Newspaper Page Text
A;- Ct- A
Desportes & Williams Proprietors.] A raiiy Paper, Dovotod to 86iOace, Art, Inquiv, Industry and Literature [Terms---$300 ner Annum J M a1 o
VOL. V IIl.] WINNSBORO. S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 5 1873. I N(x
)ESPOWLhSI & WEILLI AI
Termre. --Tit If:-it .n is pnbllished Week
v inl tie T.wn or Winnsburo,'at $3.00 ins
variably inl diiance.
%I' f1I transient. advertisements to be
p-tiel inl adivance.
01bitLuary N300us And Tribl~utes S;'I 00'per
il URIi D.
In Ihe lonily graveyard sleeping,
Midtiglit itars their vigils keeping,
O'lr his grave a monrier weeping,
Wildly praying-vainly Rtaying
Nl0ce, too -;till.
Solemn windi above him sighing,
Ait umin leaves around him d iig,
W'ith hin cherisheil hopes aro lying,
Lowrly cecattere.1-rodtly sthattered
Ill thle dlust.
n tn I'll I'l voi es thele i.-e Vianting,
- ever h:nintoing,
iii 'ilie sa- Ieart's patAting,
Wi up .ea v ing -liit tor grieving
U'er the past.
Speeiral shnolows 'rotnd her gliding,
Forrow inl her breast abiding,
In the grave her joy She's hiding
l'a len, vanisiet-sally biished-,
Ob ' (thn wearv, honpeless wTniling,
While the clutids tihe stars are weilhig,
Atnat their pensive liglit is railing.
Tretnbling tar beams-Ileeting heart
Fat'e theo well.
Ini tihe east, behlil the dawning,
)rlt tihe hill tops cotrnem ihe suoriing,
Likedi brile i.. her aloriing,
Dowdrojis glitter--songbirds twitter
lInshlcd tie voices sofrtly CAling
Fledl the footsteps lightly fallinl,
Coti jIered all of Cart h' enlitr ttallingi
Bright in beatiy-firm in dut;
There she lien;
Stilled the ratcher's bittr groaning;
Consed for aye, the weary ihoennits,
'Irii.t has come--.tlhe All atooingi
lieati's vieloriois-Ilove is glorious
All is well.
Practical Milki to V01111" Uit rille is.
If caIlled on to suggest a Syst em of
rotations in crops and in fertiliY.-rs;
I would dutc the folldwii; Fof elt:
tont take a fiel which did not feel the
plough last Stimmer. Whateverv tf
home made mantres you intend ffyr
Ctottrm, re-ad over this kleld and
plogh in before the 1st of Februarv.
Let the land be well pulverized. If
elay predominates, the field will
bea;r a he -0y coat of litter from
'thte voois, especially if closely pas.
t ired ty stock last summer. The
beA stab!o mantire will do no harm ;
ptt in tit this time, &ven if fifteen
minutoils do not intervenc between the
time of digging up in the stable and
thd covering over it the field.- 'PiTe
decomposition of manure or any vege.
tablo matter in the soil is- les'irable,
inasseeh as te gases given~ out in
the process are ab'so'rbed antd i'eta?nied
by the hungry soil, and afford niutri.
ment fort tho first plants that rise
If Outno is to be tused it should not
be applied till you are about ready
to putt in your seed, as its volatile na.
ture eauses its stimulati-ng properties
toi rushi rapidly through the whole
bed, rise to the surfaso and travel off
to 2tdjm'tcnt fields or forests.
Corn tmay properly follow eotton,
providetd there be a generous sprink..
ling of fertilizAerc; peng may be plant.
ed1 amontg the corn, after it has at
t sined suflicient sise as not to be in.
-jured by th'e vines.
Corn may be followed by wheat or
oats, or rye. No injury is likely to
result to- the crop if fau gife' theo
whole field a sprinkliag of lime, or
stable manure, or litter fronm the
wonds or' fence corners. Nor wi4 the
- iii:n.e io of' atny amouttt uYf pea
'vi-inarss he likely to in
ni intg crop or the future
frtilit~y of' the land.
If the youth has an itnklng to try
whtat virture there i3 in clover or grass,
or' the two combined, after putting in
htisi graini with the plough, sow your
seced of the grasses, and run over the
latnd with a light brush or harrow ;*
very little pastutrage of the field r'
admnaissible after harvesting the grain
e.op. 'tne clover and grass then ad
nott of tno intrusion. Soon after the
clover boeins to rise the next spring
sow on it fiom a peek to two bushels
- of Plaster ol Paris. The first cut
t ing mutty tike plne about the middle
of Ma&y. As soon as the olover begins
t. , ris, after the nutting, repeat the
doso of Praester. IThe second cutting
itay take plco in J'uly. Again apply
-the Phasoer, and yotu may reap a third,
aid perhaps a fourtht harvost. Put
on the P) a-ter at the same time next
arrait, eto.; you may make two out
ltitwi tuts, season :what rises after
tht5 should be turned under in thte
fa!s. a fGrtilha.-R-re cre/.
The Dark Year of 1816.
A Detroit paper judging from (1
course of the wnather this wititc
thinles we are likely to have "anoth
year i ithout a sumier," and t I,
goes on to acnifort its Ieaders wi
these assuring words !
If the pinching weather freez
young or old blood into a horror
worse things tI come, it nay conso
such to know that wOre things la
happened, and the world survive,
The year 1816, or the year "cighte<
hundred and starvdd to death," wi
also known as "the year witl
oft a buinmbr," anti the colde
ever experienced within the memoi
of man on this or the Eastern Contii
ent. The previous December wi
very cold ; but January was so mil
that fires were hearedly neellel
February was also genial, followed b
an ordinary Marcb, with cold an
boisterous opening weather, but milt
or at the close. A aril Was more ik
winter than spring. A fe-ooious Ma
killed buds and frqits with half a
inch of ice, and the Gelds werU plab
ed and replanted with corn, which we
constantly nipped by the frost. Fros
Ice ahd snow in Juie killed near]
every green thing, and destroyc
nearly all the fruit. Saow fell tom
inches deep in Vermont, and covere
the ground in Mas.sachusetts and No,
York. On the fifth of July ice thie
us window glass was formed. India
corn was badly damaged and wha
.4urvived was still more injured b
the August ice. Farmers wer
obliged to plant in the spring of 181
the corn of 1815. It cost from fou
to five dollars a bushel. The \V e
tern farmers who are burning thei
corn for fuel many take the hint. TIh
rqst of the year was icy and frosty
ending In i amilti anti eotnfurtable De
comber. The sun seemed to impar
very little heat ; nature looked a
melancholy as in November, ani
men's ininds were depressed with anx
inty fur the future; The averag
wholesale price of lour was thirtee
dollars a barrel. With our excessiv
crips of corn and wheat it would pre
bubly be Iliossible to produce an
groat di.-tres, for food, should anott
er dark year glower upon us, an
iaught by exiCiece tIe poti-ibilit
0f l.rivinig so cold anld giuowey
. t r, (b fe wt(itd be iei's in u tal a1
10C ab..u t it s term inat ion.
'piaus rains have fallen in Cali
i' n, and Lounteous harvests ar
e .'d. If we at.o to hate tin ivs
111,1111 a, therefore, we will hav
Wiur ti fciends to look to fo
The New York Silln is discussin1)
Ole proposition to substitute for th
pbIIo O enetioh of Oriiniaals cor
demned to death bfy the Vlaii Uf put
ting theni to' death privately by poi
son without theit expecting it, i
ways known only to the officers ohart
ed whir the dut.y of killing.
'The motito (Nrys the Sun\ appeai
to be humane, and it reminds us
an idea conceived years ago by Y
Jules Le Chevalier, a French social
i.-. .lli plan was to sfib-titute fU
the guillotine or the gallo.q what b
called electric fulgaration. Th
crimilinal was to 1-0 taken, and life ey
tinguished by an iiifmen) shock
elestrierty, whi-ci Wuf overcom
him with such inconcivable rapid it
that he would not be conscious of th
process.- M. ije Chevalier advocate
this reform with much elognence; bn
we (10 niot thi~ik he mado mnany cot
verts; and it is-noti likely that th
new meothod is any more to be ad6'p
/1 ColoreV Werd P~ills Cit4~? W~hduraw
Cadet Samuel Gibbs, colored, so
of the Secetary of State of Floridi
withdrew froni WVet P'oint on Mor
day. Sanmuel Gibbs was appointed
cadet in May, 18'72, by a colore
congressmlan from Florida, passed thi
peol hin ftry examiftatio,- and Antecre
the Academy in June. A correl
pondent fronm West Point tells tlb
reasesl of th6 *ithldrawal. He says
"Tbe January examination, whic
closed about a week ago, and whic
psoved death to the military aspirn
tions of Cadet (;ibibs, dre re-r'eie'te
to have been unusually sevefe an1
searching and about t wenty of th
backward ymylrrg mew wore found
which implies that they were deficier
in matrks, an~d failed to patis anl cxam
nation. In other words, when a er
det is "found,' lhe is lost to tli
\cadem~y, and retieris to civil life,
The same correspondent states tha
while Gibbs was not maltreated, h1
with Smith, theo other colored cado
was coompl'e t l-y estr aeised,. sociall
by the othter cadets,
The Port Itoyaf [(ail l ontf.
The track has been laid on C1
Port Royal Rail Rhad to Upper Thr<
Runs, South Carolina, twelve milh
tiis side of Steel Creek, and on
sixteen miles freom tho 8avannr
River. The bridge will be entirel
completed in eight days. Tihe layin
of the track will be pushed for wai
rapidly, and the whole road will1
finished and in working order by ti
1t. of March, beyond nerAd venture.
Untlergrouid alilway in New York City
11 The underground railroad in Ne
r, Ytork knowli as the Vanderbilt Hue
,r j nd chartered by the last Legislature.
m after a desperate fight, in which th
Ih I great railroad kitig was victorious bi
lit of money and it fluct cc, is pro
as gresbing, and will be completed in it
idf little over a vear. As the first un
le tergrund raiw.y in.th is country, it
o is deservirig a passing notice. In
1. London, these underground road.
II have become 'quite common, and if
ts reports are to be believed, hava been
I. eminently siccessfil. In any ease,
t (Commiitodore Vanderbilt is safe, as the
y track of his i-oad ftarnishes the needed
I. nccess to the heart of New York city
is for the trains of the hludson River
d Railroad, and the construction of a
1. tutinsit tor the lattet' purpose alone
y would have been fully justified. The
d road, as projeeted, m ill exhibit all
varieties of siupport-open cuttings
e inl sonie places : then between Ninety
y sixth strebt and One Hundredth and
n Fifteenth; thb tirs will rtih upon a
viaduct ; and further in the city the
s underground tunnel will be used.
One of the most noticeable features
about it is the stations. Near the
i City Hall; for instante, the building
will be like a swiss cottage; lIAlde;
J it is divided in1to ladies' and gentle,
y men's rooms fitted up in pretty much
i the same style as those to which
ai travelers are accustomed. It will also
t have two elevators fr the hoisting
y and lowering of freight. In the een
a tre arc to be stairways-a kind of
7 double .Jacob's ladder-for descend -
r hig and asending. The tunnel itself
- will be light, airy and comfortable.
r Ven' ilators and air-shafts will be pro.
v vided along the whole route, and it is
expected that, gentlemen can go
throngh it to their places of business,
t reading the mo'rn ing papers with i as
4 much cae as if in their own parlors.
'The Beautiful Village of Abbeville Again
Desolued by Fire.
A ini-:i;.t.L C. Jr., Tue.day Janu
ary '-8 -A fire broke out about
eight o'clock last night in the business
poition of this towni, and burned for
three hous, de.trojing Wilson &
(othran's new brick range. Six of
the stores inl the liunge were burned,
and only one wassa ved.
The fire, which is believed to have
been the work of an ieendiarv,
originated in the store of Allrse &
M Miller, where it raged with great vio
lence, a batrrel of kerosene hating be
Theother sufferers aore 11. J. tiomaR.
colored man, K lp-shan & Sklarz's
two storeiC-, and A. k queet. Th&
store of ''rowbridge & Co., was saved.
The builoings now burned were all
new having been oe~tpiled fUr oitly
e aboit six mont hs.
.he lor:s on tle buildings is esti
taMed at $15,000, of whieli $8,000
are covered by iusuranco, as follows
n In the ('ontite.ital $2,00; in the
Georgia lfme $3,000, rttd iN fiei
Ifartford $3,000. The loss of goods
in the htores will 'a mount to at least
10,000, I't it is not known what
1' poportion of this a moldht is iisured.
- The offiec of the Abbeville Medium
r had a narrow esca pe, the wind being
C light during the fire.
C Tlhere is no clue rs vet to the' in
cend iary .--C'h'urle4n New's.
e (freini Ments of the Waf'r;
' Gen. Hamipton,- in lhis address in
SSa va nnahI on lie iccasi on of the atnni
v ~eriary of thle birth of G en. Lece, thtus
feelingly deseribed the lad~t scene of
the war het ween thle States
e Tho heart siekens as it reeall the
deah-thres of thit or.ca mighty
army, whose hagonrets ht.td for' four
years susatainedl thv5 liberty of the
-. South; aind it vhule fasi-m draw a 'veil
n over the moirtal augonty that wrumwg fthe
~, hueart of its commnuatde'r when he .nad
.all was lost. Ho irad done all that
a man could do, anid be felt now that
d the timne had come when it was his
e duty as a soldier and is a Christ ion,
d to sa'e tje farther effusionu (f blood.
.No though1t ofsielf entered into the
e consideration of this (piestit'rr. In
:hia odn wordls, "the questiron is
h whether it is right and it it is right,
I take the r'esponseibility.
-Believing that it was tight to do so,
i he surrendered the l'ttle remnant of
l that banid of heroes, who had follow
e ed imi thirortgh three yearis of blood,
'of victor~v and of gloryganid lie sheath
ted forever his spotless sword.
-Wauved' sword froam stain so free,
'cror' puret' swordt led a brn ver han.t :
or a b'sv er hied for a brtigh ter' lan ;u
N, or a bright er' Mind hat acesse sto g~run:
The cud h'ad a: .me ; "'our sutn lhad
gone (downt whilei it was yet day ;'' that
cause, so grand, sanctified by the tears
the prayeri', the life-long~ agonty of out
noble wtomen, andl glorifi(ed by the de.
voti'on,- the patriotismi, the blood of out
e men, fell when the sword of Lee wtaI
'0 surtrendlered :and with its fall the muili
is rary career of on-r great chi'ef ended
y The skeleton of that dapfain Nal
g some time since dog up, in the Aretit
'd regions, has been sent to England.I
>O is that of n. man about five feet eigh
ue incbes tall. One of the teethi
filhnd with old
National ThuAldrb it Washington
Was bturnied Monaday night. The Im
perinal llotel w as duiaapd $30(1,000.
Mrs. Oates Titus lostha':ily.
Yellow fever at Rio Janeih
Thiers has signed the triaty of
commorce between England atnl
Fr an ce.
Scdgewick, the English (1cologi.t is
Senate refused Colrax - committee
No judgment of Court of (laims to
be paid except on proof of loyalty.
Congress will see if V 8. 'J ud'e
Locke of Florida holds a State dlc.O
The suits against the Alabaiuia par.
tic- who paid cu tom duties to C bUn
federate States to make thein pay
again will be discontinued.
Motion for writ of error in Stokes
case will be heard to-day Saturday.
Important documents !i Tteed's
case have been stolen.
Serious difliculty in Forsyth coun
ty; (Ia., between U. S. MAaraha-l and
citi~eile groW!ig Out of allegetl viola.
tiont of revenue laws. Une bitictl
killed and two deputy niarshals
Alabama Legklntive ent.nglo
iteit boilttiii t .
,fury in Ne* York gate ,Jo'ason
5Iib)1)0 0 daniages agsiit Marshal
Sharpe for ejecting him fon Court
France and Italy have suspended,
diplomnat!c relat ions with C reece.
(-oien. itinkle, odorUtO of !-re.
1llel'd Bulreaun fralldi.lent t ran sactions,
has Leen heavily (ined, senteiced to
the penitentiary and caaiieied.
It is boliaved that tlie 61panisih
steamer Murillo was the ill fated ves
sel that collided with the emigrant
Havana steamer, Moro Castle, seiz.
ed for debt in New York.
Smnall-pox abates in h1n-Ion.
City of Mexico and Vera C-:az i i
road complotion culebratel by a
A bill wis introduced in Congre.
Friday -nito-izin~g the construction
of a I iii tie tithe botvceii New
York a e. .
Anti.s- pro to: . of tl
Terrible nw.v :turi at, * N ,tth
Siow :md ielet in N.w Y .
No wi:.a:es befc the 1,i i
cot)mmittee ; il ,.It % it b 1..
conlsider fllth snt. .
preme Court i ro
Ilouse 'If 10 ,.-. a
without a <. i, 1 11;
er hJn enl or Del.yg :e .
FAsi, the Car bok :.n V.i I
swing Mare 7.
I) ne'oft Davia nomirndted tts A
sitant Steretary of State.
Ciedit Mobilier stirs hot Wood
among iripeached (ogres -mn.
In an attack on fhe tamp Captiain
Jack, the IndhOat chiff, was repulk. I
Prince Na polon ldidn't say what
he was slid to have sald in ref'etene;
to the futurp of his faoily.
'ihe difiiulhie I q et .t-n Ireai
Brit'ain and Russia inoren.-e, and seve
ral powers support the former.
Internationalists nrrested in Paris.
Trichborne dlaiman domes Co the
surface again i'n a contemplt ease.
Steamer Brittania agrund on. Ar
ran 1sland. iin egtim Cr.
pliny ill senacrd a donimisision to in
spect European telhgraph s) ste'm.
TIhe Syundicate hare resolved to
place the entire three mill'ons five per
6Cnt, o'n f2~ i a rk~t.
1anuki'ng Com:mitttu is (o report
favoring resufiptioni of spec piig,
meet May 14t, '7:3, and free banking
J~ul1y hit, '74.
Colerado ad.rission kild in the
ReportE oif E!oetion Commitftee
unseoats Walls anid seats Niblack;
.J. 11. Stewart, refusing to testify in
Credit Mobilier matters, was orderedI
Tlh' enate's !efb~ifl fo table
Sprague's motion t.) recoo~ ider the
Vote deciiding that judgments of Court
of Clais cheoofd t~o set aside uinless
the clainm ant.-, boja lt d ur ing t ie at
could be shown, looks like a reversal
of the former ncti-on.
The1 Sandhwiebhers haate elected a
Geon. 0iltr.ore, of b'ombardthent
noitoriety, imiprovee CIhrluton lhar
It wval t he M.urillo that coll ided
with the N~orth Fleet. lier uflde.ts
and crewv will1 he exaruined at Cadiz
in Felti on to thle d isasteor.
Tweed jury di.agreed, and1 w..sdi
Seniator Pomneroy dangerouly ill.
Three negro iu1dendiaries hanged in
- l'ornnsylvni'a Senate by a vote of
25' to I condenmned tifeo scheme of
Governmet control of the telegraph.
Theb Su-qunehammi is still i'ee-prged.
Presie:-r v'ered the not foir the re
lief of tF lst TIenmnessee Universwity.
IIWay -- n M-uns. CommniitteO will
repon' agdt ik ek's bill to refund
L.ithe cotton tax. Thle vote in the
t I Committee was () to 3.
sI Sena to discussd steamship subsi
Stafenents are oo)ntinually d<
that thi a 'tate iich i.t uil le, 11n
especially th1ti3 gold exists in consid
erable riuantites. 1r some time
it hai bven known thtt there is a got
in ie iii Liaurens County, about fout
:51d. a hazlf niiles So ath west of the
Coll t I louse, but f.-om want of capi.
tal, it hi.s mnt been dovelopid, exe'p
thatoe shaft was sunk 000 or '601
Ntt on tlh*6 rarti of Mr: 0. burgess
Gold was found in increasing rinanti
ties as the shaft descenled. The soi]
in the viin ity of this m11inle .18!5 Loj:
tains gold and it is stated it may oazi.
ly be detected in every shov-rf'ull,
after a few inec of tho surface is
relitoved. Nt hiing means to Con,.
tinue the expensive process of mining,
Mr. Burgesp, sonic time since, began
washing the gravel and sand gatiered
from the bed of a branch that was
near the mine, and states that it) a
short time he secured over I,100
pennyweights of gold, in particles
and small nuggets, and stated by the
asba3ert at the Philadelphia mintLi
where it wan ebihied for hith, td be us
pure atid line a Jiuality of gold as aihy
produced in the United States.
lIo left at this offico speoimens of
gold-bearing quartz, piokod up from
the surface near the mine, and also
exhibited some of the nuggets taken
from the bed of the stream. The
manner in hich the mine was dis
covered is interesting. A little girl
was phying inl the field, atid fMund a
.'tone, which she thought was pretty;
and carried it home. It prtoved to be
it pieeb of guld 4 aring qIuartz, fiom
kthlh 'orty d(!!Lars' worth of gold was
tak-en. Tle (juartz, taken on an avrlr
age, it is said, will produce $-200 to
the ton. If this is t!!e fiet, the mino
will we!l pay wo king. It i0 hituated
on the samo line with tlhb Dorn and
Union mine. 'Tho owner of the
property desirts to have the wrinos
developed, and is anxious to so6uio
the formation of a company for that
p urpo o.-- Colu m'i Un ion.
While lairs on llorsms.
A eorrcspondent of the Massaehu
s l'lug ltian, leeolinellds the
foll'rvitig icmedy for whito hairs
on lss whiche appear on spots
bt.-. the saddle or harnea:
he a ;seea of lard large enough to
* t; eCe a thorough grentiing
so with the hand until it
ht, repeating the operation
iue times, and th0 Wite
w soon come uOti and hairs
nirail coM fnAe their plate:
L o tiied tl:iai on several horsedR
d I ne .cr kniew it to fail. I think
tle bs('t time to do this is in the win
tet, Lofore the new coat st'rt.'i
Tie Grand .J ury of Marlboro cun.
ty thus goes for the Town Coun 6il of
Bennettsville, in tlieir r6cent pre;
'lhey woul.l preen't the Towi*
Council of lennettsville for gross
it gltet of duty and inattbiotion to the
trusts imposmi upon theni by la in
allowing great disorder togo'dneheck.
ed, porsis to fid ap a dangerouA
paCe, drunkentnessi aid the dirharo
ing of firearms inl the thotoughfares
0 he town ; in not brnini the offen
ders' of thte law auld of ti!e poa-ce an d
fliuie t of th e peoptle to jnstic~c, n nd not
t.ffhrdi-ng proper -pt otio'n t o the ver:
son and property of thte citizh~ns.
' .lin ed-\o \ted4Jesd]v lit at
the re..idende of th'o btide'C fat!Yer, iiN
Macon county, Alab'amra, .fr. Sautel
.l. Ilosle, of Atla it trad Miss Eliza
&etar ia V'7a%. TIl~ie ee'rmo'y is
said to have' bien Very .i'nteiesting
beitng JLerfostsrd b~y Rev. A. R.
Iloi~derby, of' Tluskegr e. No cards."
(()f'course, not, says the Adtlata Sun.
llow cord there he anty when he was
so comp~letely We%~ edb uft/-ae.(&rd.
ing 14) Iloylo--that he had to Ihold
er' by thte artm utntil the knot was
A private dispateh receited to day,
1)ihigd initethgence that the town of
Kitngstrec, WN1illiamdurg'edunty; s'f'
fers heavily in its butsitness portion
from fire. Tlhe loss is estatetd at
9000 It is not known whether the
Are wtas t'i'c road~flt 6f an nedent, or
the work of an ineceniiary. fThe
prit cipal suifferers are Ann Jones,
MI r. Suitwartz, Chtarles IIoffman, WN.
J. lece, J1. M. Wilson, Louis Cohen,
Geoarge Colemnan, and W ard A Mad
rice, Loss $50,000."- CusiO/inia 9.
You are the.. dullest boy I evel
raw,"' crostely etelaimsed a bald-headl
ed( oPll ulle~ to hiis neiphew. ''We' li
uncle,'' repliod the youth, w itha
gluance at the old gent lemauin's buih
ht(xd, ''you can't eipect rue to under
stand th-ings as troieutf ars you do
beonsits you don't have tihe trouble o
getti'og 'om through sour htair."
7l"ior ten diays before the date Sp
inte for the execution' of Stol'ce
and FPoster, two deputy sherift wil
be constantly ont watch to prevent cu
cape or suicide'.
l'eru has had ahlitki stir of efeit(
m oett iht the attemUpted assassinatio
of President Panrdo. The traini
which he traveled was to have bee
blow n uip near Sonia.
lieeth of lordilo Seytiloir.
A Baltimoro paper saya the op'eni
ing speech of Ilon. Ihoratio Soinour
before the National Prison Reform
Coingreauj was one of the most philo
sophical and plilatiti ropiial, in the
best sense of the word', that has cvCi
been delivered upon the sabject of
prison reform. lie took the noble
ohristian ground that when wo pniiish
oriminal4 with any less penalty thin
death we do not propose to put a rc
formed life out of their power, ror
we are en*lied upon to do so by any
Uf the etids of justice. W do no'
'donsign thbin siilply to a school of
suffo ing, but ought to see if eheV
cannot be reclaimed while they un
dergo punishment, so as to ho reform
ed and deterred frow evil. Ti.e noi v
malaria and the greed for gold n
prevail In tills no itty-, the i i.
changes in dur muateriA coinditi W, a
tle great additions inad 3 to o.- p
lation of those ignorant of iu.
toms and language; we-rt. ne.'
by Governor Se3 diour as 'n..
fruitful causes of the oflin etu Cn
with the tithiinliratis h of justic.
our land. ie controverted the po.' a.
takei by Boecher in a reccat lectut"
on compulsory education; that nienta;
education is a sovereign l'anacea for
all social ills. Moral education is
far more i:nportant, and far more
effectivo in the repression of crime.
The meetings of tlie Congreqs have
been wbll a. tefided. There appeared
tt> b a diffe-tbnce of op!nion among
the niembers. Some were in favor
of indefininte imprisonment for crime.
the release of the convict tofdepend
on his conduct, which co prse is strong.
ly opposed by ot-hes. Tho r nbjct of
a duptirtision of ithe oonvicts after
their release also excite a good deal
of disUssion. It was purposed to coam
plete the busii 'ss of the association
and adjourn last night.
AlIODpt, of a Pen et'hiitfiry l'resh It
Yestrday nfteinooii when the con
viets of the penitentiary were assem
bled to b6 lbeked in their cells, it
was discovered that one of them came
up miisAing. Search was mado and
the bird was found perched in the
rafters of a shed cering sovic cid
machinery, where he had enAeoncefd
hiftt.cif In the hope of Ialkug his .
cave fintidtir noter of drk ', ,
-roved to be I wie - i, -I r a i 'r
bonvicted of araon at, the ter I of Ile
Sumter Court last week, and sentene
04d to teti years, by Judge Cirpenter.
Ile was brought over o'n Tbutrsday
Iaft. Ohen fouind ho i alimost
, ne c6npcitor shot naiotlher in
New York the other day because he
had addressed a few civil words to a
lady. If jealous lovers are thus to
visit their displeasuro upon those
ahoi6 thef fancy &re attraoted by
the cliarms of thoir "laydes faire,'
love-nakiing, eOen civility to ydurng
ladies wiR become a dangerous
aitnusenent. The young printer. was
form6rly frorn our i.t ei state of South
C aruoiida.-- T'l.St_-.
fA new feature o photography is a
back ground that dan he taken sepa.
rately a:Vid use with any negativo.
New' A diertisements,
Per dn'ty ! Agents wanted ! / 11 einsses
of n'orking peopl'e, of ithelr sex. youin or
lheir spare momn s, or all th5 tiine, fli .
anyt ing ei lse. Parioirius' free. Addre''ss
(r. STINSON & CO. P'oritand, Maine,.
Bill ~IPd ils 1 hai I' --
mar fails to cure. I. is prepared spr
Io curn thle Pailes, ad no, hing ele
by all Drnggists. Price, $1.00.
UEO. P.UROWELL'S & (001
-name, location, population, bruaci cr.
dntstry, other information of imporinnre
ennee'nin'g eiery town in which a new"
papeir is' published inl tunited Si aies and
Dlomini jof Cainada. o ai
by nmail. Address Publishers, No. 41I Park
Row. N. V.
(Geo. P.RHowell& Cos! Aincricani
A book of i'uf'ingses, with editors' and puh.
lihers' niames.,11at of esitabli sihmentmi, sire',
folitidsg subscripiion prica and ciirculation
6'? n'l Newspapers in tihe Unitod 1States and
Donsiion of Canada.
Price, Five Dollars,
Eiy mail. Address Publishers, No 41 Pairk
Row, N. Y.
Send 25 Cents fer I 1i6
A book of 128 pages, dhoWinmg howv, when'
.and where to ad'vertiso,*.aund containlng a
list of nearly 8',000 newspapers, with mauch
ether Information of interest to adivertisers
DAddress G*EO. P. ROWELL & CO., Pubt.
W ~ ~ ~~;( hL1,E ' 1 %q'FLLW
Friighl; cvi-d P!'nyare
611oil A-eiits for
Alw1arac.' c-nd C,1tificatcs!
(IIEO. 1171I 111"IBIS & tO.,:
C;IJI I I 1'STO.N, '.,. C.
J. Ii. CATHCARTr,
Agciil. W~innisboro, S. CU:
W. Do UliQlT"r &or CO.,
LARGE alld EIJJL!X1 81*0RI1,X