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The Fairfield herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1849-1876, September 15, 1875, Image 1

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,1 .l 1 . I & 11 ' ,
S-AM & DAVIS Propr'etors] A Family Paper, Devoted to Science, Art Inqiyu Industry an LIterature [ ERMS-8OO Per Ataum n Advanoe
VOL. X1I. " WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING SEPTEMBER 15,1875.
._ _.-_ _..-._- - -... --..... :---.1 5.
THE ..,
FP F B141181tiD
is PUnDtLitC WEEKLY of1
WI .L J A 1 s. %D A V I S.
fernse.-The HRRALD lvpublished Week
y In the Towa of WIjpasiro, at $8-.00
n eariabig in advancs,
$W. All transient advertisement* to be
J'ALD IN AD VANOR.
Obituary Notlees and Tributes $1.00
per t quare.
Capital and Labor.
Tb"alde1atgx e'lt afioin an
address recently. delivered in North
Carolina, before a council of Patrons
of Husbandry, by. ex-Gov. Z. B.
Vance, is full of comomon sense and
practical and useful suggestions upon
the sulject of capital and labor, to
workers in any department of life:
Brain manure is our great want
education for young and old, especial.
ly in matters pertaining to ngricul
ture. We don't so much need
laborers as a proper utilisation o.
that we have. Instead of croak in {
so much at the negroes, we
should work a little more ourselves.
At every depot and oross-roads in
the State, yeti may see any day
crowds of idlorq standing around
loose, whittling sticks and spitting at
a mark, abusing the negro, as a
laborer, lamenting the scarcity of
money, and hoping for that issue of
$44,000,000 of reserve lately dis
cussed in Congress and cussed
elsewhere. There is really no ground
for despondency. Notwithstanding
our great losses by war, substan
tially all that we had before is here.
Our mother earth is here, and our
tillers to it are undisturbed ; the
early and latter rains still fall ac.
cording to the promise, and the
genial sunshine still warms and
fruotifies as of old, whilst the good
ness of God still bestows the in
crease. The strength and courage of
our people are sti.l with them ; and
though, alas 1 many of our bravest
and best are not here, yet all the
glorious recollections of our history
remairt to cheer and blebs us. And
the negro, too, is here, as good or bet
ter than he was before, if we know
bow to work him. Do'n't des
pair of finding a way to do that.
You say he won't work unless he is
compelled-very well, neither will
white men. But compulsion is of
difforent sorts. Formerly you com
pelled him by virtue of bAing his
master-now, compel him to work
by force of his necessities. Show
him that you can live without him,
put your own hand to the plough and
say to him, if you will help, well; if
not, well again ; enforce the laws
against vagabondage, and he will
P gladly work wheu he can do no bet.
ter. At present he thinks he can
make a living by voting, but he will
some out of .thst In-due season. On
the whole, I am inclined to think he
is the best laborer we are likely to
get in the South ; as he is the best
tool we have which to cultivate the
soil, let us sharpen and improve him
in every possible way. And for this
-great Ang'o-Saaon: people, whose
blood has filled the earth with the
most beneficent and utilitarian
civis ition it haa ever witnessed, and.
strewed the shores of Its ocans with
mighty cities, reticulated its surfacee
with steamu reads, covered the wild
seas with the white wings of com
merce, and even invaded their un
known depths with the Iron-shod
pathways of the lightning, fir these
mento acknowledge that. the :wheels of
their progres. are stopped beeause
the negroes won't work and keep
cntreets, is a soriyeyegtaeote iadgedl
Shatetobts; If it be soll
And es to capital, the want of
-which makes us cpmpla ip ap loudly
--are we really saderig; for that 1
-I say not. We are suffering from a
want of capacity to tue what we
have, rather. * What relief would a
fresh Issue of government cur rency
do us, unless we had -the equivalent
to give for it ? Suppose that forty.
four millions were given to us, how
* long would we keep It, if our con
sumption annually exceeded our sales
as far as it does now 1 Like water,
.eeking its level I6 would soon fnd
its way to those who had a surplus to
ive It. What is the use of an 1dlo
-fellow lounging around with bands in
~ lis pockets, without a -thing In the
- rld to sell, but who buys als very
xe handle and his cabbage from
-ie North, abusing Eastern dapitalist
t 'r grabbing a lithe currency 1 Lot
Iim raise a bale of cottoa, and see if
Ie don't rob that Yankee of somie of
I I ill gotten gains?1 Let him grow
Iis'owns pork, flour, corn, and hay,
u. d see'If that (loated bondholder
on't have to shell out ? To give
~ u some idea of Anur ootditio6i as
t . capital, I would refer you to two
'i*r three points in our State. Ina
-t'htarlotte, which Is the biggest towna
e Its sise in the United States,. we
have five chntered banks, with a
capital paid in of $80,000. Their
d eposits will exceed *I,500,000, on
Shich they pay 6 per cent.--total,
$g,850,000. Raleigh ls, I learn,
over $600,000 on dopos , and WVi1
mington sone $800,000, and their
baking capital is about half their
deposits-total bank capital in three
towns, about $1,550,000 ; deposits
$2,900,000. Now, seven-tenths- of
those deo bsits belong to our farmers
aueh neieas toe, tiown on middle
ien, and clamorous for more sospital.
What do they: do with it ? Will
they lend to tihir neighbors who are
In straite and haven't got well on
their feet since the *ar, and secure
it by a mortgage at 6, 8, or 10 per
odot. t Not one in ten. You
haven't confidence in your neighbor,
though he mortgages his farm; but
you putitin one of these banks on
ong time at 6 per cent., and your
eighbors - go to the bank
and borrow it at 18 per cent.
to raise the wind :for the next
crop. Or he goes to a commis
sionimorohant and buys his supplies
on a credit, at a cost of over 50 per
cent over cash prices, and mortgages
his crop in advance to pay for ithem ;
and when that mortgage is foreclosed
your crop gone, no supplies on hand,
and the same process to be gone over
again the next year, you say. its
want of more capital. 0 my brothe
take no offence, I pray you, at the
wounds of a friend, when I say it is
a want of common sense and common
charity toward each other. Make
your own supplies, and you will not
have to borrow so much' money. If
you have any to loan, let your
neighbor have it, unless you had
rather see the banker speculate on
your money than he. Nobody
blames the banker or the commission
merchant. If they can run a
machine on your money, who should
Abuse them for it 1 Not I, for ons.
L[earn to use your capital wisely be.
Fore you clamor for more. Pour
your surplus cash on your farms, or
into manufacturing, instead of the
banks, and you will knock out a mid
die man every lick.
l'he Gulbord Case-Why lie Was Refused
Caiholic Burial.
As this case is attracting a great.
deal of attention, an explanation of
it is just now order. Joseph Guibord
was a French Canadian. He though
a Catholic, was a member while
living of a Library Company at Mon
treal, which refused to remove from.
its shelves certain books at the .re
quest of the Roman Catholic Bishop
of that city. Guibord was the owner
of a lot in the Catholic Oemetery.
After his death the bishop refused
the widow permission to bury her
husband's remains in consecrated
ground. The widow appealed to the
courts. Conflioting decisions only
made the matter worse, until finally
the case went the English Privy
Council, and an order has been pass
ed directing that the remains of
Joseph Guiiord "be buried in that
part of the eemoterj in which the re
mains of Roman Catholics who re
ceive ecclesiastical burial aro usually
iptorrod." it cost ten thousand dol
lars to get this decision. A second
attempt is to be made to bury him
there, and the dispatches this morn.
ing indicate th1,t troops will be re
quired to accomplish it. But for all
that
Hoew little wrecks it. where men lie
When once the moment's past;
When thme dimi and glazing eye
Hias hooked on earthm its last.
Whet):er honoeth the sculptured nra
The OOffined~ lid my reut
Or la its nakedness return
Back to mother earth.
Caurions Facis Ahoult Capt. Wcbb, the
Gireat 8*lrmtr. -
As Capt. Webb is the grertest
swimmer the world has ever known,
or is likely to know, any facts atbout
,him must, at thig time, prove inter
esting. We learn that he one swam
from Blaokwoll to Grarese.nd, doing
twenty miles with the stream in four
hours, and afterwards eclipsed even
this performance by making his way
from D..ver to Ramsgate, a distance
ot eighteen miles, in nine hours. It
was in the second attempt to cross the
channel in his life saving dress that
Capt.. Boyton succeeded, and in
view of this fact, and Capt. Webb's
previous feats, the Te'legraph urged
him to "try, again." Hie did "try
agaln,"[with the success already an
nounced. The Tolegraph dehoribes
the appearenoo of Cspt. WVebb, when
stripped for his work, as "very much
that of the old Greek statues of
Hercules. He is, if anything, a little
short of middle height, with a tre..
mendous chest, a great pair of shoul
ders, and a somewrhat liberal allow-.
anee of flesh," Sayers, who fought
with Ileenan, is said to have been
about the samne build as Capt. Webb.
Th~e 'lograph considers that, for
hard and severe work, "the best type
of mian' 'is one of middle height or
oven loss4 with a deep chest, square
shouldIers, thick no'ok, and II' nything,
a slight tendency to fat."
Returns thus far from Onlifornia
give Irwin (dem.) 48,000 voter.
Phelps (Rep.) 25,000. Iidwell,
(Ind.) 18,000. Legslature is large
ty demoocrafo. Tlhe democrats have
probab.y elected the Mayor of San
Francisco, the first timie in several
yeara.
The Illicit Cotton Traffic.
LETTER FROM JUDGE MACKEY.
CiOEsTER, . 0., August 81, 1875.
Messrs. A. if. McMullen, O. 11'.
McFadden, W. P. Ferguson, J.oseph
Nunnery, R. I. White and others,
Landsfordjprecinre, Chester county:
GENTLEMEN-I regret that I am
constrained by the pressure of toy
official duties to decline your invita
tion to attend a meeting of the c tisens
of Landeford precinct, to be hbld on
the 3d proximo, without regard to
race or party, for the purpose of
concerting some practical measuro
to check the system of cotton steal.
ing, prevalent in that section. You
are correct in your theory that the
practice of cotton stealing derives
its ohief support from those country
storekeepers who buy cotton at
night. I shall, therefore, sanction
any lawful action that you may take
for the suppression or regulation of
this dangerous midnight traffic,
which is disastrous alike both to
the fair dealing country merchant
and to the planter and all honest
laborers.
My observation satiafies me ibat
beneath every pile of stolen cotton
in this section there may be found
two active forces, namely - The
brain of the white man and the
hand of the black ; the former bear
ing the same relation to the latter
that the steam in the cylinder of
the engine does to its driving wheel.
During the past two and a half years
110 persons have been tried in this
circuit for cotton stealing, of whom
all but one were colored. Of these,
ninety-eight were convicted ad
duly sentenced. Thirteen receivers
of stolen cotton,etc., have also been
tripd. These last were all white
men, and all of them were convicted
and they paid fines amounting in
the aggregate to nearly ten thou,
sand dollars. The juries who
rendered the verdicts in these
eases were composed about
equally of white and colored citizens
the colored generally preponderating
in numbers. You will perceive,
therefore, that the juries are pre
pared to do their duty whenever
legal proofs of guilt are furnished in
the court.
I deem it due to our colored popu
lation and to historic truth to state
that I am convinced, after much
research devoted to the subject, and
embracing many countries, that they
are less addicted to stealing than any
class of agricultural laborers in -the
world who outnumber their employ
era in the same proportion, and that
when they steal agricultural products
they are impelled immediately by
the want of food for themselves or
their families.
In proof of this last statement, I
refer to the fact that of the ninety
eight persons who were convicted
before me, as stated above, ninety,
three received baopn and flour or
meal in exchange for the stolen cot
ton. This deficiency in the laborer's
supply of food is due not only to the
fact the ration, generally istuod to
him is too small for a laboring man,
but if lie has any children too young
to work, no allowance is mando for
them in tihe issue of rations, and as
he is paid only at long intervals,
where lie does not work on shares,
the children L~ust starve if' they
parents do not sometimes ateal.
One potent means, therefore, of
lesseninig the amount of stealing
among the colored far im laborers is to
increase the wages or the rastioni, and
to contract with laborers having
children under working ago with
referonce to supporting such ohildrea
with the necessary foed during the
period of the contykot. 'trusting
that your organlsed* efforts to bhock
the system df buylig stolen cottony~
which now threatens widespread dis
aster to the cotton producing section,
will be so sagacionaiy end energeti
cally directed as to acoompish the'
mportanit end in view, i om, gobn
tle amen, yours respectfully,
T. J. M AoKET, Circuit Judge.
Huzing.
Sometime ago, (ladet Erwin, at
West Point. thmrust his bayonet Into
one of his comnpanions who essayed to
"haze" him..by throwing him over a
precipie. Erwin's action has boon
we learn, entlr'ely justified by the
authorities of the Academy. And
now it is said "some foolish students
of the scientillo college of Yale Uni
versity hased a freshman the other
day, and by doing so kicked up ani'
international -'quarrel, for the I rosh.
man was a young Chinaman of bIgh
rank, and part of the haaing consisted
in cutting off his cue. Hie has there.
fore, lost caste, and has been de.
prived of his allowance Miy the Chii
nose edluoational o(omnmission in this
country, The Chinese minister at,
Washington has investigated the
maatter and sent hicme a report to his
governmenrt. The latter. -may ask
satfacotiona for' the in'ault."- No*,
bore Is si question of international law
which might engage the attention- of
legal gentlemen of this State, 'when
they get through the Supreme Court.
- ..A unusfa C'onetitanonaliutL
A Modra kasem.
Tbo~mas, or Ton Gardner, as )e as
familiarly Gallo, *as born owa the
rivor St Joihn, oPQ tpile above Ae
mouth of, Maotaquak stream, In the
year 1798. Viewed} oamually, di4d
nor gave no evidence of gansual pow
er, but when stripped his nseutar
development was treag n pus, and it
is affirmed that instead of the ordi.
nary ribs he possessed a solid bony
wall on either side, dad that there
was no separation 'wbatever. He
stood five feet tet and a .half inches,
erect and full obepte4, qnd nover ca.
needed one hunsr ,and niaty
pounds in weight.
The late Charles Long inteA
us that one time he saw Gardtao'rlif*
from a towboat a punoheon of eorn,
containing at least twelve buphels,
and, s winging around, deposit it on
the sand. In so doing he tore the
sole of his boot. On another ocoasion
a number of men were trying to life
a stick of timber. In ;all the whole
crowd only one man could raise it
about two inches from the skids.
Gardner told four men'to sit on it,
and then lifted it so high that the
men jumped off to save themselves
from the fall.
Mr. 4IcKean has frequently known
him in lifting to break bodm poles six
inches thick. lie has known him
also with one hand to lift, by the
rung of a chair, the chair itself and a
man weighing nearly two hundred
pounds. Once when attempting to
lift a very heavy man he wrenehed
the rung entirely from the chair.
Gardner was at one time possessed
of a balky horse with which he ex.
eroised great patience ; but when
patience ceased to fe a virtue he
would fell him to the ground with
his clenched fist, sinking him behind
the ear. It is related of Gardner's
sister that on one occasion a famous
wrestler traveled all the way from
Miramichi ;o Tom's home in order to
ry a fall with him, Tom was ab
sent, but the sister looking contemp
tuously upon the intruder 'deolared
sho would throw him herself, add,
suiiung thd action the word, in a fair
trial threw him three times in sue.
cession. The stranger's experience
with the sister was sufficient ; he
never sought after a future interview
with the brother.
Tiheogreatest feat which Gardner
was everknown to perform was on one
of the wharves in St. John. Mr.
McKean saw him lift and carry .an
anchor weighing 1,200 pounds, numn
bers of other witnesses standing by,
some of whom are yet alive. ire
quontly he has seen him currying a
barrel of pork under each arm, and
once he saw him shoulder a barrel of
pork while standing in an ordinary
brandy box. When about forty
years of age Gardner removed to the
United States, and never returned
to his native province.
It is commonly reported and be.
lieved that he fret with a sad adven
ture on board a Mississippi spoamer.
A heavy bell was on board as a or.
Lion of the freight, and the capt in,
a great, powerful fellow, was qua.
corned as to how he should reinove it
from its place in order to make more
room on dock. While the daptain
and passengers were at dinner, Tont,
In presence of the crow, to their utter,
umazement lifted the bell and eartied
it to the opposite side of the boat.
Whemn the captain returned ho asked
how that had been accomplished,
when Gardner laughingly rewarked
thatd he carried it there, the former
gave the lie, and as one word brought
on another, he presently striack Tom
in the face. This was too smuch,
andi for the first time In hi. ife the
strong man gaye blow for blow; but
one buffet was suffieleot.. The. *apw
tain never spoke agin, killed dea
on the instant. Tm made .his' oe
cape, went West, and has never been
heard of since.--eto Brunswick Re,
p~orter.'_
Mdonulgnor Jose Taixal, Bishop
offtbe See of Urgel. would seemi
to be In a very tight place ainoe a
criminal prosecution is to be brough6
against b m by the Alfonsist goveirn..
mont, and he is now a prisoner near
Barcelona. Taixal Is the primate of
the Carlists, and, although It was
reported in D~eoember that he had
abandoned that esuse, hi. subsequeht
faithful adherence to his p ost of
duty in the face of the dliculties
by which he was sorrounded seems
to stamp the report as of Alfonsist
origin, Of course the Madrid 'Gov
ernment will have littleocompas'
sion on a fierce partisan 14k.
Taixal..
It is said that . orders have been
given by Mr. William Butler Dun
can to go on with the building of
his new and magnificent seaside
house at, Newport, and that thbre is
ntoproba ihlty that his fauiily .will
suf1ei WIthis least from povery. $t
is the orodltors, not the membei-s
of the bipkrdpt firm of Duncan,
Shbrman & 04, who are suffering
?rcui a laoc og funds.---Phldephuia
Wealve jnst and sea men.
40w, they Fight In Frauc..
WA' tike irom Punch the follo*ing
oapital burlesque on the recent
/seo' bet*'eeo Htenri Ncchefdrt and
Paul di Cassagnie.
Tr. PkmTnSBARo, Febuary 1.
Norertsca : I have discovered that
*welve ;years kgo, you wee' good
.enougb 4D' accuse MeO qf telling an
infamoqe falsehood. I have taken
Aen years to obtain a copy of the.
wretched print in *hich tba libel ap.
pared., That tutae rable periodioal
ou edited twelve. years ago, and if
at eiil exists, you edit it still, Xou
paust 94It *till, I repeat. bEoase it
istoi -berbarous to be edited by apy
odd lest f, lest ' despidables less
diShodowbte thin - yogibelf I You
hIeat ire 1-Tbe ever to-besullieobet".
4 bated jspreal ,is, or prus, call d
Genu Dc ,Dux: Mon es.
I ooutteously invite-7ou to asplain
to me what is the meaning yot attach
to the words "infamous" and "false
hood."
I may add,-for your information,
that recently I at rolled into the ceh..q
tery in which is situated the grave of
your grandmother. I (the writer of
this letter--you understand) dauced
upon that grave I
Accept, tonsieur, my considera.
tions the most distinguished.
ilhcTOR Do VIN OnIaNAntE.
Lat'tbR IT.
BURKAU or Lc GAMIN Da
Daur' Aor aDxe,
March 1.
Moi ssauR : You will see that I
hastened to reply to your base and
mercenary communication I You
oak me for the meaning of the words
"infamdus" and "falsehood." I am
not surprised. You are a man of
education. * Man" is. a courtesy
title I confer upon you. However,
search the Dictionary-the source of
your literary inspiration i If that
work albrds you iisuffiolent infor
mation, you will find a full explana.
tion of the two words in the historj
of your own life l
I have nothing more to say to you
but I denounce to the world your
late father and mother's uncle as
poverty-stricken piok-pookots and low
salatied spiesi
Aceept, Monsieur, my conaidera
tions the most distinguished
Ao ENNON DE POSIMKS DEZ EimE..
LETTER III.
LEICEbTER SQUAllK, May 1.
MONSIKUR .I hurry to answer
your miserable and pretentions comn
maunioation. As an explanation it. is
unsatisfactory ; as a contribution to
periodical literature it is beneath
contempti If you are not in the hands
of the police for having committed
petty larceny, I invite you to meet
me--to meet me to fight a duel to
the death I You hear what I say
to the death l
First lot me inform you, however,
that you are a villain, a ruflian and
a vagabond I
My friends M. Comte de Foie de
Veau and M. le Chevalier do Vingt.
cioq Centimes will represent ue.
Aonopt, Monsieur, my considera.
tions the moat distinguished.
LE.TTEVR IV.
JJUIEAU or l.E GAMIN
Dic D~ax Morovs,
July 1.)
MONsIEUR : You will see that
your weak-minded cballenge is ac
cepted at once. I rejoIce that spoon.
stealing isne~t punish able with death
for the. law has thus sawed you fro m
the guillotine to fall a victim to my
Vengeanee.
It will be no news to you to hear
that you are a bully, a card-aharper
and 6 coward I
My friends, M.- : l Viocomte
PifpAg6-Puf and M. 1e. General
IBoum, will represent me.
Acept, Monsieur, my considera.
-tions the most distioguiebed.
*AoAauz~od4 Il PoMK DR TENRE.
LETTKl V.
PAnsa, September 1.
MESSIEUnsB: We have the honor
to declare that we are acting on be
half of our principal, M. Hector do
Via Ordinaire. Our priccipal
(claiming his rights as the insulted
party) dem ands to choose weapons,
distance and conditions. H~e pro.
poses pistols as the weapons ; for
the distanoe, three paces a for the
oondltions, that the pistols be
loaded with powder, paper and
bullet.
We await with impatioee the
reply of your prinoipal.
Accept, Messieurs, our considera
tions the .most distinguished.
La CourtE. DI Foil DIE E(AU.
La CIUETAI.II DE VIHOT ozNQ OirN
[Taxas.
LET~tR VI.
- -PAnis, Odtober l-g . x.
Mestuis i- We have the hqpor
to~ unounce , tliat we have ,lpatily
sub . Isted y ou proipospal to our prin..
ciV l. M. Agneti nondd Pommes do
Terre hurriedly aedept. the weapons,
the dietsee ad a part of th. eon
ditions'. He will meet your principal
pistol In hand, at three paces dlis,
tance. Hlowover. although the pis.
tols may bp loaded with powder at
paper,'they mut not be loaded wi
ullets. Is honor (whibli is f
dearer to him than-life) deinands tI
sacrifice I
'T'he 19ident must therefore 1
considered at an end, unless
acooept our- prIncipal's propositic
wbiih is as follows :
The weapons to be rapters, t
distance four feet, and the conditip
to'bo that the Rpiers shall ha
b'lades at leest three feet long.
We await your reply ilth anxiel
Accept, Mebeieurs, otut 6onsides
tious the most distinguished.
1ds VIcoMTa PIFrPArIr-POU/.
Lr. OsNRAL R3oun.
LETTaR 0iZ.
PARI,-October, L-"-8 . as.
MassiEUs : We have tho honor
announce that we hbve tardily al
regretfully submitted the proposal
your principal to our principi
After' much and long oousideratii
our principal finds that he can on
agree to rapiers and the distan<
He lobjects to the conditions. I
feels that his couarge, his reputat~i
as a brave man, demand that t
rapiers instead of having blades thr
feet long, should have no blades
all I
Under those ci rcumetanoes t
incident must be considered, at
end.
Accept, Messieurs, ojr consider
tions the most distinguished.
Lk CoMT Di Fo.: Inc VeAU.
La CIEVALIERI Dr VINaOv-0:Nq 019
TIME e.
* * * * * *
And, strange to say, the inoiden
was at an end.
Sunpson's New Boor.
Down in Tuockahoe, N. J., there
i man named Simpson, who has
fiat roof on his house covered wil
tin-so says Max Adler. . The to
got to leaking badly, and it happe
ed to occur to Simpson that it wou
be a good thing to cover the who
surface with the material out
which concrete pavements are maq
in order to make it perfectly tigt
A man was accordingly engaged, at
he covered the tin with concrete
the depth of four inches. The our
of Tuokahoe is oats. In warm weat
er millions of these assemble ai
hold ratification meetings and r
hearsals and general synods out
the backyards and on the roofs.
Tuokshoo the heiat is unusually i
tense, and Mr. Simpson was unus
ally annoyed by the animated di
oussions of the cats in his neighbo
hood. The more he "shooed" the
and flung old boots at them tl
more they yelled. Night after nig
grew more terrific, and day by di
Mr. Simpson observed that t1
mysterious catawauling oontinui
during all the hours of dayligi
Simpson hadn't a bootjack or blac
ing brush or a rolling pin or
cologne bottle to throw at them.
At last, one moonlight night, tl
uproar got to be so outrageous th
Simpson arose from his bed, dote
mined to ascertain what all ti
growling meant anyhow I It a
peared to him that the .uise ea
from the top of the house. He we
up into the garret and put his he;
out of the trap door. There
found 196 cats suock fast knee do
in the concrete, which had be
softened by the heat. Some of the
had been there four days. T
minute they caught sight of 8imps
the whole l96 doubled up the
spines, ruffled up their liack ha
snaked their tails, and gave one u
earthly howl, which shook Simpsor
nerves so much that he dropped t
trap door and tell down the ite
ladder on the head of Mrs. Simpse
who was standing bolow dressed -in
thing with a frill on it, and astn
with a palm-leaf tan and 'a b
slat, determined to protee6 alimps
to the death.~ Simpson has sin
sold the house to a man who m'ak
sausagos and fur tippet., and it
whispered around Tuokahoe tl
his actual gains average forty d<
lurs a night.
Beule and Theodore.
Thebo. Tilton Is writing a play
five-act tragedy, one of the "Gi
rasheous Hleavings I All is lost I Hi
ha 1 ha V" kind, and Beso Turner
writing a novel, one of the "But
murmored the mnaiden, "if th
dostest not thinkest, Adolbort, it
it wert better for mne if 1 havedi
bade not" kind, and we don't ci
much now if the trial comes off or n
With Biessle's new novel, s'From BI
to Bied ; or, Asleep in the Darl
and Theodore's terrible ,tragei
'Hung to the Wall ; a Tail of
Nightshirt," the Americoan people<
struggle through the winter about
patiently as they worried through I
spring avid summer. -w .Bu~rlbgd
-The infloence of -the imaginati
on the vital. funotions has. alw
been recognised, and it was t
recognition that enabled the an.&
.phybiolans to be so successful
ohar ms, amulets, and incantations.
?d erI Early and the ealawag.
th -
ar General Early was in a Richmond
Is saloon with a friend recentl when
iti walked Rush burgess, naited
be States Internal Revenue Collector,
au lately defeated for Oengress, togeh.
at, er with Hon. Ambler Smith. e at
once approached Gen. Early and his
be companion, offering cigars, which
as they accepted, supposing ha to be
we an old comrade in arms.
Generat, said Rush, 'yoa dop't
seem to know Ine.'
a- 'No, replied the General, I do not
recollect you.'
'Well, I am Rush Burgess.'
'Are you that scalawag t' replied
the general, in his empbtio drawl.
*# am Itb Burgess sir,' rephi0
Rtsh, flushing as red as a turkey.
to cook * 'hut you should not speak of
me in that.,
of 'Sir,' said the old General, with
i. scorn and contempt in tone, look
n and gesture, 'your impudence in ad.
1 dressing entlemen deserves much
- worse; and had I known you, I would
* not have received your cigar,' and be
n tossed it from him in loathing and
he turned away.
ee Burgess made some remark about
at the General's age, when the old man
returned.
e 'Sir,' said he, I am old enough
an to know what I am saying, and I
am young enough to stand up to it,"
'Then, sir,' cried Burgess, "our
acquaintance ends here I'
'Ends !' exclaimed the General
-by heaven, sir, it has never begun I'
Odds and Ends.
A Vermont paper has an artiele on
"How to Treat Tramps." For our
own part we should most certainly
i, oppose treating them at all.
a "Let her drive," is a phraso to be
ih found in the Bible. So also is -'skin
of of my teeth," and "his driving was
. like unto the driving of Jehu."'
l1 A man who was up in a police
le 'cout recently, gave his occupation
of as that of a "eoncologiet.' and us
a, I plained by saying that he opened
t.. oysters at the market.
id 'he word reporter h-s been adopt.
to ed into the French language, though
ia ainst the protest of the purists,
* who claim that nouvelist, or
d "newsist." answers every purpose.
iu lamlet.
n -
n. In answer to a correspondent, the
a"- Monde Illustre gives the following
s- particulars of the Danish prince .
r- The historian Saxe Grammatious,
m who lived in twelfth century, states
eI that Hamlet was the son of a king of
ht Jutland, named Horvandil, and that
ty his mother was the Queen Gerutha.
oe Fenge, the brother of Horvendil,
d having assassinated Hamlet's father
,t. seized the throne and married hie
k- widow. Hamlet feigned madness, and
a in the meantime prepared to take
vengeance on his guilty uncle. King
he Fen ge suspected the sinister designs
at of his nephew, and sent him to Eug
r- land for the purpose of having assas
is sinated. Hamlet, however, suceed
p. ed in gaining the friendship of the
ae English king, and returned the fol
at lowing year to Denmark. There he
id slew, with his own hand, the assassin
be of his father, was proclaimed kiag,
3p and fell some time afterwards In a
in battle against King Vigilet, who was
in offended because Hamlet had assumed
be the style of rrvalty.
IOula~in-Making..
We 'speak of mountains fotnsing
,e louds aout their tops: tholoud.
be have formed the mountains. Lift a
,district of granite, or marblew lato,
n, their region, and they gathte about
Sit, and uri th eir stonm. agai~ 'it,
id beating the reeks into sands, andi
ad then carry'them out into th. sea,
in carving out canons, gelebes and vale
e Ioya, and leaving plateas and smote
Stains embossed on the surfaee.--Popte
i ar &iensce Mont~ty.
A new grove of colossal redwood
trees has been disovered in Califor
-nia. One of themi eclipses all that
--a h ave-been discovered on the Pacific
r. coast. It ciroumference, as high as
a 1 a man cn reach standing and passing;
is a tape- line around,. is a few inohes.
Sless than ot46 hundred and fifty feet.
au This is bemyond the measurement of
at any tree in the Calaveras grove. Thea
st height is estimated at ono hundred
re and sixty feet, and a part of the top,
t, lying on the ground is over oe hant.
ed dredc feet in length.
"State ;fficers inebraska have no.
ly, fees and It takes them an honxarid
a a half to amaswer a question.
an
An Illinoi* father is deterino&m~
hethat his childrn shall all ilearn the
priinter's trade, so that th y cinsa
have free tiokets to eiroulos4
,Grasshoppers have appeared in Afa
arica in greoot numbers, and the na
tives aremmaking dried beef of them
.The aggregate number of deaths ini
for New Orleans for the week enig
w** August 26 was 108~

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