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The Fairfield herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1849-1876, December 22, 1875, Image 1

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VOL. XL] --W'NNSBOR= - C - M ) .
* VO. XI] WNNSBROS. C.. WEDNESDAY MORN1NG, D)ECEMBER 22, 1875.
THE
F1 I R I E 1E 11L D
I4 PUfiI.IStIID w K r.Y flY
W fI L L IA S & DA V IS.
ormn.s.-T he ///:1{ r1,0 is puhtinheod W ee k
y in the'own of Winnsbor-o, at $3.00
t. ariavu'y in advance.
SAll lt-isiet ndverthernents to be
r. 1l IN AI U V. NCRC.
Onlunry Noticos and Tributes $1.00
per a quaro.
OUTLA WS,
CAPTURE O A )EHPEItATE BAND OP RAIL
ROAD ROlOI3sR IN NOl'!'H! CARIOLINA,
NEAR TILE 8CUNE OF TIlE I.OWElIY DEVIL
TRIEss
3 or two years pat oeeasional
robberies have occurrol on local
freight trains on the Wi1mington,
Columbia and AngustL railroad
bound south from Wihnington, and
they have generally occurred in
.farion county, South Carolina, from I
seventy-five to one hundred miles
south of Wilmington. Recently the
two railroad warehousies at Marion
wore burned, With their content,
entailing the loss to the company of
i large amount of money, and the
fire was undoubtedly incendiary. In
addition to this, there have been e
asional instances whore attempts have
boon made to ibstruet the track for
the purpose of throwing off freight
cars, the passenger trains which
carry the mails never having
been molested. It was known that
at gang of outlaws and desperadoosi
inhabited a settlement in the Po
:Dee Swamps, and the conclusion
thor nf th morgadthes. crso
Last Thursday night a local
freight train was robbed by parties
w ho mainaged1 to secrete themselves
on the cars at Marion, and after
wards succeeded in breakin into
the cars while in eotion. Thins don,
they threw out such freight as they
could hand, while the train was
passing slowly over trestlework, and
then jumped after it. Information
of the fact was received hero early
the next morning, and thr ofiicers of
uthe road at onc instituted active
meatsures: for the detection rad
punishment of the ofendurs. The
special agent of the road was telo
graphed for, and he at once went to
work. It was not long before he
had succeeded in getting on thu
track of tho thievs and the goods,
and the robbery was traced to a
tgang of negro thieves, who were lo
catedm near the Giison plantation,
about one and it half miles south' of
Pee Dec. The agent worked up hile
necessary evidence and then applied'
for the aid of the law, which was
promptly furnished, and warrants
were issued and placed in the hands
of proper oilicers. It was then
found by the ag ent that it would be!
necessary to call for asmistance from i
points remloto from the scene of!I
operations, as the swamps were fll
of sympath otizers with the gang, who
hd tainspied svquch ietlya a terror in the
minds of the white inhabitants that
no aid could be looked for froic them.
mingfotabth aboute a w enL y -i
housaes an hedectorind e, allm
wegto ell arercuiter, erote shops.
of theronedand the inthes city,
1nd alp rpared hmfra whomnces
All taregniromeno de law weroo
andorpie wimth.. Ab fotidniightth
trroin tpped neryighborhoot s poind
known aos Whiter Hosga ind thbe
on cotout in mile Can,'daihl by
thei scene bordoeraon. Haro. Onle
houes of the sobdlsperands s
0y surroudd and thnte wabcuerhe
ourt eofte, forn.le su whom
lndtake t'umoariai, and tamolne,
1itse wer sapi'i to belseveral oto-~1
teroar inv~Ie ~i the nihoodaseidL
gth aos thLor gangiral Rob'
io cuty (iXo.'lt Ca., which, by
thne way, borders onhi Mltarin Oly
onde1un of the baderwakng can
could nohe fdi~ond. wHei is satd
tbma ther motfarful oundred inesh
en'tre G101 ith tGang. faile, er
affirll wh~fich withlnn cal o. thos
Pop~ue, oft Angt.ic coqatone
teWihninto n Chrleston nlAy
agn, seth. mo staiby ar-I
ranedbea and bxecutd knn l'heo
Rdino t etr Teanelia Tah
addingof thmei unotdetkn canm'
min e upn.rtodIh it psbledh
that liheo ae ll onectnded dit
poerthodonit teirofmiins, re-u
heitinks lot itil tat suf ahs
cocatod would oight--exitir beo
be libe trand froa inere. ou
A Bloody Blot.
By Telegropli to i d New and Courier.
VcKaUnRG, December 14.-A riot
is reported at Rolling Fork, thirty
five miles above this point, growing
out of an attempt of the negroes to
rescue a prisoner. Seven negroes,
including the two leaders of the riot
were killed. The difficulty origina
ted as follows: On Saturday night
November 27th, a party of negroes
assembled at the village and were
drinking and carousing. One of
then pushed against a youth, whom
he met in the street, using rough
l:atlguage. At the same time the
youth drew a knife and inflicted a
scalp wound oni the negro j he then
fled to a store for safety. The
negroes became very much exaspora
ted, and avowed vengeance. A war
rant was obtained for tho youth,
charging him with assault- wth in
tont to kill, but before it cotikTbe 1
served the negroes broko into the
store and beat the young lad severo
ly with an iron bar. Finally one of
the party shot the boy in the thigh.
At the report of the pistol the
negroes ran, but the whites had be
gun to assemble, and fearing a
general riot pursued and captured
ten of them and put them m1 the
stationhouse, placing a guard over
them. During the night one of
the guard not upon duty came out
on the porch with a gun on his,
:.houlcler ind was ordered away by
the sentinel on duty. As he turned,
his gun, which was cocked, struck
against the window t.nd was dir
charged. The negro prisoners
thinking that they were being fired
upon, stampoded and the guard
opened up an indiscriminate firing,
wounding two of their own number
and two negroes, all slightly, but
the prisoners escaped. On Sunday
the most inten e excitement pre
vaailed there, as it was learned that
Noah Parker and Arthur Brooks,
two notorious negroes, were trying
to orgainize the negroes for an as
sault on the place, and the whites
were organized under the Rev. Mr.
Ball, a Baptist minister, who ar
rested Brooks and Parker, and in
the attempt to rescue them the
rencontre reported -last night oc
ourred.
31(.1 We Humi'l, 1an to Meet.
The man who gruts and gasps as
he gobbles up the soup. and at every
other mouth ful seems threatenedl
with a coliking lit.
The man rwho, having by accilent
been (nee thrown into your compa
ny, makes bold to b.twl your name
ouit, andl to sihake your hand profuse
ly when you pass him in the street.
The m1:m who artfully provokes
you to play a game of billiards with
him, and, though he feigns to be
a novice, pro-luces his own chalk.
The mIan who can't sit at your
table on any set occasion without
getting on his legs to propose some
stupid toast.
The man who, thinking you are
musical, bores -you with his notions
on the nusic of the future, of which
you know as little as of the music of
the spheres.
The man who wears a white hat
in winter and smokes a pipe when
walking, and accosts you as "old
fellow" just as you are hoping to
make a good impression on soe
wvell dressed lady friends.
Thme man whio, knowing that your
dloetor faces hinm at the table, turns
thme talk so as to sct him talking
doctor's shop.
Thme man who, with a look of
urgent business, when you are in a
hurry, takes you by the button-hole
to tell you a bad joke.
Thme man who, sitting just behind
you at the opera, destroys half your
enjoyment by humnming the air.
The man whlo makces remarks on
your personal adornment, asks you
wvhcre you buy your waistcoats, and
what you paid for your dIress boots.
SThe man whmo lards his talk with
little scraps of French and German
after his return from a Continental
Thme man w~ho spoils your' pleasure
in seeing a no0w play by applauding
in wrong places, and muttering in
stage whispers his comments on the
plot.
And, to finish with, the man wvho,
wvhen you draw back slightly to ap..
precinlto a picture, coolly comes and
stands in front of you, and ,then re
eding, treads uponi your toes.
London Punch.
Tus WINE.--At a Kentucky din
nor, and between the sherry and
chmmpagnte, to wvhich period the
en~fant terrible dof the family had
bee mcim fortunately periitted to
linger, the host had gone to prais
ing his own wine in~ a fagbmion which
wvas codrtatinly'i .evideic. $i its in.
toxicatinig qualities : "That sherry,
sir, cost .no sixty dollars a dozei. I~
bought it at the auction of the Emr-'
peror Napoleon's wines, andl import
0(d it myself." "Why, papa," inter
rupted the enfant, "that was all gone
long ago, and mamma filled the bot
tles up fronm that California keg.
She saidl you -11ever,h d: any rie~n ds
who could toll the difference.
It is esipected that 800,000 bar
rels of lager beer will be sold on
the Centennial grounds next year.
The Philadelphia firm who have ob
tained the privilege have a capacity
for 135,000 barrels, and are sub
contractinug for an additional sup
nly.
A Curious Vase.
A most curious case of inherited
tendencies is vouched for by the
Cincinnati Gazette as having occur
red in the town of Bradford Junc
tion, Ohio. The story is of a baby
boy who was weaned with considera
ble difficulty at the age of two years.
All the usual substitutes provided to
bamboozle urchins in such cases
were indignantly rejected by out
subject ; he wouldn't touch the
nursing bottle ; food was refused,
and what with hunger and constant
fretting he suffered nervously, and
his health failed to such a degree as
to occasion serious alarm. He suf
fered, too, from an excess of saliva
on his little stomach, a disoase
which maml It as probably more fully
understaind than bachelors do. For
the purpose of temporarily pacifying
him, his father, an inveterate smoker
'oeb'asionally yielded to the ehild''
entreaties, by withdraving, the
cigar from his swn mouth and al
lowing the boy to-puff at it for a
short while at a time, in his own
way. It was observed from the be
ginning that the new-found sub
stituto .for the anternal fount in
variably gave entire satisfaction ;
the stoiihcic complaint disappeared,
the child acquired an appetite for
food, and began to thrive. But the
appetite for smoking increased even
more rapidly. From a few little
imitative puffs at the beginning, the
child grew into smoking a whole
cigar a day, and increased the numn
ber till in a year or so lie consumed
from ton to twelve cigars daily. It
was noticed then that lie sul'.ir o l
in health, suffered nervously, and
lost flesh ; and that mentally he had
little of the healthy curiosity or
fresh interest in the little things
around him characteristic of cii.
dren of his ago. The quantity W.:s
gradually reduced to half a dozen a
day ; and lie continues now at that
number, with every appearance of
good health and bodily growth. I
What tit da With Traimps..
The authorities of a city have
sent a c.ircular to the aut hoi itics of
other cities, requesting them to
meet in convention to discuss the
proper tieantment of tramps. Re
ferring to this an exchange add.:
The evil is so large and so univor
sally lifiised, tl it the action of
town or State authiorities can alone
grapple with it suecessfuil'y, rund
the effort now being inado to seen' e
uniform municipal legislation in the
matter is a wise and necessary (Ole.
WIhat is needed is to set tramps
at work. No doubt,, thoi'e is ocea
sionally an honest and industrious
man who 1 e omes a tramp because
he cannot find work. It would be
hard to refuse such a man the tem
poi ary relief which he sorely ieed:,
but indiscriminate private charity
encourages a score of idle va frauts
where it relieves one real case ot
sa ffe :ing. The honest tramp will
gladly pay for the food and lodging
by work, niid the lazy tram)), who
discovers that he can no longer
live'on charity, will find the chai in
of his prlofession gone. Let us havo.
in every town, a relief commliittee of
the town ollicials, who will tui n no
man away hun gry, but who willr
qjure tramps to wvork out the full
value of what thdy receive. In this
way the trampl) nuisance can be
spee3di ly abolished, householders can
be s:Lved from annoyancoe and danger
while no injustice will be done to
the deserving poor. The experi
ment has been tried in many isolated
towns, and hats been entirely suiccesai
ful. The uniform action of all the
townis in the country, however, is
needed before the tratmp nuislaco
can be finally and effectually sup
RULEs OF ETTQUETTE.-Bofore you
bow to a lady in the street. permit
her to decide whether'you camn (do so
or not, by at least a look of recogni
tion.
"Excuse my gloves" is an un.
necessary apology, for the gloves
should not be withdrawn to shiake
hands.
When your compainion bows to a
lady, you should (10 so also. When
a genleman bows to a lady in your
company, always bow to him in re
turit.
A letter must be answered, unless
you wish ,to intimnate to the writer
that lie oi- *his subjeot sa beneath
your notice.
A visit must be returned in like
manner:, even though no intimacy ini
intended.
A smiling countenance is pleasant,
but excess of laughter should lbe
avoided, especially when it is possi
b~le for any one to suppose himself
derided b~y it.
Whitspering itt corupany is always
offensive, and of ten for thom reason
that persons present snaspoet that
they are the subject of it.
.The new carpet that has b)een put
down in the Hall gf IMel eseptatives
has been chist'eiied " fcPhul'sbn's
revenge," on account of its homeli
ness. The ex-Olerk is chiarged with
selecting as ugly a floor for thi
democratic House as possible. It
is a glarinf blue ground, covered
udth small square bsrr of grafr and
some have called it "The b lues and
the gray." 'l'he deeds that. are ex
peted to be (Mne ini ,he crpeted
hball are worthy to be doiie on "The
I nl1d of the cloth or gAd"
Witer Shoes for Lagos.V.
Twenty years ago it was :n6 nn
common thing to see a lady walking
on snowy and wet pavomosts in
shoes of prunolla with the h' most
of solos. About that time a- jy, for
now miany years one of our f m.ost
fashion wrniters, eotermtined tb. ;eair
and writo sonsiblo shoes into2 ion
Gradually her 'exanple an aber
teachings w(onf disciples and nhjta
tors. Now in Now York the
wintor season cloth shoas ai'or never
seen unlese as a badge of poverty,
.ld rarely are they soon in the
sunmor time. T iick-soled .kid,
morocco and p1bble goat for street
wear havelong boon worn. .Vithin
a year or two an advance h l been
iado even from this, and now ladies
are wearing ol fthe streot boots of
calfskin lined with Ilannol er kii,
with bread Scot i solos and broad
low heels. If the skirts are worn
long, over even thoso slhoon s.hould
be worn a pair of noatl-fit tiig
waterproof gaiters, to keep the
anklcs freo - from danpnoss.. Thus
shod, rubbors, except in vory wet
walking, are unnecesaary. -1'6r car
riago wear very handsome and+l coat
fortblo shoos are nmde of quilted
beaver, luod with ilanuol and odige4
with fur. in very cold weather
everybody who can afford them
weak s arctics. Any ingb&iiuti
woman caniloiLien pair for ho&r
self with little troublo. Lot her cut
ia pattern to lit over her shoe, and
with this ias t guide cut out tho
uppe.is from whatovor pioco of
thick cloth she may havo in the
house. An old felt hat will furnish
iaterial for the soles, aud over the
shoe when it is denke rubber sandals
in:y be nicely litted anti sowed. If
these shoes are iadce to lut~ton high
up above the inkle, they will' phrovo
a great protection to the .lower ox
trnmities in snowy woather, and
when their value is once knwa will
be considered indispenHsalo.
For house wear 'slippers are not
suitable from September uti Juno,
unless o1 is conlilod to thd house
id the time and remains in a lunifori
tcimoratutro. Cloth :mld kid boots
may very proporly be substituted
for calfskin and pebble goat when !
one comheS in from the street. If the
ihaind were kept as constantly and
thickly coorod as the foot is4 how
:susccptible it would be to every
change of temperature I The re
movaLI of a thick warn shoo anod put
ting onl a thin slipper in its s53tead
has often laid the fouiniationx of por
maleut land inurable (lisoaso.
Tribune.
The Keeley Motor.
The Philadelphia 'T'imes of Friday
last says : "There was a move
nient in the Keeley motor biniles's
yesterday. It was the day of thet
annual electioni of directors by)~ the
stockholers, of whom there are 115
on the rolls, having 20,000 shares,
of at "face" Va1u1e of o 50 a share, dis
trilbited amoung them, and held
about l:alf-rint-half in New York !
Ci ty and Philadelphia. After oleet
ing elevei directors and iheoaring theI
reports9 of the presenit counditioni of
the mallchinle tihe party took carria~ges
andi~ drove out to Keoley's w'orkshopJ
wvhere thiey inspietod the niew gene
rator. It weighs two tons, and is
made of phosphor b~ronzo, umn Auts
to Keeley, be able to generate 38,
000 plouIs p)ressulre to tihe square
~im-h. The neow receCXver, a plerfoet
up: here thirty inchies interi or and forty
two inaches exterior diameter, weign
mng seven thlousanld pounids, cast in
steel, and11 takting four days to cool
and thnteen days to be decarbonized
ivill also be received i ab~out a
week. Thon, in about threec mmonths
the IKooloy maoor wvill be readJy to
sp)lit ships in two, drive engines to
New York aind b.tek on aL p)int of
waiter," &c.
TMmPpn oF T E SoU'rH EaN Co~oRI-Iss
MEN.-A Washington telegram says:
A i elul~tioni has been31. prepolIId by a]
prolminen01t Souithmern( Congressmian,
agenltlemlan who waIs an oiler of
thec Confo':rato( armiy, and haso
boon01 for man~y a year a1 r'ecognized
democraiitic leader ini the South, de(
Ichliring in full and definijte terms
that the Confedera~te war deb~t sIhll
neCver h) recognized or aLsmanedlO by
thle *United States ; that no claim for
sla~vos freed (during and1( by the warl
shall3 over be0 esteemedW lawful, and
that thme national credit must be
o ver kept unimnpeaed. This will
bo 'ubmritted to the H~ouse at an
narly dlay, and the utmost confidenice
is expressed thait it wiil 1be fldtotd
with but, feuble, dismnt. Jg ex
Confederates are thiemselves appJil
renitly partiillry alnxious to avail
thuemniolves of an opportuniity to
disabuso the pulhic mind of an or
roncous implression on those
APbusnes1 hous in Colmnhus has
conspicuously displayed in its show.
window a man~l's skull, and printedl
in) large letters across tihe forehead
thseo words of warning to the daily
swarm of travoling saloemen, * "Thi
was a drumrar
Artificial grindstones have beeni
Imado at Worms, Germany of it,
solitble glns said- petrolenm.- The
proportiolis tare not given. It is~
sadthat theyt*11) bear a very high
speba without gofteinn
The Now Speaker.
1he men who stand first in the
political and commercial ranks of
our country furnish the beest evi
donceo that America is still a repab
lie, much as it has fallen away from
the severo simplicity of other years.
Most of them are of humble origin,
and have risen to a commanding
position in Spite of the adverse cir
iumstanes which surrouided them.
Birth and curly advantages have
had little to do with their suces(s,
but an indomiitalo pornove rce an1d
uniwo.rying energy hadl. Tlhuoug;h
triats and obstaelos they strluggled
forward untiJ the one talent be:(camd~e
live and the five ten.
Mihinol C. Kerr, of Indiana, who
-has just bee ol t.ecd Speaker of the
fouse of Coingiess, ias at br illaint
cxamnple of this class. lorn in
Peunitsylvainia in 1827, he laud but
fmv opportunities of obtaining the
duentalitn which h Wag amnbtioaus
to lave, but, by hard study and ap
plication, ho sucecoeded in laying the
foundation for it. Afterw uads, by
teaching aind attend ing Sebool ad
torautoly, he gained i l:towledle of
books, which served hin in good
stead in after, life. -Ambitious to
bocpme at dseiple of Ulawckdone, he
eai to this eit-y to study law, and
after com1plet.inig his course setti ed
in Now Albany. In 1855 he was
eleeted to the State Assembly, and
inl 1t62 to the positiou of reporter
of the State Supremo Court. Two
yeat-H later he was elet.ed to C(an
gross, attd has served in that body
tover si11Ce.
Mr. Korr is an able speaker and a
lino parliaumentarian, and will tun
(loulbledly p)o1 foe mn tho duties of
his now potsitioll inl at iutlmelr
that will reflect honer upon him
gelf and the party which is proud
to number hint atuong its members.
-Louisele Ledger.
AMtemnais Ward's ('out hip.
'Twas a carn still nito in Joon,
when all natur was husht, & nary
Zoffer disturbed the sileiine. 1 sot
with the objee ->f may hart's ilafer
shunts on the fene of her dadly's
pastur. I had experioncod a luan
kerin arter hur for sulu t-ii, but
darsuint proclalo mi iaslhiul ; w.ll
we sot thar on the fence a swingirn
of our feet 2 & frow & Ibshain as
red ta; the Batldinsville skle house
when it was first paled, & looking.
cimnpul, 1 mnake it) dowt. My lell
arum was okupido in balhmasii imly
self on the fonse, while mi rit.; arm
Vas wound aflekshlunitly round
Suzanner's waste.
Sez I1, "'Suzanner, I think very
och of yu,"
Soez she, "H-low you do run on."
Soz I, '[1 w'iui thare was winders to
mi sole, soz you kood 0eeL soie ov
my feelins ;" & i sido deeply.
I pawsod hore, but as she made
1no reply tt it, I contituted oil the!
followin st.raine
"Ar, kood yer know the i- eoless
nites i pars on yo1lr acCOniI., how
vittles has seised to be aittrac'tive
tu me, how] mi li:nbs is shrunk up,,
ye woodua't dowt me by no moeans.
Gaze on this wais;ted fo:-ma & thiosie
sonkon iz~e," I eride, junlipina uip.
41 shocod havet coni tinued~c smli tiim
longer pirobly, biut uniforltun::t2ly I
lest liy balluineo a All overl ini the
pastur kor smasLh, tarcinig 11i elose
anid severely damaiaging mayseclf geni
orally. Sio~rner spumlag to myv
assxistanlce and driagged me l Lth in
doublo)1 quick timie. '.lhon drawain
herself iup to her full hito sd
"'I wont t.listen1 to uiri nioneenits
einy loniger. Jest yai 'say r ie out
whiat yu arie drivini at. IfC you
meanii gittin hitched, lTm in."
Pr~sidlent Eliot of H arvani satys inl
at recenit letter: 'The greatoI edua
tionaal need3( of thle West, andl of thlo
whole country, indeedl, isu good
schools oxctsively dl'oted to lit
tinig boys thioronigly for c olle'ges of
high staindatrd. Thle puablie haigh
schools haive a diffeoirnt function,
andu the work of fitting a smiatl pr'o
portion of their puilsr for colli~e in
terferes with the discharge of their
very imiport ant legitinnite function.
Enidowved aschools, maniagedl I.y pii
va:to corporations, rece'ivinlg b oys of'
ten or' twelvo ye11ar', anli dkeepinlg
thomi until they are Sevenlteen ori'
eighteen year's obi, asl e maore noee
in this country than anly othaer ciass
of educattional insrtitut ions, unlessi it
be girls' sch1ools of the aimune so rt.
It wouild 1be (cl0ar gain if niineteen
twentLieths~ of the so-called colleges
andit universities coul be conl vom to-I
lito such secondary schools, for at
vigoroeus school, do0mg its atpproina
ate wvork with thioro'aghness, is at
mruch more useful instituitiona thuan a
lamo college."
For the throo years, 1870, 1871
and 1872, there were in) New York
359 suiicidosi, 132 of whom woare (Gor
mans (Of thiat number atlso '275
wvere males atnd 84 femaule, thle age
of the oldest being oighty-six anad of
the youngest ten. T1he mionths in
whiuch self destruction was miost
p~revalent were those oif stimmner,
August~ furnishig maore~ than twice
as many suicides as .Decembaer. Oif
thme occuplatioens r epresen ted cleriks
figured most largely.
"l1nir your son failed ?"' ingquired
Gubbens of Stubbeins thle other day.
"Oh hot at alla helas only assigned
over his property, and fallen hack to
takO A better nOntinn."Wan thn enly.
The 'Taxpaiyers' C'oiivontion.
Tlhis body asnsemibled in Columbia
on the evening of the .4th inst.
From our Columbia exchanges we
gather the following compend of
the proeeedings :
"General James Chesnut called
the con11ventioni to order. On the
call of the roll of counties it was
discovered that sixteen were repre
sented, most of theml being coast,
or what is known as r"publicatn
cout n) ties.
Gell. W. W. Ilarlleo of Marion
was unanimouliy appointed porma
nen'l1t. jpresi(lent.
The chailmanl mado at brief -ad
dr'e'ss to the convelti.ien, in which
he returned thnlks for the honor
lone him.
G6m'l M. C. Butler made a few
reillaks of a general nature and
muihinitted the following -
Reso/errd, That thlis convenitiont
a(ldres; itself solely to the consid
eration of the best course to puir
iue to ameliorate, counteract and
prevent the Cotlltiluune of the
heatvy hurt hulns nlow iIposed Upon
the peopiC of this state. To accom
plish this end.
1('auled, That the following
c(ilitli! 1ces be appointed : First
A colinidtt' on rolu(lUltiolls, to con
siot of nie miembers, to wIhonm sha1dl
b referred, wilthout debate, all
resoh1tions ( and propositions not
lipeciahly referled to any other coma
ainitt(o. Second---A committee, to
conlsist of live mnlelbers, to confer
with the governor ais to tl present
oondition of the legislattre on the
suhj'le of taixation. Third---A
collinit.tee, to consist of live mom
hers, on printing ald the (xpenflses
Of the cn vent-ion.
e('.'/Ee/. Tha'l'it wllen this con
vention tdjoitris it. stailid adjourned
Hil. jeet. to be eglied together he
ever the president shall be req(tuested
to do so by ll execoll t i11C ('olisilstilig
of soven uomuLors, who shall be
appointed for this pllrpose by the
presidellt at his leisurie. Carl 'id.
1'11e chair namlied the committees,
'.l'hle conlventionl then adjourned
ain,l wrIIt, iIto caliens.
The convention reassombled oil
the 15th instant. The procCeedilgs
1n that day are 01111bodied in the
following resolution and report:
By Mtr. Al. C. 1h1t her
Whicares the Rl lieal naljority of
thce legislaturo of this Siu t:e have
Iotofore e ineid anl itter (ise
gard of a plain provision of the
St3ad co nstitut.ion t louching ai regis
tiontt1)1 of the (ualified voters of th e
Stat c', and a reckless de finOlee of the
rec'o2lmenlations of hi', I"t1.\ s :-"V
GoverIor Chiiberlain iiii g,,d L.
the samo nt2It.
And whom 0. the (ffect of ai. regin
trationl of the (11.lie.l voters is to
insiro i a fair clect ion det.erm'ine(d by
(uailed 'vot.rs aid 110110 other1 ; be
it
Iir'ai/rer1, That the Tax Unions t
bo and care hern !by request(1 to
have pr c)l ('d at full and complI1eIt.e
registrat1ion 2 of the qualilied voters
of their rspmective townsipsj and1(
local1iies, and24 retun the1 same1( to
the Pr1Cesiet (If is on ven1.01ticn or ii
1.44, retalinin al cLopIy for tieir1 1nf1r
mai111i1tm, and14 that11 such regrister h
prop1 ert.y thhlors ag~.ainst, illegal
Adlopte(d andi re3ferred1 to Ihe comn
By Afr. .J. E. Tindall
I//'o/t, TIhaitl it, beomelus thce
dutlly of1 the E~x(Cntive C~oniiiittee to
ascerbt.;iuin ihe amount,21 of IIaxes nece(s
sary' for) tihe )1 purposes o(f the go ven
L11h3 warl-ma1kin g due1( 1a1 ~llm(c for
the amom111t necessar11y for the jii
,cary 21nd( pulic1( 14chool system1i con1
sequent11 upjonl tile chan~go ill the
legdand poli sd ~tia sitalttI of the~
coaIlod populat1ion142. m1)4alithat this im1
formatU11ion2 1ho furishedi113 the (hCunt y
Tax Unins.
Adop'tedl and1 referred to tile com~
Theli follo~wincg is1 th1e repor1t of tile
4com 11iu0 (I f naino:
Thie commiflittee(, tol whcomi woro re
ferred 51untdry reo(i lutionsI, m1emorials11
11n1d 1piroit~io~ns, beg leaLve to re
1port, that, 1 bey ha1v4 had the several
mai~tters 1OIfore them,11 and2( after aL
enreful1 cons;jidrt ion,' recomm111end(
the31I adopt.ion of the preambL~lo~ and14
(covrcing 1.1ho aion 11w1~~hi tis conl
vion wouh1)~V)11l reommnlcd to the~
pepl at tis juntu,10t2(it is im
I eas3onll~o length to spoe(ify ill (10
tail lihe manny and1( grovious 3vils
w~hich~ the p)eopl1(, and1( espeeially the
proporty holders of this StLate, have
Sulffere(d att te hanids of thioso wvho
haIve the govei nment of the State in
thir conltrol. As inlstanleos of the
hligh rate of taxatiota to whiuch they
haIve been subjected year after
year2, they would call1 attenltionl to
thce facts set forth in the inmorials
of tile citizenis of Orangelmirg and2(
GIroonvillo Couintios, from which it
wvill appear that the people ar not
only callied upo)n to fLu:nh a very
iar( l sumi of m1oney~ to carry ori theo
ort inery and yearly roultine of ctrm
plex mahchinery of the county govern.
mniut, bult are0 com1'poled to pay
latrgo sums1t for the deficieney, arising
from thle (corrup)t defaheations of I
finanal(1 offiers to whom thn county
moneys are entrusted, upon merely
nommal and straw bonds, for the
faithful discharge of their duties.
Your committee 1'ocom1n011(1 that
these memorials bo published with
the proceedings of this convention,
? herons, the State government,
organized iml 1868, his systematically
ignored tho material interests of
the tax payors of this State in the
creation of a system uselessly ex.
sensivc ; that the welfaro >f the
pople has fhoreby been greatly
damaged and almost dest.royed by
the highest possible taxation, and
the most lavish and corrupt explldi
tture of the public money ; that the
credit of the State hats b'een almost
annihilated and the p111)lic securities
brought into goneral disfavor, that
since the inauguration of Governor
Chamnberlain thero has been somo
amelioration in our condition but
not, at all uffliient to 0nsur I
healthy condition of affairs ; and wo
recognize the) fact, that the majori
ty of the Legislature has only been
withheld from continuing the illegal
exactions lerottofore imposed, by
exorcise of the veto powor, that the
sat) corrupt influences are still at
work to injure and oppress the
people, exhibited both in the Stat
and county governmonts and tim t
therefore, it is nec essary that thie
tax payers shall exercise the utmost
vigilance to protect their r ights:
thereforo,
Bfe'olWed, That this convention
cnestly recommend to the tax pay
ors of this State a thorough re
organization of the '1'ax Unions
upon the plan h(eoreto'Oro adopted.
C.ould, That the people should
See to it that on1e or 111ore TZA
Unions be organuized in e.uieh eity,
town mld to wnship in the State, and
from those local l1iions that County
Unions and a State Union be kept
live as the sources from which shall
proceed the vital forces, to be used
ts exigencies lay arise, for the
r'eformation ld1 ul timuato redelllp
tion of the State ; and that to this
itnd the President of this Conven
i)n be o charged with the duty of
Hoeulrimg proper organizations of
81u0h Tax Unions inl all l:ees where
they are not, now in t olratiol.
RE'.Sj/l'ed, T'htat thi convention
'alls 11)on the youn1llig and activo
m11011 of the Mt ato to use the utmost
vigilt1 (e in efltrt'eeting this organizes.
tion of the poph', mind oemploy all
fiir, h )1omtle andi legitimate agen
'icen to accomiplish fite same, and
to rl0eue the State from hy present
tImnilimatioln and restore her' former
lignity and puri Ly.
Represenitative Alexander H
"(1phenls, of (eorgia, ill order that
1 political views may be correct.ly
'jIesenItoel at Washinfg iun1, wh itiue
1 in lllalel' to proc'ed on acolnt1
if his illness, re'ently stint for Sona
or (Jordon, of Gaeorgia, andi urgod
.hat, the dlemocrts shouild let the
104sion1 p)asss without nm ati empt. to
epoal ainy of the Southern recon
truction acts of the repuli icali par
y.
The 1111e'tunlta'td milliois of the
ate W. B. A d.or mare lo be distribu
.4d among'1(. his inlahodiat C famiily,
scept11in~g h'(eus'l giv~ing t$200,000
,o the A Hf.or) ibrary l, $~800,000t
101n1, $10,000I in tia Aiimeric'an .Bible
'scieit y, i$10,000) amiong. fouri fit hful
mlioy'eos, on coditioni that they
vere'( ini his er'vie att the tim 1( Of his
"htisi the muat.Ler', sir ?"' saidl a
mge to his patient. "Well,
[(aisotonl sonlif oyster's, andiu
I 5luppose they hiavei disagre(ed withb
lse ? "'Well, nuo--whyv, yesC, I did
,04) that is, I took for my tea a
nline pie, four' h 'ties of ale, aind
.w() glasseos of gina, and I have eaten
.he( oysteris siico, anud I really be
i01v' the oyskters' were noct, good) for
no.
T~om~l'5). t~t his h ill to hait
meighabor J(oe. "Wihiy, 'l'omu, it
itt1ikoO me1 that youl hav~e) malhd( out
. proetty r'ounid lill here, ehi ?"' "Tm'
aonsble it is a r'otid one(, quioth
l'om, "and1( 1 have conmo for the
mirpoms of getting it squsared I"
Ini Maine, Sundaycur'sing is taxed
I iwohlars p)0r oath ; 0on week (lays
die rato is lowered to onl~y one0 dol
ar' p)0r oath. The law is rigid, tad
.1h( proce~eds, when collected, are to
fo toward founding a lunatia
isylum.
It is eightoen year's sinco0 a demoe
:rat pres03ide 1 overi the house of rop.
'.501ntativos. The hist demnocjatic
speaker' was Orri, of South Carolina,
vhiose trm expired March 4, 1859.
[Jo was 3luccoodod by P'ennington,
10 by Grow, lie by Colfax and he by
Blhaine.
An Iowa man who hlad boon mear
ried a mionth recenatly committed
micid(I by diiking gr'o1n p!i".1, and
4t's a fino point ast tQ 5-naother his
twful fate is to be '?ooked upon ams A
warmngli agIC:;n.f '>Aint or matrireony
"You llaven't opened your'
month dui'ng the wh ole session,"
laid an M. P., to it follow nxembe'r.
"Oh yes, I haive,"was the replyr"i
yawnred through the whole ofyn
l1pooch."
Speaking of. Mr. Becher,. an ox
ihange says : "Attrition iihl wear
away check as wqll as soe

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