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Desportes_& Williams, P------- -- - A Ru(Tiy Paper, Devoted to Sciencei Art? Inquiry, Industry and Literatur [Terms-$3.00 uor AnnumIn Adva _
n Vw-I' WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 29, 18T3. [N).
I.-; '4'-ni1.1KI) wE1.I.Y BtY
e S. t II it --o i -;liltWsl pu I cI Wooek
ly in) the-- ''olnii fif Wilnishoro,'t !3.00 it
varibly in udvanmp.
-ary All tranqient. advertisemcits to be
paiii i ailvanre.
bilitary Notices ind Tril11cs $1 00 per
HOW StnllclWll .Icksmll I| 11 l4eu! i h -
Ali lliterPistig 11111 A tllitflhi? Slaiite
Ilet from Gnct'iu rull hllinits 11. lAlhin'.
1icmo N ), Y.%., Jal. I, 187 3.
Mcssrs. /'litors : I Lope 3 01 will
allow 1me through hle Cunsi,1118 of'
your popular paper to give to the
public some of te circumstiiie)Os 011
neeted with the death-wound (if (Gen.
Jackson, particularly as a retif pub.
lication lns declared that a nighl at
tack was not contemplated it that
When General Jackson moved so
unexpectedly and so sucesfuIlly upon
the eleluy's fu Ank at Chancollorsville,
bis front linielwas oomposed of Ithodde
division, 1nd1 his second of A. P.
Hill's with the exetpt.ion of MuGow
ails (South Carolii) b-rigad and
mine (which was Composed wholly of
Nor-th Caroliniianis.) Our two bri
gadte moved b-y (lie flink along the
plank rmid immediatIly in reir of (,ir
ar illr -- :. ia being in front..
Wieno, alou datik, we reached the
reastworks nfrom which) the enmiv
had beena driven, we were halte.1,
and remained taundi n in the rond
for some timo. Gen. A. 1'. 1ill thenl
ordered m" to form acros the rold
two regiments t the) riglht, two to) the
left, and one thrown forward as a
strong line of skirmishers--for the
purpose of making a night attack;
but eoon after the ordrr was given,
our artillery opiened and the enemy's
replied. I at once ordered my men
to lie down, as I was unwilling to at
tempt to manoeuvre them in the dark,
and in such a woods, under such a
deadly fire. Colonel Willi-im 11. Pal.
mer, of this city, gallantly crossed
the ro-d to know why I did not move
my command. I requested him to
toll General Hill that if lie wished mte
to do so suocessfully lie must order
his artillery to cease firing. The or
der was given, and as I had antici
pated, the enemy also ceased firing.
I now formed my brigade as I had
been ordered, putting the Seventh
and Thirty-seventh on tho right of
the road, and the Eighteenth and
"Twenty-eighth on the left, the right
of the Eighteenth resting on the road,
while the Thirty-third, under Coloiel
Avcr-, w.as thrown forward as skir
.The ""ds in front -:or
right wns a piane il; .
left of the road t Wher. was
growth of (serubby oaks,' throtu.*
which at was very dillicult fo.r troops
to move. Our skirmish line occupied
the eroet of the hill separated, on the
right of the rond, from the Chancel
lorsville hill by a deep valley. I canu
tion all of my field oillcers to wat"
closely the front, as we were "le'
occupying tho front lIine ar. wVre
expecting to make a nia'l attack.
After formitng my I ite, I Jo back to
ask General liillI if we mtust ad vance
or wait further orde-" and on reach
ing the plank o)ad I met Genieral
Jackson alonl,, I think, anid lhe at
once wishe" to know for whom I was
lookin L'. I told him, anld to save ftur
ther pJlay I asked for orders. In an
carvlest tone and with a pushing ges-.
tree of his right hand in the diirection
of the enemy lhe replied, "Push right
ahead, Lane,"' and then rode forwardl.
O)n reaching the right of liy com.,
meand to put it in motion I found that
a Lientenant-Colonel Smith, of the
One hiundred and Twenty-eighth
Pernsylvanlia regiment, had come utp
between our line of battle and the
skirmish line, with a white hand ker
chief tied to a stick, to leartn, na he
stated, whether we were friends or
foes. TIhis offieer seemed sulrpristed
at my letting him retturn after ho had
gratitled his euriosity. I was still
further delayed by oficers of theo
Seventh regi merit reporting tha t du
rin~g m1y absence troops of some kindut
had bieet hteard talkitig en ottr right.
LieuItenan'llt Em)ack, wit h rt men, tIi was
at Oilee dellt, ott to recenitoi tre, an'.
he so'on ttretured with the On):e II tn
d red and T wenty -eighth Pencunsylvaniaa
regiment, whicb had thrown down
thieir armst~ all (Iulrrenide red 011 he ing
told that they were cut off. .Jnst. a.~
Captain Young (our gallant boy-cap
taini, about eighteen or nineteen yer
old) was ordered with his comni ~y to
trke this regiment to the rear the
right of the skirmish line tGred, as I
afterwards learned fromu CJol. Avery,
at a person who rode up from the dii
rection of tho enemy andl called for
"General Williams." This unknown
person escaped, but the firing .at him
caused the whole skirmish line to
open, and the enemy responded.
M~uch heavier infantry firing was heard
immediately afterwards in the dire
tion of the plank-road, followed by a
re-opening of the enemy's artillery.
Gen. Pender now rode up, and ad vised
me not to advance, as Gen. Jackson
bad been wounded, and, he thought,
but went to the plank road, where I
leariiedI th at ( nr i r h-2
been wounded, I there, imreo ;el,
learned from Col. 1). Barry, thi
Major of the Eghteetith North Caro
liaa regiment, that lie knew nothing
of Generals Jackson and 1Hill having
gone to tho front ; that ho could not
tell friend from foe in buch a woods :
that when the .irivish line fired
there was hear'd clattering of ap
proveling horsemen and the cry of
CavarI ', and that le not only heard
his men to lire but that he pronounced
the sulseient cry of friends'to be a
lieanld that l i. . In1en continued to fire
upon the app o;aching party. It was
generally undelrstood that the
Righteenth regimin-t not only wound
cd Generals Jacksovn and Ibll but
killed s-ome of the couriers and per
haps some of their staff oflicers,
s some of them were missing.
Colonel Barry, who was one of my
bravest and most accomplished oflioers,
always thought that GCenerals Jackson
and 1ill Vere both wounded by bis
After the wounding of these two
generals, General Ileth asumedI com
maind of ii's division, counter.
mnanded the order for an advance,
aid diected mie to form the whole of
Iy brig:ado on the right of the plank
road. We were the only troops in
line of battle on the right. of the road
until after we had repulsed a night
attack made by the eienmy. in which
We clptured a few prisoners and the
colors of the Thi rd Maine regiment.
McGowan's brigade then prolonged
our right, and we reste-d on our arms
until the next morning.
On the morning ol the 3d wve were
ordered to imake a direct attack upon
the enemy's work-, which were com
posed of log hastily thrown together
tle night previous, in our front and
on the slope of the hill facing the
Chanellorsville hill. We carried the
works, but could not hold them on
account of the concentrated, murder
ous artillery fire from the Chancel
lorsville hill, under which the enemy
threw forward fresh infantry. The
brigade that was to have supported
u did not coile to (.Ill assista nce, aiid
before Gei Raniseur, then a Briga
dier, could got up with Iis Nortli
Carolinians we were driven bck uiti,
a loss of over nine hundred tnt of
.bout t- .nty-seven hundred carried
into action. Of the ti :rteen field of
ficers of my command th t participa
ted in this charge only one was loft
for duty. General I Ramseur woul"
go forward, though I advised agaiSt
it. IIis conal reached the ,ame
werks, but. had to retire with . imi..
har terrible loss.
Th -:neiv wa:s fiil Ily ''iven from
Late Brigi -' -
Death of wo G) ( . ,iii/ s,
GEsrge r . die'I at his
iomie, on lig Stmvenzs. Ire' k, on I
15th inst.. i the (9th year of his
ige. And Pickens 1. Ashell, F~q.,
'it hiis home, at BRidge Sprinig,
an the 19tbh. Bot~h eit iz us of high
ebaracr, and leaviing behind thlemi
t roopsu of friends.-AEdgfir 'd .A deer
lletilh of a1 Good .llan,
We regret to chiroiniele thle death of
Mr. E. C. W allace, of the Sugar
Creek necighbhorhoodl, in thIiis Conty,
an Sunday afternoon last. Mr.. WAa!
lace wvas a bout sixty-five years of ago.
Air. Wallace was the grandnephew of
James K. Polk, at one time P'resident
ruf the United States.-C(harlotte O/>
Dtetik of Mr. II. I'. Smgilh.
It is our melancholy province to
tate that Mr. B. V. S~nith, who was
hot in the atiray, near Dry Creek, o
which we spoke last week, died on
l'bursday night lat . Tfhe verdict of
the Jury of Iniquest, kindly furnished
is by A. Ramsay, .,. ouri Clerk of
VCourt, was "that U. F. Smith came to
hi's deaithi from the e('eets of a gun
shot1 w oum i in thle left breast, sa id
woundlii intetd by a pistol ini thei
hiandls of Laurens Rutland ."- L'de
llenry C'oston, chiarged with mis.8
placingl thle switch oil the Savannah
aind Ciharleston Ra ilroad ini July
last, and causing tile lo~comfotive to
run of', was arrested ini Savannah on
Dealh of a Britki h.ilser of I'arlia
A cable dispatch announces the
suiddenm death of Mr. Samuel R.
(Grave, a member of the British
P'arliamnent for Liverpool. Mr.
(ravos was in his lifty fifth year, and
was exteinsively engaged in business
at Liverpool as a merchant and ship
owner. lie was M~ayor of' thart city
inl 1861, and in 1808 was elected a
mlemb~er of parliament in the Conser
vative intei est.
The only Republican paper in
(eorgin. hrna susnended.
Sigular Detection or a Left-handed 3lur
A few dIays ago an old hermit, re
siding at Solon, in this county, wa
found murdered in bis cabin. Tli
deed had evidently been done severa
days before. but wias shroude
in mystery. Oflieers, however, sen
to investigate, concluded from som
curious circumustances that the nur
derer was a left-handed person, an
thi belief led to the arrest of th
only lert-handed person in the vicini
ty, Albert W. Chamberlain, age 19,
member of one of the most widel
respected families in the county. Th
young man had always borne an cx
celleit reputation, and the evidene
aga inst him was purely circumstantial
but it proved correct, for yesterda;
he rade a full confession of his guilt
The murderer, according to his con
fession, was committed on the nigh
of January 8. lie fired .in at th
window, and shot the old man dead a
he was sitting before his fire. Thi
victim fell upon the live emberi
which partially consumed his body
Chamberliin did riot enter the houts
till the following day, when he tool
seventy-two dollars in money fron
the pocket of the dead man. It is oni
of the strangest crimes ever commit
ted in this part of the State, and ha
caiisedl much excitement.-- Clevelane
('yr. N. Y. Tribune.
How an Eccentric Verinontcer was Buried
An exceedingly eccentric man hat
jnst died at Ilincsburg, Vt., in the
persen of Aiugustus (McEwen, aged
eight-y-four. lie had his grave duj
tienty yors ago and stoned up and
with earth that it might be it
perfect condition whenever needed
Last fill lie had the earth taken ou
of it, saying he expected to be laid
there before winter was over. His
collin was in readiness seven year
ago, and so arranged that he could
lie on his side with his knees drawn
up, as lie said lie slept in this condi
tion inl life, and wanted to steep) so in
dIeath. A l his plans for the funeral
were inade in advance, nd.(l among
the rest he selected foner colored boys
who had worhed for him more or less,
.is had their fatler b'forc them, ig
aill -earers. I'hey were to carry the
bod1 y to t h. grave. which was on his
farm, Io-"r it, to its last resting!place,
till t.h grave witi eairth, and tlien
w41A back to the house, where they
werc to find each a letter sealed and
directed to them, in which was the
)"ney to pn'y for tlis las' service
wiie I lie h13ad regn1ii red of tlei. 11is
friends took good care to carry out
his pecn!iair Wishes. - Springfield
(Maus.) RepuIbtiea, Jan. 13.
P ii lriucils.
* f lead pen
this country in
i.1 :d Poinsylvania. The
ie .nat erial eotms in the condition
himp i aiil p.)rder, and after it has
.een freed fioim extraneous materials
!1111t bie grouniid to fine dust. It is
iliinmoistened and transferred to a
vessef whose only outlet from below
is a small hole in a solid hrass die, the
nole having the slhpe of the cross
sect ion of' the lead to be formed. In
to this vessel enters a follower which
exerts a tremendous pressure upon
the mat erial, the effect is immediate
dliately seen in the issuance from the
die of' a slenmder thread of plumbhago.
The followers enter very slowly, but
the threadl comes out with consideran
ble celerity. In) this soft and adhie
s'ive condit ion the thread is cut up in
short strips and baked, after which
the leads are ready for use.
An Arkansas Mutrder.
LJrr-r.i.: R oci, .Jan. 20, 1873.-A
negro draynman, Enoch Jackson by
anme., was niurdered here yesterday
norn ing by his wife and1( anothier
woman. The cause of the murder is
no. knowvn. They knocked his brains
rut, whil'e sleeping, with~ a dray pin,
and then tried to get rid of him by
biurniniig himi. TPhey laid himi on thle fire,
and pl acing a piilow uder his head
to reci'-he the blood, waited for the
endl. They took him off the fire, no't
being successful in getting rid of him.
ie then groaned andl seared the
womnen, who gave thie alarm, having
previously punctured his face with a
sharp inst ruiment to represent a bul let
hole. A soni of the murdered rni
told the true story. .Jacksoin lived
four hours after hiavinig boen burned.
The P'ostmatster General has deci
ded that married women may reqjuire
that letters adrecmed to them shall
lie delivered to no one else. -This do
oision of Croswell's is calculated to gel
the Chicago and Northwestern post
masters thranhiad, says the O-urior
Governor Moses hias appointad L.
P. Rutland, Goo. WV. Nix andl Milli.
gan ,Jones, notaries public for Edge.
(ield ; TIhos. A. MeMahon, deputy
surveyor for Anderson and Pickens
Daniel A. Blowyer, notary public,
Collotin. E. S. Rainoy resignedl au
trial justice of Georgetown, and ras,
The Civilization We Boat of.
The thoughtful observer of the
progress of our civilization, sounuing
a this beautiful picture, involuntarily
a recurs to South Curlirna, where Pat.
terson buys a seat in the SQi)at,q pay
1 ing the average African legislator
t fifteen dollars a head for votes ; to
3 Alabama, where the Attorney-Goneral
of the United States virtually cloets
a United States Senator by deciding
upon the qualifications and making
his choice between two Legislatures;
to Louisiana, where aioolored person
named Piinebbaok is backed by the
Federal Government ii assuming the
Governor's oflice withoOt form of law,
3 and declaring himself .aenator by up.
pointing a Legislature of his own :
to Arkansas, where Federal troops
possess the polls; to Kausas, where
Caldwell buys a legislature ; to Iowa,
where a railroad manaiger pays $10,.
3 000 for a Harlan ; to Nqbraska, where
, another takes $5,000jnterest in a
. Thayer ; to Pennsylvaniawhero, ao
cording to Administration authorities,
the Senatorship goes to the man who'
pays the most money fur it ; to Con.
gress itself where Representatives take
stock in enterprises the: know npth.
ing about, and where there-isn't
virtue enough to tell the truth except
upnu compulsion, and then only
sparingly-to all these the mind of
the thoughtful observer involuntarily
recurs at the suggestion of Dr. Ilow
flint annexation would bring San
Domingo and Iayti usder the in.
fluence of our civilization and our in
Terrorism in Soulth Carolinn.
The Now York Commercial Adver.
tiser is responsible fur the follow.
Some months ago an Episcopalian
clergyman who intended to pass the
Sabbath ir one of the out.of-the-way
districts of South Carolinti, gave
notice that lie would hold divine ser
vice in a dilapidated ball that had
been unused since the breaking out of
the civil war. The inhabitants of
this unfrequented place were mostly
negroes, and at the app( inted hour
they filled the hall to -1verflowing.
On the entrance of the c:rgyman,
clothed in the sacred Testmeints of the
church, an old darke, fitting beside
the door, espied him, and nista king
his calling sung ont "Nu Klx,'
when the entire congregation tiumi
blod every-which-way out of the win
dows aind through the hack door,
making for the woods as fast as the-ir
legs could carry them. One old dar
key woman fell headlong ikto an tin
used port hole, with her heels high
in the air, but was rescued by a con
ple of colored de.teous after a good
deal of squalling and pronftation
that she reallv thong tw.t themn,
"outrageous whitk- ii r wre reai.
ly to slaughter her. Orid and a
portion of the andience having re
turned, the service.; were concluded,
the clergyman preaching a very elo
quent sermon from the text, "None
but the upright shall enter.
There has been a great number of
"special dispatches" from Wasiing
ton, lately, in regard to the responsi- I'
bility of Postmrasters, Postal Clerks,
and others handling Registered Let
ters. By these dispatches and num n
herless newspaper items, the Post
master General is made fto say a great
many things a'ont what he is going
to do, and what he is not going to
Now we dlo not nnderstand that
there has been any change, whatever, I
in the policy of the Department in
regard to Registered Letters. We
do not understand that tile Posstmas. I
ter General ever held that Postmas.
ters were liable under their boends,
for Registers lost or stolen from their 1
offices. hBut he- does hold that a P'oat.
master, or a Postal Clek, or a Route
Agent, or whoever ho may be, em
ployed in the Post Office Departmecnt,
handling a Registered Package and
fatiling to account for thre same shall I
ho lnel d responsible, and make good its
valuable contents, or ge6 out of tihe
service. While the Department is
not responsible for the contents of
Registered Letters, yet it proposes,
to secure parties mailing auch letters,
fromt loss.-P'ostal Record.
The new A rcbbishop Baylecy t alks
thus manfully :"A real inspection
of liquors would iestroy two-thirds of
our intemperance. Any real good
government should enforce such an
inspe'ction, or stop the sale altogether
because the object of government is
to protect the lives of eitizens, and
while it enforces stringent laws
against the sale of decayed vegetables
it is far more important that it is
should hinidor the sale of drinks which
poison the blood and madden the
Wmi. JTaokson, a colored man, was
arrested in Wilmington, on the 15th
inst , charged with robbing the Ulnib
ted States mail.
The Georgia Press Convention was.
in session at A tlanta, Ga., on Tuesd ay
and Wednesday last.
Lcu:ilre of tIhe Irish Potao,|
Mit. Entron.-Why is it that a
'far lautger portion' of the [ish pota
toe eaten or usei ,ir seed by us is
rfsed at the Noith and imported
iere, than that whiob we prodnce
oursolvVs ? It is true, *trango as it
mily 'jIpear, and I think that the rer.
son of it is that we do not raise as
go,>d potatoes ne our Northern neigh.
boss. .Now, if you ask ie why thi. is
-the irish potato (6olanum Tubero
snm) being o,' Southern origin-I
will answer that in my opinion it is
becanse we try to ruise 'he potato in
our warm clitmate in the same way
that the Northern people raive it in
their cooler and moister climate.
We can raise-just as good early pota
toes as at the North, but whon they
should be fully matured and be most
dry and ncaly, they are inelined to I
become sobby and watery, when cul
tivated after the Northern fashion.
I think I have discovered the secret a
of planting Irish potatoes in our lati.
tude. I plant always under straw, f
using plenty of it, and the deeper I I
cover the seed the more abundant the t
yield. I plant froin Dee. until March. t
I break the potato land as deep as I b
3an, manure it well, not too heavily, v
with well-rotted stable manure or a
cotton seed, open furrows four or five t
inches deep, two feet apart, fill the
Furrows nearly full of cotton seed,nd
tlen plant the sets on the manure,
' e down, about ten inches or a p
foot1 rt. I cut my seed a week or m
ben dayh before planting. When the f4
lets are planted the furrows should a
be covered with earth, forming a ridge tI
>ver the seed, and then I cover the c,
whole with straw of any kind-pine
traw is as good as any -and as deep- a
y as I can afford. The advansage n
)f this mode of culture is that the a
itraw is "eaton down by the rain, o
noisture is kept up near the soil, the fi
emporature is even, the potato is a
cept cool, and thus acquires that dry, el
nealy quality which is so desirable. d
qo matter how deeply you may strew b
he straw be sure that the tops will ti
nake their way through it in search e
f light, and the potatoes will form f<
nd maturc as high as the. moisture o
Another grepit nadvantage or this o
node of culture is that there is no w
iced for any further labor-no plow
ng, hoeing or cultivating All that is to
ic done after planting is gathering the
rop, after which I have always found n
o be more abundant and of better ii
uility in this way than in any other. C
WVaI.TER IIALFACGH, in F4rin and n
A writer in a Western magazine j
nas taken the trouble to measure a p
opy of the Now York Herald and a i
opy of Mark Twain's new book.
Pho former wag found to contain
houit nine hundred and sixty thoul t
Ind "ems,'' while the latter, a book o
>f live hundred and ninety-one pages, ti
nesured only eight hundred and
iirty-six thousand "ems," In other b
vords, the single copy of the news. O
>aper, which sold at four entP, wIS e
-quivalent to a book of six hundred W
md eighty pages, or eighty more
inges were contained in a volume ,
,hatsold for $3.50 Here we have
llustrated the difference in cost be
*wedn the newspaper and the hook,
vhioh proves the nesessity for cheaper .
>Ooks. TIrue, the newspaper will
aever supersed the book, but i,
he necessity for a cheap literature 1
s made the more apparent by a
lie danger of same sort of rivalry.
The F'ayottoville, Arkanas, News a
f the 9th instant, induiges in ther
ollowing touching complaint. fI
If there is any such thing as a Uni. )i
ed Statea mail ngent. in this portion a
'f God'.< hot itage, lie would confer a It i
avor upon this niieted community el
>y paying a visit to t hese parts. k
'here is ten timecs as much cussedness a'
mnong the contractors and carritera as w
hero l.ha been episoo among mules, it
ud a judicious enforcemlent of tho
'ogulations in seh eases made and
rovided would doubtless arouse them
o a sense ofV their lost condition, s,
From am private source the Talla-h
isssee SIentinol learns that a uiot "
ook place in Pensacola a few days ~
Igo, between the Quebec stevedores
mtd colored men of that place, which E
-eaulted, in the saeking of the Powell.
l~ouse and the ehooting of a man
aamed Callananr. The risot grew out
af the disposition of the boss steve
los to emiploy men from Q~uebec, to
'to the work in the bay ia preferene
o the colored men.
The srirviving aufl'erers of thev
iteameor Julia St. Chair accident ar
rived at Columbus, Ga., on Wedine.
lay. Four were killed, three so dan
iorously scalded that they wil,. die,
Lad sir, severely injured. a
Mr. F. Cohen, of Sumter, has been ~
victimized by a one.armed cotton '
ipoculator, signing himself Samuel ~
Williams. The cotton was not forth r
.Jampe 8. Stocker, a eolored taan,
was fatally shot in Charleston on Sun
asqy, while trying to saperate two c
Mr. St. Cohen, of Sumter, informs
the Wilmington Star that he was
nado the victim of a forgery a few
]a) s since, The circumstances as do.
"ailod by Mr. C., are a follows s "A
nan about twenty years of age,
riiooth skin, of rather florid complex
'm stout, and measuring live fect five
nevhes in height, dark hair, with his
ight artn off below the elbow, brought
own simples of two bales of cotton,
:ouched for by Mr. Buddin, Rtil
Rond Agent at Lynchburg, S. C.,
vhich I bought, paying him $163.73,
ess $1.t which he received in trade,
or which he signed his name Smuel
iillIams. It turned out, on seeing
Jr. Buddin, that no such perst i.
wned cotton at his depot, that he
ave no such receipts, and that the
orson answering to the description
iven bears the name of W. C. Carr."
he Star adds: "The individual
Iltided to is said to belong somewhere
ii this State. lie received the money
Dr the cotton on Saturday evening
at, and on the same night took the
rain for this city. In what part of
his State he belongs is not known,
ut it is hoped our State exchanges
'ill give such publicity to the facts
a may eventually lead to his detec
ion and arrest.
The Sced Question.
The Postnaster-General has pro.
ared the following regulations, which
ill be sent to all postmuasters in a
,w days, relating to the recent
mendments to the one hundred and
iirty-third section of the new postal
Under this law, as amended, pack.
ges of seeds, roots, scions, or bulb.,
At exceeding four pounds in weight,
'e to be mailed at a prepaid postage
one cent for each two' ounces or
-actions of an ounce ;said packages
usit be put up so that the contents
in be readily examinod without
estroying the wrappers. Sealed
%gs, made of material sufficiently
ans parent to ahow the contents
[early without opening may be used
r such matter. This, as well as all
her third class matter, must be fully
re.Paid h1v postaae stainps affixed,
herwiec the same shallInoTbe for
The New York Journal of Com.
cree is showing that notwithstand
g the recent decision of the Post
'fice Committee [against thao Post.
n'ster, ho and his subordinates con.
nue to exact double the unpaid rates
a all lett.ers paid only in part. The
ournal has a suit pending against the
ostmlalster to recover postagn thus
legally imposed. The editor says;
"If overy one to whon such a let
,r is tendered should refuse to pay
ie overchange and bring suit at
ice for the detention of the letter,
>ere would be a nice array of e-isos
ann which damages could ultimately
a collected. But what an example
disregard of law this is, and who
in wonder at the progress of crime
hen the officers of the Government
ty no more respect to legal require,
Singular Wealhear Plenmenou.
Mt.wAuxv.a, WIs , Jan. 18, 1 873.
-A most remarkable weather pho
~anon occurred this muorining be
veen Milwaukee ai'd Sparta, Wis,
BO miles west. TIhme thermometer
the latter place was forty-flvo de.
rees belowv zero, while at Milwaukee
was eighty degrees above. The
ifference was due to two distinct cur.
mnts of' air, that at Milwaukee being
-om the northoast, briisk, with a
vely storm of snow, while at Sparta
ad furthier west the wind was from
me northweat, with a clear sky, The
innge in t he t emperature at M il wau.
oc oeeourredl on TIhursaey evening,t
Swhich time a dense bank of clouds
orked its way across the sky, follow.
Eg closely in tho wake of the moon.
Prayers or the Prcs,
We noticed, a few dlays ago, that
>ine of the Clergy of Washington
ave been praying for the conduetors
r the Peess in. Washington and else.
here. The Savannah News, in al
iding to the pious efforts of these
Trhis sort of activo philanthropy
certainly very praisoworthy on the
art of the brethren of the First Con..
regational Church, but if their pray.
rs for the editors and publishers of
iecun try are of no more avail than
iey have been in the reformation of
io Radical officials andl members of
eongress, within the sound of their
oicee,thoy will not accomplish mnueh
Ata conference held in Atlanta,
va., on the night of the 22d, in which
very County in the Eighth District
ras represented, Hon. A. TI. Stophens
ras unanimously nomninatedl for Rep.
esentative to Ccngross. They pare
ared an Address to the voters and a
otter to Mr. Stephens. Hon. Robert
It is stated that the surviving sol.
loe of the Mexican- war are to be
Boston has the small-pix vt the
rate of threco thousaid casits.
It is reporte.! thit a b. Cubi
expedition with arm. 2od iennni
tion for tih pat iot canie h at hindel
St. jli i L a.' !". tiled all jiltt'rni t
tional 1)idu-trial Ei n -ilionj with
capital stook of $1.00i,000.
Nomi inaitIion -u ( 1 d ge I Iium -hriis.1,
of Alaimana, ('. S Utsttict Jidge,
Senat action adv-r-e t.> bill for
reliet of' leten aufle ir.
"ho ceton tax bill has been
amended so 14 to prv ide f6r tO res.
titutieonI to tie liuIty actually payig
Bill repealitig Di nrupt. not passed
Savannah observed Lee's birtlida y
with great celat, Gei. Wade Dlamp'.
ton delivering the nrddress.
A fire at P.arkei 's Landing, Pa.1,
left 100 families houseless r.nd de
stroved $%02(, .10 Off property.
A wartehouse in New York burned
Mrs. Mary Van Horn, of New
York, left bequests of nearly $500,.
000 to charitable institutions
Right IHou.Stephen Lashington i.
Howe re-elected Senator from Wis.
Niblack, from Florida, will gef.
Wllis' sca t in Cong ress.
Pinciback's eredentials presented
Mre. IIarrison Gray Ot.i i.s did.
Conl:inl.g will, it is :aid, be elected
eflit or froin New Yolrl,
(eorioll ruining ahead for tho
Capt. Jack and his band fought
Grand frohot inu ic -gorge at Al
Tho flood atepped travel on the
House Committee on ciections ro.
>orts in favor of Nimlelk. Jemocrat.
4 Indiana, and against Wallr, color
d Republican, of Florida,
Prince Napoleon is recortirueted,
nd don't want the shadow of a ro
(Grnt floo nl n thl Su.-quhanna.
No session if tie St nate.
Mr. .Lamar's cotton claims let ter or.
Icred by the House to be prinii ttel.
Credit Mobilier testimony ordered
o ie printed.
A hill for the relief (if sufforers by
he 'destruction during the war of
ertain Kentucky salt works passed
Mr. Blair's bill for the relief of
7ast Tennessee Univer;ity also pa"t
Tihe legislative da'fld I-Cl( continuee
n Alabama and lJouisiia.
i p roret!Ci ( of Or 1 .inissip le.
Generial evnold'i report of tli
amrvey for the impov.mt of fho
:hannel of th1 N isi-ippi, from .
Fouis to Cairo, h% bowi b.lia befero
he Houise of Reproniatives by
4peaker Blaine. ''he report recom
riends the deepening of the, channeli
n some pe!ievs, and the mainteiianireo
>f the present deep channels by
neans of drams tnd d ykes. The foI
oving is the estimatc,
Approxiiate estiimtn of
the work propo;ed toI
give increase depth of
cosit otf lhe work intend
ad to maintain the preP
ant olhannel 2,102,1 40.00
cost of work above
The Tidttedness of Nrw York ('ily.
Through the '"ring"' arrangemien t,
he city of Now York run uip a debt of
;reat magnitude, the eniti re sumn
cachiing over one hund ed. anid twen.
.y-fivo millions of dollars. Under
he reform regime the last, year thin
mnornmous debt of the city governmenet
vas reduced nrear nine millions of
lolla, and it is to be hoped, with
he aid of the independent pres'e,
hat this reduction may conrtttnie
intil the debt is reduced to a reasoo,
The Ncw Missouri Srnater.
The Hion. L. 'V. Bogy, who bten
uist been olooted to the United StateC
~enate from Miissonri, start, with a
ood platfe rm. In his speech ro
urning thai kse for his election, hs
>dodges hins self to the suipport of
monomical g ovarnment, decentrali.a.
ion, amrtosty, and derfenswo of local in -
lustrial interests. Mr. Bogy was for
aierly mayor of St. L~omiie* and is a
tian of considerable dlitinoton as s,
Ahorough business monn-.
Father ilJRR T~ry ll[.
Right Rev. Bi-shop Qiintlsn has r'
3eived a oable telegramo from Milen,
rtaly, annonnoing tihe dang~rous ill.
ness of Father Ryan. He was so ill
that three doctors wera in attendence
upon hi-m ; arnd no one whatever- was
permitted to see him.
The report of Father Riyro's serious
illness has been anit horitaik-ely con-~