Newspaper Page Text
It. MEANS DAVIN, Editor.
Wednesday Morning, Do. 24, 1873
The Bankrupt Laws.
The hot hasto with whiclh the
House of Representatives rusihed
i rough the repeal of these laws, in.
duces tho suspicion that some indivi
dual hardship or some particular
-odious feature of the laws, must ne
tuate this action. We hope that the
-U. S. Senate will be more deliberate
in their action.
Tle financial crisis, from which we
are just emerging makes this a most
inopportune time for the repeal of the
Bankrupt Aots. Thero are features
that might bo amended. Fourteen
days non paymnt of commercial pa.
per, and the involuntary stifferiig of
judgment ought not to be causes of
Bankruptcy. Exemptions ought to
be uniform, and expenses of proceed.
Let proper amendments be made,
but let the Bankrupt Laws be a per.
manency ; like in England, where
a permanent system has existed since
1842, a system too of which ours is
almost a copy.
The half Mill Tax,
Wo see by the Treasurer's notice
that tht the half mill tax for the
widows of persons murdered by the
Ku Klux, will . gaic be collected.
Last scssion :a bill was intrcduced
by Mr. M. S. Miller repealing this
tax as far as Fairiold is concerned.
It passed the liouse, but not the
- Senate. This is another outrage
upon the tax-payers. Last year it
was shown that no widows could be
found entitled to the proceeds, and
they were turned into the school
fund. This was well eniough
at that time. But tihe state and
local tax for schools this year is
heavy enough without. adding anly
inmore The bill should be repealed.
If not, it should be conteated on tl:e
score of unconstitutionality. (Irave
doubts have been expressed by liaw
whether it will stand the tist.
These doubts should be sati tied.
The tax will realize about $:,500,00
and this is worth fighting over.
It will not pay a single individual
to carry it into court, but a number
can co-opcrato together and tuiako a
fight. We are taxed enough consti.
tutionally, without submnitting to
every species of p1lunder tamely. Our
craven submission to overy outi age
only emboldens the aggressors
Fight'the tax to the bit ter end.
0D T'hio State Government in a
fraud-it can be improved by immu.
The Treasurer's Notico.
Iu another colhanh of this morn
ing's paper will be found the usual
nmotic c of the ('ounty Treasurer to
tax- payers, regaridinig thle collection
of durs to the County and St ate.
It will be seen that the t ime for pay
mnut is liminited to (lie 15th inst., the
usual penailty of 20 per cent, to be
imiposed upon all dleliOquents.
We do nlot doubt that our Treas
iurer is uimnply acting upon inst rue.
tions from the fiscal headquarters in
Columnbia, and hence he cannot a t all
be held responsible for this needless
-hardship imposed upon the tax-pay.
Weare at a loss to find any
reason for the haste with which the
State author-ities seem inclined to
press the collection of taxca. Weoro
any real good to come of the p~ro
posed haste, or did circumstances
seem to demand it, we would be slow
to condemn the mocssure ; but is t he
State Treasury in such a condition as
to call for the oppressive measure
embodied in the Tlreasurcr's notice I
Are our finances in such a cor dition
as to necessitate such an uii pr 2ce
dented step ? Or, is this measure in,
0(d only a trick by which to bring
about a fiilure on the part of
a large number or people to
pay in the time fixed, andi a conm.
sequent increase of the sum col
leoted in the 20 pcer cent. pen alty
Whatever may be the motive lead
ing to this measure, its efl'ects can
Dot but be greatly injurious to the
people at large, In thme present
scaroity of money, nmany of the tax
payers will be forced to resort to
various shifts to meet their dues ;
and to do this requirns much mnore
time than has been given.
We must not be understood as cap,
tiously objecting to this measure
simply as the act of a political or
ganization with which we have no
sympathy ; we must not be regarded
as eagerly availing ourselves of a
chance to excite opposition to the
dominant party: our intention is
aimply tonoint outte in,,r-.r..
of the measure in the abstract, and
as affecting the entire people without
regard to politics.
W siicorely hope that such stops
will lie taken by the proper authori.
ties as will afford relief in the preii
sis. We learn from our exchanges
thait iN York County the limit fixed
is ihe 5th day of February, and in
Edgefield, a like extension is given.
\We are quite at a loss to see why
there should be this distinction ; and
we hope that the samo privilege ie
corded to other communities will be
givenl to the people of Fairfield.
We submit this matter to our
County Treasurer and to the State
autiorities in the hopes that they will
see the uselesness aid hardslhi of
the measure undor consideration,
and so modify their notico Us to
afford the desired relief.
Then anad Now.
It is the constant boast of the Iliad.
ical plarty that under the pre:sent re.
g/mc the country in gencral, and wore
especially our own State, is much
better off than in tile good old an/e
bWi/nm days. Our rulers claim that
South Carolina before the war wias ran
oligarchy ill which the naty were
oppressed by lie few, and the psoor
ian held in subjectioa to the rich.
It has been the constant boast of
Hopubliean leaders in the South that
under the new order of things, not
only are popular rights mere respect,
C-, but the ha 1rdens of governmIneut
more equally divided among the )eo
Lot us take South Carolina as on
e X mIpIl 1e. ere the dominant, party
have had full sway. All their fo.d.
est. and wildest schemes both tf real
improvenont and of extensive plan
der have been executed without in
torruption or impediment. Taxes
have been levied ; State obligations
of nuiahertess forts, have bca01 ere
alted ; the Northern mark ets have
b(en flooded w% ith our bonds-in brief
our coimmonwealth has liaen ruled
atil mkanipulated a fter the most up
proved fashion. And all this with
what result ? Let facts bo cited in
The higlek t aim) of the c0onlrcien
tions legislator is to lo.ssen the burden
resting upoin his constitu enney. The
great evil complained of in all gov
ernments is taxation. lin our State
we think the the taxpayers hove much
cause forcomplaiint. I1f'orec the war,
when the ti xable basis was over
$50t,00,000, the average a ntni ua
h 1 * a " m 1851) to 1860) was less than
-.5mtl ; iii.d this sum was foun
amply suflieient to maiiitain theStiate
structure in all its beauty and digni.
ty. Admitting that some ine-rense
Say one liniidred per e uit.-is l ees.
5.11ry in view of the chiange's in ouri
politic.al syst< mn, it wvould seema that.
89t0,000 or $ ,000),000 is quite
eiiough to keep us miov ing in the
pathI ot peace :andl progress.
lBut we do( not piurpose to d1iscuss the
pr iniei le's inivolvied in thIiis ine reni ed
taxat ion, or to ai imad(Iveit up~on
the coiidnet of thloro whot are re'sponi
sible for the prsn state of things.
We similply poinit to the fact that our
taxes are now six times as heavy
as they formierly were, aind our
ability to meet0 0our dues to the Si t a
only one-'thi rd as great :i mathlema lt i
enl11y considered, thien, our taxes are
more thaun eighteen times what we
boiro underi t ho old ordecr of thin lgs.
We thiniik we have said enloughi. If'
our11 presenit onero us taxes are no lt
Allflicient in themselves to dan the
Repulican party3 of Sou th C~arol inai
wve siiall seek imi in vain for evidence
to conv'ict t hem of thle criinal m iis
managemeiit withi whaich they have
been so frequently and vehemnontly
chia rge d.
The Pr'oposedl Convention.
Th'ie Charlrestoni Board of ('ommnereo
ha~s issuied a call foir a mecetinag of
the Tax- paycers' C onvenlt ion in 'ohlumin
bia on thle fi fteen th inst ant. It re
mnains to be seen whether or tiot the
Convenition wililiec held. The timne
appointed is too near for any (101iber
rate d iSenssioni to lbo had1(, aiid. such is
necessary in thiis critical junietutre.
We beclievo that some such action
sihould be taken in order to publish
to the world lie true state of afl'airs
existing ini this State. T1hat portion
of (1(n e:I/zenis who had fur almnost a
cenatuiiry Ia ananged t he govyernmen (i,
and peract ice had~ acquired wvisdom iii
polit~ iealI economly, lha vo beenm vi rtiia lly
disfi anchiv.ed siice thle passage of
the rceonst uct ion aicts. TIhe Stato
government100 has paid no0 attenltioni to
our1 expaostulat ions and remnonst rances,
and has conitinlued year by year heuap
ing fresh indignities and hecavy bur.
We cannot remuain passive uinder
this treatment. Th'li right of poti.
tioni is nuaranteed to every Cmisui of
the IUnted States, ac.d this right
ilust bie r Xervi.el. W\o .Iould have
s1ome ogall zd body tiut can itpeak
With anitlao.niy, and this body bhould
set forth a i elin ,Statel. tiut, (,f exist
ing facts, in a imemoj ial to Congress,
and oil earneit petition to the honest
people of the North and West., to rid
us of the horde of villuiai now in,
We do ntiL look for aid froni the
preseit CoXgic s. That body waE
elected by the wi.ve of ci.thusiasmn
ruized by Grant; anid unider the shza
dow of hi is aimy ha' 0 ertp 1.1to Con.
grees, demag~itogneiC, switidller, ex.
toirtionirsi'.i ni thI I]ves,~ .0( wh dvote
themsl~vL ei.iirely to helf agl.n:ll.
diz'eient, and wo upholl the uutlh,
e.lr t 11;g pV,',Y .m 111,tS it) order tu
hav. villia is .int t Congress to a.d
them in their 1cefarious t-chemes of
public p'under. 1lipc for aid from
such eharacters is vaiii.
Bhit the pi ce. Cong ress will not
lways remin in i ihee. Duing the
conaing autuiin, the entire loue of
Reapreentatives and maniy Senatoi0
nust be elected, and141 tle w Io'c poi.
ticalco:plexion ma y u chauged.
Already omnius iuticinis of are
volution have been heard. Califor
nla and the W01sten W'ts have
speken out loudly for i ehrm, and
I Perns) lvia has PdMpte a new con
'stitutioln puIttilig an cul to tie politi.
cal chicanery of Simon Caineron at.d
that 'chool, in whice lione.st John
I'1tters.o iook his i:-t It sson. The
whole country is ready for a struggle
aga in th. donina t t, of' wl.ieh
the calrpet-bag goverinients formc such
an ililiitaunt element. DI stiuci ion
to tle out; is cor taii dea'i to the
jaet us then aid our f.ienL.i. A
pure and unvarnished siatemient of the
atroeities of the Cohlnia Ring will
be a plow4'lelcL ampaign doctuinncit for
Hte 1%o uers of the wect in tLeir raid
agaiOt monoly3 am11hig taxationl.
It is the ditty of th bte'sieed to afi'or d
every as:.i taiiet in h-ir piower to the
necrig -Iilm,. They m11iu-t not rest
tinine :1: we hive beel here of0 e
Thi l qetion 1.r x- ti he consider
ed is whethr this t vo.tiin bhould
he, o1d t ax-p-yers' t coenilCutioni or a
new body elot,-en at tile pri'eleeit time.
We ale iNWii ta believe that
there should be a ncw organization.
lTh1 S30110 gN'lentmen mii ight be seUt
again, but they Mhld have new
credentials. In the Past three years
many changes have occurIe, and
what were then disputed propo.
positions, are now fixed facta. Now
cielteets will be Iiixed up in this
new Cou vent ion, and old ones will lis.
ai~pear. liesid es this the former Con'
vent ion gave groat d issattisf'action.
It was a bluneder, ori at least belieged
to be such by mai~ny. Tis i siagmia
resting uiponi it will alirenatec from it
11ow1 mtany' whol~ aret fienoi ot r'eform.
1Leti n1 etire ly niew bod)ciy he celin
Ilut rathier thiain have lnonle, the old]
at aty rato, maike arranigemient% foi
hope that the plel of F'airlield wvi)
be representIed in Columbia ont Ih<l
Thle (Coniservalt iv'es of the St ate hi as
been toi apaitthetic and s lugt~gial
It is jtime they1 were*4. a1wa in g. Th'ii.
StateO of paliveneIIIss will rini an.y peo0
1p1e inl the~ worbil. We~ cann1ot b<
maneh wors) 0 If thanl we no0w are
het us then'1 have a Conventiotn. 11
mayc accomli sh good. 'The experi1
mell Cis1 worthi trying.
02' Money is scarec-thiis can b<
remiediedt by i 3i m(urrAioN.
Southlern Ra licals as Reformers.
Thei N ew Y ork II eralId contis th <Ll
"W \e aree informnod from WVashiing
ton that thte re'publ icans of t he Sout I
are indignant at the mi'lk andt watei
inig for aL new organizatio0n look ilt
oult for thie el miniant party of' thei
futunre, and1( thiut they will prohbb
unite with thle granigers onl a new do.
parture1~; thai t ido(1. wiake and pro
gressive reputbli.:a are freely dis.
eniig h short coinjgs and til<
bunderso ted diniist ration p~artA
and its IUinngling ini the Stato elee
tiiois of list October anld N ovember
and t hat thet plini menI of the party
from tile ruranl districte are disgust
ed withI the silly w'orkinig of' civil
service reform. In a word, theo co
hesive power of the r'epulblican party
as5 the party of thle admilinistration, it
broken, the werk of disintegration it
tho party has commenced, and fron
all tlio signs of the times tile part)
of tiho future that will next comec
to the front will begin to oror
out boldly in tile Weost and South it
the~ eletionsa of 1874 for the nexl
While we believe with the Herald
that the cohesivo power of the Re
publican party has been brokou, and
that a new party will come to the
front, we see no signs of rcform in
the South. The West contains miny
pure and honest ltobublicans, and
from this quarter the revolution
against Radical corruption may have
its origin. But the idea of our
Southern Radicals repenting, while
they have any company in vi.lainy
is absurd. Search the array of
Southern politicians. The Locst
leader, of the Republic-in party ate
few, a drop in the bucket. Think 0i
Iloiden and Sol MPolo inl North Caro
lina, MAluxs, lattsrSton tand Neilg'le in
South Carol ina, Aies in Aizsis.-ippi,
l'inchback atid Sypicr in Lou iia i
Clay ton in A rkaiisa-, a nd otheis ol
the ilk, boldly seoe.ttdiog from the
R'!publican party beaua-e of its cor
ruption, anid C.-Aling on all honle.t
men to ellist under their hannuer.
The grcate.t good that could befal
Stlie party" would be the withdrawal
of pst such vislains. The fact that
it huffers them to cling to it lik~e
lcehes is the cause of its present tot
tering niandi tion. If the North waits
for 'outhern leadicals to inau.urate
reforI, it will be inmade hcartsiek With
hope defeird. We would advise all
reformers to steer ce!ar of Souii'.t'ie
Ri dicals. Tho eyes of the whole
countiy are turi.ed to the iagnii.i
Cent West. It contails eleiuents of
strength for reform. But the South
neId not be counted in. It will do
battle to the bitter cnd in defcnce of,
orrupt legis lation, and every mee
tire tthat will enriJi the politician and
ikece tle pe1ople.
[co)1.-l . c.n ]
The Late Isaac M. Dw'g'.t.
T'o the /aItor "f the iIVn,,sboro .Miws:
It (Ccutrs to us, .\l. Editor,
that tle recent deathl of this well
knowii SouthIi Carolinian in the dis
talit State of NlIbs. uti, dc e ive('s mnore
than a pIssi g not ice. ISAAC .1AtroN
l)wIciiiv was, it may be jts: ly af
firiimed, no ordinary man. lIe was a
tine spcecimeni of a type of men "ho
seem to be fast p.asing i.way. Ile
Wa4 thle noble product of' the old civi.
lizationl-ore who chel ished highi
hiougihts in a hea t of courtt sy, aid
who bore, without abuiie, the grtind
old name of 'y1uienwn. Nei her
Colonel , i or .- kiire, nor Doctor, mt-)
Pol'fcsor, lie iii;,it wvtli have wvritw-in
hiinnbelf "1 l . .Iwighat, genitleniino"
111d ygtw an, too, inl tit word'
Ie,.t sense. Few W Inen) have lived
in Sonu11h (rolina nmore Iol'Il to the
State thani the deceased. Ard when
he felt and believed that the State
was lost, lie hur ied away in lof'ty
scorn from the corrupti~onist s, and
uip1on his family andiu friends piutred
lie rieb st reams of h is s imp; thmic.
Ini his 0old ago his u'feeti ons were' as
wi nm as in his~ youth . Nor did lie
d ie by t'egrees. 1 ie livced whlilst hue
lived, for lov.'a kept his spirit livelyv anwd
give streiigth to, his ahicetionls. Nkr
dIid atgo weaken iiis nierves or imupa ir
hiis mienltail or moi ra I ibrie. Ins ws
robus to thec last. li10 fell as filL
the sturdy oiak, thatt cre it witheor
giv~es way to the blast, and thus laiys
its ver'duire in thle dunt. But. age
eenild not but imtpi rt the enitimecnt of'
puoliticail despair. lie ha d no hope of
his mtother Staite, and so selfvxileul,
lie followed the fortunes of hiis eldest
sons, and brav~ed a iiew lif'e in t he
grand State of Alissour'i. Ileie lhe
was re-invigorated, for lie saiw airoundu
huim tho e'lemienis of str'engthi, and1(
felt I h-it lie waus in the heart of an
im'per ial comnmon wealIthI. Hlut do.
muest ic ailliet ion eti ne upmn the exile,
and1( shook thle citadel of hi i li fe. At
last hei succumbed h~'il. It hias beeni sa id(
ihiat cowards die a tho ousansds d er~his,
, ils- a bravo mnan dies but, onue.
Our j'riwln died but once.
"'Like Cato lirm,.like Aristides jiust'
Ah duntlesus soul erect that smiled
"ilTenider as a motheor, brav~e as a
paladin of old-t rue as tiur b itself',
he filledl the mecasur'e of' a long life
withi thle sat isfaict ion of per fect love
fronm hiis chiildreni, and the unliving
respect andl afflectfi on of his fiemns."'
A noble1 old South Carolignian-woir
thy of' the State when the. State stir
v'ived-there can be minigled w ithi the
iebl soil of M~Iissourti, no flne'r dust
than his. d. P. T1.
Ofi Tihiouisands of acres of land are
y3ing idle-they can be redeemed by
Obifnary of A Wesltrni Ilitor.
Ye editor sat in his rickehty chair,
as worried as wvorriod could lie, for
ye devil wits grinning before him i
there, and "copy !" ye devii sayed
Oh, ye editor grabbed hiis big quill
pen, andl it sputtered ye ink so free,
that his manuscript looked liko a wiar
map, when-"T'1ake this," to the dev'.
il spoke lie.
He scribbled and soteheod through
the live-long (lay, no0 rest or refreish-.
ments had be ; for the devil kept con
8tanitly coming that way, and howin~g
for more "cop-."
Day by d ay Ie scissorel and wrote
l saying the wtalqo cenitree ; while
ye dei il kept piping his singlo note
'A little more out.side cop.,ee !"
And when yo boys in ye news-roomn
iear the smuind of ue(uaiI fry, the
voice of a blow and i blispheliouS
wVord, "ol's raisia' the devil I'' say
And oft when a wan with a griev
ince cune in, ye editor man to sce,
he'd turn his 1 luck with a word of
sin--"Uo talk to the devil," say3ed
And ever and oft. whent a "proof"
if his work ye prop, ictir wanltud to
iee, "Ye proof s.ali bc shot.- n by ny
er:-oua clerl: :you imlust go to tle
devii, s yed e.
And thus lie waq lestinctl throuh1
IlI IJ his h11e, b-y thlist-pirit tor-Inent
Ad to bc ; inl lunger -till ptici ty,
01row anIllid .(I ife, ilways close to
.Iovil w, he.
Y". editor died. 4 D'ut 30
levil lived oU. ! A the force Io
Life's ha bits we -ee, for ye (d ito't
breath 1.0 si'oot r iaid gine, thani
trnight to ye tvil wen(!lit be.-E.
i . i1 li1oor'e-1 tI it a :oiln of Brig-.
bamn Yotnug is going to mairiy ait.
ly estabishedl femle~l, tnina1ry.
Paille Guano11 001k211u111;,
Solub'e Pacific Guano.
TH lI G U %\N i now n; "el1 hin i
-tall ~ i imuhera Sial. it.i s re
il w k:thie0 c 1fects It an :1 ey 1411i.
ti .ie jd'dre' of lho.- :not ii
141 eigiti ye-u:4 i pf hl a <1- i, i
li 1 :e pi ti it . . , i, -
! 1 03:000 01 1he I' . . e 1'(1ce
Ali; (itt,111 Iii
hi it S 001 T 1 he H ilS p it i . .
itCIilite id, ar o as ib e or I.,
ll-t arc-i uldi er tI lie e, r i i . it
tlicet oft Dr. Sit. .1 in I v- . iii.' U ii'
un1: iy and eC m.nl l n ik pI;- l he
';lik 'N 01,iM
iel n.? r e t t t tilt nit' t
N ii' C ii .\ ti I : l iv a :. tCo., it
iteiilalc e er tti d 1.\. Ic . n-ieI b i e
TO a1CeT.ile( phuntereo. Iltey. kcan~ rlord
nlow Ind t ve iil I 'st li. . 1 I etjd,..
tttiN' whether the wi l Ii o ." - nw -r
fcy by the . e- tad, no ilayage oil
A C 11) ti tI(') .;I I T E. j AU.\ )U.4jl NE,
l.., 1i"i . S h . it i - i
un.l e i gned V e 1t a l'e it 1t t
\bell & i ro . 1.0 Ia i. 11.~T &e~ C j., -
Ittnit' T.li O will1) ..t-tll. le-'tine u
la'bes of th 'rif.liry3 we n I)hit n
.or 1)1 ihat v d.a lolide s on ih! C:.h
YNern o year f e p:tfo .i :n fon il.a oUh.
C1*041Mr.uAted. datifaci1n uar..10,ed.
W Im. .\riLed. t.
innt o j.l. 7e; ivWN.
-D ' u t are 1 r.by :a !vLid rhaa ien
We i eit inse l. ti ie 1n 111 1() ye
o ufo UXh4e pre-en arid ;u te rr
1rte )v cahi. ie i n ut of enies v
Wn1 it. to Ilo-ir dvanay 14, gi-,p M a tall
Xo r o ITeow
I (Cm- 110~.11 r1AVc1i ool ' .4130xs Saill.
6I', cl-t (thv.iiod 8111t
gvixc, Al -1 t ine Caindles,
2 Iloxes SI arch,
icree I 1:1111Si.
R. J. TM'cCABILEY'S
Cn- Ivr 4 '',". - .I B~ . ,
s I! d ' ,c 411 fil I I ii1I
F a -t , Io It v1.1
(y.4llvi Vij~;ICi -(1 31 ae th :4Io rt 4:44.
IIV uO1H 4'.1 a "'tohd i.e. thleyr
11oi PP:I Ill
NDe ILII. 11 On. Pi l Ices ar
c4 ill Iil ii I e w ait ii -:
S. LANDECKER & CO
aire offering at extremely low prices.
Best Calicoes 10 conts, Drese Goods at
Clothing, Boots nnd Shoes Reduced to
REMEMBER THE FIRM,
S. Landeclker & Co.
LP INSURANCE CO.,
ASSETS $1 '0,000.
Ron. Jefferson Davisi Pres't.
Gen. Wade Hampton, Vice Pres't.
J. D. KEP NDY,ta'Q Agent.
DcDOi(Si EG LESTON,
inny 1-. ly Local Agrtt.
YOiRi VI Y iE, s. U.
Ti, lu.mutiom is fulily sup.
.i liy icientilic nlppunrtis ;nd
a ihe recent ix'emmion of lihe
' oe of stuiesilc pltees it, in~
Ih roioa lank ol' Fontherna lEducatijonal
I nst it ut ioa it. T1he timsa sessi 'na of' the
Shlaai Yea':r or l87-1. will baegina on t ho
2.1 of F'I l~ItI th I|Y Ai pl' y for Catalogue
cnain nR fulT urrienlars.
C( .. A (OW,\RD,
'hn, I ldb c.ma aadm i gIo ip
RTirc e laxa neipwm0 ad Yu,
'tyw o I arl ne crpN.O M ise
Chmeese, Crackersm Suigar, Ceffee, &c.
LOW FORL CASIH.
dec 30) UEATY & 11RO.
A FEW APLTOATION -fAE
Puro Blooming Comlexon
li r rel f w-t~be, ait peato i so
an e i nt on r. t d o s w y i h h e F us a
Ap a a c au-d b int aiie a d E ct
.c t 7la s a d e no e a l o th i a la p e
Pde~ni arkand nsihtl apt.Divsn
99.> < h . ub ra db t e th
(d1'tiec rnnlstefdo h c i
PuoTHU Bloom CompExUTY.
os S1a. c he, a and 14ncymm.emilb trc Depot,