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Wiliains & Davis, Proprietors.] A Family Paper, Devoted to Scronce, Art, Inquirv, Industry and Literature, [Terms---$3.00 uor Annum, In Advano
VOL. IX. WINNSBORO., S. C.,SD I OCTOBER 15,1873. [NO. 17
IS PUAIJ~bAlft WEEKLY HY
WILLUAAss & DAvIs.
rerms.-Tic HUNRALn is published Wee
in the Town of Winnsboro, at S6,0 i
s &riably in advance.
Si* All transient advertisements to b
said in advance.
Obituary Ottoute and Tributes $1 00 pe
Help the Stricken Poor.
Thi Att anta ConstitUtion publsh,
6d ou last Sunday, the following ap
peal, which our people may take t<
eart, as well as the citizens to whon
it was addressed.
The situation of Memphis in teirrii
ble. The dreadful fever has exten.
dad to ovory part of the city, with s
certainty of oontinued increase unti
frost. It is a most ialignatit typo o
the genuine yellow fever of the trop
los. Dr. Luke P. Blackburn of Lou
isville, who has heroially taker
charge of the Walthall infirmary$ say1
its path is so plain and patent tha,
all can trac it. A circus componj
brought it fron Mexico to Shrove
port, distributing the poison on thoii
Way through Texas. The tug-boal
Boe brought it from Shreveport t<
Momphis, The Captain of the tug
died a few miles above NJ emphis, nand
his body was brought to the city
One of the crew came ashore with th<
fever, and a kind hearted old Irish
man took hin in. The sailor lived
but a few hours. The generous Rile2
moon sickened and died, and one aftel
another of the family was stricker
down until all were taken by th<
rapacious monster.--From Riley'
house it has spread to its horrible and
Twenty-live thousand of the
Wealthiest citizens have fled, leaving
their property in the charge of ser.
vants, who have also generally lied,
and heartless burglars are said to be
reaping a rich harvest in the inest
residences of the city. The citizen
comnittcc have appouled to the
wealthy refugees in vain, says a spe.
nial dispatch to the Courier Jourunl.
The city treasury is empty.
The Howard Association would
have to disband and discharge their
nurses were it not for a donationa ol
fifteen hundred' dollars from the
banks and insurance companies.
This donation will soon be exhausted;
The number of new cases in poverty
stricken "Pinch" alone, on Friday
morning, exceoded two hundred and
fifty. Most of these are doomed, fol
there are no'. physicians nor nuisos
enough to attend them. Men of At
lana, will you tot heed the cry for
help that come up from our sistei
clty t Money is needed to buy food
for the destitute, pay the nurses and
bury the dead. Go to churoh to-day
ohristian men and women of Atlanta,
prepared to aid the scourged city ir
her terrible necessity. Thern is na
help for her poor except uhat wn
come from abroad. Let our response
to-day be noble and generous.
OrIgin of the Hodoes.
The Charlotte Obseaver gives the
following bit of archaeology.
With tho execution of Captair
Jack and his braves, the name whicb
he has rendered so famous, will, per
haps become eatinct. It is the
death blow to the Modoc tribe.
The origin of the tribe is very ob
seure, It is possible that they are
of Welch descenmt ; and several een,
turies before Columbus had peformed
his perilous voyage, their ancestors
sailed from the shores of Britain, ex
plored the wild paths of the Atclav
the, and finally landed on the coast
The historieal facts on which thia
supposition is bated, are these, which
we gather from the preface of South
*y's " Madoo :"
On the death of Owen Gwyneth,
'King of Wales, A. D. 1169, his chil
dren disputed the succession. Yor
wreth, the elder, was set aside with
out a struggle. lie was incapaoitated
by a blemish in his face. David
the eldest son of the King by a see
ond wife, obtained possestsion of thet
throne ; sle w Yor wreth, im prisoned
Rodri, and bunted others of his birth
run into exile. Madloo abandoned
his barbarous country in disgust
and sailed away to the WVest in searell
of some better resting place. Th<
land which he discoverd pleased him
he left there part of his people, and
wont back to Wales for a fresh sup
ply of adventurers, with whom hi
again set eail, and was heard of n<
more. Strong evidence ha~s been amd
duced that he reached Anmerica, oa
that his descendants finally settled or
the banks of the Missourl.
It is highly probable that thi:
Prinoco Madoe was the ancient pro
genitor of the Modoc tribe. They
certainly resemble Welsobhnen in on,
thing :bravery. No savage warrioG
ever possessed more cool, unflinehinj
courage, than Captain Jack.
We undorstanid that the Hor
Henry E. Hlayne, Seoretary of Stat
entered the medical School of th
South Carolina Universitiy on yestei
day, and was warmly reoeived by tm
faoul and the students.--Union
in Mmory of rof. Miles A. Farrow.
When, ripe in years, the aged man
iscalled to lay osido these "Mortal
coils" and meet the inexorable hours
of dissolution, the friends of such an
k one, though filled with sorrow, if por.
n 1esed of reflecting minds, can often
disedver muth to s othe the stricken
e heart, in the fact that death'3 victim
haRy to all human appearance, fulfillI
r ed the mission of bumanii destiny ; or
perhaps the thoulght, though a melan
choly oney that "the old uust die,"
admonishes them to cease their wail
ings and bow with submission to the
derees of Him who controls the des.
> tinies of men. But when we behold
i the young man, just embarking from
the quiet home of paternal affection
upon an unexplored future, flushed
with all of youthful hope, with a
6 thousand tender ties just springing
I into existence, calculated to link him
r with unutterable tenderness to the
objects of natural affooti-mne-wheul
such an one is out down in the prime
i of youthful manhood, our hearts :re
overwhelmed with the deepest an
gnish, for we are most forcibly re.
r minded of the precautions cotidition
of mortals and the ever fluctuating
character othuman hopes.
Since the hlet meeting of the Edu
tional Institute of South Ckaroliina, it
lis pleased our Heavenly Father to
call from our stuaks an esteemed
friend, an accomplished and eflicient
,oflicer, and a most ardent fellow.
laborer in the cause of education.
Our first Recording Secretary and
Treasurer, Miles M. Farrow, tafter
'serving the instituto for three terms
in succession. (a very high tribute to
i his cherihed memory,) has been re -
movhd from us in the buovancy,
freshness and promise of Touthful
In pursuance, thereof, to an em)o
tioni that prompts us to do honor to
departed worth, he it
Resolved, That whilc we how with
submission to this dispensation of an
Alkwise providence, we deei it prop.
er to pay this wourn ul tribute to the
memory of our esteemed friend, the
late Miles M. Farrow.
nesolved, That in the death of our
worthy Scoretary and Trutsurer, the
Educational Institute of' South( Caro
lina has lost noie of its most aCOem
plished, zealous, useful and pronis
ing members, and the State one of her
Reslved, That the Institute here
by tenders its warmest sympathy to
the family of the deCesed in this
the day of their sad visitation.
Re.volved, That . bltik page in tile
minutos of the l sitote, suitably
iniserihed bo dedicated to the
meniory of the deceased, and that
a Cupy of this prenmble and
these resolutions be forwirdedl
to the family of the decoa.sed and
furnished to the Columli a an Winns.
boro papers, with a request to pub
lish tle ilic.
Done by order of the Educational
Institute of South Caiolina, August
21, 173. 13. F. 1 I L IAE,
Secretary pro tent.
Heavy Bank lDealcation inl Iowa.
DUBUQUE, IowA, Oot. 4, 1873.
An iivestigation into the affairs
of the suspended Merchants' Uuion
Bank by the diretorsa shows that a
system of frauds have beeni perpetra
ted uponi the stockholders and pa
trons by the olhicers of the batik,
which has never been exceeded in ny
concern of its size. Thei amoi(unlt ab
stracted from thle bar.k reaches t he
sumi of $829,478 ; of this amount I.
W. Hi. hiellield, the l'residleat, has
obstain ed $62,l88, iad Baibbage, the
Cashier, $267,289. Thiese stuns
have been a bstracted by o cans of
notes and bills, by overdrafts, antd by
direct steals covered by false entries,
which latter have been nmdo nipon~
thme boo0ks to the amliount of $14 ,000,
which is all charged up to Babbsage's
account. They rep~rceot balances
which (lid not exist, amnd in other
oases we ro purely fictitious. The
dirctors publish a card in wvhich
they promise to make public a state
ment of the affairs of the banik to.
day. They say that every effort will be
made to s3uuro all the property pos
sible to cover the amiount of the im
mense frauds and startling dlefalea-.
tion, and thant prompt steps are b~e
ing taken to realize speedily the
greatest amount that can be made
cut of the property.
Bhy unaniubons vote of the meet
ing, at which two-thirds of the stock.
holders represented, the bank has
been put in liquidation and its affairs
will be wound up.
-A recent shipm'eont of fatted cattle
from New York, consigned to an ex.,
Stensive cattle dealer in Scotland, has
established a precedent which promi
a ses to be extensively followed by
-other dealers ini England and Scot
land, provided the ocean-going steam.
s era can 1)0e oged to carry live
ratook. The fanmine prices which heef
has been touching from time to time
in England, is said to have inpuced
speculators to look aroand them for a
. means of increasing the supply, and
s among the many expedionts which
e have been resorted to, none pronuises
-more extensive patronage than that
e which aims at supplying the muarket
-from the vast prairie lands and feed.
inn districts of' thme United Stcatecs
j "icen lilnkrupt Since the First Shove
S of Dirt was Taken tint."
A correspondent of the Chicag<
Tibune who hia been up in Minnic
sota for the ptst year investigatitn
the manngement aiid future prospect:
of thu Northern Pacific Railroad
tells some Igly thinga about the roni
and its prij-:ctors. 1 o says :
"The Northern Pacifio Cou npaj)N
never hand any financi l standing ; it
has becu bankrupt sioen the day tin
first shovelful of dirt was takni o ut
And if the people had investigated
the proepects of' the company they
would not to-day be holding hun
dreus of thousands of dollars of it.
worthlvss paper. For the last t w<
years the oily receipts the Northern
Pacific Company has hitt were from
the sales of land and its uriecured
watered bonds. There has not been a
s(odon of the twenty miles of that
In :d that has p:id its operating ex.
penses. And, whtile the head men of
the Northern Paoific have been keep
ing up a show of appearances fron
the mioney received from Its bon&
1nd its jnids, the operators
the laboring men-have gone
unpaid. I have met men ol
the Northern Pacific Railroad se
poor and so disheartened that they
were in a manner beggars; yet they
were Oi the pay-roll ts creditors of
th3 comnpany for months of wages.
"Other crimes against humanity
are justly laid at t1 - door of the
N orthern Pacile Coipany. That
company has employed smart, shrewd
yet uiserupulous iemen to visit the
deandinavian provinces and deceive
and inviegle tnone hardy sons of the
North into emigrating to its inhos
aLable, barren l1nds. A nd it is
opcr'ly asserted in St. Paul that 'Min.
Ateir G raioer, Granot's brother-in-law
has been one of of these paid agents
loindreds of uunndiuavians are scat
tered along the line of the Northern
Peifie Riilroad, living in mud
hovels and barely raising enough pro
visions in the short season to subsist
on during the long gloomy and terri
ble winter, with no market for what
littlo eurplhs aihny ny stint them
Selves to acquire -whose curses a to
loud and deep against the deception
practieed upoi them.'"
A remarkable scene was witnemsed
at thC Qucen county (Ireland) As
,zas a few days ago. Chief Baron
ligot was aOotut to sentence a mur.
derer to be hanged. Thc trial had
(ccupied fo'tiy-live dty.., and every
one wished to sue the l:. and oo:t
painfil c:ceo over. The prisoner
seelmeil also to deire to ha o ie
affir finished Pooin, for whenl tihe
Iudge had put ol th black cip and
h.id got us far as the name "Jame
M i ore," hie was intvorrupted by tie
prisoner who reqested him to be
quiick about it, for "lie was not
a it afraid." Unhi eding the intler
ruption, hif Lordship continued his
solemn sp-oeeb, whea the prisoner
agail interrupted hii, by shouting
in a Fruit voice and in an angry
Manm1o1r, "Come, make haste, I am in
a h nrry.'' It was in vain that. the
Judge attempted to explain to Moore
the awful im iportano of these words ;
which were spoken. le did not cire
all he wanted was to have the ma1t ter
ended ;sid he, I'll go down
below, and yotr may talk to
yourself.'' All throngh the epeech
of the Judge the prironer eon
tinucd ( to interrupt, thireatening
that~ if the i)enten1ce~i wa not soon prno
l)ounced, '"he'd pronouneo it hi imself."'
At. last, sceing that it was imposutsible
to make h any sornt. of impi ~re.-sion po
thle call ois brt hint hei ~ do'ck, Ba roll
P'igot, ini the~ uisuil form, sentenced
hi m to be lhangeid on the 8dh of Octo
Origin of th Sr'wing Mach inc.
A singular developmont is commat
niented in a special telegram from
New York with respect to theiven
tioun of tihe sewing machine. It trans
pires, it is alleed, that ini I'790 a
!man procured a patent in England
'or fastening tile soles of shoes to the
uppers, the plans of which, but r'ot
the~ specific itionis, included a device
v'ery much the u1 nme as tile son'iu?
umacisune, especially in tihe needle,
which Is the essential feature. 'I'his
fact has been uneart.hod~ by an ex.
amitnation of the platenit oflbco reports
publ ished by thle Enigl ish govern menit
in 1854. Its importanlce censists ini
the guestion wvhich it. gives rise to in
regard to the right, morally, to as.
sess a royalty utpon every sewing inn
chine that is maanufactured in this
country. Were that asserted right
ovorthrown it would destroy onie of
the most obnoxious monopolies in the
Jay Cooke &C.have mado up a
s ttement showing that they have got
about eighmt mil lion dollarts mrore thanel
they owe. Of this pretended sur plu.
liv e mil ilions five hunmd red thou.andv
aire in obligations of tihe Nort herri
Pacific Raiilroa., whiilu two millioni
and a half are in "scecond mortgage
railroad honda, stocks, &e.'' If' ti
is the best and the most dotailed
showing they can make for them.
eelv'O's, their ease is quito as desperatd
as anybody lias ever siupposedl.
ti ey pay twenty cents on the della
their oredittrs wvill be luoky.
The house of Mr. John Wright, on
A rsenal Mll, wao entred -on Monday
light by a colored youth, v.o at
tempted to carry off some arti'les, but
nto was discovered in time to pr'eveti
the laceny. We understand he was
tirst discovered by Mr. Wright-s sis.
.er, who tried to detin bir (ill Mr.
W. aanl-l bie aroused. Whle iislieef.
i:I him petty closely, e said lie
would come ba-k in the daiy lit, so
(h-it ,he might see better ard find out
who e was. But be didn't return
worth a cout,
Lust night, about 12 o'Clkk Mr. E.
13. Wells was found inl 'n Incori.ejons
A tto on Main street, just Ilow t lie
-itato louse, having beca teoribly
beitton tend his watch stolT. There
was one Fievero cut on the *'aek of his
head, one on his forohead mind one oi
his lip. I [o does not reme;i.ber hav
ing had any difficulty with any per
son, nor can le tell for ceitain who
assaniled him. His imptession is that
he was struck with biass hanekles.
The perpetrators of such ace out rage
should be ferreted out and w'c';'rely
A now York letter savs "The
trainstat-lantio balloon is 'to make
another attetupt at stimting niext
Tuesday afternoon, OAtober 7, if the
winid should rot be strong. It has
bee ct iiai'ed it d imensios from ote
hnidred nd te n to eighty feet in
diafacter, and the passengers will bo
Donaldson, am mwroiout ; Alfred T.
Furd, Fecretary and histri-in, au
Lunt, ni vigator for the hoit, inl case
of an eiiforced descent into the wier.
Mr. Wise will not be of the pa'ty,
nor will Mr. Orion, who hid arranged
with Wise, previous to the last at
tempt, to take him as a pas~wrger.
Ortona tatid th- t he had followed near.
ly every puimit under the -un, and
wished to clap tie limax by trans-.
oceant ballooning, The h.Oat wi~l
serve as the only car, aid part (if
the epace between it and the bal
loot will he inclosed with onvas, inl
order to prntect the traivellets from
the cold. 'hey will have a goiod
store of blankets and veiy thick
Tle Baltimore (azte Mrs 'It
is isaid that Parl-sonl r'eitfew vil
not he . candidate fo r eh.' ion to
the United Satcs Semnto, and th)t L.
lien thereof, lie pious ol] Ienl
mIan will tevive the Knoxille V 1i
The refiusal of Brotiet r1. Ito be a cai.
didate againt C:11 lit) du L . he Aat- Ili.
ted to thne s'amte moe:tt3 t hAt maende J'ek
decline his muju.or. U "dess he utn
bounded ul.,c -, vigir Slnpesn
al atbuse, and xho,-king hehl:my be
merits in a jourt ali-, I-: I.- to the
Senato will, in no *-.b "', bo the
Th'lie To wn G ra grs biac antnounced
the tollowing p1lat form:
Whereas, We hcli"e that when
a irtnri steals 1.- is a thief ; aI'd
Whet oas, A najority of p-lii. is
of bot/ pats-!s' steal ; no.-, therv
lieslrd, That we are tired of being
lIesolml, That it is a good time for
th i eve's to st anzd from a t..dcr.
In P'artis t he an h'~oritics are setting
so troik vigorruuly to restre the
ruined mlonumtent s. The P'alsais Roy
sal is progressing ra phlly, and will
inon lbe i tselt' again. hue me di ld ing
for the Vendomq C(hain-a splenidd
piece of wvorkmnash i p is titishedl, aend
the columnn is about to lie b~egun. The
TIuiler'ies anud the liotel de 'V illt-or'
ratthleri the remin i of themar' --'t ilso
in thle hands of t hes workment, but
several years will elapie hefor bey
Soutlh Carolinat lUnivrslly.
A\ t a mneetin of the Inty of the
fousth Ca.rolina Uniti'er-'y, on iMon..
(liy lai4, Dir. .\. Lal Brd a was unaini
musie'lv n!csted ch;arman for ono(
year. ~This coinpl imnitt 1) r. Latord o
~.eknowledgeud in h::a.daomie termus.
By res'luition, unainimonsatay paiss'ed,
the prot'ecaors ag-eed to relinquish
tuition focs.-Phr niz.
A mysterious~ dleath occurtred at the
colored Method ist c-o up meetinig,
nowv in progre.'s at Inittown, in
Col loton County, (on Sundsay morn
ina younig negro hoy', atb,ut ino*
teen years t old, was fournd deatd oni
tho caimp grondcl. N oth inig was
knowta of the ca1use of his death,
-ilthiough at coetom.r'sint rie-t wias
emnpaneled to inqire into the mtu.
"So yot' mother'(lead, is she !"' in.
qu iredl a bootllack thle ot her day of a
rather soletn facet Isid, whoi had
Colle back ithi his "kit after an tab
sence0 of a dlay or1 two. "Yes, she~ is,"
replied the boy, anid thten str'aightten
ing himnf up hto conitinujed, "Anid
dad (lid the right thincg by lier-.
seven tiere hacks thsni Mrs. -
had the othber day."-Detroit Free
Te New York Democratie State
Convention passed a resolution ex..
oluding fromt theo Democrsatio State
I l'xecutisve Comnmiittee fany (Congr@ss
men whto voted for or took back pay
An Unglish M'ry of An-rican Artih
On oie o'e:.sion 3Mr. E.i w in F.
rest, the a ytumg man, gave i ti
mlndos di-play of rva ly powerl
actin1g. 1i1 wvan' Upposiel to represeti
. Iomaun warrior, e'i to be attack
by asix iions of t detted jait y
At the iehen~vi! Air. l''.rr, so. fPurd
great dol f fAult wirb the !ac
who condesciied to play lith mtini'dO
They vere too t:a111e. 'T'hey d idi
lay h>ld of' im. They dTi't go
as if it were a i'al light, .r. niFO
rest tAomcd and tihratonol ; i
supers skulked aid e 'utedI. A
lenchiig the captain of the isup-ir i!
lired, inhs local 'ay, "Ver wi
ullis to be a bully fight, ('h F' "I do,
rIplied .1r. Forrest. "All ri ght,
rjoinied the cajptain, and the r
boa rsa i q it ly proceeded. In t
evening the litle tlatre was crow<
ed, and AMr. Forrest was euthusiast
cally re'ei ved. Whenl the fightin
scenj occurred, the great (re'gedia
tWok tho cotre of tho Ptage, anid i
six minions entered rapidly and dc
ployed in skirinihing order. A I tl
"Sevize himl !'' one minlion assulmn
pupilitic attitulo, and struck a blo
straighit fretu the shouhder upon th
prominent tnioe of' a Homnan hero, a
other raised him about six ineh,
from the Stage by a well directed kiel
the other made ready to rumh i
for a deo:itsie CusF. For a moenio
.\Mr. Forre;t stood hitOundad, b
broad chest heaviig v.4th i n!lge, hi
grecat eyes fl.aphing fire, his 14-.ar'd
e planted like c Alumlns upon th
-tagc. Thieni camiue a few winutes <
powerfuil acting, at the end of whiie'
Onec Super was Fef ,iioking Ih o.
foremost in the bans dru i in Cl1
orchettra, four were havin) ; thei
W(oInias (Ircried in thlie green1 ron1
and( onev, finldin)g himiself inl thle 1116
ru:hed out upon1 t lie rouof f tom (tie
tre an1id bholted "ire" at the top <
his ruice ; while Mr. Forre C., call.'
before the curtain, bowed Lis thai
palutin.gly to Che aliplauduligt autiienet
who looked IIpon! the whole af irt
part of the piece, aii .h-id neve
eenl F1loirest v. Uto r plendialy."
Ihow T wit' wAV .-appv#d f.!r a Lor
is thus told by the anI Faei-',
Coru."chek, the ian wht tok aill tho
pre:1igae of tho discovery that hIar
his tnime. hrid lots of'' money, hosu'
d !a:.) :,0a."] hie seIt clnt to finld
lovng onlenonto hrehis world(ll
o')om!.; with him. A Mr. Carter, li
ine n. a Covoo' anup, was peo,
blit Ie w'ts Iois.esuLd of Ai )(1ltng wift
uiid p ' the.' g 1 l thliat a fair ex
cloe~ vassrobi vry the(y mad1-e
0r 1e "):.'ei ve V it l io(r , (!vait 1 c
at -!'5 aind ',. ili innom!., inalik ;,
.:10(1 [ the 1i ;f0 % 1 1i0t o C ii1 i: Ill
iat ter .t ill i or.! hind i ( ( -tm ',
gave Cbler aI iln of .sue of u1h At Im
and 0:1rte' gave Contk a sia ila:
documn1 i t 0 ith ho usual guarante
th:St the aim:il was 4't.d, kind ant
trno, plA warraie.1 nt.a to i
Oith lIartess. Bit tie Ii!vel (4y of
tr:.Ntsation mo revolti'g to a uomni
ir aIy spirit ioun wero away, It
ColmstoCk's wife n1 nOnov lft t hil
about the tsm tim. ,Hoon aft v1'
left him. Comstck toId the wilte
th:-t he cold coinpel her to live id
hIimO it he 'close, an:d in prtoof, prod ut
Ced his bili ,f' :iale.
Sin~g Sing i. conltatlyI enddn
soWtutcne ite'ni to tho enrio'talies c
pit isen diseliline, buft ifs htest addil
tion) it pos.1bly onte of thfle mlost. Cx
tr'aor'din ary' on ' reord. It~ Ia tes
illuastra':ti ii of con~v'iet. intreuity an.
ltax dlisiine~~ was Ithe diis'overy of
pvate atilt, whieb', for seve'ra
molt)hstlf. hiad been wmk hed by otte o
the c'onviet'S, who' retital its prone
tiatn to his fell swi, much t1o1 is Sow
pee tnniatry atd vantag. On a recent
o'cai'on, a con ict was found~ to La
ittxicateda, end, toder th thClret Ci
seOvere' puno:ishmt iOtC, ditsclIosi'd th
souiirec fromii~lil tie c ~ht btailled thI
l t iuoi', wh i eb w'.as fromt an~totr or
vio t nalmedtI John S hort , whIo worheci
in, oneo th de illerp ~ tair ries. W'it I
out intformti ng ."r ~t, a eaeb of' th
gna ~rry wa's 111cali imeo Iely inttit uted
where,' iln at e0 lud1ed cornei r, shiete re<
by a few ronybj~ boardut, was found4
r'emariikahle cot.trivanero forCl tth atu
facture, of whi'skey. A conptle of tht
prison t Iibs, hold(1ing pet hapst twel v
or Ii fi Oen gt' I!otiS each, containe hth li
maash, wili'h wats compose~tid of piots
toes, scergiJ aps'o bread, a sp[rinkt ling a)
t~in ti toe.,. withlom cornI Oandit0 Coils
mecat, coaI Ictd ini Cthe prisent sItblei
An ironD ktteI ansaweread th pu rpos
of' i a tII, wh ileI a sect ion of hl1f-meic
the worm,'~i thus 'ompatletingi tan iajip
ratti' whiCh, it, is undeJar'toodJ no
caipable of pro'~dneiing about five gal
lotis of' Itomnesptun 'p ir its d a ily. 'Thi
I right ful l iquor, Pho(,rt, who constr uel
ed andc owe WRtheIt stil!, rtailetd t
his fellow-coonvicts in sarttap'arilla bot
t~les at tho price of one dotllar' cacI
Before -;hort, hadl received ai notifie0
Lion of' the reizure of' his dlistiller,
ho wias mtado to undergo a *.carcw
when, concealed ou his person, 1w:
f'ound a bolt contsaining over aix hut
dired dollais, beitng the proceeds,
sales from his illicit business.
I Jad temp tor bites at both ends;
Imakes one's self nearly as miserab
as it does othber people.
The Wal of Writer.
C- J-nes T. Fields, in his new Neo
C-, turel onl "Fictionl and~ its eminlont
Ul A ithor," has tho followingeoticurn
it tog the habits of' novel writers:
!d Hawthorne waitod for imoods, and
t. 1notunt ed his tower Mttirs f.r coinpo.
a sitiol only when the lit was on him.
ri Dusky prosesions Constantly Ilmoved
o. -a out aits ho mnouted his pinly hill-top,
lt, ut his charaeters rarely spoke to
in him until he had14 1oeked his stutly
-door nind ihit out ill ingre-s fromn the
e wor d (of living (bcings. Aitdhony
t Trollope, whos08 novels lI Ilanthorn'to
i- greitly delighted in, writes every
11 day regub-:1rly, when h i eup dr' on
a new story, given a nutmber of
" l tu.-Ciyt pages before II o'clock,
- and smies t the idea of wiiting
e until lie "f1e-:ls like writing," as it is
- 1:, 1 Ited . Thackeray was consitly
istudyin; oharacter, a.!. his oiserva.
g tion wns unceanusing. hlis eyes were
i alert in the street, in the club, in
o (eicty, everywhere. I renctnber
Onie evening he whitpered to ie in a
o bri iiant draw ing-rot : 'llow I
1 envy you fcliows who aro not in) ny
line, and not obl ig-l to utiilize pro
fe4asionally all the fite creatures for
your next novel." Dickens was at
a t ime',taken posgiisioni of' by tho
:, elharnetes of whomtt lie wnr writting
1 tha t. (ip followed hitin ovcry-whore,
, and %wotld nevier lot him a in- A 1t10
6 n1ent. lie teill mie tlat. when h10 wa.
wiing th e "01d J.Curiosity Shp,"
y the eraurc' of his im ag inAWtion4 So
Shauntel hini that they would itchher
1 allow him to Ahep nor eat. in pinee ;
bi 1hat Little Nell was constantly at his
I elbow, it iatter where he might
o happen to Ie, cliiniig attetion and
ideimatding hlis syipja thy, a11 if jeal.
:,is wl:h he spoke to f ily one Lse.
I Whin he was writing " 'da4rtin Ch uz.
- d'sit," N rs. Oaijp kept him in such
I e'f paro us of laughter by whipi;ering
I to h im in) I heo.nost inopiporur title places
s -somnietimes c eve'n in churi ch -t hat
, e v-as cenipelled to fight, her etT hy
s m:.in force w n ho did not. want her
r oimpany, -nd threaten to have noth
irg mwore to do with her, ulcess tiliti
'ould bpehavO better and come onl11Y
C when ibo was ielled.
Ol1 So tell i ie iBoxes Iile 1 cleful.
Bellevil-i, near l'aris, l:'s had suf
fiih-nt cele'rity in its time ; it lots
now taket to the useful arts, md dits
COced a now order, or Iaip, of
a'rChitecitire. What btcoies4 of the
etpt y ,.-irdino boxes ? In l'aris they
:tre gi 'wreod up b-y the rag-picvkrs
and ''i for A song to bil(ders, who
Iiil tiw;i whhi mortar, pile them in
the f'rm (if four ialls on io min's
. tur d, t'cver thle wills, with ai fewi
jo VI 0 0 W111 'tlI -1
phliks, and thus a house aplpea's,
hired or beoutght hy thoto w') comi.
: iout hgh reLnt or d 0ie to
Iky foi a clnopy. These shanitis are
u mit i u aticlo de I'tris.
llreill of Eatri c n's ;hiIIercm es.
I. rt.y yest e iirday afiiioo(tn Bar
nlum's large rhinioc,!ro. gave hign., oif
tiun'usuI xei exciteent, i aii prerntly be
pan . vigorous asault iII-)m the ironi
lA of too c g, vainly entlea vrinig
o bre*k irough. WeThe t rnggles rd
ic in -t, b. huto drew a crowvd v routnd
th em ge, bu it whenl the wooilwork ie.
U tee (6Ncttumbl) to the fio uS assault
of the eniraged antimail, and ILictem
ev~eiit thltt lhere wUa great. dlanger of
is ies pit g from it cni iiinemnt i, thle
-fe--lig of (ir iosity gave way to that
of fear, iind whlen the hutge monster,
with a terrilie smor't and powerfiul tip
u(arid trus t uit Lbe head, cartrioed
weay the top of Lihe eig e, ripinmg it
oft as thotughi it wasf thinii gan lze, thlil
crowd beer-me pairaulyzi(d with for r.
W i'omen andit chil dreni shricked in tor
r'or, and asought saufety ini ight, whilo
tlroing mn atood rjpeeelies buIore
Ithe dlanger' that threatened them.
The struggles of theo dying animail
rwere fiearliul to behold, biut., fortut'
In ate!ly, wjm o of shoit cduiration). As
it wa th engo wusI torn and thatter
nre, and haud the-paroxysmat con~itnuied
a cu'i,,pci fewimome ti ongr, I ots of' humflan
iife ighUit hiive resulted. Thio dead
animal' was the iargest otie of its
Socies in thle country, andi oust neur
ltwenty thousand dollna. Woe
did ot larn he cuseof his death,
but under~etood that it died frotm a
lt. TIhe corputs will be sent to the
Smithsonian Institute for rerserva
Four Men Sentencerd to ltatfi for the
alurder of One Mitu.
At Boorio, Upper Canada or Onta.
rio, on Satutrday, .Judge Galt son
itiicedle John Ty~)soni iind son, and
Georgo S3ydney and son, of' Gray
-Couiuty, to be~ I hung ont the 16h Iiof
. JLoe~hr next, for itho miurder, in
.Iehoioiry lus', of Francis Smith, a
s raider from Syracuse, N. Y. Thle
-af iir, which for a long tire was
a wrapped in mystery, was br.,Ught to
-light by Coronor White, of Parry
Crt. Jack was doumbtlou a bold,
'had nman, but the Yrunks who sold him'
gin aund powvdor wore worse. Theo
action of the (Governmecnt in his easo
was oommnendaible, but we think thu
s tory would read better hereafter if it
were shown that the white mien who
it muiatrder'ed tho wagon load of rqutaws
lo and papooses had been hanged as
Saint Fanny was a notorious house'v
- wifo. Her house Was a temnple of
neatness. Kings might havo dined
upon her staircase. Now, her great
delight was to provide all thlng cobi.
fortable for her hubband, a hard
working merchant, much abload, but
loving his wife. Now, one night hj6
returned tired and hungry, and by
seine miiilchance there was nothing for
supper. Shops were shut, and great,
was the grief of Saint Fanny. Tak.
ing off a bracelet of seed pearl, she
said "I'd give this ten times over fot
a supgor for my husband.'" And
erry pearl straight way became an
oyster ; and Saint FLainny opened, and
the husband ate, and 10 I in every
o) ;ter wis it pearl as large as a liatel
n1 -it : and so was Saint Fanny mado
rilh for ifo.-Voujlas Jerroldi's Fire
it is considered ani even chance
whether the panio had reached its
lnighit nr not.. Fivo thousand ment
clsed the we'k inl poverty who open
ed it i) w th anid poHition. It is
said Omt .1 .J Goulmd is the only man
in Oe btrem whose note is lrh
more to day thai it was ton days ago,
lie has made millions by the disas.
Physiirns say that fatal sickness
follows invariably those terrible pan.
ies. The excitement nid the fright
is ruinuu to health. Strange onough
Bright's disease follows one of these
ernsich. Keep, laockwood, Little,
and14 other eminent bankors died
shot ly after their failure.
A vommm who has lost terribly said
y-o t ri.y j "I havo lott my money
and m3 eiirgy, and the worst of it id
that :nm twenty years older than I
ws:1 yesterday. A dozen men rule
and ruin New York. "Dog will not
eu t dog." H ull will eat bull, and bear
wvill cat bear. Inl Wall street the son
w ill turn against the father and the
80on-in law will ruin the father-in-law,
No min trusi' the honor of any man
on t le street, exce pt in tihe meto mat
ter of piaymentms. A clique is formed
to htll or benr a stoel:. The Round
Rul iis hardly ~igued before the
pnm I io: look out for a chan'oj to soll
out. The man who betrays his assu
eiut es first is the sharpest folluw.
A caso in point-a gentleman left
lio street with fivo millions. HO
1ook leavo of his associatos and start
ad ou t,. l Europionn tramp. Ie came
homse a bort tiO rgo, and several.
lIvcrators, among them two or thro
wealthy hank presidents, invited him
to a dinner. An incidental roforenco
was made to a great speculation in
wvhicli the partics weo interestod.
There wero imillioves in it. Hooted by
wino, the guest was iuduced to ven
omioe noani- on it treacherous
JOHN( of' ,pecwltion. E'very dollar of
his foi tune is wiped out. le Ias
ot m'ioneyV enough t, pity a wook's
moa; J, ;:w.l Lis system in shattered so
,h. he never will bo able to do any
ns .. business, and lio las to be
wamtchod elosely to Iceop him from sui
dl.- Yorkcorresdondence Dosa
fle C01lpollellt Parts of Wh1ilo RadIcal'
isnt Itt thle Solith.
Ii. V. Redfield, the speoial travel
og correspondent of the Cincinnati
.ommemmrcial, definesm themn thus:
'VThc Ramdical party ini Mississippi is
Lmido up in the main of meanness, ras
ality and ignorance. 1 have yet to
eai a white Rlopublicin in the State
who lhn nmot got ana office, or had one,
ar is nmot maumcouvr ing with special
reference to gett ing one. The prin
eiptlesm of time party are best represent
ed b~y time word plunder. .T'ake away
thatt, and~ thoe hope of it, and the
party would disamppoar like dow ua
Icr an Auguist sun. It is held to
~ether by "the cohesive power of
If any uman wants to inake a fortune
juickly, let huim inivent a chanmpagno
*ottle that will not burst. We state
his on the authority of a correspond
mit of the Newr York Iherald, who-,
vnsited .some of the famous wvine-eel.
are of France recently. Ile writes:.
'As we walked through M'. Vornot's,
b)ottles were bursting on all sides of
us with reports louder thana those of
pi~fols :.d almost as. dangerous.
W hen aI c'ampagne bottlo bursts in,
hie workman'ms hand-as it very of.
oen does-It frequently depr ives him
f his eyt-sight. It is a banardous
hig to shako a champagne bottle, or
even to touch it, and prudent people
haivo theoir corks drawn by the wait
A Connecticut Qnestion Setthed.
Thie good people of Connemtient
have determined that there rhrall be
but oneo capital for time 8tate in fin
turP, iand that its name shall be H art
ford. New llaven has been laid ont
m the cold by a decisive vote of theo
people of the whole 8tate, wicih is
soarceey large ermough to sustain two
oabital[', with their uasa extensive
Tfhe moan who wanted to take an
thor poerron apar.t when he bad some
(ing to say to him, lately ned for/
the private ear of a friend and wa
'odthat privateering was illegal.