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The Fairfield herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1849-1876, April 05, 1876, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026923/1876-04-05/ed-1/seq-1/

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WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, APRIL5,1876 NO.42
fF E I LE L LD
q b F.KI.Y BY
&A DA AS.
) i published Week
i + clip bor-o, at $3t:.00
ndvertiteente to be
YVt " c and 'Tribcaige $1.00
Ol toh Oot:on
the Shroveport 'T'iml'N.
viito tho gravo attention of
1 ting friends to the following
'hich iii tendorod them by a
3 1ound prLacticail sens0(, Ud
0 Ilno personal interest in the
? t We are well awarn how
1 ble :ard i8 paid by plantors to
Lh motins4 and ospcially if
f mo from editors, but it
oid em that this year's experi
tdo i j tld force upon tho A radi
n to ' in their mode of farming.
b as Fold theu seasun as l'' ats
h1a t half c(ents, andt thisi is
, ulit of 't-1 C%44- trop il two ways.
r.} E 11tt pl1aent, the market is
t and, in the second place,
Q'j l'. could not gather it before
htaple had been alost ruined
Iyt fash and dirt. Neither result
' uld have )ccurred if a smallor
It had bee11(1n planted in cotton
'is a self evident proposition.
grantge coulld aeccomlplifsh much
d it tis direcctianl, and also mulch
>d 1~ a sysltei regulating the
.O ut labor, It o'rlES to us that
o two poins 8 are of more vital
ortialo to tho intorosts of plant
thain anything beidElos to which
( (ir energIies cai be devot ed. tn
rtu'natcel y, howvor, if the plan
Uo8ed were10 agred to. ai largo
rtion of the plantors muight
u that as everybody else was
hoy would incOraso their
rop t and thus it might ro
is at IL larger crop would be
than if nothing had been
olti it,
'Tdifor 'imes: Allow mo, if you
a+{e, a space in your widely eircu
od paper tO adde(.ss a short letter
the planitors of t lie cotton States.
ping an invalid, I have visited the
uth in October. returnod north
l tact in May for the last five
ms, and have been ia close obsorv
t of the various interests of the
tonth in the dif'oreont.Statos. I hope
ilt 11.; not be nll illrsioln if I ofl'r a
un dclcided in my opinion that
the American cotton beolt of country
3 uneqlualledl by any part of the
globe. [I climate, forests. water,
ruit mid variety of productions
place it in) ia Uoilmanling position to
aipidly rLeicoer the late mfisortunes
)f war. But 1 have discovered thle
irror i:to which the planters have
allen. ro). one (1n1d of the country
the other they seem to think that
be soil wi3 1 prodico niothinlg but
otten, 1hl Ie wheat, oats, peas,
otatoc'. peany its, fruits, vecget'hbles,
Iij)(xW. and) vLie V ic rops are.IL n et..
l4, as though they coubhl not be
isdit thi>: belt.. Conisequenmtly
)ey14ave swlYled~ the c'otton) proE
rictionI V) 4,00)0,000) of ba~les, therebyh)
d3(uring thei pr1ico, un~Otil it is pro>
tucing a faful panic am~ioing.st
'hetu. They see the wrong, bni1 .stilI
puseit. If they would r111Iednee(' th<
c~ottoni erJop ani)d pro' 1bwe 2,000o.000O
,1dos, it wouIld bring~ 21 to. '25 eenIts
pc'r pounditl 1an-1 thereb~y furnish aii
much~l mIone(y asi 4.00).00 bal h~ es does
now. Beides, this wonl allow
4,000),00( (of a1cres' more to go int<
priiion c.r'op, whmih wold Ill
every barn17 and1 sm~okehouIse! with
uppl)11 ies, and( the m1oney', at $10(
.1)or I tile, would( be kep.t atL hlome
rail I than sent aibroad Iat heay)
.cos? nd high prices foir prVoviJionIs
You talk of inanigration. You wit
nota succee~d until you haIve hom<11
rupplies to invite inunlligrnlfts there
to ; a1 counftry so) desititulte of pro
vIiis ils looked on with suspic'ior
andt dloubit. A chaingo, radical
change, mlust take plaIce ill Southerr1
planting before she recovers,, and
len~'1tiful all over theL landi, immigra
tionl will fhlw in to it ; yourI lands wvil
enlhance(' inl vaie(, andit your fortune
wyill be a1s in formier years.
acres are cultivalted to got 4.000,00(
a1cres would give you the 2,000,00t
bales and Ilave you 4,00)0,000 acres
is alrealdy in1 use~ for yourI pr~ovision
puirposes. With the aiddition (o
the 4,000),000) acres,' one( croph alIom
coe* to be ind~ui.trioulsly seekinig t<
*heap, aii'o still they fail to striki
the key-n( o of success, They ma;
get 'cotton trnsl(por'ted, stored( an<
tsold free of co(st, and1( grow p)ooro~
*overy year, while they toil inl cottoi
fields only, and1( neglect their pro:
orn farming will be gratifying to thi
merfci(lhat1Is wh o are anullyfI~ ~ preso<
to at11ord supplhlos for people1 wi
could1( easily produ(hce them. It ma;
be0 said( that it, affords a profit t.
me ebnts. Not so. Producei
cost, owing to liietutan in priece
s ~till the mierc'hant groans .underi
.93 smabithhbllyht h. su f'er mor le or lesi
Would it not please ia cotton fac
tor to handle one bale of cotton
worth $100 rather than two bales
$ )0 each 1 His profit or coin
mission would be the same on the
one bale as on the two, with half
the labor. Again, would it not give
cheerfulness to the mnanufacturers
who would have their large stock of
goods Sioloeted In a word, this
change of Southern planting would
relieve the money panic as soon as
it was certainly knowti that the
policy wis adopted.
Sir, this can be effected only
through the grangers. They have
societios in every neighborhood in
the United States. Lot each socio
ty appoint a committee to confer
with his neighbor who is not a
granger, and got his consent and
approval of the policy to plant only
one-half the usual crop. They can
handle the one half crop better, pro
dueing a good quality, and place
American cottons where they of
right belong--the boat in the world.
Now, sir, pt the ball in motion,
koop it before the peoplo and lot all
the papers throughout the United
States write, publish and cry aloud
to redeem the land. Let State
granges with all their subordinate
granges como forward in the cause.
Let the merchantts and the politi
cians exhort the people to save
themselves from further ruin.- I
hlope you may induce your contempo
raries to keep the subject bo fore the
people until the object is accon
1lished.
LAnosr SNAKE IN AMRIuCA.--In
the zoological gallery of Dr. uin
niinghamn, Carthage, Missouri, may
be seen the greatest nativo American
wonder extant-a snako twenty
Seven feet, eight inches in length
and seventont inches inl circumnfer
once, resembling in many particu.
lars the Tiger Python of Africa,
coiled in tremendous folds, with
head orot., mouth open and mamn
moth forked tongue protruding as if
about to gulp down at one spring
everything in reach. This snake,
which 'Dr. Cuiningham has namod
the Load Python of the Southwost,
is, without doubt, the largest
American roptile over captured. he
history of its capture is about as
follows : w'w miners in Hickory
county were returning home from a
prospect inl thou woods in the latter
part of July. accompanied by a
large dog. While passing a thicket
on the banks of a stream they were
attracted by a hissing or gushing
noise followed immediatoly by a lond
yell from the dog and a crash among
they bushesi. On approaching the
spot i hey leheld tihe terrible monster
in the at of swallowing the dog.
They find. but soon returned and
succeeded in claturing the reptile
wihilo gorged. 'ho weight of the
snake when lirst takon waslalbout30()
po undsmL.t. Lmcaru. T/imes't.
D IOrrrimo.--- (en treville Grange
of Colleton Counity, of which Mr. I.
S. 3edonm is Mater, has declaired
that great destitution is likely to
I prevail in that portion of the State
during the present year. A conmnit.
tee reports that the farmers were
crip~pled by tihe dlisastr-ous results of
I he war. and by the sudden fall in
tihe price of long sitale cotton andi
thet tranlspositionl to the cultivation
of short staple cotton -and that the
total failure of all crops, both of cot
toni and~ of provisions last year,
minakes the prospet for thme cominig
iuma'mer alamrming. The11 besIt farm.
era 5 d id not mai~ke prIovisions
eniouigh to las-t thm until tile first
of Febrl-ury. In1 thir e*xtemity
they huave enilled upon01 thme Mafster of
thii Staite Grainge fori counel
declarirng that, however distasteful
it imay he. thley will lbe complelled1,
inll pr1obaifliity, to ask for aid from
ter brethren.
Wmsur . >iiiim.-TIheO Police
Judges of New York City ray in
the'ir report:
"The offence which most engross.
Os the aitte-nition and most frequently
calls for action on thme part of the
magistrate is intoxication. Upon
this charge, including cuas.es whore
the ~o~ence wals accomnpaniied by disi
ordlerly conduct, thore Were ar
ii raigned 36,09)1, oif whomi 25,786 were
- males and 11,305 were females. 01
l this mimbe(r thiere wVerei coonvicted
,~l~ andlnod 22,617 or about 68 per
cent., of whom 15,818 were malocs and
3,669) were femalmes. Almost onie
I half of the total nmnber ofenases eon.
I siderod were cases of inltoxication,
) and it is -stiilma~ited thiat thes-e and
other cases which arc diretly and
indiirectly due 1to thi us~e of intoxi
ea tilng li(pior conlstitulte from 75 tc
90 perlC cent. of all the business of the
piolice couirts."
A judge ini M~omniiorth county
New Jersey, on(o caultioniOd an old
negro who had beenCi acquitteid, nol1
to lbe found ill hadu company again.
"Much 'hlige to yo. Marsa," lie rO
plied1, "I ahis 'spect yon aidwise
buIt (de fact am1, Marsai, dat gooL
.comp~lany and~ had company look s<
.nmnch alike dat ois nigga cant toll di
rj difference until lhe git right in 'em 5'
A young American lady who has
enijoyed the raire privilege of taking~
> a stroll with the poet Trennyson, in
a ciderntally mentioned in a letter to
t friend that "it seriously affected thi
1. romane of the situation when ho
t paulse3d duriing the walk t~o scratcl
hi a nk againist aigl 0ntennut.
Some Reminiscences of Stonewall
Jackson as a Professor.
From the Richmond Dispatch.
Stonewall Jackson as a lieutenant'
during the Mexican war, and as a
"3ollonia bridegroom" in Con feder
ate times, is reasonably well known
to the world. The "Life" of Dr.
Dabney is in many respects worthy
of the illustrious subject and of tho
able and accomplished author. But
this "Life" and all the other "Lives,"
are m;inly devoted to the task of "
depicting the Christian warrior,
and as this )F the character in
which Jackson lig nred most
conspicuously, aind in which he was
most fully hitmiself, it was natural
and proper that the biographel~rs
especially with this manifestation of I
the mn. '
Still, as a matter of fact, it is
known that Jackson spentit a con
sidorab.le p~ortion of his lifo in the
iposition of "Professor of Natural
Philosophy and Artillery," in the
Virginia Military Instituto at
Lexington ; and it must be manifest
to the observant. reader that this
portion of his life has been but
scantily treated by his biographers.
This, however, is not due to any
neglect on the part of those writ
ers, for they well know that all to
intelligent readers would dlesiro to
know how Professor Jacksioni lived :
how he taught his classes ; wh1at
was his method of instruction
what hle said and did in the lcecture
room ; indeed, almost everything
which would throw any light uponI
the c(hlaracter and conduct of the
man who said so little and did so
mutch.
But the truth is, that there was .
precious little to tell about this J
period of General Jackson's life.
A biography of a great literary man
is apt to he little iuore than a rie
;iew of his wo)rks ; the buigraphy
of thinker a must often le simply an
account of his thinking and its
results ; and the biography oif a"
teacher, though he he a prince in his
profession, will not often prosen t
much that is very new or very
striking , to the non professional
reader.
But Jackson's life as a teacher 3
was singularly and oxceptionally
m ionlotonous.---He had his text
books, and hi prescribed the le
sons, and at the appointed time he
"hoard" them ;and this was about
all of it. Discussions in the class '
room were almost miknown. and
even "explanations" were very
uinfrequent. The text was the one
great thing which lhe came to
"hcar,"' and we camne to "say"'-if
to could-and most of us commU1on- s
ly couldn't, when the said text
was Bartlett's C<.urse of Natural
Philosophy.
Poor Allen. He wias my room
mate the first year, and with Wil
liams and Patton and Slaughter
:mid myself miade lip "Room No.
13." Whero are they now ' Allen,
Patton and Williams all fell at I
Gettysburg-all young lawyers, all '
colonels of Virginia regiments, all l
of the same .celass (1,55 )-and t
Slaughter had been ..isab.ledl for
life before the sad (lay on which our
r'oomi mates fell. -.
WhnIwas in the "third class"* I
I used to sece All1en tugging over
"Old Jack's'' terible lessonsfl in<
Bartlett's Optics ;and1 one dlay 1
opened the book, anid on the flyleaf
found the following stanzat, which I
suspect was Allen's owni
""fi, said lhati Opjtie's t r't of !ight,
lBut oh I bl~t)ieve~ it not. myi lark ;'
l've studiead it with all my mzight,
Amti still it ' left mae in the' dark .'
Major Jackson seemod to he perl
factly iat htomei in long anid in tri
catto equaltions and1( otLher imathemiati
cal formulae whui makek' up~ so large
a portion of Bartlett's Mechanies,
Optics,. and1 Acoustics, and Spherical
Astronomy ; and mnany of his pupils
often wondered if there was in the
th lree vohuies an equation the
formulhe of which "Old Jack" could
not rep~eat by heart.
Arnd yet, with all his accurate and
minute knowledge of the course,
there was very little teaching done
in that department, unmless teaching
be made to mean the p)rescribingj
and~ hearing of lessons. The truth
is, that teaching, in the modgrn
sense of the termn, wVas not Jackson's
fo;rte. lie was aL man of marvelous
ly few words ;had no turn for' ex
planiation ;seemed to have no talent
for putting things inl various points
of v'i(ew, so as to adapt themi to the
various mental conditions of his
p~upils.
Tlhotuigh I dr1ilhled under1m himi for'
sonme three years, and r'ecited to
him daily for a year and a half, I
never saw him laugh outright. A
Ier qu(Iiet, subdued sor't of smile I
was the nearest thing to laughterI
that I ever saw him indulge in ; an (1
these smiles wore ver'y un frequmuit,.
and( ocen rrod when uncomonloity,
luidicrious~ things took pilace in his
If Fulkerton put on a collar made
to order out of about three quatrters
iof a yard (of linen, and then con
nulsed the class with laughlter at the
grave but outrageously ladicrons way
in which lie wYore that collar in the1
class room, Major Jackson would
smile, knowing as he did that tihe1
collar was the single visible article1
of wecaring apparel of wiyc~h the
regulations did not rigidly prescribe
the "form and substance."
If Davidson Pennt put (In an u
')mnmonly serious face and ask<
iapparontly inl gqod faith), "Maje
!an a cannon be so bont as to matl
t,. shoot around a corner ?" tl
)rofIsor of artillery would not aho
the slightest sign of merrimont or
11patiolneo, but would, after a n
neut of apparently sober rele
ion, reply, "Mr. Penn, I reckon
1ardly."
We could never decide whoth
is gravity On such an occasion wi
'eal1 or assiiued. I have often wvo
lere.1 if Jackson managed to pr
;orvo his gravity when he read
sertain "excuse" handed in by Han
)rick.
We had been at artillery drill, an
Iaibrick, along with the root of r
hird class men and "'lobos,"' ha
o Ierform the rather troulo)oi
lutty of pulling the Ctnlol. Jaci
on had given the connand (i fl
-orito one with him,) "Limbor an
ai"s'ms, pas your pieces, troi
narch 1" Hambrick failed to trot a
he command, and was reported lib
rackson. Tho next nornin
ho following oxouso awn
mnded in : "Report-Cadet Han
>rick, not trotting at artillery drill
xcuso : I amLi a natural pacer."
dIajor Jackson .did laugh who
1o read this, none of uts over foun<
t out, for the document was probI
>ly road privatoly
A New Oapitalist.
He didn't look as if hil pockei
told fifty conts. but a rich man has
ight to dress ats h0 chooses. H
toked u1) Griswold street unti
e saw the right kind of a face, an
hal he askel :
"C-in you show me t bank ?"
"Yes, -ir : threo doors below, o
iist ne1ross the street, or right baC
here.
"Thainks. I'd like to put som
oney in some b)ank, hut I'm a littl
fraid of banks. I always did pref.
, ot, of hand to ia bank."
The citizen pricked up his ear
nd asked:
"You Ihai v so1m0 mnoei' to lent
:avo y"ou ?'"
"A trille," was tho answer. "D
on know of anybody who'd like t,
k. some and give me a not, for
ear at seven per cout ? I think 0
oing to Mexico for a while."
"Let's Meo ?" mu)1sed the citizen,
on't know but .d take some m
olf.
"LRemnme gel a drlk. and the:
ro'll talk," said the stranger.
"Yes, certainly ; como on," reple
hie citizen, and the two wont into a
asement. Drinks wore ordered 1
he citizen, said on aifter anothem
.ntil his shinplansters felt lonely. H
iid hie could make good use of
cn' thonsand dollars for a year, am11
o0me of his friends might also take
few thousand more. The strange
nt d..wn gin, whiskey, lager am
irandy initil his legs gave out. ''hl
itizen laid him on a bench and trio<
o sober him, but. the follow wen
end asleep while they were tryinm
s) force vinegar down his throat
'he barkeeper said he was an ol
infer, and i policeIman was sent fo
o take him to the station. Whoi
hey got him down t.hre an
earched him, they found four centsh
b rass-bawcd comb and au door ke
n his p)ockets, and the citizen w~h<
'anltJd to borrow a few thmousan
lollar's, wenit to see if the mail ha<L
0omo ji.-hI)Vt r 1itFre .1Pre.s.
A Win:'s .t:NeJ.:4.-A very die
ingnished lawyer of Richumond, whl
Lrs passed" the mamridian of life, an
11ns wo]) reno(wn as an orator and1(
isti~, siays thle Peutor'sburg Inde'.
vas addr'es:ing thme 'ourt reecutly
.nd1 was inm ite idst of au brilliani
e'gument whien heO saw his wif'e-th
101) of his heart-enter the r'oon
U) ait once' bcame1fl confused0(, on
onelnhmded1 with some1( abruptusa. I
vas thme first time his wife~ had1 hmear,
liim speaIk. Feazrfuil thaut lhe woul
mot maiuko ai decidedly favorable im
>hanutly faced judges, juries, logie
ative asse3 miblages, mass11 mlOtingR
>olitical conventions, anid tihe las
>f;. thme literat,' suiccumbed, he
oro one who in her love for hin
vouild hamve sooni onily tihe gems c
mis speech, and whose critic:ar
iould havo beeon fullest praise.
Thei1 lonigest night inI Norway lisf
hree montis, land, wh'Ien a 0o1n1
nanll goes to) 0n hins gui, hOr miothei
>eforo r'etir'ing, tells her niot to i:
mr11 ihalith by sitting up miore tma
A 'jutstice of the peaneni
ihehoyganm, ichiol., rmarried a (01
lie, aind for pay look ani or'der onthi
>r'idetgroomr nieighbior' for a "bam
>f straiw,"amnd as h~e took too 1irg
I load( tho groom hasi Ilnlod him t
nako him rm-funud.
an of Now' Hampshire, in annwo
'cently to an inquiry as5 to thm
anuse of the graniid ane(cess5I rotoni1
y, relietd thast it wvas duem to th
1hap)o given to the~ con1test by thm
p1)00ches of Mr'. Blaine anid of th
.leooerats whio) repljied to him
Economy is the parent of iniegri
y, of liberty and of ease ; an't thi
4iitor of temipor'ance, of chorful
amess, and health, Prmofusonoes 01
Shie contrary, is a cr'uel and1( traft;
lemon, that gr'aduually involvot he
rol lowers ini dependence and <bbt
Elhmt$ is fnettea them with im-ny tihn
Wlholesonme LtL~Vs.
We 1)tlI)1is13 to-day sovoratl acts of
the logislatt ire, pased a~t 1.1e 1,r(4sett
84255i011, WS'h1(Il are of g4Ide'IlI ilitor
014t to t110i coilnLtmity.
1. Thuj Act pun isiiutg PQRO1~ai c01)
teliig Itloy iuder fi'audlonf, p)r(
teiice iH4 said to bet it ('O}y of tll(,
not, ilo ('olup1lte'i' 11 folloWingt
(luc!Od in~to the klegisllt tro so'VOp"td
4E(8Hio1I11i ago. it will Ipl')b1L1hly
N~ v thr pur1pose0 of prating into
tratdosxulnn \v110 1, 'fore ifs i JhLsstig.
(could litvc laughbed athl 1f~tdt
2. The11 Act~ io an~endo thle Geneoral
Jfleorporatiou A~t see~ks to r'em~edy
wh~at has 'Lean held to he' 11 very
gravo 01missio0n ill the "l4ltat.e.
Jiia Constitultion of the' Stalt( 1re,
quires thait alhl general iJle()1pora."
tion laws shouild contain at pl.oisiol
fixing the li&.lilit~y of Stoekhloldcrs.
* T'he "Act to provide for the( grunit.
ing of certain ciha~rters," pal~sed at
thle Sessuion of 1873---'74, c'ontins no
such1 provision. The presentf, aii wiid.
moat makes the liaility IFinlihla to)
that of S~tockhoders of Medhizuiieal,
Miining 'and Mann fIctn1'iing (ioipa.
flios formed under Chapter 'LXIV.
of the ntevi weld Statutes.
3. T.1he Act. re1lt.in1r to) rtes by
exector1as i :$11lp1v it very C'''
-'l.Odinlary omiionH~ Inrl:1 ini th ( (Gun"
ei1:tl' or" *Bl evi1:e' 1 Si(itu.'. i)'" the.
C.)nnis 98111 to eoxti fy the lw.I
Cane 1111\" eW~C'it4'' s'IOUl1 l'(fllso to
(llii3 1ullj'I2 it l eC~th~ihf il Ita
pI)O'ei' of :;:te, 1b the _1(' 'o 21e1rVI .off ' lliisfitt,
tillIr, \\"h,) cull 2(1 if IjILI v e:'a' :thlo\\"'t
t") *'x('(1ltij i"15 \\'V('w . i'll' 'a't olf
not1'V i ilijS(.1l l the (;, u~l
tiiV(!14 11;1 ii l .2 * d iuf c ( i i it al
IV IllISCI)l WIIet It i it i; 'UN; I"I' 't4~l
11111'il'; 1ni e i' t(::' I J 4)'YI4, (C"
(!I-imocd1 bya, ill l+' : iilt )V I' "-e(t1
Co- x(euf or haul ren:u v,1~t. '11i4
J)Iasiult Act ('tn 1()' s (he 1,''r 11814)1
of thuAto 1e1yado u Y1 s to easles WVhcre th1p )MN l:" ii
givl. not.ol JP)I pvyaelt of
debts1,, but "'for ally, nutrnue Whait.
Te At(t poi.iiaiaie
of1 passin3g clohin~s ztgaiut the StaLet(
by the G.,I eral Assezub~ly" is cor'
thinly it step in the righlt dirction.
At pl'01401t a1 clim~i against tihe State1,
is estab1lishied wheni it 111ts been
voted upion 01)40 in the ]-I ou-e ald
011(11 ill Lilo Seniate, W1athIott thes
G3overnor's iapprov~tl. "I\" tils .'(t"
ILO 81 U11 i ('42 ( i ofI '.11 t t.''
Juhlist. thIeni Till I h 114 ' l Iel: 'II It
\'(t"') IUC ; ':l' i )S Ii . 1 1 1''r i I l l '1'.\
are meadvcl fur ill)erti1)13 into0 1111
approra~iation1)hi1 l.-- _l;7 u". (((lr
Cour/ier,
'rie Coiteninal :;hour.
'L (i4 ' N e w Yo rk( .Jb /a , 8;tV \. o f tl i l a 1 . i t .; x S t ue
Onily t fifty ,'(Il nt.o %%1( ill be re
ecfived1 for ILflI)Ii'.MjfI. 1. r.{ e, ll13 g
Matnntactui'o of Pailslltn TrOYS.
A tlyoAnp WhoE 11.18 everi wvalkced
throllgh 0110 of the great toy-iti
bortiiii.r bions('s il Paruis tit Iuolidavl
f dul ?IIE(l)''J;1 perap od'rE'd at ut he
I tl.Rtf' 1111(1 iligr litiy diSp~af. "e I b
tho t"'uticlt wovamni ill devisilg;
lutily of ti )14) 1 mos, bltltzflI jdavt
1.1i ngsC, WVo1ILd hairdlly i 1ItgiI1 (IIit
4)(141 OflCs 10)o 5011101m ifEs. aitfi hurgely
Used ill tioll 'trisianl t V in hustry.
.I"tlegatty dPE'41e41 (lolls;, tr'ie1~ed oubtI
iii all Ihr lie'illtIItlllt f i1 thte latest
f:lS i('II, (tlol wih i(1 et.'hit i'Oerllil)le
IliOCeS ohl this ii1 of the Allan 1tie,
ini t.1 he l 1('24, lirrlLXed for a
111010o Mu0g, or fromt the useless
warr1olbes after" it lay hie. hand a
loll" ruln. '1'lie eo\e~riflgs of old
pilt 10F1 and P()o'ketl aolk i I hed muitt'
of the( gutter' b)y tlhl'p-eyed rag
piCtuL" furnish theo miater'ial for tim
(loll boo ma hed~r. (1 hi FtliiiO
Iboxesi andl ('ils vild fltei' plate to
the~ man'fac'tur(,rt of ha rr(111 for toy
gunslai '!'ho lithle W oo(illi or metal
tire' Ol4ttljlie'1 froml th1( rofluqi of
-ny jiduxtslry in w htieh artlels
ItiL"iltg eir('illaLr oi)E'0 jugs areO ljl :Ltle.
Wi~lle I ll ("111e1i ghI1154I stands, l of
W \hl and' Isiii21)11 jowc II~) bttles,
J roid uP ii iVElcs tif 1.1("1 &4it~tit
is ll \(1 11 ) i ll.' til '' 0 1('1 1' 1 1(
AIt21I 1' lde :tI''is kiii\v '- 111.1 c
be t 1121.Cl d'o.l ot d r Ii.': Inll
6tt4 (1-olt. o)"' >C2iit6t-r, 81111
is(: C) "lte t to J Si:,i '.l ihi'5.l for l.l
Id hot it1i'at) L'(11E:21' 1114's kPritie fl 'ii
1, i) etitt i 11,, ii'lt of reilti ofd
frcll I,,-%". m u 'IlC~" hiJi jut 6) t'fn
lti'1ll a 6tttlt(,t'Ll" p1 'duct''l . i)1
(, +'lia rl'v' .i c 4c I~a' it ;"i ig iyliiof
i I)(. .d1 C'tLi ll dshoito a ef
r:i:.--C::tjl's(1' l't ltiri: '1i tre;t
nfill ilI. "'Iwo sa tdSt6)1 i ad lties
hutif filled with winet or sp~irits are'
balils. Vto at i 1 ifs te liu
otttltied, andl Ite red hot nioiitli of
t 1.11 , tl is aipplic.l to the into,
zand held thleret until it is filled Withl
bilood, Vwlefl thie Hslil)0 E'oiti'is 1
piinil('(l With1.)0h othit'1 Ilattle. A
(lt IiC'ill o f 1lre, 1)! tvi'.1i wSill
giveut' )ill' I11('11 hii, l' c:1u '?(, Iitalso
tell ulays.
'\\ 12011 hirdt; ";l~ti1 I'll warbleI, bitt.
wh eni a tl Pl)ri.5 "'hiE2~.I ({(1(0,1 1.
AllJ the etiuhly,Ecl's of the Concord(
pl~(ld to sign I he t 4.mti1tt')ai ce ledlge.
'l'h i1. .'o s WI)vg- of alt~ 'ri horn~s
1.('14 )A )w("C ill l 4.('itI '" latst Veatr. inl
WIti!(l 1.553 autIn tClh.re 'iahd tor
1(1 BEAUREGARW ON MANASSAS.
Frorn the New Orleans Picautw".
e Nilw ORLEANS, March, 7, 1876.
w DEAR SIR--I avail myself of ti
. first opportune mtomitenit to answei
your ltter of the 17th uilt., inquir
ing of me, 'lv ili commantl at tih
time, Wly the pursuit of the Feder
als immediately after their rout al
r the battle of Manassas, July 21
ts 1861, was Suddenly checked alm(
the Confederato troops recalhed
towarid Manassasuiv ?
toadbaasa I will fiest state that, thtough1 wit.1
- General Joseph E. Johuston's ett
sent I exercised the commtld dur
di'ng the battle, at its close, after .
S t ordered all the troojp on tic
d hold in. pursuit, I went pe1rNol1all3
e to the Lewis House and relingnish
odIthat connand to him. 1 then
started at a gallopsto take immedi
ate charge of the pursuit on the
Centreville turnpike, but was soon
overtaken by a courier front
y Manas'as, with a note addressed to
mo by Colonel T. G. Rhett, of Gen
oral Johnston's staff, who had been
loft thorn in the morning to forward
that General's troops as they might
arrive by rail from Winchester.
Colonel Ithett thereby informed
me that a strong body of Federal
troops had crossed the Bill Run
at. Union Mills Ford, on our right,
and was advancing on Msnassuas,
our depot of snpplies, whicb had
been neccssarily lft very Iweakl'
guarded. I hurried back to th'
Lowis House to communnicato this
important despatch to Geicral
Johnston, and both of no helieiviin'
the information to be aut lentie', Y
unlrtook to rep'til to the tilroatenO
,.d quarter with E'voll' samiii Hohnos'
brigados, at that moment ne.ar1 tuite
Lewis House, where they had just
:Arrived. too late to tako part in the
action. With thse troops I en
I gaged to ai.tack the eneuly vigr
ously before ho coubl eflfet. a
l( lodgment onl oulr side of Unill Rutn
but asked to be reinforced ts s;(oon
its pr 1(tati ale by su1ch1 troops as
might he spared from'the Centre
Vlle pursuit.
Having roaeoebd the n car vicinity
of Union Mills Ford vithout meet
, ing any enemy, I as''ertained, to
my surprise, that the reported
hostile passage was a false alarm
growing out of soime Movements of
our own troops (ia part of General
D1). R. Jones' brigade,) who had
been thrown across the run in the
norning -piusuant to my ofrfensive
plan of operation for the day, and
upont their return now to the south
baik of the run were ie aken
through their similarify of uniifort
for tie fedo'ale. I etiuru'ed to
inte'rcept the, mat eh of tie two
brig;adds who w'er fllo'twing me
toward Uiion Mills, and as it wa;
quite dark wheni I moet. them, and
they were-grneatly jaded by their
long mtIarih anld c)unorti' reitl,
during that hotJaly day. I dire'cted
them~t to halt and bivoitate where
they were. Hearing that P:'resident.
Davis and General ,Johnstemuv had
orune to Manassas, I returned and
found -thim bet.weAen half-part linlu
and ten o'clock at my headqular
T1his will explain t~o you wh y 1.1 (
partial "retriogatde moiv'emnt." to
which you refer, was mvade,~ and whvy
no1 sustined Vigorous I181 prut o~f
Mcilowell'si army wa.s munde that
evening.
Any put suit of the Federals ntext
day, towar'd their rallying poiant at
and ar'ound Long Brvi. g, over' thae
P~otomiac, conl have led to no pot4si
blo mvilitaryi' vlvanitage, pro'tectedua as
that position was by a system 'of
tfield( wor'ks, Nt) mlovemtt tupjon
Wasinugton by) that rotuto amizd
hve~ been possible, 101' ovena if
Lhere hatd bein 110 .sneh works thte
Ibridge-a mile inl lengt.-as con lil
m ndii~ed by F"edorali ships) of war:'
anvod a fow pieces or arltillery, 0or thio
-destruction of a smalvil par't of the
-bridge could hlave n12do1 i plasvsage
- impracticatble.
Ou nly prot'por oeainwst
tpass the Potomac abovo, into Mary
land. at or about Edwar'ds' Ferr'y;
and march upon Lihe roar of Wash
fington With the hopo) of tmnder'
'taiking snch ai mtovemnettI hadit causetd
a reconnoissane of the coutry and
shor'o (south of the Potomnae) ini tht
Iquarter to be mtade inl the muonthi of
.Junie, bu t tihe nece('SSary transpsorta
', tionl, even for' tivthe ammunlitioni (essn
ittal to such ai mtovtemettl, hadl not
> been prlovided for my foreo.3, not
wvithstaindig my1 a11pheatio n for' it
dur'ing more~ thani a mtihh b efore.
hand, 110r wias ther'te L tty-four
hour1' food it, Manaivssas for at'thv
1tr'oops b roughit. together' for thait
b~attlie.
H)leN. .JNo, (' F.imuss.
P'1lease, stu', whaivt's theo fare from
D)ublin to (lasgowv !" inquj~irCd a.on1
of the Em4leraldi11 (lion daty (af thle
clevrk of' a sipilpingf aoice. "Eightt.
LIen shillings," re&plied the tthe'.
"An' what d'yo chairgo for ai pig 01'
a low ?" "Oh, 1s, (hd. for a pig, anrd
as. for a cow," "Wellb" r'epliod
Pat, 'abook( mev as ai pig."
'When a. man11 empities the pock1etH
of his coat prepoaravtor'y to laying it
vout for repairs, thlere's nothing that
makes his consien~ico got uiponi hist
hind logs quicker thlan tie sight of
thmootr his wifo gaive hiim to mail
t.v...on.....a.

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