FAIRFIEID M ALD
I. MEANS 1)AVIS, Editor
Wedn aday on .September 29,1876.
We will vary from our customary
inodvesy this morning ;to spea+k !a
word for oursolves, a topic, we trust
as entertaining to our readers as to
us. Wo aligear this morning in-anew
coat fresh' from New York the
iotropolis of fashion.
Thoro are 'times in 'the life of
ovc- individul when he turns
abon and discovers that ho is in
neod of a now cont. h'io old follow
ho ham worn so long, and become so
attachod to, is Hihowing umitistakablo
symitoms of decay. Its collar is
f broenmare, its sleeves frazzled(l, and
it s color departed. So with a sigh
of rcgmot he bestows it oil some in
telligent contrabandu, amid invosts
in a now garment.
A 'te'wspapcr also, is compell.
((l to replenisht ifs wairdriob)o and
appear before its friends in unf,uni
liar garb.' This Tum. IEJALm does
to-day. But its change is only ex
tornaml. It is still the Samo paper
that has so long boon ant inhabitant
of the 'horo.
'I'm.rt Im:ama.n plods its way along
slowly, but wo( rejoice to may, noves
onwar.d. 1it rsuing its mlod(est path,
it las s(n mfaily amJtbitious contei
ptraries fall "like loaves in wintry
woalter." 'T'liat it, hams been more
* itnhlat&, is due to the friendly
patrotnaIge of the people of Fhtirfield,
a1nd1 of tmany of her sons in distant
Bit while ie Nrws and HEnALD
are r(e1gular visikors to mot of the
Ii resijdes il In te ('unty, there aro a
fcw to which they are strangers.
''hey are anxious .. to extend their
a(c(tuainttate. Au invitation to
I his oflect in the form of a small
greenncek will be retulily accepted
"'in the samie kin d spirit.'il which it
A newspae)r is a necessity tLco
days. Fraud and crimaao love dark
ne(1ss, iad can only ho chocked by
3l(means of a wa;t.tehful sentinel nlways
cn the alert.
This iipe 1hs aver endeavored to
Firve the best inlterosts of the 1)00
plo, and it lshll cotttieto, to. labor
carnostly ina their ihwaif. All it
askh is thalt it ho plentifully snp
plied Iwaih the "sinews of war."
Iaa concliusion we I rut that ere
we aro c.omnpolled to d- 'm a new dress
alganin, the coiuntry wVill have so ro
pore&d f-hat new clothesc will be as
c')iIommo as. old1 ones5 are Wo-laty, anid
thait even the HI.:nAud) will naot fool in.
elined to boast of hmaig arrayoul
itself in now garments.
riThe peoplo of Port Je'rvis camne
ncar- being carried amway by a ihood
last yeur. Notwithsxtatualing this
awful wairning they are floackinmg to
heair Theodoro Tiiltonm lecture. A
shmower- of ihe amid brims'tono is next
Th'a- Saun wi'll rise (Oelipsed on next
We-dnesda~y, ihe 29th, visible eastE of
t ho Mississippi. Early rirsers take
nioticeL. Lovers can set up over
night in the piazza and waiit for it.
Thlie New York dotmoer-atfs htave
aidoptod a platform calhling for -spe
(C ptaiiments. Tihey tare thusm ini
anmtaigonaismt wuith thle democrats of
Ohio and 'Pennsyfvttnia. , Tho re
lt I.will p~robabhly be that if the conl
I ractionists succeed in captanring tho
nat ional denmocratieclfYl covetf Ti'l
(a m will b)0 the ennilidate, ihl Gov.
A lon will head the ticket, if the rag
money oleimienit pretdomiito.
he liberal repulblicansl of Now~
York and of Massachusetts hmave re
tiolved to ally themnsolves with the
demtocratl n in the coming struggles.
Re'publicanismu in Masnsachunsettsa is
in such a had waiy that ian effort huas
been made to peruado vice-prexi
dentt Wilsont to re'sign his p~resent,
pos~itiotn amnd rutn for guveg-or. lBut
Mr. WVilsont cannot see maitters in
thmat lighat. A bird in the hland( is
worth tiwo ini tho lashl. The republi
cans cannot regain Masnsahmusett
until thmey eall the tribe of carp~ot
bsaggers who are scenttercd over the
South mnd whaooe exodus made a sad
bre~ea int the tanks of the trmoohy loil
party of p)rogre0ss. Or e'lse lot them
invite thte (leorfgia freedmen to im.
mtigrate to the bay Site.
.Whmen a nmn t'lha ihe natked truth,
he must rive the bae facs
defines oub W<le 1 ditogi
its pos or th eat in yoralt
canyas v o Cont*
uation o ie apli ce m oeds ye
with the Macke? wing of republicans
btion of tlie offiees. This coalition
whe e*esful in the contest for
state offices, and the NAews < Courier
believes it will win in the ensuing
election. The progr up % fpr ceb &1
party to nominate a certain propor
tion'df thg alderliibndPhi6 ib
miisionlrs free from any infitence
by the other party and the conglo
morato noiiation to be voted for by
botlh.jartios This contains essential
ly the spirit of .minority representa
tion and in our opinion is an admii'a
ble scheme, if it can be carried out.
Tlo'ew cfi Courier states that
this proportional representation is
the conditioin of its support of Gun
ninghan, and. that should the re
publicans fail to acquiesce in this
scheme it will adfocato the nomina
tion of a straight out conservative
We sincerely trust, however that
this necessity will not arise. The
system of proportional representa
tion is so equitable and just that we
hope to soo it adopted not only in
Charleston, but in every county in
MIr. Washington Schell and Mr.
Waltor Solel, the brother and
the nephew of Dr. Schell, have been
arrested on suspicion of the nmur
derer of Joe Crows. They protest
When Adam Crows and two no
groes were arrested for the murder
of Scholl, on an affidavit of the no
groes that they had perpetrated the
murder tLhiy were reloned
without the formality of a
trial. This doubtless caused the
people of liaurens to believe that
they might ats well expert nothing
from the law, and som misguided
indivich ,1 took the law into his
own hanIds. We do not point to the
friends of Dr. Schell by this. Joe
Crows had made many other enemies
oqually as bitter. But this Schell
matter was a test case. Had it been
tried in opOn court 1hoforo a jury of
twelvo mon, the verdict would have
ibo respoetod ; and as thore was
probably sufficient doubt; to have
cleaimed Crows, he would have been
living to-day just as Bowen is. But
wheon the eon fossimm of tihn neeimsocl
)ersos1 themselves were sot aside
upon a hearing of merely an applica
tion for h1abeas eonms, it might have
bees expected that other enwimies of
Crews would seek redress before
another tribunal. It is true the ne
groes made counter affidavita after
wamrdsi, but these were as improbable
asN an1 oriental fiction for they im
p1licaited amiong other poirties the
G reenvillo N~ues. as h avin g organized
a consFpiracy against Crews. This
wasH so absuirdly ridiculous tha~t it
stamp~ed the wvholo afidavit as false.
It will be0 found that the slowest way
of conducting affairs is the best. It
is more expensive to try anl accused
puarty before a jury, but the loss of
money is more t~han conimonsated
by a preservation of peacen and
In conclusion we suggest to the
Schiolls to Imke aflidavits that they
had nothing to do with this nuirder
and then to apply for a release on a
writ of habeas corpus.
Is it not strange that some n
lucky accident bofals every fiancial
board upon which Gov. CIhamuber
lain is placed ? We are aill acquaint
ed with his misfortunesn before ho
became governor. 'Since his oleva
Lion to this high dignity, he has
met with another pice of had luck.
HIis was the casting vote which
placed the deposit in Solomnon's
hank. And when the bank fails lhe
pleads ignorance of its condition,
oxpuresses sorrow that ho was a
victim of misplaced contidcee, and
demands that the public excuse him.
And thus far for somne reason lie has
csc'aped all blame. Now if the
assertions of the Treasurer be true,
Gov. Chamnbierlain is as culpable
as Comptroller D~unn. If an inves.
igation of the condition of thme bank1
was donmanded by Cardoza heforo
the deposit wvas made, it was- the(
boiuden duty of the Governor te
votou for this resolution, and to in
stituto the most searching scrutiny
Hie owed this to the people, and he
owed it to himself ; for he had die
coveredi in his~ past career that oe
a nmistake in a public official is am
The only dlefence the Governo'
can make is to deny the warning o
the Treasurer. Hie has declarc(
that lie knew nothing of. the inta
i biity of the bank, and thi ;ear
U 0 ore thea
pe tter. This
let1 z reher response
veka oh po -
tion ' lo a ". Chamber
past reco fiould be held in abey
ance. But - wfjgtJ 0 M boebgy
losses to the State occurring now,
thffrou'ig .tl e.,neg1l " ,.og enal .
Governor Chamberlain isi member,
Staio in the ;day; when: Attoniey
Genieral Chamberlain was a mom
bor. of' the boin'd' iniimst" say that
forlearance ceases Lo be I virtue and
,wo indist ruhdfit bf tho ovoinbrf the
same explanation as is rsina'liciocfront
the other mnembers.
Our Plio '
State E;C-hathles are still debatin'g
the luostion of organizatioli in South
Carolina. 'l'lio issue has not, beerd
presented sufficiently yet to decide
the status of each member of the
conservative Proes. Itis highly pro
per at present to agtitato the ques
tion of organi zation, but. our policy
after organization must be deter
mined by events not yet existing.
The questions scorn to be:
1st. Shall there be an oi'g aniza
tion of the conservatives next year ?
2d. In cvent of organization;
what shall be the policy pinsued 7
In answer to the first jucstion we
answer unhesitatingly, Yes. Many
of the evils that have ;befallen the.
State are attributable to the. want
of organization on the part of the
conservative taxpayers.' The politi
cal outlook was so gloomy that after
every defeat the conservatives tre
lapsole into defiiair. They were not
to be blamed for this. The hational
radical party was Ho strong', Adecor'
rupt and so malignant- toward ' the
South: that.any effort made against
it was prodostinled to fail.
After vain efforts to- help them
Holves the Southern conservatives
seeing that Congress was all power
ful, appealed to it.. But assistance
thore was denied, and they once
more organized an effort among
themselves. That effort owing to
the "tidal wave" succeeded in every
State except South Carolinn, nd
h'erc even it- was productive of in
c dlcalable benefit. eNow the pros
pet is bright. The national radi
cal party, once so arrogant, is cring
ing like a wi)ippei cur before out
raged public sentiment. Congress
has lost its absolute power for evil.
The conservatives of South Carolina
c'm work out their own redemption
without fear of Federal interference.
We believe firmldy that the last at
tempt to flood a State with federal
soldiers hais heen mardo. Whatever
of good or ovil is in stoyro for our
Slite nmst be evolved by heyself.
Ini this phatse of polities, the policy
of the conservatives is -orgarnization
They nmst b)e able to wield their
fifty thousand votos in sali: phalanx
for. reform, and this can be effected
only lby concerted action.
A h'eady there exists a State or
ganization which needs but a slight
oll'ort, to organize the whole conser
vative party into one uqighty engine.
When the conservaitive nominating
convention called by the'tax uilon met
list year. it organized a party. Be
fore it aujourned, it elected a con
servative excutive colmnittee in
every Count', as will 1)e seen by
refcrencec to its minutes, for the ex
press puirpo'se of perpetuating it~s
organization. When the proper
time arrives it will only be necessary
for these committees to call precinct
meetings ill thieir rhpeti~vo coun
ties ; and a party wi1Jinstan ugooun-.
ly arise "like Minerva, all armed."
The only difficulty in the way will
b)e thme alpathy of the people. Bnt
if, last yens, wheni overyhiung was
gloomy the consfervatives organized
a powerful .party in four weeks,
there need 1)0 no fear that next
year, with a demnocratic congress
and twenty-five, democratic States
and an abandonment of bayonet
legislatiown and ballot box slufling,
the conservatives of South Carolina
will b)0 b)uried in apathy.
But while we* call for orgniztiedi
we do not soe why that organization
shiould be bourbon-democratic, or'
should nominiate a bourbon-demo
('ratie ticket. While thorn are fine
prospects of a victory for refo'rm
there are none f > r. a'denocht1io victo
ry in South Carolina. .Suecess
cannot be achlieved without the co
oper'ation of fifteen thoulsande col
ored votere, and while we bolieve
that number can be cas~ily obtpied
for a compromise, they will not vote
for a straight out domnoeratic. ticket.
-That is all.
. We beliove the policy to be, at,
on o mis ith re
o ers the er y. his
~~~y er, ur
op ion 'will f ' disastrously.
Of course, in case a just and
eff'ected, it will be the duty of
to ,1P EtJ
field an unexceptionable ticket and
liic~ upon 11 poe s des -ru
44fto4t . to its ipbr
The recent odntrovermy, between
Comptroller Dunn and Treasurer
"ardoza dont ins th's sanfe Ytniotnt
+of vitdbipotioli a 0 t gie iiadle
of flgttrest to$ At trizo s Q.
these cotroversies betweon. republi
Out' f a# his jumble wo libtice
that . fie treasuer igak e out an
aplparent pi'im.a facie ca se against
the bank of which Mr. Dunn is re
ceivor and champion. It would
appegr rom his showing that the
bank paid its stockholders up with
deposits and has drawn upon these
deposits to settle its profIt and loss
account'angl also to pay up about
$80,000 of liabilities: This would
'h fraud on the part of the bank.
What. chiefly perplexes Mr.. Cars
doza, and we may . add, the. public
generally, is what has become tof the
$200,000 deposited by. the State and
not draw' upon. , It must have been
applied to the- payment of other
claims. What these claims were
is the, point in doubt. Mr. Dunn
refuses'thus far to make a statement
of-the .transactions of the bank be
tween January and June. .
T1pasurer Cardoza . avers that at
a meeting of the financial board
some'weeks ago he offered a resolu
tion to investigate the - condition of
the batik and the cause - of its fail
He also avers that Mr.
Dunn introduced - a resolution
postponig till some future day,
even the mere consideration of the
question whether such investigation
should be made.
All. this plnaces Mr. Dunn and
the bank in an unfavorable light, and
the public. are anxiously awaiting
a development of their dofence. It
is needless for Mr. DTnn to reply
by rnerely accusing Cardoza of im
proper conduct. While the charges
against Cardbsa may be true, this
has nothing to do - with the inno
cenae or guilt of the bank officials
and the receiver. ,i. Mr. Dunn must
make a better showing than this.
Let him explain how the money
went. At present the treasurer
s- e-ns to be on the heaviet~ side of
'MAnnrn-On~ the 22nd instant at the
residenco of the bride's father in Sumte r
Conuty, S. 0., by the Rev. WV. M. Reid,
Mn. J. W. On.twome~n, of Winnsboro, and
Miiss Motra! W. R.mn, of Sumter. We re
turn thanks for delicious cake.
WINNSEORO MARKET REPORT,
CORRBECTED wEE~KLY DY
BE AT Y, BRO , & SON.
MoNn)AY, Rwrr. 27.
CorroN- Sale for the past weok, 534 bales
at pricos ranging from llj(aI11
Pricos to-day 'If lb 11t a 11
and Borneo. yd... 10;@18
Tfiss-NewV Arrow .h lb 6
Bao -Shoulders " ..
Bulk Shoulders "' "..
Bulk 0. R sides. " *" .14@5
HAMS--S C Canvassed " " 1
bAnn- " " 20
CANnnes-Adanantit " set 186i2li
COFFEE--O (* Java " lb - 8 40
Rio ". " 25 28
P'owdered "' " 15i
C Yellow and
Extra .0 White "~ " 1$t1 31
N 0 Clarinied " " 1
bROLAs5Es-..N 0 " gal. O(f ~00
-DemararV " " 858
. Muscovado." " : 60 a75i
* lyrap " ." 45 )50
RKnosF.NF- '" __5
Rum--Carolina " lb 111
Coax-- . " bt. 12
MnAL-B~olted " " .1.80
OAt-- " " 75a8
Freoun--Super -- sack 3.756 .00
Chi~Family " " 4.25
SALTr-- . " " 2.00
INaits-- " keg firstname.lastname@example.org
IAN " bun. I.5(
3H1~t E rm of J. T. Kendriek & Co., is
this day dissolved by mutual eon
sent. E'ither party will use the firm name
in settling the business. -All .parties in
debted to the same are requested to make
payment at the eatrliest nmoment.
JY. T. KENDRUCK,
D. P. CROSBIY,
* latorvllo, Sept. CLth, 187i4.
Pantien for Mile i
-INE Briek House wlti eight' rooms.
4.b~pt two hundred ares of land,
nfty iuidtl buitivation iitul abdut fifty is
weeds, balaneo in pine lands. Long Run,
1best locationi for store in county. K nown
a~ the Adna Johnson place. Terms easy.
. p~ 2-x4 J. K. RABBJ, Agt.
A LIUERLAL discount will be allowed
to all parties paying their unc
bills before tJi lst November nott. Cottopi
Iaken at markt price in payment.
). sept 29 PIERRE! IIACOT, Agt.
BEAUTIFUL STOCK OF
MM'ENSE STOCK OF
Maws 'Furnishigr GOodtt, Med '
EDGNGS, ALLir STYLES.
LARDEST STOCK OF LADIES' DELTS IN TOWN
DO'NTFAIL TO GO TO
UKUM & CUS.
We Never Fal
TO l?]~i 4ily .
Largest Stock of
I 'I O i v1T.
DON'T FA IL
Notice of Openifng Sohool,
'HOO Trsteen are hereby notified
not: t open the public schools in
heir respective districtu prv:1ous to th
1st Doormber next. T1his delay is deemed
advisable becauso of thd probable delay in
the apportionment of the Sobo ftand for
tiheensuin8 achlolastio yeer.
- ~ 'W. .T. CRlAVFOND,
T. R. RIOBERTSON,
IR. ME ANS DAVIS,.
County B~oardl of Examiners.
The 3ost 1obeh~olQl in e.World I
0. WEST & 8ONS' A LA DIN SECURIT Y OLb
WA RRArT'ED 150 DBG RIS F(RHBTZIST.
Endereed by the Fire Inesuranae Comtparole,.
fro . ne he following cordecatow, selected
HOWARD FIRE INS. CO. of D1AI,TJMoR,
Detemner 22, '2.
N~ees'. 0. West 4' Sons.
ths 'ce ty frlum atturpnes 1 t ali plastte
eoon~ndlrg yotAaeI Scty" a he safest
Signed) *.A NIREW 388, PresIt.
It~ WILL NOTI EXPLODE.
ilAsk a r et reepe it h a Dpot:t
r ib, rb fs hlb t8 JhJbrm the oltize
L' wth plaltnri ot tis county, tha
goods ever brought to this markot. Wo can
duesmentspa -sa s gd e
CASH BY THE C
dire t frod (6mantfaturerrthti savin
boll is low as ay jobbing h4ina w (
froni ama I ries qn pta Qurs
part ofLactos bloss Goe o
Op9ds8 ' 6B e vaaiety,. f 'otitton det
ENTS' 'GOYS'e AND,0 HILDE1
GOODS, E D A )Q OT:
ALSO A LRGE
and every thing usually kept in
The above goods will be sold altos
C ASH . AND
ni low as tho same goods can bo bought in i
All we ask is a call to be donvinced.
V G. Desportes,
And buy a choice article of CHEESE at
20 lb. Fine No. I, and 3 MACK
El EL at a small advanoe on brew
AND A LARGE STOOK OF
BOOTS AND SIIOES
AT MODERATE COST
U. 0. DESPOIRTES,
Fresqh Soda and. Boston Craokers.
*" Strawberry, Scotch, 'Jumble and
Potted Hams and Tongue, Sardinen,
Cheese, Plokles. Salnion, can -Pine ap
plo, Peaches &o., Proedrvees and
Jelliest, Worohoatershtiro Sauce,
Tomato Oateup Itnd
1 epjpek' Sauce, Ital inn:
M acaroni, -North
Coffees andI Teas.
Blagging, -Ties and Twine, all low for
.sop 25 Agent.
OF 'NRflONA L- PRlOPPRTY.
I Yrrvrte of sundry e~ eontions to in
directed, I will offr (or sale for
cash, af public atletion, to the liighest bid.
dier within the 1.gai hears .f s s. at
Doko .en the first lilondiny .in Ocober
next oud the day ifollowing, 'he folloyiP5
sleoeiieu p'roprty to wit
Contents of 8ore 'belonging t6 ifogan
& Cloud at. Doko'. Levied tpon as the
roperty of llegan & Uloud ait.the sit of
Mrtirphy~ & Little, against hlegan & Cloud,
and othy's ,again4 the nme qterendants.
*inabbio, S. U.,
Sept. 16, 1876.
Cgat I Oata z f
OE lf ar load Winter 'Oats. For sale
low for Cash.
ns of Winnsboro, and A rr i ng to, no.
t they are now: opl)O1ig l r t of
and will give to the p iroTra great n
[O1BRS PROSrI.,thlerei'y1o g as to
hk.ar hnrloston, its our goodit ebought
40. ATS, GENTS' FUIIN HING
BOOTS AND SHOES, OF
ASSORTJENT 0 P
a figst clas Dry Goods IIouse
gether by the PIECE OR RBOLT for
CASH 0 N L Y,
ame quantities in Now York or Charleston.
T. S. Elder & ro.
One door north of F. Elder's old stand.
NEW STOR E.
ROSENHEIM & CO.,
ESPECTFT'FULIXY inform the pub.
lie in general that. they have opened
the store formerly occupied by J. I.
t'nIhearl where they intend to c..Iduct a
general ctoak of merohnndise, consisting of
BOOTS AND SITOE4,
* WE OUARANTEE
Fair and square t:ealmnent tlo eaca and
overy one that, wdll call on us.
R. W. PHILLIPS,
URNIUREParlor Brackets andi
Pltre ramies, for desi1,n and
worknmanship, unequalled. Itoimem
ber miy pricea are b~eyonld competition for
the same quality of goods.
A NEW SilPPLY
,of Zustic Nindow Shtades,' low in price,
atirable, eonvenioult, that never get out of
order, and will -last longer thaxn any other
Shade. Mattresses,- Pictures, Hatt.txak,
Mirrors and Lutnber for sale.
Furniture neatly repaired at modorato
prices S8eelal ttentlon gien to the Un
dortakler's Departme~nt.' keep on hand a
full supply of Caseso and Wood Coffins.
MY TERMS ARE STRICTLY CASHf,
sept 28-1 -_____________
n the Dis'riol. Vourt. of the U. 8. for the
Disio~lt of 8. Carolna. In the mtater
or J. M. It. Mioore, Tantkruipt. At
Yorkyille. hn the said Distrilct, on the
8th day.of August.-875.
'TR:Take not~ice thalt. a potiloin hasd
bor fied in sqidi court, by J. M. It.
Moore, of ~alrfi'eldi County, In said Dis
trict, duly doclared a hankrupt., under the
Act of Congress,'entitledi "An Act to es
lablish a uniforrn aystem of Blankrupt'oy
throutgbett the .Unit co St at en," approved
Miarcht 2,?18637, for a dischat'ge atnd cerlfi
cate thereof, from all tas deb ts andt olthe
clms provable under. th said Act ; out
the'284 d y .of Peptethbar, 1875. at I
n'clock- Mi. la ass igtsed for th hsearingo
the see biefore WV. I, Claws on, oeve o
the legisters in ilankrutptoy of sai
t'ourt-, at is cile In .Yorkvitte, 14. . C
when and where you may attemd, an
shew cause, if any you htave, whty i h
prayer of the said jietitioni should not. b
U8. \f arshall as Messenger,
frirs and1 MedIaac~hs ~ ata Oin
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