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Desportes & Williams, Proprietors.] A Family Paper, Devoted to Science, Art, Inquirv, Industry and Literature. [Terms--.$300 -erAnnumInAdvanor
VOL. VIII.] WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 21, 1872.-[NO. 1
18 PIl11811Ki) WEEKLY ny
DESPORTES & WILLIAMliS,
Terms.-Tins IIsci,, is publisliel Week
ly in the Town or Winnsboro, at, 63.00 in
variably in advance.
8i&" All transient advertisemen(s to be
paid in advance.
Obituary Notices and Tiibutes $1 00 pr
LcIlcr fro ani s|1 ul pliur SprIlngs.
Wi-rE SuI.I'iuion SnImos, VA.,
August 10th 1872.
Mesyrs. Editors :
I wrote you last from Now York,
and now undertake the pleasing task
of interesting your readers, if so for
tunate, with an epistle from this cele
brated watering place. 1 shall not trou
ble you with more than a simple para
graph in relation to the all absorbing
question, which, for several days past,
has been on the lips of the innuincra
ble politicians, who frequent this
piace, viz: "I ow goes the North
Carolina election ?" Among the
twelve hundred visitors here I have
found Lut one man, who declares for
Grant, and lie, as might be expected,
an oflice holder from Washington.
The Northern States are but partially
represented the present season, most
of the visitors are from 3altimore and
New Orleanw, but ill the Southern
States are well represented, about
thirty-five from South Carolina.
There are no professional letter wri
ter., or dead-heads here, who mnakc
their board by publhiiig extravi
gant and absurd "puffs" of their fa
vorites, or disgusting the public, (as
northern papers do,) with a record of
the shoddy aristocracy. I venture
the assertion however, that there is at
this place more beauty, among the la
dies, and a better class of high-toned
southern gentlemen than can be found,
at all the watering places of resort,
vort, north of the Potomac, and every
seems to "move on,)' in perfect liar
mony ; characterited with social in
tercourse, and the moit friendly rela
tions, sympathetic with every one,
I mpelled by a sense of what is due to
the proprietors of the White Sulphur
Springs, it affords me pleasure to say,
they are equally polite and social, do
ing everything in their power to pro
moto the comfort of all their guests.
I can safely say, from my own cxpe
rienoc the past three years, and from
personal observation in respect to oth
crs, that the value of the waters and
climate cannot be over-estimated ;
whilst the beautiful scenery, and
bracing quality of the atmosphere,
stand unrivalled by any watering
place on the continent. The ther
monr.eter ranges from 45 dog. sunrise
to 70 deg. at 12 m. I have slept
every night under a pair of blankets,
and for the last three days we have
bad a very comfortable fire in the
At least two-thirds of the dis
tance from Washington City, to this
place presents to the traveller sonmc
thing of interest ; the Federal Comne
tery with its three thousand graves,
and headstones, all alike arrayed in
military order, the residence of JefC
ferson, the Alilitary Institute, more
than a dozen tunnelr, two of which
exceed a mile in length, directly
through the bow~els of the mountains,
and last not least, the towering precd
pices and waterfalls as you ascend and
descend, either the Alleghany or the
Blue Ridge, presentinig to the eye of
the traveller the most beautiful and
picturesque scenery in the world, the
cloud capped towers of the Alps, not
even excepted. The hotel, with some
thirty or forty cottages are located in
a valley, the terminus at present of
the Ghesapeake and Ohio Rail Road,
sorranged with somel degree of taste at
the foot of the mountains ; above wve
see the towering peaks, these great
curiosities of nature. Often times,
wvhen the sun is shining br-ighitly over
our heads in the valley, we look up
and find fleeting clouds, enveloped in
mazy v'ipor, rising over tree tops, un
til relic-ed by a counter current in
distilig a copious shower of rain,
and often accompanied with the loud
artillery of heaven, whilst all is safe
below. Again, when in the evening.
the sunset throws its hues over the
whole soone, the mountains becomt
tinged wvith the radiance of patrting
day, throwing back a tinge rich and
glowing, with the luxuriance of na
ture and mingling the bright vordur<
with the fleeting colors of the sky
Tha scn is norfeotiy marvelous an
I have no doubt, your readers, and
perhaps yourself may say, "this seems
somewhat exaggerated, and is but
the product or effect of a visionary
imagination ;" yet I candidly assure
you it is not a pectic fancy, but really
what ocours in the nature of the
scenes, which I have thus feebly at.
tempted to describe.
To change the subject, I might spin
out a lengthy epistle in regard to lo.
cal matters, or enlarge at some length
on the Presidential canvass, which I
find, everywhere I have visited this
summer, to be the all absorbing ques
tion, and which in truth creates more
interest even than the prospect of
good crops, except perhaps within the
limits of our own State. I have had
the pleasure, if it be such, to eoe the
two candidates for the Presidency,
and to give you 'my private opinion,
I would pronounce one of them (in a
mixed crowd unknown beforehand) to
be an old fasiibned country farmer,
of plain address and social man
nors, with "ecra to sell ; " the other
an Irish porter, or Pearl Street dray
man, waiting for orders, a regular
Bowery boy, in his Sunday clothes.
The contest North and West will be
a doubtful one, and is already creat
ing the greatest excitement ; heavy
betting on both sides already, the
monied power however is decidedly
with the present incumbent, and not
one of the States north of the Poto
mac, considered safe for the "old white
/at," except New York. Much de
pends on the Southern States, where
a great an interest is not manifested .
'Samnbo is joined to his idol," and it
behooves every white voter to do his
best for his own safety. If we loose
this election, a dynasty will surely be
established, and "the heel of the ty
rant will be placed on the neck of the
South." Greeley and Grant clubs are
already organized everywhero, and
the respective partizans are counting
their numerical strength, with
some degree of certainty.
I might add a few lines in "spot
ting" some of the most prominent
persons at the Spring.s, but justice
would reqluire that I should tell per.
hasl too muc11h if I spoke the truth ;
sufliee it to say there are no very dis
tinguished men here except nil E4
lishi it i, and a Scotch Lord, neither
one of whom attract more than ordi
nary attention, both of whom are well
pleased, and have made several very
complimentary remarks about the
Southerners, more c.qpecially the la
dies, somo of whom fully deserve all
that has been said in their favor.
There are more "belle" than
"benuxs," what a pity ? Ono of the
favorites has attracted the special lit
tention of a personal acquaintance of
yours from South Carolina, with a
strong probability of suieccsm.
A St. Louis paper y that a man
named lenry Necley wont down iln
a well on Saturday night at Bissell's
I'oint, for the purpose of recovering a
lhat which had been droppemd in. In
a short time he gave a signal of dis
tress, which told those above him that
lie was being overcome with foul
air. Theic was but little time for
deliberation. A rope was hastily
procured by the bystaniders, one end
of wvhiuh was frmied inmto a noose
and let down to the sufferer. A fter
angling a monmenit the man in the
well gave the rope ajerk, aiid tho meni
other end commenced pullinmg it up.
When about half way omit they dis
covered that the noose had fallen over
the nima's head, and that hen was
dangling by the neck. llorrified at
the dliscovery. they wisely concluded
that (lea th by st rangulaition was no
wvorse than dleathI by suf'ocaition, and
so they continued to pull away until
they landedNeeley oni terra lirma in
an unconscious state. By the alppli
cation of proper restoratives lhe was
resuscitated and is now doing well.
Th'le time for canning fruit is at
hand. 'Tin cans have been largely
used for both fruit and vegetables;
but glass is certainly preferable.. All
fruits contain more or less acid,
which, in some cases, acts upon metal
lie vessels. Tin cans arc made with
solder, an alloy into which lead large
ly enters. This metal is easily cr
roded, and poisonous salts arc fornmed.
It is believed by many chemists that
persons have been seriously injured
by eating tomatoes, peaches, etc.,
which have been put up in tin cans.
Th~e Pope hans instructed thme Catho
lie Bishops of England and Rome to
protest against the prosecution by the
British governmont of the priests con
corned in the Galway election distur
What lady is used to war ? Millic
The Ku Klux Prisoners at Albany.
Col. Whitley, chief of the detective
force, has addressed the following let
ter to Attorney Gencral Williams:
Nv;w Yonc, August 9, 1872.
Sm ; I have the honor to acknowl.
edge the receipt of a communication
from your Department, under date of
second instant, enclosing a copy of a
letter from Gerritt Smith, Esq., ad
dressed to the President in relation to
those convicts in the Albany Peniten.
tiary, who were convicted of viola
tions of the enforcement acts, and
reguesting me to go to Albany, and
make a thorough investigation into
the condition of these prisoners, and
report to the department my views as
to the expediency of exercising ex
ecutive elenaney in regard to any of
In accordance with your request I
proceeded to Albany on the 7th inst.,
for the purpose of fulfilling the duty
assigned me. As a idans of conduct
ing my iuquiries in a manner best
adapted to arrive at all the facts in
the case, and also to lead the prison
ers to express themselves as freeley as
possible, I deemed it best to see each
of the parties separately without any
knowledge upon their part as to my
official character or the object of my
In this I received the fullest aid of
Mr. Louis 1). Pillsbury, head keeper
of the penitentiary, who brought each
prisoner in separately, with the simi.
ple remark to each, that this gentle
imian desires to talk with you. Thie
prisoners were mainly frank and com.
municative. Some of them are very
poor, and unlearned, and have left
large families behind them, and while i
acknowledging that they were mem- I
bers of the various orders of the or- I
ganization known under the general
head of Ku Klux Klan, and that they
had been justly sentenced as such,
plead an oxtenuation that they had
joined the order without a full know
ledge of its aims and objects, and
had been incited to deeds of violence
by their leaders, who had managed to
eczape from the country, I eaving them
to bear the responsibility and the
punishment of their misdeeds. A
uumber of themn stated that they had
been compelled to join the order to
s;e themielves and families from
vi.sitations of the Klan; others had
entered its ranks under the supposi.
tion that it was a society organized
for mutual protection, but leaued
subsequently that its real designs were
the externination of the negro race
and the driving out of such of the
whites as were in favor of the political
egnality and social elova'ion of the
blacks. These scverally exprcssed
the heartivt contrition of their mis
deeds, and stated that the organiza
tion was one inimical to the best in
terests of society, and that the gov.
ernment was fully justified in break
ing it up. In further extenuation of
having been memubers of the order,
they stated that the operations of the
Ku Klux Klan were wide spread, enm
bracing within its folds mien of supe,
rior intelligence whom they had ben
accustomed to look to for advice and
counsel, and whom they did not sup
pose would lead theni into any conibi.
n itions that contemplated personal
violence and oven murder, if these
were necessary for the acco mphsh
muent of its ends1. They were told
that it was a good inst itution to put
down imanneass in thte country, and
they acpted the statement implicit.
by. Upwards of forty examinations
were maade in lhe imanner above
indicated, neither prisoner knowing
that an) one but hinmelf had been
called out, and none of them being
aware as before observed of my offi.
cial positioni or the object of my visit.
T1here was ai singular unanimity in
their statemenats and a general expres
sion of regret that they should have
been drann into any organization dif
fering so entirely in thme object which
they suipposed it hamd in view whent
they joined it. Ini reply to the gen-.
oral question, WVhat were the obj.ets
of the organizationi 1 the answer was
alot nariably, When we joined
the order, we supposed it to be a
society established for mutual protc
tion, but after having been fully ini
tiated discovered it to be for a politi
cal hpros, which purpose wvas ema
braced in an oath, in which we swore
to oppose the Radical party in all its
forms and prevent negroes from vot
ing. It w as this great disce ption that
misled us and( which has brought us
into our present condition. The eon
trition manifested by macny of these
parsons, thme hearty abhorance ex
pressed by them for the acts into the
comimission of which they claim they
were betraycd by unscrupulous amid
desigeing men of more enilightened
minds, their general want of intelli
gence and their extreme poverty all
appeal strongly for mercy. My views
as to the expediency of restoring any
of them to society through the exer
cise of Executive clemency are clear
ly in favor of such a course with soe
portion of them, and I believe it anay
he done in some of the eases not only
with great safety but fully in the in
terest of the public good. Iym those
to which I intend respectfully to call
your attention, the prisonerd appear
not only truly repentant, hut abso
lntoly ashamed of the course which
they secrn to have unwittingly pur
sued ; they express themselves as aux
ious to return to the peaceful pur
suits of industry wheAnever the oppor
tunity is oflcred them, and to beCeoni
law abiding citizens in their respee
Colonel Whitley then named fou1
persons safely to be consideed a
proper subjects for the exercise (if Ex
ecutive clewoncy. They are old men
poor and unlearned, find were un
doubtedly led into the Ku Klux ordei
With regard to others, should it b<
the intention of the Governmont t<
make an extended exercise of its
clemency in that direction lie submits
the names of eighteen persons whom
lie deems most worthy of its considera.
As to the remainder of the prison.
era who entered the Ku IKlux order
with a full knowledge of its real ob
ject, Colonel Whitley says it would
not he entirely expedient to exercise
the Executive clemency.
It was with very great regret, swys
the Chester Reporter, that. we hea'rd
oil Saturday last of the Perions neci.
dent that happened to Mr. Samuel .\l
McDill on the day previous. lie w.,
having a well dog on his farm, and
wasabout to descend for the purpese
of seeing what progress the workmen
were making. When he put his
weight on the rope the knot slippeil
and he fell to the bottom of the well
a distance of thirty-six fect.. lie was
brought out in an uncom-oious coidi.
tion and continued so for several
hours. Oa examination no bones
were found broken, though he was so
riously cut and bruised on the back
and shoulders. It was feared tOat se.
rious internal injuries iight be expe.
rienced. At the tinje of his fall
there were two men at the bottom of
the well, neither of whom were hur t.
The "old sixth" had no more pnl
lant soldier than Mr. MeDill. F or
four years he followed the fortnies or
that famous band, showing in all of
its bloody battles, being ever in the
front when there was a oe to fac-', and
yet providentially ecaping without
receiving. the slightest wound. i I
old comrades in arms will extend to
him an earnest sympathy in his millie.
tion, anmd will j oi ' in the hope of his
speedy restoration to health mnd
A Trafvler for a Collimia (N. C ) Hotis
Comes to Grief.
In Atlanta, on Saturdy morning, it
young man of respectable mienr, Nil
ing under the namie of J. 11. Biinnim.
sold at auction a ine horse and buggy
for the smtall sum of $10-l. The
police, prompted by the auctioneei'.,
suspicions that all was not right. took
the matter in hand, and worked out
of the suspected party a clear con
fession that the horse amd buggy hbe.
longed to Seligman & lal', livery
stable men, in Memphis Tenn. A
friend turned ovor the conveyance to
him at the railroad junction, where
ie says, ho made a swap of horses.
He then drove ns fast as potcsible t<
Cave Spring, 1a., .and from that
point to Atlanta. lIe sold his equip
age at low figur1s, in order to pocket
the money and leave. Instead ol
being named liniinum, the truec natuti
of the party arrested is J. F. Vaughan
lie has been traveling for thte businew'
house of Shtiver, Col unbia, 8. C. hIin
num-nughylan is held for orders fr'on
M em pitis.-A utpula Ch/ro nicle a
We learn from gentlemen whoi
camne downi from Yorkc on Tuesdayrn
sauys thte Chester fleporter, that the
Republicans of that (;ount~y held thteii
nominating convention on Monday~t
last. Sixtny delegates were in attend
anice. On the first ballot fur a nomi
nec for the position or Senator, each
delegate voted for htiself, m a one cant
dlidatte getting as many as two votes.
Ihmnnibol White, black, fintally go
the nomination . PTis is a great, imin
pro'~vemnent on t heo formner Sen ito)r fromn
that cutty, WV. l0. Rose. For tlhi
liouse of Representatives two whuit<
iii-n and two negroes werenoiad
lion Jiriggs, white, and Nelson lb
vies, colored, being two of them
The nameis of the others we did no0
learn, Rt. Li. C. ook was tniniated fo
Sheriff; J1. F. Wallace, 10sq., foi
Glerk of thme Court, and 8. Hlall foi
It is said to be a curiouts fact thai
whiile foe, cranes and squirrels ar<4
abundanit 0on tho lnd irna aide of' th
Ohio river, they are never seen on th.
Kentucky side ; and, strange emnugh
the gray squirrel, to be found any
where on the Kentucky side, is rarci;
or never seon on the Indiana shore.
A correspondent of the New Yor'
Tribune is confident that only one
the three counties in Delawarei
doubtful. This is Wilmington Coun
ty where theo Federal intlluences is con
contrated. Tlhere is no dlispositioni t
split the party, arnd theo State is goot
for a heavy Libetal majority.
g Ben Butler says if Greeley is cleot
ed 'tall that was gained by thte wa
Iwill be lost." Butler is evidenti
getting uneany about his annons.
tbbuiroil Ut H Rd.
Wo stated in our last issuo that the
cavalry from this post lind gone out
on a raid and had not returated up to
tle hour of our going to press. The
coita':id camtte back to town on Wed
nesday without any prisoners. It
seemsi that Deputy United States
Marshal Hlubbard had been out in
the 'T'urkoy Creek neighbo. hood for ,
week or ten days previous, concealed
a kong tho negroes, and thought that
he had spotted tho haunts or certain
men in that section whom the autliori
ties are very anxious to get hold or.
lie sent word on Tuesday fur the
cavalry to e )me to his issiotanLeo and
that he could make the arrests thlit.
night. The caivalrv were, therefore,
out as a auxillini y forde to the lDepu
ty Marsl:l , and not as an independ.
Iiom respcetable and reliable gen
tliemant we got informat ion (of tle
mo., watiton and un1iprovoked outrages
committed by lubbard and his gang
of negro as.istants while pretendinga
to aet in the di.harge of his dtty.
The preiies of Mr. E. B, Ruhuins
woet( amioig t'inr.t.selied. 1 Iis
children are till dauh'lteis-two (f
whom are iatried-one to William
( irter, the other to Ferris. B.>th of
these men tire avoidiig arrests, and
heir families are living neatr the
re:s:ideice of Mi. Robins, :nI under
is proteetion. M r. Rolobins informs
jus that his promises had been search
ed eleven times before by tihe liliitary
anuthoritic, and that he had. ahways
been treated with respect aind with.
oit any unnecessary indignity till
I lubbard male hisi appearance ; that
lie (I[ubbard) seemd to gloat over
the opportunity to insult women, ter
rify children imd expend someo of his
mie against the respectable w hit o
people of tho State. The door of
Mis. Ferris' louso was violently burst
open and tho lock biolco by hi II,
when she was in a f(y feet of the
ioor, olTering him the key and asking
that the dour he not broken dowl.
V'lien this piece of ulnnecessary brit
tality was aecoiplihed 111(1 he ap
.'aled to him for redress, the only
r.ply she reecived was an itisult.
iTl) bed clothes were stripled from a
*' chi d 1vinr ill a trundle bed, and
the bed rolled violently about tOl'
room under the pretense of searcling
in and under the bed for a concealed
Ku Kinx. These acts are fair sam
plus of the way this heroic nar.hal
c a rri es oil the war again:t women and
Another place vi..ite1 w-s the
plantation of William Carter, which
is rented by two young men, C lvini
Chalk and 01horgo Carter. HBth of
tiese muen were absent, fmin home on
the night of the raid. Their hmn.,
was- broken into nid searched ; and
when they returnred home in the
morling they found that. seven quilts,
four counterpanes, three pairs of pin.
taloonis 11a1nd three vests hail been
stleni antd carried off.
As a sipporting force the expedi.
tion 1111bhard had along Col umn bu.i
Cramford, (;iles (Good and Bill 1i1.
mer, three (if the mos noitoiusly in
famnous and lawle.s ne0grues in tie
comity. After they were relh eve(
from duty on Wedniesday tmorning,
And while they were retuin iig home,
they took occasion to call at the house
of t1lis. P'ress Estes, whiom the.y in
t ul ted aid thirenteedr wvith loaded
guns. F'iomf hlere they p) iseid to lhe
re~sidencoe of Mr. E. I). Rtobinis, and
that gentlematn being atway fr.,m biotiie,
they' attemp ted to go into' his yard.
W hen ojrd ered by hiis id augh tar nut to
(10 so, they Iisultedl her and levelled
their gunts at her.
if we thought it were worth while
lye wouhd coni~i the people to ad.
dlress a rmiioznstri nc to Mlarshall
Wallace against allowing the prpie,
trat ion of sneh wanton out rages biy
his d(eputties and subs. TJhie law is
bairah en ough I at best, withbout ad ding
to its execui onl the piractice of suchi
chlildrenl. M i we can do, however,
is to rme itmb er that We areO a hhjn,
gateud peole, and that we' mu11 t bear
w~i th miieekness whlatever Iindhignlitir s
our heartless oppre.-sors miay see pro
per to imapose ; trnating that in (od's
own good timle relief may comne to us
from, some 1piarteor or other.
In jtistice to) Lieuteniant l'. S. G id.
frey, whlo was in cortoman-i of the cay
ailry, and whi~in we' kno1w and respteet
as aI genttlean, we a assured by our
inforimantts that the soldiers had
not hitng to (10 with thie breaking openi
of dooms, throwinig sick ohbildrotn aboutt,
1Ljitenanltt Oodfrey we are sure
would neithler do aniythIiin1r of thiis
kind himself, nor wouldh ho sull'er it to
. he o 1bhy liny onie unuder his comn
m iand. linhbhard was in commantnd of
the expedJition -thie cavalry were onlhy
along so ais to give the civil authlori
C ties naistance in case any should be
fneeded-and upon lttbbard rerts tile
a whole responsibility for everythiing
- that was d1 ono.-Che/isfer R~eporler.
1The Tierald bears (of a sudlden revo
1lut ion in P'eru and thle assassinatonm
of President Blalta. It concludes that
this is democracy run to Th'luggoo.
r Emigration itn Germany steadily
y incases. in spite of thme efforts of the
Uvmernmntn check it
New inWs Conecrning Newspapers.
The following is a summary of the
laws concerning newspaper postago
just issued to postinasters.
8ce. 1:38. That no newspapers shall
be received to be conveyed by mail
unless they shall be dried and onclos
ed in proper wrappers.
See. 139. That when packagnis of
newspapers or other periodicals are
received at a postofficoe directed , ono
address, and the names of the sub
scribers to whom they belong, wilh
the postage for quarter in advance is
handed to the postmaster, lie shall do.
liver such papers or pariudicals to
their re.pective owners.
Sec. 140. That. postiasters shall
notify the publisher of any newspnper
o: other periodical when any subscri.
her shall refuse to take the siam from
the olli ,e, or neglect to call for it for
the poriod of one month.
See. 141. That publishers of news
papers or periodicals may printtor
writo upon their publications, sent to
regular subscribers, the address of the
subscriber and the date when the sub
scription expires, and enclose therein
hills and receipits for sibscripliun
there to * without subjecting such mat
ter to extra postage.
See. 1 .12. That any person who shall
enclose or conce ilp"y letter, ncto
raid at .., . 1. \* ,,ing in an iy ail
mtter, not charged with letter post
age, or mako any writing or ame iin
raudum thereon, and deposit or cause
the mie to be deposited for convey
ance by mail, for less than letter post
age, shall, for every snch offence, for.
fCit ar.d pay five dollars, and such
newspaper or periodical shall not be
delivered until the postage thereon is
pail at letter rates.
See. 158. That on newspapers and
periodical publications, not exeeding
four ounces in weight, sent from a
known oflieo of publication to regular
nubscribers, pastage shall be charged
tit the following iates per quarter,
namely : On publications issued los
frequently than onco a week, at the
rate of I cent for each issue ; issued
once a week, 5 cents adlitional for
each issue more frequent than once a
week. An additional rate shiall bo :
chargel for each additional four
ounces or fraction thereof in weight.
c0. 159. Tiat ou ntewspapora ai
other periodicals sont from i kuown
ollice of publication to regular sub
scribers, tihe postal shall be paid be
fore delivery, not less than one quar
ter nor inore than one year ; which
patynent may be made either at the
olico of mailinig or delivery, com.
miencing at 1an tit, 1a1d the l'e:t
master ahAill acent, fr -:ai-l p1ost-age
in the qunaiter wvhich it was received.
See. 160. That the Postmaster Gena
eral iay provile, by regulations for
cari ying small newspapers, issued less
frequently than once a week inl pack.
ages to one address from a known of
fice of publication to regular subscri.
her.4, at the rate of one cent for each
tour ounces or portion thereof.
See. 161. That persons known as
regular dealers ia ne wspapers and pe
rindicals may receive and transmi t by
nail such quantities of ei'her as they
i11,11y require, and pay the postage
theieon as received at the same rate-s
pro rata as regulair subscribern to su*h
publiations who pay Iuarterly in
ad van ce.
A small colored boy was killed in
11aitherfordton by a white boy, named
I [arry Churchbnill, who was pilay'inIg
with wvhat is supposed to be an un
loaded pistol. In commenting upon
siuch acecidets, thne Savanntah News
Wo aore glad thiat one State has
d ,ne 0: on hing to pirevenit people from
beintg killed for funt. Michigan bhas
passed a law nmaking it a mnisdemecan
(or, puninhbable by floo and imnprison
meant, to aim a lire-arm at any person,
whether It be loaded or not, and if
harm conmos of such an tact, thne per..
piatratomr is responsibleon rimiinally and
pecuiniatrily. T1his is a salutary stat.
inte, awal should be adopted in every
State. Thoan thne joke of adtiiig guns
att people's heads would lose its
A ('niif Allackeal with liyudrophobih
'Tie Mhacon Te'legraph and Messon
senger, of Thuarsdany, says.
WVe heard last evening of a well
athtont icated case of hayd rophiobia, in
a calf , tine first of' the khid that hats
ever come to our knowledge. if it
was not ai case of this kind it lhad all
tihe symptoms of it. On smellinng
it juanped against a fence with such
force that it broke through, tried to
bite, foamed at the mouth, cat dirt
atnd made other mnanifoestations that
left lbut little doubt on tine mnind of a
medical man as to the nature of tine
K illing of ihjor landolph.
Major T1. J. Rtandolph, .Jr., a oon.
tractor of the Chessapeako and Ohio
railroad, was aceidently kiilld incar
Mliller's ferry on Thursday afternoon.
lie was riading towards a spmot where
seine men wer'e engaged iin blastiang
neck, wheon, being wtarnied, Ihe checked
his horse, but too late to avert the
Isad fatte which awaited hitn. lIe was
struck'on the head and killed.-ich.
Rerorm Assumitig the lorim of an1 Epi
drmic Amiolio the Public Ti-kvs of
If the subject were not one so seri
ou0 in its consequences to the peoplo
of this State, it would be amusing to
trace out tho causes of the howl for
reform which comes from the thieves
and robbers, who have for the last
four yeare been plundet ing the State.
It is the cry of stop thief' vocifer
ously souded by thieves themselves
for the purpose of dIrecting attention
frot tlieir manifuold robberies. The
iel-l.deg of the pack is Judge 'lhonias
Jeflertion Maickey, of morphine noto.
riety, who lia be-i engaged and we
rtill believe is still engared in tile
middlo and upper comities of the
State in lauichin red hot thunder
bolts against th ie robber bands whom
he charges to be uninitigated thieves
and irredeemable scoandrels past
praying for, and deserving ignomlii
ous graves. To show how puro and
undetiled ore his motives, and howy
terribly in earnest lie is in his labor
of reform, ho proposes that the chief
of the baul of robbers and plinderers
should bw made the lealer in the good
work. Illo ad vocates It. J. Moses
Adjutant (sieneral MIose-S8pealer
Moses, as the J/ss to lend us out of
the wilderness of fraud, corruption,
and evorything else base, indeceut
and dishionest. Wo suppose this
learned Judge is guided in his courso
by the homely old adage, that the best
material out of which to ma11ko a good
saint, is a vile vinner. The sudden
ness by which a very wicked man be
cones a very pions on0e-a rouo and
a thief, a pattern of h onesty and an
exemplar or good morals, not unfro.
quent1y produces a rtariling effect on
soueity. I , however, sometimes
happens that the rewand of such conl
dIot in one, lead others to becomo
thioves and scoundrels for the sako of
becoming repentant and of reaping
the reward of repentaneo. Por onr
part wo don't lelieve in repentaneo
w ithout restitution. If' tho man
Moses desires to repent, between the
porch and altar, I him before ho
touches the horns:. of thie altar, make
restitution for the niny thefts and
robberies of which lie has been so no.
toriously guilty. llarabbas was par
unaI, out, 4 w:.s at thli M oii f
the Saviour of Mankind. 'rlho conduct
of the dews on that occasion has
never been regarded worthy of imita
tion by cither Christian, .low, Turk
or inlidel for th llast eigiteen hun
dred and seventy-two years. I' we
are to judge from the speeches of
SHnator Corbin aid uigo Orr,
H:iaiabbas vas a i ibi ofTnd'r comii
poared with the robbleries charged by
thei to have been commilitted by
Judgo M1ackey's Iteform ( ndida to
for Gveror. To imake F.. .1. Moses,
.1r,., Governor of kouthi Car0ioliIa is so
grimi and ght1l3' a jke, tlht even
his fellow lobber.4 niist, whieni they
come to reflevt on the enormit v of the
disgrace to the State, shrii'k from
the idea of coininittinhg so great ani
outrage on its ilb emily damaged repu
tationl.-/ A auht(S. C.) lRpubbcan.
All x Prisidill on the N111ump1).
K Nn ~u: Tr~s.,A ugustt H.
EAx-President elohnusoii spoke, by invi.
tation, last evening to a crowded aludi.
once, for two hours anid a qfuarter'.
lie was introduced by .Jutdge TI. A. Rt.
Nelson, who plresenltedl him to thle au
dieneo asi the pleut's man, plain
Mr. Johinson said lie wvas no cand i
date for iany (iflice. (t was well in
tihnes of poplar upheaval to take our
hearings, andI see wliither we are
drifting. Itecuirring to first prinici
ph's, lie shioweid at Ilngth how the
government hind becnI drifting) fi om
co~nsti tutional moiorinigs, andi hiad be
comoue h ie plauythIiing of' an i rresponisi
blo Congreus, at. the dictation of a
ni urping excntive, Ile res iewed
(Irant's ad miinistratin~ withl some sever
ity, but etill with mnoderationi, chiarac..
terizing <nficial gift--taking as bribery,
andi citing the case of~ Sir .1otin
'Troner in Englanid. lie fas ored the
one termi princi jlo and the election
of the President by the direct vote ol'
the people. 'Thio -election of Grant,
he said, would be a grout national
disaster. lio accepted GJreoley on
the pi'ricipl of(P uirort~Sal pressure.
('ireuinnstanices beyond hurpan conitrol
lad li nited the choico to two men,
and patriots could not biesitt to
choose Greeley. It1 was no) t imen to
say this or that is or is not miy party,
but all should unite ini nying this is
my country. Th'Ie country must have
rcon)ciliat ion, restoration of' civil
rights to all citizens, confidonee be
tween sections arnd a ref'orim of the
civil service, lle pileadedO for a re
turn of the ancit reverence for the
constitutioin and oflicial obligations.
'Tho spechb was well received and gen
ei ilily applauded.
The two murderers says the Caroli
nian, convicted at the last tea ni, Ed.,
win llarris, for the murder of M1ar
phy), anid Williamn Luciis, for the muri
dier oif Simopson, aind sen teneed to ho
hanged oni Fridhay next, the I Odh inst.,
were yesterday respited by Governior
Scott, who orders that their exceu..
tion be suspended until Friday the
J 0th instant.