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Williams & Davis, Proprietors.] A Family Paper, Devoted to Science, Art, Inquirv, Industrv and Literature. [Terms---$300 ner Annum, In Advance
VOL. IX.] WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 7,1874. [NOA8.
IS PUnLISHED WEEKLY BY
WILLIAMS, & DAVIS,
Terms.-Tu H[uRALI is pub)ished Week
in the Town of Winusboro, at 63.00 ill
e eriably in advance.
Agg All transient advertisements to be
p aid in advance.
Obituary Notices and Tributes $1 00 per
A Model Senator.
There is one dibtinguis.hed gentle.
man now sitting in the Senate of the
United States the value of whose
oath and conscience can be estimated
from very complete data. The lobby
may predicate of him with perfect
safety that while he will, under all
circumstances, take everything that
ho can get, he will also take any
thing rather than nothing. We refer
to the Hon. John J. Patterson, Sen
ator from South Carolina, some
strange facts in whose biography we
presented recently to our readers.
A brief review of his history may
not be out of place now that Congress
has begun its work and this precious
law maker is about for the first time
to take his hand in it.
The honor of giving Mr. Patterson
birth does not belong to South Caro
lina. We believe that the only na
tive politicians she possesses are of
the Afu ican race, and these, although
strong in numbers, seem to have been
mastered, possessed, and made slaves
of by paler professors of stateeraft
who bwarmed in upon them from the
North as soon as our armies had
made it safe for fellows who hated
powder as much as they loved Plun
der to go there. Mr. Patterson was
one of this band of emigrant states.
men, and the Coummonwealth out of
which he carried hia loan carpet big,
with a noble re.,olution to fill it sonic.
bow beforu he sot foot again on his
native heath, was Peanslyvaria.
Penusylvania is too aboundingly
rich in the kind of genius which Now
York has recently honored in the
person of Mr. William M. Tweed to
ufford'scope for the operations of a
ruind like that of Patterson. The
ground at home was pre. occupied.
The crumbs allowed to fall from the
public table were sorry diet for a
hungry hanger-on sv 'i as he, pos
seessed by a very ti, eworm of ava,
rice, smacking his chop.i as he gazed.
at such scamps as Kemble gorging
their fill, and convinced, at last, in
sheer heart -sickness, that they would
never quit the platter until they had
left it shining like the table weY.re
of Jack Sprat. True, Simon Came.
ron was not altogetber unkind to
him. Hie permitted Mm to do low
errand., for him, and on one occasion
signified his sense of the menial's
merits by employing himi to biibe
tuembers of tho Legasloturo to vote
for him for Senator. The scheme
having miscarried, by reason of the
failure of the men whom Patterson
bad approached to take the pay or do
the word, that faithful fellow swore
before a coamittee of investigation
that be had never been employed on
any such business, and would have
scorned to undertake it as heartily
as Gen. Cameron would to send bin
on it-which last statement. u.s
doubtless strictly true. 'The report
of the committee exposed and re
buked his barefaced perjury in no
Considering the aptitude that he
had shown for business, it is really
amazing that was the most pro nising
job that lie ever succeeded in getting
his fingers into as long as lhe re main.
ed in Ptnnsvlvania. Had he not
while still a very young mant, bought
a ntewspatper Ott his credlit by false
pretences, 8sold it, again anid pockmeud
the purchase money, and snapped his
fingers in the face of his unhappy
creditor, who was nigh impoverished
by this piece of roguery ? Had he
not forged his father's namtn to a niote
for sonme thousands of dollars, whieb
he produced after the death of that
parent with the honorable design of
cheating his sisters oui, of their pa
trimony ? Had heo not hired per.
sons to swear that this forged noteo was
genuine, and did he not boast after
ward that he had tricked a court and
jury into a falso verdict b5 his kind
of help 1 llad not his own counscl
f .rsaken and repudiated him by rea
son of this presence, and asked that
the judgment should be reopened that
the fraud might be exposed ? Ilad
he not cheated everybody that could
be brought to trust hinm, and were
not his owmn kindred the most empha.
tie and <eoling witnesses that he wa
a chronic villian ?
It was, indeed, some balm for his
wounded mind that his patron Caime
ron when Secretary of WVar, app~oint
ed him a paymaster in the army.
But the sola te was a small one and
lasted him but a little while, for the
Senate refused to confirm his appoint
ment for the perfetly ridioulous rcr.
son that he made love to the army
chest and put the wages of the veter
ans whom lhe was sent to pay into his
It is no wonder that, whlen the ter
minatIon of the~ war opened up to this
restless, hungry, disappointed patriot,
dulous blacks as it field for the en
ployment of his talenits, he shoul
have tunde his way thither withot
any del. y. And his success has m:
ted the dreams of his ambition, n
matter how wild these may have beet
le has become enormously riel
lie has, without a cent of capita
bought and told railroads that be
longed to other people, and hits mad
a profit out of these jobs comparo
with which the patrimony of whic
he spoliated his sisters is a mr
brass button. iHe has had his finget
in every sActe of villai oy direetel
aigainst the tr1eastur'y of' his adopte
State or the confiscated homes of it
pe ojie, tod hats not scrupled. whIto
be was done with stripping hones
mci, to cheat his confederates it
a ickeduess out of their share of' th
spoil. li has b.en one of a flook o
political buzzards which swoopic
from the dark aud unclean places o
the North, have peeked out the eyes
and eaten out the heart, and consut
ed the marrow, and picked bare thi
bones of a stricken State, to whic:
they iyere lured by the smicl of he
decay. And better thanti all, lie ha
bought front the irresponzible ino
groes who have got Carolin m ii It it a
the place he now holds in the tJite,
States Senate, and a fellow, tliousand:
of whose moral poers-yea letters
are to-day picking oak um tnd phlit.
ing clhair bottoms in the penitentiary
sit$ itt the Leat of John C. Calhoun I
This man is not likely, even werc
ie as bashful as he is brazoit, to be at
all out of couitotance whenie !ooks
around himt at the tiany potent, giratve
and reverened gentlemen who have
got their seat pree;scly asi he got his
by paying for the:n. Nor is he like
ly to lose itn pocket in the entd by
reason of the largemsse he Se0teCed
atmottg his colored coistituieits ct
Caroliia. HIis motto, like that of
Capt. Simon Suggs, is that "soce
body's got to suff'r," but that "some
body" is never cither-a Stugs or a
Patterson. It is the luckless land,
the betra3ed Comnimwealth, tle
outraged people, who by the myste
rious e r.s;ion of hOavetI have
either their liberties or their pur,es
put withit rozecb of rottcu tevutdrea
like these.-1V. Yi,),.
The 1,e.w Tribune building now in
New York will be the largest news.
paper office in the world, as well as
the highest building inl New York
1t is tine stoics, t. nd one hundrid
and fifty feet in height, and on th<
top of that there in a huge tower up
ward of a itundred feet tmore. TIt<
building fronts on Nassau strect in
ty-one feet, on Spruce streel
olte hundt ed feet, antd ot
Frankfort street xinety-ninc feet
Depth of main building oti
hutidred aid sixty eight feet heigh
of tower above fonttion two Itiun
tired and eighty five feet. The ma
toriais are t-tone, bR ich and iron, aIMt
the butldint will be fire p'roof. It
co.t, exclusive of the bite, is ";,
W'alsh, tawfortd & Co., cotton
merchant, of' New York, hivo failed
The Virginus has bet--i condeane(
tis a legal piz iZ by the PI'iza Coutrt it
Sickles htas resigned, atid ('alel
Cut hinig has been appointed Ministe
Chtrist wnas week was event f'ul.
A long list of tmurd ers and accidenit:
is report ed over the whole coutn t r'y.
T1he entginieers in Itd iatna and~ Oh i<
hove sti uckc. In somet places thte
tmilitita wi's cti athe out. No seriou
Ex'Snaztor Gramhamt of' New Yorkh
is ont triadlfotr emtbezz i og. 100,000J o.
ads of the 1Rnk of Conotit t.tce.
T[he P'r' sidentt h tas signe d thle bi I
retmovittg the dlisabilities.- of hlani-v,
IBoeoek atnd Trgg, of Vrii: n
leagan i of 'lTex'i.
Attortney Gen. Will ims htas decid
ed that ihe V irgin ius was tnot ett it let
to carry thte Utnited S' atea fi *g.
Pttersoti, thte owier deities thie, uam
demnatids tan intvetIi g tiot.
G ov. Booth of Catifornia ha I s hbeel
elected U. S. Senator over the rema
Ia r Republ i "an antI Demtar~e aui
didates. Ile is a mtoderate liepubloi
can and an active enemy of monopo
The Congressional Directory Is nos
comph andt ready for press.I
makting up its~ biographical sketoche
of member's the fact has been dlevelot
edl that about forty, thld military o
civil offices in tIhe laite Confedor ac
andi also, thtat a cotsider-able nttmbeo
espeially ft'om the Sothi, were con
nooted witht the Frteedment'st~ Unre'au
''Tho Confederates have taut htori't.ed
fumll statemitent of thir oflicial reclat
tions with thte rebellion, but thtos
who bad position in theo Freedmnct'
JBureanu, have without exceptioni, iti
diented a desire that nto mentio
ahould be made of that fact.
Rlaleigh News The Saturday b<
fore the adjournmont of the Generi
Assetmbly, a large nutmbe~r of tli
tmetmbers cotntributed, as a Christnmt
gift, one day's per diem, $5 caub,
the orphan asylum. Tihe amour
narogated over $300.
Delith of llCnIry llociefort.
d Count Victor do louebefort Lucay,
better known as lemi floeiefort,
whose death at the Frech nonal
colony, in Now Caledunia, is report
cd by cablo despatches, was born in
Paris, January 30, 1830. 1le was
the Fol of a marquis, and was elu.
cated r.t St. L.uis college, where he
was remfarkable fhr bis love Of anld
talent iu poetry. 11i. lively Con
tributions to thle C/rivari as d ra
matie ,:'itic, procured limi0 the ap
pointnimt of tub-inpeetor of tine
arts at. Paris. As editor of the
Filaro, to the sitaff of wheich ho was
appointed in 1833, he acquired a
wide reputation as a vivacious und
witty m:iter, whose forciblo atyle and
cutting sarcasm iua't him feared In
his op.onents and re-Npected by his
as1ueiates. Rochefort at the same
time wrote sevei al comedies and
vaudevilles, which, although they
possessed but little literary merit,
gained him great popularity and
iuoh imincy. Oi the income aris
ing from his plays alone, lRochefort
could havo lived clegaitly in any
City of Europe. 1 ibs course wa.4 un.
wise, and his abuste and tirades
against Ahe .1nperur beceame e ex
treme and audacious that ho found
himelf forced to repsign his position
oi the Figaro. lie then establisbed
La Ladtruc, whi -h, animated by the
same spirit of hostility to Bonapart.
isi, h was :on obli:oed to remove
to Brussels. While inl that city he
foughse everal (,1els, and in 1869,
was electcd a member of tile General
A s:eIbly. li re,urnied to Paris
Inder a safe conduct from the
.isliperor and took his seat. Ile
r(o.> kiltama a jo in alI known as
Lh Aarsellaise and it was for cor
Hian ex 1 4issions in its columns that
Victor Noir met his death at the
hiads of Piinee Pierre Bonaparte.
For his acts d uing tL.e reigii of the
(niontue he was tried ani tris
puittd. ie leaves a wife and sev
cral )oung children.
Key West, oui Lreat naval rendez
voun, is an island four nile!s long and
oe ttn a quarter broad, bounled on
one si-le by tie Atantic, and on the
other three by the Si-aits of Florida
and the Gulf of Mexioo. It, has a
ipiitation of ijin e thousa ndl souls.
Ihe houses are of wo )d, N ith s-pa
cilous pivzzats, sh-iled1 Iy cocota and
alhoiond tret-s. Tb1,.. ini bVr is capa
ciolus, Wher the larg-st shtips ein
ride ill s.ftty. It is priteelted by a
fort, has barracks, whiarves, etc.
Cuban reigees make ip a majority
of its i biitii aits since the Lrubiles
bctween Spain tai-d Cubat.
A.gassiz was tWi Mii:rried, his sec
ond v.ife being Mlis. Lizzie Cary,
daulhiter of 1r. T. G.ary. lie has
th rtc chibiten, Alexanider Agassiz,
Ida, (Mrs. Iliigginsoii), and Pauline,
ihri. Shaw). lie died onl th 74th
I itnniversary of the deatti of Washing
ton, and ab no-t at the samine hour of
tie day, Wv.,hingtki dr iIn! between
h-e antd twelve ('Clock on the
iII of the lth of December, 1799,
and Pl'rofesor A,: asiz b etwcen ten
aid cv-I och-blik nt tle itight of
December 14, 1863.
A la1dy sy thle first time she was
kissed she filtL likeo a tubh of ros:es
swi iin sg in honecy, cuiognei, tint mlegs
anld crainberies. NilC felt as if s01me
thing wasi :unning th rough her net yes
ton feet of dianmonds, escoirteid by
several little ciapids in chariots dr-awn
by angels, shai~ded by honeysucklets,
aind thle wholo e spread with inelted
FIirm in the e-lectin f ('C ooth to
be0 governorii, texI ini thle <lt'tioni of
. \dins ry supre(!lw jtiiud, antd niow
in toheuetiou of Iii thi to the Uinitted
St:.tes 8'-ntarec, C..lifot nia has set the
independenit political hall in mntion.
'PThe sun is r isinig in lie Wecst , a nd
-tist ward the star of emp jirO take s its
A motng ho siee:i- i'ions against
A I toirney-Geerial W illiamts in the
'nvestig it iniu~ nmaking' by the ,en
ite jtiuiary commttiittee is that the
goveunuco h ben imadle to ~imy
for the carri.,g-i used lby Mrvs. Wil
liamt~. A voueri for its paymniti
hiad been; illeid in thle treansur 'y de
partmnt. Onie of the most seriouis
char i'!P, hto weve~r, prefered cl aigaiin.st
the ait.t.oney-;gun-ral is lit- neglect, to
prtoceed atgains:t, the corrupt oflcials
in the wecsbern jiudicial di-tiIct of
SArrnsa . TVhe report of at Special
A gentt Whiitnemiy has lbeen beif~t o Mr.
Williamits for moiro thtan a mionth,
di-elosig corrupution and bairefaced
- lThte owner of Camtden I~ous~e,
a t'iselburst lhas been qu 'ito lucky.
-ieo has found benuevoloeco pays.
3 W lien, in I1870, lie ofl'ered the Imt
a perial famnily an asyluma at Canmdon
1 llouse, ite, being an enthusiastic
II Imiperialist, ftully expecte t~lhat they
would soon ret urmi to the 'Tiileries.
There was lit tle chatnco that a briof
-residence would mako Chiiselburst a
,1 CashionalIo locality. Tlhe imperial
o family, however, remain there, and
,x in three years have mado thto land
o adjoining C'amden 1House of fabulous
Lt value. Chtisoihorst has becomo
fashionable and its owner vey riglt
The Socil Market.
"Jenkins," of the St. Louis Globe
furnishes a review of the social mar
hem of St. Louis for the past week
We give his quotations of "matri
moniaL" and -party" prices
Thle week ending last evening wai
extremely dull, and the stringence
in the matrimonial market still con~
tiitues. Projoeted fathers-in -law ire
carrying daughters at enormvous imar
gins, and are anxiously awaiting a
ebanie to unload.
Mlothers-in-law are extending gvrea,
ter nacominodatioris than ever before
on long calls, which are now quoted
at 73oa2 i. m., never before havi ng
Xeede!(Cd I1 1. Dl,, but this is coni
sidered an effort to corner on bride
grooms. Brides are in good offering,
but held at rates above the views of
purchasers, and fathers in-law are
o-leneurageing all efforts to bull the
market. Be idegrooms are quoted
flat, and steadily declining. A few
optiui calls are quoted at Gal2
tionths, with increasing prices.
Mitrimonial bonds are quoted too
higah for the average reach.
lUrideniaids are lively, but in
liglit dematid, itnd groonismen are
oot appieciatec. Brides, uneneun
bered with mothers-in-law, are look
ing up, and grooms are going long at
a slight extent. The price of minis
ters has declinad to $5, with a ten.
dency to fall still lower, notwith
standing efforts to keep the market
In parties the market is stagnant.
Firstelass are quoted at $2,500. with
11) offers. A few were had at $1,000
attd F1,500, and a few at $700 and
$800. Second-class, with nothing
but breadstuffs, at $50 and $75.
Third class, no demand.
liuersout are offering at reduced
rates, and there is no apparent dis
position to advance. Dinner goers
are short. waiting for a fMll. Bal a
are a (rug and still declining.
PezIiot quotes a little activity in
suburbai and outside transactions,
hut dull on legitimate. Stags are
quiet, and those pleasant back-room
parties, embracing quai', imperial
and "Aunty," which accompany
financial buoyancy, are scarcelp nota
ble in prices current.
lzaiicmi's Place .,r Confinecent.
The Island of Stfarguerite, where
BMzaine is to be contined, is one of
the two Lerin islands on the Medi
t erranean coast of France. The
I irger of these islands is St Marguer
ite, the smaller St. Honorat. Buth
are fortified islands, and have been
used by different Frenchgovernments
for maly years as at place of seclusion
fur State prisoners. The fortrestes
on St. Mlaiguerite, to which Bazaine
i- destined, is fa med in story as one
o the places of the imprisonment of
the "' man with the iron mask."
While confined there, as the romance
goes. he wrote his a ory on one of the
tilver plates on which his meals were
served and threw it overboard. A
fiherman picked it up, but being un.
able to read, brought it to the Gov
ernor of the eastle. In consequence
of this incoident the prisoner was re
moved to the B atile, where lhe died.
In later days St. Marguerite has only
been brong ht int o notice as the tonm
porary abidinag plaice of some of the
clinlitunist prasoners. Probably, as
theo French always have an eye to the
hiistoricaIlj finess of things, Ma rshal
JLziaine wmy now occupy the same
tp .rtments one tenanted by the
It ib;tiner whose story is one of the sad
dtas well tis the most romantic,
epious of mnodorni hiistory.
'Te sale of tha~t onice famous news
papenr, thec New Orleans Picayune, for
$2( 1000 on t welve mnithms time, looks
as ift ho n.emiropolis of the South
might lie in its decadence. The
Thle P'ica3 une was established in
1837anitd under George WV. Kendaill,
i:5 old proprietor, enj.'yed great popa
1 trify tand prosperity, but si-ice thbe
war lhe Timexes has superseded it in
circula' ion, ad vertising and general
A ifashionaible lady's hair is now,
as ta rinle, arranged ini whtat is called
the Pa, inem-~ style ; there is a grace
fl seifflding of curls, tier upon
ier aboive thle f'orehuead, so that lit a
shirt dI ist tine-c the hair has the effect
of hong :ipplintg waves, natural, but
careless looking. Those curls lire
extremely light in front, and inter
laced at the top of thme head ; at, the
back thiere are two long ringlets,
which fall as low as the waist.
It seems that thare is to be a con
test of t he Texas election. Thme de
feated Repuiblicans are not satisfied
with the irreparable pulverizationi
they met with ill that eleetion, and
not knowing what else to do, the3
propose to make a contest, with th<
possible chance of getting it before
the president or congress.
WViliam 0. Butler, candidate ot
the Case ticket years ago for Vicu
P'resident, has been elected Presiden
of a Bible society in Carroll county
We suppose there must be, at th<
most modest calculation, between
ifteen hundred and two thousand
persons in this vicinity who get their
newspaper reading for nothing, in
oluding the unconscionable individu.
als w ho steal papers from other peo.
pie's doors, or borrow from their
neighbors, or loaf around where a
newspaper is subscribed for, and paid
for, and monopolize it to the exclu
sion of the rightful owner. We have
had soveral subscribers to stop their
subscriptions, for no fault of our
cariiers, a3 they admitted, in non
delivery, but because their pape-s,
after being delivered, were taker by
some individual, as short of con
science as of cash, who would take
possession of it. Thus, a newspaper,
which ought to be well supported
by a community for the general good
it does to that community, is made
to. support the town, in a measure
that is, it is expected to live withou
resoulces and to advertise the life
and business of a town without the
support which is requisite to enable
it to keep up to a metropolitan
standard of exuellence. An indi
vidual should blush to read a paper
habitually which another individual
pays for, There are too many peo.
ple who read papers which they do
not pay for, and this Is for their cye,
especially, with the purpose of sear
ing their conscience, if they have
any, and for tha purpose of appeal
ing to those who do subseribo aid
pay for newspapers, to keep then
filed and not permit to go out of their
possession,in justice to themselves
as well as to the printers whose
capital and labor are invested in a
business which serves to advertise the
commercial status of a city in pro.
portion to the enterprise its sub
stantial patronage enables it to dis
Even the New York Times re
joices at the Cuban embroglio, if for
no other reason than that it has re
sulted in the removal and d igr.ace
of Dan Sickles. Dan began life as a
New York rough. He will now have
a chance of returning to the dirt from
whence lie sprang. The Times dis
misses him contemptuously thus:
"We confess that we arc heartily
glad the public service is rid of him,
and we we earnestly trust that we
have now heard the last of him. oi,
at least, that he will not be chosen
again to represent the American
people, or any section of them, in
any capacity whatever. We imay
now state that the recent negotia.
tions with Spain were carried on
without reference to Sickles in
any way-his own bad juilgment and
worse temper having reidered it im
pozsible for the Spanish Minister to
hold any intercourse with him at a
very early day. We may almost be
thankful for this Virginius affair if
it has been the means of digging a
grave for Sickles."
Mr. Hawkins, who has conducted
the case in the prosecution of the
Tichborne claimant, will probably be
raised to the .lEnglirh bench in the
early part of the next year, and will
be one of the youngest mna that have
ever received such a promotion. 11is
reputation has been entirely won
during the present trial. Ihis open
ing speech in the case is said to have
been one of the most brilliant rhetori
cal efforts of the day.
A Mexican Congressman has dis.
caveried a new methoed of getting rid
of railroad bonids. lie introdulced
into the Mexican Congress a law
whieb makes every citizen, het ween
eighteen and forty five years of age,
liabile to military duty, and to be
drafted into the army ; but tile
classes excepted are all persons Own
ing one or. more shares in a national
rail road. Railroading continues to
thrive in Mexico.
Riot at Aikenl.
A riot occurred at Aiken, on
Christmas day, growing out of an or
der from tile towvn authorities pro
hlibiting the liring of crackers or lire
works of any discription. No atten
tion was paid to the order by a por
tion of the colored citizens. T1he
town marshal attempted to arrest
one of the offenders, who drew a pis
tol and fired at the mairshal1, whose
upper lip was cut off by the ball. A
general riot thon onsuiod amiong tile
negroes, in the course of which seve
ral persons were wounded.
An unscrupulous lawyer, when on
a mining excursion, was d aseending a
deep shaft by menans of a rope, which
lie held tight in his hand, ie called
out to a clergymen whto stood~ot the
top :"Doctor as you have not conl
fined your studies to geography, but
know all things from the surface to
tile centre, pray how far is it from
this to the bottomless pit in tile in
fernal regions ?" "I cannot exactly
ascertain the distance," said the
divine, "but let go your hold and
Iyou will soon know."
The engineers on nearly all the
Wegtern Railroads struck on Satur
sinkilig of (he Virpinitis-lleitse of the
The Ossipee reports that the Vir.
ginius, when ol('f Cape 1:.' ad in
sight of land, in spite of all the efl'orts
of the crew aboard of her, settled and
went down to th bottom. Shortly
after the arrival of the (L sipec a
reporter boarded the ves-el and had
an intei view with the .llicer of thle
(leck. The latter sild ie hail stiiet
orders not to communicate with aiy
body in elhatioll to tle cireimstane'ei
attending the fomndering of the Vi r
gi ius. lie would not even give t'e
date of' the occurence, or the place
where it hapIIC(l.
The survivors of the Vir'ginius' clew
have been released. Tho e'cw of t lie
Vermont Cheered them 1as they passedh
oIF. They were met on Ahirehy sbv.
eral Cuban leaders and tahen to quar.
ters. The only Sontheiiier ini tihe
list of sur vivors is Phihlip M3etz zer,
cigar maker, of Charl-ston, 6. C.
The sur-vivors number 101, includhiig
One Engl ishmiatn, on e Caniad ian, eight
United Suitesmen, ten Jamaiua'.s,
Judge Nelson, of Now York. re
centy deceased, was on the wneh
.forty-nin years-serving in three
Courts. II i .crv'ice 's jud41ge, ill
point of time, was ih hout pariallel
in this countr1y or inl Eghid.
The yield of' gold illn Califos'irijai, in
1852, was $G0,00et000-ha.st year
$15,000,0)00. The; A , a sa vs "' "Ot!
pev.-ilinug opin ion is that (Iur gold
unli;eS have become greatly e haust.
ed, wher-eas, in pouini of fitet, :,t cely
an inmiples'ion has been it tiade upon
them, and nearly o'lir enltire 3ield to
dato has been simiply i the prdluct of'
our shallow laces or urface dig
ginigs anLd the icrsults of' indlividu:1
llililig. T ie deiposbits l ing he.
tween the Soulthl and \l id e1. i.:s
of tl.e Yuba Rivcr alone, and which
are but . mail sectiju of, a1 iigle
count), are estiiatei to be a(1 equate
to a yield of ',i 2,000,0(0 per antin
fr 5-10 years to cme, or
000,OU0. An"Id now it is well i known,
from actui'ral explortatiun, tlitt a
numa ber of t he niniiiiig counties, such
xs E'1 Dorado, Placer, Nevadla and
Pluimias, Contain e1ach auiif'rouxs grav.
el of from 100 to 300 feet in thickiess
To undel take to make a statieent oi.
the gross valuo of these depostis
would ho simp ly to (eal ini figures
that belong only to the treasu.n.'S of
Oriental fable. All t11' .'1-:
ed to devclop this wNeahh are capital
Chilntse 1e10hil of laisiag moucy to
Mr. W. Simpson, in a laper ot
"Chinese A Clitecture," re: d beforiC
one of the EnlsIish socielies, deselibes
as followi the Chineso his bed of
raising o100eV for tle building or
repairing of temples : "In the
s:lreet-s of' Peklu i oiie day found a
111:111 in a sort of woolen sentry box ;
hirge ihii, had been dr-iven into it,
- tat thieir .oit(3 project ed through
This pr'veni te the inl f'rom claning
ugainst the tdcs, niid the oly re.S
ho hia was from sitting, oil a board
withii. lie was a iionlk , and never
tciied to sheep, for he had a striig
withI which heo nig~ht anid d13 5y sunde
ai larige Ssfoorous bell vc~er fcw miinutes
as a sort~ of adver'tisceent of
mioney ;r achi nilj repi e'cited a soumi,
lxname wa'xs xstuck up1 on a bit of' paper,
miid the nil was puoled out, mnakinig
it mor e comaifor table J for th lierme 'lit.
within. All the iiails r'epresenited
lie niece-ssary amo1 unt for thie r'epai r
of a temple11 whiichi was' clostc be hinid.
Thiis151 O s iacomo prol l ceedhinig f'or
i'ai inlg thec windi fori tichi psuro]ss.
I was told thf tx. his~ imonk had beeni
two yearsi. shut. up, and( thaxt lie would
lieyb nothe year 'li befo e lie got
utof' his (scoon oh' iiails.
Mr's. Attorniey Genera'li \\ Williamis
wais c'lt apjtuled i wheni, ten day13s (or lxo
sinace, she receiveil ani elegnant bourinect
fi om ir's. I 'residenit Granit, with her
compi lmiieni Is on thle nom11 iation of the
A ttorniey Ge neral asxi C hief Ju st ice.
HurI whlile ''the P resi s n11t ipopose
the Senaite disoses,"' and i it is doublt -
ful whether the power of the admwin
istrationi in the Senate, mlrsl edilli ((
by C2onklisg, can seur' the inminia
t in. Sh->'ulId W' Ifiam s to rejeoted
or wvilhdr'awnl it rinciiiis to 1be Seenl
whx~ethier the Prieshidet wil fa. 1lli bckx
on his original ebsoice(, axlebs t'ushiiig.
Fslih has heeni f1.; Cx'leb sinlce Ithei
start', anld ho ma10y end his eve'ntfu'l
life as Chief Justie of the Uiiited
Stat es y et, ]Jut, psoor W 'ilI inms !
The death11 of Johni P. Ixilo brinigs
to light a faet often hinilted lit pr'etty3
broadly before, bilt in wvhichi no lady's
name hais ever been giveni iln pritnt
till niow, to our kn'ow ledge. Thefi
fact is thalt it wals a daughter of NIr
Hale who was enigaged to .Wilkxes
Booth, tho mnan who thot Pre.'il(idet
Lincoln. In ]Bsooth's diary, which
was taken from his body, ther~e wvas a
pioturo of this laidy.
The Enterprise street Railway in
Charleston has beon cnmniletc
Loidun's littlest "Gret Fog."
Not only over London, but though
all its streets and Fquares, its alloys
and "closets,'' and its obscurest cor.
ners there was, last week, brouding a
fog conpared with which the fa
mious London fogs of the past have
been but gossainer mist. It came in
a thick, dirty, yellow cloud, penetra.
ting every crevice and oj.ci ing, creep
ing a long tho thoroughfares like a
solid though intangible mass. The
A merican idea of such a visitation is
that tile atnosphere has become iifec.
tiously dull and stagnant ; the gloom
of an A inerican fog is no more serious
than the absence of sunshine and a
dispiriting heaviness in the air. But
the fogwhich, over and anon, besets
London besieging it like an atmnos
1lwric sponge, as little to be resisted
by doors and windows and blinds as
a goblin or a fairy sprite, as opaque
as a stone wall, as pernistent as a mis
erly creditor, as preventive of busi
ness as a financial crisis, as hostile to
the pleasure of the fashionable world
as a plague of Florence, strikes prac
tical blinidnes to the whole population
and dlies the sun and moon, gas,
kerosori and tar with an equal
triuniph. At such a time the London
blind have for once the advantage of
thuir eye blessed fellow creatures.
Lsed to groping, they may grope
amid the fog as skilfully as under tihe
ionuiday suin, and finld their way
when the seeing are bewildered. For
two days London was enveloped in
one of these monster fogs, the thick
e'st and most long enduring within
the memory of living cockneys. It is
alnost as if the great teeining hivo
of humanl bees had been sulphursulfo.
cated out of existence. The busy
Thamues flows, for once in an age,
unobstructed and free between the
mn urky and littered lanks. V essels,
coastwise and sea-worn, lie lelpless
at the quays, and crowd closelv to.
as if for mutual protection. Tho
penny boats creep feartully from pier
to pier, tieir lavish galaxy of warn
ing lights p'iint ing but a dull red
flush on the yellow canvass of the
fog. Oin London Bridge, at mid day
there is an irregular torchlight pro
cession of people with links and lan
terns groping to and fro, sceming,
fron a little distance, like Ia phan
Everywhcro is a groping and col
liding, a dendness and silence in most
places like that of midniI Cheap
oide, for once, qea e& dsyTong
babblo of eart wheels - shouting,
its barricades of vehicles Afd d.growd
ed paveients. Link i ,ival1c be
fore carriages and ca . .; l-drayinon
curse at the fog-blindness of the
coachmnien ani omnibus drivers ;
moneyed men, riding painfully to
wards 'Change, lose precious asp
pintitientits ; Londoners of forty.
years staulding, attempt to reach tile
green grocer's to order the faimily
hupply, lind themselves lost in the
next street, and wander for hours
around a radius of a few yards of
their rosidence; children are hopo
lessly lost, and the police and the
piohpockets are equally baffiled.
The members of the Executivo
Commiittee of the Taxpayers' Con
veintion are requested to meet at the
rooms of the (Chamber of Coinmiiereo
in Charleston on Tluesday 1 3th day of
IJanuary, instant, at I12 M~l., for the
puriipose of consul ting ulpon theO pro
posal of the Chamber of Commerree,
that the Conventioni be reassembled
to take into consideration the
present condition of "the Taxpayers
of the State," andh also a propiosit ion
to enlarge theoi nmber of the said
Convention. The following gentle
The Execut ive Commnittee -James
Che~snut, Johnson 1llagood, Tihomas
Y. Si mons, C. WV. U)udley, E. II. (I.
(Cashm, P. F. WVarley, A. P'. Aldrich,
11 eury Gourdin, II. C- Smart, WVil
Il~ ii W alllae, 1I. L. M cCaugh rin,
T. J1. Goodwyn, .J. Li. Weostmoreland,
A. II. Davegat, A. 11. WVoodruff, John
L. Manning, M. L4. Bonhamn, A.
W.T D. PORTER, President.
It was one of the nuwrerous Beech~
cir family who used to pray, "0 L'rd I
keep us from despising our rulers,
and, keep them fromr acting so that
we can't help it."
Mark T wain, in speaking of canni
balism, grows serious for once, and.
solemniuly declares that, for his own
part., "lhe would go hungry for two
days, rathc.A than oat an old personal
Rev. M r. Vonables, who offlciated
at the recent marriage of Secretary of
War Belkinap andl Mrs. Bower, per
formed a similar service at the mar
riaige of the bride eight years ago.
A private letter from Mrs. Lincoln
denies that she ever held with Mr.
hlorndon any such conversation as he
claiims to qulote in his late lecture on
Mr. Lincoln's religious belief.
Rev. J. F. Spaulding, of St. Paul's
church, Erie, Pa., has been eonssera -
ted Episcopal Bishop of Colorado and