage can be committed
upon the people of one district of the
country, it can upon those of another.
There is no State not liable at any
moment to invasions by Federal
troops at the Prosident's individual
command. Pretexts are not consid
ered of sufficient importance to be
even made conbistent with themselves.
The whole thing is arbitrary and
high-handed. It is absolutism in a
country nominally free. It is, done
by the man who hypocrit ically st'arted
the campaign cry-'Let us have
Peace." Can any one longer wonder
that fraternal feelings are not restored
more rapidly between the two sec
tions, wben wrongs of such a ebarac
acter are committed without a pro
Why do these proclamations come
Ilike thunder out of a clear sky ?
Where are the reports of d isturb
ances which could alone justify such
extreme measures ? South Carolina
has been as qiet as New Jersey for
months past., and yet we are now to
believe that nothing but the use of
troops and proclamation of martial
lavw c.in meet her case. There are
some to whom we particularly com
mend a consideration of this action of
the administration. They are the
tepublicans in the great States who
have lately carried those States.
The victories have brought forth these
proclamations. Little as they were
meant to convey such a meaning,
Grant takes them to signify such an
iproval of his readiness to exalt. the
work aiove the law as wilt bear him
out in any further exhibitions there
of. Had Ohio and Pennsylvania
gone Democratic he would not have
dared issue these unwarranted and
desipotio proclamations, but they
went Republican, and the proolama
tiuns are his construction of the
meaning to be attacbed thereto.
New Y)rk W1orld.
President Grant's Speech.
President Grant, during his fro
(1ient tours through the country, has
u.ually been very brief in his
acknowleJgcments of courtesies offer
ed him by municipal authoriftfand
other bodie. . Oce.sionally, however,
at iiportant points, lie gives his im
agination wings and indulges in
flights of eloquence. At Augusta,
Me., the other day, the fact that he
uns in the capital of the State spur.
red our Chief Magistrate to extraor
diiary effort, and the result was one
of the wost elborate and eloquent
Ppeeches that have yet fallen from
the l'resident's lips. Here it is ver
"My friends, 1 had a v'ery pleasant
rception en my visit to your State
and city six years ago, which I have
nsever forgotten. I was convinced
by the memory of the reception I
then received that I should have an
equally pleasant reception on the pres
ent Occasion, and I nam not disap-.
pointed. I thank you for your kind.
ness, anud hope to meet you again."
I. this style of thing tihe result of
profonund policy ? D)oes he make such
speeches because he wishes to conceal
real purposes and ideas? Or Is it
bea use he really has no ideas to de
clare that lie does not declare any ?
Dr. Greeley said the other day that
"we want a pman for president who,
when called upon for an expression
of his views on political and and other
subijets of national interests, can give
thiem in clear, comprehensive Ilan
guage. That's the kind of man,"
continued Dr. Greeley, "the people
wanlt, and that's the kind of man we
haven't got now."-New York Bun.
On the Chesapeako and Ohio rail
road, says Mr. Charles Nordhioff, in
his last letter to the Tribune, east of
Lewis tunnel, these State prison
birds are just completing a mnonsper
embankment, which stretches across
a great gap, in the mountains. Tkhis
banik is already 170 feet high, and is
to be raised 18 feet higher. .I16is ,
200 feet long, and the engipoeg -told
mec that it was already the heaviest.
embank ment in the world. Lick Run
embankment, some miles east of Jer
ry's run, is another surprising piece,
of work, which is nearly completed.
It is 165 feet high, 1,800 feet long.
Somebody started the report the
other day that Chicago was set on fire
by the "rebels." It wouldn't surprise
us muchno if the young man who was
milking the cow that kicked over
the lamp that set the barn on fire
should turn out to have been a Ma.
jor-General in the Cnnfh.e s-.