OCR Interpretation


The Fairfield herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1849-1876, June 23, 1875, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026923/1875-06-23/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

Vn
) -m" .-. ' -- 6- NM 41.
m~ NIN I 4j o
1~. io ell$1.A'A
WILLIAMS DAVBg Pro otwol ' A Fanilly Paper, Devoted to. U efce Atn, tlndypnfl anry,d Litetature. [TERMS--$ 00 Per A
VOLi XL INNSBoRo, S. C., WEDNESDAY MOl ING JUNE 23.1875. [NO 4*
THE
.ArILIEL D HD1B
SW I L L I A MS & 8 A V I S.
gorme.-The HKRALD It published Week
y in the Town of Winnsboro, at $8.00
n variably in advance.
go* All transient advertisements to be
I'A ID [N A D VA NCE.
Obituary Notices and Tributes $1.00
per 2 quare.
Original.
A Dutch Grocer's SoIlloquy.
DY MAO.
"0 vet is all this vordly bliss
And vet is mau's success;
Aud vot Is various oder tinge
Den vot I Happiness.
I sells my goods at one per cent
Ilecause I buy "on time"
And when I goes to pay my note
I does'nt, fnd a dime.
You trust de man on Con gress street
Next day dat man is brake.
You falls and nooks your outside in
Whei you a ten-strike make.
You hear io Rail Road steamer blow
Ven do peopleali como. back
And ven you goes to see do news
Da tell you "clear de track."
I neber see a world like dis
De peoples eat too fast
Da takes a dinner all do time
Den eats a good breakfabt.
bly landlord feeds on "sour-Kr out"
lie calls it mutton chop,
It tastes to me like foi de-gras
Cook in a chinese shop.
You smell (he phosphat. all tru town
'IFiesh fish for ale" you hear
Dese vegitables I never eat
But I libs on larger bier.
I neber hear suoh polito4i
A Rad is carpet bagger
Republican is Democrat
Andallofdeta is aigger.
You plants jour eotton in de crop
Den sows it down mit ows,
You neber has no corn to sell
But you bu y from order folkes.
You falls in lub, with a putt,y gal
She kicks you on the shin
You put your ear before the horse
And cocktail in your gin.
I stumps my bead on the paving stone
Inside de "New Saloons,"
Dom boys da find, vot I cant see
A hole in my trousaloons.
I tinlc I will "Gil up an git"
Paok up moy dnds and take do train
I neber see die town no more
Whenever I come back again
Den vat is all die wordly bliss
Tis a stomach-ache distress
And so 'It is with order tinge
You call do .7appiness.
Ma's Old, Beau.
BY CARL BRENT.
The recent relations concerning
deed forgeries, at a oriminal trial in
Chicago, have r3minded me of an in.
cidont that occurred a few years ago
in the vicinity of St. Louis, which
aeoms to be worth relating.
Clara and Mary Merwin, sisters
and orphans, were in. the sitting-room
of their pleasant home on the edge
of a village near the Missouri. Their
mother had been dead several years;
their father had lately died, leaving
them an estate, as they supposed, of
the value of some forty thousand
dollars. But they had learned quite
recently th at the property was en -
oumbored to such an.extent that they
were likely to be deprived of it all.
This discovery, as may be supposed,
filled them with sadness and anxiety,
and they were seated in silence, una-.
ble to read, to converse, to work, tio
doi anything .but brood. our.thei~
great misfOrtune,
While they were thus occupied
with soumbre thought, a buggy drove
uip in front of the house, and a man
alighted, and the buggy drove away.
This man mutst- have been a little
oin the shady side of lifty, to judge
from his gray -hairs. although his
face was fresh and unwrinkloda He
was dressed with~ temakable neat'
nleas, and his manner indicated bliska
ness as well as precision. In one
hand he carried a small valise, anti
in the other an umbrella, and he
stepped qulikly to thne door and rang
the bell. In a few minutes he was
uishered into the prerene of the
young ladies.
"I'm obliged to lntroduco myself,'
he said smiling and bewing i a
bourtly mianner-.-"Abne, -Pletee.'
Here is my oard--prefe'lonkinardi
You will poroeite that I am ,i lawye:
in St. Louis, and presumabfa re
ipoot.able maui Donit be afraidi
I am not here to hut't you but te
help you. I have the -honor to call
myself a friend of goirg4ily ; that
is to say,*1lthough it is -tmahy years
sitnce I Illave sOen any meOmber of eaid
family, I always had the highetpos,
bible regar'd for yoit' fio# .t4ttd
mother, and nothing could ploesgp
better thin to be of some serVio.e ti
her children."
"We are happy to, meeti you,'
inarmIured Clara,
"Thank you. 1 happened to heal
- --no matter hoW-tha6 '*bhkei'. i
-trouble, and have come up ..here i
the belief that I ean assist you.
hope you *111'fdel that yotU sh it
-2 ,a. I am a taall sin headst Inas
iltbough a lawyer, and I. meu well,
i1though I may exprpse myself olum
sily.
"I am free to admit,", sid Clara,
"that weneed assistance and advice,
and that we have no. known to
whom to look for it."
"Very well. It is a good thing
no doubt that I have come. Now,
sit down and tel- me about it."
Olara Merwin, who was the elder
of the orphans, and the leader in
everything, told how she and her si.
ter had taken out letters of adminis.
tration upon thelt father's estate,
when a m.n of whom they had never
before board put in an appearance,
and presented a mortgage, with' bond
inolud9d, excoqtod by the late bir,
Merwin, upon all his real esate, for
the sum of forty thousand dollars.
Not content with prohibiting them
from attempting to sell anything, he
had tied up.their money in the bank,
leaving them absolutely penniless.
They had used their credit, but
tradesmen.were becoming impatient,
and some had refused to some had
refused to supply them any further
without pay.
"That is -a bad case," said Mr.
Pierce. "You need money, that is
the first thing to be attqnded to.
You must let me aot as your banker
until I get you out of this scrape and
that won't be long, I hope. How
oiuch do you owe 1"
"More than one thousand dollars,'
answered Clara.
The old gentleman counted out
two hundred dollars from a well fill.
ed, pocket book, and handed it to
her.
"$For %our mother's sake," he said
when she refused to receive it, and
he forced it upon her in such a way
that she could not help taking it,
Ho then accepted the young ladies'
invitation to make their house his
home during his stay, and . went to
dinuer with them.
6Is there any place where I can
smoke V' he asked, when they had
returned to the sitting ioom.
"You can smoke here," said the
impulsive Mary. "Pa always smoked
here, and we are used to it."
So be took:a meersobaum and some
tobacco from his valise, and was
soon puffiog away with an air of
great contentment.
"1 can think better when I smoke,'
he said. "Did you have any legal
advice in the matter of that mort.
gage, Miss Merwin ?"
"Yes, sir," replied Clara. , "Our
lawyor said that it was a plain case
aginst us, although it was strange
that we had never heard of the
wortage before."
. "Very strange. What is the name
of the man who holds it ?"
"William Campbell."
"Hum. A good name, but a bad
man, I am afraid. When and where
can I see him '
"He will be here this afternoon,"
answered Clara. "He proposes, if
we will make him adeed of the real
estate, to give up the bond ani mort
goge, leaving our money in th' bank
and tie rest of the personal proper.
ty.")
"Very liberaf. Introduce me to
him when comes, as an old friend of
the family, and not as a lawyer."
Mr. Campbel called in the course
of the afternoon, and was made ac
quainted with Abner Pierce, at whom
be looked suspiciously ; but his eyes
fell when he met the old gentleman's
intent and piercing gaze. Mr.
Pierce glanced but slightly at the
deed that was offered for the cousId..
eration of the ladles, being occupied
in studying the countenance of the
man in whose favor It was drawn.
*'I can't deoide upon it, just now,''
he said at last. "As the friend of
these yioung ladies-standing, as 1
may, in loco pareniis-4 must wake a
few inquiries concerning the value of
this property. Suppose you come up
after supper, Mr. Campbell and bring
that mortgage with you. I have no
doubt it is all correct, but would like
to see it."
Mr. Campbell - assented to this,
'and withdrew. Abner 'Pierce ailed
his pipe with nervous haste, but also
wi.th tobacdoi, and Mlary brought him
a light.
"[ know that you h ave some good
uiews fur us," she said: "I can see it
Iin your face.'1
"Not bad, my ihild a I hope and
trust that it Is very good. 'A good
name, but a bad' man, I said, and
that, is;true& I thinit I sed my way
ouit of 'this dlfaculy, and the money
I' lin't you is safe. .But you mnumn't
Interfere withmiue, yobeng'ladle. ot be
surprised at anything I taay say or do
or objeet to it. You must trust me,
and let me work in my own way.'
'After supper, when Abner Pierce
had, ,enjoyed -another comfortable
Amnoke, and had conyevsed with the
*girig dorioerning their mother ais he
had khown het iti her yobtham~. nub.
jdt upopih h e wVery elOgo1es,
WIllian .Cmbl eme.nbi
lsg the deed and the n1artpgep ot
pfwdioh he baidli tG APiertdA
examination.
*''i rmade inquIries ooon"a
inlg the ~rpety/i~ seid the old gn
t.leman, "tod am asatisfieldI that it Ig
not ger4l fiaW &h.@ tb a:nbu# p'f
t *1pe 'toortgagenga4 1y bald' prob4bly
,brin4 mach 1ts;f o ld &t foreelosuta
Your offer is a liberal , one ; but I
must firit look at the mortgage. This
appers to be correct." ho'continued,
when he examined the instrument.
"It is properly acknowledged and the
signature is undoubtedly that ol
Philip Meiwin. I suppose the young
ladies will.have to go to the countj
seat to execute he deed."
The girl's O 4nances fell at thil
sudden surrender on the part of theil
ehampi'nn.
"This reminds me,". said the old
law)er, picking up the mortgage
again, "of an occurrence that (elU
under my observation in Tennessee.
Not that the two cases are alike, a.
be Tennegbee case was undoubtedly
a frauduleft affair, but there was a
similarity in the circumstances. Don
look so downhearted, younq ladies,
What will be must be, and it is uses
less to cry about what oannnot be
helped. As I was about to say, a
man died in Tennessee, leaving a
widow and one daughter. The widow
was about to administer upon his es.
tate, when a man who was unknowli
came forward, and presented a mort.
gage similar to this, and for exactly
the mime amount. It was examined
by lawyers who were familiar with
the signature of the deceased, and
pronounced correct. Although there
was something strange about the
affair, they could find no Raw ia the
instrum 3nt., It was particularly puz
slipg to one of them, who thoug .t
that he bad transacted all the law
bundoess of the deceased. He got
hold of the mortgage and brought it
to me when I was in Nashville. I
happened to have in my posseasion a
rery powerful magnifying glass that
had been presented to me-the most
powerful single lets I have ever seen.
Witi this I examined the mortgage,
and soon discovered that 'forty' had
been raised from 'four.' There was
3o mistake about it. I could easily
see the marks of chemical erasure, and
the difference, in pbn and , ink, .be.
tween the 'raised' and the rest of the
Instrument. How the rascal got into
the Register's Office, I don't know ;
but the reooid there had been altered
in the same manner. He ran away
and it was not considered worth while
to follow him. Strange circum.
st ance, wasn't it, Mr. Campbell 1"
Mr. Campbell was fidgeting uneasi
ly in his chair, and made no reply.
"Here is the glass," continued the
old gentleman, taking it from his
pocket, "and you can see for yourself
how It magnifies. Now, as I look at
1his 'forty'-why, bless me ! the same
signs are visible that I saw in my
Tennessee mortgage! I think you
will be obliged to drop- this, bir.
Campbell. My Tennessee man's
name was William Bell, and he has
added a Oamp to it since he camne to
Missou Ii."
Campbe'l his face red as flame,
reached out his hand, for the clocu.
Lnent.
"I believe I will keep this, Mr.
Campbell, for fear of accidents.
What I do you think you could it by
rorce ? Here is something that
,hoots five times. Going, are you 1
Very well; I don't think you will be
wolested, ifyou leave this part of the
3ountry and never return to it. Itis
barely possible that the estate of
Philip Merwin may really owe you
rour thousand dollars. If so, I ad
rise you not to try to collect the
debt, as such an attempt would land
yon in the penitentiary. Good nights
Mr. Campoei, and farewell."~
"What is it ? What does this
niean 1'' asked Olara, as Mr. Pierce,
rubbing his hands and smiling,
bustled around to fill his pipe.
"Are you so dull, my child ? WVhy,
the fellow is a swindler, and has been
louund out. I guessed as much when
[ first heard of the af'air, and w,as sure
if it when you told me his name.
You will soon be able to pay me n:y
$200, and thena we will straighten up
q atters. Thank you, Mary, you are
very kind to give me a light."
"Do you mean to punish hinm, asked.
Mary."
'-It would hardly pay. We could
put hiin in the penitentiary, but you
might lose four thousand dollara by
the job. By trying for forty thous
and1 he has lost the four that may
have been justly his due, lie will
be far from here by morning. I havei
no doubt, a good riddance to him I
Ak, this is comfortable. 1 know
that I feel bettor, and .hope that you
do.'
The girls were sure that a great
weight had been lifted from their
winds and hearts. WVilliam Camp'
bell, alias 15ell, deoam pod, and Abnos
Pierce stayed a week with the ora
phans, during which time he ar
ranged all their affairs satis
factorily, and won their lasting grati
tude and love.
"lloyr n we tsr . thanli you for
all you thave.>done-for- us 19 said
Clara when she wan about to leav,e.:
"It was for your niother's sake m)
ohildr-and for hor sakdr'if I can help
you, all I hbavb ia at your service." -
* Abner Pioerde has visited the.' or
phan's frequently ainoei the :oven
above narratod, and th&y hate alwayi
lead a eordial:welOowe for."mWs @1h
'flobberqp sujggae atttght
.lv.ne~eurrence in Charleton
T he Venerable lie-frisidedt '."d
ipithei Cdnfdderaiy mAd fis: C
Panions ordered out of i tolot,
Id Car.
On the upward bound train on 'he
Macon and Wetern division of the
Central Rail Road from'Griffin yds.
terday,-were the lHon. A6-.1. Steph
ens, Col. Clisby,:.. of : the baeon
Telegraph, and that une old gitle.
wan, Col. Cinoinnatus Peoples, of
this city. As usual with Mr ?6ph.
ens, he took what he thought' the
second class oar,.s'o that he could In.
dulge in bis pip. and oenversa ion
without offense to any one. Every.
thing 'wont pleasantly enougb, be.
cause nobody thought anything ' was
wrong. Pretty soon an old - blind
negro man and his wife entered the
oar and seated themselyes. Nothin,
was thought of this proceeding, and
the Vice-President, editor and law.
yer were making themselves as com
fortable as the condition of the road
would permit. It was noticed that
the oar in question was of a new
finish, handsomely upholstered, and
very neat. The surprise of the
whole party may-be imagined when
the conductor came along and very
plainly told these distinguished
gentlemen that they must get out, as
that oar was provided for colored
people, and white folks were not per
mitted to ride in there.
Then the "Great 0ommoner" and
Mr. Olisby ano Col. Peepioa looked
at each other and then at the coX.
duotor. Mr. Olisby undertook to
smile, and Col. Peoples looked confd.
ad. Air. Stephens, always equal to
any emergency, looked monstrous
wise at Mr. Clisby ; and Col.
Peopl,js, soratching his bead, said.:
"Well, Mr. Clisby, I have lived a
long time ; I have always endeavored
to tote fair with'my* fWlitW in I
pay my honest.debts and I love my
country ; but I never expected to
witness this scene."
Mr. Clisby replied that God. in
His inscrutable wisdom and kindness
had permitted him to live out the
time allotted to most mdu ; that he
had successfully conducted - one of
best daily papers in - Georgia for
years ; that hid conscience was .0l"
and his health good. He had by
uniform good conddet and urbanity
of manners won the respect and
esteem of the entire southwest por.
tion of the State ; yet, now at this
late date, be was forced to leave a
oar because he was not considered as
good as a blind nigger.
Mr. Stephens, who had at that in.
timation grabbed his crutches, and
was making an abortive attempt. to
rise, remarked to Col. Peoples in his
peo.liar ane feminine voice: "Gen
tlemen, you know me. The world
knows me. I have been a successful
school teacher, and have attained
some notoriety at the bar. I have
served my State in the councila of
the nation. I have been Vice-Presi
dont of the Confederate States of
America, the most, brilliant galaxy
of Confederate stars that ever shone in
the firmament of nations. I have sua.
cesfully stood twice for Congress in
my district, and am now on an er.
rand of meroy, having been to Griffin
to address the Stato Association of
teachers. I have already patid my
railroa4 fare, and paid no attention
to the franking o.r 'mileage privi'
leges offered by Congressj but this
is the first time I was ever called
upon to vasate a oar because I am
not con#idered as good as a negro."
"Come, come,* said the oconduo
tor. "I have no time to listen to
speeches ; you ought to throw in and
hiea 1l for that purpose. This
ear has been set apart for the colored
folks, and white people arc not per
Imitted to ride in here. Get out r"
And thg~ poor erippled ex-President,
the acon editor and Atlanta law
yer were incontinently hustled to
the rest! car.
*But' after due reflection, Mr.
Q tepheas, and Mr. Cliaby,. and Col.
Peeples, each and all decided that
it was right. The law, in the first
place, prescribes certain rules, and
the negroes pay full fare, and 'the
rail road authoritions provide a first
class car especially for their accom,
modation, and wh ito people have no
more right there than the negro has
to take a car set apart for the white
people. --Atlants. Herald.
Sacrifies
TLhe New York 8ttn haa, clphered
out the exact amount that Grant.has
"sacrificed'" by giving up his position
of General for that of Prusiden t. It
finds that eight years' ealary in the
former OIfles would have giveu .bin
$108,000, while eight yeari salary as
Presidebti exclusive of porgqisitei,
will non e t9 $800,000b so th.4 it.
would Iave taken him -till ia91 to
d1raw as nith' monuy 'on the armv
pay-roll ash has drawn on the Oi l
lisA Wen*s add 'fbout; 70,0 0
for bou hel4 ekpeosa t4d much, not
to-ment on 'the .it(#xd 'ases and
presi *itsedemas thoug *b adi'$
og tor 61 Gefieral'
Kye tht ,ete dayr ata9mated to'
kknow,. f'Does aatgee ss4%
ad.antalenes f9 atg .
9netbihg About the Ttafflie In Ready
Made Aerilona
"As next Sunday nearly 300 men
will take holy orders, It seems a suita.
ble time to ask attentidn to the ex.
istonce of abranch of industry seri
ously affecting their lofulness and
respectability. I onean the sermon
trade, of recent but rapid growth,
arising in a great measure from the
following causes. Our public schools
and universities, - while provid.
ing admirably for a liberal education
iti classics and mathematior, do not,
as a rule, suffiolently train - their
pupils in E,nglish composition. The
theological colleges, with rare exoep.
tions, imperfectly supply the defect,
oven in that special part of their work,
the preparation of sermons. The ro.
oult is that very few candidates for
holy orders have ever written a ser
mon, and geLerally make the first
attempt the day aftor their ordina.
Lion.' Then the effort is so great, the
ability so small, the time so limited,
the parish work so urgent, that mauy
an unhappy curate utterly broks
down and is driven to adopt very
unquostionably expedients to meet the
Dmergency. 111orrowing from friends,
3opying from books, buying old
manusoripts are tried in turn ; till
at last, in sheer despair, in yields to
the tempting proposal in a sermon.
purveyor's ciroular of "a regular mup.
ply of original sermons at 13s. 6d. a
quarter, in strict confidence." He
lulls conscienco to sleep, preaches
inother man's di-wourse us his own,
aid deceives any lynx-eyed members
f his congregation whose seats coin
mand the. pulpit by placing on his
velvet cushion a lithographed imita
iou of hand writing, instead of plain,
honest print. "In some cases, the
ratal step once taken, the indulgence
goes on for years, even in ca,e of some
good men whose feeble health or
)verworked frame may palliate the
rault, if not justify the practice.
Little or no study is required ; a
quarterly payment becures all that is
aecessary, and both parties are satis
[ed with the compact. But if the
)ompunctions of conscience iire felt,
and the victim desires to be free, this
apect of affairs soon alters. The
purveyor insi to on the subscriber'
oantinuing in chains ; sends packet
%fter packet in spite of the renons
ranoo, and charges a guinea instead
of 13s. 6d., if in ariears, atid thres.
311 legal proceedings and exposuro
Dy letter or postal-card to church
vardens if payment is refused, Nor
are those threats vain. One of the
rratern'ty recently tiummoned fifteen
Alergymen from all parts of England
to a country court, seven of whoml
paid into court, five Pppeared and
,hree cases were withdrawn. Now,
sir, I venture to colioit your power.
lul aid. What are the clergy to do
in such circumstances I I t1o not
speak of those who systematically on
)sirage this trade, for they deserve
their fate ; but I allude to such as
iave lithograph sermons thrust upon
,hen, and who, dreading publicity,
Lre terrified into paying tle extor
;ioner's demands.'-London Tives.
the Southern Staple.
tUNk hEPoRTi OF THEa DEPAnITMEET OF
AGOR IoULTURE.f P.
WARIhINGTON, D). 0., June 15.
he department, of agriculture, in its
solton report for June, states that
hle threatened reduction in area has
etW taken place, nor has the
educed area of the last year
eenl much enlarged. The report
hows ant increase between one and
wo per cent. Th'le comparison with
at year is as follows :North C aro
ina, 102 ; South Carolina, 106;
)eorgia, 96; Florida, I9; Alabama,
04 -Mississippi, 102 ; Louisiana,
ICI ; Texas, 108 ; A rkansas, 102;
L'ennessee, 92.
The report of the condition is the
nest favorable in the past five sen
ions with the exception of 1872.
rihe order of procedure in this res
pet is 187'2, 1876, 1873, 1871, 1874.
lYhough the planting was late and the
soil generally too wet and cold for
rapid germination, the stand is corn
phratively good, and the receo.t
peather has been more favorable to a
rapid growth. The orop is trnusually
slan 'The otparison with a crop
af full vital'ty and normal growth ili
1l1 respects is for the present month
a follows : North Carolina 92;
n onth , Carolina, 97 ;Georgia, 91 ;
lorida, 94i; Alabama, 101; Mlisss.
ipi 100; ouisiana 95 ; Texas, 96;
Arkansaa 900; Tennessee 09.-A'ews
"Many' says Viotor Hugo, "was
be oqnendrum of the oightoonth eon
bury i woman is the conundrum of the
einetsenth." We can't guess hor,
abt .ie'll never give her up-no
p~erer.
* Au atteslan well has just boeg oom~
p!ste(in bailwaukie, Wia, which
pro*es as success. It ib 1,049 feet
deep, l'-f fees of. wh16h :was bores
tatoa4 othe earth, 68f, theongl
uask4gan1 lime took, atad 194 througt
egU4stQss, ~. heWater ' fows at the
hi of 6.000 gallons a a.
The Darien Canal.
A letter to the Now York Tribune
gives the following account of the
proposed oanal across the isthmus of
Darien :
The proposed Atrato-Napipi line
has for its harbor upon the Atlantio
side the Gulf of Darieg, whioh has
ample room for the anchorage of a
thousand ships, and is sholtered from
every gale. From this, as an initial
point, it Is proposed to ascend the
Atrato (the mean breadth of which
for over 150 miles is 2,000 foot,
while the minimum depth is six
fathoms), a distanco of 140 miles.
Hore the excavation begins. This
portion of the canal runs through low
ground, and for nearly 12 miles no
hills are encountered. For the next
9 miles hills are mot with oooasional,
ly, but the cutting is much reduced
by curved with largo radii skirting
the higher points. No less radius
than 2,500 foot has been used in the
projection of curves, and this only
in a few cases. At this poir.t, 21
miles froin the Atrato, the o%nai
erosses the Napipi river by means of
a busin formed by a retaining dam 30
feet in height. An excellent place
for such a dam has boon found, with
bod rook for foundation and bluffs
for abutments. Hero is the summit
level of the canal, at a height of 141.2
feet above the mean tide. To ascend
to this, 12 lovks will have to be intro
duced upon the Atlantic slope of an
average lift of about ten feet. floro
al6o the canal draws its water supply
from the river itelf, and if needful
the whole volume of the Ouia liver,
only five miles distant, can easily be
brought hither by meni of a feedor.
As to water there is no qucstion, as
the two rivers can furnish any qunn.
tity desired.
Leaving this basin the canal line
enters at once into the mountainous
region. The distance from the cross
ing to the l'aoilio is only 8 miles,
and of this 5 are by tunnel. In es
timiating whoro the tunnel should
begin, a cutting of 200 feet in depth
has boon fixed us the extreme of open
cuts. The western portal of the
tunnel is situated within a nilo uf
the Pacific, and at this point 15 looks
in suocession will be required to
reach the level of the Pacifio. The
previous estimates for the line, in
eluding the cleaning of the har of
the Atrato, hospital arrangements,
etc., were $56,000,000. The increas
ed length of the tunnel and the great
er length of the lino will add to these
estinmates. 'he total length of the
liut is 29 miles: The surveys this
year have not developod aa favorable
country as was hoped for, but its
shortuess still ronders it a formidable
rival to the other routes. V% ore it
not for the great length of tunnel
the line would be without question
the most favorable yet found, and
even with this drawback it would be
premature to pronounce against it.
The work this year has been done
with the smallest force yot put upon
such a diflicult task, and it has only
been by the oon-tant labor of the few
officerB engaged that the work lms
been completed. Great praise is due
to Lieut. Collins, under whose com
mand the expedition was placed, for
the manner in which every detail of
thme expedition has been carried out,
and it may be said without prejudice
to others that no similar expedition
has more thoroughly fulfilled the
purpose for which it was organlizedl
than the Darien Expedition of 18%.
*A thoughtlessa young man from
Massachusetts weont out into Pot.
tapvattamie county net long ago to
start a paper, and In order te tioklo
the fancy of the. inhabitants, of whose
temper he was ignorant, ho published
thme following in his first issuo -"TIhe
fighting editor is at home all hours
of the day and night, ready, willing
and anxious to rceive all visitorS
who have grievances. .II carries two
revolvers, and a slung-shot, a pair of
brass-knucles, a bowie knife as
long as a cross cut saw, a razor in each
boot, and eel-skin, a bludgen, and a
bottle of poeonu 1," Every man in
P'ottawattamnio thought it was a
oballengo, and all (lay long they
dropped in singly, in parib, by throes
and in squads and platoons. Every
soul of them whipped the editor, and
the last man, who came in about 7)
P. M.) bad to sweep him up an the
middle of the floor and paste Lim,
together with putty, in order to got a
kick at. him. Tihe paper onlyi Issued
the initial number.
Joseph Curry, who says lie is
Christ, and not, long ago was driven
out of. Georgia for forming a free
love eolony, has started *a new reli
gious society in Springfild, Mssa
A negress. is worshipped by him and
his followers as Queen vf Earth sind
Heaven. Hle and this .womn noy'
rej resent theinselvos ae i'asting forty
nights, arid they have niearly starved
them6elves in a vigorous observance
ofgthe ritm, They are terribly eman
oistod, apd -'so weak that they .oan
hardly walk. Curry~ says thAt at the1
end of thme forty dtmys they will be'
transported to heaven In a chariot of
fire.. ~ -
Bstae News.
The W, 15. I. had a dne time at
their embarkation ou Saturday fbt
Bunker Hill.
The Catholic churt-h of Aiken,
which was destroyed by the March
tornado, is shortly to be rebuilt,
The total population of the town
of Timmoneville is 696-824 whites
and 372 colored.
1. Wells Simpson, of Laurens, an
ex-olork of the court, died at his rest.
donee in that county on the 10th inG
stant.
'ho Georgetown doctors propose in
the futuro to conduct their business
on a cash basisi according to a pub'
Ilished fee boill.
The Steamer Louisa, formerly
owned by Mr. X. M organ, ot George,
town, was sold the other day to
Rtavetnol,1olnies & Co., of Charles.
ton, for the sum of $85,000.
Heyward DuPre, colored, was .
found dend in his bod on Saturday
morning at H1ardesvillo, S. C. The*
cause of the death is unknown.
The Port Royal and the Savannah
an d Charleston railroad owe Beaufort
oounty $8,881.34 for tavos for the
past and present fisoal years.
Capt. G. It. Moffatt, a respootable
citizen of Charloston, fell from the
piazza of his house on Saturday
morninglast. The unfortunategen
tliman is fatally injured.
The ,Bar:qwoll, 1lackville war
still rages. 'The clork of court and
o ounty commissioners have moved to
1lackwoll. Tho sheriff and county
trer-suror still remain at Barnwell.
A rattlesnake, measuring five feet
nine inches, and having on its tail
eight rattles and two buttons, was
killed near Shaw's crook, about four
miles north of Aikon, one day last
week.
A child three years of age, a sonl
Df Patrick Porter, residing on Deaur
1wamp, about four miles from Aiken,t
was hilled on Saturday last by eating
conoontraten lye the previous evening
IV. W. Ward, ox-shoriff of Wil.
liamsburg county, was tried last
week for official misconduot. The
jury failed to agr'oo upon- a verdict
-the firat mistriat that has ever oe
Durred in Williamsburg county.
The Groenville News publishes the
affidavits of t*o colored men, who
charge Josaph Orew.- and his son
Adam with being nooonsories to the
murder of Dr. 8chell, who was killed
about seven years ago.
A chap kissed his girl about forty
times right along, and whtn he
stop ped, the tears came into her eyes
and she said !"A h I John, I feat
you have oeasod to love me.1 "No
I haven't," replied John, "but I've
got to broathe."
When a Vicksburg neg1 o WOMnoh
informed the other day by a reporter
of the Herald of that city that the
price of sea-lions had Increased 15
por cent. during the prAsent month,
she elevated her bands and ekolalised
"De Laud only khows what is to be.
como of poor - folks ; Seems sif de
mere we worked de oftoner de White
folks go and riz do price on do neo
siusaries of life)'
A poet says :"I saw my love Ita
dreams last night pass up jtho moona
lit lands. And round me, as I nearA
or stepped, I felt her soft arms steal
and f old while close against mny he art
she crept, Just as of old.i' T1hat's a
pretty nice sort of a dream-inuch
more pleasant than to- dream about
soveu-headed monsters with forked
tails and inming eyes chasing the
dreatner over a precipice two miles
high. Bunt still the poet must have
eonton a late lunch which didn't agree
with him.
A onvQntion of thd packers of
canned goods was held in Plhilt.del'
phiia Teesday. The object and pur.
1)0s0 of this moeting' is to secure unka
fornity in the standard of cans and
promote the general welfare' of this
industry, which is yeally beoome
ing more valuable to the country.
blillions of dollairs are intested in the
preparation of conned goods In the
Unaited St a teo and hence the import
anee of thoengaged in the enter
priso meeting togethor for uonsultaa
tion andi o-operaton..
A lhandsome confederate monument,
completed by the efforts of the ladios
of 84.vannah, was unveiled ten days
agos with imipositig eremonies. All
the military were out9 and severAl
societies were skrorrgly .re-presented,
tbo whole bding. under, tlle e mnage..
moot of the ohf war he ro, p. e
Johnston, as fiarabal. of ,th4 da~'
Hion. .lulian Hlartidge dell,erd tJq
oration, which: 'wAs -shottf4deguet
and suggestivd. "The Agoau.mnt"
ho. saidg mais not ainiI to. t~ dead,
ini t,he glorious oang oaleght, ~u ~
the liv?ng,'*hd have te qame ~~
to'flght.the &acme viotories to win~
and. e pie graves to-611'. -s

xml | txt