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Dsots&W limProprietorg;] A Family Paper, Devoted to Science, Art, In-quir%,,, incdusiry and Literatue Trs-$.OnrAnm nAvn
VL 1s]WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING AT1t19 83 NA
Mn l'I'n.:.l ill-.1, I-:1-.(1LY ItY
- I r. r . . i I 1 i tsh el n'n r k
Nthi Tqwo of whA*i . or i, ;o i300
,ay" .ll ftran ieit uidvertisitents to 1w4
All lCaeuly fkles nn:.I) y, Ar s , b !
Th rinshowi cf 1nitlie l'em and
AW ho e who hevmr- IN hevobe of wecon'n
1'ri 1.. : v I. , : - e
There i., ;11 1-1.1 w.1 n w( het u e r.wvee thing
To Love I iere :. li tn-.
US0l:E by Thir 'wT Pern --Thle North.
Iwe-st !III hif.Ned.
The follaowing article, which Ve
extrait fium the Worl "poijSj a
moral, hS well as "ado"Ins a WICYe.
lie g:cat \Vest, whihi has been h.elp
ing tW keep doAn the SLSuth, no1W Ie
gins to feel the blewins " of th -i
'i.e le.-i t; ioj i i (on of Ion e-S, ani wVill
InOtl inw I.oss it is itSC." We
trust thP experience may lie yalutary,
and -Ad it iutio the .safer i-ath floum
ith itsipeopl have st nyed in Iiluv.
in- the delusive ligthts of the North
ra I nis tat: ol. The \Ve' i ti.
i:-.i'tih .-.1itt ii ~d:!
uhdpr se teabhi"a. W. e 1,i: ..
I.elieve a better : d1,1 1rightt. ,.
hiigs ar i.: si:. it lit the 1s.t
timle t1.0 itn KIu:< -n iK about brOin
pl'yed in ti.ere, iJ.e is the way it
Pr 1 aY 'y it w.-i1 :orpri.'s somt of
the 'Siw bbI He ple of iinois, wlo
te en a. t in : l of.' ex. ee
Uaain, the letalisld m" mopN"y Pow.
4:, to i .1rn1 1 hat. l rist * is al iminatenct
likelilhoo.d o1 t i b 1 bren ht on.
delor th provi a: of tL Fcderal
"Kii Kius kw." 2.rr~igthoughi
it Iluty be 1o t hem, nseverthe.CleSs such
iP the probability that now threatensn.
T ho apl iention l of thte N urt h-w s :.
ern I, tiliziing Coiipaniy (.t eorora
tin einirteredl by the Legimmune of
:ilinoir.) to the l'ederal Com t in this
ity for a urit. uf cerirari to rin,
fer tho pnceeding tiist that com
panly, for ulawvfuilly creating a i
nne, al u thl Statte (ourt to I e
Federal Court, under the K1u Klux
At, t ems likely to be granted.
lifgnited, It pioee, dings Will make
a precedent of whieb every :ailroad
cOimp.trV, and every othr legaloud
mlonlopo'ly inl this wt.e wilIi maI Ike"
laso to avail eiteif, lupn the com
i .evment. of iny legal piroeedhing
a'inst it under the laws of Ii i CIS.
Tus vii tuaIly will (he laws anid the
attn ity of Illiniois over the law
)ess corporatitns of its own creating
I set lit defi:isice by tle Creatures.
Thns will the sovereign pewolc of
Illinoishe i treated a-'s"Ku Klux," and
put uider tie Leces (if the m1is 1o)O -
ii tU, in virttue of that tin infaioiius
:d most, de. pOie U ac IenIt of a
C'red it..\Iohiirini*jifecte d C~ong.'ross.
Tis is tie new andil pos tenutous~ dani.
ger'Il thatiI no threaiitensx a peoplhe strutig
giling to er-caple fromli the devouring
jaws .of legalized robber',. Ii a day
ior t wo,~ the di (Osioni, already fore
i'thowedl, will1, be rendered by Juedge
Drumotnd, w'heni the victims of
1.aetcenai mt in~ Ill inlois wvill know
wvhethier thiey are to be (reaited by the
monsuopoly psowe r.;' as "Ku Klux" or
Piiy .Nrw ifrirmi.
The cond11iion1 of New Orlenans ist
Seen pitijabHI, anid the more, bseca use
decen t,~ intell Iigesnt, property-hldinig
citilzso thtle plhace have no partici
pa:tion inl clie nyin5 golst law andl
order ci an d p roperity wIchel rendeor life
inseenccire a ndlln hoes valueless. It
i gil ies lit tle to thse w8 'ith whom11
we stymlipatiize, whetheiir Mc1e1 ery or
Kellogg tric~imph. it sea th it the
grteter li nmbetr of Loutl'i: i ain Are
d isposed to co-oOperate wth \l i IMuery,
whil sansJ. c4///;smtlI afots mlost thce
iidvenur 1(1e ellogg.' Chioice betweeni
t hem is riot wsorth a httuman lifa or a
house dest royetd, or thle had fameo a
city wins~ by ta single dlteed of violence~
orm bloodlshied. * * Tlheo e4y goes
s)tolecamy ; its buildings, publ~hic or
pri viti, are unpainted ; its streets
silam~, "'for runL"--the .,&ddIi'.t Ku
boar that111 ever alttracts a st ii
eye - everywhere gree' . :so : ,
abhout the streets, and! un i ia.: h :1
venitur'ers and negr0 mater; ml: p
rionneeC im the oomi of at oneo sphI .lid
ilcilli of uil E~i stlble lait y.
We regret to annloun)ce the deatth
of Mrs. Georgia Miller, the daughuterl
of Mr. TV. TI. Cunningham, and thie
wife of P. 0. Miller in the twenity
sixth year of her age, a e eiec
nealr Lowisdesville, on theo eveinug of
IlThursmiaty, lthe (ht instant.-Abbe
Th'ie la bor market in TLexas is nyver
stoeked by the iniinenset immigration
from other Suuthern Statesi.
The Brighlt Side.
The last number of the Camden
Journal cottins a treichuatC, article,
evidently I romii the p.' of ita neW edi
IIor, Gen. *JopI B. tllershaw; whih
III I i the ittention of the !eddet to
th e birigit. :.cil of tile picture, ts it
I xi.ts at least in Kerahiaw County.
The eti'or sa.ys:
Ci o., ing has been so universal sineb
the wr, it, was ,o nell nigh justilud I
by the hardslips and tr als we have
unde-gone, l.at it was tilerated aild
entCour ged Ur.til it has becomute a lhab
it, and w i:)h many it is a coulirinled
clhrontic disna.e, worc than the eils
it glonnled over.
A calm thougih lia-'y glance at ou
srroundi ngs will convine any one
that there is no1) fur ther justifleation or
exetio for thie ci oaler. True, taxcs
tiro high mil unjut-Gove innit,
State ind County is oppressive, ty.
annlical andu part ial-do mioral izatdion.
is very conii, even out of politics
but grumtibling oliers no cure.
In a politicai auid so-iil sense, we
ni old Kershaw art- far bettir off than
n . ist, .ect ionis of the Soutl, wh ile ill
mduIterial matters w\e arc pi-ospering.
L't the facts speak for thi busi
1. More c. (ton and corn have been
'roduced than any other year ,iniee
i. More e'1 ton has leen bought
Lnd sold in Canolen.
3. Mort. ct-onm has I-ye) shipp-Ad on
ril- pid l' ,-.r-: brouat to
vi* ~ ni -sa andu exci
G'. There is ,e e a vacant house
r farml in the Couiy.
7. Pe fect health, peace and good
Now, thit liist hows a tolerable
:ondition at least.
A hOyni Sleigh.
V1omI a desdripstion given in a Get
nan cotemiporary it appears that the
mew aleigh of the King of Bavaria sur
asses in splendor all the sldih in the
Ver Id. This cleigh is dnb . mass of
iled tuythologicaI and allegorical
iginrecs. The body proper is support
d by maiads and numerons cupids are
een Paiboling In the girlahds ot
Iwnr. whichi wind around it l'en re.
ief." Mlue velect cuishiotis, drna*
nented with the richeAt gold em
iriiidories, covet- the seats and steps,
vhile tite side and back paiel are de
orated by paintings from the miaster
and of icnry von Penhciman. The
ole is also gilded and trinued with
uotly velvet. The robes are of er
nine. The hirneas for foir horebs is
!Overed with eibriidod velvet, and
1 heavy are its gold ornarmenta.
ions that one headstall ertindt bd
ifted with a single hand, and still
noro coatly are the saddle coverp;
3leigh and barness cost the triding
ui of 200,000 florins or something
iver $8,000 in gold.
low are you Fain ?
Some of the Northern joarnals are
>A)fnled at tilo social equality featuro
of the. grand 'nauguralt ball. One
spectaec in particular, they say,
'eaillted forth special indignation''
-a "perfectly white man sand wiched
betweenl two colored women,"' In.
biew of the Presi'de-nt's inaguration
pecehi, which thiey have so londly ap
plaudedi and loyally approved, this
nia wkishnelss of our Northern broth-.
enu seemas both ill-tinmed and absurd.
l'he doe-trine of civil rights, which
~en. Gratt so earnestly urges upon
lie country, amounts practically to
[oth i-g more nor less than~ social
lujtality. If the colored peopla are
.o ho foreed into. Southern hotels,
.healtres, ehurchsa and schools, we
lo not see wvhy they shou-td'nt go to
>aulls and lift th-eir heels with the
ipper crust of Northern society.- Saueo
vticeh is proclaimed a good thing for
he goose, can't be object ionable when
ipplied to the gander.
ohhntlihien to Bi r. Slfephteis from. bls
We find tile following han some
ribute to Mr. Step hens in tme
Boston A d ver t iosr:
Thle elect ion of .\r. A-. UI. Sfevens
o the Illouse of Rtepresenttatives at
W/ashinugton, and nlomlination oftx,
overnor .lnglish, of CJonneoclicut,
foir elect ionl to th at. body thIiis spring
w~'CV ~ ii'nro-; a' Ie ge* frt
from. the warm.
Saysv the Abbecvill .\edium:
Nat (Culpepper diedl a few years ago.
ile was niniety-hive yoars old and used
tobacco and whIisikey all his tle.
lie was not thle body servant- of
George Washington, the "IFather of
A Georgia cow hnsl 120 six and
eight-penny nails and 80 broken nails
in her stomlachI, and yet abo has nev
er known) a n ai' in her life time
The Late Congress.
The Now York Tribune says
"An analysis of the vote in the
House on the Wairy qacsti n shou4
that 62 of the 103 who favored tie
increase were not re-cleeed to Con
gess. Thatt i to soy, th',y had done
their work at the rite of conitenFa
tion originally agrteed upon, 'aitd
thby had ti i mm ediate propect
of comieg bak Igain. They there
fvre grabbed five thousand more
a1iec. These men, wisie in their day
Mi'd generation, undoubtedly think
that the 'happiest time is now.'"
13 not this disgraceful ? Itere we
have a number of men whose right to
makii laws had beentaken away by
the pic1e, and which right would
have expired in a few hours, passing
a luw to put into their own pockets
tivo thousand dollars each to which
they had no title under the law as it
.tood when they wei'e chosen to Con.
gress, nor under tiny law which exist
Ld during any part of their term, but
one of their dwn making. They liter.
alby put their hands iuto the public
fisc, and transfcrred t hence to their
'iwn pockets, cout rary to the reeordbd
vote of a ma1.3jority 0f ( the meiibers
whose ervices the people had en
.aged for another terme, thoit sum of
.ve' fifteen huidred t housands doi br..
Was there ever such a Congress be
rore I As was fit ing, th is outrage
a cons tt uinmated under the lead of
Beast Butter. Ile it. was who was
he patron of the amendnt.-Rich
j2 3 V,) xrol in jl Ielow the
0the tuemttberIs of the
m-.eC n li)uggled
6; th u I 0:)iins putting flifty
-- t'a .1n the:ir' ialatries for past
eviesA. 'ti.s shaineful itrichl has
hu' far excited comparatively little
toientcctt - the '-Liberal Reptub
icn" Press has said scarcely any
hltig about it ; but peoplo who sip
,lose tiln this acounlt tIt t le sc:ntdal
'ill "blow over" will fintd themiselves
unch mistaker. Wlci the nation
.ully umiderstands how it has been
iwitidlod by its represeutatatives iii
?ogt'ess, there will be a stormi
shich may make eveun 13n lutler I
luction tho wisdom of his course.
l'hc Porty-second Congress did little
ir nothing for tho people. It simply
listinguished itbeif by tmaing a
'grab" at the tiational cxchbcuer on
ie etc of its separation. It ii
me of the inost montrous abuse:; of
ogislativu power ever perpetrated,
and every man who took a.part in it
vill bo irretrievably disgravel in tle
tigh t of the publie-.Ne V York TVimes,
Ai "efirvesceecfe ha1s ede'rve.-ecd.
Tihe Folty-sceond Congress is no
more. The seasion that expired yc. i
Drday is chiefly' rema r'kaible for tite
poverty of its legislation. i e.tab.
lishing what Carlyle alls -the thory i
of defective verb" it can he pro
ointeed a brilliant success: Not one
Pot act of legislation; if we except
the repeal of the franking privilege,
)btained at hcavy cost, can lie point,
td to as (te rosgit. of these ninety
lays of froth. If ev('r a country Was
weary of' Congreaiional 'sound and
rury signifying nothing," it is that.
V1 ich yesterday beheld one hundred C
-tnd fifty ox-Senate and Ropresenta
ives trudgitng dokni the mai-kle steps
f thte Catpitiol, carrtyintg a million of
Iollat's utnearnied, undeserved, and
,aptured froml tihe Treasury bcy a
piece of legislation that is unpar'allel.
ad in eflfrontecrf. 'thotigh theO 5ession
will not be r'etenbered for at'y en
nloteents of great public benefit,
hough it haa secured no rights, lift
td nojburdens, nee no gt'eat egatmnples,
hero is still little danger of its pass
ng out of thce memory of the peoptle.
In cotigressional annals it, will be
promainent if not- esteemted.
In the statenmnt submtitted to theO
begislatture and published in the
Jolumbia papers a few dafys ago--as
o theodisposition of t~he $75-,000 said
o hale beent laid the State papers
or prinlting the laws of 1871, 1872
t is charged by thte State TIreas'urer
lhat thle Iarlinegton Sothlern wits paid
64,4I00 We Ittive (lisi to say as
o that statement :that to fat- as the
southtei'ner is cotteorned not otto third
>f thati atmount was recceived by thte
outhiertier or charged for the woerk'
10on0 by it. In facet we received rnothI
ng from the State Treasurer :cur'
ontract v/as wit h a- second pa rty' at, a
tipulated mate, and we thetre'fore did
tot know the Treasutrer in the miatter'.
fitvIf on ulher n cr.
bri tory 'float about a G-et..
dL'~ . lcays. The yotung meon otf
ntc~igaahbrOod dleter a mied to sig
teify ihteir' dlisa lpi'oval of such a breach
of propreity ast this speedy marriage;
so whtilo the weddling fonet was in pro.
gross in the htouse, they called and
gave the parties a calathumpian sore
natde. After a whtilo the groom ap.
peared at the front door, and, whenl
silence had been obtained, he-id, in,
a depre-catory tone:
"1 stay, poys, you- ought to be
ashamt of yourself to be making all
die noise, von dore yos a futneral here
so soon. It-ain't right." The band
Mysterious Occurrence at Sea.
There is a little vessel in thIbrlfar
whose recenthistory is even still More
mliysteriouS than .t! t of the M Ir.Ilo,
a Id ie'haps silarly traical to that
of the Nortlifleet. Te Mary Ce!ete,
anl Ameriican bril ititii, wE f'len1
in witlI by a Brirish vcsael sone 4,00
Miles east of the Azores, rnil birouglt
by her to Gibraltar in Dc. 13. heI
discovered she was uid er forem riost
sail and jib, anl tinder this lighii can.
vass she had bee-i pursnin! her way
for tenl (hys,wiithoIut a1 soul on board,
tho last entry on the ship's I obg bei I
on Nov -4. 1I h. No other pap viere
found on board ; manife't, bills ofi
lading, every document whieb could
have thrown anly lighlt uip-,n the hi
tory of the dereliet had n remov
ed ; and up to the precnt time,
though the irquiry is still going on,
not the slightest clue has leen traced
to account for the dcsonioni of tihe
vessel, and even ecnjoetlte 'fiat faut .
The cargo, considing ot barrels of'
s)irits, is untouched, With tie excep.
tiou of one citsk which had started.
Tihere ard no signs of the vessel hay.
ing suffered from bad weather in any
single respect, the most minute 6.
imination having failed to detect any
injury above water or helow it. A
Lliarmoniuni in the oaptain.'s cabin aid
the music books ai-e all in thier ilacs
untouched by walt water. , little
ph ial of oil was still standing by a
;ewing machine, and a rceI o citton
Ad thimble had not yet rolled off
he table. Nor had the cahin bcen
lundered, for its conteit., belonging
,o a lady and child, were of colsi,!
rable value. A sword was in its
cabbard rualy, and with mar;s of
ilood having boen wiped off. There
re mai ks Ii ko sharp cnts on the (op
rallant rail, and on both sides of the
essel's bows, which appear to ia ve
)cen (one on purpose ; whether this
oints to any act of violence, and with
vhat ioLive coimitted-why the
es.el was loft undor sail, or, in the
ipparenit absence either of plunder
r' peril, why -lte tv:is ever daserted ait
ll --is stll an absolute mystery ; for
ip to the present ioment no trace.
tas been found of the haidy or eh ild,
ut the e -Itain or any one of the CIC Y.
- Cor. Lnulon Globe.
-. ..- ... r...
The ilcedoc Lava Okrl,
VON 1)1nrt: Ir'Ari.:Ws OF -IM- IN DIu
desse Alpplegate, writing to tho
o tlaiid (t beoi) lhillctin,'give:; the
ollowing (c Criptioll of the lava led
n which th r'ie hti Moe Indians
re now intrenched :
The stronghuld of the m'diioe In
ians is a "ped regal'" d the most Cx .
enil ive and elaborate d.ec: ipt ion -aII
rregular volcanic surface of basalt,
raeliyt-, k., More or' lcsi broken
uto u'lheavals firomi below, a111l crack.
d and fi-sured in the iprocess of cool.
og. I oenph:l , with bt( fw inter.
aIls, iearly o(ne hu11indIred .qlar
il les. If you can iniagine ai it s tmoth,
olid s'eet if granite, tel niles
11ae and , fie hunr d f ee t thick,
overing resistleai ss mies of giInpow
1er, scaattreI'd at. iiregular iiterVals
inder it ; that these ruines are explo.
led : imulticously, rending t he
v'hole field inrto rc etanigil an' rn asserv,
romn the size of a mn~ttch-box to thait
if aiel hureb, healiing t lice manses hiighi
nl someI places, anid leaiviung deep
:biasmns in, others. Following lie ex.
idoiioni, the whole th-ing in plaiced in
mie of Vaileian' ser'ucib les, and he ated
p to a poinat whenm the whole
Jegins to fuse anid run togethlior, anid
.heni suffered to cool. The rou gh.~
iess of' thle uipper surfa..: remciah's asi
he expjlosioni left it, whi le beolow iri
boney-comibed by thle e raeks and
3revices ecaused by the coiling of' the
melted rock. An Indian can, f'rom
:h top of ore of these stone pyra
nlids, shioot sa mani without exposmig
3ven so mnh as an inch' stquare' of
uisclf. Ile can without undue
iaste lond and shoot a common muz'
Ie-loading rifle tenl times befote a
nion can scramble over theo rocks and
hiasnms between the1 dal~in anid
he slayer. If, lit this idrrible cx.
uense of lif'e, a' force dia1odges himr
reom his cover, lie hcm onliy to driop
lito anid follow so.e subhterranean
;ain anio~ther amgbuish, f'roii wh~oena ii
vili cos;t ten miore li'&a to dislodge
Th'le generali got' i nina r., -gai
mssailesd the l ibert' y of t lie Il'res . In
Washington last week the .policeme
~rd .red to supprhiess lhe asie. of the
~ew York lliralId cont.iin mg a t rav
suty on thle Prie~ident's mnes.age, wr it.
en by D)on l'iat t, edito: of the Waidb.
rtin Capital, and prinitetd in the
erldofte l5mlh of MIarchi. The
flect of the or'dei' w. t to inisure the
ale of the papers at a naore rapid
A negro was put uipon 'he atid as
, witnessP, and the Juidge iinqu~ired if
ic undorstoodl the nature ot' the oath.
'For certain, boss," saidl thie citizen;
'if L swear to a lie, I miust stick to
Farm work is ba'kward in, nuny
parts of the State on account ofa the
reannt. henv rains,
What the South Seeds.
Virows o 1 nON. A. W. DILLARD.
A valt deal of the proporty of the
S mth is Siuteiions. Sne rtoives vast
!Ims oi hier cottol 1an1l hbr sugar,
yet she is no richer for it ;she lays
up n .tre, pr sjtoCi 110 new col
niericial enterpie, ami eretts no f.[e
t0r ies. Real estite, both inl town
a.nd euintrV, is very low, 11nd well
nigh unsaleable. As the South is ll
tunact etelucively an agricultural coun
ti-y, tle low price of real estate con.
elusively demonstrates that her pros
perity is more appaient thani solid.
No doubt imicli of this dipression
in tle priee of real etatt ka attribu
table, to the unteliable charabter- of
the labor which we are foruie io use,
an.d the li!sity whi clh we are undr
of cmaploying two laborers in order to
get the labor of one, yet the funda.
mental cause of thie prescut state of
afairs ujit be looked for elsewhere
thini in our s3 stcm of labor.
It grows out of seveal causes.
Chief amote these is the wait of con
li'lence, Which leads moneyed men to
hoard their money instead of putting
it into atAive cirdulatioii, or invest
ing it ll commercial and wanufactur
Secondly. It. grows out Ul tic a btird
n terifice of ;ridepenlence and coif -rt
to the growith (if cItton and sugar.
Oar cotton and sugar crops aid thfuti
into the lap of tle Northwest, and
we are no richer by the exchange,
miiwc we are strip ped of our money
by I'lnl itag that. which we should miltke.
'I lie downfall of slavery was; in itself,
a prodigious revolution. History,
rull as it is of revolutions and vici.msi
tides, furiishes nothing to parallel
it. It suddenly put au end to tle
ar nietie in which (lie South had
luminbered, and threw her white in
Ibabitanits on their own Iesour'ces ; it
exept away her laLor fsystem and
Coist ered an entirely diffrent one
ulion her ; if it pitchfkrked thb Lite
laves into fireedifi aid citizenship,
it also ievoln tioniz ed lie condition
)f their i tte i. ste, an~d impoaed
nev burdens up1on theim. 'Ihe exi
gency d eila ind., stealy per everenice,
rafheir thaii dashi energy, instead of
iniohnn'a ; *icai'letad rathbi'
than fiery passn11, a ad tat sternest
ail laom'ielieSt of all virtues, econoim y,
instead of the open-handed pruftidou t
of the oldici tiib.
The linit of the g !irnve ditties d .
volved on Ithe v bi te 0uabin oft
the -outhl is to force the Souith into
the inew%- chainel marked out for her
by tlit dowaill of slav ry.
Thi iw elibatulie is a chiage ill the
entire cmi(imercial, igriciitural and
industrial systcmi of the South, so as
to attr..et 1n influx of white popu-i
latiou both from the North and
1 li-ope-to open newV ivelues Of
comiine rCe-develop onur latent re
irees -utilie o fr waste arfid urf
prodnet ive lands; and keep our rnoney
at. home inasteid of enriching the
Northiwest, with it. To effect this
mighty ciui :c We must make trp our
ijinds to the fact that ridV'erf, with
ts c'sto'Us, Yabiti and traditions, is
itone dead, and is incaipable of il sur
reet ion. Lea ving the tiegroes to work
tIut their own destiiiy, we must arouse
the white men of the Sotith to the
Ilccssiy ofpisting tforthl new energy
andl neuviiy iin order to escapei fromnI
cheu ' longht of deIspIond' ' in to iwI hchi the
w-ar preclpt itted us. Th'le negro rued
aever will will be :ophenishied and re-|
:iarcd from thie *4unife'cs of Cenitra
A f. icu ; anid so, mus.it depen~id o'n its
a aturnal incre ate t o keep ny j its presl
ant niumbers, while the whites wiill
.iMll, in oesed by immw ir't ion from
riiope aind the North pi jiovided, we
ise lhe means to attract, peipulat i n.
lile pro ndei ~ranc (iCf thle ne gro raice,
lieu, a ar eat eiit anud temniporary. It
wVill grad ually conitet, itseblf lIt con-r
orinig (0 tioe laws of naturaif ini-t
arease. UOur dutiy t heni is to add ress
>niiselves to thle iask of cutting huotse
Erom the eudtom,% frceedc anatd t'ra d'i
ions of thle p.is.t, andi ad ap9i':cg the
policy of the Routh tio the wvaiits of
lie present, and demnanids of thle fu
:ure. In one wvoid, we need a niew
ommiierciail,-agrietilhur alI and indus
~riah "Jdcpenrtura2" 'air rl thi:hi a
aew political ' 'departure' se'ee;CO
l itica! chiar ges exirt li tile infinlenee
ml the pr-perity of nitions, iiand only
analt o'trtJ' O't flocie whio ie
sor.:'esi ii' ihlie pluhlder, anud iin
aal ling? ill their lanes~ a hail~f I'aiIShil
.!ai';i mcade ternibly vo acibuos by long
dibt th.elite .i from Ithe riebi tiarsels
ioredl in tlie pub hlie ri b' WVhat this
S.i~h ieeics ec;Iage in hetr w~hle~I
~osiaercil,- agrienitural auth iridcs
inI5 ial'tim-which in~vol vEs in i c a
ilabane in lie thbi' s anel aims of her
A shooting affray occurred at this
place on ltast Monda~y, between jDr.
Nathan I lonry and Jbas. II. I rby,1I&.q.
It seems that some1 difliculty bad ei:
isted for somue tilia past between these
gientlemen, the pr-oise natture of
which we ace n)ot eogniiaant. Several
..hlots uwe- tired between thiotwo an
tagor -ts, but we are gratified at be
ing able to state that neither was
bairt, andl no blodd shed.:-Lautens
villc lihs aH.
A FEW PRACTICAL. HINTs TO noiO.Dli
OP FRACTIONAL tUlHkNCY- 11OW T,
REDKKM TORN b1.LS.
Of late there has been general en
uiry regai-dibg the value of nutila
tel currency, and the steps necesar,
it) be taken to effect its redemption
The 1 1 on the sub-ject las beei
changed somuewhat of late, and fo
the beniefit of the counluni1ty; we pub
lish the followdig infornation, whiel
is taken from an oflicial circular o
instruction to the Aisibtaut Treasur
ers of the United States.
Defaced and mutilated fractiona
dnd legal tender notes;caoli equallin4
or bxceeding by face mensuremen
three-fifths ot' its original proportion.
ill one piece, will, if in su. a conditiot
that genuineness can be clearly agcer
tained, be redeemed at the full f'uct
value of' whole notes, in new ones oi
currency, by the treasurer, the sever
al assistant treasurers, and designated
depositoriLis Of the United States
and all national banks designated ai
Fragments constituting less that
three-Iifths of the original note wil]
bb redeemed ouly at the United State
Treasury in WVashi'sgton, under tli<
follbwin g conditions :
FragnIcuts of legal tender notes
and fractional currency, conlstitutinp
less than half df the origittl prdpor
tions df the notes, will be redeomed
:nly when accoipanied by nffidavil
that the missing portions of the notei
Ilave been totally destroyed. Tbc
Afdldavit nust state the cause aid
manner of the mutilation, and the
-haracter of the aliant must bo certi.
lied to be good by a magibtrato oi
>ther pablic oflicor. W hen accompa
iied by satisfavtory proof, such frag.
dloritg will ho red-.eued for full face
'aluo of the noLce of which thby tre
Fraigients, cach lois than one.half',
)ut together purp rting to constituto
note than one-hati of a note, will be
edened odly i ben it shall a ppear,
-ither from the fragmentits theinelves
)r by aflidavit nade in conformity to
he foregoing paragraph, that they
tre actuetally parts of one orginal.
Entire pieces, constituting lialf or
fior6 than half, bdlt less than three
ifths of notos, except when accomipa
nted by an aflidavit made in bonformi.
$ to paragraph 1.
Half notes tsat. fiavd been Vuhided
Vill in no case be redeemed.
Counterfeit notes will be branded
tid ietuiiied. nredeemed frag.
nents less than half will be retained.
Fracti-mal currency boforo being
ei.csentcd for redemption should be
:brted out into different. issues, and the
ssucs resorted into denonminaions,
uild enah puroel should be bound to
:eth-r w ith a trip (if paper and L
'eled in ink with the name of the
Tlatkt f.ung ladies pe# alliga.
Key West indices weekly 472,000
igars, worth $
Governor Hart lind pp'oihtcd some
Jonservativ es to oflice in Second bis
'.f'wo inarriages het'een whiteti and
iegroer deligh'~ted 'he radical popu
ation oif Jacksonnille the piast week.
Ta~l lllhals$Cee hans hadl i't faInt case
(uidor the l eiislative ci vil righits bill.
V neugroi fried to forne his way into a
kat ing rink, was ejecteCd, andit birought
uit against the proprietor. Decision
ii fauvor o'f dot~end~i'zd.
T) isa ppoi nted offlitue-seekeris n'.iung
d ti dr feel ings by firing I wen'ty-Iive
bots into the houses of Jludgei folt,
lheriff Keene,' Clerk of Court Wal1d
(on, and Cotmnty Commissioaer Lu
her, at Lake City.
Out krm'y EipelustEr
rn tihe course o'f the debato' i'iit'lo
;enato a few days ago upon the Army
ippropriation Bill, there was some
taieremti'ng di'scussion in referenco to
le cost of maintaining our army, as
omnpared with that of England.
'emsatdr das~serly charged that the
rmny was to'o expensive; that it cost
bhut $1,000 per uman, and that while
lhe Iinited Staates Armay of between
09,00'0 and~ 30,000 ment cost accord
lag to the a ppropriat ions in the Hill,
,etweaen twenrty-ani and thirty mail
ionsR of dollanrs, t he British army of
100,000 men'f cost but seventy rmii
ions of dollars, which was an avera go
,f only $:233 per muan. In other
ords, Enagland supported four aol
liers for what it vest, th'o Uinited
4Lates to support oni.'.
Under Ithe heoad of "An Out rage,"
thme Salisbury (N C.) Watehman
mfysl teu or ftet.eii ze~sns of Union
sounty, wed dragged from their
omes and tnh'en to Salisbury to lie
~ried for t'~hling a negr'o thlat if lhe
roted agenimit one of the parties in
~erpst, bd should not remain on hit
A'p'atont med icin'A dvertiied'a's ar
infallible cnre' for the' opium hAbit
baa lately been analyzed and found t<
consist of morphine dissolvedi in col
An Incident of the hate Wei.
s And now a short lh'eident of thd
late war, which n:ay, we think, bd
classed as a local dot. During Long:
street's campaign in Tennosseei'whifd
a portion of his army was under a
fearful fire of shells from the onemyj
at Campbell's Station, a private sol
dier, within a few fet of the colonel
r of his regiment, had both his log.
torn of. The regiment was not fight
itg,but waiing orders. Thb wound
ed uan was lifted a 6ouple of yardi
. in rear, to die. Another private now
marched down the line under a hail
of missiles, and said to the command.
ing oficer, "Colonel, may I have a
few monents of prayer with that dy.
ing man ?" The Colonel said, ''ard
you a plergymann) I" Tihe private an
swered, 41 an." "Then," said the
Colonel, "do as you desire." A nid
the mal of Godfkuolt and prayed with
and for thb dying man five or ten
niinutds, without moving or swaying
his body, seemingly totally uncon
scious of a storm of shot and shelli
which; the (Ioloriel tells us, ho never
saw surpassed in fury. In a few days;
the praying private was announced in
field orders as chaplain of the regi
melit--''promdtod for gallantry and
piety on tho field." Tho regiment
was the Hampton Legion. Tho Colo
nel was Gary. Tihe privato soldier
was the Rev. AW. IM. Thomllas, now
pastor of the Mothodist churches of
oltr circuit.-Ic l Adrcrtiser.
The icleest Yet.
Some gentle mcien were talking about
meanness, when one said lie know a
I-an ont Lexington avenue who wag
the meanest tuan in New York.
"low mean is that I" asked a
"Why, lie is so mean that lie keepd
a five-cent piece, wili a string tied td
it, to give to beggamrs, and, when their.
bio': are turned lie jerks it out of
their pockets !''
"Why, this Ian Is so mean," con4
tilued the geit.loman, that he gave
his chii rel ten encts a piece thd
night befoi-b the lourth of Jluly, but
during the night when they were
asleep, lie went up stairs, took the
money out of their, clotlhes, and thed
whipped them in the morning for los
"Duoes lie do anything else ?'
"Yes, the other day I dind with him
and I uotioed the poor little servant
girl whistled gaily all the way up
stairs with the dessert, and when I
asked my gentrotth frieta what made
lier whistld so happily, he said
Why, I keep her whistling so Fhm
can't eat the raisins out of tho cake."
The unal disgraceful senes of a
closing sesion were witnessed in tihe
National Capital yesterday and last
evening. Diisgraceful, not merely or.
mainly bocause of the confusion and
disorder which prevailed, but
because of the nanner in which im.
poit ant bills and wrkbed jobs *ore
aliko rushed through tWe 4egislativ'
mill. fA thi-o no bold reformer in
either houso who willI, at the begin
ning of the next sossion, move a reso.
lution for the prevention of this ter.
rible accumulation of business during
the closing htours of Cob'gress 1 The
whole press of the cuntry, and every.
irtelligent citizen, would sustain any
member in such a pati'iotio effort.
As it is nowj tho' wurI2 of weeks is.
conicenitrated mn thi6 ]'aif, two diays of
the sessioil', and good, measures and
bad, absolutely nece's .ry appropria.
tionis and unusitigatedl "steal,'' are
altke fmif thiro"g'h at lightning speed,
withont the sli'ghtest chance for de
bate o, even for examination. Sure..
hy it is not necessary that this state of
things should continue, and that all
manner of fraudulent schemes shiould
be afforded such a chtance of escap.
ipg detection and dofeat.-A. Y.
Evenc sing Post..
P'resident Grat and usi Cabinet.
The only fdoutheorn ,Representative'
in General Grant's Cabinet is Mr.
Creswell, of Maryland, Postmaster..
General As usual, when a President'
is re-elected, the old Cabinet will be'
retained. There will be some chang
es, and for these positi'ons thif rea
sure is for the prart at the 'ddtlg t'
havo its fair propo1ytion. Presde:N'
Grant is the head of lie fepultican
rparty, anid of course his Cabinet will
bi composedl entirely of Republieanu.
Lt is reported that the name ofo
Sornatoi-Sav/yewof thif date ik io
~ing foritally dorsiderede Altejv a
survey of the various Roprblibany at
the South, we knhow of DO niame w'bih
would prove more acceptable, an&
erttinly no one who would be tnoro
efjlent ar'd reliab~b in~ tht" disohtargo
of. the dutties of the l;ostio.-cA .
A ,ious' ihivalid went to church'
last Sabbath for the first tinme for sv
oral mnonthr-, '- Ud you not enjoy the'
sermon ?"' said her husband thtanfut
'to see h 4' iih ,his pe w again. "E~njoy,
it; Lguesh I did, immensely, t ililI
looked at the lady in tile front seat,
antd a'll at once I was unhappy, fory
would you believe it, my back bait'
wasn't up high enough."
- Orangeburg is to have a shin&4A