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WTTLIAMS & DAVIS, Proprietors.] A Family Paper, Devoted t Scienc6 At, uiy, Industry ad J Oatre.
VOLM X-----$3. P An i Adva nce
-OW vOL. X.]s WINNSBORO- 810.WEDNEASDAt-'.,ORNINGj MARCI,175N .4
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Oiiteary Notices and Tributes $1.00
pp I u111ire..
Sensations of an Editor.
The setsations of an editor on first
ganncinge over his paper and dete.oting
errors in it are somewhat different
from tho'.e experienced by the reader
foli ma11k ing like discoveries. The lat
ier is either amused at the blunder
or injoeinsed at he carelessness which
iaIu.es it, and ill both Cases arrives at
the ,oticlumivii that tlie trouble is
iivoidabie, and that the editor is to
bl.,me for not avoiding it. He neve
taw un editor take his firet glance over
a copy of cte edition. Perhaps the
edition is worked off when this op
iportunity is afforded the weary man.
lie has either trustod the proofs to
some )lne else, or read then himaiself ;
but the feeling of dread is ju:-t as
great ill tho latter as ill the former
c1ase. The proof ruader muny not oon
si lie copy and soj erpetuato the
bliunders of the com)ptsitors, and per.
hap., the composiwor mjay negleot to
un'1 the wron1g he has do.ne, although
his attetitluli, is plainly clled tW it uu
t..( proof.I -
When about to take this prepara
t.o.j I ;uiey, the ed itor do'es; not take
a <lgar in his mnouth and elevate his
.eels to the deAk, a-s in the popular
tradition. DTing mii.an dp 't. do ,that
war, you k;uw, and wto have Oucie
to the cVuIelusii. that au editor ek
amiing his paper fqels very muich
like a maon who is about to ppsd into
Leeruity. His reads along .oatefully
and slowly, lIke a mai feeling hi18
W auyacross a iiece of dout>tul .iu,e.
u<1lt:ely i.y face I coniese distorted
wvitli a iwful pati. liI doesn't
\ Ury out-le dcesii't I anI : t., The
anguish within. hi im is so broa,d and
ite:, tiiat tie dares not trust it to
Word . lie just simply reahOes up
811ndl takes a l,naidful of his own. hair,.
and 1ugs at it until t *e tea.rs coie in
Iis e-e. Tben lie piuk- up .the pa
per w lkch he', has take t lie preceitiou
to kick across the loom on discover.
iig the error, and resurnes the tor
turing soar ;' fo a*fter all it je but
a seatch for erroin and agony, and
lot ate agrea ble anid iustructive pe
Suddenly lie groans-not an ex
peetanit grown, afromI one who
hopes for ielp to reach him througl.
it, but the groan of ole who is be
vond the reach of hoe,' who. feels1
t .at the warm sunshine, the kind
glatice of f.ieiedship, the beattiful i
1lowers, i !a Z!.. N0110 of bird8' ille
gone fu.evet a..J forever from' him.
It is a smothered groan, followed by
i kivk out of the leg, its if the par-ty
;: :i that injment taken an eternal
leIve A, all earthll) tiongs.
There ismtili anout bea tro with
achig cyes and thiobbing brtin, and
tlt eo i te paper is si;shed dowin on
the hlior, and thleee inuicted tuae
b>oundsa up fr..un lhis chair, .uiee cntohes
both I.. eils ini his hair aned edanics
airoi . d I.ke a mliadmIian. Hec d oesnt' L
call up.on heaven and earth to witnss
what hie is gointg to do, and to bliight,
him cet he should niot do it. lie
dioce.' t, dish intto tIhe com11posinhg roomii
aed re cieh t lee meen i thi his wtrath.
Evieni thIis -Islet relief is deied hiuti.
The pa'epeer is w.erk od oilf, itndc thee
14e1 i feny t hat would cheerfully attack
a ieedie lie a haystack would fall
piarely'sed before a search for the
unt hur of the g'roat 'i wotig. lie
loesne't saiy anc)y tig at a'l-not a
nlingle ineel i hlje w aordl <seepes hiis
ia.iett lip a% is hie h'obts id hi.ir iand
p. Jrti-s iabo.ut !.e the deigj solitude
.hI i.s roomi. An'id whien le is done,
lie sets doiiwnci agaeine aced greoa n,' a,uul
lavar .',s i one Ihis heat. atind -ubes
forl th ieeto the street.-ru.-hos s"ng
whleee to get it ay fromn the aeof,
weiet; tao get aiway fr:ein ielf'co and'
over iy thIo g lbe,g ig to' himicself;C
I'The Ne'w Yo'rk Finantc.ecl;i ro'nele
r'eorts thait oni thie 13the February
tehe receipts4 of vottoi a,t al'l the porysc
wter'e 87,174 bales short of t hose uip
ithe .satui imee ini 1874~. l>reim,
tue rc,i' the recelots Will show a
ouevy, 11 (alng oil'. WA hiat becotiies of
le i eiseer otf list iall w1i' ihib de
eceiveid io meany th.eus'ands of' our
e'uiiers that the oeop would amgynaeit
to 4,500,000O bales '1 It wats a iueaw
adid shahb>y trtck to doceive the far-,
liers andt chieat thiem out of the re
hita of their hcard labor.
The steamuer (doaniia brou:ght ott
iG 1t.,t trip Iisahop Vaughian and
vene p'riests who are to' eendeatvor to
'2onvert the So.uthiero negroes to
Popery. Jiishiop Vaughan ise an
ear tnest and aggresw iie uiltra-Romai..
t,t, an eloqiTnt, preachier, anId the
awncer of thae Tablet, the pasper which
tearlessly avowS the dot'et.rine that
The Three taluters.
Three great men in itaty stood
highest ini the raisilh of ark .st the
highest time . of lier, .,h'erning
greatness, closely contioted
nooted in experience; wdely.separa.
ted in individual ch er, each
mhowing in various de e the ~
traordinary gifts W 1 i SItae
form, have never died ' from the
Italian race-all equaffeced by
the maiers and policy of the age I
all "mighty m.')1 These three
were Leonardo da Vinci, Michael
Angelo and Raphael. To be a great
artimt was by that time a passport both
to omployment and to popularity.
The world had then begun to seek
them for themselves as well as for
their art. Society had reanbed that
intellectual point when genious is
not only patronized, but lionized.
No one of these three great men
was boxed by convent rules or fetter
ed by partnerships ; eael stood indi
vidual and alone, though drawing
numbers round itself. 'The outline
F)f their characters, therefore, is lost
in no common ground ; and no thread
of history is more trustworthy to fol.
low than the lives and fate of such
nien. Two of them, Jeonardo and
Michael Angelo, w9re befuie and be
yond their age-the one intellectual.
ly, the other morally ; while Ilphael
in both respects stood on a par with
it. .1conardo and Raphael were men
of the world, supple, courtier-ike,
swimmning with the streaui ; Michael
Angelo was stern and up.right, ana
always in confliot with itt.., e.o1jardo
was t,he greater . genits ;' Mihael
Angelo the nobler spirit; 11aphael
tle lappip r n'a. Of one so syrup..
hetic aid hineisful as Ra-pheal it iq
didoult jo give, a telling outline.
liafortune did not try him, secOss
did iot, spoil him, length of I fe did
iot, wery. him ; accordingly the
:ourue of.jan. and th painter pre
rents .u*t,a ai.otliness on which the
ipora.list can lay little hold. Leon,
trdp's gifts,wpre so incredibly ij.uw.e
'o arld ..varied as to hinder the
levelqpnjpnts of his career in any
>ne of them ; lie was also fastidious,
)rocrattinallting, and apparently un.
IoI.quiou0ly ; and jiev,er,was so lofty
f.mw In og t maj%iajned,, by work,
o tgw, s ruined, at%d so,ucertain %s
hope he. has. ..left, , .behind , him
di.ghtel Angelo. was the impirsona-.
ion of laoriouaniess und 9pIaoien,
iousiesa, but his rime and bis, gen.
us were wat.sted. by authority of ignu-~
ance ari! eaprice ; and it was only by
he perseveraiee of an honeat purpose
lie energy of a great mind, and the
IIpOrIturilty Qf a loUg life that he Aor
m011 plished the otu ppnid. us nioiu
nonts that.,initortal.ize him. ,,Ao to
lapheal,,the number of hi..oreations
s cnompared wli the '.shor.ieis of his
areer a.re F,uch as led us to infer that
qual facility and perfection. of pro..
no iona.were tie'.er compatible before
or siiec. L,e,,ijardo worked, ,lowly
Iliol>eal - Angelo 4uriouti)y ; of
.Lpheal'm mode of ..bq - we can only
>e sure thatt it was a d -light to hiam.
ii (binractur of art. .J irntdin il
C nliihel Aigelo we o both strie:
iow ; R oal .nt so Inew 1s-: 1i ,s
.et. F,maliy, their portraitt are th1e I
vpes of the ihm., Leminilrdo, hmil .
'rme anid high bred,, wi,thr an Italians
lignity,, but a epurtier's .praalk
tapihael. young, beautiful , anid u.i
uflied ; MiLhael Agelo's the. .piqurnr.
'ulest.owmnenance we can look upois.
- Adenbrury lie'iew.
Th~ i reni NCunthil.
The great n'rooklyn trial is in iti
Lenith. Mo'ulton arid Tiltonm togethi
~euupied four :weeks. Their ,evi .
penoe was clii'yA documentary, orde.
rivedl from alheged conrfessiur.a. A
great stir was c:iaued Tluesday by the.[I
tesltiny of Mr a. Carry, uaho hiadj
been nurse in Tliltonr's fam rily. She
loatijfies that cn one occa.ion ahe saw
10hizabet.'s seated on Mr. l3eecher's
I.ap. I Ie asked. "EJ'lizableth, how are
you feeling now,'' (uhe had been
4ick.) She replied, "dear f'athrer, I
feel o, so' Thi.:1 was all die, sitw.
Mr lschrards, brothier of Mrs. Trrlt.ri.
unwil.lingly testified that, on one oe-i
esiorn, op eninrg the parlor door add
dern.ly,' hie ,saw Beochrer seated on
a chair, aind. M rs. Tritoi re.treating
precipitately towards the window in
r uchi confuisiop...
*e onaf'esed to her. arid she advised
hirW to eiage his .conisc,upe by miking,
a libi confession, whiob he retuse<'.
i~t. issaiitha da.,itn h
vnrbe.ep,intet, Qapi, Su,san B.
Anthony and~ othe~ra yili be produced
by ''nltun as w.itnesses. ,. .
'',tie e f.enco , will 900upy ,a lone,
time." ,ti e tr ial w,ill. probattly, liat p.
1pr h longer, ,~, 4juryunan fainted
on kriday from exh austion.
It is said tilat two Wabaph avenue
lovers wil bit, up half the night,.with
inily ones ch,air, in, t,hp room, bit.
that. is easily expla,ined to any one
who ha been there.
George F. McIntyre was indioted
laa.t, week by the grand jury of
dollotoni county for failure to turn
over Countv funds to his successor in
The Game of Draw Poker.
rhe following is ab authorized copy
of the rules prepared by the lion.
Voqei-t C. Sybenok, envoy extraordi.
iar ,andl. niiutater plenipotentiury
from tbe Unit.d Stiten. to tle Court,
4of meGeat BiNain -
Tii al is of no special value, and
anyby*pay begin. .
The abler, beginn.ing with the
parton at Iis left, throws around $ve
carde.to 9ach player, giving one Oard
at a time. t
'he dealer shufltes and makes up
the pack hi mself, or it may be done
by ohe player at his left, and the
player at his right must out.
To begin the pool the player next
to the dealer on his left must put up
woney, whlh is called an "anto,"
and thou, in succession, each player
passing around to the left, Imu"t, af.
ter looking at his hand, determine if
he goes in or not; and each person
deciding to play for the pool must
put in twice the amount of the ante.
Those who decline to play throw up
their c.rds, face downward, on th.s
table, anid, per cousequenco, in flont
of the next dealer.
When all who wish to play have
gone in, the perton putting up the
anuto can either give up all interest in
the pool, thus forfeiting the ante
which has bseu put up, or else can
play like the others who have gone in
by "naking good," tiat is, putting up
in addition to the an'.o as iiuchi more
as will wake himself equal in .stake
to the rest.
It a number of players liao gene
in,.it is be.,t generally foi- tho ante
wan to m.4e good and go in, even
witp udpt or hand, ibeoause hilf. his
Stake is already up, and he can, there
fore, stay ' i for half as much as the
others have had to put up, whiuh is a
percent isc in favor of. hit ttking the
risk. 'This of course doeb not, apply
if any one has "raised," that i--, more
than doubled the ante before it
com.t'a around to the starting point.
.Any one at the time of going in
mXUt put up as much as double the
ante, and may put up as much more
as be pleases by way of "TaiNing"
the ante,lin which cash . Avbry. ether
player Riust put up as much as will
make.his7stake equal to suuh ia.
crease, or else abandon what I. has
already put in.
.ach player as he makes good : and
equals.the others who are in - befuro
him can thus.inorease the auto if lie
choos-.p, compolling the others still
to-couto.u,p to that increaso, or to
abavdo their ohtre,fin the po, .
, Al,l "going in"-or "raising, of .the
ppoo, au well a.s all betting afterward
muot,be ill regular.order, going round
bij. the left.; no gne.goig iW,. making
good, ingesipg the ante nor betting
except in turn. .., : I ; ! . V 'I I .
WI.eu.all,are.fn equally who! in
tind to,play, oaoh player in turn will
haye lihe I ri% liege if dcawing ; !h t
is, of throwiung away..uiu,.num.ber of
his five Cards and. drawig as - many
oltiberA, to try thus to-butLur hisihand.
'The cardis thus thrown up must be.
p fud t uo dowliwi,ld op the table,
;d. i) cuviiVnfiple, in front or near
too ne xt deat.6i. -V
The dealtl, 1a4sing aromid , to the
left, will ask each pIlayer in turn how I
many, Qargie he wviii ,bsav,i ud., doal
bisp thme unuiber ank.ed. for fr.omi ,th
top of thp7ppack wi tiot, the.ir. being~
aeon. T'1ho dealer, if ho hasa gene .in
t4, plaj, for .hre, pool, will, in li ke
mnaner, help hiss.of' lost. . . e
. The players mun-t throw.away,t.hecir
disarded cards beooe tasking up or
oolbil,g at those thiey draw,
tVEnur P'iAYnn FOR~ HIDieFI.F..
,in the .ganie every .playet 1s for
himself and against, alh otherd,. an..
t.that eud w.(11 not let iay..of his
ear4y ho een, nor beu,ray who . '#dini.
of his hanid by. tirawinig. or. piqying;
out of his., tura, or by, ebhige of
counste.'u.nce,yr any otheir slign.. I.ls
is a great.object;.ts> mystify ydiur.ad..
versaries ..up . to. thu , goall,'',. .when
hands hiave t,o .be .shown. To'F this
eind it is permuit,t,id to. chaff. or talk
usonnonse, with is -view.of iis.leading
your avr.'asies- as to. the value . of,
Sonr hand, lbut.this.,naast be without
tunreasons.hly delaying, the. game.
W lion the drawing is.,alIl. complete
the betting goes around in order, like
uho' drawing, to the left. Thee anto
man is the ft at to hot unless ha bas
dcclimssd to play, anad in that> ,caso
the first, ,fa the player nearest to 'the.
deuler on t'in. left. But the player~
entitled to~ bet, first mnay withhold
his bet, unEtil the othesa have bet,
'sound to himi, whimh is called "hold..
ipg jglie age," and thiisbot.ng ian ad
vantasge,shsould, as a genohl rule, be
practiced. - I
, 2ht,better in turn mu,st put i.nto
tl)p yfoo) a sun.equal, at, lesat, t6 the
f\rst bet n9ado, but.each may iti trn.
isiorosse .tl.e bet , .or',. raise it net. it
egmes,t,o him, iu.shigsh case the bets,
proopedipgground in.9rdgr7, must be
made I.1. pacho ,Jplayer. ,.in1 his turn
egqual. tio tlie highqtAm.ognt pLt, ina
by, anya one, ,pr s.qlao failing, tp, ,
that, the9. party, w,b.o,faila~ must go out
of the play, forfeit,ing his int.erest in
the pool.. ...... .. i.. s.
Wbhen.a player puts in only as
much as has been put in by each
.Wh~or a player y ity .' .'thot' match
and ra'ea it ti% is 16 43eh '. the,
lieti and "gu.etr
When the01 bogets arlound I,o . the
first better oi playei ivbio" rouiain
in, if he , oeJ'not v4Wi Y ek- and go
anl thou all playing i elo,w i
hands and U.hp helt h d wins the
Pool. .. . % -
1)00. ri do,*ie;0 toso i
When at on e oo tile
bet, or the increase of b6W which ha'N
been made, he ,"lays,down" his hand,
that is, throws it up with tihe cards
face downword on the table. If all
the other playdrs th'ow r lown their
hands, the one who reuailis in to the
last, wine; ad: takes the pdol lithout
showing Wi hiaud.
To "bluff" is take the risk-of bot
ting high' enough ou a poor..band, or
a worthless one, to make all the other
players lay down thair hands wVithout
#3eiug or calling you.
\Vhen a hand is complete,. -sa that
the holder of it can play without
drawing to better it, that is oalled a
pat hand. A bold player will mome.
timnes decline to draw aunycarda,' ai'id
pretend to have a pat hand, and play
it Its such, when he baS none.
A skilful player will watJh and ob.
serve what each player dra.-*, tha ex
pressijo ot the face, the. circum -
stanes and manner of betting, and
judge, or try to judge, of t6 'value
of each hand oppusud to him accord.
No one is bound to answer the
quoesion, how many cardi he drew,
except the dealer ; and, the dealer
Is not bolud to tell after the betting
If the player detaiLmines to driaw to
a pair he draws . three oardt;. ,If he
draws to two pairs lie drawn o1e
If he holds three to ,begin wi-th !o 0
draws two cards, in ordet to have the
best chance of naking a ruuf .Jna.
Much as, in playing, pai.:sar iapt tv
run together. 1Iut, to deocive his ,d.
vnr.,arius and make them l-ink iat t
he ha., &.o.bing better tani twoL paiji,'
a eharp pla,yer will often draw but: d
one .erd to ii..thre.es.
It is advisable toietimei to keep t
an see or other high as an "outdider" A
with a small pair and draw but one t
card, thus taking .the chances of 1
matching the highi cards,.saud so get. -
ting a good two pairs, or somethinig
better, possibly, while at the samne b
time othets may be deceived into be- 11
Hieving that the playor is drawing to a
When drawing to cards f ti.o Sname
ui1t, to try to 1a1ko a fluai, or to
cards of sucessive denlomiia,tions, to
try to make a sequence, as many
morre,.ards,pre to be taken as (vill be
nodedo to Blit out the...Aush or tlhe
sequence. .3ut it is selJoin advisa. i
blo to venture in to dra% for either a
a flush . or.-a - sequence . when mo- ei
a .n uum- oard is required to cou.- i
plete the h. d. :: . D
When a player. lxoldb fours in h.is .
original.band ft im as good; as -it cau
be.; ant yptr-it is.best--to throw away C
thae-outsida card and draw one, be 1
oauie others, may think he is only s
drawing to two pair;, or for a flush or.
a sequence,,and.will rut susect the f
'great value of the hand. -'
\XnI)en) one 's in (aa he .ought eel.
'dow to. bo) .without. ovemaso much as
a pair,-1lia choice must. be either to
di.ird four cards, or three 04.rr,J, j
and drawe-to-t,.be higho,t or te' high- t
Iest en the band,- ori thr:,4~ aeway thme
whole hand .and diresw . live, or .l*,>k,
cteit and. serious, stand pat aind betjI
h igh i . I .. ' . . .a . .I. ,
.The pinyiir det en~uining- to tty thin
last aIlt8rniativ.e on a. woe thless. hane'4.I
'had. generally. better 'begin by '
rai:ing. when hse,goes i.,. or else no-.
.hodyew ill be likely t9 believe in his
preten'ded strong. hand.- . . .- ,
RItI.A.TIVK.YAJ.A'E OE JJANDS)f IN TlIx,I.
'On,nDi.Rt BIQINNIN( WITil Thy, n1cCT...
,3...A.:equecoe.l'nluher W,hich is a
sequence ,of .five cards, and all ef the
samte s'uib. -.
2. Fcours.-Whiich is tourero the five
carc of the.en nmb denomination .
2?. ,A ull,W hich -is a hanad eo.n.
siat,ng oif three :.cards of ilheacuasn
denmomimtationes, .nd..two of hICaewis
equaliI denmintion~ ). *' i. s.
.4. A Flush-r..W hioh is all five cards
of the sanme st4t -
- 5. A Sequeoio*MW~hichi is all flva
nardi,not of :the samp muita but aill in
sequene. .[11n computing '4he value
of-a sequene, an aco counts ceit,bair
s the hig~hem.t orilowest cs.rdr thati is,
belotw a detnoo ofv abe9ve.the king.]J
6..Threet-W hi,b isthree ..cards
of the same: douri.nat ion, hut the
other two of differenmt, denomminati e:n
fronm each othecr..
7. Two pairs.
,.. When a hand, has neither of the
above the count is,by. .1,bo cards of
highest vaal.mo or denomination. . a,.
When partiQs oppose.1each hold a
psirg the Aighest. pair winst, ani. the
same when each' party holds threes
Sor fours. . c- , '
. Vhen eaoh party hmol4s twvo pairs,.
.the~ highest, pairs o(- the two deter
mninos ths relat,ive value of hands..
WVhen eroh part,y holds a sequence
the hand commcencing wit.h the high
ag4inst acli tij .
'ar fdl'bouits hi'ghest of which
tho .three oards of the smip deqromitna,
tipu are hijghist. The two uards of
the iame di.uoujination help .vuly to
constituto the full, but do not add to
the iA'.6fh hand. .
Whe aida are equal so far' that
eagh eaohs,rla y hsold a P-ir, or two
pairs of exaly tihe salne value, then
the next*hieut oard,ur 94rds-in eyetch
han mdia'st be compared with tI?e nckt
uard or cards in the other fand to de.
In case of the.highest hitnds (which
very soldom qqpurs) being exactly
equl'; the pool is divided.
ThedsIain ele'inete' of:stlc2eaa-in tlhe
gain. 'are: (1) goo6d luok; (2)
good carda; (3) plenty of choek-; and
(4). good tempor.
*Many Pip.ris rate 1throes in reInlive
vaiue above a sequeniee; bal. lhe bet(er
Dpiniion in .hm. v eguenoe should rank
Ara., r- being in itself onte of mi.io comptejo
lauds. -Spirit of the Pimej.
. A considerable til- vas' ereated in
the nteighborhood of the Court-house
buuL balf-pastone o'clock ysterday
afteruoon by an affray ii which So.
lioitor C. IV. Buttz was shot ju two
places by Detective W in. lord, col
)red. ford,t keenis, hd ihreatenl
..d Capt. Hendricks in' King street
)n Saturday night, aud tho latter
00a'rday umorning obtaiped a war
*ant for lord's arrest from Justice
bevy, who allotve' the noused a few
iours in which to olt:ii $1,060. bail.
During this irterval Hord, 'who was
1"owhat under the influence of
iquor, approached Bukti, pecording
o some accOunls, importuning himp
o begonoe his gebutiity. Whatever
>aased between tbouj Boti gave
imu no. encourageomit, andt Wilked
ff into the court iq tbo roar of the
'urthouse. Ile had ,not been thure
miany njinutes 'wh'n Iord again came
ip, and'drawing out his pitol timed
qarely at 13itizi the ball. pt&t
bro,ug tiq left Jappts of' ther "gat.
11rit'l,h t1io , ok.t-'wais 90atc. d ,
orR10iilg., .d infl itug a ig4t
round on the"Ctthrast, just bilow
he..collar-bone. Jluttz thei turned,
td I1ord.feredjngain, 'the ball this
ine taking effect in the solicit.- v's
oft hip, and causing a slight fle.h
ound. . Hrd fired two other shot
oth of which missed their uim, an'd
ofore he could fire the fifth he was
urled to the ground by bystandera
ud secured. The pi.,tol was a Qolt,'s
rmyofive-shooter. iturd w.q lim
todiato,y arrested and Sent to jiil.
.etw awl Courier.
Butler ulho Cabinct.
A Wiasbingtolidimpatdh' says: t
stated with iuch confiden le
11mougst the MassachuSettv politi
ians here that Uem. Bkt,lor is to go
t1i 0&binet sh!rtly after tl4e 4th
f M troh. Senator C4rpentter, it is
owm said, 'would not bit -wihll,g i.
ive up his luveative 'practice- for a
'abinet Office, and Uet.- Blitier is
mtt dowpa foritlie.Attornoy- Gonoral
hip. Attorney-Gemntal Willian, it,
inid, will be wiling to exuhange
Lit a foreign amission.
|ncouraging Mlnnfacturcrs in the Sonthi.
The A.kansas Gemneral. -Assernbly
aa l'e a bill. neuptinmg from
maxation for a period of -tmm years
mom rhe ratiicat iou. of the constitu
lon "'capttal that.is isow or oma.
*ereafter bijinvested ainid exclusive..
y, usead in tite mumuacture of eettton
mud woolen goods, yarns, agricultural
maplem:lenkI~m in taunerics, in i,ha
mmaiiufacuire of cottonm aced oil,' ini
'inin4 and in sameltinmg furiaces.'
A .motalio cuI;mn, coontainiqg the
od y; uf 'in -buy, was dra-ggedgigT fro m
he.bottoin of,tho ffiusrippi - -:iver,
sl?o'rt distance abotie' Ns;w Orleaims
few g.5 ago. - mhecoffinweut 6f
.i aiftoeen yea.s, and oo:sueatmy at,
east that time . must *h.svo;-pa.e
inde:I it,;wai.sunmkaimi thne river. -r Te
of!i., being aantight, lied predrjod
he.'corpse, amnd in thai b.'udy were
oun ii sovural quta indienLm ve of al
Tfhc Starch for Charley lss,.
.Tahie New York. in .snya (hristian
(. iloss,~ the taathmar of Charley Ro3
1ita lSen mearchiing thme mdhots of the
.I.ritaun .mivor Mind adjoiinmg tintreamsa,
ylhere M tbem wjma*i LIthO ha bit, of
aiminrg, esa~imiing., tme..houses, fur at
t,range boy, buig jithuut, suwxoosa.
,,New .York is growing -virtuous.
[iamte week the can-oain -danoo was
uppressed , and all .the gauinbling
ugs c:losed,. But it is oasy onough
for people with plenty of imoney to
bie honeat.,, New York- can tufford to
do wi'thmoot. the ,ean..shn whmile the
scanidal trial isxsunning. ..
.M in Kellogg' is making $2500 a
week. and.in'esn't care for immn.: She
didn't comes of am very rowiant,io family
and :never couldl ee ,any poetry ini
akirmismhing with a thread and raeedlec
.rnm',d im. r...n,1d n,.nm sf ma inah.and
When the spring IMrds begin to
twittei- in the .gr'ves, tI the f rogs
'o eroak in the s.wamUps, the Southern
jourtials coinicice the .sue old
song, "Plant less cotton." This ad
vice has been .given for tbe last thirty
ye;rs, and it haH recetitly mado its
appearanoe with the ucoustomed
iegularity. In all the Southern
States the inewspapers are united in
urging upon the farmer to plant lss
cotton, and more CoIn and oats, the
coning spring. Tfhcy show from the
statistica that at prosent prices it
does not pay to raise cotton, and it
is fly to sucritice everything for
cotton, a.has been the custom. for
years. There can be no question
that tho best interests of South
would be materially improved if tL-e
farming community would give- more
attoution t, the raising of the neoes
saryarticles.. of food required for
itoe ooitiumption and less to the
specialty of cotton. Cotton is now
(luuted about its low in Liverpool as
at any time since the war. Tiis in.
formation should certainly - induce
farmers to plant morecorn and raise
all their other Supplies. Indeed,
with cotton below the cont of pro.
duction, farmers will be compolled
to raise their own hupplies. But
this never would be done if cotton
remained at eighteen amid twenty
cents, and corn and bieun even .t
tie present 111ieCs. lleretoiore. it
hs been iieless to urge this syatenx
of farming atmong planiters, but now
lite price of cotton will be an argu
ImIenTtto the farmers that Will be
irreisible, and it comes just at the
right time, wlhen preparations for
he ootoing crops are about commene
3d.' The planting of less cotton will
Jo awuy with the.suioidul policy of
!etting supidies on a credit, which
las been an injury to the norchao t
i.d planter. We have Seen thin
Fact rocently illustrated in an agri .
ultural paper from an actual bid,
s follows :
1,00U lbs. oif bac6' at 'f5e.... $450 00
li).st and for -advanuinig for
iii diuths.... .... .... ..112 50
Total.... ...........$562 50
Now, we would ask, in all candor,
kit) farnmor of 'coninon sense how
e could expect iny fate but the
1oor.-houso by*buch an arrangement
A the:above ? It is no wonder f,ir
mers are in debt, and will keep in
dclt, when'they do business upon
uch a dredit system. -It is no excuse
to s4y. they cannot. wake their bacon,
,id cinuot make their rtrops without
it. If they cannot make corn and
Lb con. enough to work .Mo .- hundred
eres of land, .thefr ieduoo your sur-.
sae-nifd.'work one hundred acres,
nd do not, we beseech you, go ir
delt for your 6upplies. No business
n this country will stand up under
uch a rate of interest -and advano
1ng, by which you will becomo - poor
)r and poorer etetq )ear. The- ad
iringe ulhd itere. acuount on the
k* bOva bill would 0atonioh any tar
ner outside of the votton States, yet
t is anx autuil true bill, and only a
:pecimte of humireds of every day
>ecurrenec. How long ! 0, [ord,
1ow log ! will the farmers of is.
ssissippi continue to make of them,
elves mere ' hxowers of wood and
Irnwers of. water."-2.Memp1es Aip.
Mr. WVendelH Pilhips will not be
ikely. to accept Senator Gordon's in
~iLation to.visiL the South, anmd see
'Wr himself if the Spri ngfield Repub
le.an estiinnteu hiux aright., Here is
vbhat it says of hsim: "Knowlodge.
gould bring with it responsibility,
hd that is somiething wyhichx Mr.
We~ndell Phillips.odu.lusly auoids.i
~t is not in his line ; he, does not
hoose to. inouiber and cripiple him
molf in any such way. Having onice
saer.tainexd the exact truth about the
outh from personal observation aind
txpoiniece, lie would be obliged -to
ionhne himnself to se in his subierinent,
-peeubie* til lttexs. H o preferil 'tio
go blind,' thank you.- The . eauntry
gai.nain poinit of rhetorie, and no
go at ham in is itlone ; ice thle niumui
ber of peop,Je whxo pay ainy attention
Lo .\ r. ibllli p's counseh; andl warin
ings is very limited, llere in Now
Engb..nd then great majority of us
would ais suoon thiink of r'egeuatinig our
waitehies by lhe aiur1ora -horealis as otf
reguistinag our politics by M\r. Wecn
tell Ph illips.
T1hae New Yor'k Star gives the fol
loutinig as the OinplIeinsation of the
lawyers ini th e Iluechier e.se :Proc
t, fa'unc; 1'lor1rris, ax iort gage;
Jiulmlertonu, Moult,on's cek ; Beach,
fime alnd prospetsm ; A bot,t, $5,000
Hill, thianks~ $5bt,00 ; Shecariman,
personal satin.-faction ; Tracy, .$5,000&
anid thsaks; Porter', $10,000 ; Evarts,
TIhe D)emocrats are ei id ent ef
carryinxg New llmpshire tin the
gth . of. M1ai oh. They propose to
elect a Governxor, mxenibor of' (on
gresst and .the State Legislature.
G ranmt's Arkannas- imossaige provoked
a Republicanu Senxator to. exslaaxn:
"This beats us ini New I!a mpsio'
It is believed that theo robuke of thats
P F Clp lA ite ' ..5o .
Williams, BlacK, & Williams,
-No.-3 Corid Eichange
'80 UTI A 7'I;ANTIC '1*'1A A' P.
prepare1 p.ndt t.he speial aMpervi'sinn o
our Chei st, .)I: ST, J'U;N IAVENEL
are tow offere'd at. rdduoed raoe. ' -
8 oIl1 Gnano. (thoroughly Ana mninfed.)'
Payable April 1s(. $.100.
" Nov. Ist, wiliout. iiIe'rest. 63 00
Acid Phosphate, Cas.i a4 nbove. . .110 00.
" " Time', as above'. 36 00'
With "C6t61n 0)tion." oi '.bfsis, of
livcrpool Middlings at 10.Cents pound,
OeIlivered At neiire.st' Rairoaii I'pot on or
beforo Novenubete 16th, as fo)l ows s-,
1olublolluanlo, 'Time. s,o 00,
Acid Phosphate. , 6 , ' 40 001
Drnyage, $1.00 per.Ton, unloae ordered
by the Car load (8 tons).
E. C. WILLIA \MS, rreAsu'rer,
.:R ey Box 486, 'hawle11sto'i, 8', C.
T V'..' FLENNI14EN, Agent at Winnsboro.
DEALER IN FURNI 0B
OF 'illE very best qualities. far T'arlore'
Chmlners and Diniitg lotms. For
lesign and workniannship, UNEQUALLED!
I offer at prices that .dofy-* competition I
* liedsteads .
M AII of hard wood, and: wkr'ntAl 16'
tive enmiro satisfatetion. .1 ioe no 'Inferk'
r quality. Use' eodnoiU and' biy the
wes - aid by wlhe;.e yoi can buy the
AND BUY the People'd SP'ING' 'BED,
[t is IfMe best:in 'llie.,wrkot without ex
,eption. They ' 61ij.
'RiATTA X' anad Split 1eat "Chhi t' -'lie.
inlty'. Our prices are beyond compe
Mattresses . .a
01" my OWn. nIAnufat4e,' Window'
khades, -W;1I Bra-;keta, Packets and
U irzrr. -
FURNITUREI- nvatly repaired at 'mo
Lte lrices. Picture framos.atie to order.
GIVEN to the UndertakU 's t)eprt
nent.. t kd orH, lanad full supply of
detali' CaMses ,and Wo id' Coflint of the
inest finish. All 0ali" promptly alCledd
c. My terms are caul. I act. npon 11he
heory that short, settlements make lon,
oot 8 .
\o. I, $25.00 ; ' No. 2,$37.00
No. 3, $42.00.
F" 31E bc-t . t li .Av'P .i. AC I 11 E, in t
. mariket., mankes the~ LO)K STITC'
ralko an both aides. - Th'Ioutsads of ladlo'
in time Carolinmas enni testify to its merucits.
It will do0 thec samne w.ork atld( otly cos'le
onte-f1difr it' i mnoney that .ibu would
Iaive to pay for oneo ot thet 80-CA LLED)
: or oirotnlar, samiplek of wvo,rk, Nceedlcs
Thread ant iil, call on'
-A. A. MitltRIS,
'Agt,. for Fatirfield Counmmty 8, C.
lie is, agent faor alhe celebrated Ligh
Romnninag llaame \.lachino.
D). 0. MIAXW EL~L, Chlarlotte,t. C.
Gent. Agt. for N. (., 8. C., Ua., and Fla,
mneh I --ly
.1. 1aam siih-praop ead to makka and repair
l'aoitaible Grist .\ills,~ amnd do job work of
. A LSO,
A t kin b of Coliuas awil t1fasn kept on
htand. l'raeas ao saait ht tfaoan
gey Ay Nli,ave taa~aken L;he firs
pamammmfl nr. thme bai ltu'air' for aevera.