WILLIAMS & DAVIS,
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
One Copy one year, - - $ 8 00
Fio "" ," "" - - - 12 (0
en " "" " 26 GO
RATES OF AbYiTISiN6.
One Square onie insertion $1.00. For
eoh subso uent i134oniah - 0. Obitua
rios and Trri butes ~f4 .pcy ci~ q
for contract advortisements.
Bill hIoads, Letter Heads, Envolopgs,
Posters, Cards, Invitations, Ticket51. o.
neatly executed at thia office,
FOR CASI(. . ''I
Some Solid Figures.
The national debt amounts to $2,
100,000,000, upon which thiei's is a
permanent interest charge qf $12Q,
State, county and municipal debts
aggregate $1,500,000,000, the perma
nent interest charge on which is
$105,000,000 per almlunil.
The annual national taxation is
$315,000,000 ; the annual taxation,
5450,000,000 ; the totttl:anual taxa
tion is $765,000,000; total intorost;
$225,000,000. . ,
The assessed value of property i
1870 was $14,000,000,000.
The total debt is $3,600,000,000
on which we pay $225,000,000 aycar.
In addition to this, the annual taxa
tion of $766,000,000 amounts to
$17 for each man, woman and child,
or to $85 for each man in the coun
try. The amnual taxes, then, leaving
out the interest aecount, amount to
5} per cent. of the total assessed
value of real and person estates in
the United States.
Meanwhile the industries of the
country do not yield a not income
of more than 3- per cent., and
money is quoted somtimes in New
York at a less rate. The bondhold
prs have triumphod in Ohio. Look
out for a further tightening of the
screws, a further recletion of wages,
a rapid succession of failures, and
probably the most trying winter the
poor have ever known..-Columuis
The Great Pennsylvania Steal
PImLADELPnIA, Octoher 21._A.
comnunittee was appointed by the
House of Representatives to invosti
gate the affairs of the Treasury.
The report of the investigation has
developod the following facts :
From 1861 to 1874 yearly over
charge on interest account of public
debt the diflerent Treasurors taking
credit for paying more interest tihan
The State debt bore. The grand
aggregate thus unlawfully taken
from the State Treasury in eleven
years was $1,123,301.6(5. Second,
from 1870 to 1874 there appears to
have been . an oxces of premiums
charged in purchiase~s of gold to
pay interest on gold bearing hMuds,
amounOltingr in all to $121,42i.05.
Many other minor fraudulent trans
actions, 'biut thoso mentioned aire
the most important. Reoferring to
the action of the ex-Treasurer in
refusing to appear before the comn
mission, the report says :"Certain
ly it is fair to assume that all charges
made are true, as5 the Treasurer
does not appear when lawfully. sub1
pconaed and explain or deny them."
The other day a Detroit husband
wvent en a tishing excursi on with a
small party of friends. Retuirninig
at mid night he pounded on the door
mnd awoke his wife. As she le thinm
into the hall she saw that something
ailed him, and cried out:
'Why H-enr'y, your face is as red as
'Guesso'r n't,' he replied, feeling
alonmg the hall.
'And I believe you'yo, been dinik
'WVhazz.er mnean by zhat ?' lie in
Omired, trying to staLnd still.
'Oh! H-ouiry, your face would
never look like that if you hadn't
'Mi to blame ?' he asked, tears in
his eyes. 'Spozen big bass jumped
up)'n hit me in lih' face an' make it
red-mi to blame ?'
.And he sat dlownl on thme floor and
cried over her unjust suspiions.
.Det1roit FPree Pres..
.The Ohi< radicals helped out their
V etory by applealing to the mnost ig,.
n:>rant bigotr'y. A s thiey 'introduced
the relhgious qulestion into the. State
campaign, they will doubtless~ make
it an issue im the nationial contest
next year. The party is naturally
one of illiberal ideas, and if thme r'evi
val of Know-.Nothingism is deslired,
it is welcome to agii identify itself
with the atroiou 'piniiciples of that
defuncet organiz~ation. -Lou iu iee
A Wasnmhington dlespatch says:
A "Lient. Coh. Fred, Proi~d Grant is ex..
poeted to hoe here now in a short
time to taiko an activo pa&rt ini ai now
bankmng hous9 in which lie. is ,part
ner. It is udderstoodl that he has
concluded1 niof to resign his position
im the armiy, but that lhe will be
franted a year's leave to seo how lhe
iks1.Thou, if everythiing is lQer
1l', he will resign, butt if not, lie will
hold oin to his commiasn"
It is estimated .that e ead
Government loes overn- n
lara a year by tes go
once used, we} . y
S6ddAerious if fe" 'i that'the
Government jaiori desirous dfnd
iug an ghat'-? be i..usod Wig a
pon or o )herwgg toffp a
1and that can not eobterte
over' four thuiisaid sp' ieoii * ef
ink have, boon -subfnitted, and a
large number'of stathps' defdeed by
these .various ink' have been sent ,to
r pf' pnry,'',f this-eity, I to deter
1h6 whether he could erase the
marks. Thus"ftdi not a single ote of
the d oficpd stamps has stood the
test. Professor Tonry,- can' wash
the defacing markB Ifronm thirty 'of
the ten cent' 16tAlstwpa in'af
boNr. D of th'e inlk whose ins rk
ings have- beens tested' ht've' had
aniline colors 'mixed with them.
Some had iron as thdir bases Those
that were most diffleult of -drasure
had carbon-for their base. Many of the
inks would dome 6ff with the mere
use of soap ahd *ate. A -defacing
ink, composed of the' sarme chemical
ingredients as the face of the stamp,
or a new carbon ink, or some
mechanical detlin'ent -of "the post
ago stamp when it is used, would'
scdm to be the only means' for
scouring ti Poet office Department
fro i. losses, vhose aggregate is
She Paddled her Own Boat.
The train was approaching Atlanta,
and the obliging conductor went up
to the homely old lady who was
evidently traveling alone, and said :
"Madam, have you a companion ?"
"Oh, yes, sir ; Marthy Ann made
me fetch along her little black ridi
kulo that she calls a kunipanyun 1"
"Noino 1 I mean as escort !"
"A what, sir ?" and she looked at
him hard enough to break her spec
"A fellow-traveler with you ?" ex
plained the conductor, desperately.
She rose. Her uplifted hand
looked deadly in 'its black mitten
"You good-for-nothing scamp I
No, sir ! The idea of me, a lone
woman, with no nateral pertector but
a sheepskin covered New Testymeut,
havin' a feller travelin' with me !
Your mother ought to weep over
your iinperdence, young man, and
I'll have ye to know that I kin git
along in this world as well as any
sixty-yor-old widder ye ever struck
By this timo the conductor was
out on the platform, wiping the
perspiration from his fac , and
swearing that the old lady might "go
it alono" to her heart's content.
When the measles broke out
among the nativos of New Zealand,
twenty-ono years ago, just as the
same disease has now broken out in
the Fejee Islands, all efforts to euro
the Moors proved hopeless. Their
only idea of relief from fever and
skin irritation was to plunge into
the brook'wvhich ran by each "pah,"
so "driving the disease in," and
making it fatal in a few hours.
Chicago is putting on pious airs.
She has a committee of church mom
boers who wvere ap~pointed to suggest
the best moans of getting up a re
ligious. revival ; and yet, if she were
to lay her hand on her heart and de
clare the truth, she would tell you
that she wvould rather have one first
class prize fight, or even a game of
base ball, than all the religious 're
vitals you could'stir up in six months.
Just as the doctors had gotten
that Vineland editor fairly before the
world as an illustration of the propo
si tion that a man can live always with
a bullet in his brain, lie has made
up his mind, it is said, to hand in his
cheeks. That an editor could be ca
pablo of treating the doctors in so
shabby a manner we find it very
difficult to believe.
An elderly lady named Cannon, of
Massachusetts, was standing by an'
iron sink during a thunder storm,
when 'she wvas sprostrated by light
ming., She wvas entirely senseless,
and 'was so charged and bgttored by
the electr'ic carront that . the gold
b~oads on her neck weore melted, but
she lives, and ascribes her escape to
the silken cap she wore.
A French scientist has invented
now fis' bait. A bottle is lowereda
mino the water by electiicity and Lh e
shi are to follow it into the net.
"My son, put away that ball., Ilo
you know where the wicked boys go
w~ho play base ball on,' Sundays ?"
"Yes mn ; they go down by., the fair
Twenty of twenty--one German
papers~ in Iowa, support the Demo
JoshI Billings says he will take~ the
stage tlis whiter ; also' the, railroad
cars, when they run his way.
rEAOHERS are required to renew their
*'refohidden, by law to erafploy tdad'heru
wlt' hare not proper certifient es.
Apfilfcana for cestfiffntes must pres'eh6
themrselves to the Cottnty Board of ox
aminerm between the- l5th and the 20th
(lays of Novoijibeor ilaie; They are
'advised to preparOehdelns~te to imi -
W.A OR AWFORD,
oct I tawnw 8a.o Lo'. .C
9olog 6 hrq os ou .
d ie O1rO~i. l 1~
Dprontos of .every dei ption. N ationl
Ghrolno Co., P1la, .
26a day guanraneed-using our Well
AUger &0 ril' , ii., e nth
, , pis to o nen . ur Book
98Nw,,1v94ted lp'dals. and sU p1mas
awArdda for Uo:1kpz' 4 'sEw .'otq ial
0 dS. 1800 illustrations. Address fbr now
oIrgy a j , Holina . Arbh'
.l) D readingg chomany, faucita
tion,.sbul ohs iyn, mnescrisn, aund
Stlage guide,4how cho. j either dox
mnyifaaeinato and gain the love and n'eo
,H 1y porsoti they. phoose iastantly,
400 pes, by mail b0 ets. Ihant S-0C.,359
S' h troot; Phila.,Pa
$10 to $e00 t*
f'ortun1 . A 72
pango book O titod: "Men, and idioms of
Wall St'eot," oxliaini everything, sent
free. John Hickling-& CO., Bankers and
Brokers, 72 D'dway, Now. York.
THE $50,000 BONANZA
Oinvestedin Wall St.
t TO 0 Inose
noft~o leads to fo,
tune. Full par lozilars sent free. Ad dres
Podleton & head, 65 Wall street, Now
N T agents for the
in-the world. It contais 15 shets paper,
l5envelopes, golden pen, pen holder, pen
oil, patent yard. measure, and a piece of
Jewelry. : ingle packago with elegant prize,
postpnid,.25o. Circular free. Bride & Co.,
BroadWay, Now York.
lar how $10 to $500
invested i stock
privileges, -has paid
Band will pay Luge
bonds, and gold boughit on margins. In.,
torest six per cent allowed on deposits sub
jeot to sight draft. BIuckwolter&Co., Bank
ers and Brokers, No. 10 Wall street, Now
York, P 0 Box 4317.
$50 TO $10,000
has-boon invested in stok privileges and
paid 900 per cent profit. "flow to do it." a
book on Wall street, sent free. Tumbridge
& Co., Bankors and Broker., 2 Wall street,
COUGHS, COLD, IOARSENESS
&ND ALL TlROAT DISE'A ES,
Wells' Carbolic Tablets
PUT UP ONLY IN nI.U5 D ,xEs.
A TI D AN) SURF REMEDY.
Sold ')y DruggistM gonera'ly, and
.Tohnston ollooway -& Co., Philadelphia
AN OUTFIT FREE.
We want same one in every county to take
orders and deliver goods for the old origi
nal V. 0. 1). House. Large cash wages.
splendid chance in overy neighborhood
for the right person of either sex, young or
old. samples, new lists, circulars, teans,
etc., a completo outfit sent free and post
paid. Send for it at once and matme money
at your homes. Address, I J lall & Co., 6
N ifoward street, Baltimore, 'd.
Removed on .september 1st to the spacious
st ore at No. 135 1 esat Fayetto street, where
the proprietor~s will be leased1 to see their
old friendsa and patrons. A couplete stoo?.
of purlo and reliable flommropamthie Medi
Oines as well as Books for Physicians and
family use, constantly k eptin stools orders
por mail promptly attended to. A ddres.
Beime &Tae 135 W~est Fayette street,
BY ANN ELIZA YOUNG,
Brigham Young's rebellious wife. iM-The
only complete Exposo of all the screts of
Brigham's harem ever written. Born in
iMormuonism, A nn Eliza nlow exposes to the
world, as no other woman can, the secrets.
mysteries and crimes of the horrible system
of Polygamy, fromk the very be sinnin.
Nearly 200 illustrations beautify ti a wor~
It is the best soiling book published. 10,
000 more men and women .can have en
ployment and make from $5i to $!0 daily
All live agents are writing for illustrated
ciroulars with large terms. Pent free. Do
not delay, but address D)ustid, Oilman &
Co., liartford Ct., Chicago, Ill., or ''inein
nti, Ohio- oel 23-.w
N EW STOR E.
RO0S E NH ElIM & C 0,,
R ESPECTlFTFULIJy inform 'he pub.
lie in general that t hey have opene(d
Ihe atore foirmerly ocenjried by .). If.
(2at1hc ai I wvhere I hey int end ho co,.dlucL a
general stock of merchiandise, cd'sisui ng of
G R OC~E R I ElS,
13OOTS A N) D nog8,
Falh' andt squara, trealnment ho- eso a and
overy one0 that wall oall on kt
Offico of Cottuly (i ni1o0am-8
I~Nmzsnono, 8. 0, Oet. 15th, 18%,w
SiEA LED proposals will be recelttcd
this ofico for thitt dlays, for thme
e~ron of a tenement hotuso on the poor
house fann of %he ec'unty, said house to
be 10x35, 10 feet in story. The Conmmis..
slonoe Y eserve the rlght to reject anyv and
all I~ aIf, in tholt .judment the injtysrest
of thme eounty require It. Proposals must
h" a''cu"'anied with two or more siml'
sloent suti( Forintornntion as to spool
fikations, ayjily at this onico.
Ih~ ,Do' ...&.
0O8 West of Post Of poa
ESI AN HALL BUILDING.
FAMILY & PL4ATION
LIVERY & SALE
Xlier we constantly keep on
hand i fully supply ofgood
Horses . Mules,
nidrub 2; '
A largo and well selected lot of oholee
- Winos and Liquora of the finest
A lot. of Sugat n, Coffees. and new
Mackorel, the fine"t in town.
A lot of l'ine Dologua Sausage low for
John D. McCarley. '
0I-8 ESE I I
600 LB3M.N. Y Dlairy Cheese,
Fresh, good and warranted to give satis
T wenty cents por lb is all Iask for it.
A large and ecompleto-stook of of
at lowest rates for CASH.4
lii G. Desportes.
SQUIER & CO.
FOR CASH, THAN ANY
H OUSE IN
At 1 persons lhdebted to *20'. 0. Equier
-o., will afind it, to ti49)?nersto otl
it once Tke heed. toeotl
9AGGING C BG4I
B a g g i n g , I N G
BA. GAGI NG,
'harlott, BolumGING, &Aut
aN flog..a Pasedgr chedul
iebern pvr tisoe. h n
esea1rusa beor.2' p las-l
" ine sefuer.p.
"'a h WIe, Eld i *
e hatiotte()ai bla .& angu ,
Chest etloin. Poe 10.go A ydi
Columbin, 8C, , 2.1 08 i'
r e af , *gd ta0
Ge n.Passenger .a1 ok .R. Agn
Oh0 b "t, /av 1o1.&A
Wp 5:ns oa Q, A1 ER l BRIO
x,000 .ds. StaiMla1' . bo e
tio afid BoIkeoagging18
7O0'- 'bundlesi 'Afrtiw it and
sed e Ties.t
G f"Nails, assorted. r
4 dozen Axes. :
A lot of Wooden Ware, Sho,
* ee "Wa'ft'
AT BOTTOM FIGURES
HIVE THE LARGEST AND BEST
STOCK of CROC 1tRY in TOWN,
THE DIET IS THE CUEAPEST.
Go to . them and Save Mo 6
IIFlellllikell & o.
COIL CONGRESS AND WASHINUTON 8T5.
WINNSBORO, S. 0.
A Fopening daily fresh arrivals of
choico goods, coinprising--- ,
Plain anid Fancy Dre'ss Fabric~s, Alpacas)
Flannels, Blarkets and Jeans. Shlirt*.,
Uawors. Hhsiery, Gloves, White'
E~ARGE STOCK of NEW PRiNTS.
CottonFlannels, Linsoya, Cheiojta
* hetings and Shirtings.
Magnificenit arid well assorted
BlOOTS AND SHOESk.
All the newest stvlbA fresh
Val ise , ruliks &ej'
Choia br'and(s of Chbwiu nand.
JDouble Turbine WVatewi WheeI
8arr 4sm 2 s1VQJasesin 'oueaIn
88 8 ~ ~ ~ eoi~ )1Fbe
* J( t~
Gl ff4u RE, Parlor Braokots
FL ieg'tr9+, Framasn, for desi' 1 it
WO t~osa are lb 1ett nd lconrpetitiy
the sam; Jeg ty of du.
rihai A NEW SUPPLY
d> id d(ow Shirdes, low in pri
durdblgeohvonio " t, D tit never got out
order, an l It lo'ngor than any otf
t8 de. tenses, Pictures, Hat.11ud1
rih~tt 'd Lumbar for sale.
O AICPAIltl U.
'Ilffttie neatly repaired at modre.
. xia( ial attention given to the 11
s koi, .opcrtuannt. I keep on lhmuu
fu(4 f Cases and Wood Coilina,.
. "AJitl(fs ARE STRICTLY c.1Ai
fs tept S8,:fy
J7,IAVE now on h a4 a large, and ec
_ I:pldte stook of gdbds, consisting
Boots, Shoes, ilats, Caps, Clothing'
Cassiuora, Joann, Blankots,
anti all Domestio
Which;. we are offering 'at astonishha
Espocial attention called to ots'utoeli
r'Dr s Goods and Shawls,
lcih1 we .jra offering at oxtromoly 1
13l achd HIonepnns, fat 8. 10 and
artiole 1 yard wi'le, at 12,j that
EXCELL ED ANYWHER
WVoekeog on, hand, a full line of lrsyien
:Nptions, Gloves and Ladies
Tires and Ruftf.
Woinyfo $be attention of the publit-to
Whiil we guarantee to sell as low a1 C
be bought in "Columbia" or any mar ,
kot in the "up country."
G?t ;and the "Very Bost" at I
iIAMBURtG Edgings pretty analche~ap
aI. N. WTHEm..
.30OPULARu branads of browa - rd biac
.1 ShC irtingsand S11( heetings can b
had at the atore of
oct 5 I. N. 'WITuERs.
Ooti I. N. W 1ERS.
OODaortmnent of ladie's' Shaw
oct 5 I. N. WITTrER.
.. Wua'~~IHRSi sells the b5I> 2
. Launry i'oap in town for theo mIone
j ( 1CE auoaortano fGontl5335%*~
. h.ie osonm Shirts, Linen and pw
po(r Collars, Ladies Lineni Collas n
Cuffs at No. 3, banik range. aran
LADIE8' and Gentlemecn' under rvest$
.Jll izes and qualities~ chieapt for casth
oct 5 I. N. WITHERS.
M s.iad, durability and prioo,
oc I. N. WITHERS.
rjtuirecst aont of or's i
otet 5 I. N. WrTnyIRq.
TNiIlEMIN' 8crs. 1ion aind bows.
SItn variety at the cheap store,
hei~rW, and( XVool Jeain. folrs onle4
'../tn's suits, very cheap for cash at th
oc & . N. Wax'uITE8.
IBart icia of Chewing Tobaoc and
JCigars at No. 3 banik raltgei.
N Waro, Crookcery Wfro, Knives
FkPocket Knives and Notio4i
inVariety and sold cheapJ by
act-5 L: N'. WnMRpas
Ft~ $VN wat a gota atliab~o le or
y ou can b)e aoo dlated nlowher4
ahat the store of .
L; N.- WITIIERS.
T' I lttie bill mnuco o, e 'o, three,
a~5fr~ ago and p~rornised int 30, 80 90, ,
att TMs 3M paist duo ad woukd be'
grs fy roc'oived how.
t 5 N. Wr~rlE.~
t'~o, S111uff, PIgeS, &
'~~~ tCharlote N~ C.
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