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The Fairfield herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1849-1876, January 19, 1876, Image 1

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OL. XI WINNSBORO, S. C.. W EDNESDAY MOR1N1NG JANUA RY 19, 1876. [NO. 32
iTHE
1' I D fli ; Ij tD 11E 111140
1 'u1.ss &"~i.IY flY
OY 11 *TL7 i.0 1 9 : G) .4ho 1' 1Sj.o
*All i r1'4i,'tlt nlverlI -enient1e to h~e
1I/l/ I.N .4,1/ I':.v'/:.
it .imry Nut iu.i nttd TIribuici $1.01)
re, i'utre.
Flanged by Acaidenlt.
( t: .lheecke, i l'itttelior at 31) Stall
oil treet. ceideiitallly hanitged himn
es and theIt n l.)al)lO Mallnnr,
IN theC (len~ti, it.- 1140lied1( by the police,
lire ts; follows :(4tts;ki w~as ILOcr
11,111, l~out twnt years3 VUV of an andttit
fond of pracWti(cal jokeoi. le hadIL
iting; i pleastant 111110 on New
i's~", Day. About 8.15 o'clock last
f eve1img there wasi consiclor:tblo dlis
c 't1*:iot~l inl the store oif Mr.. Nekko
S "' 'ib itt11 th veitltn of the t~uW r e -
';t gi' ; c)11 I oco'ul er 17th. (hi:;ki
5 Iho lwonulcrcd how they felt
w heni they wore hiiurel and went
,. ititt the ito uuwliO anid el0o.1 the
dor. lie found it short1 piece, of
all1tope not, over three. foot long.
r .to't ' .4f btleit t9 t} e hooks, Hie
4 .i :trnning loop of this rope
:1 slipped1 then )"),e over his heeli.
h('icc-~c~ \,:.tiabutsic feot Jtigt
dI row o)~5(f 1ho)0ks 'w00 plaLced near
to tap. ( iic;ki wats ablout five fee~t
x tiie1:(:s t(all, aind imuist ha~ve. risen
his tores inl order t. s111) tau to)I
(!l" one (of the hooks. HeI fina~lly'
( (Ct:tI(l. hitwiev(,1, to) lot his
t ei~.r) t fatl~l iuinni the Utoose. VTe
()e, of the ice-box -its slippery'
itgIL tse, 111(1 after h10 had reste;.1
sweight 4,11 his l t(-li coul not
tie'himself. His struggles onlly
wll thle noose, tigh ter, tand ill a er
(j +l tit1f11( 5 oit(,- t 1)( 110 t1 c 5 ( 1)VCVCl:
(h~iski from calling br 1he11). Mr.
coke0 w~titt (-lUui aIl L))ltt toil
s t (ts a fter h(! Ii tcl ell teietl the ev
X, ;itil called to hilm to ct)Ili (oit.
('Oe l1y t o) l~ n swier, 11 t ) 11. to the
1 ,lt.)1c~ aidtt throw openl hei dour.
c ltt; Hourly l) lralyzeod will l' tirti
lit 1 *o1ioIl ling, (lu1ski Iiari1giii flot
open.Rcvrn hiprsneo
1Luinl, Mrt. iM'tlii lied tilt. the an
\).'' lug lilt)8.ll ad (4l~e Cth lot)i o81' 5 t
hoo~kt (lrl('cl itsk ou11).Tti of the e
oxtid 1aid ithime 1(. rthyur of t.he
w t I . '.1'110 rop , h )ad tihelned
1uISe tirg th ll~s ari d that:L l0lit had1
br : )" l b' 1ti, ielt;1 I ithe)7 deltl.
111 110 otfl~ (u1n(llit mess
li'~ cta.e l oite 1 eutil}) . yorth
to ghos t~C-a to hi1. asitrl , n
Al it No"Vfw \'oarte Dr. 1tvi
,vos c-,p their spot.iiesi wthass irie1
hllesttiti~I to duc it rur of evern..
1 isyg iii 1 ) .11it. Ellvry youtlirg nIi0
111 W:(t til. l t j int. ii s . t, ieus ito j'n
..,"~ '. vltitll t lb ili~i goi,/v or1 . iler
FACIAL EXPRESSION.
The Power of the Eye and Face in Con
veying Intelligence--A Pathetic Inci.
dent of the Franco-Prussian War.
Among the numerous incidonts
recorded of the startling )lhonomnll:%
presented by the facial oxpression of
the dead is found in the following,
as occurring during the late Franco
Prussian war : It seems that one of
the red cross nurses, one of those
I Mt1ercy Morricks, perha)s, with whom
WVilkic Collins has mati us familiar,
had among 11r 1patients a young
man.111, an oxcooding4ly handsome fel.
low, whose Nationality she couli not
find out. Ho was in the Prussian
uniform, yet not. she thought, a
Prussian. Io had been struck by a
spot ball, they supposed, and was
paralyzed and speechless. Ocea.
sionally lie would open his eyes and
gazilo at, her with a troubled (exprs
sion, and she noticed that the eyes
were very h1intiful, black, and soft
as velvet. In her ministrationi, she
got to tunderstamd the language of
these poor eyes, and found out when
he was pleased or disappointocl at
wlhat she Wis doing. One day she
took up his c'oat, and foling in his
pocket, she found a letter ; she
looked at him, and the eyes said
"Read it." It gave her the key to
the situation, and she derived the
idea that he could hear and under
stand her if she talked to him, so
she would sit and talk and ask'ques
tions, and lhe would answer with his
eyes. She got at the the idea that
Ie was a young English diplomat,
who had been senit down to the
scene of war to pro.tct Somle one ;
that he had been put into the Prussian
army1115 as at favor, to facilitate his
work : thatt he was eng;aged~ in this
work when he was struck down.
Sue had much to do, this Mcv
Mor ick with her cross, but she
funmid time every few hours to conie
back to her patient aund to tell himt]]
the story of Saarbuck, of Strasburg,
of Sedan, and to find from the shift
int- lustre in his eyes if he were
pleased or saddeied. One day she
to,k up his watch 1a1nd chain and
erminiii:d his seal. The eyes grew
painfulily bright and nifonus. 'The
idea struck her that she would take
lse inpre.;-ioin in wN.r. She did so
andt found the motto and crest of a
well no.vn ' En glish fumily. 'hen
she sat down and wrote ia letter
hoes, for she, too, was English.
The patient lingered and listened,
but niever spoko. Ie grew better,
however, aiid could smile, brilliant,
elotenjut *t. amid fascinating. It, went
to 0ho heart, of the rod-cross nurse.
Perhaps 11-he had surllted, and loved,
and waited, andl hoped, and had
known the anguish of hope deferred.
The poor paualyzed hand 'gaine I
finally a little power, and one evening
its she took it in! he warn, elergot
ie, generous pathn, it gave it feeble
pressure. Sympathy is a faioiis
physician. H1e has cured mny
otherwise mnort:ll,' wounded. But
alas hl was not to --ure the young
English diploumat. One night, as
the red eros num se lay down to her
we; I '.arned sleep, the male attend
ant who had charge of the paralyzed
Engulshman mnU anid knockd at the
door.
"Heisdying," said he, "and his
('veLs aire veryv wild."
*She dressed herself and went tc
himii. Them Iuspokenl language be
tween these two hiad become i
spiritul c omunileaOtion. Shte real
hi. 3 thoughits. Did he wish to hiavt
a lockI or his hair (cut '? Tes, for her
is waitch amid chtain, anid a (-ertit
r ing' On it, were to be returnied, wheir
she could find the ownier and charg<
-the waoik which he laud to do w~hier
lie wvas stricken downi-she~ musit fii(
cout if it were (lone, and1( if lie wat
know~n to have been;t faithful to th<
(nd ;ye", she would (do it. And hs
*?ave her (one woniderfuil loo0k, a lool
w.hic h wasl at carleMs ; oneC smiile lik<
suinligrht ;his brigh t eyes said m~or't
gratit~ud e in one glance than lipi
couildl say ini a month : then enmmii I
tihni over thecm and~ they wvent ou
forever. 'The net' (lay as the red
cross5 nurse stood lookiing at lii
dead1' fuce, anl Enis~4h pihysiciania
ived.
"lamn looking for young Esc'ourt,'
said he, "'the man~t of whom you hav<
writtenm to England, who owned thi:
motto and seail."
"Themre lhe is," said she quietly.
Poor fellow, poor fellow ; a lar<
Sa'se," sail thme phtysician. "'Do yoi
know his story ? Smint over to pre
teet two emninenit ladies, one0 a pril1
ces (' wh~~o got cauighit in aL countr,
hiouse hiero between the two arime
1.m t of thing. li ehihavedl singulari
co(urage~v, andi chivalry too, for on1e (
them fell desperately in love wit
him. He was taking them towar,
tlBeri n, where they wished t
o, wheni lhe wa~s struck downu b:
at1 French ball(1 ; a party of straggler
sturroupjded them, set on1 probabl
b ly ai cousin of his, wvho has alway
been his foe."
DKIid the wvoumen escape ?" saidthi
red-cross nur'se.
"Yes, and are full of anxiety t
hero heir preserver and friend,
said the dioctor.
TJhie nuriso laid her hand onl thi
dead man's forond. "I wish Ii
n could have lived to hear it," sai
.o she. And as she sid that the deni
i mian smiled-that smile which al
i) kniew so well-and, st-rong-hiearte
and fell on the door. When she
came to herself the doctor was hold
ing some hartshorn to her nostrils.
"It was not imagination 1" said
she.
"No," said lhe, shaking his head "it
was a miracle."
THE PALAOIO'F ALADDEN.
How a Moneyed Man Makes Himself
(Comfortable.
One of the most enjoyable days I
have spent in Eng land was a visit to
Mentmnore, Buckiugham hire, the
seat of the late Baron Rothscliild
and still the home of his Widow. i
had known all my life of the almost
fabulous wealth of the Ilothschilds,
but had no such vivid ciinceition' of
the reality as I brought away with
me.
The estate comprises 15,000.or
20,000 acres of the finest land of
this famous shire. The approach
from Cheddington station, from
which it is distant about two miles I
lies through a magnificent lawn load
ing to a wooden acclivity ; upon the
summit of which the mansion stands.
From the tower tha view is one of
the linest in the Midland countioe,
embracing on one side the ancient
mlanor and village of Wing, on the
other the manor of Tring, and on
a third the historic site of Ivanhoe.
How the course of the world's his
tory has been changed by the blow
which an ancestor of John Hzunpden
struck the Black Prince, the victor
of Crecy and Poictiors, for whick
"Tring, Wing, and Ivanhoe" were
forfeited ! in the distance is the
value of Aylesbury, and far away on
the right of the Chiltorn hills the
nnulcnt of thDuke of Bridge
water bounds the range of vision.
Tring Park, owned by another of
the Rothschild family, is said to be
second in the beauty of its garden
only 1o Mentmore ; but this I had
no time to see. Subtropical gar
dens, vegetable gardens, the Foun
tain garden, and the Italian garden'
(WCipied us for hours. The 'first is
second, I suppose, only to the Royal
Botanic Gardens in Kew; the second
enbraces, with the fruit gardon3
about twenty acres, the whole pro.
eceds of which are consuned.in the
nansion.
In one of the numerous grapories,
arranged so as to furnish fruit every
month in the year, I saw a single
cluster of grapes which would weigh
six pounds, the berries on which I
wero about the size of good, largo
plums and the most luscious I over
tasted. Oranges, figs, pineappleH,
bainnas. and other tropical fruito
coluliimed in the mansion, are all
grow n in the cons*.rvatories of
Afentmnore. When the Baroness is
absent yachting in the Channel, or at
her London house, orders by tele
graph are sont to Mentmnore daily
for the supplies required.
The vases in the Fountain and
Italian Gardens cost each ?1,000.|
The statuary is all of the most costly
kind, executed by the first masters,
mniy of tl:om copies of originals
I which I saw in the Louvre or in the
British Museum. The great hall,
which from the entrance scomed to
mie about 20 by 30 feet, is filled with
vases and statuary. Its contents
mkus!t represent a value Of not less
tnian ?800,000. We were not lessi
than three hours passing through
the roomts. 'rho finish is c::quiisite,
and the furnishing of each sumpltu
(o1s. Some~i idea may be formed of
the wholei from the~ furniture of a
single bedroom, one0 of the inany
groat chiamnbcrs costing ?25,000
or ?30,000. In the dining room
andl haronial hall are furnishing ex..
ceedinig ?200,000 each. Costly cabi
nets of the tiene of XIV. of ebony
inlaid with ivory or gold ; jewelled
blocks, made of solid gold, dia
mnonds, rubios aind all sorts of pro
cion:< s tones ; walls hung with the
costliest tapestry of Louis XIV., or
covered with the riicet needle em
broidered satin may givesome idea of
thme wvealth lavished on this mfore
than princely mimnaion. The cost
liest paintings adorn the walls,
and the most skillful and expensive
workmanship is displayed upon the
ceilings. The idea of the Baron
seems to have b~een to build and
furnish a mansion such as no other
p~erson inl En4aland, except perhaps
the Duk~e o. WVestministor, could
hopo to rival.
TJ'1he studl is sidi to contain more
'high bred horses than any in pho
world. It embraces thirty-five hun
-tera and amnyracers. None of
whic I hardwere less in value
than ?(000, while many, of them run
up into the thousands. Favonous,
Maccaroni, and1 Old T1om, the, last
patriarch of high bred raicers we saw
all winners of fanmousn races. For
Favonious ?12,000 were refused, and
IIfor Maccaroni ?7,100, were but re
ccn fly paid.--St. Louis lBepublican.
I No matter what comes upon yelu,
a don't give up to it. Look it square
Y in the eye. Don't let it see you
Sflinch. If sorrow has entered your
life, andl has rendered it b~leak and
a cheorless, don't bow down before it
like "a reed shaken in the wind," but
S drive it out of your existence-cut
"it up root and branch. D n't let it
put you down under its feet.
e "Now my little boys and girls,'
d said a teacher. "I want you to be
d very still--so that you- can hoog n
o pin drop." In p pnpmerit all was
d ~silent, when a little boy cried out
d 1 "Let her drona !"
OENk GRANT'S S0HOOL DAYS:
BeminiscenOesof th'0Old Log 8ohool
House in Olermont Counby, Ohio.
Away up in a small hollow, just
this side of Amelia, in Clermont
county, there stood, a few years
ago, an old country school house,
yeather beaton, tumbled down and
disused, which the old inhabitant
pointed out as the place where
'Ulysses S. Grant received his early
education. Tho building has since
been torn down, we believe, but
-there ore recollections connected
with it which have become 9f historic
interest since Headley'a "Hero
Boy" has flgiaueld sb largely 1n the
history of hits country.
"Nobody thought when - Grant
was a boy,' said au old citizen of
Clermont county who. 'attouded
'thin school at the same time the
President did, "that he would ever
amount to much. 'The most: prom.
ising boy in the hchool at that time
was one named Henry Wattey. He
was at the head of the claes in
mathematics, geography, spelling
and all other studies, and every
body prophesied' great things of
him ; but he is now running a
forty acre farm pp it} Warrop coun
"How did Grant average in his
studios ?" '
"Only middling. He would
never be called dull, but he was
never brilliant. Ho used to spend
a groat deal of his time in reading
the life of Napoleon, which inter
fored considerably with his school
duties, until the teacher destroyed
that book by putting it into the
stove."
"Vas he punctual in his attend
ance ?"
"Vory. He never stayed away
from school unless compelled to by
circumstances. He was never late
either, but was among the first to
reach the school house in the
morning."
"Was he a noisy boy ?"
"No, sir. Although courteous to
overybody, he was not loud
mouth ed, like the other boys, but
spoke in a low and quiet tone of
voice, with unusual dignity for one of
his yours."
"We always called him flira im at
school," continued the old stager.
Nobody ever thought of calling
him Ulysses, and after the capture
of Vicksburg, when we had not
heard from him for years, a great
many of us did not know or even
imagine that it was the boy who
used to Lo to the ol1 i'g school
house in the hollow."
"Was Grant a playful boy ?"
"Not by any moans. You never
could get him to take part in any
game or sport except a snow-ball
fight. In that ho delighted. But
as far as 'bull pen' or ball playing
was concernmed, he would never take
any part, but would sit on a fence
or a stump and look on."
. "During his school days did he
lver exhibit signs of the persever
ing spirit for which he has since
become noted ?"
"I can remember but one oc
casion, and that was when the
achool-master flogged him to make
him give up a jack knife, with which
he had been cutting the side of
his (desk. The school-master de
manded the knife, but Grant re
fused to give it up. The teacher
tried to take it away, but could not
do it. He then sent out into the
woods andl got a long black hickory
switch, with which he belabored
the future President to make him
surrender the knife. But Grant
persistenltly declined, and at last
the pedadogue was forced to stop
from sheer exhaustion. The in
cident was forcibly recalled to my
mind when lie made the famous
remark-'.4 will fight it out on this
line if it takes all summner," and
by many other similar incidents in
his future career."
"I saw Grant when he was here
at the Burnett House, in 1872,'
continued our interviewer, "and lie
was the first to recognize me and
give me a cordial hand shake. He
evenm camne through a large crowd
of dignitaries to shako hands wvith
an old school-mate."
Pullman palace ears have been
introduced in England, Belgium,
Russa, Germany, -and nowv that
turn of France and Italy has come.
American inventions are growing
fashionable.
To extinguish kerosene flame,
fling a clo0th over them, or, if the
flour barrel is handier, thuiow on
flour, which absorbis the fluid, Iklla
the flames, and can he readily
eared up afterwaras.
The Methodist schools in Sali
Lake City boast that they hmave
on their rolls eight huindred chmil
dren from Mornion families.
One of the best "confessions o:
faith" ever devised, is a straightfor
ward, useful, cheery, consisteni
Christian life, seven days (in th4
week.
"My son," saidl a than of doubtfu
morals, putting his hand on thb
head of a young urcbin, "I believ4
Satan hs got hold of yon." "I be
hoie so too," the urlhin replied.
Despisent oenmylmirelybecauseh<
seemnsweak i the fly an4 .leusjevi
done more harm than bears and lioni
ever did.
AN INIYENT OF THE WAR.
&Remarkable Duel Between the Com
:nanders of a Federal and a Rebel
scout.
{From the Chicago Tribune.]
On the 12th day of June, 1863, I
witnessedl a duel between a Captain!
Jones, commanding a federal scout,
and Captain Fry, commanding a,
rebel scout, in Green county, East
Tennessee. These two men had
been fighting each other for six
months, with the fortunes of bat
tle in the favor of one and then the
other. The commands were on
camped on either side of Lick
Creek, a large and sluggish stream,
too deep to ford and too shallow
for a ferry boat ; but there a bridge
spanned the streamn for the cohven
lenco of the - traveling publi.
Each of them guarded this bridge,
that communication should go
neither north nor south, as the rail
road track had been broken up
months before. After fighting.
each other for several months, and
contesting the point as to which
should hold the bridge, they agreed
to fight a duel, the conqueror to
hold the bridge undisputed for the
time being. Jones gave the chal
lenge, and. Fry accepted. The
terms were that they should fight
with navy pistols at twenty yards
apart, deliberately walking toward.
each other, and firing until the
last chamber of their pistols was
discharged, unless one or the other
fell before all the discharges wore
made. They chose their seconds
and agreed upon a rebel surgeon
(as he was the only one in either
command) to attend them in case,
of danger.
Jones was certainly a fine-looking
fellow, with light hair and blue
oyes, five feet ten inches in height, I
I looking every inch the military
chieftain. He was a man that sol- a
diers would admire and ladies re-!
gard with admiration. I never
saw a m.mn m,>re scoal, deonnud,
and heroic under such circum
stances. I havo read of the deeds
of chivalry and knight errantry in
I the Middle Ages, and of brave men
embalmed in modern poesy ; but
when I saw this man Jones come
to the duellist's scratch, not for
real or supposed wrongs to himself
but, as lie thought, for his country
and the glory of the flag, I could
not help admiring the man, not
withstanding lie fought for the free
domn of the negro, which I was op
posed to.
b'ry wa a nan full six feet high,
slender, with long, wavy, co-ling
hair, jet black eyes, wearing a
slouch hat and gray suit. and look
ing rather the dlemoni than- the
man. There was nothing ferocious
about him ; but he had that self
sufficient nonchalance that said, "I|
will kill you." Without a doubt, he
was brave, cool, and colloctel, and
although suffering from a terrible
, flesh wound in his left arms, received 1
a week before, he manifested no
symptoms of distress, but seemed
ready for the fight.
The ground was stepped off by
the seconds, pistols loaded and
exchanged, and the principals
brpought face to face. I shall never
forget that meeting. Jones, in his
militrary boyish mood, as they shook
A soldier braves death for n fancifulI
When in glory'si romantic enireer.
Fry caught up the rest of the]
sentence, and answered by say
ing:
Yet lhe bendR o'er the foo when in battle
laid low,
And bathes every wound with a tear.
They turned around and wvalked
back to the point designated.
'Jones' second had the wvord "Fire ;"
and, as lie slowvly said, "One-two
three-lire 1" they simultaneously
turned at the word "One," and in
stantly walked toward each other
firing as they went. At the fifth
shot Jones threw- up his right hand,
and, firing his pistol in the air, s~mk
down. ' Fry was in the act of liring
his last shot ; but, seeing Joneti
fall, silently lowered his pistol
dropped it to the ground, and
sprang to Jones' side, taking his
head into his lap he sat dowvn, and
asked himi if lie wvas hurt.
I discovered that Jones was
shot through the region of the
stomach, the bullet glancing around
that organ and comning out to thme
left of the spinal column ; besides,
he had received three other fright
ful flesh wounds in other portions
of his body> I dressed his wounds
and gave him such stimulants as'
I had. He afterwafrdn got well.
Fry received three wounds -one
breaking his left arm, one in the
left, and the other in the right sido.
After months of suffering he got
well. Neither of them asked for a
discharge, but both resumed their
commnandls when they got well, and
fought the war to the bitter end,
and to-dlay are partner's in a wvhole
sale grocery business, anmd verifying
the sentiment of Byron that "A
soldier braves death," etc., etc.,
Trtissing thait the above truthful
narrative will be a lesson to some
people North and South, that stayedl
on the outsidlo and yelled "Seek
.dog 1" and are still not satisfied
m ,wiqp the~ resi19ts of the war, let me
. subscrib, myself a reconstructed
(inawaRrT 8uRmmn.
Why and When Lamps Explodo.
All esplosions of coal-oil lamps
are caused by the vapor of gas that
collects in the space above the oil.
When full of oil of course
a lamp contains :no gas ; but
immediately on lighting the lamp
consumption of oil begins, soon
leaving a space for gas, which com
mences to form as the lamp warms
up, and after burning a short time,
sufficient gas will accumulate to form
an explosion. The gas in a lamp
will explode only when ignited. In
this respect it is like gunpowder.
Cheap or inferior oil is always the
most dangerous.
The flame is communicated to the
as in the following manner : The
wick tube in all lalpburners is
nade larger than the wick which is
to pass through it. It would not
do to have the wick tightly in the
burner ; on the contrary, it is es.
iontial that it move up and down
with perfect ease. In this way it is
tnavoidable that space in the tube is
left along the side of the wick suffi
Iiont for the flame from the burner
to pass Idown into the lamp and ex
plode the gas.
Many things may occur to cause
the flame to pass down the wick and
)xplode the lamp. The Scientific
imerican says :
1. A lamp may be standing on a
table or mantel, and a slight puff of
tir from the open window, or sudden
opening of a door, may cause an ox
plosion.
2. A lamp may be taken up quick
ly from a table or mantel, and in
stantly explode.
. A L:unp is taken into an entry
where thero is a strong draught, or
out of doors, and- an explosion en
1ues.
L. A lighted lamp is taken up a flight
>f stairs, or is raised quickly to
?lace it on the mantel, resulting in
in explosion. In all these cases the
uischief is done by the air move
nont-either by suddenly checking
he draught or forcing air down the
hiimney against the flame.
S. Blowing down the chimney to ex
inguish the light is a frequent
-ause of explosion.
6. Lamp explosions have been
:aused by using a chimney broken
>dr at the top, or one that has a
>iece Lroken out, whereby the
iraught is variable and the flame un
steady
7. Sometimes a thoughtless per
on puts a small sized wick in a
arge burner, thus leaving a consider
idlo space along the edges of the
Niclr.
8. An old burner, with the air
lraughts clogged up, which by right
should be thrown away, is'sonetiies
.ontinued in use, and the fiual result
s an explosion.
Dynamite, or Giant Powder.
Dynamite, or "giant powder,"
vhich caused the sad disaster and
oss of life at Bremerhaven, was in
vented by M. Noble, a Swedish
theinist, in 1866-67. It consists of
litro-glycerino absorbed by some
orous inert solid. The best mate
"ial for an absorbent is a silicious
nfusoiial earth found in Hanover,
Grermnany, and known as kiessol,
~uhr. It will absorb and retain
bout three times its weight of nitro
glycerine, and ha~s the appearance of
lamp Grahamu four T1his form
?revents the transmnission of ordi
aiary suddeni shocks, except under
)ressure of a confined teco. The
presenco of the inort mineral con
4titue'nts serves also to absorb heat,
so that a high temperature cannot
be easily imparted to the whole
ut when imparted this temperature
affects a great exp~ansion of the
gasses and increased effectivenoss of
ixplosion- Ignited in the open air
lynamito burns quietly with nitrous
[lames. Exp)lodled (usually by mneans
>f fulminating fuse or cap), it gives
.!arbonic acid, nitrogen and hydro
gen, andl leaves a wvhite ash, with
little or no0 smoke. It has been re
garded as theosafest of all explosives,
riot being affected by a prolonged
temperature of one hundred degrees
sent.Igrad1e, nior is it as dangerous
is ni tro-glycerine when it solidifies at
sighut degrees centrigade. Neither!'
light nor electricity nor shocks
eause it to decompose or ex
plode. The pinmcipal dangers I
connmectod with its use aro those of I
the strong fulminating powders usedI
in the percussion fuses to explode it.
D~ynamuite, if carelessly madle, con
taining an excess of nitro-glycorine,
may, by the latter overcoming the
capillary fore of the mineral parti.
ales, collect in dross and settle from
tihe mass, and become a source of
serious accidents. Moreover, it may
be that freezing, or thawing after
freezing, has a tendency to segre
gate tihe oil.
P~rofessor Draper, in one of his
wvorks on pop~ular sciehee, has it that
Noble was led to the experimente
from which resulted dynamite by
the feairful explosions of nitro
glycoritto at Aspinwall, San Francia
co, Sydney and elsewhere years ago.
After reference to the usual means of
exp)loding, Professor Draper adds
that M Guyot, a French Chemist,
has she wn that tihe nitro-glycomino
may soak out from tile mixture with
sand, and saturating the paper of
the cartridges and boxes, reassumne
the state in which it is readily ex
ploded by a slight blow.
Dynamite was used for a time at
the United States overnment works
at Hell Gate, but the detonation w as
found to be too great and it was
abandoned. The effect was to start
the seams in the river bed above and
threaten the flooding of the mine.
Thexorionceo in this country of
accidental explosions of dynu.nite
are very rare, and the ago of the
compound when nitro glycarinie will
oxuclo from it and in confined places
igniteby spontaneous combustion is
a matter of speculation.
State News.
The legislature re assembles on
the 18th nstant.
Thbmunieipal tax about to be col
lected in Columbia is twenty mills.
Economy I
The loud praying of some one in
the vicinity of Aiken, last Tuesday
night, caused an alarm of fire.
Mr. Henry Elliott, aged seventy
seven, and Mr. William Suggs, aged
seventy-five years, died recently in
Horry county.
The old Episcopal church at
Goose Creek, near Charleston, was
reopened, with appropriate and im
pressive ceremonies, on Sunday the
3rd instant. It had been closed for
nearly a century.
Many farmers in the stato fear
that the warm weather recently pre
valent will damage the wheat and
oats crops. We trust they will be
agreeably disappointed.
The endowment of $200,000 for
Furman University, located at
Greenville, has been raised, and
the institution is now open for ten
years, free to all duly qualified ap,
plicants.
The Erskine College near Duo
West, in Abbobille county, is finan
cially straitened, and an appeal is
made in the columns of the Mevdium,
for aid. We trust it will be prompt
ly and liberally given.
Charleston, Sumter, ]Edlgefield,
Spartanburg, Clhesterlield, Marion,
York. Barnwell, Orangeburg, Wil
lianmsburg and Laurens have had
public meetings, to denounce the
election of Moses, Whipper and
Wiggin. So far, so good.
The Secretary of the Navy has
ordered a concentration of war-ves
sels at Port Royal- This is in pur
suance of the general plan of the
Secretary to make that port tho
headquarters of the North Atlantic
Squadron. Among its advantages
are the healthful climate, and harbor
capacity for drills.
At a recent tern of the circuit
court for Aiken county, it was
shown that the juries were impro
perly and fraudulently made up.
Judge Mahor at once set aside the
entire panel, issued bunch-warrants
for the arrest of the jury commis
sioners, and ordered an extra terma
of his court to be held in March.
At the public nooting held in
Barnwell, to protest against the
election of Whipper, Moses and
Wiggin, the usual enthusiasm pre
vailed, and it was unmistakably ex.
pressod in a series of resolutions.
In one of those Wig-gin is requested
to resign forthwith, and a memorial
ordered to be presented to the
legislature, urging the re-election of
Judge J. J. Maher.
~In the York meeting to dis-.
cuss the judlicial election HIemni
bal White, the black senator, openly
defendled and ap)plauidedl Whipper.
Under his influneo, nine-tenths of
the colored i e l present voted
against the resolutions approving
Gov. Chamberlain's action, but they
were passed by a considerable ma
jority. Only one white man voted
against them.
ML\r. Ira iA Hill, of Darlington,
diet some days ago. At the age of
sixteon years he entered the Con fed
erate army, and served gallantly
till the loss of an arm unfitted hiimi
for active service. Entering the
state universityr after the wvar, he
took a high stanid and obtained the
degree of Bachelor of Arts. His
literary essay, p~ronouicedI upon the
occasion of his receiving hiis diploma,
was considered among the best. He
entered upon the practice of law,
but his ill health soon compelled him
to abandon it. He died of consump
tion
The State seal of Indiana, which
represents "a full grown buffalo bull
deliberately rushing up to a granger,
who is chopping down a tree at suir
rise," is net by any means the most
remarkable of the devices employed
for that purpose. Ooorgia ofi'ers
something more astonishmng in a
picture of an absurd sumimer-hd6yme-, -
supported by three p~illars and
guarded by a Continental soldier 4
with wveak legs ; and Kentucky ac
tually presents a figure of Ucer.
Washingt on in the act of holding ip
an intoxicated friend, in order to
keep him from falling against a
book case in the back-ground. A fter
this California's dlevice of Minerve,
sitting on a stone, while a cinnatuoni
bear nibbles her left leg, seems air
tistic and nice.
ban woman, who, with her son of
fourteen years, com.mfugdN a detach.
ment of the rebel arany, She leads.
the insurgonts in pers~on, dressed in
a riding habit and mounted on a
Ainn hos and is at hbrave as n, lion.

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