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WILLIAMS & DAVIS, Proprietors.3 A Family Paper, Devoted to Scienice, Art, fnquly, Industry and Literattr.LEMS-$O e nu nAvne
VOL. Xe] WINNSBORO, S. Coo, WEDNESDAY MORNTING-9 DE(E BR 3 84 Nb3
IF A I Rri I E L D 1 A111li D
is suni.islhm) *FrEKLY nY
W I L 1L I A M S & D A V I S.
Terms.-The IIAR 1,1) if published Week
ly Ii the Town of 'inausbolro, a $3.00
tnvairinly in'advaci. -
ttiU A1 traiisimnt advorti.sontenei o be
P.4 I/) IN AD IVA MCE
Obituary Notioos ant Tribiles $1.00
Lignt for lrnk.
A Gorinan student of cause a3d
effet has bean makiig obsorvat oni
oil tho minaner in) whieh the eliotj of
horsas ar0 ttla3cte by tho light from
stable windows, and the result of his
labors is not calculated to re-assur-O
those who have been oarolest or jjio
rant in the arraingetnents. In one of
thoso oases gIn< ted, a farmer's stable
was fightud by a isull window at
one side, and aifter a time it. was
f,mnd th.a som-i of the horses were
becomiing bI)Id in the eye that was
tui;ned toward tihe winldow, while Iall
of theill had of all illerqual
;trun,:th. A w itdow directly in
front ot a horso is certain, if it is Cx.
posed to ia light ; hut Ilhe worst re
eits atre ilap 1rit whiei t!-! willdoW
is in -f,ant, aid at a (71.Mideraible
L.oight ablove tihe hlorse's head. Ati
Imlah, kept in a stable su lightod be
com11e "groind ihy,') that * is to say,
uncertain abtit thir footing, afraid
to julIp to. 411 inetance is given
of a purfoey m!atre piurcbarod
Lv an olficer froi a auable I ighted by
willlowsa tr the I-ar of the ttwlls.
! ' I, %h was perfectly saLisfaLto.
S% . 1.It no "ground by" within
tbree iointh11, and on exarfiiationl it
aippeartd that hir eyes had Acqired
an upward c tt.' S i ' w s.reiiovet
to a stable .where the light.was bet
ter distribute3d, and in the course of
another three itionthis regained i her
full -owers. Another ollicer had at
horse which durinu the campmign in
Fr;lne,; p oA:od a capital juniper,
and was taken homo by his mnster
lfter the war. The stable was light
od by windows in frout of and higher
thait the stlls, and in a short Lime
the bold juiper became so '-ground
-hy" a to -bo useless as a cavalry
dhor,e. Tbe reason was not tiscover
ed until he had lihe experionces
with several horses. One animal in
puarticular, f.ined for her jumping
powers, roftusod, after having been
kept a short time in the stable in
question, to pass over any unusual
(bject. " lien acfilly forced to
cross'an insignifluait gulley she made
leap that would have carried her
across a fourteen foot ditch. W
have personally noticed in horses
peculiarities of action which liny be
well accounted for by sich causes
its we have mentioned, and it is by
nio means impossiblo that shying hol
- em haivo better excuses for their
faults thai we nrp opt to accord
then. Often i little illgenility may
serve to correct an injurious arrange.
inent of stablo-.ights, yithout %!roat
expense or general changes. And
here we are reminded of the wisdom
of our forefat hers, who . very often
placed thei' rows of stal's for all
sorts of tock alonig the sides of ithe.
batrn,andl facing the open space !be.
tween the unows. Doubtl19ss thi is wase
(done merel y to facilitarp fe'oding, but
it gave the aniimals.at the sirimo time
We uinderst antd tt thiere will1 be
short.Ij issued from the press of
Mehssrs. A ppleton & Company, New
York, an account by thec Rev. A.
Tioomecr P'orter of his :nst,itutioni for
boys. We veintture to say that wvhedn
the world rend this record, thecy will
prontunooc it not only a wondci ful,
bunt a most touchin tg naarrat ive. lFul
oaf fatith, love and energy, with a zaa
that has never wearied and a hope
andl trust that never sufTered diiniu
lioni ; seeinag no0 lions in his path, or
if heo did( see thiem overcomning themn,
Mr. Porter went forthI to plead the
cause of the impoverished anid or
phanl boy of the Soutthi. IIis sucoess
hlas been eotmmiensurate withl his
wrondecrful'laiithI andi( eergy. Heatrts
antd purses at the North opened to
him s-otpened( ian if by nmaigic ianti
thons:antds of d) tll ars were poured into
the treasury dedicated to tho nieedy.
Snil the orputfhned. We' truat t hat
Mr. Port r's book will be exCtenivel
Il read, and that it will cause bothi
-hiim atntd htis Insbittution to bo better
]known and mlore I widely appreciatted.
The "cheekiest'" theft en reerdl is
reported from Vitainia, whioro a ras
cal stole a set of falso teeth from thvi
gumis of at gentloiman who carelessly
lett his mouilth open1 when ho wont to
slaup. Tehicllwyers are in
siome anuibt as to the exact farm of
. idictmenoit for this niovel orimie, but
thi-vi6timi calls it flat burglary, be.
ing forcible eutry and abbtractiotn of
The small-pox is.rapidly spreading
in New York City. 8ixty.(ivo eases
wore reported last week, and many
others are bolisved not to h tvo bean
reported. The small por Asylum
at laokweLl's Island is crowded with
We deviro to call the attention of
our readers to the following plova.
lent mistakes :
It is a mistake to BUPPOSO that the
subscription price of 'a newspaper
is clear gain to the publi.he,r.
It is a mistake to supposo that
he gets his white paper for noth.
It is a mistake to suppose it is
printed without cost.
It is a mistako to kuppo.io that lie
can livo bodily by faith.
It is a itilko to suppose that
it is an easy thing to please overy
Ita nistak to suppose that a
paper Is not worth? buying which
contaiis only what we know alrea.
It im a mistake to suppose that
money duo for a paper would be
as good to us a year hence as now.
The new curiency party, just or
ganiv.od at Indianapolis, proposes to
go it on tle general idea of an old
Geor-ian of whoin Gen. Robert
Toombs told the President last,
p ini II buriing the hard times of
)7:3, whenl money wis scarce and the
State Ianhk was at its wit.' end, this
a.tute fiw:neier of the rural di,tricts
ctne to Milledgeville ond somaht his
reprme ,ative in the Legislature.
"r. Toonbs," says lie, "we imist
have money. We're obleeged ;o
have more iorey."1 11%Well," iays
Toonbs in his brusquiteway, "how in
the li-I nre ycu go'ing to get it ?"
"Out of (lie State 1n1k," says the
financier. "Bu, say TooIb,
struck by the earncstness of his con
Stituent, I'how is. the. 18tate Bank11
going to get -it ?" "Stamp it," svy
tbe- -iinancier. "'aniy it," ro-t i
Tooninbs- 'aid how:-iithe h-I is' it
going to. redoem th noney it
stam:piq?'' A glot suffut-ed the face
of the financier." "Why, Mr.
Tooibs,'' says he, that'sjtiA what I'm
a comlini' to. You seq, Mr. Toomubs,
I m agin redemption /"
We have read mlny stirring ap
peals on tihe eve of an election, urg
ing voters to come out and showing
the importance of a single vote ; but
we never read anything quite as over
powering in that direction as the
followving paragraph from an Ohio
In 1,830, Dan St,mo, of Cincinnati,
was a eluididate for theState legisla
ture. WValking up Main street on
tie morning of the election, lie over
took an acquaintance going to the
polls, who intenlod to vote the op
pe.ition tiCkA t, "We are old friendh,"
S,tid, "aitl I know Vol will show a
friend that mark of kind-ness."
Party spirit was then comparatively
quiet. 'Tho voter rop.ied : "Well,
])an, you are a pretty clever fellow ;
I don't ciro if I do." The vote
elected Stone, and gave himI a mjajori
ty of one in the legislature, wlich
made Thoins Ewing, U. S. Senator.
Mr. Ewing's vote on the question of
conuirini jig Martin Van Iuren as
mini-ter plenipotentiary to Great,
litain, enabled thle vice president
to give the casting vote against. it,
and cailed Mr. Van Buren first,
vice president, and deterined the
general polihicaLl policy of the coun
try for four years. O.ie vote ne
comIplished all this.
It has been estimnated that of 12,
000,000 womiesn in Americea, 11,000,
000 wear cafic dresses, more or 1l.4s
that the spirit of oconomy, has (luring
the past year, induced them to forego
one dress ai pieee from their usual
out lay ; that the average caiico dIress
cont ains eleven yards, anid that con
seqnuently there has been a loss to
the trade by this ret.ren,ihmient of
121 ,000,000 yards. This is nearly
the entire product 'of all the miils of
Massnaohuseite fo,r at year.
l3y the disobodienee of a had in
1809,, a~ girden gate in Rhode Island
wvas left, open, and a pig got in and
destroyed a few plants. A quiarrel
betwe'en the owners of' the pig andl
the garden grew ouit of it, which
spread. amuong their friends, defeated
the 1FedOral candidate fo,r the LeO"n
Iature, anid give the State a Dm.
etrotic Senat or, by whose vote the Wan
of 1812 with Great l3ritanin was de
W illiam Kupp, who died at Doug
laisv ilIl 1., last week, wast proha bly
the hecaviest' man ini the United
States, weighing 450 pottunds, anid
nmncasuring twetnty-nine inethes around
the call of the leg. Hie wats five fcot
eight inches in height, twonty--one
yoars old and very handsome.
A womnants switch of hii got into
the bed sonic way, and her husl.and
aidl awake all night, shivering and
sliaking tinder the idea thrt a rattle
snake was curled down against hiis
log. W hen hie found out the tir-uth
he walked out of that bedroomn a
whoopin' and oursin' like snakes.
Poland used to be "the Hion.
Judtge Poland." Theon they got him
to "Judge gP'oland," then to "Po
land,'' and nowv his neighbors speak
of him as "Old P'olo, who got so bad
[From the Southern l1ne.j
M.sSRS Enlton: The Chonp
Transportation Convention which as.
sembled in Richmood list week, was
a highly respectable body of gentle.
-en. It was presided over by a
distinguished son of blassiaohusetts,
the lion1. Josiah Quincy, who is the
Presideit of the Association. Com
mittees land been appointed at the
ist meeting to submit reports on
variotiis subjects, relating to trans
porta ioti such as railroad trarnspor.
tation, witer Ur cantat transportaition
aid the relative coast of each. These
were full iad able, but goncrally
partook of the bias of mind of each
chairmaim wh t io made tihe report.
The bausis of representation in the
Convention wIs that of the retpec
tive State in the House of Repro- t
senttiives in the Federal Col-gress.
T]'here being but few Southern States
repteseited Now York. Ohio, Illi
nois, Iowa ard 'Minuesota had tho I
absolute coitrol o%le every ques- C
tion which ca me before the convetn
tion. These States being generally t
well supi lied with railroas, and
oICh de](gotiou havit.g so.u tin
t:.il or local water iine to be en
struiced, ratn the -controlling power
almost entirely in favor of canuls, t
acComtniiniig large ripproprilitions t
toti.etm and ignorinig entirely nation- 8
al railroad interests urged by t.ie b
Southern stotei. .1
A aesolitin-of a national chae4t- l
ter was ititroduieed by Col. V n.
Johnston of (iharlotto N. C., and U
failed to pass on aceount of the mere
loci I schemes favored b v Nw %v
York aid North Western Statts,
viz, :. t
"aW t :Rus, ThLe contkructioli of a LI
-hip v1l . acRsL the l,*litmus of e
WuC., connecotinlg the witLrs of the a
kei and Mediter-aneain swas, has a
greaitly diisinished both the time 0
Cad dt.-t ance of tine voyaga from all
Southern aid WVester*l Europe to
India, China, Japan and Autralaia, b
And wMhereas the shorter route from u
the Ur.ited States to E tstern anid t
Southern Asia is through our Paci- d
fie ports, and we have but one rail- P
way co.neeting the A tlamtij and P
Pacifie opeanls, by 1 hiell colyileruial W
ititercunrse can be aitiained ft
throughout the Unioi with Ualifor, a'
nia and the continent of A-ia con- &I
taiiiiig over 600,000,000 inhabitaits 4,
or ono half tine population of the al
globe, and mhereas the Texas or I
Southern V.acilia rail route is about ft
500 tiilNes $1hort0r fr mt the l'aii ti
to tho Atlantie ports than any other P,
constructed or p;ojected line and k<
vhereas its piopo:ed line rins g
through a settled coutitry, of great sI
fertility of' sti aboulntdi ilg it in- i
eral wealth, Of comparativoly cheap ol
con-3tructiun. and through a mild and h
temnperate climate, without ob- h
sti uutions from snow and ice in win- c
Re,:oltcd, That this Conventioi do os
cordilly reconanend to the Congrrss f,
of the United States to extend to oj
said Southern Pac fie such reasona- ni
bWe aid as will ensure itn speedy com. ci
pletionl, as it is a great work of urn
doubted national imnportance."<
In behallf Uf this resolution tle in. o:
troducer stated, the country was oJ
greatly itIi aneed of' another trntsacont- wi
tinenat di rourte, thait onne 'was who.lly' A
inisuffnicnt arid naecessaily produced g
:m tmonopily ; tiat, fort' v1 ~eral inuonitt F
int the year, paissenigers tLaveu'led it ti
at the per ai of thlir lives f'l'otan snow ta
and ice, rind frigihts were soeti e ni(5
uveeks andi mnthls in tiansit. The e
contstrauct ion of' the TaIXas 'ailie eo
woutld invite a la r'ge immuntigraition to c<
'tar Southern atTo.ritorrcs, raf idly at t- o
ale them anid develop +.heir resour cs, I
incerea.se thle pri. duet iota of eutt,an,.
graint and othe pra'jodutctiotns, thtus p
er'ently adding to ile wealth of tire in
rut aion. 'The lncreaised value of the I.
lands ailonte in a few sears waitld a
miionre th:iat doaule the cost of thte lI
road. It wvould vi ttlize omit enttires
rail io-md syte m itt te SourthI by in -V
erea.sinig their ti auic. It wduld give in
neoused comlmet co) and1 rictivit,y in tl
e'.cay AuIttl.tot*ot I roan Galiivestont el
.o New Yotrk,:am~I every por'tiona of el
the coutntry would be stia.gthented b
atnd invigorated bty thre naddia ioinal at
wealth it would produce and the in. ci
elcensedi commetOFre it would sto tter ti
over the lines of connee ing road. a:
fromn 8t. b,uaiP, (cei 0, Memorphis, ei
Vicksburg, No.v 0 le o a aad Ga - it
v'oston. It would carry elvilizatior' ti
with its constructior n ta dim'nish pn
the eobt an.1 numiber of troops nlea t
cessary to defend our South western in
Teritories from the Indian intcur~~ e
sotns to less than oi.o bait of' 'what
t.hey no0w amount to.
Uut these an e riot tire only national t1
benefits to) flow from tis aoad. it vi
will probably reduce theo cost of' tl
transportation from Californria to one 1I
half' the ptresent rate. Thibs would i1
invite a lastly inereased trade from d
Asiaa. In faet this is the prize to o a
wonlt. TUhe comtmeree of Asia is thte 1
greatest of all the national obijeets I
to be attained, whether thtis com-' i
mioree shtall first go to Europe or a
come directly to the United States.
Thise country wants no middle conti.
nent inrterveninag ;no England or I
F'rancoe to charge their profits and<
eommuissionst on the rich commerce I
of the grat Eastern continent. By I
the Egyptian routo-4ll Europe li.t
greatly the advantage 4:f us acid Ui1
merchantimn t are compelled to sail
under the guns of Grea Britain, as
tOy ester the Mditei'runein aid
with the pertuibsion of tho Freijoh
Govoraiect and tiho Khodiv- ,of
Mgypt, pay toll and puss thlkiueh the
SukA Canl and the'Rod 8ea. fi
mnse our.national relton,i are di,.
.urbud with eithor of.tho.c powers,
hiAls cullry in1t cupot).i0i iti easterin
t1innierue tirough our Naoii% ha rbr
sr he routitted to tho'V yavu' aruid
he Cupe of Good flop or .po
loin. Now, is the pris,--the comis
uce of Aaia-wurth! t..e uoimpeti
ion with Europe I b\oderii civili
ttiOU sCem1s sarcely to .po1iffe-OkLt
t as did the dark ages ad pre-lits
orie times. it has eorielhed every
ouctry that has ever boeu its recipi
lit. It ia believed, t,hat it inade tle
'ushites or ancient Araliais a great,
aarned, comparatively Ci'ilize-1 and
unmerciul people long iefore tile
) ranids were built and' conducted
his opulent nation thtutgh the lod
ca ill to the Ai,Jtei ranean, con tt tirio
fore Atheis or Wmo was re.
owned for arms, aril or letters.
'he prooft of history are convicilug
hat BA*ylou, Tyie acid' 6idou owed
heir cimmerciai importance to it,
lid the 'l.wiiicianis th ir muaritime
1preimacy to the guideause. Sub.
-quelitly Vunice and 'enoa under
a vivifviirg influouice -boeame rd
wied in th'i cmi"n ial world,
itil Spain se.zed the. e and she
ceaie the most forit, blo power
I Murope in e-mimerco ajd ar:n,-i
cdinig all the (lristian %Vbild undecr
ie cruos to stmay the uikhtby 1 t-ide 'of
i0 MussulmlaIA followiag,.l,e cres
mlt. 'To her maritiuio reouiec.i
id' prowess, Rmn upe an'd America
e today i;idebted fur Ci, reilglin
the Cross listead of the shrile of
ecoa, for tie Bible instead of the
oran. More recently it has been
y activity molo g6ierally diffused
er the Enropean nations. Saall we
Ice it. econd-hund f'om them, or
rect thl-olt4h our own Wostern
)rts over the broad expanse of t.ie
acific Ococut, and the Chinia 8t3,
ithout havitig to pay tribute to any
reign power, or salute the flag of
ly nation who poins lier guns
ross our path? China with her
)0,000.000 of iihabitants produces
consumes more cotto i to-day,
an all iitikh lndia. Unhappily
r her pecudl ir religion and n'tu
ons, she has remnined in a state of
,tritied eiviliz.tion for over thirt%
mturics, without advance or retr
ide, possessed for maiiy centuries of
le of the 1ins,t perfect arts and
Acat Okill inl the iaufaturew of
othir, silks, China, &c., of which the
ghest civilizaition might justly envy
3ar. Hler 0cgoes of tes, silks and
iina are the choicest and richit of
o World's produotion. This vast
,untry appears to be Just tousing
om a stupor of eitu lies and is
>eciug up a more exteitd coin
cro to Civilizatij,n. 8hall we ro
ive it ?
Then there is Japtn, still nearer
Us, with a popilation e(tial to that
the Uiiited St,aten, and in advance
China inl fo!lowinlg the coiiceIcial
aike of mtoderni timraes ; with Ludia,
ustralia, New Zeatlansd and that
rciat gtaoup of islands knowtn eas
ulynesiai. llThe vast tratde of a I
ie.o cntions and peoples is offerodi
t he liberality of ocur own govern
emit anud the skill ahid comimercial
iterprise of our country. The
u>mmerce of even a port ion of these
untries has eniridhied every nation
a the globe that hias ever enj->yod
, s far back tis hi.-tory can thi ow
it' ray of Ilight. To lbe able to com-1
Ste for this munnificent prize weoi mist
uve anoth ir irant-,-colnticiental route.
'iut is v holly insulicient, yet who
octld part with the Unaion l'amiIie
uilr yad ? It is woi th hundreds of
'illions of dollars to the nautiont.
it,bdut it l?r-ance iiiighmt have been
ptssessioni of the golden shores of
ie Pacilic to-day. But the South
ni Paul .c Itoad is essential to the
ijoymeint of this foreign trade a 114
v its favorable loe ation of soil, cli
ate and resources of the caYnitry
croigh which it paisses, appeals ini
ae highest dlegree to the liberality
.d j-xtice of the goivernmeit. Ins
mnstr'tionc1 ilcdue to) the~ reviviIyinig
fluenes it will have over- tbe en
re South, 9) much de pressed andc
4ral)g-.d by desolaiting war and to
Ie ine w Oii oouni life andl bless
igs it, will diffusea over the whole
A plain spoken preacher delivered
se-following froms his d o.k:
ould announce to the eongregation
lat, prcobably by mristako, there w9aW
aft ait the meeting house this morn
ga small eottoni rumbrella miuch
amsaged by time and wear, anid of
n oeoedingly pale blue color, in
lace whereof was taken a very large
lack silk umbrella (of groat beauty.
~inndors of this sort, my bret lire,,
re getting a little too conmmon."
Can it be possible, as seems likely
romt the last afldavit in the Beechier
ase, that Theodore Tilton will put
is daughter on the stand against her
A Ch lil' 1u0,ic.
I'he ood 11ok sa.yi that "out of'
the mouths of babe and . sulhigs
cometh wisloIl.' Ai an ilhistra.
li-n of this proverb, very appicable
to the present tit -., we copy friom
an exuliaigo the following diu
I I Ow WI. Ait NIrn IToH1).-LittlO
Patughter-"-i wish the rivers wvuld
F,4ther-"\hy, what havo you
to do with the Ii %ers' rising 1'"
L D).--A great deal, father, for
thmi (te hot.i will run."
whot have you to d1o
with the bouts' luntiing, my Ulhild ?
L. D '--iThey would binlg the
Cotton down, father,"
F.-- fookiog over spectacles)
"A id wihat have you to do, dIling
with e-tton htles V'
L. D.-" Wby if the Cott-on was
down you will bjo al to sell it, 3ou
know dear ftther." si iiingly.
JO.-"1A til whamt t hot ?t"
J, D.--"You would have plenty of
L. 1) -(Iying her hand on his
Nil- idor, i,nd looking up in his fate)
"Thll you could pity mother that
Iwenty dollar gold picoe you bor'uw
ed frvin her, yott know, fatlir.'"
V'.-"'Ami w%hat then ulidd?')
Li. D.-"Thi tothur could nay
Aunt 8arah the ten dollars she O'4 Os
F.-1SAy, indeed I and what thel?"
1. D--'And Aunt Sarah would.
pay Sister Juno tho one dollar lio
promd Ito give her New Yoar's,
but,-uidin't betuse she didn't havo l
any cltton-aliy mouey, I nmoani
.-"W ol, a nd what 0no T' (110 f
lays dowi the newspopor and looks
at her cautiouslyi with a If smile.)
li. D.-"Sistur Jano would pay I
Brother John hia fi.ty cents back, I
id he said when he got it he would U
Live ie the itlf dime he owed tiei
1nd two dimos to buy marbles ; nd i
this is whtat I want the river to rise,
anI the big boats to run i And I t
oWe nurse lite other diti t uid I r
Itust. pay my deb sV" I t
l'a looket at ine. "There it i.m,' i
ie said. " We are till big and lit- 't
tie, like a row of bricks. Touch one t
and twtay we ill go, even dowi to our r
.ittlo C'airio here, 8he hial a Ia t
i'blild, as gret it interest in thie rism t
of the river ias I have. We are all t
old and 3oting, waitiiiig for imone10y to
l'rof. lJnolaiiy i ice at il th le
ealin'g financial ptndits In Ionrets
might speak for it thousand yeas and
yet nover surpiasa the simple titith
and logic of thit claar.headed little
Siihcr Pared Streets.
Our principal streets being macada.
r.i,ed with rtifuse ore taken from tho
miines in early days, and beitg coatud
with the riolh oro diat haiis been .year
after yoar Aiftad down upon them t
froim tle ore wagosn, are nowY every- I
%hert more or lesi arguntilerous.
Indeed, thorc is not the hlightest
stretch of the iimagination i.: saying
that we nevecr take it step 'in the
town, but wo are walking ogi silvoer- I
that our streets are leietrally ptavedl
with silver. While Fpeakinig of this
fiat a day or two sinee, a young manit
bet his friend the price of the assay
intg and "'die oigara"s' that he wouild;
take a Itumnp of mnud off of tite wheel.
rt a 'bus, thent st and ing before them,
and wotild get, (lut ofC it pr.eoious
metals to the valns of over $5' perir
ton . An ounice or two of' mnud was
tiakent fromi the whoole of the vohiolo
antd pitced in the hands of an assay..
or, whfo was not. told u hore the sam..
ji was obtained, and who no doubt
supposed thiit be wvas dealiing whith
decomiipoi.ad ore or voini matter fromt
one of our mines. T1ho assy was
mtade, and the assayer's certificate
showed that thte siample conmaineod,
"Sil ve r, $7 54 ;gol d, $2 32 ; $986."
A Iter this wo may put, on aitrs, oven
t.hongh our streets are villainously
muddy occatsionially , for Ite very
mnd in oiur bott otit-n,' both sil ver'
and golbi-is net the suulgar neud of
the "cow countt) towns.
Th'e gtrangers are hiaviinig a pretty
hard tme with iiair t.reasuners. TIheo
cust,odian is of te granige funds of
throe states have disajppeared with
the utg ieultural carbi, and left only
"lI,ston' is rhe place to look for in.
stanes of filial affecotioni. A diutiful
son ini that town had the hacks en
gatged for his mother's runeral
eighteen days before she e*pired."
ThFle report of tbe bureau of sta
tieties shows that fifty-six thtousanad
less emigrants arrived in 1874 * isn
in the previous fiscal y.lr. Thte
total number wats 313,339!, of whomi
97,623 caime fromt the Teutonic couin
tries ; 61,999.from Englan d, Soot4,
land and Wslea, 53,707 froin Ire
land ; 32,060 from Canada , 21,664
from the Latin countriea, 19,178
freom Scandinavia, and 13,779 frome
The Meerschitim .Milus of Asin Minor.
The most ostunsivo doposits oi
meoerchaum inl Asia Minor arc about
tventv-four miles southoast of il
mity of E kisochr, formerly Dorylea,
the inhabitants of which, nuimbwrin
about 12,000 Armenians and Turks,
are p'inoipally,omployed in collootin .
or dealing in this mineral. It is ob
tained down in the earth, shaft1 or
pits being sunk to a depth of twouty.
seven to thirty-throo foot. Forty tv
fifty miners work in the one mine I
and form a company, dividiog the
profits among thenise)vem.
Tho stones are generally irrogular
in shap and differing in size, 'eing
froi the size of a Inut to a square
foot or mora in sime. Tb largost T
pieces are the most in demand and M
tie dearest. The minoral, when *
freshly dug, is of a yellowish white
color, and covered about a finger p
thick with rod, greasy earth. so soft ti
that it can be out with a knife.
The treatment which the meer
iohaminm must bo subject to bofore it I
is fit for export is voiy expensive i
tnd tedious. Tho piecos must first b,
bo freed from the adhoring earth, m
and dried for five or six L days
in the sun, or for eight or ten da) s
ii warm roois. ''ie minloral is then
deanod a second time and polished
rith wax. After this, it is sorted u
111o different grades, of which there
ire ten, and carefally p-cked with
>otton in boxes for export. The
sones lose two-thirds of their wei,,hIt
'nd volume in the operation of elean
ug and packing.
'I'he boxes arm all of ond site, atd
Soh contains stonee of the one quali
y. These boxes contain 30 to 8) C'
argo stones, 80 to 100 of nedium
ize, 900 to 300 of the suallo r onos,
lid 000 to 1,200 * of the smalle,t ti
,inces. Th! weight of a box is 24 foi
o 3.5 okens (little over a ton ) The il
rico depends on the demand. The or
argest quantity is sent to Vienna le
nId Clormany, the yearly export be- tie
ig 8,000 to 10,000 boxes, having a
aue of $600,000. lh
The Turkish government ldvies a "Si
nx of 12} per cent. on the raw mate" na
ial where it is dug, and a second of
16 of 12} per cent. ou the salos, if it IUI
i intended for export duty. Besiles
hi, there is the usual export duty I"
j be paid when It is shipped. The wj
ight of digging it in not leaed in se<
he ordinary way, but the govar Im
ient farms out the taxos at a oer to
[Journal of Applid (%cbmislry. 1
lt'st Wila-i Ti- c on Ritcorl.
'Tho Ccount of the trot in San
'racuisco, betwoon Fullerton, Ocei.
lent, and Sam Pardyj is producing a
>rofound sensation among tho turf
non and breeders of fast horss.
ulerton won in threo straight
ients. Time, 2:201, 2:22.1, 2:211
Pho third heat, which lie trotted in
:2 14, lie is reported to have done
[uite within himself.
This is the fastest wsgon time 01)
ecord. And, in fact, aull three of
he heats are faster than any one
cat, to wngoi, for which ainy horso
as evor had a record before 000i- tlu
ent did not make a show t) boar,t ro
an,i comrativel y ; butt Samn Puirdy,
I though defeated in every heat by
ullerton, contended bravely for the i
We are somewhat gratified to see of
uloerton--which we have regarded as WI
ne of thce many promising sons of
dr. Bonnor'c horse, Edward Everett, CI
-make a performance that reali/os fr
11 we have ever predioet3d of himt, F
and confirmus all that we have ever Ia
emcarked a bout hiis having been
culled o ft entimeos be fore.'i
A colored insf, named Jaek Craw- ti
ord, ws scidently killed, last ~
~aturday night, about 8 o'clock, at C
he store of Mr. Griffin Lfernkin, ini l
Johumbia County Ga. Fooliag with ccc
loaded pistol. a:
Bos-roN, D)eoember 16.-Cobb is
hooted Mayor. The Democrats lose ap
no Alderman and gain seven Coun- .
ilnmen. Newberryport ai.d D)owoll j
loot Reforin candidates over the ti
-egular nominees. ni
T1ho (Carolina Central Railroad
caeting Wilminagton and Charlotte
ias been completed.
BHIE1l1FF'S~ SA LE.
i Y virtue of sundry eeotionse to me I
.i directedl, I will offer for' sale (or cc
DincIh, at( publio auciona to the hcighst bid C
tIer before I he eourt hcouso door in Wining- I
boro iihin the legal hours of cals on iho e
first Monday in Januarf next and thce
day following, the following described
property, to wit :All that piece, paroel
or ttendt. of land, lying, lieing andi situate
in .the County of Faitfueld anid Staite
of South Carolina containing fifteen -
acrosa more or lers andi bounuded
by lands of J. F. V. Loegg, J. bl. 1
Diokei-son,- aVid lands belongIng to thce
estate of A. C, Feaster, deceased.
Levied upon as '.he property of James
Jennings at, the suit of .J. F'. V. Loegg
agairist the adminsiririx of Airs. Jamcesi
Jenningcs and her hiusbcand.
ec. 15-2 1.
812to or'8oiil C1'O1iii,
COUNTI OF F?AltVl,i.D,
IN TIIA (OMMOY PLEA9.
I- L. Ellioltj AgAinst N. It. Ifastings, I
liastiligs, Thomas Anderson.
~N pursuance of an ordet of glto Court
- made in' 11a1 above slated case by the
lotnorablo T. J. Mackoy, I w Iil offer for
ale at public auction, to th' highst
iddor before the Colirt ]luase
o01 in Winnshoio within the legal hours
fvalo on the first Monday in January
ext and the day followi 'g, the follow
ugieioribad proiperty, o ait :
All that t'hol of land lying and situa(o
n JaiksonU's Creek ilt the County of
airileid aIn stato of South Carolina,
>nlaining five hnndred and fifty acres
ore or leltm and bounlded by lands of
imotlhy lirden. 8. It. Clowney, Thomas
. Itabb, .Jr . ) r. 11. IV. Olvens ani
hors being a pari o -.ho plantation pur
iased by the said LN. If. flastings whilo
,o was sole and unmarried, and com
'ising onlly! sudlt part of said plania-,
Lini as Hls on the opposike 1ido of' said
Loksol'i; Creek fron that ipon whiah
o residonae of the said N. 11. Hastings
It P. II ast ings if 1 itiatd.
Trn151 or SAl.R --One half of the pur
ANO 111011y to be paid in Cash, anid the
hitfe thereof on a crelit of twelvo
ont hts with interest. from the day of sale
he secured by bond of the pinrchasel
d tortgage of itho promisis, the pur.
inser to pay for all nocoesary papers.
L. W. 1)U VALL, 8. F. C.
ninsboro, S. C.P
Dee, 1L 1874.
o 1.--x2 ftL
Stato of South Carolina.
COUNTi OF IAltFkE.D.
IN jilE 0) ItOAf PLEAS.
esley Crosby, against J; M. MoCob
*N pursanceo of atn ordet df the Court
mada in the above stated oase by
1ionI. T, .I. MIantrav. I will nr.
sale at publio ttelloti to fie
ii iglhest. bidder bel'oro (fhe Court 11 o'so
COr inl Wimnsboro within (te legal hours
sale oii tio first Monday in January
t antid te day following the follo wing
mcriberd properly to wit :
LlI that 00orlain ti act of land situate on
Waters of' iloyo rnl'.ch itn the County
Faiield and Stale of South Carolina.
ititinig ote hnitdred aid twenty-two
's, more .or less, nhd bounded by lands
Edaward Taylor, John Taylor, Osintnd
tilware anti Chesley Urosby.
I'NMS bA tA.-Onle haltf of the purchase
noy to be paid in .Casl, and thd
lane onl a credit of twelve months
It interest from the dlay of sale, to be
itred by bonid of tile purchaser and
rigage of the prelihies the purohaset
pay for all necesstry papers.
L. W. DUVALL, S. F. 0.
nisboro. S. C.
[)ec. 12, 1874.
[ATE Ol SOUTI CAROtNA,
('OUJN-TY OF IPM-1).
-11 ille Common01 Pileft9i.
imes C. nifiinf, Sdln(ttil Phtrinan, :Antn
E. Firman. Against, Chaitos M. Fur.
tIan. lilivar It. Purmati. Irvine Fura
inkan, Silly Furni, Julid It. Furman,
Jnaes K. Vant+v, John E. Carew as
lmipislt rail.r of' Charle Mi. Furniin fr.
leceinsbdI with life will ahnoxetd and
WIm. 1h. Dingle.
N ptrinitee of an order of (lie Court
iakie in ilhe itbovo Htteic .caso by
flonerallo T. J. Mackey, I will offer
sale to the higitest. biddef',
roto~ lihonur't honse door in,
tinsbor'n, withlin thto legal hours of sale,
the first Mondaty in .Jahuary next
follow ing described prope rty, to wit:
hiact or litud knoiwn as the hlome place
whtich T1htomas F. Ftrman deceased,
IS itei.edl andi posse'ssed at fife timio of
deth. lying being and situate In thd
atnt y of Fair'fieldl in the State of South
rol inn, het ween t ho publio read loading
'itm Motillo to Columnbia, the liughtey
"rr'y t'ond and t he Lakini mill road, con
Ining ninio hatindrod acres, more or less,
d houndled by lands of David hi. Wilson.
K. D)avis, .I blip), J. K. Rlabb and
I that, tract of land of whldlt TWomaai
lurmnani, deceased, was seizevl and
5'eiei at the tIme uf lia death known
Ihbe Simonton traot, containing eight
mired and eighity-threo acrecs more or less
itto in the Counity anmd Stato aforesaid
d boundead by lands of Jerry Mfartin
h. Bollly others.
I that tract of land of whidht lTomas F.
nrnuan, idecon.ued was seizedl and posses..
I aL the time oif his death, known as tho
elI tract containirig otto hundred and
venty-thiree Acres mior'e or less, lying
rth of the t wo last mfentioned tracts ini
te Cotrnly aind State aforesaid and lbountd..
I by lands of David ii. Wilson lands be
1ngintg to ttne ostRio of W. d. Aiston
e('ensRed and others.
'iKT)ina or 8At,.-One third of the pur-.
htase mioney to be paid in cash and the
alance dhet eof on a creodit of one aud twa
Otrs int egntal iatstalmets witfh interest
ayabin uunnalfy from day of sale, to be
ectnred by a bond or bonds of t hie pur
baser or' .purchasecr and a mar ttgage of
lie prmie shl, turohbasor or pueahas
ri to pay for aill noecesar'y papers.
Ia W. DJUVALlI, S. F. Q
Sheriff or0no'j '
ltina,ooro, N. U.
Nov. 21 1874.
311lE firlit if' J. WV. Law & Co., 1s thfn
.. da~y, Decemiber 1sf. 1874, dissolved
y the withdrawal of James W. Law.
hie business will be eaterled en by S. B.
lowntey and (I. it. Afe.\asier, under the
rmn name o,f W. 1i. Flofentn & Co. All
iotes and necotin is dute t,he late fie of'
woodwardl & Law arid J. WV. Law & Co..
ste In otur hands. All parties indebted
will pleaso call at once antd nake pay-e
mont. W. I1. FLENNIKEN & CEJ,.