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WILLIAMS & DAVIS, Proprietors.] A Family Paper, Devoted to Science, Art' quy, ind ustry and Uerature. [TERMS--3,00 Per Ann in Advance.
VOL.4X.] WINNSBORO, S. C. WEDNESDAY MORNING, JULY 22,1874
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Tcrma.-The I/ERAL D iP published Week
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invariably in advance.
46-7" All transient ndvertisements to be
PAID IN .4 D VANCE.
Ooituary Notices and Tributes $1.0(
per a quare.
ilCtlins of Opium.
A reclaimed victim of opium sends
to the Cinciunati Commercial his
prescription for the cure of the dread
ful habit. Arguing that the average
victim uses of the drug what is
equivalent to twouty grains of mor
phine a day, he counsels the prepara
tion, by a competent physician or
careful druggist, of 270 grains of
morphine, 22 grains of belladonna,
and 45 grains of quinine. Divide
this into ninety pill, eneh of which
will contain three grainis of morphine,
anid begin by taking three pillh a day.
The nine grains of morphine thus
taken, with their admixture, go as
far with tbe patient as did hii pievi
eus tweity grinis a day, owing to
the peculiar effect of the helladonna
ii the combination. Lower the
quantity of morphine in each suecos
ive batch of the pills until two
grains per dieml are reached, and
then less.en the proportion of bella
donna, and, perhaps, add a sinall duse
of nux voinica. The cure is said to
be almobt certain, but too much care
cannot be exercised as to the quality
of the Belladonna, which is a deadly
poison in anything over cautiousi
A Philadelphia disciple of Swed
enborg, M r. L. C. Jungerieh, desiring
to give the thoughts of that remarka
ble religious reformer a circulation
amnong these most likely to be use
fully affected by his teachings, made
an hrrangement with the Lippincotts
by which every Prostestant clergy.
man in t merica, who might desire to
receive it., might obtain a copy of
Swedenborg's "True Christian Re
ligion," a large octavo of over Goo
pages in wNhiuh the whol't theology of
the New Church is set forth, by sini
ply sending for it and paying post
age. Over four thousand copies
have been thus sent to clergymen
and students of theology, and a fifth
dition is in press, this wealthy
philanthropist being determined that
every theologian who desires the
work shall be supplied. A like offer
was made by the American New
Cburch Tract and Publication Socie
ty, through the same publishers, rc
garding Swedenborg's "H1caven and
lail," and fifteen hundred copies of
tbis have been distributed. The
first costs forty cents for postage and
the second twenty-six cents.
The Chester jail is at this time
without a prisoner. We should be
glad to believe that this is a strong
evidence of decreasing crime ; but
somehow we cannot avoid the suspi.
cion that the atate of affairs devel
oped by the late correspondence I-e
tween Judge Mackoy and Sheriff Yo
cunm is largely responsible for this
achin~.void in the public inn. Sambo
doesn'6% are to take lodgings at any
place of-entertainment which adver
tises a scaloity of "dem pervisions,
It is said that the quality of the
Egyptian cotton crop has been grad
ually deteriorating for some years
back. It is now irregular in length
arid is mixed with white and short
cotton, which materially diminishes
its value. The deterioration is at
tributed to want of care as to the
seed sown. The -large ginning facto
ries wher-e cotton of different quali
ties ie ginned, supply the seed which
is sown without sufficient care being
taken to separate the good fronm the
had. As a remedy it is ,proposed
that-tho cotton seed be supplied by
the Egyptian Government.
Tommy Purnell, candidate for Pu
perintendent of Public Instruction,
was a Ku Klux. And Tommy Sut-.
ton, candidate for Solicitor in the
4th Judicial District, was also a
Ku Klux. The Riads have tacked
on tnis point. They used to run from
the Knights of Darkness, notv they
run with them.n--Ch/Iarlottc Obscrteer.
Gen. Garibaldi is so unwell as not
to be able to hold the poen or move
his arm. Hie cannot by himself
bring food to his mouth-indeed ho
cannot muove at all, lie non~ receives
no one excdipt his most intimate
It was very distressing at WVal
lack's last week to see the audience
weep Oor the drama of "E~ast Lynn.'
PeArspiration and tears formed a
joint stock company, and rippled
down the face and neck to become
natuarted in a handkerchief while the
thermometer in the lobby danced at
95. At the conclusion of the per
formanen a more deroillazed collec.
tion of people woro never seen--N,
Our Duty Towards the South.
The President seems to have had
what the Soriplturos call the "sense
of quickoning" in reference to South
Carolina. We could not believe that
the manifold infamies henped upon
that State as "governielit," could
altogether be overlooked. Vo find
now that Judge Muckey has had an
irterview with the Pesident, a re
port of which is printed in a South
We are glad to see that the Presi
dent shows interest enough in a State
so sorely harassed as South Carolina
as to to express cven the moderate
opinions here reported. We observe
a tendency in the minds of Sout hurn
men like Lamar and Southern Jour
nals like the Richmond Dcspatch to
encourage this disposition onl the part
of the President by suggestions that
they will support him for a third
term as a ref'uge against the crimi
nal ambition of the colored man and
their unserupulouis allies. At the
same time the Sonthern people will
have to show unusual magn ani in ity
before they cant support Git. ''he
PresidJent and his party are alone to
blame not only for what we see in
the CnOitas, ittt for what is seen
it LAonti!ianart, Alilmma and other
States. To his military teniuis we owo
theo'nppression ol the rebellion. From
his poitical genius, sus.tained ns ho
hais been by t1he country as no l'resi
dent has ben :ustained since Wash
ing'on, we have hoped for the re
constrnttetion of th Soubth. Instea d
(if reconsti onet %i we have chaos. .lf
President Grant cin enable us to
revive and reliab1ilitake the Southern
States lie will add aiother to the ma
ny honorts he las achieved as scidier
antd a-4 Chief Magistrate.-N. Y.
Plologrtiphiliu oil Silk.
Silk thoroughly impregnited wilt
hichromate of potash presets a very
sensiti c photographic surface. Thus
preptared, any -hapos out out of tin
and laid upon it, may be beautifully
imprinted by the sun, and itn tints,
according to tle color of the silk.
A white or a very light silk shows
a delicate pale-red impression ; a
reddiah tint takes a still deeper shade
of red in the pattern, etc. Fern
leaves, arranged to suit te taste,
and kept flat, by a sheet of glass, can
be imprinted in the same way.
Bank of the Slate.
First class in gueismg, stand up
Sam uel, why are tle fundls of the
llank of the State like G rahamn bread?
Because tihey are made up out of
And, Samuel, why are they like
mainn ? Beeruse Moses needed them
to feed his fillowers. And wly are
they not like manna ? Because lie
ain't. going to get t hem after manner.
Ugh -Union Herald.
Adolphus aid Angelina flutter
into tie drug stores ocem-ional ly,
and she s vs she'll I ;nke it bitmon in
hers with the air of an old hand at
the business. Then she wattCelts
Adolphu i. Adolphus is a shrewd
ouss. So ha leam; over the counetr,
andt~ with a knowing~ witnk, says: 'I'll
take a littl tmore of that same."
lle's been there before, and hto gets
it, but it costs huimt twettty cents a
The South Car'ol ina negro Ihorsqe
thtief, who was cairried through this
city the other day by the Deputy
Sheriff of Liberty county, on being
asked why hte did not go to work and
quit, stealiing, replied that the Gov
oirier of htis State stole attd Ito waisn't
any better' "dan die Githnor."
M oses, tally.-A ugusta Cons':tuizon.
The Chinese livitg in San Fran
01sc0 have just comipleted an elegant.
theatre at a cost of $50,000. It. was
opened a fewv uights since with an
audience of 1,800 persons. TPhe
performlanco comment~ie.:i at '7: 30
Saturday evening, and lastedl until
thlree o'clock the next morting.
It is stated tuatt ihool. Derby will
notrest sat isfied witht the mtere pay.
ment of an indemnnity to Mr. Mag:ee,
the Britisht vice consul at San Jose
do GIIuatemalai, antd wvill itnsist ont a
formal apolongy bettg offered to the
British Government for the inisult of
rTho Rochesteor Chronicle says Lucy
Stonte doesn't believe that l-idies
ought. to cbange thteir nantes merely
because they niarry. L*ucy married
a ebtap namted Black well, and out of
compliment to thteir parents thte
chilad retn will be called Stone-Bhack
well, and if' one of 'em should ma~rry
Brown-Sequard and their childrent
should mtarry-Stop a moment, my
son. Take breath.
rThe Brooklyn Eigle credits thle
red uctiont of freights on live stock to
.the grangers. It is said that the
freights on eattle from Chicago to
Now York have boon reduced from
$135 to $80, and from Buffalo to
Now York fromt $80 to $45 por ear
The President Comes Uut Against lae
Corrupt South Cnrolina Rings.
The Charleston News and Courier,
of Saturday, contains an interesting
report of ai interview hold .with Sen.
ator Robertson, in which the attitude
of the Presidont and Congress to
words the corruptionists of this State
is fully exhibited. The views and
purposes. attributed to the President
are well calculated to engage the at.
tention of our people and to confirm
them in tie determination to relax
no elTorts to rid theiselves of the
vulgar and despicable tyranny which
loris it over them. We give the
iaterial poi tion of this interview be
Ileporter-Did the Presidentindi-.
cate %%hat lie proposed doing to help
the party to purify itself ?
Mr. Robertson-The President
can do nothing. I said to him that
the mass of the people in this State,
black as well as white, the intelligent
and uneducated alike, believed that
the United States troops were kept
here for the purpose of sustaining
the State Government. President
Grant replied that the people had nj
right to believe any such thing ; that
the troops were not sent here for any
such purpose, thoy were only here
to enforee the laws of the General
Government. He also said to ine
that lie would infinitely rather see
tie State Government pass into the
hands of the Dmocratie party than
to see it continued in the hands of
the corrupt crew who have brought
tlihigs to the present pass. Now, I
call that a pretty square thing for
the President to say. Ile wouldn't
have said it six months ago. It cor
tainly shows what he thinks of the
condition of affairs in the State.
And there is Judge Bond. You
know what were his sentiments to.
w; rds the South when lie first cane
here. Well, two weeks ago be ex
pres: ed the same sentiments as those
uttered by the President-that the
reign of corruption in South Carolina
aught to be stopped at once.
Iteporter-But, what do General
G rantand Judge Bond propose to do
Lo help us to reform the existing
Mr. Robertson-The General Gov
ernment can do nothing itself. Noi
ther can the President or Judge
I1on'l. Tha people of the State
the vote rs-Imust rodro's thcir
wrongs at the ballot.box. I have
heard that Attorney-General Wil
liais said, some time ago, that, in
the event of t lie continiuance of the
present corrupt Government in power
shon!d the tax-payers of the State
ref use to pay the taxes, the Ui'.ed
States would not lend its assistance
to enforce their collection ; and I
fully believe that the President
would not p rmit the United States
troops to interfere. The Govern
ment must )roteCt its citizens in the
eijoynent of all their rights, and
will do s,, but I am confident that
it will not give its protection and
support to bad men who rob the
plc and squander the publio
lleporter-What do you think of
the chances of reform inside the par
ty lines ?
Mr. Ilobertson- told the Presi
dent that there were good honest
men in the Republioan p arty in this
State, who, if they could be elected
wvould fill thme oflces to the satisfac
tion of thme people and administer
publIic eafE~irs ini an honest and
straightforward manner-, but I don't
think that they can be elected- They
don't possess thme strength, and I
hionestly believe that none of them
could secure the nominat ion.
Repom ter-U.nder these circumn
stances, what policy do you think
the Conservative voters should
Mr. Robertson--I believe the best
policy for the CJonservativo voters to
adopt, is to vote for an honest man,
no mnatter- whlo is r.ominated. I have
heard, since I have been bore, that
nminy of the white voters intend to
vole for Moses, because they think
thatthe strugglh will be a hopeless
one anyhow, aw'l that it will ho best
to perpetuate tbe present administra~.
tion in power-for the reason that it
is so noetoriously corrnpt that it ms
sooni come to an end. This is a nmis.
t aken policy. If youm do this, how
can you go to the Gerner-al Govern..
ment and a~k it to depose the very
men whom you have yourself helped
to put into powver ? Such a policy,
besides, would tend in a great umeas
ure to cheek the current of public
sentiment at the North, which is now
much incensed against the corrup
tionists in this and several other
Southern States. This sentiment
means something; the course of the
New York Times anol of Harper's
Weekly, two Republican journals,
which were formerly very bitter
against the white people of the South
is significant. Their denunciation
of the frauds perpetrated here, under
the cloak of Radicalism, has had a
most wholesome effect. But if the
white people of South Carolina
should take any such suicidal course
as that to which I have referred, It
would certainly go a great way to
wards turning the tide of popular
sentiment against them, ud undo
all the good that has been done.
Reporter-Is it true that the Uni.
ad States troops are to'be withdrawn
from the State ?
M r. Robertson-1 have heard that
the Federal troops have been, or are
to be, withdrawn from Iouisiana
but I don't know that the troops
are to te withdrawn from this State.
teporterter-You seem to think
that the coming election will result
in no change for the better? What
will the Pressdent do in that event?
Mr. Robertson-If the present
officials are re-eleeted, or if there
is not a decided change for the bet
ter in their suocessors, I firmly be
lieve that the President will refuse
to recognize the government by with
holding the aid it will require in the
enforcement and collection of taxes,
in which case it is bound to fall
through. I am confident that the
General Government, while it will
proteot all of its citizens in the en.
joyment of their rights, will not lend
its assistance to a set of men who
rob the people and squander the
The Publicans of the Bible.
The class of men designated in the
New Testament as "publicans" were
the collectora of the public revenue.
Under Roman government the pub.
licans were divided into two clases.
The senate committed the taxes and
customs to a class of capitalists who
undertook to pay a definite sum of
money into the national treasury.
These capitalists usually belonged to
the order of Roman Knights, and
were men of influence and considera
tion. In their turn they employed a
class of subordinate assessors and
collectors, who received the taxes
and customs from the people. This
class became responsible far the pay
ment of a certain sum of money from
a given district. The theory was
that in addition to this bum they
should collect such an amount as
would be a proper remuneration of
their services. But as they thus be
came assessors as well as collectors
they were invested with a degree of
p, wer which they very frequent
abused to the gross oppression of the
people. In consequence the subordi
nate class of publicans everywniere
became exceedingly odious. Theo
critus, a Greek poet, being asked
which was the most cruel of beasts,
replied, "Of the beasts of the wilder.
ness the bear and the lion, and of the
city the publican and the parasite."
But this class of publicans, odious
even among the Roman citizens,
were especially so to the Jews. They
regarded the tribute which they paid
to Rome as unlawful and oppressive.
When a Jew, therefore, becawe a
publican, lie was regarded by his
countrymen not only an extortioner
and a plunderer, but also a traitor
to his country and his religion. He
was looked upon with the last degree
of contempt. Ile was not permitted
to enter the temple of the synagogues
to join in the public prayers, or to
give testimony in a court of justice
This estimate of their character
seems to have been accepted by our
Lord when he said of him who refus.
ed to submit to the discipline of the
church :"Lot him be unto thee as
an heathen man and a publican."
What sinmilarity exists between a
publican and a radical ring thief ?
State Treasurer Cardoza, who has
been spending several days on the
Island, left for Columbia last evening
lie says lie will not issue those cer
tificates of indebtedness until the
Supreme Court of the United States
passes upon their constitutionality.
lie contends that they are 1.111. of
credit, and that the Constitutioni pro.
hibits their issue by the State. TIhe
certificate-grabbers evidently have a
hard road to travel.-Ne~wr & Couri
A Richmond correspondent of the
New York Tribune, writing of the
Congressional canvass in the old Do.
minion, hopefully predicts the elec
tion of six Conservatives to Congress
from this State this year, a gain of
two upon thme present representation.
The Tlribune says that its correspon..
dent is ''thoroughly informed, careful
hlaxler DrawIng Up 1iha Tronpz to Fre
pare for thle Contention.
S'r. Lioms, July 14.-A special to
the Denmoerat from Little Rock says
all the militia in the city were under
arms last night, and a cornpany
went into camp in thme State House
yard. G*ov. Baxter telegraphed to
the county for two companies more.
These movements are in view of the
assembling of the State Constitution
A dis trict sohoolmpster in one of
the upper counties of Mzohiigani was
asked what algebra he preferred, and
replied :"Oh, I ain't particular
most any kind that will just peol the
hide when you strie."
Mirder of John Davis.
The Greenville News furnishes the
following partiglars :
About two weeks ago, United State,
Deputy Marshal Robertson and Col,
lotor Mattison seized in the uppei
p art of this County, near 1,000 gal.
ots o-contraband whiskey, the proper.
ty of one John Davis, which wal
brought to the roeidence of Captair
Jennings, eighteen miles above thiE
city, and deposited in his collar for
the night. Mr. Davis sueoeeded in
making In his. escape. About 1
o'clock A. M., the offioors were arqus.
ad by a party of men, who demanded
the surrender of the whiskey, which
prudence dictated they should do.
Most of the whiskey was hauled off,
and nobody hurt. From information
received on Saturday morning last,
Captain A. Mattison and U. A Darl
ing Deputy Collectors, pkooeedod to
Belton, for the purpose of capturing
John Davis. -On their arrival, they
pressed horses into servide, and rode
about six miles from Belton where
they overtook Davis and his wagon,
with three barrels of whiskey. The
officers demanded a surrender, both
parties drawing arms. After s)0e
talk, Davis and Cromer surrendered,
delivering up their arms. Mattison
was in the road, guarding the parties,
when Darling proceeded to the mules
to procure a strap, when Davis start
ed off to the woods and was fired at
b5 Captain Mattison. The shot took
effect, but David proceeded on, and
the officer retraced his steps, when
they all drove back to Belton, leav.
ing the establishment there, and the
two officern, with Cromer in charge,
got aboard the train and came to
Greenville, where Cromer was lodged
About 9 o'clock on Saturday night,
a telegram was received, stating that
. avis was dead, and to have the par
ties arrested. Jamei E. Schofield,
Esq., issued a warrant, which Shem iff
Southern executed by quietly arrest
ing Captain Mattison and lodging him
in jail, when he will be transferred
to Anderson this morning.
From information received, Sheriff
Southern doomed it prudent to place
a guard around the jail on Snnday
night, to prevent a disturbance, but
nothing threatening transpired. The
report, no doubt arose from the fact
that four persons (a committee from
Mushy Creek Lodge of Old Follows)
arrived in town who were appointed
to proceed to Belton and bring the
body of Davis home.
The coroner's jury in the case of
Mattison brcught in i verdict
of wilful murder. Davis was
shot in the side, the ball rang
ing upward through the lungs
and came out about the centre of the
breast. The coroner of Anderson
forwarded his warrant to Sheriff
Southern, and the prisoner will be
sent to Anderson jail for confinement.
The body of Mr. Davis passed
through our city yesterday afternoon
in charge of a committee who had
teen appointed for that purpose.
The deceased was about thirty years
old, lived about eighteen miles from
this city, and was a single man.
The down train, yesterday morning,
for Columbia, carried Deputy Mar
shal Darling. When the trian arrived
at Belton, the crowd marched into
tihe train in search of Darling, who
had taken refuge in the mail car, and
was covered up unddr the mail bags.
Mr. Shelton, the mail agent, closed
the deor, and stated that the proper
ty in the room belonged to the United
States, and drew a pistol to defend it.
By advice of Capt. 0. 0. Wells and
Maj. Whitner, the crowd was quieted
and permitted Mr. Darling to go un
hurt. It is supposed that we will
have one .Durling loss in this coammu.
nity for a short while, at least.
Thme excitement about the murder of
Davis in Anderson is intense.
A new game called "Graniger Sev
en-up" is announced. Three per
sons play for a can of oysters. The
first wan out gets the oysters, the
last the can, and the "middle-man"
don't get anything. Ti-at is "IHigh
Low" without either "Jack" or
The women of Salt Lake City have
petitioned for a prohibition~law. If
a wife and six ehildren may be made
wretched 1 y a drunken husband, how
much greater must be the aggregate
sufferings of six wives anrd sixty
children, all belonging to one reek
less reveler ?
The Michigandor will decide nexi
November wheother the Mhiehigoose
shall have the right to vote. The
question comes up in the form of a
constitutional amend ment, which, ii
adopted, will confer the right of
suffrage upon every women of age it
The foreman of -a volunteer Arc
company:in Philadelphia Is supposed
to have a perfect right to knock folki
down, ride free on the ears and spli
tobacco juice on time meeting housi
Gold of fine quality Is being founi
in Union Conty~ N. E.
Arrest of a Murderer.
In December, 1865, a diffioultj
occurred in Itoher Town, betweei
two young men, named Tyler Starlinj
and John Raleigh, (or John Thomp
son, as he was commonly onlled,) h
which the former was shot and killet
by the latter. Raleigh succeeded it
waking his escape, and nothing wa
heard of him until several monthi
ago, when he quietly dropped int<
Columbia, but only remained a shorl
time, and kept close. It Is stated
that he wanted at that time to give
himself up to the ofioials and stand
a trial-feeling satisfied that the
punishment would be light. Hit
friends opposed it, and he again din
appeared. A dispatch was resolved,
yesterday, by Chief Nixon, from the
authorities in Philadelphia, that
Raleigh had been arrest in that city,
and had stated that he had comr.it.
ted a murder in Columbia, and giv
ing the particulars. Last night,
Chief Nixon and Mr. Thos. Pope de
parted for the Quaker City, for the
purpose of bringing Raleigh to this
city for trial.-Phanix.
A temperance orator speaks of "a
file of topers, seventy-five miles in
length, marching steadily to drunk.
ards' j. raves at the rate of three a
minute or one every twenty seconds,
all the year round."
AT AND DELOW
T IE undersigned parties In order to
make room for a large Fall Stock are sell
ing their summer goods at COST.
Grenadines only 16 aen ts per yard
vtaliooas 8, and 10 cents per yard,
Under ikirts 75 to $100 each,
and a greal, oilter ait ti
oles for he ladies
A large lot of whit. coverlets, pries
from $1,26 to 1,50 each.
A nie. stock of white and brown linen
POSITIVELY AT COST PRICES.
S. LANDECKER& CO.
3 Oar loads Corn,
1 -' " " Bolted Meal,
I. " " " Flour all grades
2 Tierces Choice S. C. H~an's
Smoked and White Baco
Choice N. O. Molasses an
Pickle Roe Herring,
Dl. R. FLEINlIEN
DIssolation ef CopartWershp
Wiuixuoses, I. C., July 2nd, 1874.
iNE oartnerehlp hertforexntstis
between OODWARD & LAW. has been
dissolved this day b mutual eenseat.
T. W. WOODWARD,
JAG. W. LAW.
J WILL eontinue the buelaese of gees.
at merchandise under the &%eo ed
style of.$. W. LAW & 00. Allponiies in.
debted to the late fra of Woodward &
Law are hereby moilled-to moke, pajme%6
to the underigned. JAB. W. LAW.
Winnsboro, 8. 0., July 2, 1874.
J. W. LAW4 .00
CoaNNm CoxeasGS AND WAsUtMO.
WINNSBORO, 8. 0e
RE CE I VED.
Brades and Adger's
A 1 9 (C
Al kind of WREH SUAR
CODan d Silor adeomfatoesi..
a ss Bewlyades o aiei a
feoswhik ayes. owfafab.
FriT Tyarsi Finreari
m F-mw Jaroos.s
an fewel *andl ofiTrnip of ed al*dsci
ioitaeltiuall of the se atie.
1. A UD~IAZI.
Jppsit 4ae 0s