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*Desportos & Williams, Proprietorsi] A ramily Paper; E1dvo~td to Science, Ar4 t; iv Inuty andLtrtr~[em--3O c nuI dao
VOL., V1111.1 WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORIdAPI2,8T.NO4
11% 11 P l'Ilitl H D W l:KIY IlY
DESPORTE~ S & VA O4MS,
Tn111s. -TIts lI RAJ.1 iS pulliAled Week
in the Town of win'usboro, at S3.00 in
t wrialy in advanes.
ajr All transient adiertisemeants to o
aid in tdvance..
Obituary Noticer.s and Tributes $1 00 per
a ~ iENI' 14.r8.
Tie rollowiig linles were written ',y t!a.I
brave old e oi-mer ill New El."1.13ind
poet, Iev. J.11hn l'i'i porit. '3.tey ! il e
wartt remembering at. Ile prea.' s.it .
For 8o ntch gil. we license thee
So wsys - ilans. A lralt it .ell
That, h ws Lthe mt rong, n:.,have% tilhe f'ree,
Aid opens wie o tle gae Ot' hll.
)o r '-iublic good" reinires Hih sme
8.iould live, inou uniny tle by rum.
ociv-, ftihers, while tlie foes
'f).hisn destrofror seize their swor.ls,
Anal heaven's own hail i il the bows
Thily're d el ljn ,i ye euit le cor d
fThat roun1 he rainlg field bhey draw,
A l'er him iold your bield oif Iw
Aid Gill io, give to in a bill
DivorCong !111n f ikomh venl's hligh swaly.
And while God s:,iys, ''Thoui shalt not kill,
ady YO. foi gold; ye may, ye inug ?
1ontillive the b.,<y with thi Soul,
Co pare t e bullet, oih thie boWl!
In whi h is felt u ht fIerehiia blat
Oit to detroytilng ag l's breati ?
hI' ch biltnd t it-, vi itak thie n->re ft st,
Whicb killno 1.oi with i fleadlior deAt
Will ye nthe felon frx restrain
And yet, tike ufti tle e' h i
The living to lie ro ling land,
The Clod coeininylog riuscan tied'
Till by tht - wily, or- oil his bed,
The poor corpe-carrier drippeii and died.
Iahel band to h11a11 anl NC tce o fa coe,
u i'atal anid in loathed emi race.
Le ss, cutting, think ye, is the throng
rTiat th a rielatig corpa e for lio
Lashes inr torture, loathed and long,
The linkard's child, the drunkard's
TO clasp that chy, to rate ihat breath,
And ero escapie-ol ! that is death !
Are ye noit fatler:? ? When your sons
Look to you f'o iheir <daily brearl,
Dae Ye inll ongCky 1oad ithlo andecs
The i.ible i t .L' tho m ye Spread -?
-ion ye ht. yofr psons will live
It ye ft~r ti.,sh al ,serpenl give?
t holy r Co-]l! t ile light diviiin
lreik arth d more troaduy froi n ab-e,
Till we otidorli otr laws to thihe,
. The perfect law of th re i aton love.
or tfth ate i us lve oie can save
Thy chibilreni fion a hopeless grav6.
The following report of the omil
initteo of Ihysiians Is pubished by
brder of Couecla for the infdrnation
of lo publice
o The following proareplo and preo
lutions- were adopted by the Town
Council of W dinnsboro :
"Whereas, It i tne popular belief
that the health of perons living in
the woutern ptkeon of Winsboro is
~ iijuriously atl eU' during flib gumi
mer and fall seaos, ta atid that chills
and fever arc etse'd.by the mill-pond
lying on thisi side of the town. There
fore resolved by theTow n Cdunil, that
L connittoe of Physicians be request
od to give in writing to thie Uounei!
their opinion as to the causes and
means neceary for te provention
rlf the bicevsryphisiA in the tr tiona.
'. Ible dicauses o disa re a in h otheri
partio of the town ade fltepi
ofauhcu and sethtat Drs a.nd
Robeirtcsn, iClak an T. late Mad
clde manyueto witr diease sid asm
dToh qution perhp moiwhetisr tm
oeter otio pof the oa ise mof
uhealth thsane thet rste nrsti nae
-referetttad tot b oiliut e:iTha
facets is o rly admittedandcn etonb
ratd ab evry lisica ntew
The. disatht aproy1tai if thiar
.tpar ofth rtowniae dhfy (10termit
hae ntlai and osrtitot faner and
teiryconerqinces. Theo late in
droprytandt perhi s mpoaeigti, mand
others ext alspotd eve whore nof
hio to d soes thatet, dhring name
--liermit andlfll biou rttano
devers is niws geelt indmited o,
hie o daaisaseo it hatqirs aeain
atountply moneaair, and tis sp
sposed to exinerte wherever thr
ios solroat ofa tai tfequeraturi,
imoisturs and tehayit whoveweabinda
iterIat man bilsNeif reosetare
fher pnyreiie, why look wo snot
theve msoariaaes o ota ayand
Nvrwhr in ouaereretio the con
ritattoe eit amost fryuwhfrl iour
iu t miepon earcti the wevolu
amoder of tc on.Wrtion ats ii
intermia nd asno bioe rmant
tensive low ground, subject to fre
quent inundations. The rain fal
upon several hundred acres of lan
flows Into this pond, bringing with i
of, course, a great amourgt of dooayisl
vegeteblo iiiafei, not visible, but i
a st~to of solution, or infusion to b
spread over and deposited upon th
Surfge9 of tihe ground. and in a few dayF
by the subsidenco of the water, to I
exposed to the rays of the sun. Tbi
ropeated at every heavy rain, mus
produce a concentrated soUrce of ine
larit. It may be asked again, why i
io that tlain. portion of the to-.n ha
b 0ca. nhalthy Onl y of hte -,e
wher.n ,h li i ~O pond has oi.
ite:, i0.r t:nuy r ears;. The reply i
that it w--, fo. um~ Iy a ptond, niow it i
undttI ":-. F d are not fruitfq
sources of i&k 11,ia o lon 6 they .r
potids, anid are oonparativoly in
noxious; as it is only aro.und thei
miargins that (Joc ying vegetable inat
ter is exposed to :hte solar heat. Man;
portions of the coutry have booiU
subject to ijalfi'iou, dieaE's tha
N6re formerly oxempt. ''1o eiaso
is, that what were originally narroy
ravines where water would flow ol
,apidly, have, by tile washing in g
sand, mud and vegetable debris, bp
conio broad lowgrounds, subject 6
frequent inundations and deposityaimt
.,ubsequent exposure to the rays of th
hun. While such sources of mialari;
1exiht we may look for the natural re
suits. That this pond is a focus o
malarin; is proven by the fact tha
the inhabitants suffer almost in ex ic
proportioli tp their proximity to lt
pond; ai tle direction in which the;
happeh to rside from it. The sum
mer breefes pre'valI gourally froe
the est "il 1 bb 6 odth-west; an<
would cary te ema ations froths an
point toward; lh b-W andnohi'-east
and it is jst in tipse localities w
find the fevers and thir consequence
most prevoiling. 1jurihg the U
mer of 1871, a cotipany of U ' v
Alry camped in the forest ncdr 04
pond. This company donsisted o
about 90 won, not more than obofiftl
escaped malarial fever. They., wer
healthy when they arrived here. ,fl
1805, a regiment of U. S. Infdntri
camped in the same place and suftre(
so much fromn the same disease tha
they removed to the woods then it
rear of the College and becai
Now for the remedy-if the abov<
premises be correct, the remedy na
turally suggests itself. The rainfal
eanitiot be pievented, tile decompodi
tion of vegetable matter cannot b
prevented, but their accumulatio
and retention in a certain locality
miay be ftretented, and to this mus
d,tir citiieii look for redemption
A thorough 'and detLp draining o
this Ptond; or rather, this lowground
it is believed nodld be the means an<
the only means of restoring the for
mer good health 0f this afflicted por
tion of our towil. This could b
easily dolie by the dbAlru'tion of th
dani, and Uy no other means that th
Cnimittee ban sitgge re re
moval dr the. ddm It is be liove'd wbul
be algae suflicient to cause a thoroug1
dIaining of the grounds by the wash
ing out of a deep channel, and thu
prevedt their frequent floodings:
'the tOoiimitteo believe tiley Iiab
Indieated thE. trdb b aose of the Uin
health itieas of ile western pohtiba o
the tonn, and also de remedy. It I
for the niiorittes to act. If an
thing is done, of edurab It ' will b
done in Ii manner not to oonllier, wit1
private inter sts. It is beliefed tha
this ~ortion of the town aan 136 mtd
as healthv r.s the re.4t, which wvil
cc C y in u'mate,~ :0i I 11 t(Ie val
1;.th property in~ thin locality al
As the gerai hiealth ofi the towm
w:,pod wi the esee'~ptioan of miatia
rial d iseaser,, it. would Lr-e ~~!)unneensa~
ryto speak of' other caIm~ui of disease
ilut it is not ammiss to say that somn
of the jaids anid Ilots are ini a condi
tion that wouldl not. he0 conidelred saf
inl a mnore rol'wdedl town or city, di
that our exemption from some die
seasos is due to the natural free ten
tilation of a thinly settled town
But, this elemwptionl may not alway
continue. ''horo are sometimes sea
sons of protracted calm, wheon the at
mostptiere itself as it acorns almost be
cotnes stagliant-it such times th
abcumlulatioii of filth and gar bag
abou't many promises mnight be su ff
cient to proidoee ierloiis diseases, sue
as ty phoid~fever; dysentery, diarrhoes
cholera nof-bus, cholera inphantuxna
e to. A s thoso dcai'est th'e un who'lesop'.
deposits are moat apt to suffer, it be
hooves all to guard themselfes by
thlorough cloansinig of thecir own p~em
ses and babjitatlons, and tile use of dii
infectants when necessary, ep ch
sulphaie of iron (coperas) a'n d ca:
bolie acid and the chloride of lim
Some havE fearg that tIle stori'n
of fertilbzers in the town may be fr1
jud icial to the hxeaih-(although son'
of them are v'ery disagreeable, sufi
ciontly so it would seem as to mal
good citizens feel that they li'ave ni
a right to force soch a nuisan'de upt
the their unoffending fellow citi'zens
yet it iis not proven by experieni
that they are unwholeesome. Indoi
some o so far as to say they are e
-disinfenits. Be this as it
I many would prefer the risk of di6
I eases to the disinfectiit.
t The Committee, its the very imper.
feot. discheirgo of this duty, feel that
1 they hsve no cause of complaint at
a the task imposed ubion them, regard
8 ing it as the duty bf every phystoiiat
', to aid ly his counsel and advice in
1 the sanitary condition of his towin ahd
S County, without awaiting the action
t of our Town Councils and B]oaeds bf
- H.alt~h. All of which is respectfully
4 T. T. ROBERTSON M. D.,
, 13. ADIA[)l'N M. U.
C. Cf AlK M. D.
'Jlrin Carolina Ncw3.
It i. Irir.posol to build a cotton
warehouse il Raleigh.
Three candidates are already in
the field for mayor of Charlotte.
At Bladen Superior Court, held
I-nst week, there were 120 oriminal
+ie eh1Ct-fe p 0t have taken
Place next. wcefi at \vilmington has
been indeu.itely postponed.
f iis dischiirgo of fire arms in the
streets of \Vilmington is makiNg it
> hazardous to live in soue localities.
S. R. he'll of Wil iinton; wos at
tacked by 1hree highwdny robbers,
Tuesday night, and iought re!'uge iii
r the house of a friend.
tfThe Wilmington Jour'nal notc s the
a fact that there are large qiantities
of goods bcing forwarded South via
that eil, an increase En tormer years.
A niovement is on foot td crect a
cotton factory at Abbottsburg, in
laden county; on the line of the
Xilulngton, Charlotte and Ruther
ford Railroad. Tke capital stock is
to be placed at $150,000.
Ma'or David's saw mill; on the line
9f the Ohattiam Rdilroad, blew up on
Friday. The engineer was danger.
ously wounded; and Mr. William
towd, brother "f the p roprietor,
slightly. Thie mill is a total wreek.
. A uamlit' of ore from the King's
liounltaii gold iiiinie was asaybd at
lthe Utiiteil, tite.i branch niint Char.
nltte oliih 19th. The gold. brick
w.ighed 71 ounces, and was valued at
It was foriarde9 hI t night
by express; to Philadep,hia for coin.
age. The vein fro'ni which it was
taken is yieldihg abundantly.
The [lalifa:1 and Scotland Neck
Railroad is to be built at an early
A member of the artillery comujiny
t stationed at Charlotte died on duri
There is a prospect of establishing
a cotton factory in Raleigh upon the
joint stock company plan.
Wm. Roach a noted burglar, has
been delivered by the Governor of
North Carolina to the Governor of
- A life insurance company, known
as the Old North State Life hnsu
raho Company, has been establislh
ili.ed at Warrenton.
'ihe dow postoflice at Rilcigh, do.
aigned by Architect Mullett, will be
105 feet iU length and 60 feet dee p,
and somnething after the style of the
a pitol in Row Jersey..
Wilmningtoii star iThore was ani
old man in thfii Eity yesterdlay giving
ing his name as William ,Whitaker,
who says he ib'ught iinder WVellington
SIin the brttle df Wsterlod. He was on
his way fr~un Cfiarleldfi to Rieht
This wllvow and estimuable g.n
tcmarn died yestrerdiay muorning, at
hiL; resiJence, No. 9 ollege street,
after a b'rief illness, at, tlea vanced
.age of sevenuty-eilt jeaN. lie was
pi'acticed iediiile hiere for a ln
Itieanwath aufgeon of' the uit:
er ot N'Iessi-s:. . Rt. and H. Hoyles.
.ton, of the wellknown dry goods firm
of Crane, flojleston & bo. .Just
about one year ago, he celbrated the
fiftieth or "golden" anniversary of
.his wedding day. Mrs. IUoylston'
s uriives himn.--Ch'aj. Mti
Death of a Noted Sofft tXrirolinlin.
"The Immnortal No" is dead. Hon.
Joseph Powell died at GUreeiville,
'ienn., lately, after an evontrll life,
and one act in it entitles hinm to aiiuip.
reortality of famue. He ser~ed in tie
SotiCrohina Leglslsturo, and was
tepnily mian who voted "No" at a
public meeting that passed the nulli:
fleation resolutions. A goddheaded
cane was presented to him inscribed
"'dThe ?immp'rtal "No." During the
rel'>611io'n b'd served inf B1urtiaide's
g 'rmy, anil was imprisoned at Rtieh
mond.-Cle el d (0his) Bad.ek.
e '1the flartfora Churchman says:
'"Ameriban litieratuie~i's at present
e sunfering sadly f'rom thie lack of intel
at ligent and independent criticisnm, and
D henoo our book shelves groan under
) the weight of trash."
d Expensive jewelry - Legislative
ITS iltoiilAIi: .E i STItoCTIN- ybTI-nIt!
OUs CilANGis RECENTLY OiSKnVEL.
Mr. J. Parry McCluer, of Rock.
bridge couuty rites to the COllegiac
published at Lexig lon, Va , an
organ of WaUhingtou-L:e Uiiveurity,
calling attention to 8)a huIe'ont
striking changes that h ve taken
)lee)in tIe !rih of the Natural
Bridge.1 Mr. McCluor .sys
LNt '.uesda-y evnQuing as I war
returnin-vith Mr'. Plogue, of thi
pJace froinm a viit to a friend on tho
other bide of tho bridge, I observed,
upon glaiciig over in o the cha"nm, 41
vapor i.suing frori drevices in thei
western 8ide f the brid and do
ieeted at peculiar odor in ile atmaois.
phere. Mr. Poague, upon having hi
attention directed to the tmitter, was
positive that he could detect somic
thing of the sort himself. We were
at a total loss to cobjecture the cause
of this unwonted
Di.TUiBANCE IN TIMS CIIAS'.. IOV.
Upon returning home and inform.
ing our friend of what we hid noen,
we wert: informed that our v-ptor was
a mere iist and if we had inelt any
thing unpilileasant it must have been H
polcat, for these animals are most
plentiful in that locality. But hav
ing occasion to ride over to the bi ldge
early this morning, I found thiigs in
a in at sadly excited cendaibi u ; for
about a ixiile before arriving at the
hotel I thought I could discern in
that neighborhood hidavy clouds (it
smuoke ha uging intenrely black. all
arouiid that part of the hori:..m. As I
neared the Ikot the smoik' became
denser alid blickei- and when i got to
the hotel I found
VEkiRrIlNG IN Ti.' WIiL.DiT COXU
The negroes who occupy the desert..
ed premises near the bridge, on tlte
brow of the liffi, hiad moved down to
twe hotel, so great wall their terror,
and every one was inaking ready-to
depart at once. From below the
bridge jiolumes of de.p black smoke
were rolliii Continually, except when
interriltod by jots of bright faue
whih h occasiounily flared up to a
great, heght: The surfac - of the
grounid is warm for some ditance
around, and is.-tenming" very visibly.
The peculiar smell I noticed on Sun
day last is now plainly perceptible to
all. The rock on the western side
of tho bridge has been cracked 6y
the heat, and large nasses .havc fal
len. into Ced.ir creek. A. yet the
arch, da well iai can be seen in the
interfals betwcen the volumes of
smo'ke, is intact. occsionally, how..
ever, we could distingush the
CRASHINO SoUND OF A Boui.Drrl
as it dashee into the water bejow.
The no roes say that the iirA intimd
tionl they had (of anlythling of the
kind was last night about 9 or 16
o'eviek. A boy walking across the
brmdge was frightuned by a bright
light shooting fron',the' hide of the
bridge. He fled in terro:'-, and arous
ed the rest of the inmediate neigh
borhood. Every one was almost pet.
rified with terrors I han' just reach
ed here from the bridge. I shall re
turn as soon .aq I oan gut ar.other
hbrse. Everyl hin here is about to
start for the bridge. [f you will lay
this statement beforb Professor Camp
bell of our geological dkpartnens, lie
can doubtless, fin his .itend~d no
quiaintaunce with the geology of our
country, throw liglit, upon the caauses
of this extrtaordinai.,y phraomenon,
Can it be due to eleotricity 7"
Professor bampbell,' of the Ui
versity, to whose attent~on theee phei
nomenas were called, dIoes not take
cjuito so seriotus a vieir of them, and
"I am inelinesd to consider the
oause of this to be a great chemical
action, and dlo not lean towardo at.
trihuting it as auiggestedl by MIr,
ilcCluer, to the acotioin of elettrici.
The . roinantic story of the brig
Mary Cieete, found at sea under sail
and desecrteil, is now robbedl of ita
innb'eent efiarm by a Now York dlis.
ffateli whie t anys.: It is usserted that
thne brig Nhairy Celeste, found at. sea1
was bonded at Hlost,on for ,2,(000,pn
was, insuired thore for $14,000. I
believed at the ('ustom Houtse thiI
her desertion at sea wias o job to d'.
fraud the insurance companies.
krtest of tiln.auralice Agel't.
,. Erastus Lyman, ex -president of th<
Ikniekerboeker ifo. Insurance Com.
fany, has been sugd byLtpe oinpany~
to' recover about $20),000, alleged L<
hrave ,enlost by the company o,
accounit o'f unauthoris.ed contract
made by. hiiji with irrespoji.ible per
sons. Mr. Ly madti was taken iaa ens
todd ubiler ati ord~er of arkest issile
by tha Court of Common Pleas, ant
gave $l5,000' bail.
Wbioh of our extravagant ladies i
tdhese boasted times ever gave her lov
er, as Oleopatra did, a pearl dissolvoe
in vinegar (or undissolved) wort
A M~aine dinner for nine oost 3
eonts,or four cents and a mill pa
IVoW a Spirit Bidc das Got Up.
The high-toihed Spiritualists of Ne
York have btei con1siderably alinoye
of late by one Gordon, who has give
exhibitions of h very aperiatur:
chiar.actbr, fol tiy. conuilered Lim
"quack;"' and not up to the right k ii.
of snaiIf. Accof-dingly,. some bl
"true blues" ritided his bhop lt.,
Wedneaduy, potuiAed on him whil
he was doing his pre t tiest in showinl
deceased r'latives, &e., iiud seize
his stock in trado, which cnsisted a
an assortment of wax faces and mash.
Oi Sunday these trophios were showi
at a d4iritualist meeting it Apoll
11ll, and one of them attracted muC
attention. it' was the head of a vor
beautiful woman, bolack eyes, dimple.
peachy cheeks and all, as the ma
who had it in ohirgo moved towar
tho stage, showing the head tand
beckoning arm above her cloak, ther
was a commotion, which turned t
cries of indignation as he flunig th
figure on the pLtform, where the au
dionce could see that with a iner
bundle of rags and a wax face Gordo
had been fouling a numtier of people
Ile called it his "spirit bride."
Shell In the Radical Camp.
Tile Rock Hill Lantern is author
ized to announce a niw work in prepa
ration for the prcs, under the abov
title. It will be published in fou
volijimes, and will Contain, says th
author, "a truthful public and privat
history of the Republican party a
Sou-6h Carolina sineo reconstruction
including the lasp Legislature. Be
ginning with the league, it wil' dis
olose 'the corruptions of the party
give the secret history aid manage
Went of the camnpairi of 1870, ani
show up the military and persona en
gaged in procut ing the suspension o
the writ of habeas corpus ; and wil
furnish biographic sketches of le .1
ing 6hare 11ers, the part they played
and how t hey pla3 ed it. The firs
volume will be devoted to move
ients in York ,Qo.inty."
A Novel Law Suit.
The Savannah Advertiser says:
Bridegrooms, poor fellows, have :
bard time at the best, and they ar<
always to be pitied even in the heigh
of their bliss. But Savannrh has on1
who is peculiarly unfortunmate. 11
wis r ecently joined in matrimony, an<
prpf'ercd the rabbi $10 as his fee foi
officiating. Tile latter had the law
Oi his bide; it seems, and insiste<
up!on tlhe payment of double tha
'in-o r.. .-. hi~idogrooini refused
. duiA.lni, auiA hence a law suit
which was decided by one of our jus
tices, yqst*rdaj, in tavir of the com
It won't do to -b nizgrrdl' abou
these matters, Messieurs, Bride
grooms, and it is always best to bt
liberal with the one who joins yo
together in the bonds of wedlock.
A Tofgh Story.
The Greeley Tzibuue says.; "Ur
Graham recently found a petriie<
frog iq excavating a well. Its fea
tures wie're wonderfully well preserv
ed, and the owner intended to pres
ent it to the Greeley Geologica
Cabinet; but one day the boys sihat
serod it with a hitch ett~ and to thei
utter stir rise, ,an old Aztec coil
d ropped out. The dato canniot ls
deciphered, but, the figure of a head i
plainly visible.'' Now, there
nothinig dificeult in tihe telling of'se
a story as that, and inhere is no reaso;
why some new England newspaphe
man shouldr.'t have had the fira
It is reported that Judge TI. Hi
Cooke, of the Eighth Judicial Cim
cuit,.is closingr up all the bar rooms 1
A nderson, ocondo and G reenvillI
Counties, which do niot .cor.form t
what is known~ as the Tu pper law
TJhais is ft law wivitih has renmined o
the statto boskp of the State fo
many years, but L'ali been prmacticatll
a dead l.etter, for it was never exceu
ted. It. provides that no one sial
koek a. har oleejft bo hast a certai
nuimber of bcds ond accoumodatioit
for hori~s-in sihort, unless he keel
an inn. Judge Cooke, it is said, is
norea licenses issuedl by town or cit
corporations, and holds each venrd ert
an account under tihe Tupper law.
A PhmiladelphiA doctor a~Joune<
that we are approc:hin'g a poestilenti i
periodl. ,From 1830 to 185 Jupite
Satrii, Uranus and Neptune wi
come nearer the earth than they hia
bc~n for' eighteen hundlred year
Thie res~ilt ill beo, aq the Doctor saia
it has been before, that we shallhiw
all manner of un~pleasantnress-pilagn
famine, andl awfully hot and eco:
weathIer. TIhis is a terriblo predie
imenlt to get into. IHow wvill the glu
tons, tobacco users und tight 1,ace
The Maine papers are evidoently yr
yoking a fair for "smart women.I
3 The latest, boast in thlis line is thiu
Mrs. Jerry Blaisdell, of East. De
mark, recently spun a lot of we
rolls,died and wove them into Sto
t oloth, and out and made thereof
a pair of pantaloons for her husbar
a all of whidh she accomplished, unal
.ed. in 36 hours.
Oo hundied and fifty years ago
if i.ny on1o had dared to ,ann'3unce the
(>osibility of crossing t60 (Oeal in a
vcb.l 6Iri% en bGy,?am, or of carria te
being Oh ivi d at the rate of thirty
m i ls an hour by this 8ato0 agent ; or
4.1 dalgue ro oty jpi og tlro butisanl fGce on
a met ll ic .blate by thle light of the
huu an4 then chemically fixing it
there, or of coiveyi g news by elee
Li ic agency for hundreds of miles, and
csl)nially under the ocean, such pie.
dictioms would have been considered
simlJAy riliouilous. Ani .*uiiv wbeu
Cien[I Ce ahouncs thnat it is posaible
to control the oleun.ents, to cause it tu
rain or i^aino at pleamire, and that
it is vossiible to draw from the
earth's hidden tteasufe new ro
sourees of utitld wealth, impait
igg the greatest laippiness and bene.
hits' to the hitillati race, it is still
viowed with Inreedulity by the
manies. But afew years since, petro.
laum wa1 flist utihned to our benefit.
There doubtless was a time when a
mau never drezmde of wtruing hin
self by artiflcial heat. ior des tihe
savage did iot know that tlio ppssi
bility of heat eiisted in the trees
under whose Ahelter ho lay. Ile
pulled up wild toots, tickcd wild
fruits, swallowed thi ravi o sters and
mussels ; he wander'd, naked along
the beach. A cave by lio river or sea
side, or a holler tree served him for
a abelter. Many generations passed
beto.re he learned to muako a fire ; by
slow steps ho passed friom the rtide
tents, huts and cabins, to comfortable
houses and stately mansions with
h.iting apparatus by 1haich winter is
shorn of ita vigor.
ifedt. iacrcases abotit.one degree to
every fifty feet w6 penetrate the
earth ; shaItfts Are now sometimes stik
to a depth of 2,000 feet. It is wituin
tihe posi.,iibility of mechanisnm to bore
4,000 f<et more ; at that dei~pf we
should find a heat of at lcna one hun
dred and fifty degrees, and in many
places even greatc-., han this. Mu.
chanical power could. be obinined
fi-on the steam and water foreed up
from this depth. *[eated wdter and
iteam from these coild be cirri d
into our houses ard warm our dwell
ings to a summer temperature. Con.
ducted in pipes under the soil pro
tected by glass we could choaply grow
in New England, all of the southern
and tropical plants and vegetables,
The snow could be Jept melted from
ithe streets of New .ork, and ail the
huiling- warn'd from this spontane
ois flow usefuil alU for cooking and
. Th4 Garden e'f Plants n Paris
fionted by water fi-om sn artesian
wyll igtieeti huuidrod. feet deep,
Mith a temperature of 82 dog. Fah.,
is carried in pipes under the soil.
A salad garden at Erfurt, in Saxony,
is heated in tho same .manner, is said
to have 3lelded $60,000 a year to
the proprictor.-Scienti/ic American.
Judge Cooke, at the late term of
the Court of doneral Session, at nal.
hal1la, charged the grand jury, in sub.
itance as follows in regard to tavern
This sysiii is, ~ iibrally 1hbused.
Every perspn licensed to sell liqunor
by tihe dIrink must lie ii tavern keeper ;
ho moust keep stabbang and provender
for four horses, and aut least two spare
bedls f'or guestit. TPha liquor room
must be tuder the same rootf with the
r'l.eepinag and horisehold .department.
I lo must file his bond with the Clerk
of the County, acoording to law. lie
saxid there wverb violations of this law
in' his dircuity ard h oirge~ the.granid
jury that it w.as their sworn duty to
jpresent any chr5e oomirng within their
knowledge, wllero thie law was not
Judge Townsend, if wo renioember
correctly, charged our grand jury to
about tbe saie effect, at the last
terma of' our court. And we ilso re.
member, or think we Jo; timat the~
samno grand fidry presented certain
pairties who hagd licenses, but who, it
waa'charged; ha'd ifot, comid vdoib
the udfdiis ppo inh paid liej
r~swere granted., AiI~persons doinig
businessS in anly CUiIc st,yle hIad beitter
Iput their houses in order, or get reaidy
to stand fbomu under. - M~adibors
A Deathl Dlram.
Asila r denath-bed hncident,
which Robert Da.le Owen shhuld noi
lose sight oh, oecurredl lately in tautor
Ohio. On lhe I14th M r. Joseph .Deens
who wvas lyinag in an uconscious stat
suddenly revived and said to hi
son, who wvas standing noar , him
'General Quiinn,". another ciizn of
10Ltfo; "is dead.'' As that gentle
tinan was in) perect, health A.s far a:
as knowni to~ the famiily,.it was P9ip
posed that the dying man had beet
dreaming,,tintil some one came inti
the roomh with tiie announceml.nt tha
General Quinn~ had just died ver,
suddenly. ifow to account for th<
ieurious knowledge given, will puzzl<
the least visionary.
M'en talk abouit the idle win,bt'
the wind is :,w ays busy, atd like
cheerful farmer, whistlcs ati
IV It is of gre at imporance to draw
j tliC atteitiln of ourI1 pl in t u. I's to a ly.
t.hing that will hep! ? out the scareit v
I felt by thii, as tvr, ot~her colilnuni.
ty ill the "cotton danus belt," of
:. wagoI loaded vidt " ston
t *lay'' was Smeon in illr strcet3 the
e other day, about to be haulel over
ef ifid through tlie ijiI.d.Iles that lio
I bet,.ween this and tie Ln,.fita,ter line.
f The hest -ubstituto for goqd, well.,
, cured forage, is to be lii flud in tho
"Lgyptian or C.t-T'ai I\iiletA" (for
tiere are tU k1i , a.14 ..a11111 s0t, that
I does not answer,) which has long been
'lanted in 1lis nie iigh orhiood by a
,ood many, but is still not near io
iwe knowna and appreciated as it
CThe advant.w s of indilet over every
other greell crop t!at caln be plantod
at this seasou a; a foraCe for animal,
is that its astr i igeecy prevents
scouring ; by u,ing salt freely, ain
wilting it a few Ihours ini the sun
a they will do well el it inl the hottest
You can cut: it sooner than any
other green crop plaraed in the
spring, and oil can ut. it oftener and
later. One-eiglth of an acre properly
prepared-hatI is, made very rich
(there is no use to plaft it in poor
r land)--wi upliy fully iix work
anliimals-hldf a peek of seed will
plant this aid leave iome to spare.
Plant it in threo f'et rows so it
canl be ploughed-as you cut over it,
clean out the grass, and two or threo
times during t J se,:onn give it a top
dres'.ing of stable m.uire. it cal bo
planted inl A pril, as soon as thu
danger if frost is over, at d cut early
ill May. Cut it whe n hu ce high, in'a
it can be cut every twclve or fifteen
The first Cuttling should be mado
as soon as it can well be got hold of,
Cight or tenl inches high, ,.s it oily be
gins to grow after it is oneo cut.
Sow it freely ill the drill and thin
out tou twvelvo inches3. It does not runi
up to stem and joint so EOOn, if left
rather thick, and if the land is asrich
as it ought. to be, it will grow fast
enough.-(amh J urna/.
t ha ng it llorse's uit.
In Barbary, pacing horsos are hell
in such high estimation that the
- methld of iaking a ipirited trotter
shack!o liko a boat in ia chop s2a is
reduced to a iCence . To mako him
rack eoaily, a ring if lead, covered
with leather, is put arofund enIh hoof
a cord fro!m each weight aceefds, an(I
is fastened to the saddle, ou.t antl
rear ; next, a strapl runs h6r'intally
from tile fore to tle 1 hind foot on both
sides. Being rather short, it is im
plo0sible to ak11le a !oilg step. Re
straint compels the animal to practico
a new gait to progress it all. As
soon 11.9 a habit is ehtablinhed of going
alheilad thus tethered, the desired ani
ble is fully and permnimuntly accom.
pli.,bed. -- --
The ap!ointment of Senator Saw
yer of South Carolina to be Assis
tant Secretary of the Treasury in
i another of those s'urprises which the
- lresident probably enjoys. Mr.
r' Sawyer has not been spoeialy proi.Oii
I int in fin anici al a hairs ince h1CIe hasii
been ill thle Senahte. lie distinguish
s ( ed himl.elf,holwever', by oppo.sing the
s thlieving rinlgs of his ownl State, and
i has scoure~d suchl a reputtationi for:
I exact hlolety thalt he goes into the
r Treasury Deparltmlenlt with a greiet
t deal to ho sa d in his favor.--N. Y.
NoUc for WhIiiskey.
-A WYyoming territory correspondent
of the Chicago Tribune says the ei
n mate in remIna rkably heal t hy, anlld
electricity abhound Is every where.
.Whenl a man11 touchelis his blankeots,
Iduring thle dar1k lighats, aL str'eaml 01
r ('ire follo w's his fingers. Theso are
y not in]convenCienIt, as might at fIr.t a p.
. pear, but scen::. to senld a hlealth y
I glowi~ and elacieitIy thIirough the sys.
ii temI u blilh it, is iminpos sile to de -
s r-cribo. Men need n10 art'ificial stimiu
it P'i.l10.s au ndlollec'.
We learn fromIl aL piv~ate Son11rca
that two editors afal a .urg.'on ile
R aleigh Ilight be-fore last, and yester
is day miornling 0one of the p.arty took~
I breakf'ast ait the ltNilroad Eting
rIloese, at the diepot la this city', al1n.
Ii departed oni thle Soth tinf. 'I .L
e detl:inaltioni of the party was Formlt MIt.,
5. S. C. W hat does it ilnean 'I- Chur4
s lu.'te ObTscueer.
, P'robable Ims~pentlIni o1(51f1I livternuor ut
- A dispatch to the New York WVor'd,
t-' from Talahali'ce , says ~ : "The n.
r's Governor of' Flor idla ha is openly S 1
at detianice the ac t prohliibitinig t b ,
Gove~'rn1or tromi ilppoint inig to oflice,
) (l interJ'hn, an1 y' peroni~l who ha~d Lee ,
nou.inated for IsuCh othlel and1 (eject4-'
by the Senlate, anid that, ho ill
1- probably be imrp(.ehed at the i..s
oj Sessioni of thei Li,"Id~ature.
a A .aontemnpoiary speaks of a fash:
d, l'onablo tailor' a, beiing "0110 of' the
d- 4)ld war IIoJsCes of thle trade,'' A.
Leavv chawger. wesnn .