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Desportes &Wiliams, Proprietor] A Family Paper, Qevoted to Sence Art, iquiry, industry And Oterte rA
VOL. VId WINNSBORO, S4 C., WIEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 27, 1872.
Ia FUuL1si WiPEKLY Bt
DESPORTES & WILLIAMS,
Terms.-Tun I19RALO Is publishe(l Week
ly in the 'Town of Winnsboro, at 93.00 in
ariably in advance.
S All transient advertisements to be
paid in advance.
Obituary Notices and Tributes $1 00 per
"Where art thou,
Ilith thy gleaming golden hair,
Oluat'ring o'er a brow so fair,
"I am here,
In my lont-ly, quiet grave,
Where the weeping willows wave,
"Where art thou.
With (hy forehead meek and low,
White and pure ak virgin inow,
'Cold and still,
[n calm and dreani+as sleep,
Where thou comest oft to woop,
"Where art thou,
With thy ature tinted eyes,
Stolen from the Summer skies,
While upon this lifoless breast,
Woven hands are clasped in rest,
"Whero art thou,
With thy smiling, rosebud mouth,
Daughter of tie fragrant south,
Gone for aye I
Mould'ring now in silent earth,
Whero the daisies have their birth,
,Where art thou,
In thy early blighted youth,
With thy soul so full of truth,
Far away frot mortal sight,
Walking ever in the light,
Paul A dair."
"Where art thou,
With thy heart so full of love, -
Guileless as the mournful dove,
From my home beyond the gloom.
W.here the flowers ever bloom,
"Come to me,
Angel frou a land unknown,
[am weary, sad and lone,
"'etce, be atill I
8peed thee from the world's eold frown,
flaste to wear a robe and crown,
.-Help me on,
With thy biuglht anid shining wings,
Let ns? --ce thb kripg of klfgd,
I bristabel," . .
Tho' lie wtmers o'er thee roll,
Chis shall aid i hee to the goal,
"Tell me true,
Shill I walk the g Iden streets,
Cull the simaranihine sweets,
See the pearly gates njar,
And the Saviour from afar,
I shall join the angel band,
Dear a harp within my hand,
See what iIe hat ht done for thee
~He who bled on Calvary,
Thou my gentle serapha.brlido,
WVhile I view llis wour-ded side,
"Clasp my hand,
See the '.nll-pinas on hlis feet,
Haste the Laanb of God to greet,
Acts of tile L,fglslatnfc.
The following is a list of the most
importint Acts pa*sed at the last sos.
Mion of the Legislatnreo
An Act to miore efec~tually provide
ftor the recording of all conveyances
of retal estato.
' An Act to amend Section 279 of t.he
cede of procedure.
An Act to regulate the granting of
An Act to empower the Judges of
the Probate Court in their respective
'Counties to insuo executions.
Ain Aot to regil'ate the man~ufac
tute idd kle of .com mo-cial fertlizers
-in the FEt ate of South.Carolina.
*An Act to authot-ize Clerks of
'Courta of Cothmon Plehs tb thake Lesti
ihony in coeraolses.
An Act to provide the thAiner for
obtaining theo' rijhtt of way where
the ltad are surrdunded' by other
Awn'Act to kuthorizo aliens to hold
proper l: ,
Atn Act conferring upon the C6tunty
Commnisstteard oort:ait powers in rqlr.
tion to the licenso and sale of intO.l
estipg1* to ..
#n oE i dg odons of
ego of ooptwqre lng t the
- uro advances for agriclo'ttral pugo
4p Ace.q spotend%n Act, providing
~f'r gen,raj elections, and theq,aps.ue
" 4no . t 4egalising ep,tIp.srIgoe
and fer other purposs .tllerein Ilen-l
An Aot for the bettor protection of
Au Act to empower fathers to
legitimaitize oortain children by last
will and testament.
Arn Act to ametid an Act protiding
for the atsebtent and taxation of.
property, passed Semptember 15,
1868, and all Acts ametdatory
Au Act. to amend an Act to revise,
s:mnplity and abridge the rules, praoc.
tice, pleadings au-) fortms 0l the courts
of tbo State.
An Act. to alter and amtnd an Aot
to revise simply aid abridge th. rule,
practice, pleadmigs and foimi of court
of this State (2.)
An Act to provide for a uniform
system of shool records.
An Aut to amend an Act for the
bet er protection of migratoy fi..h.
An Act to amend an Act to piovide
for the construem iou and repair of
An Act to amend the law In rela
tion to the license and registration of
pharmi.cuutists, apothecarles and
druggists, and to regulate the
vending of drugs and pisous.
An Act for the relief of the widows
and orphans of persotis killed because
of their polit-ioal opinions.
Au Act, to regulate the issuing of
checks to laborers upon plautatons or
An Act to reduce all Acts and
parts of. Acts to determino and per
petuate the homestead into one Act,
and to amend the same.
An Act relating to the Financial
Agent of the St4te of S.>uth Caroliua,
in the city of New York.
An Act to provide for a general
An Act to approve, adopt and'make
of fotoe, the general statutes of the
State of South Carolina, prepared
under the direction and by the
au.bority of the Goueral Assomly.
Julat resolution to provide for the
republication of certain statues of this
State, and journals of the General
The Pursuit of the Ring.
Wie pub' :, with pleasure the arti
gle from The Charleston News enti
tied "A Task for the W hole People"
and suggebt what we have again and
again advised, viz : the duty of action
in this emergency. We expected the
committ ee of the Taxpayers' Conveii
tit n to take mersures to bring inti the
courts of the country the case of the
plunderers and Kwindlers who have
rought the State to the ruin of its
finamces, and who have so seriously
daumaged all the interests of the Com.
tnonwealtb. We bold that the work
of the State's redemption should at
least be attempted before the legal
tributnals of the land.
In New York a squad of taxpayers
united and promptly overthrew the
Cannot the Uited people of South
Catolina u ter strength enough to
break up the iOfaua6us Ring who make
prosperity and devolopnment utterly
ineon-i8tet with their uoutinuance in
power I The duty of the hour and
the day in South Carolina iaobvious.
It is by legal means and all the 16gal
tact and acumen that we can com.
mand to make a aane in cour t agaimist
the officials who have made them
selves a menable to the law.-CGolumnbia
Judge Chase and his Platform.
The Waship onm cs rresp. .en ct of
the New York iIemaid furnisbes an
account, of a plan on foot by thme
friends of Chief Ju-tieo Chase to
place him in the Presidenatial field.
It is proiposed to have a meeting at
Parkesburgh, West Virgiia, ou the
18th of April, and to promulgato a
declaration of piriniciples u'on whjiich
his support is to be claimed. The
platform as prese(nt<g is a sounad one
in the main, and adroitly avoids giving
offense to Demnocrats, while it should
be thoroughly acoeptable to every
The purpose of this new movement
is to send ini the namne of Judge Chase
to the Cliun~mitj Convention on
something like equal terms with
In any view of the ease t):e move
mont is an an important one. It will
add to the force of the* anti.Grant
Republican current . strongly setting
in to sweep the great gift taker., from
his eat.--Augusta Constitution4alist.
Dunlin, a newlty Invented explosive'
is a terr,ibly,.. dentreeotive ageiht. It.
lodkm. like a niixture of aiw" dut 'and
lard, and hsa amelekly dddr..It does not
exlode'by conoeuston, now ignite'bg
fire, isor does water errect its eXpIo-.
bive properties. But a couple of
pocnde of he' innooent lookib stn
1 aif ori &' lini to6k, Abdt dod Witr
earth, abd then tonoliedi with a .ou ~
rent of olbotrid iy, docipletely put.
yerized the"stor',1Wvfng iotJing but
the enormnous bied tlIfet se'*Ned at its
bole. Of' ooIr& the tit4entoa ptS
diets great~ things of an a6ent* d 6
It is said that "a corset is on-e*bf-.
bition aarDubuque whichthbis.equeeked
three'fdwalu'to death." 'And ndW
If that -remorseless ourget MdtteIb
for it. para erbbes apd win th6'ethinkl
gratitude of mankind, let it idke '
g ood old healthy squeeze at Wood.
n1l Claffn and conany.
We announoed last week that at
the time of goidg to press the troop of
cavalry were on the western side of
the country asking arrests. The
first exploit of tho command was the
capture of Mr. T. M. Bandets, whom
they found at the hou-e of his father.
in-law, Mr. A. T. Waker NJr. 8.n
ders had been i ~ eton overy day for a
week previous ' his arrest, and could
have been oapiured at any tinte.
The effect, though, would not have
boon so dramatic as dragging him out
at 1 o'clock in the worijing and tak
ing him alone as a paisoter of war.
The company ieturned from this raid
on Thursday morning bringit.g with
them, besides Mr. Sanders, M. T. T.
Castles, Riohard Woods, Willia:u Mo.
Collum, Martin- Wade, Thomas A.
Anderson, James Darby and Joseph
Sims. Mr. Sims was released after a
few hours in jail it *ppoaring that
he had been ariested by mistake.
Messrs. Woods, MoCollum tad Wadv,
were kept at headquarters undie
guard all day ; tut were finally di.-.
charged on their parole, after havi,.g
beent subjected to the aestomed iu.
quisition. Mr. Witliaw Leukie wa
arroted on WodnesdAy of last week
and kept in jail till Saturday when he
was releared on bail. On Thursday
night another raid was made by the
cavalry in the Tijk,y neighborhood,
and the following pestone captured,
J. D. Smart, S. Howell, M. Goz)d,
John Jones, John MuCarloy, J. T.
Love, Lee Gaston, and Amos Soife,
colored. About the ssme time a do.
tachment trom York arrested and oar
ried to the jail at that pl.-st Mr J.
K. Kirkpatrick and his brother John
Kirkpatrick. During the we.-k Mr.
Baxter Crobby Was ariested near
Jandsford and lodged in the jail at
Mr. J. T. Walker was arrested in
Coluwbi-i on F, iday last, and released
on bail. Oa Tuesday of this week
Mr. T. M. Sandera was a.lowed to give
bail, and was disobarged. All the
rest of the unfortunate prisoners are
still in jail.
It is proper tostate that all the ar
rest4 were made by the military au
thorities without ..apy prtene of
acting as an auxiliary to the United'
States Marshal. There was. neither
Commissioner nor Marshal here. The
arrebts, however, were made on war
rants issued by Commissioner Purteus
when here last December.
These are times when we are all
at the mercy of arbitrary power, and
It. probably, therefore would be wise
for us to speak with bated breath.
That every feeling of our heart is in
deepest sympathy with these unfor.
tunate victims of political persecutloo,
it is hardly necessary for us to say.
Departure of Troops.
Company D. Seventh United States
Cavalry, under the command of Cap.
tain Weir, left this place Tuesday
morning last for Opelika, Alabama.
This reduces the garrison at this post
to one company-Company H. Eigh
We have not heard what the dis
turbancoe in Alabama is but we sop
pose it to be that the people uresliow
ing a dig~ouitio.n not, to swallow Radi
oalisma oheerfully, arnd need a little
dratg.oining to biring them up to the
pro per standard.
Te dep,arture of Tiroop D. was eer
tainsly a so.urco of deep regret to o.ne
class of the cowmmunity. From the
immense concourse of colored damsels
that attended them to the cars, and
from the lachrymose, demonstration at
thme depot, it was not unfamir to ou
clude that the most of the troop had
professed Mormonism wilej serving
on the plains.-Ceeter Rieporler.
-A fttrango ExperIence.
Memphis has a romance. Once upon
a tiie, very many years ag, John E.
Perkins was a school boy of eighteen
ina Kentucky. He had a bosom
friend, who, in a fit of passilon, delib.
erately killed another young sm.
Upon Perkins' evidence alooe, the
boy was convicted of mnurder, and
hanged. Stricken with remorse at
having brought about the death of his
friend, Per kfns took a solemn oath that
he would never again testify In a case
where his evidence might cause the
infliotie~n of.the extremue penalty of the
law. S8uie.time since he.witpoj*ed a
murder in. Memphis, and, on Monday
week, was brought.before a court 0s
tbe principal witness against the wur
derer, True to his oath, he refused
9p give a word of tesi,imony, and was
sqti-te jail, where lie says-he will re
usforer rather thaei testify,
en'id 4ub06 of i qpessipp at fi at
*j~ ,eiog tlel 9yr 'at tb'e
tea-table, hen the s y whos.e duty
t was te presldy.said 1".h.t uay
ora s idiis of ap'r. p fe
sI$bas 4geerally beW,J 1
'* d,~ in a a , r -f
ed the attertios of alpl ies.t.
899op 9. is <*29t.& saw
'Who was Blohard the Third before
"he was himslf again ?"
Card of D. Wyatt liken.
We find the following card In tihe
Abbeville Press and Rinner of last
week. As it is a direct appeal to
platiters and fartmers, who compose
time gteat uejority of our readeis, we
lay it before them for their conside
ration. The fact. that it hits an
ecist.noe at the North is sufficient,
Wt pretume, to reonve all scruples as
to thu dainger of going Into it because
it i. u tiecret, souiety s
CoMEsunty, 8. C., February 26, 1872.
Editor Prefs and Banner:
"Y.ur ivaders have at one time
or anither been the annourcement
that the 'Patrons of lusbandry' weia
an orgauization banied together by
mystic ties, for the benefit of all par
ties directly interested in tie causo
uf agiliulture. During a recent viait
to the Uity of Wa,hington, I took oo.
Dastou to iuvctigate this subject care
fully, sind have no hesitation in as
serting that, as organized, it can
but be of inonioulable advantage to
he planting interest of our couutry,
North, 8outh, East and Wesu.
H ving been pioffered a remponsible
position in the Order, I accepted it
soiely upon the gr.iunds that it would
be purely agicultural. Experience
bua proven to us its virtues, and while
I would not adviae an organizttion
(a Grutnge) of this sort in any commu
uity, mupiy upon the ground of
311riubity, I do nut hesitate to advise
)ur plauters and farmners to unite and
form Granges everywhere; I guaran.
teo to thetu that just so soon, if ever,
that I obser% e any politios, sectarian
em, or other demoralizing induence
>btruding itseif into the Order, either
birough the National or any State
Gratige, I will expose the imposition,
nin protect my fellow planters from
injury qr loss.
You will observe, by the enolosed
3onDtitution, that nine persons may
)rganize a Grange Thirty persons is
the maximum number, -ten of whom
maust be females, that may do the
9ame. It is better to have the larger
aumber at first, bekuse the initiation
fee fur mnales in the outset Is only
three dollari, and for females fifty
aunts ; wheises, five dellars for males
and tMo dullare for' fethales Is the
iniiatidn foe to join an organized
I am prepared to discuss the merits
uf this Order before the publie ; and
will cheerfully go to any portion of
Dur county, or indeed of the State,
where as many aq thirty persona de
siring to organize a Gr%nge may wish
to be informed on thesubject. Apart
from the social feature of tihe Order,
our people will be astobished to learn
the practical advanttdge accruing from
it in many of the Northern States,
atpd in more than one of the Southern.
A careful reading of the constitution
will disabuse the mind of the centrali
.ation suggested by tihe name "Na
tional Grange," whence emanate the
controlling laws of the Order ; and
0o1vit.ce every sceptic, who believes
in them thero is btrength, that a Na
tional H0;ad is as necessary for the
succesul w(.rking of the "Patrons of
husbandf.y," as it is for the vital ex
I taitce of gonnine Republieenimm.
Very truly, D. WYttTT AIIthN.
Consitotioality of the klux Act.
Argumment n theim constitutionlity
of tIe kukiux law comnmenood in the
Sup.rmee Court at Washminmgten Toes
day. The points tiponm which time
court will b,e cailed upon to decide
iirc :i ftlows : First-as to whether
or inog undor time enforcement law of
Ma3 31, 1870, persons can be punish.
edi for comm.ittin.g i erimne defined
under the laws ot the State ; and
secod-As to whether or not the
ight to bear arms i4 a right guaran..
teedl by the Constitutioni and to be
pr teod under the enforcement act.
This~ will subst anitiall y test the validi.
ty of the not inm questl.>n, and decide
whether criminalIs shall be punished
for violatinig this law time same as
those thnat are punished under the
State law. Re:vordy Jhnsmon and
HIenry tanbuerry are io Washington,
and will argne against the Govern
ment, while Attorney-General Wil.
laamns will have charge of the of,ber
A curious re r Gee. Wash
ington has jusit b,en discovered, it
is in that great man's hand writing,
and contains his account kept with the
Governmeit- .wbi eommad4n.
chief, exhibiting an accuracy -and
economy as wonaderfuml as it was patri.
oe erecommend ith immedlate
transmissiomi to G*eneral . .Grant, Id
seribed with the oldisohool.boy motto,
A soIlIer who~ was an inveterate
her nd,gneen ayiug bad his nose,
carried away by a shot, in.th,al
of S3hiloh, was .ask..hLy some of his
9o n~e.if y. Mom aI~d .qything,
as ,ap b o 14 bnhk le
water mighty wail if I only kd e
Southerner~e."Like it does e*ey
where-ererything it den got itS
Cpi8l and Labor.
Henry Ward Beecher replies to
4n enquiry respecting the duty due
to capital and labor, whether or not
they are bound to respect each
other's rights, in the Vew Yoik
Lodger, in the following sensible man
Men talk of capital and labor as if
they were two ebbeutially different
things. They are in faot essentially
one. If a men builds a factory, puts in
machinery, buys raw material, puts
in wokumen, he is said to have in -
vested his capital. The %holo estoh
lishment, is cepital. If it pays the
whole expense of running, including
materials, wear and tear, and wages,
and then has something over and
above, that surplus is called earnings.
It is regarded as fresh capital.
A day laborer who saves three
Jollars a week is a capitalist. If he
puss his savings itato a horse and dray,
..r into a ohet of tools, or into a can
ly shop, he re-invests ; and his capi.
al is, primarily his own productive
force - that is, himf-elf, and see.
1idarily these new means of carry.
og on business. Every step by
vhioh he -ises from poverty to compe.
.enee is in direction of augmented
Every prosperous working nan is
proof to himself that there It no need
of confliot between labor and capi
Payments to laboring men should
be at short intervals, especially when
men have families dependent upon
them. It is better to pay in money
than goods or orders. The tempt.a.
tion to make double profit. on infuri.
or goo,"s leads selfish men to take ad.
vantage of their "hande." Although
a payment by otdere may secure bet
ter goods sometimes than the men
would buy for cash, yet on the other
hand, it leads to oarelessness and
thiftless management in the family.
It in the !fiterbat of. every employer
that his men should be intflligent,
thrifty, and good maiigears in te
household. t is his interest, eVen if
he works by no higher principle, to
deal justly, promptly, and liberally
with all his workmen.
l ournalistle Fisticuff.
One of the cockney editors pt t4p
New Yotk Times recently got soub
bing from Mr. Cummings, the manalo
Ing editor of the Sun, whiob is thos
pleasantly decribed by the hum orit
of the Boston Post:
A day or two ago one. of tlhe
Times editors ventured incautiously
into the sanctum of the Sun, enquir6d
fur Mr. Cauimings, the managing edi
tor, and indicated his disapprobation
of a personal article. Upon Mr.
Cammings assum 'ng the responibili
ty for said article, the Times editor
casually remarked that Cummings
was a liar, whereupon, after the re
mark had been repeated, the manag.
ing editor rose and patted him after
the manner of Mace, inducing bih to
repose horizontally for a time, and
cultivating asbay window" on his dam
ask cheek. The Times editor then
Colfaxed hurriedly from the scene,
and took his griavance into the
Courts. This sad event should teach
all young journalists the folly and
wiokedtne,.s of giving rein to the an
gry passions, a moral lesson hitherto
ably enforced by the lamented Dr.
ceeping to One Thing.
We earnestly entreat every young
man after he has chosen his vocation to
stick to It. Don't leave because bard
blows are to be struck, or disagreeable
work performed. Those who have
worked their wvay up to wealth and
usefulness do thot belong to the shiftiess
an untal class, but maey be recon.
edaogsueb as took off their coats,
rolled uip their sleeves conquer
ed their prejudice agalm-t labor
and manyfully beo the heat end bar.
den of the day. WYhether upoz, the
old farm, where our forefathers toiled
diligently, st riving to bring the toll
to prodluctivenesu, in the machine shop
or factory, or the thosand other busi.
nebs places that invite honest toil and
skill, let thes motto ever be, P'erse
veranee and Industry.
The County Treaurer of Orange,
burg. Capt. Frank UL Greeno, cha'vgea
one George Win Sturgeon with haviOg
stolen $gQQ,000, and appropriated the
same tig his use. This wbney belong.
edA~o he county, and was stolen by
tMfa 'ponster "flab" while actIng a:
deputy treasurer. No good san comeu
to.thIeves and swindlers. This is the
scamp that used to Agate ,around
Blarawell as a Revenue Colleptor
and. bad about $g0 woriB 4f adver
tising done heres for wielh he new
paid. Be#.pow lodes wihht-iljsiloi
. O '-Igel arg'n Oanty..s.Ba ett
- ANetfloiwd 6vi enm the
A$*pgeI .iffatig anp*.thre.etbo
tM aran#yn,his.,+4ha6 be'turned oveira
Aroporti/mo-abt, and eaulI.ted i
AihM Vsega A emo6T sl6h where
bA lbcsgh4 6'4 he saf.
Aute ee a nn ne'ahe
ow Oralnt Went Into nod got Out of th:
Jim Nye, the Senator froin Novad
made a grand spread-eagle speech, re
cently,showing forth the glories (.
General Graut. le dwelt wi ,b
special delight on his hero's compaigil
in Virsinia. The correspondent om
the Niw York World gives an a
count of the ,peeoh, and on this par
tioular point takes up the orator, and
shows how Grant got into and out of
"the Wilderness." We quote hi:
interesting historical faols:
Nye launched into a fulbome eulogy
of Grant as a soldier, and he was par.
ticularly vociferous on Grant and his
campaign fsom the Rujilan to Rich
mond and Appomattox Court Houte.
It is not tor the poor purposes of
answering Nye, but to Unticiplate the
thundersofspeakets who will belisten.
ed tW far and wide next summer, when
they speak of that hideous catbpaign,
that I revive the true record of it. here.
"Grant ham been in the wildeinesn,
before," declared Nye, "and he will
come out of it as -ho did hefore."
How did he come out it I Lot us
teo. Grant, on a:,umintg cotilmand
May 4, 1864, had of offeotivu mun, be.
sides the rosorves, when ho cro.*ed ihe
R,pidan, 125,000. Lee, at the tam
date, had an effective force of 25 000.
Grant's reinforuetuents, -sp to this bat.
tIe of Cold Harbor, Jun 3, were
97,000. Lee's roinforer-nit ntm u) to,
the same date were 18,000. Grn,t's
total force, including iest.forcets
wan 70,000. Rol uris to their respue
tivo Governments shot d that whell
both armjies had reachod the Jans,
June 10, the buimi] e of Gr"n Is an In V
that had boon put hors du combal was
Up to the same date, the nunebe of
Leo's army that hud been pit hors des
combat wa14 19,000. Giant hud w,ore
than three uen for every oie that Loo
had-222,000 to 70,000 Grant lu.t
more than six men for every one ih;t
Lee loot-117,000 to 19,000. Or-.n
lost D paany men as all Lee bad and 12
000 over li .f- . m any imore h ,euo
-117,000 to 706000. Grant having
in the ,sat instance more thin t.
as many men as Lee-125,000 to 52,.
000-yet had to be reinforced by
Inpre tuen tban all Loe ever had
97,000 ,to 79,000. These enormous ar
mies did not cuflico to ovei throw L e.
This line, which was f.w,hr n all
summiur, was abanditond. .\t l it
sut4mer and the fall suceoi i.og, i.ill
.t,hpP the winter, and at lilt the
spring were spent, before by
t6i system of exaElan-inig bix dead or
wounded Northern soldierm fur every
one dead or wounded Southern sol.
diet, the exh%ustion of Loo and his
.priplty'oamuoe* oomplete at A pportatt,-x
Covirt Hotaee. This being the way in)
wh ih Grant got o'ut of the military
wilderness, we may imagine over what.
a wreck and overthrow and ruin ol
the beat interests of his country he
will, if he does, esope from the Vil
derness of popjular doubt and disfavor
that now environs his path to re-elco
A Word on Kerosene.
Dr. James R. Nichols, editor or the
Boston Journal of Chemistry, writes
the following on kerosene.
"Kerosene is not explosive ;a light
ed taper may be thrust into it, or a
flame applied to it, with perfect
safuty. Accidents from kerosene oc
cur from two causes ; i,nperfct manu-s
facture and adulteration. Na4zptha is
volatile, ini imumable, and dangerous,
and with impes feat distillation of
kerosene some naptha 'emuains, and
further, un prinoliled dealers add
n sptha to kerosene. But even napthma
is not explosive ; to render it or the
vapor that rises from it ex plosivo it
munat be mixed withs air, and this is
the great secret of the terrible aoe.
oidents now so frequent. A lamp in311
or iser.rly full, is comparatively safe.
In using imnpure oil, above the line
*of oil is inexplosive vapor, (not gma,)
and as long as it is warms and quiet,
no air can reaeh the oil ; but when
the lamp cool', the vapor condenses,
and a vacuum Is formed whiob is in
stantly filled with air and the miixture
Is more or lest explosive. Let
the lamp be suddenly shaken
and an explosion is probable ;
or let an uanreplenished latup be liuht-*
ed and there is similar danger. Cold
air striking a partially fi ted lamp
will condemse the Yspor, air will rush
in aind there will be an explo6ion.
So mnuoh for Impure kerosene. Moral :
Buy of reponsjle~ parties. an.d always
keep yotur lawaps well filled. "T&e
rbiole hasard oomse from mixed va
A gentlea fr6m Udion Informs
as, says the Carolipiap, that the, re
sent agrep$ have bs4 the effect of still
1 farthet ~araling thejnd4st ry of
tilat do f. He 'e esetith thestt
o~jf_afmirs there de~ tuot enoiiet
Angpespsats the recent iros . inUnion,
e r,nortanf .tt It was doutaleys
'e' work of pn I aendiary. Of the
'bdilMuwg* destr8yed all but the "Na.
tional-Jbsel"-woe covered by insuir
li 1 ese s thoogh England was
--rpsn e pogret politial ohange
iwbl tmaa daea s.n -1r a.
DR. Riclhmoi, wmh is Fa i ,
eft for hi6 e i hotue'inl bt. Jost-pik,
\--;ouji, On ye-toI day mn.g.
l'hey havo beeu indent.ti-d wiih
Xbboville for the l11t revei l er-,
a11d their !Uss will be regtettud by
Suffering humniy iln mnl aboit
Abbeville, will peotiially f.Cel the
Doctor's loss. lie Iad scue I a
large practice and was txtmely stic
colrul in all his under t..kin.4. In
sulgery, the Doctor has beei very for
tunuto, and wielded a charined kifo.
Now that he has gonlo n1d we havo
known him so long and iiniatel , wo
feol at liberty to qpeak of his tmaiy
high qualitiet as a phsician and .s
a kind, olimman gentleuman.
Dr. Rich.ond is.a iative of South
Carolina, and ho old Pilmo:tw Stito
rmy fool hounored in So good] arid ililtti
triou- a son. 1141 roovived hi' liter
ary eluoutiou at Chapel Iill Univer
sity, N. C., litid rectv ivd I'lom tho
degree of A. B. an I A. 11. lie sp itt
sveral years in the bo-qpit- ii of Nowy
York, ini propi; ing himself for the
prfuiont of m<i'l ic ine, tand taid ii 't e d,
inl 1860, inl the N,,w Yoik Umvisity
o' ed Ci"o aUnd Surgery, with gi eat
disttiet ion ; r, c, ivitig, uut if a e a-s
of M6), the firt prmiz in Arnoatv
and the scoid in Surgery. A f e-r
Iiii; graduation, he wet to F' ,p
ind spent ono.cair in the ho-pi.ls
of France tni, Germany, in m.ikigr
him-elf perfect in the h lifg at.
In '61 he cit.ored the the Conldura to
Army, and .erved until the Clo.se 4.f
the war, as -urgein, 11ad dil murh it)
ileviato the sufforiugs of th; --boyI
At the close of the war the D-itor
loo ated itn Abbo% ille. and has I
hore evor si[143 ; IIavin.1 arttail '4 ; ti
et-1daibio uawc Iad lle j:stly I.If
While wA regret our own lo.;, wo
o ng ritrlate 8, J'.-ohl olt t.
acqui.itiion of of good a ph113sici,1
eid mil high mnl a gente
Dr. Johu*M ibon.Ee/
On tihe do.11uth -f the exciterile't,
lately ocuitioie'.4 dirtil'4J7iT1 '
Si) u 1 by thul tuoonntmet that,
iebol cotton boids and 4.,hiipilster."
might t-oonl have an inoeia-ed miari.
k.labl% %Ial-to, at tite Ir iuing shioo
114aker at Nisivillio, Tono., o au '.I
an advortisoieltn to ble in-rred inl the
Bonrer to t he elffot t h ,t. he w ps r,
parei to g V7 sevelit, *%iv ooits 1n
the doll0a for old. rand lil'iy vents fIr
n,w im,ue of Coielar.-to Tiine. T.,
f--r piroved hs itcmpjtneg that, th,
s; roet, in 1rit of hji.-s mte wa-, e t o%l
ed to excss nit tle fuiouwin, tir --
1ag. Old 1111n anf.i olid w. mr i- fmo:.1
vve ry parl; - of the tuir oinad itt
Country wor(*o oi ht1m1i w ith (1rp t
bags itid vali es ciiii.rniin pota pr o.p
rdmtil il! thou-1till, of dhollarm. Tt j
first 1u'an who ellb. d t- o .ltime hilti a
parcel of -.j,.o $2,0m,Ukju, aid - 6i i
titter itonim im-iit, miy b,- boa , ir
imaginod thani desibohd whot tho
audaoious Crispin drew the . pile tt.
warda him and paid over to thel ownel(r
0one-hialf the aijmount in notes of pr
oi,ely the same value andh issno. Fir
tihe reasoni that few ment likb to ailloiw
themnsel ves to remrainj tho only vie'ims
of suoh a huge j1,ke, thce fun i was citm.
tinuod for sevoralhday3s, much toi the~
amiusemnart of those who lhrd- been itn
Lire steret fromn the fi--st, anid to thle
diagtmt of certain abturp onies who ha:d
beenr 80 far mni,lod as to) hatvo at..
tempted a cornor" in the market.
Mil1k Wile Deer.
A gorenrta, huntinag on Cooper*
river a fort days ago, camre noroits a~
milk whIite buck, and birought him i
down. The head, rnot very unmlikr ta
shoeop's, was at ant offioo in .lroad
street, yesterday, attracoting tIhe atton
tien of the ocuous. It is very raro in
these part4, arnd but-few nof thomn hurvo
ever beeni kilied in this sect ion. lToo
bead .is to be mounted by Prof.
Holmes, arid may be soen rat liiip.
poid t a, Mooting street.-Chrarlesto a
Chief Justice Chae wears a goldl
dollar attached ase a charmn to his
watchi-gua rd. le says '-I put thu t
en rmy wvatch-guard when Iium
the first gree:nbanek, intendinig to keep
it ,tlpre tilt Lthe gronbaik wars us
good as It was.' I wero it for ia long
timo,,anid tiigs loked so budam that I
began to despair of ever realizinig my
expeoigqn. So I put.it. away-lock.
ed it up' out of sight. ' After arwhuile a.
cbuingoe amoi fur the b,etter, ad I iouk
It out once mtte ; brat I bijgin to lair
afraid that I'll have to look it up
-The cost to the pubj.le of the Uci.
tori St.ateA'if oret olt hg the intorrnal
revenue alonre,'(o'thor Its. th,rie, fbi~c
yegare Is 423,1709, f940|.o I,W rectal
ledt It ado nii 4ey, A dam.i w ho
eelnld thir ttp rilj1uts ire op.'
)Oe'r to rtou ' Qbs enltii..gjoveiramti,
'64t of (Af.Oo for hris Otrev.mpacaw.
Oh for ibg days whenr talo couutr) was
Whry is ayoug lady fors:akn 1y
her lover lhke a deadly weapo4 I
Beanuan sho a cut-lasu.