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THE FAIRFIELD HEALRD.
Iubliibed Every Wednesday a
WINNSBORO, S. C,
1DESPORTES & WILLIAM.
TrERMS-IN AD VAC'B.
Out Copy one year, $ g 00
FIVe '' '6 - 12 60
Ten o * *' 2600
A STATE IN RUINS.
The deploraUle condition of South
Carolina-Gigantic thefts, univer
8ul corruption, and a Government in
the hands uf unprincipled Adven.
[From an Occatdonal Correspondent of N.
IN0u1I1NGTON, February 22.-The
condition ur South Carolina is deplo
rable. In the days of secession it was
the greateit offender. In the days of
RteconAtruciion its greatest sufferer.
Tio Givernient of the State was
furini ly in the hands of an aristoora
cy. They were a body of men joal.
ous, willful, dogmatic, but high-toued
aid honorable. The roll of its repro.
sentat ives in Cor.gress for near thiece,
quartori of a century, the numes of
the civio and military heroes in the
war of the Rev, lutiou, shine with a
lustre that, is undimmed by coipari
1on wvith the jen of ny other State.
True to the souvenirs of its former
history, it preoipit.tted the slavehold
erS' rebellion, uad led its hosts to
their doom. It sought in its passion
as a bloody arbitrament on the field
of battle, and a bloody arbitrament it
bas had. Vith 60,000 voters, and
110 foreign pipulition, it put 70 000
soldiers in the field. The end oname
and South Cirolina was black with
de,olation. Tim smoke and the fire
of civil war ascended from every
hou.ehold, and the stain of blood wats
on the gartentz of every burvivor. Its
young muen had swiftly gone down to
bloody graves till the dead outnum
bered the living. The means of sup
port were swept away as by fire and
whirlwind. llavoo and spoil and
ruin were its only gain. This is
whero the end of the rebellion left
South Carolina. What has beev its
c01dition siico ? What is its condi
tion now I
1Th1' pppulationl of the State is
smiethiug over 400 000 blacke, and
stnothlihng under 300,000 whites. The
result of the war has maade a yet
greater disproportion in the comparas
tive numbers of the voting popula
tion. These are ostimated to be in
the proportion of 40,000 whites to 00,
000 black voterA, the aggregato being
over 100,000. But in the Logisture,
out of 124 muembers, there are but
13th iolresci-titives of the white mi
nority. Tbo rest of the Assembly is
black, with the exception that here
and there is a white representative of
a black con.tituoncy. There are
enouigh of these, along with a few in.
telligent colored people, to lead the
great mass of ignoranco and barba
rism of which the main body is com
Without going into details. it is
enough to say that the men who lead
and manage the Legiblature and the
State 0ovornment are thieves and
misaeroants. Tlhe great body of the
[L.ogislaturo are the ignorunt and cor~
ruplt inst a umenits with which the lead
ers work, and though the individuals
composing this mass are bought uand
sold like enttle in the market, their
venality in s.omae oases is relieved of
xiulh of its climinality by reasonl of
tho denasenesas of their ignorance.
Numbers of the blacks who oeoupy
seats in the 14o..tjilaturo regard them
belve~s eonly in the light of employees
of tihe Govea nmnent. Their pay is
$a day for the sossion and special
pmay for their separato votes en
every measure in which there is
lmney. 'lTese votes are bought and
sold without even a pretense of haid
ing the fiagitiotus transaction. The
n1ogro) himas4lt is hardly conscious of
crimaialit y, w hila lie maak,es his bar
gain, lie owns his mule, iIe sells
it- lIe owns his chicken, iIe sells
it. iIe consitders his vote just as
nitchl a par of his personal propert.y as
his mule anid his chicken. Why
ashould he not soll it also 1" Ieo does
ilI it, and ho naively wonders that
anybody should compalain.
Oif cours~e the scelo of pay varies.
It is just according to ec mani's in.
tellig.enee amnd raipacity. A few huna
dredl dl lairs ini special grat uitie's is
nlongh to satisfy the dean ds of a
plantation negro. O.hers get tanore
said mIOe , anud more. Onte of the
Smalarter sort wvas aconsed th,e other day3
oni the floor of the llousae, lay a eel
league, with then havting $12,000 of
State bends in his pocket, corruaptly
obttainted. And the chargo was not
Bun. mlhe evidence of gross and uni
ver sil corrulption is palpable in the
way everybody lives who has any..
thinlg to do with1 the Government.
Thei o is a huapy-go lucky air amnong
them all. Ii a black gets into the
L-gid:ruae, that is enocugh. IIe
wo k i no maije. IIe has no cocagjon.
He hasg inoiey eiiough. It is the
anaao wilh lie occenpanit (of the ex
ecutive offa2es. All aire sleek and fat
with theuia ill-*got tena gains. They are
lhke pim ates who hateo captured a rich
ly -ladena ship. They riot in the plun
de r, a rinug not tat t all for, nor even
thimnking of, thle owners.
Bait the irrelraigible evidence of
gigantie theft siam corruption stiands
hae a moiuuaemnt in thme vast increase
of the State debt, an increase for
whichI oe is nothiung to show. Tihae
State many be searcbed in vain to find
where the money has gonte. it is in
no public work. It is an no soheuaes
of public imp rovemaent. It has sign
ply been stolen, It has gene into the
pockets of hi'gh way robbers who comi
pose the legislative and the aenncuive
government of the State. Behold the
stupendous sum I In 18654he bon4. t
ed tiot@cording to the report of t
the 0tiAress Colatuittee who, have,
lately returned frnu their investiga- C
tions, wos, in roma4 numbers, $5,- *
058,000. In 1888 it was $6,454,000. 0
O.j the 20th of December, 1871, it had.
risen to the enormous aggregate of
$15,708,000. It was not even certain
that this sum covered the whole llu
bilities of the State. So much fraud 0
and complicity in corrupt practices by I
the State offioials had -been deve I
oped, so much chicanery had
been unearthed so much will.
ful concealment and apparent I
ignorance of the amount of
the robberies and issue of the State f
bonds was manifested, that there was t
no certainty that even the frightful I
aggregate which was established E
would not be augmented when all the t
plundering bad come to light.
But whether it be more or not, we
have here an addition to the State I
debt since the war of near $11,000,
000. And this sum has been, million I
by million, dollar by dollar, delibe- i
rately stolen by the villians who have I
had possession of the State since that I
period, with the exception of such r
moderate sums as wero necessitated 6
by the measures of reconstruction. e
The methods of roberry have been I
too various and universal to be enQ- t
merated in an exposition so general as t
this. Suffice it to say that they have a
involved everybody of any account v
who belongs to the majority. It is a 4
treinblitig morass of corruption that 9
shakes under the tread of the investi- I
gation. There is no chance to stop
or punish the flagrant crimei that
have been committed because every
body, outside of a mere handful of I
representatives of the tax payers, is
implicated. W hatever villainy is ex.
posed. or whatever investigation is
threatened, silence is at once restor
ed by threatening the threateners Q
with an exuwination and exposure of C
their own criminality, It is simply a %
bmnd of obbers thre.ttening to tell on U
one another. Was there ever s>ich a
burle,que on free govornmnent 7
The State is mired, and there seems
to be no standing ground for an eff.rt
at extrication. And yet it must
be extricated, or government is a fail. I
ui o. As has been already said, there .
are Lut 13 Represeutatives out of 124
members of the Legislature who are
regarded as representatives of the I
tax payers of the State. Of these,
eight come from two upper coutities I
adjoining Georgia. These Represea- t
tives are tired of a hopeless struggle I
against the thieves who have plunged i
the State in bankruptcy, and threaten I
general confiscation. Those two coun-<
ties have petitioned to be set off to
Georgia. As their excision would I
just about extinguish the trifli- 1
minority of the Legislature, and leave I
it a unit in its corruptions, it is sup- <
posed the majoilty will grant the I
the prayer. So that the last remnant
of the holding ground of the tax pay
ers seenis to be on the point of disap. I
it is thus that 300,000 white poo.
ple, more or less, composing the in
telligence alid property-holders of
the State, are put under the hool of
400,000 pauper blacks, fresh from a
state of slavery and ignorance the
most,denso. Guided by unprincipled,
adventurers from other States, who
wraking use of these freedmen as their
agents for the most nefarious acts
which wore ever committed under
the shelter of Republican formts oft
Government, this blind and unintel
ligent muss is precipitated upon the
intelligence and wealth of the State
till they are buried out of sight. *
It, is sometimes asked wh'y the whitea
people of the State do not endeavor I
to influence the blacks by kind treat.
ment and pursuasion as to their true
interests. Th'e answer is, that thea
jealously of the black of his old mans- e
ter is profound, unyielding, and uni-i
versal. WVhere the kindest personal
relations prevail, where the freedmen
remain on the old plantations, and
work t.he land on shares in content. C
ment and harmony with the proprie-d
tors, tihe testimony is that, so far
as voting is concerned, the old master
is utteily without influence, iIe can
not obtain a vote or the promise of a
vote. In this matter the black will
listen only to the unprincipled tadven-t
turer .who rides throuigh the countrya
olaiming to be one of those who gave
freedoma to the slaves. Conscious of
their present liberty, the freedmen 's
dread of Its possible loss makes him the
moist anspicious and apprehensive of
mortals. In poverty and sickness, in
trials and troubles be resorts to his
old, master and seeks his aid and
enunsel with a ehhidlike confidence.
liut iln voting he is steeled to his ad-C
vice and will die before lie will take a
Thus overwhelmed and helpless,
what is the average property holding
citizen to do 1 lie aims faithfully to
get upon his legs, but the grinding I
taxauon actually inwposed, and still i
moethat which is threatened, makes
fiscationi. lie would got out of the
Stato if he could, but there is nobody
to buy hisi property. On a visit to
South Carolina a few years ago, j
Senator Sprague of Rho de Island,
attracted by the great natural ad van
tages of a water power at the capital
of the State, purchassd it, and spent I
a considerable sum of money prepa-1
ratory to starting manufactories there.
The development, soon after, of the
corruptions and meaureless robberies
of the State Goveranment, brought his A
operations to a dead stand, and now Ir
he only nwaits the forlorn hope of an 1
opportunity to extricate his venturer
from the cilutches of the thieves and
villains who have the State by the
throat and are sucking its life's (
"Why don't you rebel again 1"jI
shed a Boiton man who was laitely
ravelliDg through the State. 14This
Ine you would have a t$asoti.
,16s 1 why ? Subjected to oppressive
Duditions, Oboh as it way safely be
tid no State or community iu the
Ivilized world Is to-day enduring, the
'hito ainvority in South Carolina are
ulot and dumb. They have no life,
'heir sph it has 1rone out. Their iu.
rtia amounts to it left the conquer.
ra. Whether justly or not, they be.
love that the auoeesful war has sown
he teeds of corruption and death
roadau-t over the k or(h. They be.
ieved that the coroh had degaaded
tmelf and lost its moul power ; that
be salt had lost its suvor. 11ov far
mots are justit)ing that cofwltmioll
he North has un oppt-rtuoity tojudge.
low, if you wan&, peaco with the
louthern people, you must UbA.O1
be religionian of war. You must
oueo to upbr,,id thei as inners. It
; hard for anybody to be called tia.
erat by such IPoile as you a re c11.
ioally publ:shiag y'urselves to be,
low York oug.it to be very modett
a the use of the word, onl the re.
orts of demoralization in N- w Eng.
,id are odd acoUMp niluentv to imupe
ous lecture agaillst motes in
outhern eyes. Cease all this nou
see. ^duit that Southern people
ad as much right as your.elves to
bink out an agreeablo meaning from
he Constitution. Stop your cunt and
dmit what everybody knows that the
Far was a quarrel over materin in ier.
#aI. Adwit-what the very geo
raphioal prescription of opinion
roves-that if your people had beei
he slave-holders and agrioulturalistr
aid the South the more numerous
ianufacturtrs in free States, youj
rould have been the seco-sioji-,ts, at
rndoubtedly the South would have
eon rea.dy to fight to the death fur
be Union. In that case the clergy
rould have been equally eager to de.
lare the mind of God ; only the Go.
graphy of the cotiflicting oratoleF
rould have been reversed. For, if
nything is settled by the history of
1hriatianity, it is that the clergy
avo no divine assistanoe toward
uakiug up a true decision in politica
uarrels, and never do anything but
boy the impulse that moves th<
jeople to whot they mnin6ter. Wher
ou got to this position of oommor
ense the diflioulties of moral recohn
truotion w*Il rapidly disappear. A1
,resent the attit ude you present doet
iot humble the Southerners, but
nukes them think themselvessuperio
o you. They think you itiferior in
mlderstanding, as well as in all tha
a broad and frank and generous i6
tuman cbaracter. Naturall, ihe)
lo not wunt to have much to do wiil
uch people ; and there is dangei
hat this view of Northern charucte:
)eoomto fixed, and be propagated fo
,encratiom to come, and remain a
ause of trouble, as persistent and un,
nanagable a4 the moral "rebellion'
of Ireland. I could say much upor
hissubject I but probably I have al.
edy said muuh more than you wil
Wednesday Morning, Maroh 20, 1872
Tme Late Legislature.
We think we can, with great pro
ariety, congratulate the people o
him State upon the adjournment sinl
lie of the late Legislature.
With a few honorable exceptions
ye do not believe there has ever as
emabled in any country a more vii
ainous and corrupt set of legialatot
han those who composed the Genera
issemblly just adljourned. Profli
ate and abandoned, character
r,ed by every known vie, und entire
y regardless of their serious respen
ibility, they pursued a recklosa
ourse day after day to the greai
otriment of the interests of thei
onstituency, and in violation o
very principle of right and honesty
)pressive taxes have been levied
useless expenditur3s incurred, ex
ravaganoes of all kinds encoursgemd
mid outrageous swindlos and fraudi
pproved of and legalized. The
card earnings of tax-payers have beet
rxacted to enrich public thieves anc
>lunderers, and the very vitals of the
tate attacked to rivet the chains o
>olitical slavery upon a poor, pere
utod, people. illionas and million
if debt have been fo.ced upon oui
hou ders, aganet a just and indignani
>rotest, anid our burdens increased a
housand fold. Will any one saj
his is not true in every particular
lut the tale is not yet hal' told. I
s so siokening and revelting that we
hudder at the bare thought of it, and
ometimes wish that we could blot ii
ut from our umoniory.
Th'le itcfamuous career of a large ma
oity of the late General Asemrblj
orms a part of the history of th<
tate, aDd, as such, will go down t<
utare generations. Carol ins's hu,
niliation has gono out to the would
uut, alias 1 she receives but little con.
ort. The story of her woes is for.
otten in a day, and she is left to thct
o.ercy of demons In human form, wbc
ave made of lier a barren wraste, ancd
educed her sons almost to beggary.
That this is the work of the late
leneral Assenebly, no honest max
an deny. It is sad to contemplate,
ut nevertheleas true.
ThrouAh corr upt practices it ha@
estalill,ohed a record for pt6fiaoy
and viee, that has tio parallel ib the
history oft any country since the
foun4ation of the world.
May God save the State from an
other such body of law-tmakers.
Our Next Governor.
In a tecent issue of the Mirisionary
Record, Rev. R. H. Cai, its colored
editor, pretends to peep a little way
into the political future of the State,
and gives the names of those must
likely to como before the Republio.in
Convontion for . the Gubernatorial
nomination. Of the extreme wing of
the party R K. So.,tt, F. J. Mose,., Jr.
and J. L. Neagle are the tuar piuui
iont candiitex ; of the uoderatu Re
publ in its, Judges Orr aud Mcit1.
Wi'lh the exo. ption, probably, of
Judge Orr, none of t1weso, to our
wind, possess even a few of the quali.
flsations noee-,sary to fi: a ian for so
responsible a po.ition as that tf Olov
ernor. Scotthas been weighed in the
balance, and found shamnt ully want.
ing in every prerequi.ito. Moes
while possessing con.iderable intelli..
gence, has no force of charactor what.
ever, and strong charges of corrup
tion have tcen laid at his door.
Neagle is scarcely inore than a cipher,
and is believed to be corrupt and ve
nul. Judge Molton has no experi
once in political life, and does not
cominand the confidence of either his
own party, or the white people of the
State. As to Judge Orr, we know that
he is fickle in politics, and attangely
inconhiscen, in many of his pul.lio
acts, but we believe lie is onest.
With considerable sagacity, sound
sense, and considerable admhinistrn
tive ability, we would regard his
election to the Governorship as an
auspicious event to the State.
We know that there is gicat oppo.
sition to bin: on account of his m..
political somersaults, but the whi;e
people of South Carolina are so sit.
Uzted to day, that they cannot be
olosers, and it is to their interest to
get the best wait front the opposite
party. wisdin dictates tuh a
course, and we intuud to follow it.
As a dernier resoit let us take the
leser of two evils.
The Redding Case.
The recent fi.aco in the Legislature,
that called Judge Giahaut from hia
official duties in Ch -rleston before
the L,egislm,ive Judiciary Committee,
h,s involved only' the iu,tigator, 8.,.
licitor Seab:ook, of Charlst;bs, and
Judge Graham .stands fully viudioat
The history of the whole matter
Is biiefly as follows: Stnue time last
year a woman bamed Julia Rudding
was put out of te firs.t class co'ach tin
the Suth Carolina .ts,ad by parti-a
ini no wise connictied with the road.
Suit was brought agaiunat th company
by herself and lihsnd, and thne case
was argued before Judge Giaamu,
who had a non-suit entered. The
plaintiffs appealed, and the Supreme
Court, referred it back for a new trial,
and the jury brought ini a verdict for
-the company. Seabrook, ut ho was one
of the counsel for the Reddinigs, foilt
so umuch mortified at the reeult of the
suit, that Ihe lost his temnpor, hure ied
up to Columbhia, and soon had repor a
in oireulation that in,proper influence
bad been execited oier the Judge anid
jury. rThe Judiciary CX.uaniite of
the House were ordered to investigat e
it, and uisade quite an elaborate re
port, which has already appested in
print. Our readers know the rest.
Preserye lihe Recordu.
UJpon the final paisage of the bill
legalizing the bond swindle and
frauds, the record shows the votes of
the Represent atives from ibis County.
In the affirmative, McDowell and
Smart ; in the negative, Moore. We
want the people, particularly the color
ed race, to keep this always in :nind,
and let it be known throughout the
County. We intend to use It wvhen
the proper time comes, and expose
without fear or favor those who miis
represent us, andI betray public trusts
and confidence. We shall see to it
that the ignorant are n.. longer kept
in ignorance, and shall do ever.Sthing
in our power to enlighten the under.
standing of deluded voters.
Arrests and Releases.
The followiag p.ers->ns have been
arrested in this couuuty since our last
issue : Gen. - Joseph F. Giist, D. P
Mosely, 8. J. Mosely, Prank Goleman;
re-arrested, Harper Floyd, Ben Scott,
white, Alfred, Keenain, colored C. C.
Scott, and Ira Williarc, WVhiite, and
W.* Nichole, colored, who were bailod
out some weeks ago, under oonds of
$2,000 each, bave been surrendered
to the anathorities by their sureties,
in cnsequnce of another prisoner, at
l,iberty under the same "ond, having,
ai is supposedi, 'left for parts uni
known." Capt F. M. Farr and
Daniel Black are at, liberty, under
their own bond, to appear at the
Court to be held in Chaslesten next
moanth- Un ionell. Ts,n.
We regret to announco that a diffi.
Duity occurred last night, about half.
past 7 o'clock, In the co-operative
ntore of the Oharlotto, Cotumbia and
Augusta Railroad, Blanditig street,
between Mr. Jokeg Simpson, an em.
ployee of the comtpaiy, and a colored
4an, named Lucas, in which the for
iner was killed, by a out aofoas the
thigb froi a sumall pooket-knifVe ir
the hands of Lucas. The origin of
t he difficulty we did not learn ; the
n.urdered man was, it is said, bome11
what under the influence of liquor.
Simpson was a gallant soldier ii the
late war-serving in the Richland
Volunteer Rife Compauy-arid his
untinaely death will be deeply deplor.
ad by his muny friends and old cotu
rales in.arns. The murderer wasar
rested, after, slight resiot.auce, by
Mes,rta. J. E English ani Joseph
Prim, (who were present when the
aiuortuanto uffairovour rel,) and car
ried dowu to Sheriff Frazoo, who
afterw.rds-ably and proipi ly assist.
ud by these gentlent and Mr. W.
Reeves, in the absence of policemen
-suocceded after com,iderable difli
Culty, in arresting Haunch Bridges
ad Wm. Dennis (colored) a acce.
sories. The prisiners were lodged in
jail about 12 o'clock. An i6que,t
will be held over the remains this
Tornado in Georgia.
A tornado recently passed over
Milon county, Georgia, which (lid
considerable danage. Upou the
place of Mr G. F. Mayield every
building except a little fodder house
was unroofed. The dwelling house had
the roof lilted clear off and scattered
in all diiections. Some of the p1rta
have nut been found, and some of the
portions were found three quarters ol
a milu from the building. The kitch.
en was torn to pieces, and logs ear.
ried from here over seven inches iti
diameter mora than three hundred
yards, and ona-half the Yoof earriod
entiro for somue one hundred and fifty
yards and dropped, one end of tht
rib stiuking a considerable depth into
the ground ; the autokehouse, the corn
crib, the stables, ad the well curb
and all outhouses were entirely do
molished and scattered.
The Champion in South Carolina.
A correspondent of the New Yori
Herald says .
"Among the Republicans in Sontli
Carolina there is a deadly conflice
between the mass of the party and
the Fed3ral office-holders and their
supporters. As already stated in the
Herald, the delegites to the Ropub.
lioian Cuotvention which endorsed Gen.
Grant's adminit-tration were instruct
ed to vote against his renoiniatitn if
he did taot wake a clean sweep of all
the piesent officeohulders in the SLate
State. A number of the del.,gates
la.ive already left Columbia for Wash
ingion, aiti these hate been rapidly
followed by the offico-holders. Thei
is no doubt th,t, thu delegation will
v to 1.traight" for Grant's nomina
tion, atd here, as int all the Southurn
Stites, the begroes will vote en mass
fir his election "
Destructive Fire at Union Courti fonse.
lBy the p.rompht at tetiotn of ata es.
teemaed corresponident, we ate ena
bled to furnih the following facts el
ana extensive fire which occurred al
Union Court House on yesterday
Thme fire broke out between four andc
live a. mn., ini the rear of Mr. Wmn
Eller's store itn Maina street, and' eoor
resutlted in the detruoti.mi of the
pricipal part of Main street.
'ITae t wo haotels, the stores of Me ers
J. L. L~ oig, a .n. El ler, Rauoben Sitai
Git>be, & Co., Foster & Wilkins, A
'i.'hon, ps.1n, It. W. Tuem.ly, thb
TI amed . fli:e, tan d several otber build.
inig. The l' me'e office and the gosod:
of Mr. Eller were a total loss. Them
amnounat of ins.mrrnanee ona the property
destroyed is not knowaa.
T1o.. mutch prmise cannot be giver
to thte Federal gairrison, whao ude,
the c'otammantd of Lieutenant McDoug
a!, rendered effective aid in protectinj
the property which was saved frou
Dead and Altre.
Robert Anderson, Major, who in ai
emergency was faithful to his trust
died a poor main abroad, and his re
amains are at this moment deposited ii
sorme obscure receivinag vault of New
York ina charge of a sexton.
George K. Leet, Colonel, who neve
saw abattle or euncounted danager, wa
a clerk at Vaoksburg, and while th
army wus fighting through th<
Wilderness snup ly reposed at Wash
inagton, is tat this miomnent receivinj
$400 a day, plundered from the mer,
chailts cf New York with the acqii
escence of the President of the Uni
Among the latest and most eenspi
eouts examples of the "height of in,
pudenee" is the prese'ntation to th.
City Council by General Phillij
Sheridan's patriotic volunteers wh<
achieved the cold-blooded murder o
Colonel Gio.vernor of a bill request
ing the city to pay them for their pro
digious services. If General Sheri,
daa'sswash-.bucklers want their pay
let them get thme Piegen hero to certit
fy, their little bill to President Grant,
It is a good rule for servants to look
for their pay to their employers.
A uman courting a young womiar
was interrogated as to his occupation,
"I am a paper hanger on a lairge
seale,''he replied, Hie was accepted,
mnd aifte: marriage it was found that
it was a bill sicker.
PARIs, March 14.-Negotiations for
anticipating the balance of the war
debt are pending between France and
PARNs, March 16.-A despatch
from Canes, announes the death in
that4ewi of George Eustis, formerly
member of the United States Roose
of R11preseutatives frons Louisiuna. and
later private secretary to John
Slidoll, when he was Confederate
Oilmmisilover to France. H4 was
the son-in-law of Mr. Corootan, of
The Comminloner of Pardons bay
ing ri-jeeted the appeal of - Fodet,
Qaestal and Girard, three Oonimu
Im.tAs convicted of m'ardering hostages,
they were shot this. woruiug, at
Piesident Thiers, At In eception
yesterday, spoke upon the Roman
questiou, and in his remarks main
taied that (.Itholinisin is tradition,
and an element of strength to France.
HAVANA, March 12.-Domiogo and
Giralo, both had their sentenees cos
I muted to imprinonmtent for life.
Tie Spanish offi3als report from
ceutrul departtments that but few
wbites remain in open hostility.
Small pox here is inoreasing.
The Russian fioot departs Wednes
LIAnnS19u1, March 12.-Emanuel
Shafferner, who tried to murder two
wives, was convioted.
MOBILE, Narch 12.-Judge Hill,
of the United States Court, appointed
Chas. Wulab, of this oity, leceiver of
the Alabama and Chattanooga Rail
road, in Mississippi. le is already
in posso:sion in Alabama. L. J.
Floming, Goneral Superintendent of
the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, has the
management, of this road.
SELMA, March 12.-The Governor
of Missis.ippi has cleared the A. and
C. road from Meridian to York of the
obstructions on the track by unpaid
laborers, and the trains are again run
1AS1INOTON, March 12.--Private
dispatchesindicate that New lamp
shire has gone Radical by a very
smaall majority. Nothing yet decis
ive through regular channels.
Nrw YORK, March 12.-A Muita.
mosas special says it is rumored that
Trevinto was defeated and wounded.
Mlartiuez Marango and Cortiua
were captured, losing their artillery
The general features of the news
indicated reverses to the revu-a.
WAIINGTON, March 12.-Senate
-The Great Southern Railroad of
Florida was reported. The hill, as
amended, gives one hundred feet on
either side, and forty acres for each
Tha House isdi-cussing amnesty.
COLUMBUS, March 12. -11. S.
Mott's Pulwee Fiour Mills wore burn.
ed this mruing. Lizs ieventy-five
thousand dollars. Incediarlasm.
NEw YORK, March 15.-Advices
from Spain indicate a crisis.
Ammaus is concentra timng his army
around M.drid, aind is diuarti.g the
Natioal Guaird and preparing to de
femnd his thr.one.
A M1 i)rto special says Naranjo
is at an .Esperitu Santo, on the Zai.
V ata,cas road. Martmnes Is besegig
San Louis Putosi. Te'rvino, with six
thou5amnd men, is roarchimng aga.inst
RoTha, who was advancing with seven
houand men,* Ruchlma ratreated to
Sa. .\ligue' but afterwmards moived to
S.an L-auis Potosi, cowmpelling Tr evino
to retreat. The revolutionists are
retic.,nt, L.ut admit teverses.
SAN FaANC:8co, Matrch I14.-The
prop. ietars of tuo Alta Calif~ornaian
are :,cquitte.d of dhe charge of libel
for callinag a lsa wyer a shyster. The
suit Wiun for $50,000.
IPnovIRaNCE, March 14.-Thie Re.
pubbeana Sta.te Conavention fully en
dorses Granit and Colfuax and favors
their re-election. The present State
.ffieers were nominated.
Arizona dispatches say Win. Mc
Farland was founad murdered and
horribly mutilated. Americans went
after the Mexica~n who was reported
to have threatened MeIFarland's life,
and having found him, shot him on
sight. His Mexican friends retalia.
ted by killing one of the party, on
which the Americans made a general
raid on the Mexicans and killed four;
a fifth entrenched himself in an adobe
house, on which the attackin.g force
blew up the house and shot him also.
a All business houses ina Sanford and
Floremnce are closed in ap.prehension
of an attack from the Mexicans, who
are the moat numerous and greatly
-LAwaxNoE, KANSAS, March 16.
M is. Jane Ruth, charged as an ac
cessory in poisoning her husband, has
L.oISeVa.r.E March 1.-The Even
ing Sun newa.paper has set.
A suit against Police Juno~ Price,
for refusing negro testimonj before
the State House, has beeni authorized
to be dism.iesed-theo Federal Court
holdinig the Judge justifiable in
obeying the State law. Judge Bal.
lard added: "I do not thin k Con
gress haa power to enact a law to pro
vent, him fromn so doing."
A Matamioras special says a des-.
patch from the Mexica Secretary of
War reiterates the capture of Zacato
eas and the rout of Trevino.
MEIsMPIS, March 1.--A cotton
suit seizure, involving *200,000, de
cided against the Governumeat, in the
District, and appealed to the Circuit
Court, has been remanded to the
Distriot Court for a new trial.
IPuIEnAZ.Pun, March 16.-Mace
and O'Baldwin have depod Oan
forfeit for a $2,500 fight, in Virginia,
SFRANGMILD, MASS., March 16.-.
The 611y train hence for- Boston was
t brown from the track by a broken rail
Twenty parione in the smoking oar
were more or less injured.
BUFFALO, March 1.-The Ohio
street elevator, owned by the Erie
Riilway Company, and leased to
Clark, Towaseud & Co., was burned
to.day, with 58,000 bushels grain.
The fire is believed to be the work of
an inoendiary. No insurance on the
elevator ; the grain was fully insured;
loes on buildilig $17,500.
WASMINGTON, March 16.-The
Tribune's Washington correspondent
has iufurmation from an unquestioned
source, that Sumner has consented to
preaide at the. Cincinnati Conven
The Sonate was not in session. In
the House, there was debate only.
Shermne, in a speech yester,lay. said
the tariff could safely be reduced
$20,000,000, but he warned Senatora
that if tea and soffee were admitted
free, reduction must stop there
Sherman favors a reduction on tex
Tom Murphy, formerly Collector of
Customs, before the Retrenchtuent
Commnitee, testifies that he was not
influenced by Giant, Porter or Bab
cock, in the Leet & Stocking's order
business affairs. Grant wanted Leet
to leave New York, on account of th6
Naw Yona, Marah 1S.-Evening-.
Cotton firm ; uplands 221 ; Orleans
221; sales 2,260 bales. Gold lOg.
CHARL11TON, Muroh I.-Cotton
quiet-tiddlings 211 ; receipts 527;
sales 100 bales.
LIvrttpoo., March 16.-Evening
Cotton opened and closed firm-up.
lands 11 ; Orleans I If ; sales 12,000
fires In reeavillf.
On Wednesday night, March 6, the
large btable of Mr. A. W. BAl, in
West Greenville, was burned duwn.
A mule and a horse were lost in the
flames. Loss $1,500. On the same
night the stable of Mr. Bearden was
burned down. Loos.$100. On Thars.
day uight the stable of Mr. Win. A.
JeUnings was bnrned, Loss $250. At
tbe burning of the table of Mr. Jen.
ningr, two unen, Frederick Allen,
white, and Charles Oas,ouored, were
arrested on suspioion of beiug prin
cipals or necesories in our reoppa
fires, and have been oommitte
jail. No official ezautination has yet
been made, but there are ample r4a
sons for the belief that one or both
are guiliy, and such is the establish
ed ntsurunae of the officers having
them in estorly. When they were first
taken in charge tbe crowd could scarce.
ly be restrained from lynching them.
The Enterprise urges every one to be
on the alert, and the city council
offer $500 for the arrest of the incen
A murder was corumited in the up
per part of Greenville county, on
Tluesday, 5th instant, live wiles north
of Gowensjville, on the person of John
E.. McClure, by William Durham,
through a p stol shot in the hands
of the latter. The affray arose
in the yard of the deceased, from
difficulties arising in connection
with McClure, in which Durham stak
ed his pistol against ten dollars by
eceased. The inquest over the body
of the wnurdemed man was held before
Trial justice WV. D. Robertson, acting
as Coroner, the jury rendering a ver
diet of umuider.
Durh:um was committod to jail on
Sunday eveninig last, for trial, surren
d'urin,g himself to the law.--GrecaWe
Trial of Mayor RlaIl.
So far the trial. of Mayor Hall, of
New York, for complicity with Tweed
and others, in the Tammany ring
frauds, has proved a tedious business
--a maeie corflict of technIcalities as
to the ad misibilityo fcertain formsiof
testimony. Tihe defence has ocou..
pied much time in an attempt to rule
out of evidence a certain warrant is
sued to Garvey, the plasterer, for
over $41,000,to which the Mayof's
signature was attached ; but on yes
terday the objections was overruled,
and the warrant admitted as secon.
dary evidence. The prosecution then
offered a book of audit, and the de.
(once objected, and so the fight will,
doubtless, continue to the end, if,
indeed, it is ever ended.
lore listing Records.
In a cantested election case ini
Philadelphia, on the 8th instant, th.e
returns from a certain district were
wanted, when, upon application at
the prothonotary's office, the papers
"turned up missing." Upon an in
vestigation ex-Prothonotary Donegan
made the suprising state ment that he
had sold the papers along the with a
quantity of other records becansa
there was not room in his office to
store them. Hie was bold in the sum
of $10,000 to answer the charge of
Taking Time by the Foreloek.
In anticipation of a removal of
Judge Graham by the Legislature, on
the unsounded ebarg~es recently
brought against him, an ambitious
member of the bar armed himself
with a, petition with forty signuatures,
and took an early train for th er.pital
with a view to seeuring the vacancy.
Happily the whole thing p roved a
eaputal failure, 'only this and nothing