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The Fairfield herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1849-1876, December 01, 1875, Image 1

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EOL . XIWD N ,E E ra t
F t I1l F I1 I 1 ii E 1 "ll U
It, P'1ni.11susu W M:ExLY flr
W I L L A 4 s & . A V I .
7 rts.-'hT III'R tD is publishod 'eik
y in tite 'own of 1t W t-),to, al. 113.00
t. ooria.Ia in ad'v.inei,.
> 1' l r i n et i aft ve-il isentent to be
t'4 I/> IN A1)lVA Nrch.
I) ilo"-ry Notices anl Tributes $1.00
Stain of 'South a(ir6liina --l Ounli y
of FairfleIld.
To Iris Honor T. J. Mackey, Pre
sidi(ng Judge.
. The Grand Jury of Fairfield Coun
Ay, November Term, beg leave to
make the following presentment:
They have examined the County
jail, find it securo. The prisoners
are supplied with good blankets and
wholesome food. There is, however,
an offensive smell up stairs which
the Grand Jury belivo is owing to
a neglect of duty on the part of the
The roads and bridges of the
County are in good condition. The
Grand Jury recommend that the
road leading from Ashford's ferry to
Monti' ello be reopened as it is neces
sary for the convenience of the pub
The Grand Jury have specially
considered the portion of your lHon
or's charge relating to the buyidg of
cotton in the seed at night. No
persons have been reported to them
but there is a universal complaint
throughout the County of the pre
valence of this practice. A groat
deal of cotton is stolen at night and
sold in the day time to avoid suspi
cion. Corn and other growing crops
are also stolen from tho fields.
The Grand Jury believe that, if
this evil is not soon checked agricul
ture cannot be much longer carried
The Grand Jury presents William
i. rrapp's store near Monticello
1 lsa.. C0.
The books of all the Trial Justice*s
have been examined and are found
to be neatly kept. In i ome instances
however, too many witnesses are
sublpom.ed to tst:fy in petty erser,
and too m:ny are bound over to ap
pear at the Court of General Ses
The offices of the Sheriff', Clerk
and Probate Judge are well kept.
The present Sherin, S. W. Ruii, ha1
not recorded his oflicial bond in the
Clerk's office as required by law.
The County Audir's o'Tiee is it
mo. I 'e : f neatness ant ex tctne.,s.
The School Commiiissi1mot's office
presents a favorabole appearaleo.
From his books the Grnnd Jury find
that there are 6,265 children in the
County between the ages of 6 andA
# 16 as shown by the last census, and
of this nmber only 1495 attend
school. TJhe suin of $5,189 50 hats
b~een expended for schiool l~prpose
from Oct..*1st, 1874 to June 30th,
All of the schools have not been
kept openf durinmg the aforesaid time.
Out of $8,000 collected for school
Jiproses the State only allows $3,
90;7 90 for this County about fifty
cents for each scholar.
The Grand .Juruy think that the
money should be kept in the County
and all of our schtools would then
be kept op)en, ellic:ent teta.horvs em
ployed and more schools would be
The County Commissioners office
has been as carefully examined as
time would pelrmlit. The County
tax for the last fiscal year ending
Oct. 31st 1875 was $20,369 96. The
County Commissioners expend(1ed
$20,230 05 of the aforesaid sum
leaving a balance of $139 91.
Under the authority of the Legis
lature approved 13th April, 1875,
and carrying out thio provisions of
Section 10, the County Commission.
ers have estimlatedl the County ex
penses for fiscal year commencing
Nov. 1st 1875' at 512,828 00, which
the Grand Jury think is amply suf
ficient to defray thle same.
Tfhe County Commissioners have
paid all audited claims for the fiscal
year ending Oct 31st, 1875. There
is an outstainding deficiency of $2,
656 86 audited in the County Corn.
missioners office and1 filed in the
Clerks office. This deficiency re.
mains from the former board of
County Commissioners.
-Trhe Treasurer's books balance
with the County Commissioners and
>re Every neatly and systemnati
cally kept. He shows that lie has
paid out during the fiscal year 1874.
75*5,971 80 to defray the past in
debtednoss of the County. Under an
.act of the Legislature approved 10th
March 1875, the County Commis
sioners are authoriz~ed to levy and
collect a secial tax of one and one
half mills topythe past indebtede
noss of the Oouniv
Upon consulting with the County
Treasurer and County Commissiou
ers and examining their books the
Grand Jury believe that a tax
of one mill on the taxable property
of the County will be amply sutli
cient to pay all past claims that may
be presented the present fiscal year.
They therefore recommend that your
Honor enjoin the Treasurer from
collecting more than one mill.
A committee was appointed to
examine the Poor House. They re
port the inmates well taken care of
-satisfied with their treatment and
the pomisOs neatly kept.
The Grand Jury recommend that
the petition of Jno. P. Elkin of
Alston for a renewal of his retail
liquor license be granted.
In conclusion the Grand Jury re
turn thanks to your Honor for the
able and patient manner in which
you have 'aided and in itructed them
in the discharge of their duties, and
recommend to the General Assembly
of this State your Honor's re elec
tion as Judge of the sixth circuit.
Respectflly submitted.
-The crop reports of the Georgia
State Agricultural Department are
instructive documents. Mr. Janes,
the abl and efficient Commissioner,
says in his September report, on the
waste of manures:
It is a matter of some surprise,
that only/iftecn per cent of the far
mners of Georgia save, under swhelter,
the manure from their stock. This
is a record of deliberate and unpar
onable waste. Animal manures ex
posed to the leaching effects of rain,
md the evaporation of the sun, loso
I large portion of their soluble
plant food. Experiment shows that
iaoarly one-half the value of animal
nanures is lost by such exposure.
Farmers will consult economy by
shltering all the manure saved on
their farms. In composting manures
that may have been exposed, it will
be necessary to use imore conreontra
bcd malitelial to supply the waste
tims occasioned. In composting
mch manures, at least six hundred
pounds of acid phosphate, and fifty
piounds of sulphate of ununoni'a
Should should be used to the ton, or
mix hundred pounds of an vuun,
.iated superphosphate, compost.ed
with one thousand four hundred
L)ounds of manure and cotton seeds.
How a Wornan Iaado a Fortuno
Six years ago Mcs. Mary Ahart
was living in a little tent on the
edge of town. Her whole worldly
possessions consisted of this
ten t. a straw bed, twci or three box.es
Wt ich served as chairs and ta I. h,
a hrtle seven or e,ght-yeamr old girt,
1114d tWo) VOW a nd (:d!vCs. She sold
ti e spare milk of tlese two cows,
U a ying it. a: ounm'l town with :a tin j
oil, :md~ I w itA tho product, atd from
.Vurk which she 'il for her neighm
h >r'S, s1p1)rOtel h ! and eii.
When she could get 83 oe :;5 :mhe:ad
she w.Itd luiy aniotiher calf or yearl
ing. It is not our1 pulrpose, adds
the .Sen tine!, to tracue her progress
'ip to) the present time minutely,
b~ut tho result is she now, in less
t'1anI sevent yeau m, has sev'eral hun
dred heitd of cauttle, a tine farm withm
nice buildings and imuprovements, a
comfor table, oven luxuriant home
nd, instead of carrying milk arouind
by hand, rides in her own carriaige.
uecr daughter is a young lady, edu
"ated andi aLccomlflishe~d, T1o-ty
s. Ahiart's property is valued at
froum $40,000 to $5,000. And she
has mamde it all by haoet id stry
and good muanagement. And sliel
has made it all by honest industry
atnd good mniagemenmt. Sue ha's
had no outside help. She never had
a government contract or fell heir to
Lty property.
A Boston papei)r says : W~e have
just palid six cents postage on am
postail c'ard sent us because the
s -nder' had thoughtlessly written a
date on the side designmed for the
address alone. iPaisting anly pr'inted
or writen matter on either faice of
thme card subjects it to double letter
p'stage. The directions are ex.
plicit that nothing but the. name
and address must be written on one
sidle of thme card, mnd that nothing
must be attached to the other, any
G. Wiley Wells, the only Republ.
h can Congressman elected from
Mississippi, cannoVt be called ani ad
ministratiomi man., It was lie who
nmad1e thme charge that Gov. Ames in
stigatedl the Vicksbuirg riot on the
ground that the "blood of twenty or
thirty negroes would be a good thing
for the Republican party." Gv
Ames has never denied that charg
yet, although lie has epsedan
intention to do so. He is not likely
to find too much comfort in Mr.
WVells' election.
J, H. Camp, whose farm is two and
a half miles above Rome, on the
Etowah river, Georgia, made 80
bales of cotton this season on 42
acres, 30 acres of which made a bale
to the acre, Hie also made 38 bush
els of corn to the acre on 40 acres,
and 24 bushels of wheat to the acre.
The on.y fertiliger he ised was barn.
iaauro procedi 01hs w
[New Orloans Cor. Chicogo Tim'e.)
Fifteen years ago the n:une of
Paul Morphy, the famona chess
player, was as familiar as household
words in almost ovory portion of the
civilized world. He was a lion in
his day, anid no mistake, and for a
young mac-ho was not over twenty
then-he made considorbe:do noi.e.
For a twelve month he wis a sen
sation, and then passed away from
public notice and famile as suddenly
as he had risen to those giddy
Among those who recollect the
brilliant caroer of the groat chess
king, there are very few who could
toll you anything about his existence
duri:ig the past ten years, or, indeed,
whether he lives or is dead.
But it is safo to assume that the
revival of the subject here will lrovo
a matter of much interest to thous
ands, for althoug Morphy dropped
from the world's view many years
ago he has not by any means been
forgotten ; and the very mention of
his namo, almost anywhere, will suf
fice to awaken a curious desiro to
know what has become of him, a.nd
what has been his history since he
resigned his crown in the domain of
With the wonderful and dazzing
career of Morphy in 1859 and 1860
all muon are familiiar. What led to it
will here be recited . He was born
in New Orleans in 1840, of a Creole
fanily, rich and respected. When a
mere had he evinced an aptitude for
chess, and in six months after playing
his first game lie developo 1 into a
marvelous player. He not only
beat his father and his teachers, but
vanquished the best chess player in
t1 e city, and in three months more
had so progressed that among the
ru.ost skillful players at the game in
New Orle.ms-.-and there were many
good one.) here-none c:mid ovon
apprnUte'hhl im.
At this time his famo had traveled
nlot only to the North in his own
[ountry, but to Europe, and then
his star began to rise until it became
brightly conspicuous on two conti
nents. His entrance upon the life
of a tpublic chess -player was eftootod
against the remonstrances of his
pm cts nd his kindred, who saw
something ignoble in the public
parade of young Morphy's talents,
end the cultivation of the notoriety
wh.i h woids neecisarily foil lw. But
Paul was chmarmied t at tie prospect of
htvcoing frmous, and no argronnt
could turn him fiomn the course upon
which lie had F et his saul. So he
banie gret, bat it will be lecreait.er
seen, that as the puire of his fame
was his fauiily's sorrow, it c me
so him in after years and mnic him
1 mrorbid, mi-ai-holy maun. 10 bums
t last redu'c d hi ii to a mental
wree*k, a-nl be is now :a iimate of a
: ivd le amsy.u:m, wncere he has resided
rc the past i hree ioith.ls, and
wiwne1e he wiU hiperhotlp never
imnerge alive, as he is c.onsid'eed to
be hopelessly insan.. When Mor
phiy returnedl fromn Europ)e in 1860
mfier hi~s magnificent triumphs there,
it wvas not as8 a colquter~ ii that lie
came, but as a mau who, having
taLsted thme fruits of glory, hais found
them bitter in the end, and diagnst
e-l with imself and niaukind, re
solves to eachxow the world and( ift I
people1 forever. This wams Morphy's
condlition of mlind( when he caimie back
to his New Oili ne lhome in 180),
mand then was seen the first y leami of
his uafter sorrow, wich reproached
him for having grieved is family,
and wvhich 5(ttle I upon and re
fmainled with him ever after.
From tihe hour of his an ival hbore
he declared he hamd donIe with chmess
for the rest of his lieo, and lie notl
only vowved never to play or look
upon01 a chmess board more, but lhe
lxpre3ssly enjoined npan all whoe
knew him to never allnde to thme sub
ject of che in his presenice, save
under pain of his severest displeas
tire. It camoe to be generally uin
deotood that he had thus set his
face against what once been his
chief tAmbition, bcaulse to its induil
gence he charged not only a remorse
fuil feeling at having crossod( the
wtishes of his~ parenuts, but likewise
the forfeiture of billihiant businiess
prospects. At adl events, lie do
spiised chess as mucth as lie hod
on1ce loved1 it, and lie steadfastly
refused to mingle in the world be.
yonld the contines of his own kin.
dIred. Thus he lived it sechtdod and
morbid existee here until the out
break of the late wvar, when, in coin
}anly with several members of his
amily lie wont abroad,
In 1806 lie returned to New Or.
loans, and renewed his life here
under the samio conlditions which
had prevailed before his departtire,
save pernhaps that he was more re
tired than ever,-- Still lie was a con
spicuona character, although no one
excep~t his mother could lay claim to!
his friendship or his notice. HisI
daily routine of existence involved a
w'alk on Canal street every morning,
where his dapper little figare-al
ways scrupulously well dressed-'
became as well-known and as regu
Jarly looked for as the noonday bell.
After his daily promenade lie retired'
from publio ie ntil evening, when1
hhri asi. bet va miae&
nlight. It is further roated thit
during themo thero years he permit
ted no friendly aequaintane'; he was
never known to associate with any
body but his mother, and persistent
ly repelled advance.i from those,
who, having boon fiiends of his early
youth, desired to renow their nsso
ciations. Ho lived a strange life, a
stiange, moody, and peculiarly
mournful man.
Twelve months ago, he hogan to
show the first positive symptoins of
a bi oaking down of his montal fa
cultics, and he' soon manifested such
occentricities of dispositionm in pub
lic life that his mother begn to be
UllmLppily alarm o.I about hun.
This cincorn, as it provel was not
without warrant. He continued to
manifont increased symptoms of
mental aberration, and after vainly
striving to battle with the inevitable,
his mother sadly roo.gniz.d the
fact that her son was insane, and
threo months ago, as already roeited
in this article, he was; placed in an
It is a sad sequel to a his tory
whose pages were once aglow with
a world's admiring plaudits, and
there are many in both this country
andi in Europe, who will invest thi
knowledge here conveyed with a
tender interest, and with is revive
the recollections of a in m i ), in
Ins time, was famous far beyond the
common lot of mortality.
State Tax Union.
Tis body met last Wednesday in
the hall of the Richland Rifle Club.
After an address from the President,
General Chesnut, a report was sub
mitted by Major Hamilton.
Judge Aldrich, or Barnwell sub
mittup preamble and resolutions
Looking to determined actions in
iamse the General Assembly passed a
tax bill above the sum (viz., one por
'ent.) which Governor Chamb' lain
is understood to have said is amply
snilicient for the support of the
government without detriment to
the public interests. After pro
tlacted discussion, the following
mibst itto was offered by Major
Hamilton :
Resolved, That this State Tax
Union does hereby call upon the
)uunties in the State to se!cct d ilo
pateo from each ceu'ity, in ni-bers
iccording to its reprecsona tti.n in
the lower house of the General
ti s s m b I y , to ba assem
t/.ed in genlertu convention in Co
hunbia ou the su!icond T1ueSdly in
D)oc ember, e t 7 P. mi., for th:e inn
o0so of mi-giing thit the L:islautooe
t'iopt the recolnnt lidat iOnsf c1:1n-I
md.'( in the vete leO ..4go) of I;
a crellency } the Goevernor, and t!3
n:ider any n1eLtt.ers tone(hing the
emitl we'iere of ihe ftate.
laY w/adr, ThaImt the PIi-lent.(: jof
iis 'a',ix Unioin do isue thi'(-. cal
bui.:'111 tle nl n os, w! Il lan
.uress fv n, m. l.himself, rtaingi~ ii~s
um )'s uniall nonossayl}.
CL:o siubtitu':o was adonted.
( 'h/.Ir itr
The r- .u U'u..,/ourmd
;yA, that the rui oaud conveiition
.hih iet m.at St. Luis yet erday
nlih be of more inipo'rt:mee to the
'outh than all other bodies wh'iichi
1:v71 assem~led( s'neet the war' if it is
tlie to unite upon a simple and efl1
'oecor:m pln for connecting our1
~roken down system of Souther n
.: iroadis with a t.oan-~oni unntal
ighway to the Pacific. Onr sole
lope ini :he South for miaterialI de
7elopmu~enlt re:t s up)on this Iirst step)
to)wardsl thme r'econfstructin of our
dabatrod inldustmios. We are not
yet on our feot uniless tihe Govern
neunt helps us. It was tile Govern
nEnit that des.troyadl us, and4 it must
be the Governng nt that makes us
vhlol again.--Charleotte Observer.
A singular suit over a "r .ised'
'heck has just been decidod in New
York. A genuine check for $24 on
~ho Soeurity' Bank wais some t 3me
ago given in chan~ige by a storekeep
or for a $10:) bill. Saubseq'ienitly the
sheck~ w~as rais(31 to $!,222 5i5, and
Shle ondorsoenit altere. 1. Th'em 1hold
r then purchaii:sed gol for the check
>f a WVall street firm, after the lat
Ler hlad sent it to tihe Security Bank,
which certified it. Suibscqnoutly the
sameo bank paid tile amount to thme
Nationial Ruik of the Repnblic,
which hatd thme chieek, but11 finding ouit
that the check was a forgery applied
to time latter bank for the dlifferenlco
which was refused. The Mcoonmrity
Bank the~reuplon brought suit against
the Bank of the Republic, and the
court direetod a verdict to be enter
od for the phrintiff of $5,B02 60,
which mi prob)1ably includes the
costs of tihe suit.
Bad seed sO1oieiO nbings forth
good fruit, as was showvn by a case
before a court in Now-v york on
Monday..'A man namedVanWy'ck siued
one0 Allen for cabbages wh) ich he
might have raised hlad the seeod
furnished b7y time defendant boon
good. Tile jury awarded Van Wyck
$2,000 damages.
Oxenateini did wrong 'in calling
his attention to the fact that thme
world is badly governed. E~ver
since that it has been nothing but
grumble, grumble, grumble, until
now a decent man has to be connec
ted with a ohurahi, a railroad compa
nyabanlking institution, or soie.
g-ofthuai't, before Ije eiga
stea an berespected.
The Bootblck's Story
When a dozen newsboys and boot
blacks had collected on the Custom
House stairs yesterday, and when
each on0 had grown tiro:l of jaw
breakers and. popcorn balls, "Little
English" ronurked:
"Sprasen Jim Cocoanut tells us a
"Sposen," remarke-L all the others
"Vell, gen tleuen," remarked Jim
after a few digs at his head, "I will
tell you a true story about a girl.
Her n:uno was Marior, and sho had
yaller hair, blue eyes, small foot,
and she was worth a million dol
"Ii stamps ?" asked Cross Eyed
"In clean cash, right in the sa
vings bank," ailnswore I Jim. "This
girl was an orplian, with no one to
boss her around, and if she wanted
to be out til 0leven o'clock at night
she could. There were piles of fel
lers after her to ma-irry her, but she
stuck upl her noso at the hull
"WhTllt fur ?" afXV iousy incluired
Fire-eracke r Tom.
"Wliat fur ? Why, she knew they
loved her money instead of herself.
S5e wanltel som0e one to love her
Larne siy indl like gosh. Well, one
i.y when She was going down to
"1k Post Ollice to s,10 if theie wiu,
try m.uil, a1 rnawa1fiLi.y hiorso caie
dong. M:u-ior fainted away and
y:it down in the road, and she'd
lave beon )r)kefl all to pieces if it
hadn't bean for ia bootblack 'bout
iy size. lie pu1lled0 her into a
shooting gallery, brought her too,
mnd then hired a hull omnibus and
Look her home."
"And they fell in love and were
inally ni:rridd," remarked Suspen
lor Johnson.
"No, my fellow-ccrnt ymne," Sad
1ly replied Jim ; "g. 1 him ten
ents !"
"And is that all 9" exclaimed three
r four voices.
"All she gave him, and that turn
d out to be counterfeit !"
There was a long period of
nilonce, and then Cocoanut Jim
on;inued :
"Which is a lesson to us never to
nary a girl worth a million dollars.
"And we never shall !" they
solemnly replied.-,Detroi .PtI
'.HEl 1Iiss1Nol E.all~ -
vho was in Auguisti on Sudflay last,
imid who represented hitmself as Jar,
PWtnm-, thIea'bseiming enino. of
)v "E'W: l Cat" t; atin, n lij' causeod
;!h) r''ceit ac'ci.de1. on ie C'ia lutte
mI-d Angse Rlroad, Iii ns out to
>0 a:nr i)m iuier. T41'0 r:ilroadll oli
b<: Sy th: th'.' are ex an xiomus to
imi the real Fe I ner as any body,
. are l ying all. i' lheir p nyer to
t"! the I fi ' 'S of j:u;t i--e if Sec uring t
.m H reidess-ne;,. will cort Ltem
t; least E0,000. end imder all ti e
ircuimstiam Es of tihe came, they are of
)pilniol that he sbi hl be madei n
m:iuple of. Mr. Dishman, one of
hop lrasenge-: i who wats sOeen-y inl
u ed, ha.s ceupt e l the offer of two
housand M.dd..rLis fron the coepany
ni full iset tienmnt of is claimii againsti~
t for daimn'ges.
Col rthpIOndenco,
The following c'orrespondone10
nav b)e of ii est t o 0our reader.
[t crcLiuly w~ill b)e to the friends of
Lhe parties nmaimed:
Gm:xsvILu:, S. C, Oct 1, 1875.
Mr'. L. D. Piisbury, Su~porinten
lent Albanyu Pen'liten tiary :Deirj
Sir'-Will you be kind enough to in
ormn mo4 how mniy pr-iners you
low~ havie in the penitenltiary from
liiut~h Car olina, anid for what oflense
ire they imprisoned ? If any sol
liers leasei s4tato.
Very r'espectfuilly, your obedient
leivant, -JT. 13. FEIltUSONi.
A nn m, N. Y., Oct 30, 1875.
T. B. Forgusoni, Esq.,--Si-In
inswer to you11s of thle 2-Th imk ant,
[ give you bolOW the nameslO of five
conivietH, who are colineld hl0e tor
minra]Icy, from Saiuth Caroinmi.
late of their r'e:apion, senltonce,
lizith, condR uet, and( oxp)iratin of
sentence. This is giving thieml tile
bonenit Of theO commutationl law
psso'l hoe lat Wiuieor for good
June 12, 1872--Pinekoey COdd.
well, York Coi., 10) years, 51,000t line,
homalth good, condlmctgood, timo emx
p~iies N ov. 1, 1878.
June 12, 1872-Willam Smith,
Gaston Co., N. C., 10) y':m s, $].1,000
fino, health good, conduc(t good,
Doc. '2i, 1872-.>-ltobert Moore,
York (Co:, 5 yearsm, heal th poodi, con
duet good, time expires' July 19,
Dec. 28, 1872-H-losea Mathias,
Union Co., 5 years, health good, con
duct good, time expires July 19,
Juno 15, 1872--John~ Wallace,
York Co., 8 years, health very poor,
is quite low with consumnption, timo
expires Aug. 0th, 1878.
Thiis is probably whlat you wanit
for your purpose.
Yours tuy
per Aug. H,. Bowers, Clerk,
(Gdreernvitte News..
Port IRoyaI is to be maade the~
oblof gava etfatio of th ot
Atlando dae
The L acertainty o' Old Land
The Now York 'Tribune derives
from the American Land Review
the history of a case illustrating
this subject, which we condense ias
follows: About sixteen years ago, a
Mr. Ingalls owned real estate in
that portion of Boston which was
subsequently biurned by the great
tire of conparati rely .ecent occur
rence. His father bad loft it to him
by wiil, first giving his mother a life
interost in, which t orminated on
1845. By his will the father als,
gave his two npel)iowsi, named Jon es
legacies of $25,000 each, but before
his death lost all his property ex
c(1pt this real estate, and the legacies
were never paid.* There being no
liraitationi in Massachuaisetts to the
time in which suit may be brought
for the recovery of a legacy, the
Jo1eOHs sued in 1860 for tneirs, and
re:-o)vered pr11 icpal and inlterest,
t.henj amounting to $143,000. The
re-di ostate was sold undor. this judg
mnmt (the claim of Ingalls, the heir
at law, being decided by the court
to ho inferior to thatof the legatees,)
brought $8,000 less than enough to
satisfy it, and was i.urclu.sed by the
Jfonessc as an 'investimient of their
legacy. They were just fairly in
pl)ssession when John Rodgers
brought suit for the property on
the groundl that the person who
owned it in 1750 willed it to his
brother, "if he shall die without
issue." That the brother hid a
daunghter, and she a daughter,
th:rougih whomli the property passed
ultituately by sale to Ingalls, and.
that the phrase qluotedl necessitated
a ('onstructi-m of the will of 1850,
shichm would give the property to the
tostator's heir at law, Peter Rogers,
the father of John, the present
litigant. The courts sustained
Rgers' claim, and he ousted the
.Jameses. Then a young lawyer
looked further back into tho chain
of title, and found th .t the proper
ty was sold in 1710, but the deed
did not contain the usual "and1 to
his heirs," and consequently the
property should l,,vo reverted at
the purchaser's death to the reller
and his hoirs. '1 h .se heirs were
hunted up, their title hn.a it by i
real esb- F, oiiertt, ai).l tho p
ty rec'o'-ere1 by him, and alter the
gro it flre swept over it lie bought.
an i ljoining lot and elceted upon
the property thus enlarged, large
stores. I;itm in the montime Ingalls
who was u&.te-l by the Joneses, set
hi usef to diggingr in a mine ich
had proved so fruitful. and tracing
Ole chain a little furtbor back, lie
foand that the property had ben
o,vnetl in 1860 by hislineal ancestor
(wioso heir at law he now was,)
and willed on condition that it
siould never be built upon, and that
tho building of the now store
viti:ttod the will and imado him the
leg.d owner again of the property,
and a far richer man than lie was
c.:se teaeims two trtuths ; that truth
is oftIli m:re imnpirobaible than fiction;
aid that one can not he too careful
in verifying the validity of every link
in the chain of their title to real
estate. South Carolina and most
of the States, however, have at soe i
period enacted statutes to give title
by the individual possession for a
term of yearms, which would, we
prlcot:-ne, heal such imperfections
an-1 uncertainties as must, is wvould
seem, still exist in Mssachmusetts
The colore &KItin the Nava
Aca~demy, Henry E. Baker Jr., fi cm
Mississipi, was dlismissed from the
acadlemy last wveek by the secretary
oif thoe navy, at the reqnest of the
supe)rinltendent. Th'is~ cadet has oc
cai~Monedl con sider'able trouble since
his 'entrance, more than a yea~r ago,'
iito the naval school. Numbers of
his ehitsmates andl othel s at the
sMhool have,' been rep)orteJ, and seve
ral eveni dismissed,. for molesting or
troub~ing him in various ways, but
thet hypothesis that he was only an
inn.cnt victim of inprovoked ag
gosHsions is proven. unmtenable by the
cmcurient tostimnony of his class,
aind by', the rep1ort of ai hoard of in
quliry in iregard to the latest difficul
ty ini which his name appears. It
wasC cleirly shown before the board
that Baker used, on the occasiion re
forre0.1 to, lanigua~go too gross for'
publ1ication amid totally inocxcuisale
andic this fIng'rant broachm of decon*v,
coup~ed wi th the prev'ious aceumula
tioni of minor offenses which lie has
comii tted, induced the superinton.
dlent to request his dismissal.
TIIuEAGuEr' Uicor IN -ruEnO,
---The hay crop of tile United States
for the last year is reported to be
over 27.000,000 tone, cured, This
at $20 per ton), is about flvo liiimdrod
and forty million dollarm. The value
of ainim ls sinughtered for food in
that year was $306,000,000. The
butter crop wasi $614,000,000. This
all came from grass, There was
produced 235,000,000 gallons of
milk, worth $215,000,000. This, too,
came from grass. Next 53,000,000
pounds of cheese, worth $5,000,000,
next 100,000,000 pounds of wool
worth $80,000,000, Putt all this to
gother and the grass crop of 1874
of the United States was no losa
than ?1L423,000,000. The total dabt
noe of the Unit.oil States was 52,447,.
541,627. In .Ather words, tie g c.a
or6p of the Unital S tats canl
ofe natQindobti two years
Governor Chamberlain, on Mon
day, sent the following message to
the Legislature relative to the death
of Vice-President Wilson :
Ge,. Necmen qf the Senate and lfouse
of Representaitues : The country is
saddened by fiho news of the death
of the Vice President of the United
Sttes. Henry Wilson died at the
National Capitol on tho morning of
yesterday, the 22dinstant, at the ago
of sixty-threo.
He was the child of extreme pov
orty, yet, undor the generous influ
ences of our free government, ho
rose to the highest honors of the
nation. He was a man of deep con
victions, an ardent iriend of univer
sal froodom Iiand universal suffrage,
devoted to the hoior and famo of his
Born in poverty, his rapid changes
of fortune brought him only the
moderate support of his ofli'cial sala
ries, and he died rich only in the
gratitude and praises of his country
men. his last days were made
doubly illustrious by his earnest ad
vocacy and porfeet exemplification
of integrity in oflicial station, and
by his offortV to reRtore peace antl
prosperity, with justice and freedom,
to this section of our country. His
death at this timo is a national ca
lunity. His mamary deserves the
honors of all who lovo freedom, or
respect public virtue. He said to
me at Lexington, in April last, "How
I would. like to come down and help
South Carolina celebrate the battle
of Camden or King's Mountain, and
if God spares me, I will."
Alas I that God hae not spared
him. But his great example of
patriotism, broad as his whole coun
try, of fidelity inl victory as well as
in defeat, will be among the imper.
ishable treasures of tile Republic.
I respectfully recommend to the
Gon iral Assembly that suitable
notiiceo be taken of *le death of the
vice-Presiden t.
Very rec.metfully,
D. II. C....:u:RIAIN, Governor.
movement is afoot to assemble a
l;rgo number of the soldiers of the
attle war in Phiilado.lphia vomntime
during the Centennial. It is nro
poseld to have the Northern and
Su thorn armies represented by
their loading gencrals,;and thousands
of the rank and file from every State.
The purpoei is to show the world,
by a gran d and impressive domon
ration, that the mon who were in
arms against each other a few years
ago, are now united in the celebra
tion of the one hundreth birthday of
their country, and are inspired by a
spirit of patriotism and a fooling of
common nationality.
A Texas Judge is eredited with
the following decision :"The fact
is, Jones, the jail is an old, rickety
affir, as cold as an iron kedge.
You applied to this court for a
release on bail, giving it as your
opinion that you would freeze to
death. there. The weather has not
mioderiecx, aind to keep) yon from
freezing I will direct the Sheriff to
hlang you at 4 o'clock this after
Tinik of the President of the
Unitecd States implicated ill whisky
ring rob~bers of tile treasury, which
enabled the 1th ieves-inchl ding his~
eciellncy-to divide $75,000 a
wooek ! Sh-ades of Washington, Jef
ferson and Jackosoni ! Does not the
last grave-worm that fed oni your
noblo1 corpson, writhe wi th inidignla
tion andl dligust, at time degradation
of thle oflico which ye once made
glorious 1---ligh/ Sentinel
Ini tile powcet of a mantI wh'lo was
killed wihile drunk inl a Cinicininati
gaimblling house was fonnd the fol
lowing memfloran~dum : "Took my
last spree May the 18, 1875. Five
rules from this dato. First-Is
never to oat but three meals a day.
Second--Is noveor to eat anything
betwoon nmals. Third--Is to eat
as little as I ennm every meal. Fourth
-Is never t > dlrink any kind of in
toxicating drinks. Fifth--Is never
to use any tobacco."
An Iowa father was going to cut
his boy's nosre ofl because the child
"snulod" at the dinner table, but an
older son smashed a c'hair over the
father's head and gave him all the
business he could attend to.
On Friday afternoon last, about
4 o'clock, the gin house of Mr. Wil
liamn Moody, inl M~arion, was burned
containing about twventy bales of
cotton atnd about five hundred
bushlls cotton seed, besides a first
rate gin.
The crown pi in('e of Germany has
onie of the miosft frank and symplla
thetic' enunitenahees to be seen in
thme whole Ofmphmo. IE intellect he
rankcs hetwieen a. hotel and .Bis,
There was taken out of dead let
trduig hefiscal year thea
tonishingly large sum of,$3,500,000.
All of this was I-eturned to its
owners with the exception ofi
$400,000, ______
OffIl--i retuins for the past nine
crealf's in~ 'I -me .r'l ftofi

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