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Desportes & Williams, Io ritors] A Family Paper, D6Voted 'to Sci6nc A ttand Literature. [Terms---$3.00 per Annum, In Advano
VOL. VIIJ WINNSBORO' S. C., V8DE:NESDAY MOiNING, NOVEMBER 8, 1871. [NO.21
Is (UntLS1IKI) wEVicr.Y nY
. ESPOIRTS & WILLIAMS,
.Terms.-Tn HERALD Is published Weeka
.in (Ith Town of Winlnamoro, at 63.00,in
areaxbry in advance.
SW- All transiont advertisements to be
id in advance.
Obituary Notices and Tribites $1.00 por
. uar e.
- avwa gmmemme e-A'..z-v ma
Eva or the Mason's Daughter.
Faster and fatuer spread the flames,
and now the ship wal enveloped in a
fiery sheet. Men and women rushed
madly over the bide to see a quiuker
but less painful death. The boats,
with one exception, bad been over
loaded and capsized. There were
hasty prayers, and heart-rending cries
of miiery and distress. )eath hov
cred, vulture like, over his victimas;
soei clung desperately to the vessel's
side, some supporting themselves in
the water by articles snatched hastily
from the burning ship, and with
which they had leaped widly into the
sea. 'I lie Captain sang through his
trumpet, "take beart, and sustain
yourself as long as possible. A ship
is coming to our relief."
James Durant stood upon the a!.
most deserted deck, with his only
child, but four years of age, folded
closely in his aris. His eyes swept
the horizou in tearch of the ship
to whih ;1 the Oaptai'i ha I allu
ded. Ie discover.d it at length, but it
was at least four mils t.ff. Before
the ship could airive, they nust be
burned to death ; or, if lie sprang as
others did down iuto the water,
both he and the child would be
drowned, f.,r he was n1ot a swimmer.
The littie arms were twined a bout
bli. neck, the pale cheek rece . coa.
fidingly aig..in .-. his own, but the brave
child did iot tremble.
i'0, my God, is there no h ,Ip"
tri- d the de.sa.ziris g Ei.ther, 2., t he
fl:snies awe pt iearer, anil he felt th a
hi parecnt. po-ition could lie la 6 id bt
a lin io lo):.ger.
" L r., i v-C tlho chil to meI, aind I
Will stv-!e ei," and ituninig qmekly
Mr D) . nt stoil face to f:.ee wi'th ;&
str.oger who hild a qife preserve: in
"Quick ! tht-re is no time to be lo.t.
The child can have imy live pl oserver,
and it will flo t hiet eatily. Yonder
is another hip ; I Iiavi been watlinig
it tot the ta. five mintes L vi.l
reach uli., in l ilt ao 1-os' - ih - most.
NOWt e, - ii,. J.iatj ts'e ~
a.r id 1?"
iee your father agato ; his do n t
fear God will guard yn, and som.
body will Iind you awd care ftor .-i).
If you never see pap, ;.ain. re ie
ber ht is in heavc.in with i. ama.''
"Has she no relatives ?1" akced the
"None in this country ; I am
from England and am travelingfor
"'fake that pin froto your bosom
aind fasten it to her clothing."
'Heaven help you for the thought,"
said the father ; and in a moment the
square and compass was glistening
in the bosomi of the child and the
stranger took hier from her father's
arms, saying :"I am stronger thla
yonu; she must be east beyond the
reach of these poor drowned wretches
or they will rob her of her life preser
The white d ra pery fluttered through
the air, and sank below the waves
then risinig it floated lightly upon the'
James turned to the stranger with
"May God bless and preserve you
noblest of men. But you and myself
must be lost."
"No ; I am a good swimmer, and
here is a piece of board with which
you can sustain yourself till relief ar
The father east another glance at
the white speck floating rapidly away
and with an inward '"God preserve
her I" sprang into the sea followed by
the str'anger ; but the two iRoated in
differerut direetions and they saw
each other no more.
Two hours later James Durant
awoke, as from the sleep of dea th,
and found himsself in the cabin of' a
a range, ship, with kind and symnpi
thiising faces all around hlim. In a
moment he realized all that had pass
ed, and said eagerly, though feebly,
"My child, my little Eva, is she
There was nao response, and a low
moan escaped the fathiet's lips.
'Courage, sir." said a lad3 with
tearful uiyes, "some palssengers were
saved by another ship."~
The father's countenance lighted,
"Gad grant that she may be saved 1"
M~r. Durant recovered his usual
strength in a few bours, and sought
among the saved for the stranger who
had proven himself so true a Masonio
brother, but he was not be found.
"lHe must be on the other ship,"
said Mr. Durant, "aid, he will care
Both ships were at port in New
York the following day, but although
Mr. Durant found the stranger, who
befricined him, and who proved to be
a Mr. Wjadsw orth, froin a Southern
city, Eva ha1d been seen by no one,
I and was. given up as lost.
"HIere, wife, is a Ohild that ha9
Ijust been washed upo4n the beach.
iShe is now cold and stiff, but is not
dead. Lot us have some warai fhn.
nels immediately, and tell Thomas to
run for Dr. Hunt."
It was long before the quivering
lashes and feeble fluttering of the
heart gave token that success would
crown the efforts of Eva's rescuers ;
but .by and by the lids parted, and
revealed two largo liquid sky-blue
eyes, that wandered from face to face
in a bowildered way, and then closed
"I fear she will not recover very
rapidly," said the Dr. "She has
delicate constitution and will require
the best of care."
"Poor child," said Mrs. Turner, "I
do not wonder she is nearly dead,
but who can she be I Some ton ible
accident must have occurred at sea."
"You had botter xalmine her cloth.
ing," said the Dr. ; perhaps you may
find sone clue to her relations."
Mrs. Turner lifted the gossamer
white dress and turned it over and
over. The square and compass plac
ed by Mr. Durant flashed upon tile
eyes of all at once. The Dr. and
Mrs. Turner looked at each other, but
neither spoke, and Mrs. Turner did
not notice the tear that glistened in
her husband's eyes.
The doctor's fears that Eva would
not recover rapidly, proved to be well
fouinded ; days and weeks of lever
ucceeded the awakening to life
during which she talked iieohereintly
ot "pupa" and "poor dead nnm-,"
cAnd of the "'barining ,hip,11 and of
"huliiger." She finally awoke to eon
meiotushems, and asked many question.
as to helrv she eanie in that i: ik
rfuom, an0d who were thooe wit.,ttn
:d hier, but D. hint lorb-ade ier
being qlue.-tioned unt il .be was st omg
Hlow interested were fall in the een
valesce'nt, whom the elements had onst
iit'o the little sea board town ! The
ladies dechired that never uefore did
it child possess such lovely eyes, or
such beautIiful cutls ; while the gen
tlejen scenied not less iiiiei ested, and
Iroig lih ti gills of 4:1 erythingi 11,t.
".\ly dealr ltmea girl," S.Ad D..
I.e w*. Ev: was at length able to
riE , w u (il uT.: your
i ii .w . .oor namlie is Evai but
-,aint to know lie res: ol' our naic
'livi lhu .\I. Duraunt i- my
till w Ai ant you to tell iie
all you (-.an remember about' vur
f 5he 1ad mnother."
Eva's eyes filled with tears. "Oh,
sir, my tall, died and went to live
wvith the anels. And .I do not. know
I where father is. He said it I never
saw himti agalin I muiist. know lie htad
gone to mama."
"Whlere were you wheni lhe told you
"On the ship; and oh, the fire burn
edm o;atid papa held mein Is
arma until a strange man took mne and
tied something under my arms, and
threw me into the water, and I have
not seeti papa since. 0, sir, can you
tell ime where lie Is ?''
I"No dear child ; hut perhaps we
nmay yet find him."
And this was all that Eva's new
friend could discover. It was plain
that she had come from the ship
wthich had been burned a few weeks
before ; that she had been cast upon
the sea and had float ed upon the shoere,
but where was her father '1 Had he
been saved ; and was lhe searclbing for
his child I Every possible effort was
now made to finid him. The circum
stances of the case, with the statement
of the child, were published~ fully in
the newspapers of the neighboring
cities ; but the grief-stricken father,
believing his child to L.e lost, bad
sailed a week beforetfor Europe, and
it soon bedatme evident in the minds
of Eva's proteetors, that ho had psr.
ished. But the little one still prat
tled about her ''papa," and said he
would comn by..nd by, and those who
believed differe utly would not pain
her by contradiotioni.
TJhe square and compas. that had
been found upon her clothing was ro.
garded as a powerful appeal from a
Mason ho his brethren to care for his
child. So it came pass that Eva be
eame as it were, the special charge of
liriam Lodge. No 93. Mr. Turner
would gladly have taken entire
care of the little waif, and the wealthy
Senaitor W--requeated to be allowed
to adlopt her as his daughter, but the
Brethlren ini Lodge assemlbled, declari
ed by vote that Eva should he reared,
edueated and protected by the Lodge
and that as Providence had plaeed
her ln Brother Turner's house that
should be her home.
A nd o the years w.ent. y,n v..
became a healthy, joyous .ohild, flit
ting there and there, nnd -everywhere
meeting the warimost of wuommes.
The Masonie 1l.011 was but a w reds
from M r. Turrer's residence, and EN-a
oftin wont with him as far as the
door, a nd then retiried alone, ahvay
bidditi tho Tiler. "tak good eare of
Pa Turier aind rand him home early.
The six years tihat ftllowe(d the
douttlh of is wifo aid the loss tof his
child, passed worily to James Du
rant, lie visited nearly eveiy coun.
try in the Old World, seeking a;iong
coteies of beauty atnd grandeur as wol
as historie intereat for the tinntal
rest that could never be found. Ouce
more lie turned his steps towards
America anl sought his Mas mio
friend, Mr. \Vadsworth. Finding
that gentlemen about setting out,
with his fanily oi a journey to the
Atlantic coast., Mr. Datant accepted
the invitation to accomepany them
to Saratoga, and Niagara, then to
-New York, where, leaving the ladies
Mr. Ward.-wortli and "Mr. Durant
wandered from town to town along
the coast, enjoying the beauty of
the sceonery atLd the quiet hospittli y
that greeted them, more than iowd.
ed hotels and the fashionable ,tyles
of the popular w:itering places. Fan
cy and the kind hand tf Providence
at length led them to the little town
of B- , and the second evening af
ter their arival they visited the Ma
sonic Lodge. A warm welcome was
extended to these Brethren from such
distant homes, and bofth were invited
to address the Lodg-. Mr. Duraut said :
"Brethren : I have traveled much
and long. I havO found Masefmic
sympathy iII every part of the globe,
and everywhere is masonry substan.
tially the same. I can hardly tell
whero I reside. The world seems to be
mly hoime, as lremain but, a shirt time
in any townr 01' CounItry, but Iiy name1110
i4 ecorded in ;in E iglish L dge. I
l:,vei my E-ghs bre hren, for they
fir- brouh Iei' froo "th:kniess to
light" .It'd I love E.glish soil, for
wii rio it ..heps the wifte f 4 my youth.
lBui I love A mireni soil for he
have I found ..he warmet wele.mes,
t he himl o b: (ithren. And, too,
My ow: chiii is Aieuping in American
watur, even benieath the very waves
that wash (hI. shores of your beauti
"'Six *eairs have passed since this
depr friend and brother rubbed him
self of his life-preserver that my lit.
tie Eva might perhaps esalap., 1nd
we hoped tie eluoments might .e kind
anld that Hleaven would scld her re.
licet; hnt she was never heard of
The voice of Mr. Darant was quiver
ing wit h emotion, and unable to speak
further, lie seated himself.
Glances of surprise and pleasure
were cue~t from one to another among
the breti.ren of Ilirun L.dge. No
tine spoke, however, but all eyes
turned upon the Master. Mr. Turteer.
For a moment he seemed reflecting ;
theni,4 ta-1king0 a1 slip of pper fromu the
Secret arl, lhe wrote
"Mrs. Turner-Do not allow Evl
to retire until I return home. I a(1
going to bring a strialnIge gentlemiani
who wi-lies to See her."' Aid calling
the Junitor Deacon gave him thlte note,
sayirng in a low voice, "'Take this to
Mrs. TIurner immtiediately."'
"WVhy, Fvae," said .Mrs Turner,
when she bad read the miessaige, "you
are to have compahny. A genitlema~tn
at the lodge-roomo wishes to see you."
"W\ho can it be ?"
Eva looked perpjlexeod antd thought
ful ; sudidenily her ohecks flushed,
her eyes brightened arid clapping her
little hands, she sprang to lier feet
and exclaimed :"Oh, it must be
papa I no one else would wish to see
me ;no one in the world ;" and before
Mrs. Turner comprehended the child's
inter-pretation, she had passed the
thireshold, arid was flitting through the
moonlight toward the lodge roomt.
The Tiler looked amnazed when Evan
burst into the ante room, her checeks
burniing, her eyes flashing with joy
and exe'tement. "Do not stop min!
I am going ina !" she exelaimred. But
tihe inner doer was fastened, and the
imipatienit Eva crioed withl vexation.
"Wait a moment" said the Tyler,
who hiaving heard nothing of what had
transpired within, was at a loss to
accoulet for the strange conduct of the
child "wait i. momnent and I will
son.l youtr requecst to Mr. Tlurner."
"1 shall not wait ; I do not want to
see Mr. Turner; I wont to see rmy
"Thie child is crazy, that is evi
dent," siiid the perjelexed T1iler to
himself ; but, callirne ont the deacon
be bade him say that Eva was there
and determined to got into the lodge
Thle deacon went to the East and
delivered his message in a low tone,
and a moment afterwards moved "the
craift be called from labor to refresh
"No~w, said Mre. Turner "'tell the
Tiler rto let her come1 inl."
And Eva did( come in, or rather
bounded into the hali, mere beautiful
in liar exeitement thanr ever before.
She advanced t~o the centre of the
room and stbodb besi do the altar ; half
poised upon one tiny foot she scann
ed rapidly the faces of all. m.r
.engg eye1sgotii). ,etps1ed t besgrs
wh1o wor.o d0 . l . e ch ther,
ad l for' i inOIetitt sie spoumd irreso
luto, tlitisdurting foriwuid with a glAd
cry' Mie threw :iar arms obhat the
neck of Mr., Durant,,orying,.;"Oh,
pap4 ! my d1ear ,ptppn!Pvoy. tlyye equie+,
at is !ou wre not burned in tile
We wilHV hot attoinpt to P).int the
scene farther,. ,bt w ave, our
readers to imagine the joy of the found
father, and also le.ve t ~om to decide
I whether the t1urs that wit tkhc cheeks
of the ireth'ren of Hlira:W Lldge we'e
c;used byjujmpathy wvith' the hiapp.i.
I ness of their. little .a learge, -or grier
tbat.they should lose Oho whom they
'111 ECOTTON DIPARTMENT.
Meeting of the Southern Delegation
THE PREMItUM nALE M1. M'8l5AN
The great feature of the Fair was
the cotton department, and as many
rejresentatives of the planters' inter.
eats were present, and deeply intereat
ed in the awards, it Is important to
know wltat their viewA are regarding
the result, and their opinion of the
The chair stated the object of the
ileetIng was to make a suitable ex
pression of the obligations due to the
Fair association and the people of
St. L miis for the hospitulities exton
ded to them.
A recess was taken, and on the re
turn of the committee the meeting
was called to order and the folowio
resolutions were reported and unansii
nmously adopted :
Resolved thalt for ourselvts indivi-l.
ually, and in behalf of the people of
the cotton growing states whom we
represent, we tender to the St. L->uis
IA:ir Association and the inerehants
of St. Louis our grateful acknowledge.
ments for the muniflcent encourage
ment extended by them to the promo.
tion of tile great staple of the South.
Reolred thnt the award of $10,000
cotton premittins I.S an act (of liberali
ty unparnlled in the history of Ameri.
can fairs, and we hail it as ant evi.
dence of a just appreci-ition N'. the
part of the people of ?t. Louis of the
umportance of more intim tte bu-iness
and cor nicia' relations between the
West and South.
Re.solvcd that wo cordially tender
mur warmest thainks to tihe Fair asso
intion an(] the people of St. Lonis
e nerally for their unbounded hospi
tality arii unremittingtitsentions with
wieh the representatives of the South
have been the recipients during our
sojourn in their beautiful and gruinig
Resolred that our thanks are espe.
eially due, and are hereby cordi lly
tendered to Miles Sells, Eq., chair.
man of the Cotton assoointion and the
other, officers and managers of the
Cotton association for the fairne's
with which the cotton department ha!
been conducted and their unremitting
attention and whole-souled hospi.
lesolved that the we carry with us
to our Southern homes a most grate.
ful arnd pleasiag recollection of our
prorent visit to St. Lous, and trust
the day not far distant when the West
and tho South shall be commrsercially,
socially and politically one and in
T H E PR EMI1(t 134At,..
Th'lrouighout the day .hundreds of
visitors called sat cotton headquarters
to get a specimen of the premium cot
ton. As the premium bal's has been
donated by Mr. MoShan, to the wid
owSstand orphianis. it is probable that
sntch of the cotton carried away as
speutmens, wats taken from other bales
and palmed off astheo genuine cottons.
Next in interest after the bale of
cotton which carried off the sweep
stakes, was the lucky gentleumin, Mr.
B. McShsau of Lee county, Mississip
p1, thle producer. W~hat he said umay
be condensed into thte following state
mnent, which is nearly verbatim.
55IR. St'Hit A N's sT A TEI EPNr.
I take the first premitnm for the
best bale raised in Missisippi of $500
then the premriusm for the third bcst ;
Ed. Me~ehie, the atrongest comipeti.
tor 1 dreaded, getting the rocond
pretmium. I grot the aweepstaktes of
$1,000 as against all the ten dom
peting States, I had three tales this
year on exhibition, butt one was de
feated on aceount of being inpropor
ly entored at, the St. Loui4 ih'ir, the
contest being general Sevees suits
were made for myself and family out,
of thte cotton by the New 1irunswick,
New Jersoy, Hosiery comapany, as
complimentary of.our industry, enter.
pr-ise and energy. A .female and
sioalo -suit is en exhibiti'on , core,
manufactured out of my pteium
bale of cotton, mtixed with ipe mern
tt6 wool. Themogoodq wos.e p resepted
by thte tsnanufacturor threu gh Mears.
Syryook & Rowland. The proniiumw
'"ale 1 have presented to the Widowsd
anid Orphans' Home through Shryock
& Rowland. It has brought me
within a fraction of $4 per ppmasd.
Its ordinary market value woula be
betwooh 25 and 80 ens pir pound.
My son, Win. 8. MoShan, was offer.
ed. after the premiu. .... .add
$100 for the lale. ' It weighed 408
It is an improved cottnn,1from what.
is tieiil. the "Old Pettigulf seed,"
no 4iaued from, a point below Vieks
burg, aud took itst name from being
thei-e irdt int rodnced. It is the
Most cOitodaly plaInted eottonl of the
country. - A- a general thing it has
vo.ry wueh deteriorated, it being
mixed up with other varieties.
Sincothe war, in picking ejtton my
son di covel ed that theret was a great,
diffe i nee In the text ure ofthe lint, and
in picking, he made a seloction from
the hoictSt stalki and blIas. For
the pa4t six years 1he repeated the
satme p.roce+, and has succeeded in
ubtaiuing a choice variety. Three
years this fall we took it itn oar heads
to cxhibi .-our cotton at the fuiss.
The first premium we obtained at
Memphis, of $300. onl a fine bale en
try. The next soason, 1870, we
made a one-bale eutry at St. 1i1uis,
and took the first premiun of $500;
also the sweeptntakcs of $1,000, and
with one other bil at the Mississip
pi State fair at Jackson, we
carried of the fir.t premium of $150
I now enter three bale< ; on one I
get the state premium of $500, and
the genieral s vee psta kes of $1,000.
On the second b.le I get a premium
of $1,000, making in all $7,600 at
The merit of the cotton depends
on its fineness ind bilky texture. It is a
hard discrimination to mAke between
Jong and short staples, if raised ont
upland, because if well cultivated the
length andl strength is imnprovel by
good culture and manuring. W hen
I first commenced experimcntiug in
the Imatter, and preparing cotton for
Fairs, miy principal object was to in
duee others to produce cotton if a bet.
ter q'iality, believing that it would be
nore remuneraiite to tle planters to
produce and make a better quality of
cotton than un.ier out old system tof
labor, which has been changed, a
great deal being tnmde by white labor,
they being better capa'ble of hand.
ling it than under slave labor. In
answer to a (Itery, Mr. NiShan said
lie served ni10ne montIs in tIt( State
lilitia during the war, under .Maij.
George of the Confederate army.
Ile said that while the negroes
were slaves there was sone prfit, ill
their labor, out since they were tuarn.
ed loose there is na profit. I consider,
lie said, free negroes a (lead weig;hat
and incubus on the indu.stry ef the
country. I wiqh that they hIi:l a
colony and turned to cannibals.
You may employ negroes, but when
they get their bellie4 filled they go
up town, louk at the railr ad ears,
and d-n't look one day aleiad. I had
$6,000 in slave labor before the war
Lut by emancipation my estate was
reduced one half.
I now employ white labor. I have
to pay a white nan more th in a ie
gro, but le is more reliable. But it
costs more considering that you have
to hoard the white.. It costs from
33 to 50 per cent. more. We have
to pay them higher wages. The ne.
gro, when a slave, got a great deal
better fare than now ; was housed,
clothed and doctored much better
thtan thtey are capable of duintg thtem,.
There is now a gre-it tmore mortali
ty among youtng negroes than wh'len
thtey were slaves. riTey htave, as a
general thintg, no physician to look
after thtemt unless vouchted for by their
emtployetr. A bout tre. pa ag.
I haid anegro faiiiy on my place.
I gave thiem a piceu of land, :- ae
half they taised. Well, if I h-al nc.
paid the strictest attetttion to them,
thtey would not have earned their.
food Since then I have nou dread of
thte lash, It is thte ntext tihing to an
impossitbility to get them to work
Saturdays, as thtey wattt two Sundays,
to hountge ab~out the depot and see
Trhere is an idea anmong our plan
ters to cultivate a smaller area, and
cultivate it better. It takes mnuch
lees stock, lees seed, and theo product
is mucht better. There is a saving
in fencing, in thte interest on thec ini.
vestment in lantd, and a great saiving
Thte frankness of Mr. MoShan was
admired by those who listened to his
off-hasnd qtatemnent.-St. Louis (M1o.)
Than following paragraph from the
World, shows how little respect Conk.
ling~ ad Murphy pay to the Phtiloso.
pliers warnings and entreaities:
In one Uiidical Senatori.il (onivei.
tion of thtis State it was charged byv a
promiinent;Republican presernt thlatono
of the candidates for Senator had ro
elived $30,000 for his vote while in
the Senate. T.Lhe., measure, date an
aut which he: received on each
idere gIven, but In. the face of these
facts he was bomlnated because Col
leetor Murphy antd Conkling said he
was sound for themt. Such is Radi
eal htonesty put into praotioe.
A woman, who has been reading
int the papers that Sunday marriages
are illegal, writes to the papers to
know how it is with a baby born on
Sunday ? If so, which should be
punisbed. the father, the mother, or
the baby ?
The Disnstrous Conflngraillons of Alod
Norfolk, Virginia, was dostroyed
by tire cannon, January 1. 177(i.
Property to the amount of $1,500,000
Soon after New York passed into
the hands of lie British, September
20. 1776, 500 buildings were consun
ed by fire.
In 1811, December 26, the theatre
at Richmond was burned, in which the
Governor mid many leadinga citizens
Six hundred warehouses, and pro
perty to the amount of $20,000,000,
were destroyed by fire in New York,
December 16, 1785.
April 27, 1838, in Charleston, S.
C., 1158 buildings were consumed,
coverinng 145 acres of ground.
A pril 10, 1845, in Pittsburg, 1000
buildings were destroyed by fire.
Fifteen itindred buildings were
burned in Quebec, May 28, 18415,and
in less than a month afterwards,
1300 moro ; in all two thirds of the
July 19, 1845, in New York city,
302 stores and dwellings mind $G,.
000,000 worth of property were con
June 12, 1846, the whole town of
Newfoundland was destroyed by fire,
and 6,000 persons rendered home
I C .q.
September 9, 18-18, in Albany,
600 buildings, besides steamboats,
piers, &a. : 24 acres burned over ; lois,
St. Louis lost 15 blocks and 23
steamboats by fire, MAay, 17, 1819.
July 9, 1850 in Phiiadelphia, 350
buildings were lost by lire, 25 persons
burned, 9 drowned and 120 wounded
In San Francisco, May 3 to 5, 1851,
2,500 buildings were biuriedl. Many
lives lost, and *3,500,000 worth of
December 25, 1852; 35,000 vol.
unies were destroyed by flio in our
July 12, 1852, 1,200 houses were
burned in Montreal.
. August 25, 1851. Danmriscotta,
MAainle, was entirely destroyed by lire.
Ui.C same day tamore than 100 houses
in Troy, N. Y., and a large pa,;rt i.n of
October 9, 1857, a great fire occur
red in Chicago ; $600,000 in property
July 4, 185, the city of Portland,
Me., was nearly destroyed by fire ;
ten thousand peoplo rendered home
les ; loss $15,000,000.
February 17, he, iho city of
Charleston was alimost destroyed hv
fire, aid great quantities of military
41and iaval stores.
Ti1:: G R.A\T FIR. IN .ON DON.
This great fire whoso ruins covered
436 acres,extenelod from the Tower
to the Teiple chureb, and from the
northeast gate to Ilolborn bridge.
It destroyed in the space of four days
89 churches, the city gates, the Roy
al Exchange, the customhouse, G nild
hull, Sion College, and many other
public buildings besides 13,200 houses
laying waste 400 streets. Over 200,.
000 peopm~le camped out after the fire
in [slington and hlighagate.
C.meaorn ing thais fire Sir Charisto,
phier WVren built a monumntt with
this inscr iption thereon:
"Th'lis pillar was set up in perpe
tual remembrance of that most dread
ful burning of this Protestant city,
begair. and carried on by ye treachery
andt- malice of ye P'opiah factioni, in
ya be.ginning of September, in ye
year of our Lordl, lO66;, in order to yo
enrrying on their horrid plot for ex,
tirpating ye P'rotestant religion an
old E0nglish liberty, anad ye initrodu
cing Popery and slavery."
TIhis inscription was fiunlly erased
b'y order of the conmnon council Jan.
TIhe church of the Campania, San
tiago, was burned Deccemnber 8, 1863
and 2000 persons perished ini the
It will be seen from thme above re
cord that thme conflagration in Chicago
is the largest which has taken place
in the world sine thme great fire in
London in 1666.
The Arrest of Women In York,
The Union, upon the authority of
a "gentlemian fromi Yokil, denies
the statement made by us that three
women had been arrested in York.
All we have to siy is, to give thme
socaeo of our informat ion. This was
upona the authority of a letter received
hero b~y a gentleman of the highest
character from hia brother, who stands
equally high in York. Itf thme state
ment is erroneous, we shall be pleased
to know it, for the situation in York
nieeds nao embellishmaent. We ob
verve that the notorions Mr. A. 8.
Wallace, R adical member of Congress
is here. If the Union's denial of
our statement as made upon his au
thority, andi ho "the gintheman from
Yorkville then we tell the Union
plainly that there are two sides to
any statement madne by him about
"the situation at Yorkvilhe." As the
prime mrnover in the trouble brought
upion the white people of York, ho is
srn interested witnes.... ('rd. N~eni,.
As a talker, the parrot has numer
oui rivals among birds native to
Britain. 'Tie magpio, the jay, even
the jnckdaw, may be taught to utter
inteiligeible sentences ; but all these,
and even the parrot himself must
succomb to the starling, whose imita
tive powers are equal to those of any
other bird (save, perhaps, the Ameri.
can noeking bird), and who, to the
foilty of speech, adds the charm of a
wild but melodious song. Anecdotes
of the starling are not uncommon ;
overy body knows the story of 8terno's
imprisoned bird, who complained un.
ceasingly ''I can't get out-i can't
get out;" and perhaps most of our
readers could match that story with
another as good. But we once
fell in with a starling whose genius
soared far abovo that of the bird of
Sterne ; and weemay as well close
this paper with a report of that
memorable inteviow, in which we
shall be careful to set down nothing
more than the simple fact. Thus it
On a day (now many years ago)
whon we happ~oned to require the ser
vices of a tonsor, wVo stepped into a
barber'i shop, in a rather retired
street of the town where we then
d welt. It was verging towards sun.
sot, and the shop window being
darkened with wigs, buats, bottled
hair bsrushes, fronts, perfumes,
sponges &c., the contents of the apart.
ments were not clearly visible in the
comparative gloom. On our opening
tlQ door a voice called out :
"Gentleman wants to be shaved
gentleman want's to be shaved !"
"No," said I, "I want my hair
"Gentleman wants to be shaved I"
rang the voice again.
The barber came forward from an
inner room, s rying, "You're wrong this
tlimo, Jacob ;" and drawing up a smiall
blind to let in more light revealed
a starling in a cage, who, I then saw,
had been the sole shopkeeper when 1
While I sat under the soissors, the
operator commenced a convorsation
with the bird.
"Come, Jacob, give us a song now
Como, Jacob !"
"Come anJ "kisi n.e, then," said
the bird, in aecents almost as plain as
those of a child of tix or sevoa years
--"como and kiss mo-cono and kiss
ine-come and kiss we !"
The barber put his lips to the
wires of the cage, and the bird thrust
his bill between thom, and a suedes
sion of loud kisses onsued, in whioh it
was not possible to distinguish those
of thei human from the foathered
biped, until the barber had resumed
his task, when the bird continued
kissing the air for some minutes.
"Come, that's kissing enough, Ja
cob ; now give us a song, Come,
'Iome, sweet home '"
With that the barber began whist
ling the air ; the starling took it up,
and continued it alone to the con
cluding bar of the second strain,
whistling it with perfect accuracy up
to that point, and then breaking into
its own wild natural song.
"Ahi ! Jacob, Jacob ! why don't you
finish your music ? That's the way
it is sir--you can't got 'cim to sing a
whole tunoe ; they always go off into
their own wild notes before they get
to tihe end."
Jacob now began again to insist that
I wanted shavjng, and would only be
convinced to the contrary by more
kiessing. When lie was quieted, I
asked his owner how he had suc
ceeded in teaching him so effectu
"I had him young, sir," he said,
and lhe had nothing to unlearn when
I got him. Ever since lhe has been
my only companion, except when
cuatomers come in, from morning to
night. I sit by him nearly all day,
perhaps weaving a wvig or doing some
other quiet job, and I talk to him,
and lhe talks to ime. Of course I
don't teach him one thing before lie
has learned another ; and if I was
to try to teach him too much, per
haps lie wvouldn't learn anything.
lie can talk a great deal more than
you have yet heard, and he'll speak
Of this I had some doubts, as the
bird was thon busy feeding ; but no
sooner was the cloth removed from
my nock, and I rose from my scat,
than up started Jacob to his perch,
arid begani shouting with thme whole
force of his little lungs :''Gentle
man pay your money-Gentleman
pay your money I" and lhe continued
to vociferate this delicate reminder
long after the money was p'aid-as
long indeed as I continue dwithin
M rs. H., a young mother, was exhi.
hibiting, ithm considerable pride, to
a uumiber of admiring friends, her
first baby. Finally, appjroacing
little Danm, a boy of five years, the
hasppy parent said, "D .n, Isn't this a
clear little baby 2" Dan hesitated a
moment, turned up his eyeLS, and
anawered,-"Yes, only it'. bald head
A P'hilosophew who bad married a
vulgar but amiable girl, used to call
her "Brown Sager;'' because ho said,
the was sweat t~nt nearofned.