Newspaper Page Text
0 1- - - .- . . - - . - .- . . . - - --
t - +
Desportes & Williauis, ProbrietorA Family Paper, Devoted tI Science, Inquirv, Industry and Literature [Terms---$300 ncr Annum, In Advano
VOL. VII] WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDI ESDAY NORNNG, AIPRIL 9, 1873. [NO. 42
DESPORTES-&" Wx W.LJA*16.
form. -ris IaaR.A is published Week
'in the Town ofWihiushorc, at S3.00 in
a iesfly in adv.ance. * . -
kl'ttllaienut adyer tLse-.aenls to be
j ald~In advanct2.
,Obituary Notices .t Tributee $1 00 per
B litor of the Weekly --- ,anada
.DiAit Sin: In my last letter, I did
nint intend surfeit ing 3our -00,000
iraders with pro-a.lavery arguments ;
iueh, T have never studied, ithher do
4 believe it to be right, to be just,
Aba tann should hold on ner bip of man,
-but,'-again, it cannot be riglt, it wzo
pot be just, that hundreds of millions
of paid-up capital in slavCs, which
.were guiranteed .Jy ,tkho Constitution
ind .seppiried, by deisictis orl the
iaupreme Court, should be rendered
tralueless by one swenping ediet. Per.
haps your may :iy that this was the
result of the rebellion, but if the
iaren were property, the 'resident
had noithore right to emanuipate tlhent'
.than to liberaite from. work the stack
of the defeated- k'outherner. You
pnd [, ena well ?emenibcr bow often
during '61' and 'C2, the wortl4 was as
siured, that the war was waged, not
to, free the negro, but restore the
'union. It is surprising to me, to see
bow some men will ride a hobito
death. While the republie' was -in a
ferment over the wrongs of the down
trodden dunkey, and freely gave up
its sens8lif.-they could not buy. sub.
etitutes) to bleed, and if necessary,
die for 'thei'r ..emnmicipation, it is
strange that thinking people did not
look nearer honme., andi devise some
moans to at least first feed and clothe
the-starving, sewing girls and ragged
puupersfat their own- doors. : have t
tiiven to remove from the minds of
your readers sonc of the mi.,repre
te .tations of the past, among those,
that of cruolty,.as a marked trait of
Southern land-owneis, which I in com
tnon with all readers of red backeo
literature, having -elrvos - .s leading
characters firmly believed, but al
though doing so, I do not mean to say
that whippings were not conmn.
Why the very idea of a man's onning
tens, nay even hundrcdar of alaves,
without occasionally: resorting to the
whip as a meanls . of - preserving dis
eiplino on his plantation, is prepc.
terous in the extreme. I have con.
versed with ipany freedman, and have
invariably. put the same question,
did your-old master ever whip you
without having a good reason for so
doing I It is no li-ice to the credit,
n to the honor of those much abused
gentlemen that the answer was always
i'n the negative. As far as I have
been able to glean from the darkeys
themselves, I. am.constrained to say
tiat the nbolitiovist, when he enme
outh, and proved a renegade to his
party, was the. htsh task master, the
iphutan driver, thes, relentless whip
per, and-petty. tyrant of .the planta.
tion over which he he!d de.spotic
- Why, sir, darkies wili now shudder
when relating -ales of cruelty, horrid
- coenes which I would blushu to put on
paper, perpetrated -by the liberating
agrny of Sherman-upon the very peo
ple whom they came to fr ee..
.The dark daysof April '65 camte to
an end, The South lay bleeding at
the feet.- of a -merciless conquneror.
1Her- bravest. sons had falleu in the
sttuggle, bleeding at every pore.
Crushed and helpless she lay a shat
tered-wreck of former days, a more
mockery of what she had onIce been
Stock, crop, everything gone. 11cer
battered sons downhearted, dispirited.
Thisawas .her state d uring '65,.. ,Ith*a
strange loss that'does not. bringhomeo
small ;profit. Now, amidst all her
troubles, the ebsarmer llope, whisper
ed the consolat,ion,' th at cas she ha d
proved to the world the cowardly
slanderers to be Liars of the deepest
dye, and when the negro. was free
she s',least would ebe.lot ilone, and
cease to be in tibe futurey slandered,
such as she been in the past. She.
reckoned without her host. The
. darkey was too rich a character to be
so earily given up. . The world was
not at all sunprised at the discov~ery
of ahorrid Ku Klui plot. Innocent
darkies shot, somie whipped to death,
and some compelled to undergo tor
tues to which the Spanish Inquisition
of eld. would. be fun ira comparison..
-.The craving appetite of tihe public
with whom the past, tales proved so
delicious, again read all, digested all,'
believed .all. So far as they were
ebneerned no amount of insult or inao.
lanee should in any manner be cont
sidored as a palliative. A., free nig
ger whipped for his insolence,' in their
eyes was a crime for. which the so.
vorest psnishmesnt shouwld be meted
out4 Did it matter aught to: them,
what .befejl their own race 1 .What
did it matter if the poor 8outherner
aecused by a perjured darkey, was
draggedfrom his family in the dead
of the night, hy the blue coated min
ions of the Czar Ulvssee-marchied
.t~lhrough the streets of 'Columbia, en
during the insolent mockery of a race
w,h ose. elevation to equality is a dis
graoe to humanity. What, nay, even
Diversity of Crops.
tu Atood many Fariber anid agricul
tural writers are carneit In t ec .n
mending a diversity .f croIps;' on Ob
principle of not.putti'ng'toc medu y egg
ithin onokl'tsket. Tbis is all ver;
!well wit bi:2' certain limits ; it prob'
bly may be bhe'breet in tiU long run ii
view of the tietdiof the'soil.for a ro
i'atiorr of' orops, although rpecialtig
ih' faruing, as in ianufacturins
closely adhered to through a lom
saries of years, iay be able to shov
as good average, profits rt ep'y othe
systcm. The great"adkantge' in th<
uaro f spcialtiew'conhists in the su
perior skill .acryired'it culture an
marketing, and 'the reputation inci
dent thereto. But it can be reoom
mended only. whop, tho s lobutlibn -
faturable. aid. whetbte-criltivator i
a pushing, energetic man, determinet
to do his best in his line, an.d to avaj
himself to the utmost of every I'm
provement and every experiene<
which can increase his cbances foi
For the mass of farmers a diversib'
of crops is beat because not so ex
hausting to the soil-though in thi
6ense diversity means rotation. I1
ib the proper rotation which should
be studied, and not a mere diversity
because under the latter system there
Is sure to be more or less of confliot
For instance, a man who thinks h<
can 'grow general farm crops and v
rotation of fruit crops at the same
time-will be apt to "ijhs it" very
seriaondly) unless his taot, energey and
capital aro in excess of the commoi
run of farmers.' Fruit needs more
caro thought and study than form
crops, and! being more perishable
must be atteaded. to and usarkoted at
certain seasona).or total loss is the
result. It-Inost sections of country
strawberries for inetance, ripen about
the time that olover.'is. in blossom,
and a farmer ,attielptkag to grow
both these crops, and-who is at all
wanting In:.taot, executive.:force or
capital, would suffer loss ou'boao or
the other. A different set of hands
would be required for each at' th
same time, and his own supervis's'
would be divided between both. Tb-c
"right men" will find no Nerioui
trouble about it, but "right men" in
farm managemant are far from plenti,
ful. Thecommon run of farmers will
be sure to burn theirfingers whenever
they attempt to comibine fcuit culture
on any coudiderable scale (small frui
particlarly) with general farming
hence a diversity of crops when re
commended to farmers should be un
derstood to mean such as.follows eneb
other iu.,natural ordertas, tol periodf
foreinktut'i-ng. In grain we have rye,
oheat, oats and corn, and then potst
toes ; in fruits, strawberries, rasp.
herries, blackberries, peaches and
grapes about the same time, tier
pears and apples last. Other fruiti
may be added in certain siistriots
currants, gooseberries, apridbts di
nectar4ies, cherries or plums--but
t.ee fir3b'thentioned make a good r4
tation, and give a fruit-grower a sufll
ciently lively season by attending
proparly to each, both before anc
after the crop season. It is the ,ame
too!W'itl bhe:cereals and root crop
in general fhr ingy as with hay an(
steock added, any fardrer withs only ot
dinary energy' anil capital will fint
etvery moment' fully employed--s
much soi that 'his periods of rest an'
recreation will be few and far be
-ni . . pace for Fowls,
ii Theept-oper apace for ".fodle .ini eon
fiudemeht, 'is set down by Mr.'Lewi
WI'lght'as half an aorei'to a flock c
fifty,'which should be in grass. Thos<
desiring to breed poultry.- on a larg
scale cati calculate from this basi
why so maniy failur.es have attenidet
experiments a 'thst direet'ion. Om
hundred fowls need an acre range
1,000, ten acres; and no doubt asth
flock increases over a hundre~d, at
average of msoo -than one anee' pel
hundred would be the wafer plan.
, Cheap Gas for Fuel,. .,
"Thb miraelo of making water burn
has just been, achieved in England
Mr. Ruok, a spraotical cemni.st, is the
inmvento~t. -The water being first re
d uced to- steamwA-tho- exhiust steirr
from- an betigine' will a'riswe---it l
passed throu~gh'au' rod'bot tubre i
hbating1 furnaco, where "it ik stIper
hearted.'till the oxygieo and hydrogor
are ready'togdissolvo 'their' 'alliatced
It' then is passed.- into a r otort' fille
with incandescen't* coke'an'd iron fran
me'nts. Tihe oxygen hi tak'en tip b;
the iron, and the hydrogou passing
through'the 'retbrt becomes a boating
gas, the coat' of *lhich i but scvel
pence per l,00-cubic feet, hod' thti
quantitly is suflicient to' boil'- 50 gal
lens of cold wateri This hdatlng ga
may :be barbonized --for illuminattni
purposes.--"In thils condlitiedi it'is sali
to have adfilluminatiurg power " eque
to sixteen candles, and to cotit'les
than fifty cents per thousand cubi
It is contended that thie inventi'o
will do away with thb coal scat
now prevalent in England, and grea
> ly diminish the current rates of bot
Ifuel and lights . for domnestic an
i the same ..ehivalry atood guarding
the death budbefian Amesicar citizer
watching for thd' patikh reocyvery 01
the r viutiii,?althoughi balt a week be
rv.re, tho, aoito of the ,dy.iig n~nn had
been carried to the tumbe. -1 All. thi.
inattpred nothing, The past Arvice
>f the - Sodihes'ucr were 4.,uied a ir
blivion. Their suiferings 4ud hero.
sin in the revolutionary war, thoii
nvaluable services in the cumpaignm
)f 1812 and '13, their heroio gallant.
ry in Mexico, were all consigded tc
I.athe's fabled stream, and the pet of
Aho past must be upheld in his inso.
enice, 1'nguery and theft, even if the
rhole Southern people Le sncrificed
is a consequence. D. 0. U.
Win ab ro, December 1872.
The Battle of the Day.
T!he great battle of our day is tu
>e the battle of Money. The combi.
iation Pf. capitalist8, the consolida.
ion of --ai+rowds, the enormouscon.
entration of monley ih comparatively
ew hands, is raidig up a Plutocracy
vhich threatens to overmatch legisla.
urescourts, and stlhprivate interests
hat may stand in -the way of these
Oiibhtio obrporations. v!
.1f the very ablest mon <lntCogress
re so easily beguiled and perverted
y this first onset, what will .the fu
*ut-e be, when millions of dollars can
o brought to bear upon Congress to
ecure millionaires legislation, as
gamst the interests f 'the common
le9pleo . .. a k ;
"h the 'Congross of the United
Itates to become an eaohsngo,- on
7hich money princes shall nidet and
xbshnge commodities ? -. 1
One mnan in the Senate, bne .man in
he IIouse of Re presantatives, of the
ight hind, could have stppped the
:igante sirindlo qf the Credit Mobil
er.! A thorough exposure of the
cal nature of this parauitio and ab.
ornIal. thijog,j spread boidly before
be country, wotild have saved the
ountry its present disaster and dis-.
That sud'h a monsrrous fungus could
well up and grow, and throw its
oots all through Congress without ex
iting remarkawithout calling out one
aithful man to-warn attd guaM4 the
ublio, is a thing that should fill re.
lecting men with alarm.
Is it right to buy legislation I Are
ot .(Oongreqs and State Legislatures
n themPrcet3 , Is not: .he .apital,
ow combitring in"Ame'rloa, a stand
ng threat to our law, our courts, and
Mir Legislatures ?--Christian Union,
Drying up of the Island of Santa Cruz.
The Bulletin of the Torrey Be
anical Club contains a' suggestive
aragraph in reference to the influ.
ne of trees upon rain and atmos
leriemoisture, as shown by the ex
>oricneof the Island of Santa Cruz
n the Wost Indies., This Island is
aid to have baenn' gardenI ot fresh.
ess, beauty and feilitya twenty
7ears ago; it was covered with woods,
rees were ever everywhere. abbn
lant,,nnd ua'ine were profuse and fre
lient. T'he recent viait of a gentle.
nan who bad.known the Ialand in its
)almier days, revealed a lamentable
>hange, on.e-fourth of the Island hav
nug -becotine sin tutter 'Jesert, lThe
'orests and trees had been cut away,
ainfalloi had ceased, and the process
f desic.cation, beginning at one end
,f the IslargL., Ijad advanced gradually
and irresist ibl'y upon the sland; -until
'or sevent miles it bad hbecome' dry
mnd barren as the sea shore. Houses
nud plantations had been abatidoned,
md .:the advaneq of .deaoldtion was
vatchued -by thue people, wbolly unable
o prevent it, but knowing, abdost to
certainty, the time when their own
abitationsa, their gardens and fresh
iclds would be a part of the -waste,
~ndeed, the whole Island seens doom.
d tor becom-o a desert. This sad-re.
n'it is bwing entirely, accordirrg tc
ho belief of thbe -inhurbitants, to the
lestruction of the trees upon the
slands somne years ago.
& ..l outrin Procession.
. Tho Rutherfordto' (N. C.] Vindi
tor thus facet iouasly notices the law
>rohibiting the sale of intoxicating
iquors in that town:
,"The law prohibiting R~ho- sale .of
ntozicatingli-quava in R.&therford t on
roes into-eefectaon 'the' lst of M~ay.
I'he sailoene will then form prodension
tnd tako.up lime- of march for the
uburbs,' a doublo column of mourn
nug, thirsty souls *-ho atake sugar idi
he'rn, swellin" t'ao line, 'with musi'd
)y the banid, (rye-straw, andI "Paddy,
won't you drink some,) to .'tho hi'sto.
riek nolghbofhoods of Siumptorto,
Neow Hlope, Battery C., 'Frog Lavial
lIole in the W eil, >Gallow Ilill,
Roguchavezv, an'd Sneeze mburg, all o1
which are to afford the wesry, ethirsty
travoller 'quiet; refreshment and
Calcb Quotom. .,
An Ohio paper advertises for's
good practical printer, who could take
the charge of a printing office, reat
the -proof,:mako selections, scribble
paragraph when necessary, reek the
cradle, dig potatoes, cut wood, and g<
with the gael. to -singing soebool, ant
. Recuperatlve Power of he Soutih.
I. There iv a wonderful: recuf.ei,ri ve
1 and euergy in ou. IAinrio poimb
m tion Nhich his no parlle'l 'it Et1 uo.
V pean comnjuunities," an. if the toiltl
will be true to her,elf, like '1ra.,-o
a abe will emerge from her trouble.,
With renewdll Vrength. It is tre'
,4 that the south has been *courgel wit hi
, fire aid svord, hav hail their Iru
tiet.oc still more solely tied by the
want of integrity in vilfiials -, I J..
r vorruption inl high ilaces. Jli. aift er I
a long and cheerless night of, 1is.uIe, I
let'us utite in indulging the Ipe I
1 that a brighter day, bringmg with it I
peace, happiness and proK.pei i~y to oUr
stricken peple, indawniiig upon our
beloved South. To pro'per we n.oit
a secure immigration, and build f.: i
tories. Let us, if p )sible, s. fram IIN
our domeati e' I -gishtion is to idi -.k'e it
i6' th'o fhteme8t of"al' tatives to *e y at
home ar.d work hdartily for the re. i
demiptiort of thre Stuth, andt at the 1
same time to tempt the thrifty and E
itid'ustribits from every ctioie to make
their honi'e among us. As an'agricul- i
tural people we are perhaps ,uperior I
to the northern people ; -Jut a'manii t
fdctuiti%'we' are tieyo hchool b.oys t( I
be taught 'by them. Lot us have i
manufactories throughout the South,
as we can have them, and frin inoun- c
tains to thd senBhord; every State ivill c
resound with the mu-ic of machinery, i
making her glad when she is sad ;'her I
cities will expand ; her towlis will t
grow ; her sleepg iViflage wi'll wake
up to work ; her forests will be 1ev. e
eled ; her idle streams will be 11til- I
ized, and her people, all her people; t
will be incomputably benofited by t
the grand results.-Memphis Ap17c. v
On Sunday last, at Lewi' Turn a
Out, Mr. I. W, W.Lia. The decea .
ed had been gradually rinking for
months with hopelers consumption.
On Smday, the 30th ultimione, near
Cedar Shoals, Mrs. William A. Dren
':-On Monday morning last, at the
rlsidence of Mr. A. TA. Walker, Mirs.
trre T. Walker. The deceased wais
tlierdaughter of Willia n Wilkins, of a
Marshal County, Alisissippi ; shbe
leaves to mourn her loss a youthful
husband and several young s childroen,
and alsio a large circle of devoted
frien d a und rela tives.
Th sor'uth tit was ch sa d de ned
on Monday last by hearing of the
dea th of Mrs. S. P. ll ami I1tn, w hic h
occurred the day previous at hert
father's home int. -a'van na ht,
Georgia. Many timies during' the
past-fe.w mio e nt i hav'e' ehronicled
thaflight of ghtle a irits from our
midst, but never wad deeper pain t
than nrw. This lovely and gifted,
lady will be sadly missed, not only, inl
her dismantled home, but in) thle social
cirle where hr fascinating erson
tibd peculitr chtirm of mind andiman
ter endeared .r to a large nmober
of friends, whose heairtsgo out in
tander sympathy to the.- ar onesleft.
I .en ricksdfn ! Riot iln ,New tork.
Th Tow Yiork 1Expot(2 i nfrs tae
-that uhe ofac foreiandow Tues.y
day, in tintc, pona t~ihela la-eI
> borersl~ on BoulevaS, i'it is be.
Iledt hasfi n breeneirely abanda
- ters buo have beenu 'iiel ptpnted
untilcsome mthe favtrable opyortu
ni~ttd preeny freelf. aThe Bovlevrd
meae greatlyh dioostinito tthe
AItali torrm wo unurka fort.2
p ery whileteio "gattieek A
pI dh'ay. Theeecs of i:abt that buve
eforce hO tene ofil thh hliei beree
Tuewly, auh teribe hlst ould wae
iou rred,' asemeralofnthesBl.
0t anagd abu ithe svene aofd roi's
1er.evetnding tor loo frwok
bu Pawho hralty wre ateng or in
an attak.uo h tain b.
Silk Culture ini South (uroliima,
The Savaaiuh A dvertisor b11a had
a coiversationi with a genl ile men, a
rcsident of Beaufort, ii this State,
who expects soon to go North for tho
purposo of' mathng arrangements for
tho establi-hout of a silk worm
nursery at Beaufort. lie appeairs to
have given the sublj3ct the closest, at
tention. Tie cocoons which ho
showed the writer and whiebi were
grown near VeaufortI are said to be
very beautiful, and v-ere st.tc I '?
hii to be as flue as any ever growin itn
(lhe United States. 110 oarries - the m
o)n with handsome letters of intro
ductioln and recommendation to silk
manuitit ifacturors at Ihe North, tind cer
tainly,U inil colsileration of the facts
before us, we conilot but -ay that he
liust succeed in making arratigemients
satit.fadtory to all.
The breediiig of the silk worm was,
in Cob nial tilics, quite al exteNsi'e
busiucs in South Carolina. Its final
abandonment as far us we can learn,
was not on ncount of 'the want, of
protit','bu. tL great, di!1"eulit y exis
ti g at that tile ill tranlisporting from
tho old country a suflicient number
of skillful maniipulators to tako care
of the plant and the feeding of the
vorn ii its earlier tages. At the
present time, these nre Comparatively
easily~fond sit th c'North and from the
Wct. Ii Englaid the matter has
engaged the particular attention of
the Government for the past two
years. Nuracries ha:e been estab
lished in various parts of the king.
dom, and with tho encourageient of
the Government. airo imakinig large
inmpr0ta11iti ons of, eggs anid c'cionts f;o:;)
all parts of the World. In Mexico
and,(I in, various parts of tlie Norhlierin
States, it is a busiti(s- can ied (in with
great proit to the owlners of iurseries.
''hc Ceperiment of raising tile silk
worm at Beniifort, says the Adverti..
Per, has been innde with the most
satisfactory results. The cocois
produced are, as we have stated, very
beautiful to our uieducated eve, and
the fact that efforts lire being inadle 1)
establish a nursery at that pilaice
proves that the pillie- nk g ihi
experiment ate uiiilu: i C i-1:
idcrable aiouit of ' ...i.
Shouli 'th do::tor siceel 'i Li..
efTort (aid we sincerelv hout ho
will,' it must open in Sotih Carulin;e
a field of great profit, for the people,
and %%-ll probably do away to a cer
tain 'tetit. with the culture of cotton
on the sea islands. .
" huillt fliclttrilig Movrments.
The Epartanbuirg Spartan regret';
the the failure of the hill exeipting
manufactories of certain kinds from
tazatio.n,to become a law, and (ante
liriigly d:-aws a vidv:1 picti're of v.:at
"mLI)ightt hi ave been." The oor wioulId
find employment, which wouldl keep
them from being a load on tle tUx.
payer, and the latter class would ex.
perience a like' benelit. 'ITe induce
iient , also, offered to men o.fviealtih
to reside here, with (heir famnilic.s)
would add much to the taxable prop
erty. It conclusion, it hoIes that
the Legisluturo next session will
promptly jiais.thn Eixzeiptiou bill.
The sitn:it -tr xatchmlian demo' -
strates the vital im1ortance r f mann
factures to the risinig South. Jeforo
ite war, matnnfactuirinig was moinopo
Ilized by the Northi, andi thle Southei rni
Sttos had niothiing but te cultiva
tion of their owrn fleecy stap1le. Thiis
state of thi ngs wvas brought ab oc t by
slavery chiefly. White labor was no
cessary for mn inutfacturtes. TFht spell
is now brokent ; slavery is altolished,
whit o'labiorrs thiryng the country with
now is tho timiie for man zu notoie s toi
14)om1 up on eviry side, aiid by their
active, induostrnal inlfluenei cc ond a
steaudj i.upport and strer.gth to the
grad.ually rising Sout h.
TPhe Atlantio liad 900 siteeraigo
and , fifty ca bin passenigers. Not, a
womnan or child was saved.
A general strike of houso patinterl
for three dollark per daty is apprehenrd.
ed cln the vtiiity of Springfield,
TIhe D)emocrats elected thle Mayor
of Milwaukre ail tho entire Do-o
cratie County ticket.
Comnmanider Wiltz, has 'been d -
tachled from the P'ensaacola navy
A boiler ait the steamu sa'. nmill
owned by C'ohille & Co , cf Wil
ti ngton Exploded on the 2] of April.
Two men anid one womran killed andr
one mia. an~d one womoap severely
wountdedl. All the killed andu
woiunded are rnegi aes.' One of the
bbilers wats carrie'd ov-' 100) yards to
F"ront street,killing a womn' in it;
course. Another was hinled nea1
half wvay 'noroas Cape Fear River
'rho cautse o'f the explosion is 1.o
definitely kiiowtn, though it is gener
ally supposed to hauve been1 eau.-ed b;
low yater in the boiler8.
A jiilitia eaptain in one of thn
northern Staites, during thto late wi,
learnint'g 'that a regiment hadt~ beet
organizedl foi- some special ser vice, e'x
claimed, 'The darn'd fools, they';
bettor stick to the drum and life, tha
a to go to the expense of buying os
lJ Georgiit News.
The 'rynl Benga! tior, whioh lai
t0 compiilett ly seattere' the vhts 'f
the natives in the neighborhoodl o'
A tigusta, and whie was ciptured re.
Celitly, has suceeded in maiking it
escape, aud it is no0w reported to be in
The a':kvannah eustomi house has
been roeinstructed, and cleven heads,
Imostly black, have been out o1.
'A small hild of Mir. 1'. WV. e'
01n, of the 2;th I)istrit, 1 illy oun..
ty, being l(A t il in rooli but for a short
tile, had its clotieg to take fire, a
was ao badly burned that it di')d in i,
short tilli .
Effirts are being inadc to have tho
steamers of the Charleston and Flu, i
da line touch at Brunsivick.
Wheat is Eelling in Ringgold at $'
and $2 10 per bushel. Sold by faru
ers of (atoosa county.
A tlant a stlands xearly 1,100 feet
abovo the tide water, onil 900 feet
higher than A u gusta, Macon and
Columbius, and 300 feet higher thai
iile, I.lton, or Chattan ooga. But
Marietta is hiiher than Atlanta.
(hi last Friday there were severi
personus liig in I he State for rat e
all eolored we believe.
The citizens of Jefferson voted on
the pro positionl of th Tiown Council
to subsciihe $40,000 by the corpora,
tion to the stock of the Guinesvillo
aind 1JeT.-rIsoln Iailroad , nlhiob JIopo.
sition was indor:ed by a unaniinous
V u te.
Yro n th 2recr il the Orilinary'
ofliee w e lea Iati l.'e iuave been 5,.1
marriages inl Miu-colece aotlnt y silioc
No emiber, IA38. The hoohs l before
thiat date were necidentally burned.
-Silnco 'st January 121 licenses havo
The "Grrat Solthrrn" RtaJ~.
t Louis is :.gitatintg (Ile projector
a diret rai bad iline to thei South,
wihvi, startitog :,t that city, is to ruit
v:saail, atuitil the oicn country
h'.,ae of the citiy is gi.ned;i thenceo,
liiihg mut .d kiigi from three
li i t Ile o, m ! !n t of11 theo. ,i-ree, full.
tung iongh Noiii. L->u is and Jeffersonl
e les to a1 po1init, where the 1ron
Mtountanm railromd leaves the river to'
u int ilIte i'llci e ityr' 'f the State
theno the 'oil eo'iubt, it i: bolieved,
run along the river to St. M;.ry's, by
way of the ,nuienta village of St.
U ievive - thence.'u fi I' as n may bo
on an air linn to t'ape Girardeau
city , tlnee thruhli.i' and "uis:ia
sippi comities inl a d'reet line to Bel
m lonit, :1114 by a't ~ e to a point.,
opoie I 1,1 im, Irentuacky. Th is
is to be the "G reait Soithern Road.,"
and is to cnuinect with other roads, as
well as to forin th shortest routo to,.
Atlanta and tho Gunilf eities, and to
"1attract nine teniths of thIle pamseiger.
travel between the Noithwestern anid
tli SouthwCstern St ates." All these
antaged ilaly imore we havo
no Space for, were given it length'
at a recent publio neting in St.
The Tilxatitill of ,Ierigpgt;
Tihie New York TJil'bune I.; vigo
roeusly pressing the State liegislature
to repecal the taix on Mlorgngesc, as
recoin niendied by G overnor Dlix. It.
assats thait the taxat ion of morigages
d iminishics the amoiunt of money ini
vested' in miortga g'e, anid ind irectly
pev~ent s the di i [ion of est ates and
thle iimiprove menit of smnall holdings.
'he effiet (if' the preent tax ini New.
zork( state is to redneec the in ter
Ct' onimortga!;ges in No-w York to
4.7'0 per cent ; in lBrooklynr to 3 per'
cent . Go vernmendt bonds, wh ich aro
not. taxable, are naturally preferredl,
ndl l' aii son f'oid an td miiortgago arni
no longer procured largely firom
estiatea in trust and cap italIists. Iia
the country tis state of affairs prne
vents sales to smaill1 fairmer's, and int
thiecities it Is a barrier in theo way 'of'
cutting property into build~ing lota
andirctighuy hro for salo
cost la cash.
Whatever may be di ne in New
Yprk, we trust that lie South Care
lin~a J.egislature will, at t ho next ses
sion, relieve binds and m nortgages
fromn taiatiollh anid so put a stop to
the unconst itu tion al practice of tax
ing tihe sane Ipoerty tw'.ice ; first,
as relal estate, and second, as peronalii
deY are informned thatita violent hail
.torm, iieconipaiiied with a great deal
of' iightn'ing and I hinder, visited .the
u ~pper' por tioni of t is j coun(1t y' 01n Fr.tidayi
ni ght last. Ii the nieigtj borho. of'
Armenia Cnuu oh, p~s.0 wei aC told
the, ground was.entirely cov.
eredl w.ith iha tones va' ying in
size 'from at partridge egg .to a, bien
egg. It is aipprehendedl ,that the
fruit trees, wh ic)h arc now in full
biloomn, sifl'e.ed considerable damago.
The iYn'dians who mu--d ered a suir
-- vyC'ing party southiwest of Arkansas
I City,, wer e .the " W birl Winds,'' a
i aaurauding band .of Chieyerans. A
Iparty ha.. been organized tat Atkansas
City to avenge the survecyors,
A. wonierful Citick.
A Oerman of Ciucinoati has invent.
sd a.eioek which, th .uh'iuelh small.
r t han 'th-e oelobra e.1 oie at St ris
i! from itb de'stription, it :ch
inre cor! [5!icated, We see inl a glas,
:.s, a tareb-stoty, steeped-shaped
*leuk, jIfou" t. wde at' the first
try anid nin ''et Igh The move
n, i- placed in the lirst 'tory, on
tur delicate coltun.nc, w'thiU whieb
I v tgs ti le peinduulm. The second
story Conisists of two tower like )ice(s
ri lhe d 'oi s of whiji tiht re are two
ict un i (li t. reproment boyhood and
arIv manho.d. A tower crowns, a
i-t Itry, I he itnjenious structure.
\ cOk, as' a ynbol of watehfulm n:
tands on th top, dirLetly cVOc the
.m tal. When the clock marks the
i-t (1uarter, them door of , the left
Ii. cc of t6'e second story oiens, and
L child issues. from the background,
0mes1 f rward to a little, bell, gives
t one blow, And then disappears. A t
hi semia fiuarter a'youth uppears,
:rikes tho bell twice, and thun dis
ppears ; at the third,'there ci'iics a
n11n inl his j me - at the fourth, we
isavc a: tottering old man, leaning on
, stafr, who strikes the bell four
ime. Each. time the door closci of
tsel. . ' :
W hen thp hetdro 'arc' full, the 'dcor
r the right'piece of tie second ctory
peils, and Death, as a skelqton, scythe
iu hand, ap iars I and marks the
our by stri kig a bell.' But it is at
he twelftL hour that we have 'the
;raud spectacle.. in the representziatioi
I the day ofjudgemet. Then when
)cath has sti-uck three blows on the
b.p df the little bell,'the codif'on the
p f the tower suddenly flaps his
,ings and crows in a shrill tone ; and
fter Death has marked the twelfth
our with his hammer, the cock crows
gain twice. ' . -.. I
- lediaVtoly: th/e'a angels, %-hoi
.imi isguardiann in a centr..1 posi
ion, raize their trumpets in their
ight hands, (if the left t'hey hold
words,) and blow a bl.st towards
ach of' the four geilarters of the earth.
Lt the last bI ist* the door of'the tower
I.0.1 and the resurrected children of
atth appear, whilo the destroying
ngel sinks out of sight. Then, sud
enly, Christ decensds, surrounded
y agels On his left there? is ah
nig-l who hold.) the scales of -nsticc,
i his right a nothr ca;iis the Book
f Li e, which opens to slow thh'
ipha and Omega-the beginning ancy
lie end. Christ waves his hanid, at'd
nstantly the good anisig the resur
ected are s. pirated fiom the widck
he forn er go ing to the right und thi
1.tter to the left.
The A~ch ng 1 Michael galutes the
Od, whi'e on the other side stnndi
lie devil, radiant with fiendish delight
-lie c i barily wait for the filaal
entunce of those who fall to himi, but
n obedience to the comniand of the
entral figure, he. withdranwS.
-'I he figurd'of Christ raises his hand
gain' wilth . Ihr'eCatcning mien, and
he accursed si1k' doVn to the rtalins'
f iis Santonii nnij'sty. Then Chriet
desses the chosen few, and they draw
kear to Him. Finally, ' we hear a
'erful chimd of bells, ' dmlring which,
hrist rises. surrounded by his at ge's,
inttl'he disappeiars and the portal
A compl'ted drama is hero repre
teeatedl, whithout the aid of a human
iand. The1 mi vements are steadhy,
inand'niuise.ss, wit~h the 'excep
ien of ic Lbretten ig gestures of
lhe figur~e of Chtrist and th lin ove
II tits of Iaueil'er, wvho darts across
he scne wilt I ligh tn iig rap.id ity.
iconrse the j'eculiar setion of these
u i figu ra is intnional oni the part
it the amtiet, and add. greatly to the
The Duttchmarn's ibrso-. -.
Thiat (old Dnmiehmanifl's isor.O i1 on
gain, Ile locki the sble dloor
very time lhe finda the horse out, anid
lien when lie finds the horse out, lhe
OaveP it'opeln. [foe ja his. last ad,
<lie is run away agin, mina little
phack heise, 1 rite him two days In te
iniiddle do nilte, arnd von be riot vide
cee shntmping lid bsumps is if to tevil
ca.,int, aind' he trows lie idkn ;I not
mvo suc fall mdit:ec '1 f->re I vis
,ornit. I, pnmy .bimf tod ('f ShacIh
Th'inic ( e' S iiime, he .haive fa 'o wh eet
)'fore, mit von plhadh srip oni his
'ose, voin eye will locle pslmc like' ;riss.
lie ms b road~d ni'tr Shon Keirdehg
rn ge r, in lii., p'ehsi ad sidea of hsis
aile. Who~evdt vi!Il-take 'up'do said
iois'e, hadII ri n(g tI lie toT) of niino
io:se; nea~r C shgatree, salil pay me
wo dha is retsrl, ands if def~ vill
not primg m.e, in,:.na hsoise ager', I , illI
sit sue de law En' fore.' ngainst all do
ogles.'-- 'canjac I'per.
The wheat crop oa t'hiksp'o'f rail
road1 between this plae dind C~arlIotte
is looking bandly. From all p'arts of
Lbh eount'ry, North'," South, Eiast and
West comes the news otfthe' back
wardness of the wheat crop. Th<
cause of this vid proaume, is the
great amnount,of rain that fell dun
ing the winter and the i'nany hiari
Why is a tailor, when patching
garment, like an enemy 1 BecaSUs
be is a 'sower of tares.'