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Williams & Davis, Proprietors.] A Tam 'Iy Paper, Devoted to Science, Art, Inquirv, Industry and Literature [Terms-$3U or Annum, In Advanor
VOL. IX.I WINNSBORO. S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, JULY 30, 18T3. [NO. 3
IS PLnJ1ICJSD WE1lLY .gBY
WILLIAMS, & DAVIS.
Termns.-Tux [ir,[UALU is published Week
in the Town of Winusboro, at $3.00 in
r ariably in advance.
AtVr All Iranslont advertisements to be
.id in advypion.
Obituary Notices and Tributes $1 00 per
A Western Delnge-The Bursting of a
On Satuiray e'veniiig last the vil.
Ingo of Ontario, twenty-two miles
Poutheast of Sparta, was visited by
one of the most disastrous R~oods ever
kq9wn in Wisc'6nin. At 9 P. b. the
rain commenced falling, with every
appearance of a heavy shower. The
rain ..foll steadily -,Yintil Vidnight,
whou all at once the "windows of
heaven wore opened," and seu forth
*'n almost solid body of water. In
thirty minutes the streets were rivers I
and the village a ..vaft ikkel. The 1
"lower part of the town was submerg.,
Sd t'.the.depth.of six feet, filling the -
lower stories of the buildings and i
driving the occupants, to the chamn- a
lers before they could remove the
goods from below. At 1 o'clock on <
1unday morning the Water had, roach- <
ed its greatest height, the rain had i
ceased to., fall ard gradually the wa- I
ters subsPideld, until '.4V3un9WUfn of I
that (lay the water had receded from r
the streets, and the Kickapoo river <
had .r-tir'ed within it . proper banks. i
Ten bridges across thuit st.reame in i
the town of Whitcstown, were carriedl
away, and many others ji tiio adjoin-' i
ing towns of Star and Clinton. Both
.tlio 'nldams in the village of On
tario are gone. When the waters I
subsided, droWned ,hogs) bat),io and t
sheep were found in all directions, 1
Plnd the crops on the low lands of the I
Rickapoo vvlley are completely des
troyed. Fences in,that valley and f
Brush creek valley near by are all f
sw.9pt away. -
'he damage to that locality is im- P
Mense, many. ,osking all, their crops, a
their most valuable housdhqld goeds (
and also their stock. Fortunately no 4
lives aro known to have been lost. I
The suddcui fall of 'vatbr is supposed I
to have been the result of the butt- I
ing of a water spout. The desola- i
tion produ6ed, isiaid-to-b'ggara de.g
cription.-,Sparla ( Wis.) Repubican.
- - - t -
Love by Wire.
3oMANTIC MARRIAGi4OF TELEinAlit
The report of Mr. Soudamore
t6e )iiector of PoM Telbgdipha in
Great Britain, contains a romance of
the most originail desgription. After
paying how successful he has found
the system of employing male and
female cerk tgghthei, anid .Iion
piuch the tone of men has been raised
by the association, and how well the
women perform the clsking or Witlt I
finding branches of the work, he goes
on to t4baeak of frieudships fqrmod bb.
tween clerks at either end of a telo- I
graph wire. They begin by chatting
at intervals of their work, and leiy
soon become fast friends.., "lt is a
fact," continues Soudamore, "that a
telegraph clerk in L-ndon, who was I
engaged on a wire t Hrlinj fo-. e. I
an acquaintance with, and an attach-I
pgnent for,--mark the officials style of
the language-"a female olerk w)o.
worked on the same wire in1Berlini ;i
that he made a proposal of marriage I
t8 her, and that she neceepted him<
witho ut having over seen him; They
wei'e married, and the marriage, I
w~hich resulted from the oeotrio
affinities, is sup pgsed to have, turneid
93it as well as t Lose in wlicih the
conses are more apparently concern
ed." Nor upust the prudent reader
run away with the idea that these
young personls were very (psh,.or that
they married. witliout due acquain
tance. For it is a fact thatp clerk at
one end ot a wire ean read l~y tell by
the, way in which the clerk att the
other end does his work "whether he
is passiogate or euk, heerful or
dull, sanguine or phlegmati,' .i1l.
uiatured or good-naturd."-Journal
of the Telegrap.*.I
Hlorrible Muirder li Oreenville County.
,Cn Tuesday morning last a hlorrible
tuurder occurred at the p lantation~ of
$1Ir. Joel Ellison,tini tflowwr jpart of
Greenvillo county.. , he parties con--I
corned were two 60 o* 4(plip, tpn or
twelve years of age,~s1 '~ wore driving
the mules attached to t threshing
mnachine. The .boys tiarrelek ,tho
larger one, a son of Adam James,
threw the smaller one, a son of Morris
ilumbert, down to the ground tand
deliberately 6ut his thrqNt. The
boy, though fatally cut, pursued his
murderer for about fifty yards and
fell dead. James was im ediafey
arrested and Is now in the Greenville
jail.- Union Iherald..
Sad anilPFi(al Aeccident.
We regret to learn as wf do
through a friend at Harrisburg, that
on Monday, Mr. Samuel lKrwin, one
of the best citiznns of Gabarrus coun
ty, was killed by a fall from his mule
~at Pioneer Mills in that county. lie
lived but about twenty minutes after
Vhe fall.-- Char loll Obiserver.
Every now and then we get a refresh
ing rumor from Paris that startles us
A few weeks ago it was the reporte<
abolition of gl.9ves Fri<Ay it is the
gbdication of corsets. At Very,. jnn
thing to do away with the last nine<
articlep, according to Dio Lewis, Eliza
beth Stewart, and old hygienic Mary A
Walker, besides our jrmy of etrators h
have eatnea the titles of doctors an<
professors through tirades on corsets
For a woman with a thirty-six inch
%Ylst to go,colianjsini her ht eI with
Dorset of eighteen or twenty inches they
are undonlitedly unhealthy ; but a corse
if tW enly-two inches a wa ist , of lhe
innie 4jipgsions is a comfort, a staf,
In Aimee's group were several L'rencli
women who went without these affairs,
tAs they werpqinte stout, toho, er:ct.iv
ridiculons'. I, as the papers atate, cor
iets are actually abandoned in P.%ris, a
ine looking party they must be. The
atest Frenoh -made areisep a .4tes'es
to more. They are mere draping3 with
he.fparfully low necks, absenco of all
leeveg, and a mere strap going over the
inked shoulder,'johiig tihe dress at the
mall of the back and the pit of the ato
nach. The Okirt is strangely and won
erfully hung. It laps and folds ; it is
al ih Iiglitho~ld.d h b
s ' ed t ghtly about the entire gure.
Prom beneath this drapery streams out
two-yard trsin. Out-door costumes
i.tade1 as far as thedrapery is con
erned, in the same style. These fash
DRnB demand revolving pedestals, and
vl'at dancers terni "slow movements."
.o 4 ess of this kind euld be taken on
ta owneris back in a 1!iry inygijere.
)f course, corsets and a good many
ther articles of nnderwear, hitherto
weiekidispensale, .wll )have to be
aIen' o.' tor the "Empiro" waist. A t $
'ery swell wedding lately the high-toned
elles,held 'their arms like trussed
)Wis, t'PreveL the. silk and lqco sus.
enders that did duty as idreaSaisto
-om falling off their shoulders. The
og bridal party were to the number of
do-en pfiotographed, and if I were to
end a copy up. to Connecticut I'd not
nly be prayqd for .Yil the bhurches as
e.Jejt', l ut I'd be liable to indictment
or aqnding indecent pictutes ,by ipoil.
o gldvs I..Tljat'st. OrPadtul for , nice
ooks. No corsets I That's bad for corn
prt ; and no waiststo our drepes, atid
halage.4in to be cool for summor, if
L possesse, no other c~cided a4vant
ages.-l-ont Mrs. Burnliaizm's Letter to
liissouri Repauca n.
'roTq thp. last issue of tpe Kingstreb
3tar, wo ta'e.the following
"A large bear was killed a few
lays ago near Salter's Depot by E.
E. McConnell. Two of these animals
Verg <isco ered by A nero woman,
0heY were Iasoiig; through., a field,
roing in the direotion of Santee river.
some of the citizens went immediate.
y lin pqrauit with dogs and gunsi and
)efore proooqdin far in the olids
rd .Ujtpol to a tree,,,. This fiotght
,e arti te.a lait,pnd his oompanion
ga 4 its esoagd. . Jtdging from the
>rodigomg. asie of. its par,,.it g ist
iav, beena monster. One won4'd
uppose that in an old country like
his,,and wheye, t9o, there pre so many
lInters,thap tJeso rare anImals would
ave long since become entirely .t.
inet, but tloy are frequently seen
und. killed 3b ouk the, largo bays and
n Bleek and San toe rivers. They are
emiinders of the primeval days of
Ir, Davis Screnadecd at St. Louis by
80ome of hia Forneor Slaves.
The St. Lo~ugeU1iristamn A dvocate
lays during ex-President ,Payis' .recent
risit to that..c Sy, *ond sw,hile he ,was be.
ng ,called du y....crowds of respect able
itizons, and receiving j(paietatipo~f
espoet fr om hun redepf ti.it most promi.
ient and worth lqdies apd gent lelpsi
>1 th~e city, there ocunirred a. ..little epi.
ode ora very pleasing charactor. One
jghmt duiringt his sta. at the Plaintrs'
-ou~se hp was seren adod by ;eoic qolor.
~pe e,wh qwore forwme@l.,lisl a nveni.
.fter th ir dulce~t strains had ceased,
fr. .av~is.called them into his room,
vhere, aftler cordial greetings .on both
ides and a little chat abgst,.pldstiios,
me made each ajanriseme present. .At
nothei- time during his stay lhe wvas call.
Son by an 'old aunty,', who had been
he nurse of his eldest child. 'I heaffec.
ion that the ex-slavep~jpmrtmfested, to
beitrfo~m,9t . ifp'hsid hnd the interesl
~vhicht he manifcested for them and their
uture welfare were really affectihft.
The noit Presidential c'ampaign
~Ide fair to be the. most esoiting and
most l adly. mined cang ~s evei
tnown ,,n oltr }dstpty~ What *itl
the rat ora, and the railroads, an51
he pybudiness, Jmd a few oth
,r tii arj lvelyJssues, the bR~tl<
.L ~asuredly be hot,' and it will tas
be skill of the oldest political sta
gers to bala o~ themsplves nicely oii
the feno.-- iladelphaia MSar.
.An mneano man, mnowinig grass i
Pennsylvania meadow, wiih three oth
ers; suddenly turned, and running hi
Bcythe through one of themi, John Myot
killed him. The poor lunatic imagine
that, as all flesh was grass, his compaioi
ought to couant an part of ~he strojn
Prepare for tc Cholera.
Of the first importance just now,
.Ihen the cholera is around us, is care
I of personal health. Temperance in
cating aid.'drinking ; regular hours
fol- bleep ; frequent bathing. 'in pure
I water, good, plain, substantial food,
avoiding to much ice-water, or drink
ing lifo, d 'Whei beted. If a person
has any tendency to bowel comp'aint
a flannel band should be worn around
tho bowol., reaehing from the ribs to
If any -ymptoms o' d arrloie shoula
appear painful or painless, rest is the
imin9diate thing to be done-abso
lute rest ; let no excuse whatever
prevent. Whatever medication is re.
quired'should be under the advice of
a physiean, who should be sumin qud
proniptly, for it is.during the Trst
stages of this affection that remedies
should be applied. A few hours do..
lay may prove fatal in the end.
Sani.tary. caro( , premises and
places.?*"- ninlight, flresh air, puro
water and cleanliness are the greatest
and best of prophylaxes. In every
city and town there should be general
Oleansi4& and a removal or thorough
dlsinfection .6f all sources of decompo
sition, vegetable or animal.
As Ecientists have now fully settled
upon the opinion that "all matters
which a patient discharges from the
stomach or bowels are infective," when
cholera is thq prevailing epldenio
these should be especially guarded,
anU whatever poison they may contain
or eliminate be immediately and ut.
terly destroyed or render'd innocuous.
This may be.accomjRIishcd.by the .is.
,infooCants which any druggist *ill
One of the most imposing funerals
ever seen was that of the late Ex
Governor Orrj Min)ister to Russia, who
was honored by his .brother Masons,
in New York, with every demonstra
tion of respect. The be dy lay sever,
al days in state in the Cit'y Hall, the
Masoli Jeehing j'uard over it. A
-rocession, composed of the military,
Masons, and the city and other ofleials
in carriages, was fQrmed and the body
remoyed to br. Hepwoi-th's church.
The hearse was drawn by six white
horses, covered with black netting,
and led by six colored men in black
attire,. The streets through which
the .,cortege passed . were densely
thronged, as wero the steps aid will
dows of the houses, some of which
were draped in mourning. So crowded
was the church that several of the
lodges had to reamain outside. After
the reading of the Episcopal servicos
by Drs. lHepworth and Tyng, the
Masonic ceremonies, which were very
solemn1 eommenced. ,On their con.
bltsin the casket wiiA carric1 , to
the hearse, and the procession was re
formed for the purpose of conveying
the remains to the boat which was to
e.nvoy it South. New York has sel
dowa witnessed sd impoaing a funerpi
display as that with which the. Masons
honored their deceased and respect
ed brother, James L. Orr, of South
Rapid Growth of the Patrons of 11us
'* Owing to theo.rapld . groivth of the
Order of Patrons of Ihusbandry, the
headquarters of the National Grange
will soon he removed from George.
town to Washington, whore the Secro
tary's office will hereafter be located.
Since the first instant, about 350
subordinate granges have been or..
ggnized, making thq total ,number of
granges in operation over 4,70o0, with
pn aggregate membership of about
350,000. The Order seems to be
growing most rapidly in the States of
Iowa, which has li,750 grarges ; M is.
souri, Indiana, Illhinnis, blnnesota,
f'ebr~aska rgud Wisconsin. In res
ponse to rcqueats from different States
several additional general deputies
1ipve recently been sent og~t by.,-the
National Grange, to ei'ganizce ubor'
dinato ranges. Trhero are at
present, S tate Granges in Arkansas,
California, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana,
Iowa, Kan.av, liciigan, ?dinnesota,
ftissiasi m, Missouri, Nebrask a,
North C~arolirna, Ohio,..mth Carol'L
na, Tennessee, Vermont and Wis
consin. . .
An ?rgument that Hai No Effect.
Jnstice Bartholomew I2ynchi, of New.
Orleanr, is one of tI .e j'iolicial 'notahbilli..
tics of that city. Afiter listening to a
two-hour argument by lawyer llagan
the other day, lie raised h~iislf a lowly
inhschair and inquired very muildlv,
Aeye through, Mister lfiagan in
"Yes, s~." "Arc ..ye sure you're.
through ?'' "Yes, sir, quite sure." "Well,
sir remarked .Lynch, "you, argumentt
has had no more eflecet upon. thme..pour
than.. a sp~ooncul, of' water on the back ofa
duck. .Th'lere's been judgment entere~d
up against ye (or an hour or more."
An astute showman has conceived
the idea of obtaining Arctic foxea for ex.
hibition. All attempts to keep these
animals alivo in cages have hitherto
been failures, but the showman referred
to thir~ks'that by a combination or cage
and refrigerator ho can manage to make
n "bigr thing on ie"s of the snnecuainn
A Train for San Francisco Wrecked and
Cmic&co, July 22.-A special dig.
patch from Des Moines gives the fol.
lowing account of an attack on a train
of the Chicago, Rook Island and Pa.
celii Railroad last night : The train
left Council Bluffs at 5 o'clock with
four coaches, two sleeping cars in the
rear, the tleping oars being filled
with a bonpany of arintecrat:o Chi.
be on their way to New England
colleges. There were ilso two bag.
gage and express ears, in which was
Lho t brough Califonnia apnil an .x
press matter consisting of nearly ',.
000 in the express safe and three tons
of bullion. When about sixty.five
miles west of Dos Moines, at about 8
o'cluck, at.a sharp curve in an ieolated
spot and nio house within thl:ty miles
in any direetion, the trai:t golog
about twenty-five miles an-hour, the
engineer, John lafferty, saw n;uddenly
one rail removed from its place, about
sixty feet in front, and instantly re
versed the engioc and qppliod, the
air brake. Whoh 16 the act, bajlet
canme pelting into the engine like hail.
Tho engine ran into the bank, turned
over, throwing the engi:eer, llaffery,
and fi-eman.o.ut, thte firqafan falling (Nn
the latter dead. It is suipposed Ilafferty
was killed by the concussion, as no
bullet wounds were found on his body.
The fireman escaped unhurt. The
trainjbeing very hpav.., rpn about oge
hundred feet and stopped. The bag.
gage cars doubled and were badly
smiashed. As soon as the train atopp.
ad several large, athletic men, in-s k
ed in full Ku Klux style aplpeared at
the express car in which was the con
ductor, William Smith, Superintend
ant Royce, Express Messenger John
lBurgess and there other persons, and
ominenced firing rapidly into the car,
Athers yellin'& "Get out there, damLun
ye ; get out of there." Two bullets
passed through the clothes 6f the
ionductor and two grazcl the baggage
master on the side of the heal. The
nmates jpmped out to the rear, under
)over of half a dosen revolvers. Two
>f the robbers marched up and down the
.rain threatening to shoot Any person
wbo.sh.wed his head, saying : "Get
down out of sight, dainn ye, or we will
shoot you." The robbers then
book about two thoukSand dollars
f express money, opened the
mal .saok, but took no lctters,
aiounted their horses and rode off
teross the prairie in a southern diree.
Aion, the whole being done in less
Ahan ten n inntes. Fortunately,
lhough they did not out the telegraph
wires, and Superintendent Royce has
tened .to the niearest teleg aph station
and telegraphed in all directions.
1NEgines and a posse were sent out
from Council Bluffs, on the - Burling
ton and other roads, to intercept the
robbers. Their dress and yoices indi
cated that they wore regilat bush-.
whackers. They evidently , in
tended to get the jusual ralua..
ble express matter sent over this road
on Monday, but which went through
on an. extra train Sunday night.
The robbers during the day stole a
spike bar and hammer from a hand
car house at the station. . T.hey drev
the spilies at one. end of the raila.
They .scoreted themselves several
reds away, and s the engine ap
proached pulled them out of place.
Th'le promptness of the engineer lii
reversing the engie, and the use
of the aiy breaks, ravedl the passen
gers from harm, not one being injur.
ed. Thej1 track wvas at once laid
around the wrecked co'-s, and the train
again resumed the trip, utrriving here
7.30. this. morning, hurt ging th e dead
body of -the engineer, who resided
here, and who leaves a wife and
('ash fromt John Bull-4alhamna Claimts.
NEw Yong .July 19--In the. trans,
mission of' the Alabuama indemnity
fund of fifteen million five hundred
thousand (dollar to the Unitedl States,
the English Governement avaliled itself
ofthoe, asistan'to of three A merienn
banking houses in London,'J. 8. Mor.
gan & Co.,.Morton, Ro'e & Co., and
Jay Cook, McCulloch & Co Thme
bankers determined to tmnnsmitilhodi
one-hulf through. thme ordinary chan
nels of exchange, and recordingly
Morgan &S Co. .have drawvn bui)lu .for
about eight million dollars on London
houses and sold the n,. that anmount
being placed to the eredit of Emnglatmd
on this side.
It is not the Intentior of the bank.
era to trarsmit any addhitionmal sum~inu
this way, but the balance is to he sent
over thlroughm slpmc-nts of five-twenty
b)onds$to the* amount of seven millions
f~~ hundred thousand dollbars, a con.
siderable portion of which has already
been obtamned. Tlhme transaction in
exchang~o was manmaged quietly at the
instance of thoc Chancellor of the EL.
ehiequer,~ who was afraid of the effect
that pubhicity might havre on the
market. TVhe honds will be turned
into gold at par, making the full
amount of the indemnity.__
The miners in Relief district, Oregon,
recently went almo.t wild with joy over
the birth of the first ba!'y in. camp.
T1hue blacksqmith's forge was tre nsformed
into a battery', anyms were madle to an
swer the purpose of ordnance, andl a keg
of blasting powder waseconumed in hr.,
ing salutes in honor of the stranger.
The American Dead h Mexico to be Cared
. qr. . .
:Congre'eo authorized, at its last des.
,aiov, that the Presidont should pro-,
vido, otof the ordinary annual ap.
propriations for the maintenance of
United States nilitary ceicteries.
for the proper care and preservatioti
aid miaintenanoo. of the ceretary or
-buiial ground near the city of Mexico,.
in which are itterred the remains of
oficers and soldiers of the United
States, nnd of citizens of the United
States, jvbo fell in ba-tt~ld or- diod in
:and1'tront th'e' City of Mexico. The
gravcs of the soldiers are not dimtinct
ly marked, but tto graves and tombs
of sone of the office a and citivens
buried there nro ndatly enclosed wit h
the usual evidences of ropoet. For
a quarter of a century, the cemetery
has been in charge of the United,
Staten Gonsul, but bit'anow been trans
ferred to tho War Department, and
will he subject lereafter to.the rules
and regulationi affecting the United
Statos.national military comoteries.
Colonel Mack, Inapeotor of ceto
teries, has just receivod. a number of
photographie views f %ohe ceni'tery,
and will visit, the-. plkeo next fall
with the view of making such im -,
provenents as may be regarded as
The Negro and the Mule.
The flloWiing a necdate, finely iutistra.
tive of the charateristi:s of two' deni
zens of the South, we find in the editor's
drawer of Harpar's Magazine
"'he ns-gro and nule (writes a friend
in C!!ntoI, La.), are insepa'rablo:.com
panions in the Southern cotton fieldn,
and like Clio Iliawathan string and bow,
useless, each without the other. The
lazy indifrreige. anrid careless cruelty of
One, and wondeiful powers of'iidtrnaac
of severo labor, bad treat.ment and neg
leet of the other, complete the compati
bility,of the two rages necessary for the
production of 4,00q000 of. males.-. A
chnracte'rttic anecdote may be relirbed
by those who have had : experi'ence of
I lie two. The spectator had1 tnken re.
ftige from the sti's perpendicular rays
under the shades of a spreading bpeech,
sub tegmine fagi, and lay rectimbent,
enjoying the fitful breezes and the cor
bre frothiness of a country newspape:.
Along Lh.e. dytstyzrqrd. . w)j icli passed by
this retreat ca.e ogginga negfro, mourt,
Pd on a mule, both appareitly fast asleep.
As thO sotniolent pair approached tho
pot, some wicked sprite of the piaco
gave the paper a flirt, wl'ich wa's no
sooner seei and heard than the mule, as
mul1es only know how, instaitly 'wai.
Pc cinl, a id leavn the n.ro pr'a w
litn in the dirt, took his departure under
full sail. The negro, half arising him.
self, and wiping the dust, froin his eyse
!ld uironth, I4'atched the rt:reating it)mils
for some time in silence, but at hngth,
tinconscious of an anditor, gave expres.
sion to - -t his philosophic soliloquy:
'Dat's what makes ie 'spise a tmule.' J1
We nre informed by t gentleman who
wnm in attendanoe at court in Yorkvillo
on '1uneday liat thnt-n hile a Cour.pal
was -arguing a case he made the discov.
ery that a portion of the jury, which
was mor tly negroes, wYeie Found asleep
lIe suddenly stopped his argument., an.
witlh astconishmc'nti ptetured on his cotm
teniance appeakl to the Judge; "May
it please your H~on->r, the Jimrors are
asleep, please have them aroused." The
J1utdge eyed the -tObunsel andi t hen the
Jlurors and instanily ordered fans,- onds
for each Jaurord .atnd with a couple of
baihff's ove'r thomn and the .exercise --of
using then ftans airoused them to a sense
of' their duity, and the argument went
on.-Rock liil Lcaternl.
An Affray-One Man Cuts Another Man's
On Tuesday evoning Inst in tis town
two tmen by the name of Steele andc
Gordon heceotnie.engaged, in a ituarrel.
A busive language was made use of i
hoth partms;,. Gordon used. improper
language. aboust fSteek.'s 'wife ohien
Steele "wvent for"' I~inm with a pocke't
knife. Thinhiroa Iasthe place of atack,
and htad tho knife pbnetraied an eighth
of an inch deeper a funeral weid havet
been the,. coisettend6 Drs, Ted weds
I'obertsofi '. and Johnstoni sewe'd
'up the wonii<} end Gordon wett
by . way' . rejoicing. Steele gave
sc'enrity for' his appearance before
the Trial Justice atnd went homo.-.
Rock Hill Lantern.
Whon- a man ges to Colorado, nio
matter what. his social standing may
have been, he rests on what the miners
there woul call the "kard pan.'' He
got's to the h ottomi and wor'ks up, by
brain and muscle. A graduate of' lar
vard i-,a haitcer out tbero; anid one of
Yale a printer ;a rancheman is tihe soa'
of a Genera'l ini the British army ; four
ether granchemen are br'othera and
sons of a former Governior of Bengal;
two are the sons of a Liondon banker.
and an Alumnus-of one of the. English
universities is manager of a dairy. Such
is society in Colorado-very mueb mix
ed, and every man proving what is in
him, and asking no favors.
Why is a man !who marries twic
likeo the c aptain of-a vessel ? Because
ho has n. second mate,
The Collon tliques.
SJAnP PRACTICE IN Ni-W YOnK- r-n111.
EltNi-:Ri TIl' vicTII--AN IN. i)i.
VIEW 01' 110V TiJINGS AR. IANAGkD
IN TII NEW VORK COTTON :
As an observer of events occurring
on the floors of the New York Cottou
Ilxchange, 1. propos'e to ventilate eer
tain grievanrcs which are borne by
the Southern merclhant and plaiter,
not generally known to either. A nd
it is the method comionly adopted
by which they become heavy losers,
whilat unwittingly abetting speoula.
tion always rampant hero. W\ o will
miako a statement suppostitious of a
Case in point, sny :
Thomas Jones & Co., of Charleston
South Carolina, having no intereAt in
futures or intho plans of the Bull
Ring," or clique, aid having a couple
of hundred bales of actual cotten on
hand, ship tho Famp to Williams &
Co., of Now York, and advise that it
be disposi'd of in th' mannor nk
ing the largest returns to them. It
so happens unknowingly to Jones &
& Co,, that Williams & Co., are no
'tor'ous and a-:tiret members' of the
bull organization, and it is their in-.
tent that all cotton of the grade. of
good ordinary and above, known as
contract cotton. ble not sold to any one
who would deliver it on a contract,
and thus satisfy anil wipe out one1 hin
dred or two hundred bales of the short
Williams ; Co. would not doliver
the consignor cot tonl on a contract
even were thoy instructed to do so,
and would find an excuse, such as
"too poor for delivery," or the thous
rind other subterfuges etaployed
would be always ready ; the real reas
on, be it*-known, why they would not
deliver on a contract as ordered is,
Lhat after the usual transfers, it would
be fOally received by :a bull 'to pro.
Vont it -ctting into the haids of a
bear, and I hat would tend in a vmial
ay certainly to woaken the ring,
and would also be opposed to all the
priniples upon.. whiah the srucess of
the ring are Imned and controlled,
being in fact simply a transfer of res,
ponsibility from one of the ring to
another of the same stripe, neither to
b offered by tho one nor aceted by
: A southern merchant who bas cot
ton.1ed horc in the iids of a bull
cannot sell it. And why ? Because
the exporters sco two cents, a pound
loss in any tl.,' buy to ship abroad,
arid .will have nloneo of it. The spin
nors have lately become disgusted
wVith these artificial prices, and hav
ing a dull market for their manufac
tured goods, prefer to await develop
ments ind lower rrices.
For the reasons horetoforo stated
the consignee who happens to be a
bull will not place it oni contract for
a July or August delivery, for by so
doing lie would be diametrically op.
posing his Owin Interests and that of
his -ring, mid- the reeni1t in the -
cotton is ollowed to remain in store
house until the ring nocomplishes its
purpose) which of course is to force
the bears into a FeLt lenient ft, litph
prices. Then what follows ? The
severe strain under which the mar
het has labored is suddenly slacken
eoed, and then comles the collapse,
and' prices dec!:ine-three p~er cent be
how thle pric:uhlat er'oH hia.: obtain-I
ad for the cotton oni its first arrival in
New York, if it had been pilacedl on a
cont~rset anid sold in the interest of
TIheo noral of thsi: story is npparent.
Refore cot ton is n-hi Tpped to New
York, first find out the proclivities of
ti.e receiver, and if it be one of those
well4-niow~i o be of the en-rth eairthil,y.
make another select ion, andl sendl the
consign ient to a houtse of conserva~.
tit'o~ction, who'ntould idascc tho cot
tonl to best adlvainge, for all rings
and cliques are atL ieast demflOralizinlg,
an n ino time ou5 lt of tena t hios wvho
I ormi parts .of thnemi are uinser,,pulous11.
: fins advice followd would leave
the Souithern merchant free of the
inonhusi of carrying cot tin of this
year's growth into the noew erop, no0W
sa near at hanid.-N. 1. Cor. Char.
A Shower of' fMngr. Reptilts.
A dispatch froim I't, l'aul, dated
Ju tly I 5, says A gent leimn froii
Elk River, in ie erbuneo county,- IollIs
of a shower of reptilos which fell
tipoun a meadow oii the farm of ild
wardl Uphami, near that place, on t he
moring of the ad inst ant., during a
hieavy ra in anid n id storin. TPhe
meiadlow, lhe rniys, w:5 thick ly strewni
withl the bod ies of I he istranigo crea
tures, none of which wcre discovered
alite. T1hey are describedl as about
aix inches long, having gills and finu
like fish, but having also four legs
each, about two inohnos long and ter'
minating in OlmiWS.' One person who
saw thema declared thati like creatures
exist only in the waters of Mexican
lakos,.froma whience hdi rupposed they
might, have been carried along by the
windI until they wera dropped ont Mr.
*John Carpenter, of Michigan, han
stopped smoking. H~o knocked the
~ashef- out,of his pipe on a keg of
blsting r owdor.
Gambling l1o0s. ,
A Sariatogm correspondent of tie
Jiostoni Globe says that lIdies are f,)r.
bidden to step forth within the pre.
oints of Mr. John Morrissey's great.
and elegant garibling ' henso. This
veto was put upcn th ladies by t h
Young Mon's Chriitian Assocition,
for the purpose of paving the ladi:-;
and ruining the men or 119 would ap.
*poar most clearly to sensible mimd,
for the purpose of ruining both. For
how are women to hesaved if men go
to destruction I And -much more
certatn is the fait flint shniting tho
women out from any pleee where
nen congregato is the best ime'ans in
the world to abandon it to doubtful
fat o. A lady, however, - went into
John Morrisseyv's hour the etber day
anI looked it over. Sh11 Was nocom,.
pied by a highly agroeable aid in.
telligent Southern gentleman to
whom she i.- greatly indebted for a
imito explanat-ion of the work ings
of Ghii institu(tion, its follien and fAI'.
Igs. The house i mnagnificent in
frescoing, carving, fiurniture, cut
glass, carpots and chandeliors, he
yond anything that can probably b
alen in this country. Tlhe c.Ard
tables -were covered as it was very
early in the morning, so shE was da
prived of witnessing the games. 'Tlhe
most extravagrant and costly food is
served hero on plaito of silver and
gold. Tho waiters ore, the best
trained. Here is tho- Ofiwe where
(ho business of the raeing is done,
the pools bought and sold. One
looks upon the whole thing, takes a
realizing senso of it1 all, and exclaiis,
"What an elegant and superb hell I"
brinkiing impure Water.
Set a pitcher of iced water in t.
room inhabited, and in a few hours
it will have absorbed nearly all the
perapired gases of the room, (tie air
of whioh will become purer, but the
water utterly fiftly. This depends
on the fact that water has the faculty
of condomning aid thereby nbsorb
ing nearly all the ga es, which it
does Without increasing its own bulk.
The colder the water is the greater
its capacity to contain these gases.
At ordinary temperature, a pint of
water will contain a pint of cnrbonio
acid gas and several pitts of ammonia,
This capacity is nearly doubld by
reducing the temporptnro to that, of
ice. Honce, water kept in (lie room
awhilo is always unfit for usc, and
should be often removed, whether it
has becomo warm or not. - And for
the same reason the water in a pump
should all be pumped out in the
morning before Pthy is *It:4. 1'That
which hans -,tood in a pitcher over
night ii not/lit for cofTee water in \ho
morning. Impure water is mhre :a.
jurious to health than impure air,
and every person should provide the
menns of obtaining freeh-,- pure water
for all domeatia uua:-I.change.
Mobile wan excited 4 few d 'ys ained
over what threatened to be a serions
orngedy between a handsome woman,
and a gentleman who was so drunk that
he begomo erazy. - By request their
namRes are not published.
--The Birmingham iNews goes
for .t'ho R.'eferend~ gentleman who ranr
awny from that plaoo when the cholo
r-a broke out.
The caterpillars arb ejhre-.ding
around the nnighborhood of Solma In
immenne numbevu. The planuters nro'
ti'oub led-g:-eatly, and trying to devise
conmo way by which they enn be do.
*1). J. p'owere, a:young inon, cit izen
of Mobliloh killed himself !Fri'ey night
by taking enrelessly an over-deso
Thiere is to 1o iv g reirU reunion of
the Alabaima Confeds at Clayton en
the 24th of' July. There is to Ibe a din
ner and some speech making.
Converting Colorndo Dksert into anl JM
*'Thae San Diego Union states that a
party, with a completo outfit for a
slay in the field for eight monthr, ln'a
left, that city on an e~xploration of' the
great Colorado deslert., with the view
ofe neeert'iingu the feasibility of con
verth:.g it into an inland 1ak.e, by
turning in upon it the watora of the
Colorado River. It seems to ns that
this is a business about whinli 13nela'
Sam himself ought to have nominethiung
to ray. Bunt it' the interests ('f 'coa
merce-and -the pl'ogress of ci viiia in
demand it, it does net make muoch>
difference wh~o accomplinsthe . work,'
whaethevr i6 be dor a by' rivame p'artios
'ir by the government,.
AThe 'nowspiipera -'thre'ghouit thei
whole country are'ntill harping eiver
the insobriety of theo l'reisdont.
[6 is ecessively stranige that his E'x -
celloncy enn't get on a harmless spree,
throp or -'four timeg a day, withouit
getting into all the papers. lie is,
boutnd to- beeome famous, however,,
and havingefalled in everything else,'
he is trying to triumph over Johne
Barleycorn, and then, hike Alexander
of old, we auspect that he will gob
'nmaudhing- .drunk,- and cry, becq~uge.
there are no other wordlin to conmqer