Newspaper Page Text
Desportes & Wiiams, Proprietors.] A Family, Paper, Devoted to Science, Art, Inquirv, Industry and Literature, [Terms---$3.00 uer Anmun, In Advano
VOL. VIII.] WINNSBORO. S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, JUNE , 1872. [NO. 2
IS PUBITSII) W3CKLY BY
DESPORTES & WILLIAMS,
Teri.-Tus H nRALD is published Week
y in the Town of Winnsboro, at, $3.O in
variably in advance.
0o All transient advertisements to be
paid in advance.
Obituary Notices and Tributes $1 00 per
110W IT 1a DIADE-A HOUSE WIIERE
DIEN NEVER LAUGiI.
How do you think you wolid like
to live, fearing every moment to be
blown up-not doariug to speak loud,
or.j ir anything, for fear of starting
an explosion that would send you in
an instant to the other world ?
You don't think it would be very
pleasant ? Well, it isn't ; yet hun
dreds of mon live, just in that state
work, receive pay, and live, year after
year, in the very sight of death, all
that the world may have gunpowder.
You can easily guess why those
men go about quietly, and never
You know that gunpowder is very
dangerous in a gun, or near a fire,
but perhaps you don't know that it is
equally dangerous all through the pro.
coss of making. A powder-mill is a
fearful place to visit, and strangers
are very seldom allowed to go into
one. They are built far from any
town, in the woods, and each branch
of the work is done in a separate
building. These houses are quite a
distance from each other, so that if
one blows up it won't blow up the
rest. Then the lower parts of the
building are made very strong, while
the roofs are very lightly set on, so
that if it explodes only the roof will
suffer. But in spite of every care,
sometimes a whole settlement of the
powder-mills go off almost in an in'
.Btant, and every vestige of the toil of
years will be swept away in a few aco
But though you feel like holding
your breth to look at it, it is really
a very interesting process to see. It
is made, perhaps you know, of char
coal, saltpetre and brimstone. Each
of these articles is prepared in a
house by itself ; but, the house where
they are mixed, is the first terrible
one. In this building is an immense
mill-stone, rolling round in an iron
bed, and under the stono are put the
three fearful ingredients of gunpow
der. There they are thoroughly mix
ed and ground together. This is a
very dangerous operation, because if
the stono comes in contact with its
iron bed, it is very apt to strike fire,
and the merest suspicion of a spark
wou'd set off the whole. The mate
rials are spread three or four inches
thiu-ho bed ;the wheel goes by
water power, is started, and every
man leaves the place. The door is
shut and the machinery left to do the
terrible work alone. When it has run
long enough the will is stopped and the
men come back. This operation
leaves the powder in hard lumps or
The next house is whero the cakes
are broken into grains, and, of course,
is quite as dangerous as the last one.
But the men can't go away from
this ; they are obliged to attend to
it every moment, and you may be
sure no laugh or joke is over heard
withi-i its walls. Every one :who
goes in has to take off his boots and
put on rubbers, because one grain of
the dangerous powder, crushed by the
boot, would explode the whole in an
The floor of this house is covered
with loather, and is made perfectly
black by the dust of the gunpowder.
It contains a set sieves, each one
smaller than the last, through which
the powder is sifted ; and an immense
. ground and laboring mill, where it is
rtound up, while men shovel it in
with wooden shovels. The machine.
ry makes a great deal of noise, but the
mna nrc silent, as in the other heus.
es. The reckless crashing of the
machinery even seems to give great
horror, and one is very glad to get out
of that house.
The storing house is the next one on
the list, and there the gunpowder is
heated on wooden trays. it is very
hot, and no workmen stay here. F'roma
.there it goes to the packing house,
and is put up in barrela, kegs and
Safely through all those houses, ii
goes at last to the storehouse. One
feels like drawing a long breath tc
see the fearful safely stuff packed
away, out of the hand of men, ir
this curious house.
You've heard of things being ai
dry as a powder-house, but you.
wouldn't think this house very dry
It is almost imbeddod in water. The
roof is one hi g tank filled with water
IDid yon ever hear of a water roof be
fore ? Initoad of steps to go in, ther<
are shallow tanks of water, through
which every one must walk to th<
1n none of these powder-housesi
any light every allowed, except sun
light. Tfhe'wages are good, the day
wbrk Is short, ending alway at 3 o1
rious look, that makes one think
every moment of the danger, and glad
to get away.
Though curiosity may take a man
once to visit a powder-mill, he has
no desire to go a second tiie; lie
feels all the rest of his life that for
once he haa been very near death.
The Greeley Mania.
The enthusiasm for Greeley in the
South, which is difficult for us to un.
derstand, is at once undignified and
unwise. We are prepared to take
him as a choice of evils, but not to
fall down in homage at the feet of
the philosopher. To occupy any
other position than that of constrain
ed support, would be for us to in.
dulgo in hypocrisy, inasmuch as we
cannot forget though we are willing
to forgive the past. Amnesty for
amnesty is right enough ; but enthu
siasm in this piece of business-for
business it is-amazes us.
But there is another consideration
which should not be lost sight
of. We had ample experience in the
Seymour campaign, and should be
instructed now that our ardernt sup
port of any man at the North must be
hurtful. When hesitating Republi
cans in that section see that such con
spicuons "rebels" as Beauregard, and
Mahone, and Hood, and Bragg, and
Gordon, and D. 11, 11 ill, and Pickett,
and Admiral Semmes, are counted
by our papers as in favor of Greeley,
then they begin to apprehend a new
"rebellion," and find themselves in a
fit fame of mind to listen to the war
speeches of Morton, Logan & Co.
Appeals to men's passions and
prejudices are proverbially more po
tential than those addressed to their
reasons ; it is in this knowledge that
Grant advocates all, with one ao~
cord, endeavor to inflame the North
ern masses against us by hideous in
vention, all foreshadowing a new "ro
bellion," and a grand St. Bartholo
mew's day for the emancipated
This is all absurd. None know
this better than we do ; but the peo
ple of the North have been studiously
educated to believe that we are ripe
for treason and stratagems. Certain
ly it begins to look, in some quarters,
as if a few of our people were not in.
different to the spoils, even though
gathered at the heels of Grant.
We have correctly represented the
tamper of a large body of citizens at
the North. They are honestly be
lieving that we are meditating sedi
tion, privy conspiracy and rebellion,
and when they see Mr. Greeley's
name bailed with enthusiasm in the
South they become alarmed.
Let us, then, moderate our words
and actions. We stund committed,
as we understand the situation, to a
choice of evils, and. there can be no
hesitation in our selection ; but let
us make this with becoming dignity.
Self respect and sourd policy both
dictate this course, and if our coun
sels prevail, what we have to do in
this canvass will be done resolutely
and in solid column, but without sound
of trumpet and flaunting of bannere.
The Charges Against Treasurer Parker.
The circular of Treasurer Parker
in reference to the appropriation for
public schools exonerates him from
blame in not paying out said appro-.
priation. We are glad to see that he
has at last put the responsibility whore
it properly belongs, and hope he will
continue to "rise to explain" other
Imatters equally interesting to the
people. HeI is charged with paying
money out of the troeury to defeat
impeachment, and to keep out of the
penitentiary the thieves in high posi
tions who have plundered the State
and ruined her credit. We ask, him
to say upon whose order this money
was paid, to whom, and in what
amounts. We know that Mr. Parker
can fasten this corrupt expenditure
where it belongs, thereforc we ask
him to do it, as fully arnd as clear ne(
he (loes this school appropriation. In
addition lie can tell howv much money
was paid out to pass such infamous
measures as the validating bill, inten
dedonl toshield and protect dis.
inetofcials from the penalty of th<
law. Let him state the facts boldly
and fearlessly, and then the people
will see why our schools are closed, ouw
judges unpaid, our benevolent institu.
tions on the charity of individuals
arnd why the reply of "no money" ii
Igiven to the creditors that daily be,
siege the treasury.-Baufore Times
One of the effects of the discontin
was seen in our town shortly after tlh(
news reached this point. One of oui
unfortunate citizens who believes thai
"distance lends enchantment . to thl
view" of Deputy United States Mar.
shal (especially such as Hendricks'
-had "lain low and kept sandy" so loni
that he actually came to a town with
a dirt-dobber's nest stioking to th(
back of his vest. We were an eye.
witness to this, and, if necessary
other proof is eloso at hand.-Lau
Sweetening one's coffee is generall;
the first stirring event of the day.
Speech of Senator Ransom.
In the Uuited States Senate, last
Monday, Mr. Buckingham, of Con..
nectiout, made a few remarks in op
position to a pending Bill removing
the disabilities of ex-Governor Vance,
which elicited from General Ransom,
of North Carolina, the following clo.
quent speech -
Ono word in ieply to the honora
blo Senator from Connecticut. Let
me say that I have. formed the ac.
quaintance of that Senator, and have
been impressed with his courteous
bearing to gentlemen on this floor
and his apparent desire to do right.
But let me tell that Senator that the
sentiments which he has just given
utterance to are not the sentiments to
cultivate the pence and harmony of
the country, or to exalt its character
in the opinion of the World. Lot
me say to the Senator and to the
country that this great Republic can
not afford to be wanting in magna
I recall no instances in the Ilistory
of civilized nations when the charao.
ter or the interest of a people has
suffered from the exercise of magna
nimuity-that highest virtue in indi
viduals and States. I must say that
the Senator does not comprehend the
genius and temper of the people of
the South. They are a brave, gener
ous, fir people, and the spirit and
principles of honor are, as they have
ever been, very dear to their hearts.
It is true they took up arms
against the Government, and for four
years manifested under unspeakable
trials their devoted virtues, that if
they did not make their efforts suo
ccssful, at least vindicated them from
dishonor. The war is over. The
people and States of the South have
in good faith acknowledged their al
legianee to the Government of the
United States ; nothing but injustice,
suspicion and distrust on the part of
the North can interfere with the
harmony so esssential to national pros.
The South desires peace and jus
tice, liberty and equal rights-a con
stitutional government. Vith these
the Union will be perpetual. It is
true, Mr. President, that with the
people of my state and her Southern
sisters I took up arms against the
government, antd stood faithfully, I
trust, by their fortunes until all hope
was extinguished. Nor do I blush to
name it here. It is not ploper, nor
have I the desire to discuss the right
or wrong of these events which have
now passed into histoty. I prefer,
greatly prefer, as our people do, to
unite with all patriotic men in heal
ing all our wounds and bending all
our energies to promote and secure
the peace, happiness and honor of the
whole American people. And let
me here in my place say that if dan
ger should from any quarter threaten
this country-if war with England,
with France, with Spain, with any of
the great powers upon earth should
unhappily oome-I tru.t I should be
found standing with my gallant friend
(Mri. Blair) and the equally devoted
Sonator from Illniois (Mr. Logan) in
defending the honor and the flag of
And let me say to the Senator from
Connecticut that if you will do the
South justice, and trouble should una
happily comae upon the eountry, you,
will find the brave spirits among that
noble people looking their shields
with the gallant men of the North in
defence of the common home and soil,
and that thme same high courage and
heroic devotion and unshaken forti
tude wvhich have ever characterized
our people, will be again displayed
under the flag that Washington first
unfurled. Lot mec ngain say to the
Senator from Connecticut that this
great Republic will best cherish its
honor, its great name, and its mighty
destiny by the exercise now of justice,
magnanimity, generous and affection
ate confidence toward the people of
OldI Timies ini Georgia.
lIon. lvorson La. Ilarrisona delivered
a lecture to the Good Templars of
Alilledgeville on the 23d ult., on old
times in Georgia, and especially in
Milledgoville. Ihow justice was ad..
ministered in the old times is told in
tho following paragraph:
Among the earlier rem iriseences of
Milledgeville the speaker described
the ducking of a common scold, under
solemn sentence of the law, in the
Oconee river, by the high rsheriff of
the country, before the transition
froin the rigid c'ommon law to our
popular code. T1he rspeaker had also
seen, about the year 1814 or 1815, a
imamn executed for the passing of a five.
dollar counterfeit bill I TIhe present
temper of the age, and the resultant
c hange of la ws in these instances, a\.e
striking Illustrations of progress.
The Lonle Mhourner.
The only member of the Bennett
family present at the funeral of the
late James Gordon Bennett In New
York was Mr. James Gordon Benett,
Jr., and it was stated that Mrs. Bieu,
net, and Miss Jennlo Bennett. re
inained in France.
The lowest education that toachest
self-control Is bettor than the highest
that noglanta it
An Indial War In Texas.
TEN THOUSAND SAVAGES ON TIE WAR.
PATI-UONSTERBATION OF TiE SET
TI.iRS-TWO REGIME1NTS OF CAVAL,
flY CALLFD FOR.
ST. Louis, June 18.-Judge Hub.
bell, the general agent of the Atlan
tie and Pacific Railroad, who has just
returned from a business tour iv
T<.xq, brings information that befort
leaving Sherman, Texas, an army
officer arrived there f( omn Port Rich.
m0ond and reported that a body oi
Indians, variously estimated at from
three to ten thousand, had made ar
incursion into Texas, and were over.
running Yanecy, Jack Dentou, and
Pat ker Counti s, and that the settlorF
were filled with consternation and
alarm. The Indians said they were
going to lluntsville to liberate San.
Lanka and Big'Troe, who are confned
in the State Prison there. It was ro.
ported that all the Indians on the
Port Still reservation had left
and gone on the war-path. Al.
ready two fights had occurred near
Weatherford, in which four whites
were wounded and two Indians killed,
rwo Indians were captured and
lodged in Weatherford jail. Thc
3ommanding officer of Fort Richard
on is said to have gone to Austin to
-onault with General Augur regard
ing the invasion, and the latter is re
ported to have telegraphed for two
uore regiments of cavalry Ito repoi t
immediately at the points threatened
by the raiders. Judge Hubbell says
Lhoro is no doubt in the minds of well
informed ''exans that a big Indian
war is at hand. Many settlers are
leaving their homes. It is believed
3hat the Kiowns were the leaders of
the raid, assisted by the Apaches and
fthers. There is no q uorum at the
Dehkmulgee council up last Tuesday,
and none of the wild tribes from Fort,
Still had yet cone to participate in
the deliberationis. Tie crops in
Northern and Western Texas are
hlow the South is Goin g to Baltimore.
The South is foxr weeks froi this
lay, going to Baltimore with dole
;atirns representing the people a nd
Dutside the Convention, to meet,th cir
4orthern fellow citizens. There they
jope to re-establish peace-hearty,
tincere, and enduring. They will
;ako with them the olive branch of
peace and unity, and will plnce it
iide byside with that of their North.
3rn fellow citizens, offering all preju
lices upon the altar of the country,
ancelliig all difference and disputes,
and exchanging the cordial taluta.
ions of friendship ond good faith.
We hear of delegations front many
3ities. New Orleans, headed by
3eueral Longstrect, will send, possi
bly, five hundred. Other cities are
imitating her example. Richmond
and other Virginia towns will send
large delegations. Richmond har
Dne list of three hundred. They go
with Greeley hats and negligent air
and pants stuffed in their boots.
Such demonstrations will be re
sponded to, we know, with heart and
hand by the North, and such mneetino
and greeting will be without preco
dent. An alienated people will be
restored to fraternal relations, and
the peas of rejoicing will reverberat<
through all the mountains, valleys
and plains of the Untion.-Batinnon
aively Scene at the Whlile Ilonsc-a
Prince licorgian Wants to Whip the
Yesterday morning about 9 o'clock
Oflicer Kearney noticed a wild look
ing mtan walking about the lowel
rooms of the Excutive Mansion
and thinking thtis rather suspicious
began to question him. During th<
conversation, he stated thtat his name
was Richard F. Jones, from P'rinc<
George's county, Md., and demanded
to see the President. Upon heing
informed that the President was ou
of town, lie insisted that lhe should b<
immediately telegraphed for, as h<i
(Jones) had whipped the whole world
and could not feel contented until h<
had whlipped the President also
whose office should be filled by th<
Pope of Rtome. The world-whippe
was taken in chtarge by Office:
Kearney, who started with him fo
police headquarters. ie proceedot
along quietly for somic distance, whe1
suddenly lie turned upon the offie
and attempted to break away, (ii
which effort ha. tore his coat). Office
Duvall and Shelton soon came to th,
rescue, and with thtoir united aidl th
prisoner was finally safely lodged a
plie headquarters. - W'ashingto
In New York on Wednesday ever
ing nearly all the people living a
Mrs. EA. R. Locke's extensive board]
ing house, -East Thirty-fourIt
street, were taken ill from eating oum
tard, supposed to have been poiseone
and before daylight nearly thirty poi
sons were more or less affected, thi
proprietress worse thtan any one elsa
II er life was at one time despaired o
but on Thursday evening everybod
was well again. low .the oustar
was poisoned is unknown, but it is b<
lieved to have been the result of a
The Charleston News, of yesterday,
On Friday last, about eighteen
miles from the bar, tho pilot boat
Perry was spoken by a small rakish
steamer, yacht like in style, and ap
pareutly manned and armed for ao
tion. On oommunicating with the
steamer, it was understood that an
oflicer with dispatches debirod to come
to town, and an agreement having boon
made, the passenger was taken on
board the Perry, and reached here
on Friday evening, and was accomno
dated at the Charlozton Hotel. The
matter romained quiet until Satur
day, when the officer was visited and
gave the following information : His
name is J. Auguste Chauveaux, see
ond lieutenant of the Cuban steam
gunboat Pioneer, commanded by Cap
tain Francis L. Norton ; first lieuten
ant, Janes T. Ilatricks ; sailing muas
ter, Roscoo H1. Cain ; boatswain, Ber
The Pioneer is armed with two
thirty-pounder Parrots and one eigh.
teen-inch French rific gun, with a fine
crew of able-bodied won. The
steamor, it is reported, has been cruis
ing for some tinte in the inlets and off
the coast of the easteotn end of Cuba,
and was last fiom Cape Maysi. There
were no laio battles reported oi the
islands, but tho lieuteuant is of the
opinion that the Spaniards will finally
be driven off by the revolutionary
forces. Important dispatches were
brought here, wlhich will be sent
North to the friends of the Cuban
Lieutenant Chauveaux was found
to bo Courteous, but reticent, as to the
movements of the btoamleer. lie loft
3esterday morniing on the Northas
turin train on his way to Now York.
A suspicion is entertained that the
Pioneer it none other than the rup
posed Cuban filibuster iantnio, which
recently cleared fron Baltimore, and
was chased on the night of the 7th in
stant by tle revenue cutter North
einer until sie was lost sight of, about
seventy-fivo miles South of Fortress
Judgc Orr at Phildclphia.
It may be that Judge Orr posesses
that Roman firn:nesbs and patriotism
which induce him to order his owt
son to disgraceful death. But we
hardly think so. We thIinak ie wenti
out of thle way in Philadelphia to
laud the worst act of tyranny and op.
pression that the present century has
witnessed, by extolling the Ku Klux
laws and praising General Grant for
his clemency in - locking in bastiles
those who wore his first friends and
his present neighbors.
No one knows better than Judge Orr
that in all these cases the juries, both
grand and petit, vere packed not to
try but to convict ; and lie also knows,
that out of more than five hundred
cases submitted to the grand jury,
tle unprecedented and hitherto un
heard of result was, that true bills
were found against each and every one
of thoin. And yet with these facts be.
fore him he maligns the State, rejoices
in tite bitter punishmentof his neigh.
bots, and in oid sounding terms
praises the despotic hand that puts
upon them a deep and humiliating
degradation. Our personal relations
to Judge Orr make us deeply regret
tAt hte should feel called upon te
take a course so damaging to him as a
tian and as one oaf the administrators
of thte laws of this State.- George.
Advioces frotm New Oleans an
-nounce the death of General Daniel
W. Adlams, a prominent citizen of that
oity. General Adams was a Mississip
pian by birth, and several with gal
lantry anid distinction oit thte Confed.
crate side during the late civil war, as
also did his brothter, General Wir'
Adams. Hie cmmanded a brigade
in Generals Bragg',s armny, and wvas
badly wounded at Shiloh and again
in East Tenncssao towards the closeof0
the wvar. Since the war General
Adams has resided in New Orleami
where lie was elected chairman of th<
combined execntive committees of the
sup porters of Greeley and Brown ir
It is not safe to write promissory
notes for practie. TIhey may turi
r up some day and retturn to plaguo th<
writer. A case has just been trie<
r down in Maine, which was brought fo
Sthe recovery of mioney on a promis
sory note, anid the defendant testifle(
Sthat the note was written for praotic<
while hte and his brother wore study
ing "P'artial paymecnts," and wva
made payable to an old man who hap
pened to be p.resent, and who ha'
sincee died. ile escaped a comuplet
payment for his thoughtfulness in par
tial payments by proving that h
was net of age when the note wa
Some Chicago ladies lately visite<
-a sick and widowed neighbor, shingle
0 her house, planked her side-walli
-picketed her fence, painted one root
r, and papered two, and split and pile
Y a load of slab wood.
,. In Chicago it is proposed to proh
a bit all doors and gates opening so s
toi ohatruct aidlks.e
Sud.Effcels of the "Dolly Varden" Fashion
If husbands are to be mistaken ii
"Dolly Varden" dresses, as with ti
unfortunate husband in Philadelphia
the soaner the fashion is equolched
the better will it be for the peaco oj
socioty. The husband in questior
one night missed from the suppel
table his Wife Matilda, and inquirot
ofhi.i little boy whither had she gone
and just at that moment the dining
room dooropened and a lady entered
The husband observed a wild look it
her eye, and also noticed that she wa:
attired in an outlandish style, havin1
on, as lie says, a dress with sun-flow
ere, and cabbages, and pumpkins,
worked all over it, and a lot o
snakes sqairming around for a baol
Rising, the man said : "Madam,
uhomn do you wish to see I" and then
said, aside, "Poor thing, she's crazy.'
That last remark settled the businosE
for him, as the wiord female made
a bolt and tightly grasped his Adn'a
apple, and choked bins until his face
assumed the color of a banner of the
Commune. After she had enjoyed a
surfeit of choking her husband, she
flopped into a chair, and with tearE
coursing each other down her chceks,
"That I should ever live to hear my
husband say that I was crazy."
This amused the husbaud, and
elevating himclf to his full propoi.
tioiS, said :
"You can't blame me, Madam, for
supposing you at insanao wonmi, and
now that I know you are the mnother
of these interesting children, will you
have the kindness to re '-o to the
sanctity of your chamber and pol
yourself of that piece of furniture
chintz, or window curtain, or whatever
it is ) ou call it."
"Window curtain, chintz !"said the
spouse; "why its you that's out of
your head. That's a Dolly Varden,
and a very pretty pattern too.
"Madan," replied the husband,
"we may be out of head, but if that
is a Dolly Varden we are most deci.
dedly out of pooket. Why, it looks
like a circus dress, and the idea of a
woman at your time of life-"
"My time of life !"
"Yes, your time of life. The next
thing, I suppose, you will be practie.
inig the trapeze not in the back yard.
Why, it is enough to give a man the
deliriun tremens to look at it. Who
over saw such a pattern I It's flash
wall paper run mad. You look ex.
notly like some Japaneso tea sign.
And now just bounce out of here with
that Feejo iuittle flag, or you'll scaro
h1e b.b, to h
Thet %as an ominous pause for a
moment, and then the eldestdaughte,
"Why, you ought to be ashamed
or yourself, father. it's all the style,
and I am going to h ave one, too; there
now." "Yes, and I want one ; all the
girls have got them." Thus spoke
Maria, the second eldest. "Any
more " gasped the hiusband ; "arc
there any more ? Hadn't the bab
better have one I Guess I'll get oi
mysolf. Hiow do they make up foi
pantaloons I Hia ! Ia 1 Ila I (Do.
moniacally.) Let mc have a Dolly
Varden. Let me clutch it. Bring
me a pattern of monkeys selling lamp
posts. Ilow would a Chinese puzzle
look or a map of Fairmount Park 1'
The unhappy husband has just beet
liberated from anm asylum and pro.
nounced cured. But the only way
they man~aged it was to dress him in
a Dolly Varden, marked out with th<
ground plan of the streets of Boston,
An article by Judge Ilannay, in
thme Kansas hMagazine, gives the origin
of the wvord "Jayhaawkers," as used it
Kansas history. Ina 1856, an inadi,
vidual named Patt Devlin was seen
entering the village of Obsawotomnie
in Miami county. Ile was ridinag a
mule, and loaded with no ineonsidera.
ble amount of plunder. "You looks al
if you haad been out on an excursian,'
said some one to him. '-Yes," ssaid
P'at, "I have been out jay hawking.'
P'at then explained that the jayhawk
er was a bird ini Ireland which warn
ed its prey before devouring it. Fron
this little incident sprang the use o
Petrificatlon of Bodies.
"A Traveler" writes as follow ti
the London News:
The petrification of corpses is no
a new art in Italy. At the conm
miencement of the present centuryi
was practiced by a meadieal man a
Florence, and in one of the haospital
of the town the bosom of a woman I
shown which was petrified by bini
it has all the appearance of ivor~
is in a perfeot state of preservation
lai the same hospital there is a tabl
apparently of pietra dusra. The dii
ferent stones, however, of which it
formed are petrified slices of huma
,A toll keeper in Virginia was latt
a ly brought before a magistrate f<
o ruelty to his daughter, ocoasioned b
her allowing her lover to dri'
through the gate free, when site hae
-. oharge of It. -Like one of Shak,
*s speare's heroines, "she never ,tolle
Irish Pototors in Middle Georgia.
I Mr. Henry Temple's great and sim.
i plo mode of culture should be gener.
, ally known. Ie plants on the rod
, lands of Al illodgoville, Georgia.
1 First-two crops a year ; the fall
I crop much the beat, and koop-s fresh
and sound all winter, like Northera
Second-No rotation . he plants tho
samo ground for ten years.
Third-Tho crop averages a pound
to the iquaro foot-so wetimes double
that. The spring and fall crop
together not less than one thousand
bushels por acre.
Fourth-lHis modo, the simplest of
all publishud, viz: (a) Manures broad.
east, oay a half inch coating, or more.
(b) Thun plows and.oross.plows, deep,
with a couion"rootor." This keeps
the manure on top of tho ground-a
main point. (a) Plants very close ;
about one seed to every square foot
i. e., drops seed about ton inches
apart in a "rootor" furrow, and cover
with the next furrow ; and so on,
dropping seed in every furrow, and
covering about as deep as corn. (d)
i Lastly, covers the ground with pine
straw, about three inches deep, or
more. In the spring don't spread
straw until the seeds is well sprouted
and coming up ; for the earth is cold
and wet then, and the seed needs
warm sunmhino. But in July, when
you plant the fall crop, cover with
straw immediately, so as to keep the
ground cool ind shaded.
Fifth-July janting, for the fall
crop, needs special care of the seed, or
it will fail to sprout and como up
but a little care insures it. All
needed is, just dig potatoes enough
three or four weeks beforehand of Uha
spring crop-say early in Juno-and
lay themi away in a dark rooum, ao that
the eyes or buds may ripen. Theit
plant aid cover with the "rooter,"
plow and pine straw in July, and your
fall crop is sure-miaking very small
weed, but very large potatoes.
Sixth-Mr. Temple's culture is a
great success ; a simplo truth iu
President Farmers' Club of Baldwia
[Southern Farm and 1o1me.
The Baltimore Convention.
Says the Baltimore Gazette :
The selection of Ford's Opera
House as the place of meeting of thu
Democratic National Convention is
an exceedingly proper and judicious
one. The building is one of the
finest of the kind in the country, and
when all the contemplated arrange.
ments for the convenience of the dole.
gates are completed, it will be found
to be in every respoot suitable for
the grand conclave of the National
Democracy. It is believed that
ample accommodation will be furnish.
ed for at least. six thousand people
mid besides this, every facility wilL
be afforded in the way of committeei
and ooeption rooms. It is intended
to decorate the building in an appro
priato ianner; and we are assured
that nothig will be left undone to
mako the building attractivo as well
A- American adventuress in M-Wuniclz,
Foreign papers publish a sensation
story of an Amearican adventuress who
charmedI the young King of Bavaria
omuhthat he sought her society
rind made her numerous presents.
D~etectives, however, dispel led the
charm by making a raid upon her
trunks, fiuding ber to be the wrong
sort oft a woman for ioyalty, and wvhen
her true character was fully exposed
she was permitted to depart into
Switzerland, with about $l,000O
Iworth of jewels, money and oitber
valuablesngathered from the King aid
other distinguished personages. She
is registered ns M rs. Fanny Jordan,
Cincinnati, Ohio, U~nited States.
ArrIval of Rlemains of Confederate Dead
We learn from the Richmond
Dispatch that one of the steam ships
of the Powhmatan Company's line ar
rived in that city on Saturday, having
on board 708 bodios of the Confeder
ate soldiers that were previously
buried at (Gettysburg, Pa. Three
hundred of these were members of
Piokett's Division. The bodies will
be cscorted to Hollywood early this
week by the First Regiment Virginia
Rh fare lionesty.
t Tefirst man who took the benefit
s of the bankrnpt law in Virginia afteit
a the passage of the act, in 1807, went
.west shortly afterward. Recently he
, returned to thme city, and before
.night bad paid all his .former
o creditors in full for the claims
-which they held against him
a when ho went into bankruptcy. We
n suppose there are few such eases on
record, and it speaks well for our poo,
ur The following composition has been ,(
y turned out by American scholar, aged
'e 13: A boy without a father is ao
d horphanm, without a mother, a horphan,
a. but is oftenest without a grand.father
ud and a grandtuother, and then heg