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THE FAIRFIELD HERALI
Pnblildied Every W ednesda at
W7NNSBOR O, S.(,
W'ILL A.21 IS <5 D./IT
TERI?18-IN A 1) IVA NCk.
One Copy one year, -$ 3
leo ". " 6" - - 121
Ten I' - - 25
'Taxiyers Convention-Atidress.of 1
'rusidleit- MemorilI to tngress.
The opening address of the Ic
Aent of the Convention, Ilon. V. I
Porter, was a masterly expo.-,ition <
the corruption and fr.ands of ti
State Govcni6'ne nt. Want of t-pac
will not permit us to give it in ful
The chief points, as given by the rT
.poijter of the Clialeston News an
Ucurixr, are as follows : ,
'I h 6t the bad faith of the Sin
Government and tle public oorru
tion and extravagance la,] made til
reassembling of the convention Uec<
sary. The tax-payers are indespai
They have no civil freedom, but a
tho subjects of a plain and nake4 de
potitim, t lie preponderance Qf'poljiti
power boing in the hands of non-ti
payers, who rnfuse the taxpayprP
fair representi tion for their rrote
(ion. The prcperty intore'st, repr
senting one lundred and seven
million dollars Of property, is taxi
,ad libitum, without its 'consent, I
those who bear no burden and enjt
the spoliation. Governor Port
showed by facts and figutfes th
whilo the taxable property had d
,clined froin five hundred millions
.9no hundred and seventy million
the taxes 4had risen from $400,o
to over $2,500,000. The people a
virtually required to pay twen
times a ninch as before the wi
The bonded debt is trebled and t
'onint of the floating debt is u
known. The legislative expeni
have risen fiom $40,000 to $300,00
000. lIe suggested that the conyc
tion should encourage imiigratia
organizo thu tax-iaiyers in eve
county and ie Ilorial ize (Congress :
a ro I ress of grievam-es. By resoli
troris and acts tlie Federal Goveri
nent can do much to improve o
011d ition, for t lint gove.r' ment is t
only power the wrongdoers. Ila
croft, the historian', had saig ti
South Carolina founded the Ame
can Union, uidor tle lead of Uni
,den and Rutledge and Lynch. 8
was the first to answer (lie cgli
Massachusetts in 176'5. \yith
her no American Congress woi
have been le d. One th ing I
American people may be dispoed
remneiber againbt South (arolil
but there are niy thingi ,thoy ci
not afford to fo-get. .et Is app
to the Aminirio an pteople, and if ti
aiul heed tle call. '110 adalress 1
reecivod with ,eh appIlause, e
oially the reference to imiigrat
I ..d to the part played by Stul
C&rJina in ili war of, inOidependeti
.\I r. Armitead 1 lurt siuinbmitted
followinig memorial to the Conigres,
.the United States, whieb was ado
o d :
To the Senate and IlIonse of Rep
r-entitives of the Congress of
The imemorial of the tax-pay
and othler cit izens of South Carol
res ectfu llly s ho weth :
'iha~ t alien the .reoonstruct ion
the Staite (1ovornmtenut, andu ther
,in ission of Senators an d Represei.
t ives into Congres.s of thne Unil
States, it was doubtless intended
CJong os, as it wan expeted by th
that they would become partalter,
the rights enjoiyed by citiiens of 1
United Sttes and of other at~
Governmients. 'The history of I
coutitry teaches that taxation wi
out representation is tyranny ; e
Ievolutioniary fathers combined to
bist such tyranny ; anid we feel assi
ed that it waIs never tkto intlnt ion
the sons of those mien to allow t1
v'ery systein to ic fastened uip
any' of their fellow citizens. It hi
1ver the less, come to pass that
U overnmenut established in Sot
Carolina, under the legislation
Congi ess, has been iiiade the, ipst
ment ofefl'ect ing this mnonstrous
pression. That department of
State Governmient whlichi exercises
taxing power* is administered
those who own a mere fraction oft
property of the State. Seven yea
have elapsed since the reonstruoti
of thie State Government ; and duri
that period, of the p~roperty taxc
a majority of the members of t
Legis[ature owvned no part whiatos
iand tho remaiiining mnembers owncd
little that their pay as me
bhe counterbalanced their<
tire interest as property hiolde
'Ihe result is thiat those owning t
pro'perty have no voice in theo Govem
went and thiose imposing the taxes
share in the burden thereof - t
taxes have advaned~ yearly unt ii,
maniiy cases, they corsume more th
one-.half of the income from the pi
pert-y taixed. 'Vho annual expenises
the Government have advanced frc
$'400,000 before the war to 2,501
00 ait the pr eseint time. The follo
ing c*omiparison 0. leadi~g ites
expendituro will best exhibit t
Palairies~ $ 76i,481 03 $ 21 0,791
t ing . 17,446 66 U31.945
LeCg'li ive ex..
penses 61,837 00 291, 39
Pulblic A sy
hums 26,897 00 128,i32Q
-In nd 6,092 90 75.08
Sudres 831.413 31 298,008
$260,068 59 $1,356,216
) These facts exhibit the unproceden
ted spectacle of a State in which the
government is arrayed against pro
perty;., It has been openly ayoweda
by prominent members of the Legis'.
lature that the taxes should b@ in
creased to a point which will com.
pel the sale of the great
) body of the land, adil take
50 it away from the former owners.
. Thle fruit of thi.i policy is sho'a in
l the fract stated by the Comptroller
General in his oflicial report, tlnt
for default in the payiment of taxes for
. the year 1872 ulone, 268, 23 acres of
land were forfeited to tho Stat '.
f And this result proves the fallacy of
the belief that them policy pursued
promotes the elevotioa of the black
population arid the acquisition by
t.nerp of the lands thus vrtuIally oon'
d fiacated. The reverse is the heces.sary
result. Lands are unavaliablo as egeuri
to ty ; mortgages in defikult of pay mcnt
P. connot sell ;. wages have declined :
0 the cost of living is ruaide grCatec by
8 the addit ioin of the tazes to the price
r. .of commoditicti ; tljbe poor are in..do
re poorer, and reindered every di y more
. incapbJle of, Trchsiny lands, itnid
.l more hopeles .of rising :.bovo the
LX .ohdition of more laborei:. It won d
a have amoliorated the condition of
c. your petitibers. if thtu effect of th is
0. policy had been 'to ereato an acLive
demand for lands on the part of this
d laige clas of our population. But
ly while .tho o*n.rs are, by vpprotaivo
Y taxation, driven to sell, others for
r the same reason are disqIa- ified from
. Tb . abuses in the Ligislative De
to partmncit that have been desoribed,
are not confined to the inoro rai.sing
)0 and expeudituto of revenues but.
re they pervade the entire cond'ict of
the departinont. Schemes have been
., dovised for issuing State bonds anid
e for contracting other loans, by 'whi'h
1, the public ilebt has in six years been
C raisol from $5,000,000 to $16,100,
000, and that with advanicing any
public work, adding one dollar to the
, publio proparty or to the payment
of the bi*io debt. L-rgo as tie
or sum 01 the pab ia debt is ndiitod
tto be, tile,. ,., reason to believo it
. does not reach the true amount ; it is
r found i possiblo to useertain t1e
lie naturalsuiy of the obligations that
n- have boon issued. Schemes of pub.
at lie pluinder have been openly ad no
i ed by otrupt measures, of which one
1s- single exlpl.e will sullice. Iwo
ie Ole ks of. the Legislaturre, in their
of icial capacity, tiade coitran'ts with
ut themsel ves, as private persons, for
i the public printing. The r.ppropria.
he tions made in one year for work done
to and ji be dtmo by these two aufficials
in amounted to $475,000, exclusive of
in $100,000 for publishing the laws.
A'l A\ud in thotiEcal year 1874 there was
oy actuidly paid to thorn for painting
$1334(00 tno, n. n n. larn Sa viim ,ail
as3 " I., 4I y .i ato.. And :this,
.nolinh 1W)t06% 11th nvoital of ,he
01 twoofnicials the msi1elves, that tie work
ith done was worth no uoio than $100,
000, and the teetifidiiy of others
he that its value ivas. ouiy $30,00o.
of he slt upondois ftriud involved in
this and similar modes of miaking the
leg1itimate iObjectS of publ41 ic expend i
re- tie the t medium of plundering the
1 rea.sury, Cannot be better illhe4trated
.ethan by. the, following facts~ The to
Li ta aippropm taions for publio printing~
i mado by t he legislatuLre of South
Carolina, during a period of. it
of years, from 10. to 1 850 is $271,
dl 180. D~uring the last yeur the
ta- ag netualIly expendedl for p ubl ic
printing by the present Liegislit ure
bywas $33l,(15. That is $60,755
more th nan it cost ,thle State for aixty
of years before tihe w..
hie CommiiritteOs have .ieceived large
it sumis as compensations for reporting
hie favorably on pirivato bills ; and
th. strong reasons..ex,ist for believinigth at
ur a large amnoun t of State batik
.e bills, funided by the State to djechage
hrer liabili iy, have been reissued by
of~ those erltrustedm by the Loegrslatur'e
,itith terncellatLion theoreof..
on lai tihe Judiciary JIepPirtinenit, evils
e, egnally grievous have been prodluced
he under the preoseint State Gjovn,rnme nt.
Lih The Jurdges held their oflices for
of short terms. Tfheir contiunnce in
'.oicdependsl upon the caprices o
,the legislators. The result is, that
he the dluties of their highl office are dis
he charged utnder- influences aind re.
by sponsibilities nreossaily ad(erse to
be tire indhependenit admninistration of
., justice. Th'le jurors, moreover, are
Lin selected by three offioials, of wheom
twoi arc the appoinrtens of tihe Gov
dernor. TIhe conser1'rtonce is, that tihe
h' defcat of an oibnoiatons litigant may
li e made certain by the selectionm of
so the jury. Or if no sp'eeial ohject be
~. contemplated by thueo col.ials, the
n. choice is frequeontly made, simply
re. for tire anniril pay, of meni who are unt
eable to eithiel jead or wifte. In
neihreasei tihe eiida of jubtice are
lie In teExecutPhe tiepartment, all
t*es eisculiniinate. It is openly
assortedl and1 believed that d*fiees ar'e
the suibjret of barter f and1 the nmtrn. I
fner tn whieb such~ ofibes oe admrinis
n bored proves thrat iualification lies
little influenC rce ini tire appointmon elts.
.Y In mat ters. nder the controj ,of a
of sindio individu'al, it is dialeilt to
ae prove corruption ; but there i.' one
atato of facts that alwys stand for.
proof. .A farge expndituraeof mon-.
so ey byan offlcipl,,whio is withourt any
estate aind receives but a. noderate
06 salary,-establihres' Geyond a ,d b ~
47that tihe money miust coime from somei
i rregular sou rce, Qn this principle, n~
1i the tw~o governors cleated tindehr the ~
preseut (konstitution st and condemned t
in publio opinion. To detect anid 1,
punish these crimes is impossible
ra the Governor controls the avenues
>0~ ofjustice. indeed, the entire system r
- is oneo of self surstaining and self-pro
Jt mosit of the States, there might
)e som chunce of redress, through ti
bebal lpt..box. But here, aoain, the o
(tto Govcrnient interppses Un in- tl
superable barier. Tho elections are n
>onducted by persons appointed in D
,be.interodst of the ofiluials, ar.d the a
-eturns are under the absolute oon. I
rol o[ the parties in power. Under b
uch circumstauces,vo.tiog is a fora a
ind slections a mooker'y. p
Suffering undor s uQh griq.Vnnces, h
di6d despairing of relief from this a
,overtJ lent, your niemorialists -coFe
esupectfully to your hopfoable body
or red c-. The eo r'un:Keia *hich
hus oppresses us was virtually es
ablishod by oangreass ; and while. wh 1
>elievc they did not foresee the evils v
o)whieh it has giveni ride, we caniot r
0144t tihlat they will assist iti, ronov.
tag thelm 1-t soon as they Dye datir-fied
it tlir exhtaenco. Ali that we iaive P
s!.erted i' cupable of proof; but 0
Mnowing as we a.o that the evils or 1
iIb weom palitin are certain in
heir exi.,te, aindar mor;o likely
o iaaere'- c tfnt li'mini.d your mem- r
ia ,ar' i tost earnctl(jak your aid
I, NW1ov-iing Ohe prel er remnedy. il
2,000 caopies ol the mnemuriAl were U
irdered prinited, in form to rcceive ti
he signiatures of the nemtbers (of the
oanvetinai, and copie: w re ordtered
o be soant to the Governioria of the
everal State, andl talso to the Presi
lent of the S. nato and Speaker of
Ite latae of Represontatives of ,
3outh Car-lina. .
The consultation room of t'be MIas.
esippi Sanpjremtae Court mtumt be a
ive!-y plce and witno.-ses sotine
igh ,ld noenes occasionally. The t
biefJu-tice nnd one of his Associ. b
6'cs are at.id to ha on 'ertms the re
,eise of good, and a scetne reFort ed a
I e other Iay aows tlt heCy mtanLi-, t
est their di slke for each otler in a (
nantner extra j idiuial aind nqt .sty
iaed bay thu 1.ighe.a authtoritie.
t was betw (. a Chief Ju.astico Peyton
atd Juidge T.,rbell, while they n ere
onub t!:ig over at caso. Tbo (1 31f it
usie tat*o Iadsit ant exaspeoratin rtu mrk,- e
tal Julge Tabll itac'O a t'ovemient, h
vierepon tlhe learned Chief Juitice
Irnew hi kaife andal was aboa't to try
ta cutttig ( anlit ioa on Tarbell, who
le third Jistice intorfered and pre. I1
oteld blooiIbed. We have heard it
>f caNgs which were ala cided by h
'big i' ,curguaas knocking the lCser
lown, but thle Missismippi style of
>ut.ing a julicial knife itto at broth- a
'a Judge is prestmed to be sonae- e
hinag of an tinanaovatiota on the dignity
and decormta of the Supreto Bench.
l'he , Icksburg Herald reports the
LONDON, elbrnary 28.-The trial
)f the Tohborna !aimtaat, On charges
A perjury, cominittcd during the
trial for posscssion (of the estate,
".: . t..... ... .. r---P-.n ,i w a,-.a
af 180 days, was bronght to a close
tls manorning, and retilted in the cona
victiona (of the tacused 'Ties jury,
fter being out a lhort time brought
in a verdiet. of guilty of the charges
itad the claitant wvats sentenced to ai
fourteena years petni servitu de. c
''laero is great excitematent over the
verdict and extras anrnounoing it have
been issued by ths pajpere. e
Rtiholaanod, Vir'ginaia, is about to be
utobbled upi by ta gotenean in M ties
insippi. TPao Ljouaiville (.\isaisaippi)
Hananer, of tihe I14t~b. inatanat, stays:
"Ouar old fri itnd, C olonel~ \VW. S. Boll.
itng, i hforjias us tha.alio inase ree~' iead
a letter froin hais ador:naey, in wich (al
het statesa that thare cani be tn) doubt
buat that thea Colonel will rocover thec
)wnnershaS tored'arly one0 hta'. of thea
yity of' Itichmosind, Vi~rginaia. . if hlao
ga ins thao .suit lao will beo worth motaere
t h~at t atn naillIions~ of dioll arsn.,'(n Coo
aol1 Wia lliama K" Bolting ithe in ymr
f thet little towna of Louaiaihae ll ad.
Th'ie \alastne htunt~ legt-.1 ature hase
htada iL atteation attra'tet i to then
1ow.phg ieni canditiont of th Ic ~il-~
d a d Cait r~ s~1 aule5d ita ai.e nE lls
in thnat state, asnda to .rnrmo~dy -it has e
in' t p)-a'eaI a la (ordliddiantg the eInI- e
riloy nent by at y-m aaakutnfnurhag. cor.
poratiqnot of tionten, or chal dreni tuder
I8 .i eaur.a of tage maoi o th ant sixty htourt.
at anyi (ane wvock. S arty haoatrs a
wveek1 iA teat hourst a day. rThe blassa-.
ilausettsa tat-k-'Unetce must be ian
aa'satiatblo'saet, it' thaey caannot be statis.e
ied with ithat maucha labor from theso
ender empleI Ia
/ Professor of Pbelonay .was reitent- h
ly at rested itn Cindeitnati. 11lie natpe
wits John Carnaey, atnd a maanansor'pt "'
vas (funad ena .hinm entitled a "Lee. at
Lure to 'lhieveaa," witha a schedule of r
>rietes for one0 hutndreud ,lessoans, as v
(16# For high waayniaeon, $15,
roblers', $20) ; foqttonds, $9 ; piek.
c taa, $90i ; alaopl iftersi, $200.
tanecl thic'. es, '$1I50.; bu rglIart', $5,tatI I
:orI iideICnee' mea, $,00 : O I l unrroterst
53till taapers, $25 ; counater htop. at
aaer s. $h2 f, hota'l thliaeves, $6 ;'h tain
oll bInc , $3.a00. The Pa (fesasor talsto
>roaposed to .aa e'io, ka "the w Ay to
ob thenir emploaa .aiad M.qt..ro it up) 5.
aj otn their 'oaks.', . p
oneta Wof, tihe war ohief of- tile
'aiwas, .a'aco:aapar.atively civilir..'d C
naail..he laately hea.ardi of tine death of ii
nis son. l~e land an amabulatnco and o
pair of rmuales, and said lho was try.
tag to live itke a whirto mana. Th0
oan wats kill ed whaile raidinag in T'e.taas; '
aoneO Wolf drew htis revolver, shaot b
is mules, birokle up hais wagont, piled b
i atad hai is dge .on top o* ti tat mules.
nda burned thte pile. l1b shaved oue
ide of his head, stuck a black feathtera
ohind hais ear, and started his fob- ft
>wers on the war path. ti
An Iowa farmer, whot has been mar..
ied only seven weeks and has.. had to. h
qy a wig, offers to bet that his wife 1
an whin a panthe.
An extraordinary piece of daring I A
>ok place at the shootiog gallery ,j
a Saturday nighL. The . .actors in i
ie scene. were c's-Policelnan New- l
an and Mr. Morri's Hennessy. Mr. ,ll
eOwman, pith stirprising uer'te, bold 'i4
n orange upon his head while Mr. S(
lennes y shot at it twieo. hitting it
uth times. Mr. Nowm.u also held
u.'empty guti-cap box in a depon'dirig
Oitiou from hatid, the uaiSksian la
ittilig th.L-also, amLley uiar the Irk
in~t i .--D s, ( Taa*) HeralId. W
The estill atod nber of Mexican f
>l.diors niow .uivivitng i6 36 57b. p
be.:c ari alo e-timatrd to be a' out w
4, O0 widow,. of tie lMexiesn war dr
eteran, mifw survjyig. The qwkpunit
<(iiied per nnfaitn to p *y tho pOP
mix memorializ-ni for will be $5,.
40,760, and thu iggrugate sum to hi
ly them for thi r average duration A
life "ould the itu.uunt of $67,. i
Coniressa has pas.i-d Senator Mer
men's bill increasing the National
nriency by $40,00' 000. on' linit.
g it to $400.000,000- -,-'nfor
1)bertsni of South Carolira votod for VC
R1. MEANS DAVIS, Editor.
Wednesday Miorning, Maich 4, 1874. Ov
The Lr;isl tire and the Taxpayera.
The Legilliture is offed<.d with a
.x taxjiiers. The acts adt forth r
y Lt rCeeit ConvCLtiln were titie
i.d -so outrageou-s that the Lagi.,laI.
ne i's tretti ling for the effect on e-1
on gre: and the people of thl hU1n;t. h
Id State'. Lik, crin.iials they foel ta
tnt, their day h-is come, aid now, t.
the elev. at h hour they are repei.t- it
ig, not from any detire for a better *t
ourse bf ife, w% e fedr, biut it o' der to .
ave another chaice of di'ing into hi
o Stote treasury. Th0 specebes it
>ado by keveral of our virtuous aS
iwgivers on the question of presert- w
iga cour.ter miemorial to Congress, sP
lainly vidence the fact that they g%
re riled. The titnth hurts. Thy a<
rniver the wholesile charge of in- P,
yHImeteLey venali:y anid partizin. b3
lip with a fie acot-ation. that a a
ow consivatives )ought them when vi
buy filly offered themselves for I
ale. The Radical piarty will iotdgi
>e vifidicated by imipttecliig the hi
haracter of a few Conservatives.
'he latter were private. citizetis, ir
he chosen a-istodiais 9f the trenurre p
n! honor of the Stato. An inai..i T
idual will do many things in private J
ire he would tcorn to do if laced in tI
n official position. The liadIicals are Of
asilysatidied if they en emsole W
hempelves (vith this itlwIiitesimal 1
rumb of comfort. It will be of lit- I
le service to them when they are el
alled 1,efore the bar of Justice. i
Th~ Tate William HI. Me~aw.
,There is an old adage, "Whomi the e
sods love, die young."' This w'as a
xemnpified in the unfinaely death of as
Viliham !t. McCaw, who in the0 fullI ti
iride of man~hood, with- Idiurels thick- tII
y elustel-ing around his brow, wa pa
ailed up-on to iield !its buighit life K~
uto the.hiands th at ga ve it.. t
Tfhe subject of this sketeli was nn oi
*t'inary man. A mong the many ei
ifted sone of Carolit nhose, names w
re initerwovent into her history, there r
I nlOne who in) his youth grive bright- j
r promise of a brilliant and us'eral I]
aroer, and none whose lo~as will be as
tore deeply felt. ai
Mir. McCaw was born in A bbevil le pi
%i.;uty. ,Both at school and ini col- s1
ige ho evinced at brilliancy of talent g'
tat won tihe adminiration of his teach- si
re ; while his genial temnperamnent J,
arar~e ociial qualities endeared eri
i-n to bia fe~llows. Aftergradiiation to
e enteredl the profession of law, bu;t J.
>eig abandoned it for the field of jour- Li
alismi. Jhero his chief serviees were j
midered, and hero h is laurelsg were p
'on. lie entered ardenitlj into the wi
ruggle itn iehalf of jtis peopeIt, and Ia
obly did bie battle fci their rights.- gr
n the dlisordered statu of the cou -
y, htontosty and tvuth wereott , jad w, m
ndi. fratfdl an&l crime ntatlke:l boldly at
high places. But Ottr fr,iend ,pos gr
msed the talent ini nerve to cairry gJi
ci ala~ost r-ingle handed the d.--e
arate conliet . J' ebew ir tall that er
'as me~an anid low, his incisive pe or
it like a Damascene blsde. po~netrait- ar
g every disguise a,pd la~ying bare ~Tj
rruption in all its htideousnss,--.. to
efore the onslaughts of this youn>g
arrior, th,e pbaktny of erime fell fe
ick dlistnayed and1 appalled. The su
uiwarks that had been reared for th~
roteetion were ruthlessly .. swept ri1
'my. To save thiemselves they of- Ti
red hint bribes of *very nature, in 11
e most alluring forms. But al.a ba
ough he felt the panes of poverty, m
5 pure nature indignantly spurnled pa
em all. "I will accept nothing If30
om those T am agiondto ath." ,,a
d t'las kvith the watchword "9u #1
ve," he stood as ,a entinel. Through
W thQ State learned of the infa- t
ous conduot of ter officials.
irodth him th'b governmeut of
>uth Carolina buecqe a byword of
proach uinong'al1 hone4t men. Ile
is.bi1ginpiag to ase the fruits Qf lia
bors.ripening into maturity, when
ah instant', without a word of
arning', he wns cut off. The fell
e fl'en, us iffn i'ztie nith the
dWero of diirkiss igainst whom le
us warring, ctfoldied . hi in her i
ead embrace, anad hii bi ight spii it
nged itself to better worl'ds. -6
gher eloomium can be passedt upon f
u than thin tp died qit his pos/..
t the Iast Woieut, idhilti his lifeI
is fluttering between 'two worlds,
9 cry wiasr still, 'Oi the 0ui rive, on
e qui vive."
It is a glorious spectacle to sec a
niqueror with his battlo scarred
teraus marching to victory. It is;
glorious specofele to see a stato.s
an in the forum imaiitaininig the
use of right. But it is sucbi ume to
e a sing.le individual throwing Lim.
If into tlhe breach, sarn defrinjg the
hole . machinery o; government,
*urnirg every bribe, con i onting
'cry danger, and dy Iig 3,t ht!, po,
poor honeet man. Peace t,> his
Judge Carpenter aun the Press'
Judge Carpenter ha., b.c'1 guilty of
traordiinary conduiet of iatu. Firs
Silelaed six uttoriio-,s at law Io
kiri a stc' thAt was nipported by
0 decisions of two Uitted Stat:ns
idges and a Circuit J udge of thi,
tte. SeC.Idly, he (liseharged a
r'y fur inoampetei,ey, although We
.v ncve'r yet disc ,vered the a uthor
y ha pOss'ssed tjr 1r> doing. B1t
this was erring on the side of right
001: im ded his actioi in this re.
ect. l3ut he has recently be. n
lity of an act nhieh we regard as
.irecot attack upon tho liberty of the i
0ss, and as auch we cannot pass it
in sileice. The Trua Southron,
paper publi,bed in Sumter, in ro
ewing the Judgo's ecoiduiit in the
Lvings Bank ca-se, used harsh lan
inges;.and we..have heard, tLt not
ving seen th. bamptismal register
pun which ih Cristian name of this
idicial functionary is we itteni, it
ubbed him with the cuphoaious Up0
ellaition of "Rob f.n k'' Car enter.
his roused. the ir'e of the learned
udge, and he attached Mr. Kennedy,
ie editor of the Ti ue Sotithron, for
>ntempt of Court. t'he. case will
ill be heard Ln the 31 Marcl.-.
t'*, bow'ver, we may disapprove of
ic custom of bestowing opprobrious
ilithers up in in hid~ulials, whet her
I publiegi; J~ivate lif'e, he ,eontend
*at tihe :nordy pcr.@osed by .Judge
arp'jenter is not the proper',one to be
urnued, and t!iat in rtnthing for
iemnpt instead of proseccuting for
libeld, lie hasi beenl gniitry of such
n nwarranted stretch of his au
cority as Judges as to call upon himn
'q indignanet rebuke of every indce
ai espaper in thle State. Mr.
onnedly was not, in Judge Car pen
r's Court. Ili wa-i attending to hits
litorial deitIes aI. home, in aunothlier
reuit., if guilty of auiything, hie
as guilty of libel, and should be
gguiar'ly indicd befor'e a graindi
cry, and tried bcy t welve peers.
utt Jud1ge Carpenter cin hi. arrogant
sumption of piower, proposes to not
prosecdtor,' Judge an d Jury, .i~e
oposes to exercisee the saeine eensor
ip of the press as the mnot despotie
cverniiint in Chrcstendon). At a
iceh of his pen he cn silcece every
>minal in, the State that daers toc
iieise him. This is an indignat1
which the press will not submilt.
.Jge Carpcenter forgets that the
me has long sineo,pcasred whien tihe
dicial, hegislativo, or,. executive
>wer could thnrci tle thle pss5 at
I1. Tihe pre'.ts is a pocwer ini the
ud, arid its freedom of c'14eeh i.,
carunteed b~y t he t'oeeztitutioni.
No mlean van &tat.(i~ girt its fuln
inationsc. Before its atta'oks,'factionus
dc d3 nastiese havo crpocbled. The
oat neubioan pairty, of wvhich]
idge Cargcoeter' is a smiiall port ion, is
I no0w gcicng docwn bef'ore the fierce
claughts of Jour'nal ism, and1. cani]
eO 1man the'rw himself in t he breach
d arrest the tide ? Wo think niot,
ec press speaks withl a mlillione
nguos. 1t pelnitrates into every vil-.
go and hlamlet, and its wrath is a
irful thing. On whatever other
bject n'owspapers m'ay be divifled,,
ey are o unit in defenoding their
~its against tyranny and op'pressian.
icy will not spare Judge Carpenter.
e belongs to that swai mn of carpeti
ggers who are denounced,. in un-i
ensured terms by every respectablef
per, Radical or Demnoerat, North or
uth. Tfhe people of South Carol i- f
have anffere indigite lo ,
miiugh. Their wrath is boilirg over, o
.nd it behooves the officials in power .uI
,o have a care how they rouse them. 8
. few more kots of Qppression will I
)recipitate genel'al ruin upon the t
;oveimnentand all'oonneoted with it.
We givo warning, if that warning is1
tot heeded we- are not responsible
or what may comb. In conclusiota.
vecealll upo every newspaper in the I
state to res't this indignity.
Quecty-Why doesn't Judge Car
)enter attach for contempt, the leg
slature who iisarduced atni.les of a
mipeughtnlt ag~lnst him. . P
lf.a Judge can commit a news lger al
or coniseipt of court, wivy did J uge
-la wkins prosepute the Now 0leans a
Pienyuno for U'4? Why did not.
Judge Busteed attach the newspaperU
hut charged him with fraud? Why did
lot Durell muzalo the pIapers bifore I
bhe5Y.ht'-ught hiin to grief ?
Wiy does not Judge Carpenter at.
aeh the Tax-pay(ers wh' riddled his
lecision ? Why . is Judge T. J.
,lackey still permitted to run at
atgo. There are questinis we wish
rho Government and the Taxpayera Jon- '
The shining lights of Radicalism Z
in South Carolina are sorely dis- h
(; ar. t led. The action of the Tax- 1
iayer, Contventi n hurt thema badly, a
r~d heyi nye roaoing toevery mean I
0 leu raii.e its etfct. Their quirm
i-g is ludierous. Our Revereind
young G3overntor ias been holding 11
ligh tli cauclbses with hi suppor t
iri to devise soime plan 'or red--mtp
IUl. But the way, otit of the Ia'
.krinth is not near lo easy to disejv
31. c,4 the w:y in. The first expedient
.hey have tried is the denunciation of
he Taxpayers memorial, and the pre.
paration of a counter m.emoral to Con..
yress. This counter uiecorial would
be~pn admirable document were it.in
.erded for the ignorant nasses of the t
3tate, beiug a compilation of clap
trap argumintu t and fustian. But we
Are amazedt at the stupidity or the
nudacity of.the nuthori of this me
mI in in'.)rporir nch r a rgu
ments in a political ui eument that
must undergo tha. seutiny of such
men is Thuruan, Shur , S.umtier,
Bl3;k, Cox, Gorde'n and other icders
of the -ipoaition.g Benstvllutler, even,
with all his braown effrontory will
blnsl at the defenece made by hi.
confres in South Carolina,. Tiagine
[ie Senate of the United States
gravely coateii-lating the followiLLy
prop osition. . The.free po,putl.tion be.
fore the wAr enn about ";3o0,000, andi?
the taxes then wore $2.07 per caput..
At present the free . population ih
$700,000 and taxes are $1.C7 per
eaput , therefotre the expenses of gov- F
urnmient are mouch less than formierly. ~
A bare footerd school boy could detect
the fahJoy in. this coursc of reason t
ing. Compare the btatementt of lion,.
W. D. Pir ter, int his opening speech C
nI the~ Con vent ion. "The.. property ~
>f' the State in 1860 ounzted to
$5'(0,000,0o00 and to the taxes $-100,-.
3)00, whjie ii. 1873 p'roperty had de- t
areat-ed to $1 60,000,00ui, and taxa
tion had inicreas~ed to $2.500,U00."
Wichl oIf these stat ements will he
mnost appreciated by Congress / We e
aea stiggestion to the Republican t
party. .Don't try t~o stuff such non
ienso down thie throats of *dongress
notn, or you will be convicted of want
ti brains as wuell as want of. inutegri
7. Furthtermore, when the miemorl
L5sassy that the tax at present is but
1.67 per hed~ they are utterly at
ariance with. facet. The State tax
ilone, on * 176,000,000,. at I12 mills
s$2,1l2,000, while tihe county tax
iarries from lahge to five mills; mnak
inc at least $600,000 mxore, (not in.
tludhiag loeal tar,) oir a Oran-5? hggre.
int-o of $2,7 12,000 ground from an
mapovgri--ljedt people. This divided a
y 735,000, the poputlation, gives a
per ajpity tax of ,$3.60, in 1873)
o~tint $2.07 in IS8T0. Thoi memiorial I
1.-s ato convicted by their own a rgu. e
Again, in their tn lular statemniit
teimparing tI e expenses of govnn.11
aeit under the t wo regimes, they3 ft
iav'o an htem of $d0.000 ltr jury and '
t'nistabhle tickets bef'ore the war, and p
corre--ponding bldib. spce itn the
atter day exi enditures, evidently
viuhing t9 beguile Congress into the C
ond belief that present ju.rymnen and ~
otistables serve their Stiute frmn I
>uro patriotism.. The fact is that ~
utdicial expenditures hlave quad. C<
uplod since theo war,' beitng row paid to
'y tho counties insteaQ < f the Stat o..
he mnemorialists will please thefeofore "
.11 this blhankc by inserting an item of n
bout $160.000. The County ox.
enditures must be added also,'swell.
ng the aggregate' to an enormnous ~
The memorialists gloat over the
act that never was there toore than
80.000 appro.:iaeb the Dni
rats for education, whiie $300,000
re annually appropriated for the
LI'q.. porposo by the R'publicans.
y oewo unaocountable oversight
c' neglect to noution that over
300,000 were emnbezzed by the
Ing abd that aghIool certificates are
-cely hawied about at ten and twen.
f cents otn the dullaIr. ,.This speaks
ell for the "party of education and
rogress," and should, by all means,
u inserted iu their 'defence."
The ino:norial denies that the
veroge yearly expenses ofrhe 4Sa.to
revioub to the war, vere *400,00C ;
id in support of their ia-ertion, lug
i approl riations for the State House
Ad other woiks of improvement, for.
utting that the.e weie 0 anl investment.
Ie auoneys derived from taxation
efore the war may be seen in the
k.te Iluuse, tho Univeisity, the Asy.
14ns and the. court houses thirough the
Late i while.the moneys raised of
ite by ruinous taxation and fraudu
-ut issues of bonds, may be seen in
'urkers' 1ntt *, I.urleyville, the Goy.
riaors vanion, and the bank so
ounts of lead ing luminaries.
L:stly, the nemorial hoots at tho
ssertion tbat not a dollar of the State
ebt has been paid, and boasts that -
ctually the enormous amount of
ueo hundred and lwehe thoussand dol.
irs have been taken from the debt.
link of.tls. Eight inillion, of taxes,
td tei 'iiiilions of bonds required
uspay t wo hundred a t weil 'hous
Wl dell.rs ot deit Every doll,.
aid, u. s' the State $84 - dd ins I
6D other p-tty bUt, the "p:arty Ut
r gisee" would feel soeio delicy
Ia i n! ilg this exposition of its fi..au
Snco prev,aats us giving Upgn
leso nio' mek of th- facts
hih thle, liepublican adinits.
a-t. siutd r bon61t
forth and South.
There is "ometbing ainusing in the
act that whi1-e the 8d'ite Adininis.
rat .on is endeavoring to vindicato
from thea charge of extravagtaice
lad di-honesty, (Thigres-ena nn Elliott
dmnits. that the tirty has becooe t
tInch in tho nostrils 'of the. eivilize(
?orld. A house divided against
ts< If cannot stai.d. We ars, alo
truck with the pertinent -inquiry
f lutp ner t of Darlington, "Haven't
Ce Congre.smen lIaided deselves be.
ore dev tell us to unload "
Tim Hurley say..he came to South
airolinlfa penniles.-, rud now pua s miore
iutc'-th1n. the itire tax pajers Cont
etiI with the excption (.f five
cubers. The F.,ifield delegation
Iy taxes <n $117,560. Let the
m11ount j1aid by every deleuntiou ie
iven. We cnu then-by addition dis
over hov mnelh Tin does pay, and
'hether he is guilty of grand or petit
Cardoza refud to s how the tax
nyers' (hommittee the vouchers for
331,000 he) claimas to have paidl for
rintineg. on the. ground that he can..
att, ow thema to any but duly auw
iorized <-fliciials. Some colored men
ia th~is Counaty recently lost a bale of
ot ton, and suspecting-another color..
dl man, asked permiission to search
is ginehouy.o. lie- denied having the
>tton,- but ref'nsed the permission be.
tuse the lawv "didn't allow one man
search another's pretises without
warra nat.'" A wntlrrp nt w as procured
hn. the missing balo was dliscovered
MoraI-Dona't stand on technicali.
ies when your character is -imapoech
dl. You wvill be found guilty every
Tis uinrivaledl Monter h em i nedy I l
arnted not tu containr a single particle of
lercury, or, any inaJnrioums mineral sub
nce. baut is .
-* PURELY VEO ETABL4E,
antainintg I h~ose~ SantIhern lieos and lterbs
lich n aill -wise P'rovieen has placed In'
mnit iee whte Liver Diseases ini'ht.,
revnil. It with enre all Diseases caused
i LDeraneen or i6- Livay. -.
TIhe symeptnos of Liver Cormplaint are a
etCr or b~adh raste in~ Ihe mon.h ; Pain in
itainc, i1-1es or .Joints, often mnsaen'~
r ilhetnnitarb : Sonr 8ltmach, -Loss of
pptetite ; liowels nitern~atelv coiOllve and
C ; ilcendee; Loys of fnenry, willh a'
tinful sesrn 6f h'avine failed to do
mnmeing~ whichh ought. to have been done
ablilify, Low Speiribs, ai thick yellow sp.
~arance of the $kin and Eyes. a dry.
utgh ofei it mistakf'n, ?or' -Co'nimpeIo4'
>metimes many ofithesQ.5ymptora 'ttend
e disense, ni. othos'" erv few ; bit thg
yer, Ilhe larkeit organ .Ir the body, is
rerally te seat cr tbitt. ee, and if not
eglsulne In time. gt~rat suffering, wretch,
nos~ and Decag h will ensue.
This Great Un falnfr Specific will not be
nndme the least. tlutplensann.
For Dyr y'sptln, Cohnst irarior., Jlnundia,*
lious anmanks. Sick Jfendnehe, Colio,
peression of Spirits, Sour St omaeh, lie.urt
irn, &e., &e.
iMMlON'SLJVER REIIULATOII OR alEDI.
the Cheapest, Purest. aind Best Family
eiene in thec Worad I
Maniufactured ronly by
J. II. ZIIN & CO., r
.Macon, Ga.. anad P'hlidha\
Price, $1.00. Sold by all Druggi'ets,