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Williltms Davia, Proorietors.] A Family Paper, Devoted to Science, Art, Inquirv, Industry andL [Terms---$3.00 er Axnum, In Advanor
VOL. IX.i - WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNINGq AUGUST 6,18T3. NO
IS PUBLISthED WEEKLY BY
WILLIARig, & DAVIS,
Terms.-Tius HusnALD is pubJiglsj 1YWe~k
inthe Town of Winnsboro, at S3.00 in
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gg- All transient advortisements to be
Obituary Notlees and Tributes $1 00 per
A letter to the Now York Woidd
,gives the details of a desperate on
counter between two desperadoes,
"flugh 'iidersori,. qf Texas, and
Arthur MoClusky, of Kansas. Saver.
al years since Anderson shot three men
in a dance-houso and 'fled. 'One of
hese men was a brother of MoClusky,
and leClushy d~termined to avenge
%is death. McClusky disoovered An
derson at Medioini Lodge Indian
Territory, and challenged him to
deadly combat. The challenge was
accepted. The parties were to stand at
wenty paces, wheel and fire, and then
continue the conbat with pistol and
bowie knife. The discription is taken
'roin this letter.
McC'lisky was the 'first to fire
.wheeling as he did so, though the
smoke had scarcely curled up from,
his'pistol before the report of And.ecr
son's weapon followed. A moinen
tary pause. ensuied, each of the an
tagonists closely scanning the other to
note the effect of the shot. A.oross
'Anderson's chock a deep furrow, froi
, wbioh the blooa slowly began to
trieko down, told the work of his an.
tagonist, while MoClusky remained
standing in his original posture, to:
'11 appearances unharmed. But this
was not the fact. Those nearest to
hi, fancied they saw a sudden spasm,
as of pain, pass throtrgh. hie franie,
and his face certainly blanched to a
death-like pallor, but just where
Lthe ball took effect they could Tiot
At the secona ire MoClusky again
anticipated his opponent, and taking
a more deliberate aim succeeded in
3' breaking his left. arm., Anderson
uttered a sharp cry and sink on one
nee,but quiokly renovering himself
returned the fire, and thia time with
a horrible effect. The bAll passing
tbronglh McClusky's mouth, carried
away with it several of the clenched
,eeth and a porti6n of the. tongue,
finally odged.in 'tWe bas'e of the skull.
MoClusky staggered forward wildly a
few steps and made desperate efforta
to steady himself. The blood poured
u torrents from the wound and stain.
d his hunting shirt and dripped from
the muzzle of his pistol; but with he.
roio courage he contined to advan'oe,
'pitting out mouthfuls of blood and
teeth at every step.
. During the interval thus gained,
,Amderson, who, in his crippled state,
hadevery reason to shun a hand-to
bn4 encounter, had not been idle, but
fired aoother well-aiioued 'hotJ which
broke M4Clusky's left shoulder. As
if this was not enough, lie sent still
another ball after him, which, strik
ing him in the pit of the stomach;
paused him to fall forward heavily on
his face. McClusky was now mortal
ly #dnded and momentarily growing
weaker fr'dm loss of blood. Tearing
open his shirt in his agoby' a crimson
bpot on his left side indicated the
lace where Anderson's first shot had
taken effect. ie .still, however, re
- kaindA the grasp of his pistol, and by
an effort superhuman in its coolness
hnd deliberatida fired att hifi attago
hist his third shot.
The latter had been eldsely wvatch
in for this, and endeavored to savo
himself by suddenly dropping to the
grounid, Too late, however, Mc
tilusky's finger was already on ,the
trigger and his eye long the sights;
aud when his adversary'a body reach.
ed thd earth it iias lieavitr bf a Colt's
plstol ball. A scream of pain follow
- ' bd and the spectators saw the figure
pf a man clutching wildly with his
liands at the grass and writhing and
t#isting in hotriblo boutortiods. The
bullet had strucli him full in the ab
domen anid like lise antagonist, An
derson was now a fast dying dhan.
At this juneture it seemed as if the
browd would interfere, but IIardling
sternly bade them keep back and
leave the men to settle thie matter i
their own ways As none cared to de
pute with the gtgantio hunter, the
mandate was obeyed, though a univer*
gal expression of horror ran through
the crowd of spectators, a number of
whom were the' entgineers and attach
es of our own party. Still, horrible
as was the scene, go' one thought of
?ea'ring the spot. An irresistible fas
cination to see it out bound one and
all alike to tbe blood stained locality.
But the finale was at hand-the cur
tain almost ready to drop.
MoClusky,anummoning by a supreme
effort his remaining trength, drew his
tnife aiid began to crawl feebly in
in the directiou of his antagonist.
The latter, who had raised himself to
a sitting pobtuife, saw the movement
and appeared to meet it. Both bad
dropped thoie revolvers, leaving to
tho cold steel the completion di the
By this time it had growil quite
monts of the combatants required the
closest attention. Anderson was,
clearly unable to move any poi tion of
his body save his right arm. With
this lo raibod his knife aloft, and ws
MoClusky crawled up to within reach
dealt him a'torrible blow in the neck,
outting muscles and tendons and vones,
and half severing the head from the
But the effort was too much for him,
and leaving the weapan sticking in
the wound, he pitched heavily for
ward on his face. Every one sup
Fiosd that this blow would. have in
stantly killed M 'Clusky, but stran-e
to say it did not, for so great was his
vitalit.y that before falling he twice
plunged his own knife the body of
Aqderson. The talo is soon told.
McClusky lived a minuto longer than
his antagonist. The. dead bodies
firmly looke, in each other's cmbra.e,
were taken to the house of Harding
and laid out side by side on the gam.
ing table, A crimson trail marked
the path of those who carried thi
in doors, and pools of blood indica
ted the scene of the late conflict.
There was no gaming that night. Tho
hunters aiid Indians appeared to find
qxcitemcnt enough in talking over
the events of the day without having
to resort their usual pastime. About
eleven o'clock the moon rozo, and the
bodies ivero taken out for buri.
al. There were no funeral cere.
monies, but Job Harding remarked
as the mufflied fo'rms were lowered
into the grave, "There go two as brave
men as ever li'ved.." They were
buried deep 'o keep the wolves and
covotes from digging them up, and]
the earth was heaped up in a little
mound to iark where they sleep.
Aiid then, with the r nht wind whis
pering a soft requiem over the dead
men's graves, and the moon shining
sadly from her distant sphere in the
upper ether, the crowd slowly dispers.
ed, and each one sought his couh.
Maine Democratic State convention
meets in Portland August 12.
Mississippi Republican State Con.
vention, at Jackson August 27.
New York Colored topublican
State Convention, at Saratoga Au.
bohio Allen County New Departure
Liberal Republican Convention, (o
lumbus, July 30.
Butler's chances for the gubernato
rial chair of Massachusetts are said
to be on the wane.
There nre over 10,000 watering
place hotels and summer boarding
houses in the Northern and Eastern
The custoin of throwing rice after
9 bride is Chinese. The custom of
throwing the boot-jack after her is
Out of 3900 men who served in Gen.
Hood's Texas Brigade, less than 300
are now living. The survivors meet
eVery June, for a dinner, speechos,
A Pennsylvania preacher, while
holding service recently, gave thanks
for the prosperous conditions of crops,
"excepting, 0, Lord, the corn, which
is backward, and the oats, which are
mighty thin in spots."
A revolving light has been invent
ed, to be attached to the rear of
trains, by which engineers behind can
tell by the speed of their rotations as
shown ly the succession of different
edlored lighats, at what rate of speed
the trains are moving, and when they
ar'e at reilt.
An int'elligent Aberdeen preacher
recently took for text, "Adam, where
art thou ?" and divided his subject
into three parts :lst, All men are
somewheore ; 2d, Somie mcen are where
they ought not to be; and third,
Unless they take care, they will find1
themnselvdg where they would rather
A Philadelphia surgeon was called
the other day to a house up town to
amputate the leg of a woman. Hie is
a near-sighted man, and when ho
reached the houso he got into the wvrong
room and calmly sawed off the limb
of the servant girl, w~ho wassa dorman,
who had come over two days ' efore,
and who thought it was one of the
customs of the country.
There is at 49 Franklin street,
New York, a "Labor Exchange for
Italian Emigrants," connected with
which is Gen. A. J. Gonzalcss who
was for many years a cit izon of this
State, whoe ho served during the
war. Although established only re
cently, the exchange has already
found employment for many Italian
laborers and artians. A colony is
now making ready for the "Port
Royal Direct Trade and Colonization
Killed by Lightning.
Mr. Sohiumpert, a young man liv
ing near Chappell's Depot, on the
Greenville and Columbia Railroad,
was killed by ligh-tuing, on Sunday
afternoon. Hie was returning from
,hureh when the fatal bolt struck him.
A. T. & 0. Rallront.
Oa Tuesday last, some persons i
the interest of what is called the
MoDowell Board of Directors, went,
to the Depot at Statesv ile an hour
before the arri val of Conductor I and,
got into Cho train through the window
and took posscs.sion of the road under
the authority of the new Directors.
The Raleigh Sentinal thus conments
on this violent seizuro of the road
RALi.noAD FIGHiiT.-Tho Charlotte
Observer gives an account of the un
lawful taking of tho railroad fton
Charlotto to Statesville, from Col.
Johnston, the president in poseimssin.
This is just the way Tom Scott and
Uarrett, of the Baltimore & OIio
road, fought some time ago except
Garrott and Scott called out armed
mlei. Garrett and -cott armed their
omployees with Sharp's rifles and re
volver" instead of picks and spades.
Toni Scott's force being too large' for
Garrett, flankod him and torc up the
If Col. Johnston should talho out a
rail or two between Charlotte and
Statesville, as Garrett dii, it would
work ,erious injury to the public.
We trust the whole community wil I
not bo involved in this quarrel, which i
should be contiued to a few. Instead
otf arming two or throo ihu ndred men,
Tomn Scott, and G arrett siould havei
been required, with revolvers, to sec
whose title to the road was best.
1'he late war wight I.ivoc been avoil
31 if the people bad required Holden, i
Llod man, Cantuecll, Ilargrovc, Beau- <
regard, Longstreet, Musby and oue t
uidred such, to fight it out with :a t
ike number of Northern mne-, such
isSeward, Giddings. and the men (
who wanted a new Coustitution and a 1
lItble. This arrangement wouldi
avo saved a deal of blood and rid t
,oth sides of war-makin - men. G ive t
as "peace,'" and abuvo all give u Ia w. t
V ithont, law, you may say ''pence,
?cace," but there can be n.0 peace.
''he Charlotte Observer has the I
,ollowing in regaid to the tempor and
spir it of the new administration :
"The new administration do not
p'ropose mal.ing any changes in the I
oneral operatiors of the road. In a
ouuversation with us on yesterday, t
MIr. McDowell alluded to a rumo'r
hvhiieh has gained some currency, thatv
ie is under the influence of the South- s
rn Security Conapany, and that
through the influence of the t coir pany
Lie was elected to the presidency cf
the road. Ile sriginstized the report
an false in every particular, and au
thorized us to say for him1 that he is
aot governed in his act ions or feelings
by any man or combiintion of men,
ind that aniy report to that elffect is
6vithout foundation in fact. Ie Ic sys
bic proposes to manage the road1 in
Ahe interc:t of the stockholders
.hoo whu built; it, and for the good
>f Statesville and Charlotte, Iredell
ind Mecklenburg, and not in the in
,erest of any individual, ring or com
binanation. Mr. McDowell's simple
word is an ample guarantee of good
faith among gentlemen to whom he i
The 1ht16 iN the lloon,.
The origin of the expremsion the
"Man in the Moon" is unknown, but
the inme has from time immemorial
been applied to the dark lines and
spota upon the surfiice of theo moon,
which aio visible to the ui..ed eye,
and which, when viewved through a
good telescope, aire discovered to be
the shadows of lunar mountains, 1t
is one of the 'most popular and most
ancient superstitions of the world that
these linen and spots are the Ii gmi:e of
a mlan leaning on a fork on whicli lho
carries a bundle of therns or lbrush,
wood, for stealing which on Bunday
lie was confined to the moon. The
reount given of -.t man who was ston
ad to death for gathering stieka oin
Sundlay, is supposed by some to be
the origin of this belief. D~ante sup
poses Cain to have been the off'ender
whlo was placed etcrnally in the moon
for punishimeint of his crimge. Some
of the old poe0ts thought the~se upots
and lines represented the boy Elndy
mien, "whose comnpany the tuoon loved
so well that rhec carried him constant.
with her." Other ancients thought
thcy represented a foxt.
A frighitful and disgust ing stor:y ia
told by the Colleton (S. C.) Gaette,
to the effect that Governor Moses of
that State has men in his employ
whose business it is to inveiglo young
girls of respectability into his apart.
mentsa that lie may use them for his
beastly purposes. Au instance is
furnished of where thme beaistly
scoundrel met a young girl of fifteei
of extreme beauwy and of undoubted
virtue. Advances were made to hear,
but she repelled thiem. Determined
to accomplish bis purposes, Moses
bought the girl fromi her inhumaan
mother, and every day she was
carried in a close carriage to
his apartments. If half that its
told be true this scoundrel should
be driven from thme State with thme
scormn arid oxeerataini of ovcery decent
During thme month of June, there
were one hundred and Ltwenty-.nine
deaths at Augusta, eighty-eight being
children unider the ago of fourteen.
The scoon.d pairngrtpaph of sc'l in 6
of article I of the Cots. itut-ion ol thu
United ates 5roAs as iolUws :
"No inuator uf I 'o.pr italive shall
durihng the ine for whii he was
Clec!td, be appOnted to any civil
"fioo under the aitholi:y of tho
Uniited S:ates, whih shall havn bcen
created, or the cmolumeni, whereof
sill havo beenit iliOrca.d d-inguh
thne ; and noi) person holding an o ico
under the TJeited States shall b a
member of either Ilouso duiig his
Uonitinuance ill oflie."
And thereby . biigs a t:Ie.
Alhiong the malaries inereased.-, dur
ing the last sessi)n of on ,. was
Ihat of the Chief Ju1itice of tie Su
prete Court. At least (11-00 of the
3pirants for thu pl :--Senators
Ed murids, Carpenter arind Frehngby
cn---are incligible. Th formor did
lil in his power to defeat tie .dary
merease, while Mr. Carpenter not
)>uly supported it in Congress, but he
lai latterly takcn the i mp ill its
IceCC. His goose is cooked, how.
aver, for his present Senatorial ter m
,egan inl March, 1861.), and doe. not
mid until P375. Senators Conkling
id 11owo aro cligihle, because their
>reSetF1. (1trs begin o i the 4th of
at Miarch, or ater tb d isreputa.
>o jRb was an aox30im lied fact.
\r. Caripenter's r .:ceent :,pecch. will
lot help him out, a..d;,.( must standf
side flor Ii 11(1oe forl unato es;oci ates
a this latest piece uf plitical ini
inity. It is 'Omlie coso111tioni to kiow
hat the grab has turned up in a form
o lither its foremno:, :a lo0ist.
Tihe radary of every -oemLer of the
abinct wa1s raised at .h samtic timo.
I 'eretrty F1Ah 0hould tiro of
Iplimacy are tLere r n sevoral Sela
10r': whol y, ould mla!'(' -.:Y fa e " Ill
.n 1n1garded mom(lientt th', Ia VC
I rown away, all dichc of greater
It is sad to think r. John Sher
nail canot succeed Scoretary Rich
rdson, whon the G0raidt brokers and
uIoLt are try i1g to must, nor Canl
Ir. Oliver P. Mor:3ton huio to be
Premier during lhe rei n of our
e') 3. Tihec-salf-2.. aolute. pa.
riots have our proftounelst Comn
liser:'tion1. They m:t bie Contnut
rith their big belf-voted senatorial
alari.q until the people retvull themI
o privato life, which won't. bo long.
Cholera prevails uear T.it tle Rock.
L :-CSe i in th ten trade 11o( he .i...t
c .ror t 0 o' etimacd ai 6 $,o at, 0,000.
A biridal countie ero::sin3Z (Coy d's
dt.V., were thrownI down'a pl ecipice
70 flet. The bride h.d he.r collar
mOne and aro broken and 1ot sce
'al tet. No other diilaage) done.
A neo outrge a wid.iw lady
t B iply Tenn., and t'on foil asleep
1 her h(1. Hb oi'pe out ant
>rought i frieids who ire30a ted the
counidrel. 11o was drunk. Tie
)C>enlty is death.
T'le Coll r cs it tia I l1stri cls.
The 11eaaufort l.biuicann li-ari
hat Athe t mu A ion the L'gis
ature the .utbubt, of reconstcting
he Conr<:ionl hi)tii ets in tho
tato will lbe di.pool' of. Gteeal
miialls, ieu atenhan t.-GoveIrnor U Lcaves,
irnd (Gei.ral Whiiippir, 3 re the
cait'ing 'ian3 d iac'tefor Con gres.,
n t he bounidaries of the dis.
he organifnt/ ionis in t hte Wert: kno3wn1
is l'atrons~ .,f I! uand~ ry anid F'arm
n's' U ranges. Says the editor:
Th'Ie dlisaldvantages of the secriecy o
his secret (oder' of "Pa~3trons" an-1
3rlangei, a1te(. trst that it will,- of
'ig)oous nceOssity, orludie ftom ii it
ho ent ire body ol' fazi thf'ul C athol i.as,
,vho are' prohibited by t heir3 rel igioni,
i'rm joinling such a secet stocty.
IPhis~ exch is ion of Ca th ol ie will b l:a
"ial blow to the su1ccess of t he fatrm.,
ai the Northwozt, andl' thlose 'vho aire
ndentifiod with thema in inte res;t, atre
on largo a part of the classies intecrest
d to be0 d ispenised with.
Judge Ciaig, lately elected JTudg-e
>f the '~1 .8)rem C1(1(ourmt of lhIloil on3
ho F.armerd.s ticket, to his oflieial
>ath volunttarily midi litn impotnt
1laut.e., it which lie de'clared that he
spect to penous~e, iand tdo right to the~
pooir anid to the rich, without. delay,
3oniformozahly to the laws, wt ihot
Faivor, obij'ctio or30' u' parl(y an io
the hest of his jodg.ntt mid abil
(ies.'' l any formi ol wo'ds can so.
23ur0 justico lwm a~r JuS dge this ought.
Grace' G reenwoo.l relates as on ins~
s1tnCe (f thie exiratvaigance of New
Etngland hum tot' that wrhen a younlg
farmer's wife marde her first bon '
pants precisoly ao ample before a's fu
hind; the fat her exobohie-d, "Gho'd
ness I lie won't know whether -lhe's
going to school or coing home."
'lTho Shiah's mothoer is daad, rand is
dleeply regretted by tha i'ersians.
Hie had but one mother, though many
wives, and, therefore, feels the loss
TIhc Coultest for the Govetinorship of Vir.
A 1 e ha lh:n received it
Washi;hton fiom Ilesiry A. Wise,o
Yihginia, in uiciht lie 1:1ays that
ali ough lie Couibal not submit hi
name to the Re ,u lijcan Convention
frei the nominationi for (overnor, 3et
if the1y will abhtain from imaking any
nItiialtin he wVill tako the filid a
lin independent candidato against tle
Deiocratic no aince, and be I'eh
Sur-. that he wk.id be able to carry the
State ; that ill case of Iig clection he
would suipport the admin istration of
Geneeral Grant, its Ie believes he4 i.1 a
sintero. friend of the South and wvili
do wh0Ialever may lay in hi.s power to
promotc her properity. The Repub
lie'. Conivention will meet on July
30, at Lynchburg, Va., to make the
nomination for State oilicerj. The
Dumiocrats, or Conservatives,. as they
M1ore generally term thenmelver, mcet
itt .liehmond August G, for the same
purpose. It is understood hero that
Ifughes, the prescitt Uiited Statos
Attorney for the Western ,ditrict of
V irinia, will be the Republican
ninmieeLC. Ile married an adeotod
dau ghter of the late Governor Fioyd,
the ecretary of War under Buchan
an's ad miniAration. Ile was the edi
tor at one time of the Richiound Ex.
amttincr, a paper strongly in favor of
At the clo::e of the civil war he nc
cepted the situation and has acted
.iice with the Republicaln party.
Gen. Kemper, it is said, h:s the in
side track for the conservative nomi
natitn. He commaitded a brigade in
Le's irmy througout tho enti :o war,
in which he was coutpicuous for his
gallantry. The numerous wounds ie
iceived and his po.ullarity With his
old comrades, it is thought, will ren..
de; hint it strung candidate. Gene.
rol Mahone, tho railroad power of
Xir.-ginia, is waraly in Komper's
favor, and it i.s said lie will be able
to vo'.-aol tl Convention.
Mo-lby is in favor of Wiso as an in
depeident candidate, and will hardly
:iow v,;hat to do in case the race is
between I ughes : nd Kemper. There
I;e ra: rng Io pes expflressed here that
both Withe and Lyoett, the well known
of IRchinond, will take the
sinap in favor of the republican cani
dhlate in order to throw the 'tate on
the side of the administration. The
ctjit-st is beginning to attract atten
tioi in Washinton, nnd as usoon as
the cani. idate.; are tinounced stcps
will L taken to have 01e State
:1111111 1111d big 'i I rt k'1010o,
Thee two Indian ch iefs have been
pardiind I y the Preoident inud sent,
to their tribo. The whole moral
pr(.wer of the Gouveruiment had to be
rousght to bear -n the Governor of
Texas before he would coueut to ro
TheCse red scondrels were con
vieted in Septembier, 1,871, of mur
in 11g 1nd oalping half P. dozen
cit iz : of Te xas, Intn, wo.men and
chihen. Tliey( are set free to re.
new the. gamie, whilst between fifteen
And t wenty free white citizens of
8unthi Caroina, convieted of "con
tructive conspircy" by the U. 8.
(CourtI , are snte ring in the Albany
PeNni tentia ry, dyin~g by inches.
T1ruly, outs is a Government of
equatl rights antd happy paternity.
II atingt~/on .Jo'urnal.
Says 0ne of ouir Republican ex
chOIn'es: '-If General Grant cont
ducts his aduministration for the next
four yecars ats he hats in the past, we
canH se0 not objeoci.ion to continuing
liia ras our - lresident." Neither
w7ou1ld we, if' Orant's Ad ministration
suppor(ti'ed our patpert. Presidlent
Gr~anit no donbt inakes as g->od a
President it that paper warits. No
mant wouldl M~it it so wecll for the
tex t. ei ght or ten yeatrs. If' ho .is re..
elected tee v'ill [ 0 no0 need( of'that
piaper dapoabing. [t will be able to
live' atnd fastt eni thItrough a no ther four
years at the publie. crib.- Char. Ob..
A report is enttrent in New York
that Wmn. Al1. Tweed has c euapeud new
indicitrenuts through the rtutpid blun
de r or design i ont the piart of so)me
< fticial. Otn neemitt. of aL ce tain
freanuIt e nt t ranisactiota ini thIte ena-e of
i bill which was '"dllecd ont of t he
cit y, t he grand joyt uriee an'n r in
dictmenit aigatini TIweed, Ib.z'ei'ut
and ~a Williaum 1. K ing, Tw aed% pli
vale a. erel:r buvIdt t'hen'i the hill of
inid itien. wats re'tutrneda for the sig
insure of the f'oretani the namei: of
Tueeod was~ fouid. o. iti-d, ni'I the
inisthe if .such it, wt.s, (o.hi out, be
Tn her Balitimore lectuire, D)r. Mrary
WV alker tguinii deeb.red that nothing
iotnld inadntiee bo to abandlon her style
of dre:;u. Th'e Secretary of tho'1reas
nriy (ted dn't mnoney enough to
huyher off'. She spoke of herself as
the only woman in Baltimiorc dressed
properly for windy weather or ascend
ing a ladder.
-Victor Em~tanuol, it is reported, is
to be excommunicated by the next
nvclical of the 1opn.
"One lnndred DIllions."
Mr. A. T. Stewart is. worth one
hundred millions of dollars. That
hard fact is settled, in as far as news.
paper publicity and aiqvontory
t-aken just before. his -.voyago . to
lEutiropo can settle it. We do not
intend to speak of the responsibility
of such wealth, but to many A.T
S.ewart is, strange to say, tog weal.
thy to envy. The rosponsibility
concerns himself alone-the disposal
of such vast accumulations the geno
ral community. What to do with it
must be to him a most perplexing
problem. Ile has no children ; cares
little for his relations, and friendship
does not extend to bequenting one
hundred millions even from Damon to
Pythias. Stewart's wealth is pro.
bably his master. It is a manifest
fact that no one can know 'what to
do with so knuch money. It is said
that he himsolf was surprised when
he saw the total of that, inventory,
and well lie might be. He cannot
use it., and it has become such a force
of habit to accumulate, that his visit
to Europe is sqiil to have. one primary
object-to make some more money.
lie is determined that the foreign
branches of tho house of A. T. Stew
art Co., shall equal the New Xork es
tablishment. And he is the man
who once said that his magnificent
New York- residence and all his im
mense wealth only gave, him shelter
and food.-Char. News.
The Sun says that the Saratoga ex.
press train, leaving Troy at 10:15
A. m., on Thursday, was fifty minutes
behind time. The engineer, a daring,
reckless follow, was bound to make
up lost time. Ile had previously run
his engine andsix cars.from Saratoga
to Nc w York inside of five hours and
sixteen iminutos, and yesterday he
beat the best time ever made between
Troy and New York. .. I
Commodoro Vanderbilt was ou
board. ie was vexed because no
nmoking car was attached to the
train. Ilo was provided with a well
filled care of fragrant Havanas, and
occupied a elest in the baggage car
uear the engine.
The train left Troy at 11:55 A. b,,
and made good time to Catskill. A
crowd of sporting men got qff at tlijs
station, and said they did not want
any more rlding 1.lie it.
On leaving Catskill I . colorcd por
ter smiled andosaid, "Now we going
to go, I specks ; the oid gentleman
On flew the iron horse, rushing,
snorting and puffing smoke at a fea:
ful rate. Tho lady passengers gav.
an cecasionatl "O, my," while -the
speed was increased from thirty.five
to forty, and then to fifty-fivo miles an
hour. At the curves Commodorl
Vanderbilt would give an extra puff
to his cigar, and cling to the box with
The Soutiern Census.
The superintendent of the consus
sont out- about three months since cir
culars to the census takers of 1860 in
the Southern Stntes, notifying them
that congress had autlorize4 the pay,.
ment of the balances due them on a
proper rendering of their accounts.
The responses wore very prompt, and
the assist ant superintendenmt of the
censusi, to wvhomn the work of adjust
ing and settling up the accounts was
entrusted, has just -completsd
the samne. The accounts, whioch
numb'er' between eight and nin.q
hundred, have all been adjusted .and
lianded over to the fifth auditoi- of
the treasury for payment. Many of
them have already been paid to the
parties themselves or .their. leggl
rerso entiatives n the rema~inder
wvill b liquiae ssoon as the pro
per preelf of indemnity is furnished.
The New Orleans Herald, in a late
issue, claims that the unification
schemo in as dead as a dgor nail. .This
is abguxt as inear an establishod fact as
any which has been or can be affirmed
in these tin'es of fluotgatign and
chmango. 'Phro aro various proof's of
this fact. Among these is the sudden
andl ver~y unexpecte4 declaration of
the P'icayune anainst the scheme.
Thme proprietors and directors of its
publication had been conspicuous In
the initiation and support of the
movement. In the trial of the libel
r-uit oif llawkins vs., Plea yutne, It was
stated .that L(o sliieetor yl ladecommit
ted the paper to the support of ithb
muovement. It is obvious that since
then a great change has come over
the opinions of the directors.
Twenty-two Chinese, females,
brought by a steamer on Tuesday,
from Hong Kong, were sold at publbe
auction ini the Chinese quarter of San
l"rancisco on Wed nesday. Young
girlIs brought as high as $450 each,
and imile aged and old women from
$f00 to $200 ech.
Wes Allen uneonditionally surron
dered at Sing Bing on, Wednesday,
and was removed to a cell where lie
can dlo no harm, and will be taken to
Auburn in the next batch, lie had
threatened to explode a oan of nitro
while limmfgrajlin to ihe'89*66.
in arecent issue of the Economst
twas sOpwn thaA the .publio landi
have all been sold.or .grantOd away.
.n. view of this fact, the iluestion what
dirotion the.vest current of immigrs.
tion that daily 'paeg , thro B Nw
York qhall take becomes interesting.
A4n4 for the proseqt, we urlbesitipiqgly
reply, Southwardj ,qs, Southward ;
and Southwardit wili go if the land
,holdegrp o( the Zoith are wvise., Tho
wq.r dep ved thpnm of their eslAre
and political rougues havo -rotbbel
them Since ; but .theyyet have fortunp
in their grasp-they need but to se
and sieZe it. Tho meansaare 'inplQ,
Nearly evegTy lpndo%yaor .holds largo
traotq that be , ihaq neither men nor
money to,. work 'pro'prly';.and the
taxes on these tracts must comooun6
of his liwited re ly ogsh tqpans. The
remedy is this: Let him otor to timp
such portion of his real estate as ho
cannote d~qelop .hinqief to any. oup
who will in goed faith *ettle ,thereog
and opiltvago or otb.riso ,improvp
it ; taking cAre to deed..the land wi4h
reversion to himself in case the gran.
tors fail to improwe. .'Thus he will
relieve himself of a:.burdo.n, icrqasp
the population . of his diotrict, and
raise the yalue of th.e estate which he
continuos to hold. ., fy'Ludli9s, mat -
agement of this sort nearly every
owner of land, whom the misfortunep
of recent years have impoverilied,
may yet recover the fortune that once
was his, aid, After Al l1e,, trouble,
pass his de qlining years .in prosperity
and ease. if he complains of the rob
beries committed on, hium.by ,oarpe
baggers, and scalawags, the remedy. is
in his own hand% and consists in invite
ing to his State a whito., jppulatiQn
whose intelligence will ronder- such
s'9jiat gn impossible. The worl1
wants..th .South'a cotton, sugar and
mineral wealth ; vast regiotioin tho
*outh Are now awaiting the Aqvolop:.
ment that slavery no longer forbids';
and it is for the South herself t6 say
whether she , will use the golden.op.
portunity. The tendeucy, if the new
gro race to beoomeistationary, or even
todecreqse in.ndmbor or become ex
tinet perhaps makes a policy of this
kind especialy urgent ; ifok ,thisfact
make .ilidont timat this., race can"
not he depended on for any additioa
to the present development of the rer
gion it inhabi,ts., Nor,neqd the white
ipm.igrantlfair the. competition of his
sable brother. The effect of centuries
of ignorance cannot be. effeced in ,
few generations;. and .thp faturq. will
probably see the colored. y'dpulation
occupyin gIie i7nps gnd less, acces,
sible portions ofthme nolk while wbitq
mon develop the .,rasoursoes of the
countryl. The completion of a com
peting line between New Yolk and
Washington, and of the %beshpeak6
and ghio Road Siteh additional facil
ities In tiqrofuturp both to immIigrao
tion and the marketing.of the'fruit qf
imup.igrants' labor.-Netw York Econ
England's Income. .
The revenue returns of England,
for .the year .ending with June ...90th
lost, show a total in'omo from all
sources of $379.481,885, as compared
with $381,330,190 foitho preceding
year. Thcre, is a decrease of not
Iqnite two millions1.the , nearly equal
sums received for the two yearp show.
ing. the, stopding~ of.thie Enlglishi rbve
nude.. D4irlng the 'last year several,
reductions of taxation went into effect,
so, that our English~ bretlhr9e svea
similar stesfactioutwith..ourselves iti
knoiwing that the revenues of both
coant~ries aseg up, notwithstanding re,
duced -taxation. The chief so, rosu
of the English revenue for thd plist
yoar were nedirly ofio, lin~rpil and,
fivo mil lions of dollars from customs,
one hundred and thirty millions
from excise duties gfty gailllonsfromi
sales of stambs, th nrtyofive nmllions
from, the property and income tax,
wlvmilions from the land tax and
house dth twatity-fouu inillions from
the postofflee surplus, and nearly five
inillijons from the 0arnitsgp of the pos
tal telegraphs. Dutring the last -year
tljo,,.excise, .stamps and land taxes
yielded a considerable intergase over
the pgeceding Glear the decresse be.,
ing mainly -in the property and inoowq
tax, postoflice and telegraph serviool
A National Ficture,
To the Editor of thme New York S
B$m--I piopose to mati a m4ia l
picture. Iwant the..g' , aid. If
the photographers througi ft the land
willeaph send me a picture of their
respective .s Congteamen, I will ar
range all who, haveo taken their back
pay, stqal,, those who voted for it, and
those who let it lay, including ou/t
illustrious President, whose signature
a9d Ipfluenco made it a law, int. a
group, and send one to every pron'ii
nont city in the United States to bed
hung in their Rous alr
Wv M. UTHERrORD,
Hrwmmonton, N. .
Still Another Co ii~ildliff.
A merchant UsI 200'bale of eo#k
toh, 400 poundsi ,,peb~l -foe $5,64h,
and finds that he hap gaed a~it the.
same per cent, on each, pdupd as the
pound. of.,cotton s#.. Nowj, yhat
wasn the cost, ,of wh)at t " o 'ntag'g
of' :i'i; for botfi are alII -