Newspaper Page Text
11% MEANS DAVIS Editor,
ednitdoy lorning April 7, 87.
The election in k%oWinectiout takes
placo on the 13.h A ptil. Last year
the domncratic governor was cleoted
by 6,000 majority. ''wo years ago
the republicuns elected three out of
four Congressmen. 'The election
will be oloso this year.
The Legislature paseed thirty..ix
public acts, flfty six acts of incorpora
tion, sixty-eiglt private and locnt aots
and fifteen special tax ats, besides
four acts in the h%nds of of the Gov
ornor. 'lhis vneics 17. aets, as the
work of the pst session of 12-3 days.
Florida seems to have .a bright
future before her. Shortly after the
war closed sho was in a desperate
condition, lier farmer- had risked
their all in plan'ing :-1 b t last it.
Slo .posseisel bit few intnral -im
provements, and her government was
in tirt hands of as graceless a ring of
villains -a' had -sprung up im any of
the.down-trodden Southern Mtates.
But she is gradually rising from the
miro. It ha beeii diteoverod that
,rier true national wealth lies in her
W4mi-tropioal produationi. Ocanze
grove. have been plutcd everywhere
and theFo.ield a r-iuh htrvest of hun.
dr-ds of dlulars to the core. Her
government 'is being slowly but lbys
degrees restored to the Conservative
and carpL-t baggers are naking pro.
paration for an ex sius. But
Florida's crowtring glory is her
climate. Extendng in the shape of
a peninula far down towards tho
South, she is pe-petually faned by
the balmy bretz. or t4tj gulfjand
gulf stream. So that while the
mercury is congealing in the Northern
latitudes, the Floi idan contemplate
through his open w-indow the beau
ties of the tropical foliage surround.
Florida is the haven for oosniump.
tives, nnd thither thousands of these
resort every winter. Thousands of
pleassur see'kers aIsoll ;c1c to St. Au
gustino, Jacksonville, a'na other
towns along the western shore.
Every year this travel is increasing.
It is est-init' that 60,000 visiterd the
State this season. -One hotel dec'ar.
ed a dividend of thirt.y three ands a
third pier centt. Astor 'contemny.1 tes
erecting a pulItial resting plasce
for visitors, andl .lohn Alorrissey will
fu rn ish a mia gn ill eent gi nbling hall.
Wealthy No4thecrn men are invest
ing in real ERtate. Henry Ward
Recoher has pure-haredl a farto, and
is hatving an orange gfrove planted;
and M%rs. Stowo has been living in
Florida foir some time. All tirese
circumistances will have a tandency to,
raise theo'value cf reai )Etata and to
people the new almost desert wastes.
Th~le future of Florida is bright.
The Bonanza Bill and the C1oimission
The crowning infamy of the last
session) of the Legistaturo was the
paersago of the "bonanza bill," pro.
viding for the payment of over a
half mill-ion dbolitars worth of cla.
This bill as met by the Governor
with a stinging veto, and a message
which giaaddenIed the hearts of afl
honest citixonis. For althoug6~ a
this enormous bonantza there is some
sterling ore, yet the main rortion
is nothing but dross. We had hoped
that this bill was dead. But Speak
er Elliott made a miost remarkable
ruling, which, being sustained by a
majority of t-he house, breathed a,
guasi li-fe into this festering vareass
suflioient at least to enable it to
eroopa into thme courts. here it will
be stoutly contes-ted, we trust.
It will be remembered that ti
bill appoirted three comnmissoners
J. P. Southern, WV. i. GJulick and
C-davender4o carry ont its pro'
visions. Gov.. Chamberlahin in his
vetoexpressed1 his want of ciinadene e
in the ltutsa of 'tlre commilissoners.
for their duti-es, whereupon, it is
sa id, Mrl . Southern 'sont in a h.etter
to the Speak 'r,refusinig to acep4t the
trust. TIhis letter waas never rend,
and a detterminled c4fo,rt hs been
imade to induce Mr. Smuthmern to
revoke h1i4 determination si.nd quatlf'y 4
n.4 one of the cOotmi,ssioniers, It js
paid that unless lie cgunlifi', thei
whole set falls to the ground, as the o
law provides for three commni'sioners. a
In this amcrgonov, the-.....jit, l .
ioldvts are working like beavers.
68ilis is still in Columbia, pnishiii
ls p,ADO-ms're in.every conceivable
mannes. As a robult of the labors
>th041riends of the act,: the Phonix
3f the 2d Atril ebntained the fol
"We fnderstand4 that Mr. J. P
Bouthern, has upon the advice of
prpnianent gentlemen, consented to
ierve on the commiision inder the
Act for redemption of certain claims
against the State,lshould the courts
decide that the Act has become a.
We regret otremely to see t.his
announoenent, and feel inclined to
hope, even against hope, that the
Phoenix is misinformoud.
e trust that Mr. Southern will
well consider this matter., b'fore
accepting this peculiar position.
T-his bill has been denounced openly
in tire legislative halls as reeking
with corruption. Tie Governor in a
bold and masterly wessage, affixed
to it the seal of his unqualified non..
demniation. The loading republican
newspapers and the entire conserva
tive pross, of any standing, pronounce
it an enormous swindle, while the
honest masses protest loudly against
it. The act if it be an aot, was pass.
cd by a contemptible legislative
trick, and this circumstance and the
character of the anet itself are
enough to make any man who val
ues hiP good name, pause before lie
associates himself with it. And
when lie has it In his power to make
or unmake this act his grave respon
yibility should cause him especially
to shritik from the graceless task ii.
posed upon him.
Mr. Fouthern is one of the leading
business men of Colu.mbia and the
prasident of a bank. (anl he afford
to foster in his bosom thut which is
universally pronounced a poisonous
serpent? Serpents are proverbially
ungrateful and often sting to death
those who have warmed them into
Let not Mr. Southern be allured
by the honeyd argument that it is
better to pay fraudulent claims
than to permit honest creditors to
su'iffer. The botfittc creditors must
iacrifice their interests for the good of
the community. We hold a small
3laim against the state for work
honestly donN, work necessary for the
alaintenan ce of the government.
But we would rather cancel our
alaims than have them paid t.long
with swiudloa and jobs at the ex
pense of a toiling, poverty-stricken
people. Wehavo waited years and
3an wait longer. We ire not de
pendent upon p-o-blic pap. And we
believe that we express the senti.
a.-ents of honest oeditors lu express
ing 'our own~. loinet claims, like good
wino will keep. Only the manmufac,
tured arti-cle be-comies worthless in
time whren ferumentation has ceased.
Let Miir. Southern remmember that
:n one harEd arc a few hungry credi
tors ; on time other, ai half' million
toiling citi'iens tvhotimid it diflicult to
defray the enormous taxes wrung
from them, and to whom am extra
tax to pamy $600,000 of claims will
be n'bsoluto ruin. We trust that Mr'.
Bouthovnrm will re'fuse to touch thi8
matter, and will thus firmly plant
himself upon thme same footing
as the vast nmajority of the decent
people of Soth tarolina. 1Ie would
aever regret this course.
There is no surer roadl to prosperity
and wealth than that whiioh leads
through ttie busy world of maniu
factures. There is not i town or vil
lage in time South but what has this
roadl standing open to it, if the inhmabi
tant,s will only arouse themselves arid
enter upon it. Our own town has
peouliar advantages owing to its situa
tion tipon the'railIroad, giving|it access
to th-e outer world as weoll to time ex
tensivo country -lying all around it,
ewibracirng some of time ~best cotton
lands -in thme State. In time North or
WeOst., a town possessing such advan
tages would long tre this hmave had
established withmin its himni s a nmii
bor of factories, turninig out useful
articles of vimous kinds. and bring.
ing employment, prosperity,bappiness
andl contentment to every hmousehlmid.
WhIy do we not show as imuch nergry
ad businesi, taot, andI inaugurste a
new era in our midot 1 Is it because
we are ineapable of carryinug on such
buterprizes successfully ; or-is 'it be
sauso we nire too 'much take, tip with
no idea.--cotton----to permiit our minds
o d well u.pon any thinig else ? There
~ro many success.ful business mcin in
lie South, proving that uie have
nergy anmd corme bc usincs~ knowledge.
rho difficulty mutst lie oeisowhero. 1f
I. be becauise we cani think of nothing
Ise but cotton, then let us turn our
ttention to the manufacture of cot
n : not simply confining onre.ls.
to raIkjoF Aoatksple.
N1o Auld - have a ottph
factory in suocosful operatioa gii
ing enp;o 'Ut to scores of Wertj
--per q; a market for a,
aumod ofgotton whiqh Is now 11fip.
od to d1stAnt Ninto bringing money
to ourtwO. .to p
and other branches of business ; axd
filling the66t tdlagh?g
time heavy .prooderjved from the sale
of the Yarp a9d olokh.
13-t it may Ge a0d. .8 oefpy- p
water pawer near us. Then use
steam ; wood is eloapur lhere for fuel
than cool i in IMhy :places wl're
manufactories are saeceisfully car
ried on by -steam , and the supply of
wood is ino-xhaustible. .
Supp.8e we ltd.a co,toe fjotory'run
ning by steam in this towo, the seie
power employed to driv0 Fpindles ah
looms could also drive one or more
cottoi-gitg. Now if 4 u was
brought directly from the Geld to the
factory, it could be bought.at a cheap.
or rate, because the pinter would
be saved all tihe -expense of gloning,
baling, bogging, ties, &o., , and he
would be glad to. haul it to tke :vil
lage in the sedd, and sell it fotvash,
at a very Idw rate. Here the footory
would de'rivi 'its first profit. The
ne.t thiing to do would be, to run it
thro,ugh thA gin., and ib. a few hours
the lint would be ready for the
Tie demand for yarn alone, t sup.
ply the country around, w1ould af"lost
be sufficient to consume the -en iro
product of the mill, which would be
bought and paid for on the spot. Or
if otheriwise, the demand from abroad
will alwaya be in excess of the supply
providing -t he- vory best aTtioles are
produced. Or"if loonis werecades4,
and the latest and beet' nmncbinery
alone secured, th.tro would awa)s be
a steady dowand for tihe olotl,at the
door of the factory. Skilled labor
can easily be secured, as there ar9
thousainds of spinnera and ,veaveri
nw without *employmont in this
o ,untry and in- Europe, wYho would,
only be too glad to Febure the -posi
tions. These would soon lnstruot
those of our o!n peoply, vvbo might
be engrged, and cro long wo would
have all the labor wo .-could possibly
But tihe MhaIn diffio 1ty In tte way
is tie wan-t of capital, at least we are
apt to thinkso, We.uually , expect
that All such .entirprise oi'tamnit'e
with a paid in outh co'pital of certoin
ly not less than one hundred -thous
and dollars, and if this anmount can
not be secured we think it usole-Ms to
commence. But in this we make a
great mi.stakc. One tetith of that
amount, or even. les, would be amply
sufieint to start time emnterpi ise. Let
any mamn make the calculation for
himmself of the cost of a; lot of land
on the line of a railroad, in or very
near time town lhmits ; the expense
of erecting a plain, but substantial
frame bumilding, one story high, but
extending in'leugth as farasm require(
for thbe pmurpoe; omio thfdi-Norse
power steam engine and two or three
frameis of spindles- to coimmente
with, and lhe will find thait ten
thousanid dollars would cover the
enttire ouitlay and put the~ f.actory
in rann'ing conditionm, and ready
to earn imnoney at 0on00. It. till
tme profits for a torin of y ears were
put bock into time e-nte.rprise, in 'thme
way of :noro -buildings anrd machmine y.,
it would net he very long before the
one hundred thous and dollars would
be raised and actuamlly imnvested ini the
The followi'ng artiolo from tihe
Missouri Rtepumblican ex.prem.ses the
same idea-. Substitute the State o'f
South Carolina fo,r Missouri, amid it
will apply exactly to our State.
"It takes far less ca-pital to start a
manufacture in a . favorable place
thamn is imagined ; time business re
qjuirea, labor moro thamn it requires
capital, anmd thoro is :.9t a coun-ty ini
M\lissouri out of fifty that can be
namedthat does not possess uneum
ployed labo-r onouigh to. stock a dozen
factories. ,Suopa.sful wuu.f,res
are nmot gemorphly establicked *; they
growv froum small beginnmiags, Ir a
cinipanmy of foreigm 'apitalits--wcre to
go into a county of this Mtate, ereet
lamrgo buildings, hit them ump with ap
provecd tmchinery, manj invest one
hunimd red thmousandmc doll -r in mma pa rioerr.
Imar imd.tty, the poalimtes arc
thait it would mail.; but, it thme cit izensi
of the same county were t-o eme-irk ini
theo ,amet industry on.a smuall scale,
with eight or tetn thousund dllamm,
Cm")Play ibg guoh la bor as .they could
get im the vicinitA eonducting their
operat,ions with econoiny., feel.ing
their way as the.y went alog, amnd en
larging their business as time demand
for -te-ir fabrics isorcosed, the expe-ri
mment would probably grow in-to a pros
perous indust-ry, 'employing profita
bly onmo-iundred thousand dollars. It
wouIld make its own eapital- a.nd then
invest it in an enlarged buainees. Thel l
entrprise would expa~nd with its an.
nual profits. -Other enterprises woulid
be attracted by its sucoess, and in a
fow so.irs the nlace wotuld lim re
ni as a thrifty wanufa' uring 0o.
tu . ty'This' ibo i y
ly coessl1 indu. ies in is
col ry, at it iWull ofiencour e.
mOP . ItorUVoe that for ign money
a rnpo(d.0lab are ,o noogr
to e development of a Lealthful and
profitable systemu of manufactures,
and that willing lAbor, energy and
1Tit%t1biation ate the obilef-prerequi.
stes.. Maqufaot res are groarigu?
it smpd y,'-b'tW6'. iudis
tries that causes thew to group to
gether.. A. busy community irresisti.
1'ly- att(aots bdt capitul- and -labor ;
L Idleo1omm1uuity repoIs thol. It
is a thoer waste of titno for an idle
p-,pu!a in to point to their r:ch soil,
fine tituber, w-iter power and beds of
coal and ore, and cail on somebody in
th east, or In Europe to. .come and
wo.k up, these cheap materials into
.abrips.; the sol:cited labor and cupi,
tal will not come, beoause tiioy will
argue that if the boa8ted advantages
really exist in the viuinity, the resi.
dent population would iwprove them.
lVut Aet that population go resolutely
to work to make foirtunes out of their
own resources, inaugurating manufae
turesQ0 a aill so h0, putting in a
Itttle money and plenty of work, en.
ploying all the idle persons in the vi
cinity, and managing their business
with frugality and judgment, and
Lhey will be turprised and delighted
at the resultk; their example will be
noted tabroad ; the huml of their
operations will resounr far and wide,
and the wealth and immigration that
avoided them before will eagerly
come forwad- to U.sist th6M.1
If:I LL 1W E R 1.
T AD1I8g iati frithmed to order by an
L ex4milenced Milliner, at reasonalhE
rates, and warranted to give satisaelion.
TI E largest nnu finest stock or Black Al
pica in this place.
A benutiiful stock of Piquc, Striped and
Ch'ecked X tinsooks, Jackonets. Swiss
ilulins, 40. Notions and Ti-iniings in
great variety at
aprIl 6 J. II. DROWN'S.
UIt Spring stock ham now arrived and
. we invite the inspection of all buy.
er2. A One lot. of
Dress Goods at Low Prices.
Millinery opening this week. Come one
come all, give ). Lauderdale a call, and
bring the money.
WX. C. BEE & CO.,
AD)JElt'8 WIIill?, CH[AlTLESTON S.CU
F IBRItA[, advances mado umponi on
-J smignments of Corton or oilher Fro
ducte to them in Chmariestonm, or ilhroumgh
their correspodents in Liverpool, New
Y'ork anid lBaltimiore.
Ot f' I'.ricula -allenton to the salr
Bluik Eye llee-rv
And Moth Trap.
('30NNNO19,CLOWNEY & Co., propria.
U2 br for time coumnti"a of I'nirfield mind
Chieter, otl'er N'arm RIgats io make
amid us0 (lhe same withm samplei hive for
$10.00.' A pply at once anid be ready4 to
hcuso t he first iwarmns.
mar 10 i%innsnoro, S. .
In tor An to ar ivo eh gods to
- veylay use, ad for thec holiday a
Colorra and lilnckc Ki,l (floves, Ladies'
Prsq .oos Shawls floiilevardi
~Skirts, Unsimieinres. .Jeans,
Dommestio Ooods, ilaiiak
etsi, Ladies. (Getsi
e 'woudetia 0 he lim o niiont oftt the
lnd,es to -our bes,ngiful lhisk 8iltcs a
*eithnn*ntis of'C~a'r pdis atf 'rt'duceA TpY?'oes
Nails, Ironi, Tin, Jimardwar., Woden Ware,'
'lin-Ware, Crockery, (als, Drugs, Patent
Medtiie.s, Soaps. E~xtrcos, Toot,.
lirushes, 'Nail lWnsbes, hanir Blrus'hes a
Fanney Artiole's fo-r flifts, &b. '
Photograph Al bums, Novels. Bibles,
I,imn looks, Prayer hocdks, Gift JSook, -
CAL~L AND GET G00OD ARLT1
CLES A T LOWV PRICES!
dcc 12 McMaster & Blrice,
a CI S42 W mIea.
Cotton and Manllla gpo r plo,*Ing.
Well It pe. .
L. H Shovels -i Ianul- 'f#rks, Tub
and,Buokes,j Nails- and Axes, C*tou
Cards, Han. 8..ws, Padlooks,
1 Tier.e Primo Ciprolina Rice.
26 Ituiqls aasort,od HIdug and PliitI
- o Hale-l6w fVr Cash.
3atr Bro. a Son
ROSENHEIM & CO.
E USPECTFTFULL4Y Iuform the pub
'lie in fosier4l t hat ,hey hatve olijuel
tIe store ormerly oc'upied by .f. H
Iastlcart where they intend to conduct t
general stock of merchandise, consisting o
BOOTS .A ND STIOES,
Pair and sqvare treatment to oao a anw
1vtry one that will Uall on us.
Us. S Broad Street and 109 East Day 9tre,
tHARLESTON, S. 0.
YET, nY VSIN CHEAPER GRADFA OF sTO(,
WE CAN FURNISM WORK Af
LOWEST LNYT13G PRICi.
FINE fASUIDNASLE STATION[Mf,
Pitties Papel im Eny'elegg,
fa in and @aTU favtaoill
ON THE BEST STOCK AND PRsNTE'b IN THE
Winns'b)olO lilliner y Enzaar
'RSV. Bang wisihes to inform hei
LVLfriends and patrons genera&lly
liat she has juut returned fromi the North
Lrte*r p)urchsing a full and completi
sock of Alillinecry, consi.<tilg of' Fre'nol
>atterni Ilata and D)on'ness, Straw Goods
found ina a first,-class
Also a b'eaiti ical line of White Goods
)reas Oloods, Calicoes, lIosIe'y Glove-s
4'eiions a-ad Fnney (GoO<h. 'end othore
oo -itunterous 'to mnen'ron, all or whicseh l1
-x pecs edi t o arrive anid be open for in,
JBedtion during the wick. All 'I ask 'ii
o call ftn'd see for.ymt:rself when nmy goods
79 STA BLU, 7
L, F. GDODIDUr
[_T V'NG 'dlspered of -rny.Iive'ry'int
..L. est, t o 'l. T. Terrtill, 1 w'llIj kee p
onsat a ntly -on sh and hlorses f'nt' in u-les for
ale. Parties 4n vra'rt of good at-o.k w4l
o Well t-o.give mhe a call.
'I have also opened a Carrnage, Danggy
nd WYag'gon Fanctory. All work neat
leout-ed and warrant-od. OIve -me saal
A'I AZOThl -l 1%IA TZOTHI I
atatot 'will bie inanufaogured il
'ear under thse superilntendertfe of SlIR
. AAYERfS. Orders for samo.'to scure
tintlon, muust be sent in by 'l0h A pril.
84 Alarket street, Charleston, 8. C
Car Load Whito Aon.
Car Load White F",eed
1 Car Load Flour-all grades,
All grades of 8UGAIR.
Rio and Java Coffee.
Choice . Hams, White and
Smoked 'eon. .
Lard i bbl.; Kegs mid cans.
Pearl Gn%, . i eal.
D. R. FLENNIK (4N.
PIERRE BAC OT,
f - FFERS for sale the following very
Popular brands, viz
Bradley's Sea Fowl Gualno.
C. C. Coe's Superphosphate.
Bradley's Aninonlated Dissolved
Royal Guano Compound.
Bradley's Acid Phospliate.
Parties wishing Ouanos by the car-load
can have them ordered to Dko, iidgeway.
Lyles' Ford and Strother's Stations. a8 I
am agent fur the entire County of Fair.
field. Time sales due November 1 -1.
For arrangenentm on time and price wit h
cotton option a pply to
P'IEURE BA COT.
-New & sudsome
CONNOR & CHINDLER'S.
Stetling Silver Plate, Suitable
for birth-day and Bridal
Setts -off .rich Jewelry, Furguoiso
P'earl and -Amethyst,
From $3to $15 per Sett.
A variety of Fine inekelrts, and Seal
A fresh lot of POCK I'T ~RNI'VE~S
TIH' STO NO
- N ClIfAURL E8riON, 5. e..
W.liamns, Black(,& Williams,
~%o.-3 Cotlon IExchange
4soUT/i A 2LA N*7?C biIAkM'.
Those First Class 'Fortlit.ors, carefully
prepuned 'undler the special sutpervisaion of
ourChernist, DRt. ST, .1ULlJEN ItAVENE~L
aI'b now of'ered at trednced 'rare.
sohible Guano. (thIoroughly Amtomoniat ed.
'ayable April lat. $46 00
A cid 4''hospha'ie, (nahl Ias abovo. '80 0(0
Tilme, nit above. 85 0t0
.Wh 'fotton 0pitison." o-n basis of
Liverpool Middhangs at 15 ceta poundl,
deivheredl at nrest Railronda iiport or, or
'beforro Novenmber l'5th, ats fol ows:
80fftble'(3luano, Ti:no. $f60 00
A cid 'PIvosphni a 40 00
*rayage, $1.061 per 'oa, 'unle-s'ordered.
by thre tar load (8 tons).
*E.. ('. W1H,Lin!8, Trena,#nrer,
Key R oxz 486, t 'harlest on, 8, C.
D. RI. 'tIENNIKENq, Agent at. Winnslioro,
T HlE OJ AT SOUTHf EiN
DRY flOODS HlOUSE,
FW'ogou,Benaedict & Co,
875 King Str'et Okarlestona, S. C.
THlE CIIEAPEST *
U A RitTS,
M A fll N08.
TR18sIDE OF NEW Y'OlIK. 110,&c.
Red ction in Prices.
In view of the low prices obtained for
cotton tho present season. au.d in
rdor to pl.%co bur Guanos wihin' tho
e nch of every planter, we have greatly
ed noil-d our pri ces.
They will be sold as follows:
Per Ton of 2,000 lbs., $46
Payable 518) lt, 1876.
Per Ton of 2.000 lbs., $53
Payable Nuv. 1,t, 1873, 0,0os o 11.
P H O S PH A T E.
Per T(1 of 2000 lbs., $46
p..ymble .1lsy l.,t, 1875.
Per Ton of 2,000 lbs., $53
Payable Nuv. 1,t, 1875, Free of [u.
Pr Ton of 2,000 lbs,, $30
Payable Ist, 54.y 1873.
Per Ton of 2,000 lbs., $35
Paynble Nov. I t, 1875, Fred of Il.
Freight anid Draynge to b z ad ed,
Call on Agents for Allianuacs and
FOR SALE BY
H. L. ELLIOTT & CO.
WINNS13O1O, S C.
Geo, W. Williams& 0).
P,opricturs, Charleston S. C.
S@" Ilereafter no LOCAL, NOl'lCE
will be inserted in our colunma excep
iipon p,y%ment of TEN CEN TS n lino.
Meeting of FIF. E. Compan)-.J.
C. Scluiar, See.
SEcURED (fromthe City of 30tinore)
a fir-t class
I n,w offer to the ivdic, or F ira il th e
moat Fash1ionable, hieantiful and attr. c.
tive Stock of %,
ever exhibited for sale in tbis lace.
My stock is now complete in Dr.i Gonds
White Good. Fvancy ooLids, Notio.nR
G oves, Ilandkerchiers, &c., &c.
And a isplenlid stock of Trimming.s,
Embroideries, Laces Edging,4, nraidi,
Frillings, &c., inclu fing all of fhe novel.
ties of the seas,n, Please call and see.
_______ . ,3 . BROW N.
i esns iehted 'to the tunder.
sindare req'ue+ted toset tie t.heir
cott of once, ot- t b ay will he'glven
un for- ..l ._ _o