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Yorkville enquirer. volume (None) 1855-2006, January 03, 1861, Image 2

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Meetings in forty-six counties in Texs
have adopted secession resolutions.
The Pittsburg coal dealers are talking (
sending no more coal South, for the presen
The Yote at Hernando, Miss., for del<
gates to the State Convention, was 214 fc
the secession ticket, and one vote for th
* Union ticket.
Resignation.?Capt. John Dunovani
of Chester, belonging to the 10th Infantry
U. S. A., has tendered his resignation, t
take effect from the 20th ultimo.
"Yankee Doodle" was lately hissed a
the Mobile Theatre, and the audience force
the orchestra to play the "Marseillaise" ir
- stead.
Served Him Right.?Senator Andre
Johnson, of Tennessee, who recently delii
ered a speech favoring the coercion of t)i
Beoeding States, has been burnt in effigy i
Customs.?Hon. W. F. Colcock, th
Collector of the port of Charleston, collec
ed $1000 on the 29th ultimo; for the us
and benefit of the Republic of South Cai
9*.. olina. v
Confirm vhon.?The Baltimore Patru
states that it is able to affirm the correctnes
nf Waw Vnrlr Tmlmne's announcemei
that "Mr. Lincoln is opposed to any conces
sion or compromise."
A Central Confederacy.?Ex-Goi
- } Morehead, of North Carolina, has expresse
himself in favor of a Confederacy of th
Central free and slave States, in the event c
a dissolution of the present Union.
Alabama.?Gov. Moore has issued
proclamation for an extra session of th
Legislature of Alabama, to convene 01
January the 14th, to "provide for such exi
m-. genciesas arise under the action of th
Convention, or otherwise."
Council of State.?Governor Picken
-has appointed Hon. D. F. Jamison, o
Barnwell; Hon. A. G. Magrath, of Chai
leston; Hon. C. G. Memminger, of Charles
ton; and Hon. A. C. Garlington, of New
berry, as Counsellors of the State. Th
appointment has been confirmed by tb
The' Mississippi Convention will consis
of eighty odd separate Secessionists agains
less than twenty Co-operationists. Adams
Warren and Tishemingo are the only coun
ties that have given majorities for co-opera
tion. *The Mississippi Convention will em
brace as large an array of talent as was eve
assembled in the South.?Ar. O. Delta.
The "Republic of South Carolina!
The deed is done! lhe noble ralmett
State has vindicated her honor and asserte<
her sovereignty before God and the world
Let Black Republicans carry out thei
threats, and pollute hersoil by invasion, am
half a million of Southern meir who neve
knew fear, will spring to her defence.
Aslieville News.
J* Death of J. H. Ingraham.?Rev. J
H. Ingraham, formerly of Mobile, thewel
known author, of "The Pillar of Fire,'
"!?be Prince of the House of David," am
other popular works, died at Holly Springs
Y "'Miss., last Tuesday night. The cause o
his death was a wound from a pistol, whicl
was. accidentally discharged as he was ta
king it home from the gunsmith's.
A Cancer the Result of Using Pin,
as Toothpicks.?The Harrisburg (Pa
Telegraph says : "A lady has been in thi
habit of picking her teeth with pins. 1
trifling humor was the consequence, whicl
terminate! in a cancer. The brass am
quicksil'.er used in making these pins wil
account for this circumstance. PiDs an
?1 ntn*in J a f Ua frtnf Vi on/) eVinnl/
ai nay a pciuiuuuo tu tuc aju ouuun
never be used for toothpicks."
Position of Hon. Jeff Davis.?A
much interest is manifested regarding th<
position of the Hon. Jefferson Davis, o
Miss., upon the question of secession, w<
may remark that the Vioksburg Sun statei
that dispatches have reached there from th(
whole Mississippi delegation, including
Senators Davis and Brown, advising imme
diate secession?those from the latter i
represents as having created a most pro
* found sensation in political circles. Tbej
both concur, according to the statement o
the Sun, in believing that there is no safe
ty for the South as long as she remains it
the Union, and the best course for her t(
pursue is to declare her immediate separa
finn frnm nnrfk trifkmif fnrflioi* rlolur
Moving in the Right Direction.We
clip the following from the WilmiDg
ton Herald, a journal that has been ver
bitter in its opposition to disunion. Wi
suggest to our cotemporary, that a promp
movement to a Southern Confederacy ii
each of the Southern States is the only wa
to prevent war:
If war results from secession it will no
surprise us, for we have always contendei
that pepceable secession was aG impossibil
ity. We have contended against it to th
last, but, if war is to come, all Southeri
men, we trust and believe, will be foum
shoulder to shoulder in the fight. We hav
denounced the disunionsts, because w
thought it to be our duty to do so, but aj
ter powder ha.? been burned in this contesi
the men of the South are brothers.
Coast Fortification Begun.?Th
citizens of Beaufort, through Col. Joh
Barnwell, as authorized by Major Genera
Schnierle, have'erected a redoubt upon th
outskirt of their town, intended to protec
them from attack by any foreign power.The
work is well executed, and at thi
azma/? r>nnnlr? /lAmnlotn^ tf noncicto r\4r
ClLliU UCUUJ WUJ^JVWVU. - a.u vi/uocovo xjt.
half sunken battery, with moat ten fee
wide, pierced for three eighteen pounder
now in possession of the town authorities
The ramparts are compactly sodded wit!
turf cu< from- the edge of th: neighborin
marsh. The redoubt is situated to th
west of the town upon the highest spot i
that neighborhood, at an elevation of abou
thirty-five feet above high-watermark. ]
commands the Port Royal river toward th
southeast, the front, and also the rear of th
town.? Charleston Mercury.
Abkansas.?The following dispatc
shows that Arkansas is wheeling into lin
with her Southern sister States:
Little Rock, Dec. 21.?The bill fo
calling a State Convention has passed th
House of Representatives by a vote of 81
to 30, and all parties, especially the Bel
and Everett party, are for it. The Conven
tion will meet in February, and I can tel
you that if the secession feeling increases ii
intensity from now until then as it has in
creased within the last two weeks, an ordi
nance of immediate secession will be passec
at once. Even the so called "moderati
men" are for action with the Cotton States
There is nobody for unconditional submis
sion. Blue cockades are to be seen every
where in abundance. If a man wants a fight
- he has only to abuse South Carolina in th<
13 streets, and if the Palmetto State sbouh
need assistance, be assured she can rely oi
^ Arkansas sending her 10,000 men, abl
and willing to fight for her and maintaii
5- the cause of the South.
e Cljf iflrkbilk fawmn
t WILLIAM M. MARTIN. ^ Columbia, a.L
d =================
J- /
Since our last paper, Yorkville has been th
theatre of great excitement, apart from tha
common to the Christmas holidays. The Con
vention and Legislature being in session, grea
e interest was felt in their action, when, lo ! oi
fc- Friday morning the down train of cars ran part
ie ly off the track, five miles this side of Chester
r- consequently no mail was received that day, o
the cars could not return. Another train wa
}( sent down on Saturday morning; when abou
!S ten miles distant, it ran into a wood car, am
wa-* so injured as to be unable to proceed. Th
, mails were received about dark in the evening
bringing the intelligence of the passage of th
Ordinance of Secession. The news wa3 receive*
" with the wildest enthusiasm by all sexes am
conditions; the cannon boomed forth its rollinj
? thunder, while rifles, shot guns, pistols am
crackers, gave evidence that old and young Car
olina, were in the "exuberant." Our patriot!
a fellow-citizen, W. A. Latta, Esq., had prepare*
e for the glad tidings, by preparing his large an*
Q capacious mansion for illumination, which wa
i- soon a blaze of light, and the great^centre of at
e traction. Others among our citizens, who lik*
certain "virgins" had not their oil prepared
g nevertheless extemporised the occasion witl
f hearty good will, showing what might have bee!
more general, had time permitted. The prem
ises of several of our townsmen were throwi
open, and ample justice done to "tLe generoui
More, so, perhaps than was consisten
e with 'good fetling" next day. Sunday wai
quiet, as is usual in our town, but Monday
brought out the big gun, little guns and the dar
' kies, the latter institution seeming, to enjoy i
t Caiolina Christmas out of the Union as well ai
'> in it. On Monday evening, B. T. Wheeler, Esq.
* was "at homehis premises were Deauutuiij
illuminated with several appropriate transpar
encies; he made an excellent address?he re
r gretted the disruption of the Union?he was i
Northerner by birth, but this was his home, anc
- with it all his feelings and interests were blen
o ded, to it his allegiance was due. The tabl<
J was bountifully supplied, and the large numbei
J in attendance were warmly welcomed. Wehavi
r no accident, whatever, to report. Harmony anc
j good feeling predominated, while the lone sta:
r flags flaunted gallantly over our little towntelegraphing,
as it were, the State colors fron
point to point.
Mr. President Rose, procured the use of i
j locomotive from the Charlotte and South Caro
, lina road, while his engines are undergoing re
^ pair; and the business of the Company is nov
proceeding with its usual regularity.
j. On Thursday evening, the^7td, being tne An
niversary of St. John, the Evangelist, Philan
3 thropic Lodge, No. 78, of Ancient Free Masons
held their annual Festival, at their Hall in this
place, when the officers elect for the ensuing
5 term, were installed in form, by P. M., J. E
) Jefferys ; and those of the Chapter and Council,
e by their proper officials. Au Address was deliv
^ ered by M. E., Dr. J. R. Bratton, on the occa
h sion, on the '-Duties of Masons," which is highly
3 commended by the initiated, who only wen
1 present. After partaking of the Banquet affor
e ded, the brethren retired at an early hour it
1 "peace and harmony."
The Jasper Light Infantry, Capt. Jenkins,
g paraded on Friday, for target practice, in ful:
a IIUUJUCJ, UiU pi'iAU UCIU^ c? umconc 011101 ^up!
f 8.ud the weapon, the improved musket rifle, dis,
tance one hundred yards. The shooting was
most excellent, considering the arms were new,
. and the short time allowed to test them. The
palm was strongly contested by several members,
' but was subsequently awarded to Corporal A.
. F. McConuel, for the best three shots. The
second best three were by private L. M. Grist,
of the Enquirer, and the best single shot, breaking
centre by private E. M. Kirkpatrick. Be
fore the parade was dismissed, a vote was taken
relative to a tender of their services to the Governor
of the State in the present emergency,
which was almost unanimously resolved on.?
These, though a beautifully uniformed corps, are
not mere holiday soldiers.
Saturday sleet began to falj, continuing near.
ly all day, when it turned to a cold, steady rain
\j which continued, without intermission, until
e Monday, 7 a. m., when the wind blew off the
t refractory clouds, and Sol shone forth for his
a last time in the old year, as bright as though ht
l. .J ?'or.,1 foono fny. ?V.?
y linu LIU PUIlUnS ivl *uv po3V, ?**v* **v ?v?io IV* vu\
d Forest Cottage, Laurens, Jan. 1, 1861.
I- Never before under auspices so sustaining and
e inspiring have we begun to tread the paths 01
D the new-year. The oldest among us have thif
d winter witnessed- transactions that made theii
e grey hairs tingle in their very sockets with t
e new born thrill of pride and joy. The mer<
1 child of to-day, standing as he does upon th<
> broad basis of a new era of transcendant cultun
? -i
and prosperity, is richer, at least in the profound
ness of his experiences, than the just-buriet
e "man of a century."
D We have ever been proud of South Carolina
because even her errors lean to the side of virtue
e We never thought her infallible, but we do be
^ lieve her people are brave and generous, anc
~ love freedom for its own sake. And now thai
3 thev have asserted their rights and left the fu
r "
a ture with God, wo catch up the poet's song anc
t repeat:
S "Carolina, Carolina, heaven's blessing attend her,
While we live we will cherish, protect and defend her ;
' Though scoffers may laugh at, and witlings defame her,
[j Our hearts swell with gladness whenever we name her."
g The most incredulous are now prepared ti
e look for the formation of a new Confederacy, a
Q least of the Cotton States. The election for tin
Mississippi Convention has resulted in a vote o
l thirty thousand majority for secession. Thi
e Alabama Convention will have a majority o
e forty members for separate State action. An<
though we have not heard definitely from thi
^ other Cotton States, here in the "back-woods,'
yet we feel a lively hope that they will all fol
e low in the wake of South Carolina, speedily.
This admitted harmony in store for the South
is maiuly owing to two causes ; the consummati
? wisdom with which our Convention has so fa:
acted ; and the rapidity with which the eleetrii
^ spark has flashed the news from one end of the
" country to the other. By the former we bav<
1 removed the last hook on which our enemiei
1 could hang a quarrel; through the latter we
' have spoken, and the whole continent trembled
* like an aspen leaf. If Mr. Buchanan's equivo
^ cal prudence and many-sided moderation, while
* rendering him odious alike to the North and
South, has made it a matter of the nicest skill
. for South Carolina to weed her way to actioi
. still her unerring promptness and matchle
? unanimity?her coolness, her dignity and h
a sternness?have the most completely prepar
J her for any issue to her action. Her very dai
j ing has plucked the dart, trembling in the air.
a Just twenty-eight hours after the Ordinan
j of Secession had passed the Convention
Charleston, we stood upon the depot-platform
m Greenville, more than two hundred miles ba
in the solitude of the mountains, and heard re
the joyous effect produced in near half a doz
1 Southern cities, some of which were almost
= thousand miles away. Twenty years ago tl
, consummation would have required at le)
twenty days. This speed with which iaots t
transmitted, produces speedy consultation a
co-action, and really converts the whole Son
~ into one vast Convention. This new yoa
s, morn, then, finds us an oppressed people seeki
redress of their enemies, and South Carolina
: simply the Patrick Henry of the revolution.
W. W. E.
e it
Kind Readers or the Enquires :?It has b?
t announced by the publishers, that Mr. W. !
o Martin would hereafter conduct one of the I
- partments of the paper. That gentleman m
; assumes his duties with fear and trembling, t
r hopes that the same kindness which has herel
s fore been shown him, will continue to be ex<
t cised towards him in pardoning the many faul
j and deficiencies to which he is well consoiot
e that he will often, in his communications,
;, liable. And now with kindest feelings and wif
e es for the future happiness of you all, he grei
i you with a very happy new year to you all! Y
d may it be the happiest year which has ever j
5 opened upon you, and may it be succeeded
I many others, all happier and better spent th
- the preceding ones. With this year begins
c uew era in the history of us all, and a most nc
i mentous one it is to South Carolina. Our belc
i ed and glorious mother-land has once more res
p med her sovereignty, and as a free and indepe
- den tState, takes her place as a nation among t
e nations of the earth. The last link which bou
, her to the Federal Union has been broken. T
1 cup of sorrows, which she so long tasted, has
3 last become too bitter, and now she has dash
- it down, and with her foot upon the brok
i shards, has sworn never again to taste of ;
3 worm-wood and gall. She has unhurried t
t hatchet and bids defiance to all and every o
3 who may dare infringe upon her rights. Ther
j fore, this year must indeed be a happy one
- every true son of the gallant State. There mi
i be trials to endure and dangers to encountt
3 and, for a while, the clouds of war may ho*
, above us, but as sure as truth is mighty, ai
7 that God is just, South Carolina must be vict
. rious. Yes, the star of her glory will rise brigh
- ly above the clouds and blazon and beam foreve
l more with undimmed effulgence. Glory, glor
1 glory to South Carolina's Star; long may it shit
the brightest and grandest in the galaxies
s nations. W. M. MARTIN.
"Ruby's" Notes.
: "Ruby" may say that he writes now with
sword in one hand and a pen in the other, not
r mention the tremendous exhibition of vacci
matter on his arm. War is imminent; the cc
1 respondence must be written; and, defence mu
be had against variola. For a while the smi
1 pox raged much and very. People were frigb
' ened more than hurt, therefore, they were ve
" frightened. As is usual, as the disease increase
r the panic decreased. So it has been wherever
plague has been. People become familiariz
' with it, and first moet it boldly face to face, ai
" then laugh at it. The fact of the business
< though, that it has not prevailed in Columbia i
' near such an extent as rumor bas reported.'
There have not been many cases among whi
people, and very few of the cases have result
fatally. However, forsome time carved front
" pieces have been the fashion in our Capital cit
Now don't, because this letter comes from tl
' infected region, throw down your paper in he
^ ror, for it has been well fumigated with tobac
smoke from "Ruby's" old cob pipe. And n<
1 he will conclude his rigmarole, by singing \
you a little song which he entitles
i In the far forest with nobody nigh,
' Merrily wander my Katie and I;
i All the fair flowers which goldenly gleam,
Saucily nod to themselves in the stream?
And I cannot but think
. That they knowingly wink
And point their green leaves at us passing them by,
t And laugh at us merrily?Katie and I.
! 'Neath the old oak where the mocking-bird sings
Tenderly twining the jessamine clings,
Drops like gold bugles its bells on the green
Sparkling and decking the throne for my queen;
As I languidly rest
; With my head on her breast?
"Beware! have a care !" cries the bird from up high
, "He calls to us warningly, Katie," said I.
By the swift stream where the violet grow,
Breathing my love-vows and whispering low,
When with blush-roses o'ermantling her face,
Timidly yielding she meets my embrace,
men tne jealous oiue-jay
Scrsanis harshly, "I say
And his brother blue-jackets all join In the cry
i And jeer at us mockingly?Katie and I.
In the dark dells where the quartz diamonds hide,
, Softly I whisper, "Sweet Kate be my bride
Our souls flying forth on the wings of a kiss
Mingle and thrill with the tremulous bliss;
Then the owl Ills great eyes
Opens wide with surprise;
He mournfully utters his sorrowful cry,
And hoots at us scomfu'ly?Katie and I.
' The birds to the flowers hav* nestllngly flown,
; Where tinkles the rivulet over the stone,
And vows "of young lovers as tender and true
I As ours, have seen all dissolved like the dew;
So they call to my Kate,
! The would warn 'her the fate
, Of loving not wisely Betrayed, left to dieBut
we laugh a: their warnings, my Katie and I.
Far from the high heavens, where Love had Its birth
Love purer than ours never came to the Earth ;
And long as Eternity's cycles shall roll,
While God doth endure and while liveth the soul,
In the heaven above
1 Bv the white throne of Love,
r Wvhlle sound the loud anthems to praise the most Hi|
1 We'll live tncre awnove were, my ivutie mm 1.
} MM*
For the Yorkville Enquirer.
McConnkllsville, Dec. 26, 1860
, Messrs. Editors: I take this method of i
, forming you of the excitement in this neighbu
hood, relative to a contemplated insurrection,
i order that facts may take the place of many r
mors, I being myself an eye-witness.
The first discovery was made by my brotht
John D. McConnell, on Friday last, when abo
to chastise his boy, Dave, who got away, b
j was arrested the same evening, with the assii
t ance of a neighbor. The boy exclaimed, "
was hard to be tied like a dog," in a mann
j that led to a suspicion of something wrong.
When about to chastise him, he promised
make some revelations, viz: uthat as soon as
(J. D. Mc.) was taken from home, (alluding
the Minute Men) that the negroes are going
3 rise and sweep the country; that Thomas Puj
t said he intended to complain of being sick wh
3 the call is made on your company (he was
r momKor nf flip TurlrPTT f!rpplr \f M ) ftnH r
e go ; and as soon as you are all gone, that he w
f head us boys and sweep the country; kill i
j the old women and children, keeping the pret
e young women for themselves." Pugh was to
' a Colonel, and make him Captain; he said Pu(
- gave him whisky when wanted (P. kept a whisl
shop or always had liquor.) Mr. McConnell o
, fered Dave a reward if he would betray Pug
s to which he consented ; it was arranged that
r would go on Saturday night as he promised
5 do ; and that a detachment of Minute Men wou
> be sent for to be at the place at the same tim
; About 12 or 15 of the company, with other cil
3 zens, met at McConnellsville at 9 o'clock Satu
3 day night, to arrange a plan, when John D. Mi
1 Connell and James E. McKnight volunteered I
black themselves and take the negro with then
s giving him a bottle and money. I was called (
1 tq form a detachment to be near the house 1
i oase of need. In about a mile from Pugh's, v
i; came up with some 75 or 100 of the citizens of
as Turkey Creek, who it was agreed Bhould stay
er where they were and my squad go on, with J.
ed W. Moore, who volunteered, viz : W. E. McConF<
e- nell, Captain; John D. McConnell, J. E. Mc- Qi(
Knight, C. K. Williams, Jas. W. Love, Reuben tr
ce McConnell, P. W. Lindsay, jr., A. Jackson tb
at Hood, (minute men) J. W. Moore, (volunteer.) ^
of The house was surrounded ; when we approach- jj?
ck ed, every thing was quiet?the negro went to sp
ad the window and knocked, when Thomas Pugh
en answered ; the boy asked if he "had any of the w
a good stuff?" to which ho replied "yes." On of
[lis seeing it was Dave, he said "hold on," and re- e5
ist turned with a shot gun and revolver, saying
ire "damn you, what made you betray me," and re
ad fired on the boy, hitting him with some 25 shot
ith iu the thigh, continuing to fire with a pistol, te
r's without effect. Several shots were exchanged ^
ag between John D. McConnelland Pugh, when the h:
is latter was wounded in the foot; as he ran into th
.. . e?j ? v_ nr_ ?tt_:ft1
tne nouse au waa ureu uu ujr uu. iuuiuiigui? ^
then a general engagement took place, in which w,
rocks supplied the lack of pistols. John Pugb bt
and his wife defended the front door with rifle ^
en and shot gc.n; Jack Pugh the north window or ar
side, with a rifle. Thomas Pugh, after going pc
*e" in the House, I think, fought from the east win- ce
dow with his sister, as there was some eight or
iut ten shots fired from that quarter. The Pugh's
t0" exposed themselves very little, as they shot from ot
iT~ under, only opening a part of one blind. Borne et
't8 80 or 40 sbots were fired, when the company
18' retired to reload ; then a general rush was made
for the house. A. T. Love, who was the first to at
advance, begged the Pugh's to surrender, or they jj'
St8 would all be slain: they replied back, "damn je
69' you, we intend to fight to the last." Pugh bar- Ai
'et red the doors, but the Minute Men soon stormed ar
^ them down, when there stood John Pugh and
an his wife, with rifle and fowling piece?some p\
8 half dozen of pistols were leveled at him in an S'
to- <<1
instant, when A. F. Love rushed between the ^
17 parties, begging them to give up. It was all the ge
in* old men could do to keep the company from kiil- in
n ing the Pugh's, right out, and, on some two
or three occasions, A. F. Love, P. W. Lindsay,
Sen., and James Lindsay, with others, saved the U
Pugh's from the fury of the outraged community. in
at The Pugh's where overpowered, but never sur- ^
rendered ; they were bound and taken to York hi
CD ville, when the Sheriff refused to receive them ; Is
ltB they were brought back to this place ou Sua'
day morning, and well guarded until Monday, <ja
ne when we gave them up to the Vigilance Commit- ev
e" tee at Betbesda Church, who after due trial,
to sentenced them each to receive fifty lashes on
the bare back, shave the left side of their heads, ac
,r' and then be sent by Adams' Express to the Free th
er j*n
States. While the trial was in progress, Thos.
Pugh, Sen., nephew of John Pugh, a notorious ha
?" character, made his appearance in the crowd, th
1 " when he was arrested, tried, and sentenced- to 8?
ij?, QJJ
receive 25 lashes. This Pugh had been sworn a |
to leave the country. W. E. McC. be
? ~ ^ ar
Letter from the Country. , aB
Even in the extreme interior, here, we are re
? realizing our new nationality?hero, where the . *
to whistle of the daily cars is never heard and the m
ne rumble of the stage coach never comes. A onei
horse mail finds its solitary way to us once a
" week; ana me "great Dig woria" seems aimosi
ist to ignore us. Vet even here we are fully alive .
ilj to the increased importance of our individual P 1
selves. Instead of being a fractional part of
thirty millions, we are each man of us a part of
ry seven-hundred thousands. That is eaoh man is
d, conscious of having run up (as they say of stocks) Pe
, from a one thirty-millionth to a one seven hundred-thousandth
part of a nation. In writing to aIC
ed our friends in Boston, we address our letters in
od thiswise?"JohnSmith, Esq., Boston, Mass., U. ?
S." We are reading over, to see how it will
sound, the formula of future legislative dates? ' '
"Done at Columbia, eto., in the year of the ?
? Sovereignty and Independence of South Caroli- P 1
;te na-" It sounds well. J
e(j The $500,000 military defences bill meets a ?
hearty approval on all hands. "Millions for ..
14 " defence, but not a dollar for tribute," is the *
y. universal principle of our popular sympathy, no u
,5^ less to-day tban it was when first uttered.
The action of the Convention, too, finds a 0
ir' whole-souled support and approval fully back to ou
co the inmost recesses of the back country. The "
Commission to Washington?Messrs. Barnwell.,
, Adams, and Orr?is well received. We of the 00
country hold now, that no extreme of principle f?
upon the slave-question can be more objection- a
able to our enemies North than integrity of character
and true patriotism have become. Hence,
all the members of thiB Commission receive the
warmest and truest approval of all our people; J!6
because they are all three tried, and true, hon- 4
orable and able, and reliable to the last letter of
"lives, fortunes, and sacred honor."
Wo expect Columbia to be ready in a few days W1
to receive the Legislature and Convention there
again, since small-pox has abated so much. Oo ^
the 20th of December appeared in the daily re ,
ports of the Board of Health the largest num P
; ber of new cases?seventeen, counting both ,.e
? 1 ?m:n i 3 Cill
small jjux. pruper auu vanuiuiu. xm iuou u uuu .
gradually increased, and since then it has
steadily declined. The disease has been re 911
markably light; and very few deaths have oc- ?
curred from it, and these few resulted from P
manifest imprudence or pre-existing feebleness c
of the system from other diseases. ,
Vaccination is spreading extensively here in
our midst, and all hands are making ready a- P '
gains: the ds.y of evil, if it should come. Ru- en
mors of sporadic cases in Fairfield, Newberry,
Greenville, Laurens, and other places, are rife;
but they tarn out one by one to be erroneous.? 9V
The terror of a few individuals is a fine source {
of amusement to the many; but a judicious cau ,
txon marks the whole community.
We note one striking peculiarity in the coun- 00
try. The farther we get into the country?the
farther away from cities and town-clocks?the P
more certain each man is that his own watch is Pc
right! It struck us as analogous to prejudice 9'
? ?the farther a man is from truth or certain in a
formation the more dogmatical he is in his
opinions. We moralized.
The general expectation among us is that ^
there will be no war with the United States; yet ^
companies of Minute Men are rtady all over the ^
country. They drill frequently, and organize
bands for patrolling more rigidly than usual.? ._
I Especially during the Christmas holidays, the
letter of the patrol law was enforced almost dai- ~
ly and nightly; all of which somewhat impeded !j
n- the usual flow of darky jubilations. The Minute ^
ir- patrol wear their badges?red sash witu eiu ^
blems and the usual glazed cap, lettered M. M. .
?while on doty.
u" Santa Claus arrived here late Christmas-eve
... wi
night. .
!r The Man about Town wrote to us, advising us ?
! that they have had a bad cold spell of weather .?
ut in the city. ?
ut Cotswood, S. C. J. W. D. 8
fit- ?? ?
It For the Yorkvllle Enquirer.
? ' The undersigned, appointed at a recent meet- m
to ing of the "Jasper Light Infantry," do cordially ed
he invite the gallant and patriotic sons of York to
to come forward, and fill the ranks of that company,
to so that a prompt response may be made to the ^
?h Governor's coll for Volunteers, in defence of the m
en rights of South Carolina and the liberties of her ne
a children. ?c
lot A cheap service uniform will be adopted ; and Wl
ill if there be gallant men unable to provide them- to
all selves, but still anxious to aid their country in a ^
ty righteous cause, let themoome forward and they sa
be will be uniformed. a
gh This call, citizens, we make in the earnest wi
ty spirit of resistance to tyranny, and cordially re'f
quest those who are in earnest, to give us the 0E
hand of fellowship, and side by side, with as, to sc
be stand forward as champions of Southern rights. re
Id A. F. McCONNELL, ?l
r- ? ?
3. Men and Munitions.?The steamer Planter, ;n
:o with a detachment of the Citadel Cadets and tni
guns of heavy calibre, proceeded early this mor>n
ning to Morris' Island, for the purpose of taking ^
in charge of a breastwork that has been erected co]
re there.?Charleston News, 31?f. foi
From the Charleston Courier, December 28. th
*>' />g
Evacuation of Fort Moultrie.
Throughout the city yesterday, the greatest
;citement prevailed in relation to the news from
>rts Moultrie and Sumter. As .early as eight
Block in the afternoon, the rumors of the des ^
action of the former of these military posts, and
e occupation of the latter by the forces of the zg
nited States, were circulated. It was first our- ^
ntly reported and believed that Fort Moultrie
id been laid in ruins, that the guns were
iked, and the carriages, &o., together with the
irracks, burned, and that the post had been ^
itirely abandoned. The reports spread like Qr
ild-fire, and soon gained currency in every part ^
the city. Crowds of citizens anxiously inquir- _
I of each other the latest intelligence in rela- ^
an to the affair; squads collected on every .
irner of the streets, and in front of the public
sorts, to canvass the subject. ^
The newspaper offices were besieged, the ho- j
I halls were thronged, and even the grave and
rious gentlemen composing the State Conveuan
shared in the great excitement. On all
inds anger and indignation were expressed at
e auoDosed Derfidious conduct of the Federal ?,E
ithorities, at whose instance it was at first
ought the movement was made. The people
ere greatly incensed at the idea of a willful *:
each of those assurances of non-action which
id been volunteered by the Government at P
ashington, and upon which so much reliance co
id confidence had been placed by the entire tr
ipulation, that every impulse to take the nessary
precautions for their own safety had ?
restrained. '
Instinctively men flew to arms.
All the military forces ordered out promptly w
(eyed the summons, and the streets were soon ?*
tlivened by the appearance of individual mem- *
irs of the different organizations in their uni- *
nn8. J
About coon the excitement in the streets had 1
tained the highest pitch. The Convention was m
lown to be in secret conclave, and it was be- .
sved that this was the subject matter of their tc
liberations. The streets swarmed with people. tt
iditional flags were displayed from the stores '
id bouses on the principal streets. The Cusm
House and other buildings formerly in the
issession of the United States Government disayed
the bunting ot the infant Republic of
suth Carolina. Every one looked upon the
war as actually begun," and all seemed to feel gt
iat their, brethren were in the field, and them- on
Ives began to grow restless at the prospect of wi
activity and suspense. H
Later in the day, however, the excitement was m
unewhat abated, when it became known that th
e mavement on the part of the forces of the wi
nited States at Fort Moultrie was not at the m<
stance of the Administration at Washington, fic
it was merely a precautionary measure taken se
r Commander Anderson, under.conviction that re
s position within the fortress on Sullivan's th
iand would not be tenable, if attacked in it by wi
sll-organixed and disciplined troops. The coa- co
idictiou of the first reports in relation to the
.mage done the fort by the troops that had ca
acuated it also had a tendency to allay the ex- th
tement of the ocoasion. wi
In order to ascertain truthful statements of the th
tual damage done to the Forts, of the causes of bj
e movement, and of the state of affairs gene- ac
lly, Reporters were dispatched to the scene to
iring the forenoon. On the way across the ca
irbor, the hoisting of an American flag from gl
e staff of Fort Sumter, at precisely 12 o'clock, gp
ive certain indications that the stronghold was 3ii
cupied by the troops of the United States. On j0
nearer approach, the fortress was discovered to on
i occupied, the guns appeared to be mounted, of
id sentinels were discovered on duty, and the fo
ace to give every sign of occupancy and mili- on
ry discipline. The grim fortress frowned defiice
on every side?the busy notes of preparation in
sounded through its forbidding recesses, and ou
erything seemed to indicate the utmost alacrity Ri
the work on hand. m
Turning towards Fort Moultrie, a dense cloud lis
smoke was seen to pour from the end faoing
e sea. The flag staff was down, and the whole
ace had an air of desolation and abandonment J.
lite the reverse of its busy look one week ago, ,k3
-e l_ I In nrMinrr
icu ouuroo ui itvuurcrs woio xui^rvg^v* >u lu
its strength all the works which skill and ex- re
rience could suggest. ' m
In the immediate vicinity of the rear or land- M
le entrance, however, greater activity was no- th
leaM?. At the time of our visit, a large force fo
hands had been summoned to deliver up their pa
iplements for transportation to Port Sumter, m
ound on every side were the evidences of la- W)
r in the fortification of the work. In many 0f
ices a portion of the defences were strengthened St
every appliance that art could suggest or in- Cf
nuity devise ; while in others, the uncompleted Cc
irks gave evidences of the utmost confusion. On W|
. hands the process of removing goods, furni- jn
re and munitions, was yetgoiug on. The heavy th
ins upon the ramparts of the Fort were thrown wi
>wn from their carriages and spiked. Every pa
nee of powder and every cartridge had been th
moved from the magazines; and, iu fact, every wl
ing like small arms, clothing, provisions, ac ed
utrements and other munitions of war, had been ro
moved off and deposited?nothing but heavy is
.lis and useless cannon remained. fo
The entire place was, to all appearances, lit d?
red up with the odd ends and fragments of Tl
ir's desolation. Confusion could not have of
en more complete had the late occupants re- ca
ed in the face of a besieging foe. Fragments
gun carriages, &c., broken to pieces, bestrew- at
<1 3*.. a 1 ?..A filloJ
IUO rttiupuns. C?UU UO^O, uuu uaitwio uu?u pc
th earth, crowned the walls, and were firmly si
ibedded in their bomb proof surface, as an ad- th
tional safeguard?and notwithstanding the p?
iterogenous scattering of materials and im- in
ements, thb walls of the fort evinced a vague fo
gree of energy in preparing for an attack. A ec
tch some fifteen feet wide and about the same
depth surrounds the entire wall ou three st
les. On the south side, or front, a glacis has lo
en commenced and prosecuted nearly to com- st
etion, with a rampart of sand bags, barrels, ti<
i. Vfi
On one side of the fort a palisado of palmetto
;s is extended around the ramparts as a com fr
ete defenoe against au escalading party. New W
ibrasures have been cut in the walls, so as to Li
mmand the faces of the bastions and ditch.? m
tese new defences are all incomplete, and are m
ideuce of the haste with which they were erec- m
i. Considering the inferior force, in point of th
imbers, under his command, Major Anderson J(
d paid particular attention to strengthening a.
ly a small part of the fort. to
A great portion of the labor expended was of
ent upon the citadel or centre of the west tv
lint of the position. This he had caused to be at
rengmenea in every way ; loop-noies were um 01
id everything was so arranged, that in case a qi
jll concerted attack was made, he would have w
tired from the outer bastions to the citadel, tii
id afterwards blown up the other portions of w
e fort. For this purpose, mines had already ci
en sprung, and trains had beeu laid ready for at
e application of the match. The barraok th
oms and every other part of the fort that was w
defensible would have gone at a touch. fa
On the ramparts of the fort fronting Fort la
imter were nine eight-inch Columbiads, mount1
on wooden carriages. As soon as the evacu- to
>u of-tho fort was complete, the carriages of bi
ese guns were fired, and at the time of visiting st
e fort yesterday, were nearly consumed, and hi
e guns thereby dismounted. These guns, as b<
all as those constituting the entire armament at
the fortress, were spiked before it was aban- ti
med. This is the only damage done the for- tfc
ication, further than cutting down the flag fc
aff, and the breaking up of ammunition wag- hi
is to form ramparts on the walls of the fort. re
The fort was found to be in charge of two of- Sj
sers and four men, who bad been left behind ai
erely to act as a watch. The place was seal- w
I to all but the watch, and none but these were jt
lowed to enter. th
From the officers in charge it was learned G
at the evacuation of the fort commenced a lit- fo
5 after sundown on Wednesday evening. The
en were ordered to hold themselves in readiiss,
with knapsacks packed, at a moment's
itice, but up to the moment of their leaving
id no idea of abandoning tbe post, xney xi
are reviewed on parade, and were then ordered ye
two schooners, lying in the vicinity, where pr
ey embarked, taking with them all the necesries,
stores, &c., requisite in their evacuation. cl<
Several trips were made during the night, and fe;
great part of the provisions and camp furniture of
;re transported under cover of night. The mi
ightness of the moon, however, afforded but tit
ght concealment to their movements, and in hs
le of the trips, Lieut. Davis in command, a it
hooner full of soldiers and baggage passed di ca
otly under the bow of the guard boat Nina, an
le officer who made the statement, expressed co
mself to be ignorant whether nhe watch on
ard the Nina discovered the movement or not an
at all events, he said they did not signify any an
gnizance of the faft. th
seasons fob evacuation. to
From conversations held with the gentleman
possession of the fort yesterday, it wasascer- no
ned that the first impetus given to the work of frc
engthening the fort was after the speeches of tai
essrs. Magrath, Memminger and others, when Li,
irs were aroused that the time would shortly to
me, which would call into exercise the use of inj
oe in protecting the public property. Upon on
is, all the energies of the officers and men were
>lled forth to render the position as strong as be
issible. Attacks were expected only from the ca
nd side, and to the strengthening of these points so
1 the available force was put. The officers ex- m;
essed tbc-mselves to be able, after preparation, pr
to rai.ke a successful resistance against any th
ob or r.ndisciplined force, but against organi- ac
d tro .ps the small garrison could make no if
?ncT. be
Major Anderson had been ordered to hold the th
jrt, to protect the work, and he intended to do tii
at every hazard. He had denied that either te
e President or Secretary of War had given any tii
ders for the evacuation of the post. Major bl
ad era on has done this on his own responsibility be
thinking that by such a step he would make St
msolf secure against attack, protect the lives at
his soldiers, and could better guard the pub- he
i property, for in his position at Fort Sumter va
! could easily command, and if necessary, si
nee the batteries of Fort Jloultrie.
At twenty minutes to eight o'clock the troops at
i board the Nina and Otn. Clinch landed on w
e wharf of Sullivan's Island. Rapidly forming. ot
ey proceeded, under the command of Colonel io
eSaussure, towards the walls of Fort Moultrie, ti:
sergeant and ten men held possession of the of
ace. On the approach of Col. DeSaussure's pi
immand, the detachment of United States m
oops retired without offering any resistahce. tr
The gates were not olosed even, and forty min- ar
:es after the steamer touched the wharf, the at
ilmetto Flag, mounted on a hastily-prepared la
aff, (as the original one had been cut away,) W
as fiuug to the breeze amid the huzzas of the Ci
icupants. Active preparations were imraedi- gl
ely commenced to render the place defensible, di
he spiked guns, and those dismantled by the b<
arning of the carriages, will soon be in a posi- tb
on to respond to any hostile demonstration 01
ade against the place. - bi
At 12 o'clock last night, when our Reporter
ft the Island, all was quiet and orderly. Sen- g<
ies were pacing the ramparts, and the hail of fr
A.11 well" resounded at regular intervals from g<
e several posts. H
" 'V? ??M? ftQvl. ultlmn 01
r ram me iiiarit'.-uuii iHrauijj <nu """Ml" ...
? ai
At half past two o'clock oar reporter visited m
illivao's Island. Quietness reigned through- ^
it Monltrieville, and it was not until the fort gt
is reached that he noticed any signs of activity. ^
ere, however, was a change. Instead of a
ass of smoking ruins, were the well-defined p
les of the fortress, unchanged, at least in out- gj
ird appearances. Instead of utter abandon y
ent dh the part of the garrison, the senior of- m
er of Engineers and six men maintained pos st
ssion of the stronghold. Instead of gaining ^
ady admittance, the stolid sentinel barred n?
e way, whilst a succession of carts loaded w
ith canister and grape, cooking utensils and
oking stoves, made their devious way to the
jhter in attendance, to convey the ill-assorted tj,
rgo to Fort Sumter. It was easy to see that ^
e fort had been virtually abandoned, but it
is not so easy to ascertain the full extent of ec
e damage. The barracks were still standing, m
ough stripped of their furniture, and deserted
r their tenants. In short, it was plain enough
i evacuation had taken plaoe, and that visitors ^
Major Anderson were expected to leave their tjj
rds at Fort Sumter. From the citizens it was
eaned that the guns had been tarred and
iked, and that the small columns of smoke ri- cc
ig from the interior proceeded from the burn- ^
g gun carriages. One or two, more mysteri
is than the rest, stated, with ominous shakings a[
the head, that the whole of the interior of the ^
rt bad been undermined, ana mat it was pern- jy
19 to venture within its walla. fi,
The effect of the news was immediately visible ca
the streets of our?oity. The voluateers were
it in full force and under arms. The Cadet jn
iflemen and Palmetto Guard, with a detach- (jf
entof City Police, were detailed to take charge a,
the Arsenal, and a line of patrols was estab- 5,
shed around the walls. w
The Rifle Batallion, under command of Col. J. p
Pettigrew, assembled promptly upon the Cit
lei Green. They were substantially equipped g,
winter uniform, with blankets, knapsacks and a|
volvers. The batallion numbered 9ome 150 p
en, and consisted of detachments from the p]
eager Guards, the Carolina Light Infantry and
e Washington Light Infantry. Shortly after
ur o'clock the word was given, and the com
inies advanced in double quick time, without
usic, towards the Cooper River. None of them, t*
e believe, excepting the officers, were aware
their destination. They embarked on the ti
earner iVma, which immediately headed for rj
tstle Pinckney, and the surmise soon became j]
nfirmed that the destination of the command n
An nadf. ?1
to IU Uk&C pUDBQOSlUU U1 IUC IVlUC^i vyu mww* fj
g the fort, a number of men were observed on ni
e wharf, one.of whom, in advauoe of the others, d,
is observed holding what appeared to be a p.
iper in his hand. This was said to have been iu
e Riot Act. As soon as the Nina touched the w
harf, the storming party who had been detail- g
1 for that duty, sprung ashore and rushed ft
und to the rear of the fortress, where the gate tl
situated. This was found closed, and a cry bi
r storming ladders was soon answered by a
itachment bearing a dozen or more of them.? C
bese were instantly planted, and under cover tl
the rifles of the battalion, the walls were es- ti
.laded and the gates thrown open.
On entering the fort it was found to be tenlted
only by an officer of F.ugineers and a small w
irty of laborers?none of whom mado any re- n:
stance. The Engineer officer was informed I3
at he was at liberty to leave, and remove his a;
>rsonal effects, and in a few minutes he set out w
a boat belonging to the fort, accompanied by ei
ur men. From the direction in which he steerI,
it is supposed that he went to Fort Moultrie, ti
The flag of the Nina, consisting of a white 0!
ar on a red ground, was then hoisted amid ei
ud cheers; and when our reporter left, a w
rong guard had been mounted, and prepara- si
ans ft r garrisoning the fortress were well ad- tl
meed. ai
About seven o'clock the tramp of detaohments tl
om the artillery regiments was hearu, ana tne m
ashington. Artillery, the German Artillery, the fi:
ayfayette Artillery, and the Marion Artillery, pi
aking a total of two hundred and twenty-five n<
en, rank and file, under command of Col. Wil- m
otG. DeSaussure, were soon embarked on board tl
e Nina and General Clinch, and steamed away U
>wn the harbor towards Sullivan's Island.? e<
mong those on board were Col. Charles Als- ol
n, Aid to the Governor, and Capt. Humphreys, si
' the Arsenal On reaching the island those at
ro last named gentlemen approached the gate, w
id the sentinel, in accordance, it is said, with
ders, surrendered on demand. The troops then g,
lietly took possession, and the Palmetto flag T
as soon waving over the time-honored fortifica- fi
ons. Three rockets (the signal agreed upon) ft
ere then sent up, to notify the people in the 01
ty that the fort was in the hands of the State, ol
id then the newly-installed garrison betook p
lemselves, as best they might, to devising the 3
ays and means of comfort and protection. Thus 0
r had the affair progressed up to a late hour a,
st night. ol
This transfer of the troops from Fort Moultrie cl
1 Fort Sumter is regarded as an outrageous a
reach of faith. For there was a distinct under- t<
anding with the General Government, upon the
ghest authority, that no such transfer would
5 made, no reinforcement of either of the forts
tempted, and no transfer of arms or ammuni- ^
on. Relying upon these declarations, the autorities
of South Carolina had not taken the
iris when completely within their power. They
a,ve acted with good faith, and expected it in nj
Major Anderson alleges that the movement
as made without orders and npon his own re- q
jonsibility, and that be was not aware of such
1 understanding. He is a gentleman, and we
ill not impugn his word or his motives. But ^
is due to South Carolina and to good faith, m
>at the act of this officer be repudiated by the
overnmeut, and that tho troops be removed
rthwith from Fort Sumter. ^
From the Forts.
The Courier of Saturday says:
Affairs at Fort Moultrie, Sumter and Cas ej
ie Pinckney.?Our reporter visited the Island ?
isterday, and found matters at Fort Moultrie -?
ogressing quietly and satisfactorily.
The rubbish left by the Federal troops is being J3
saned away, and the fortress assuming a de- 0
nsible aspect. Many apprehended difficulties, ?r
a nature we need not name, have been re- c
? - - .OK
oved; aad the Volunteer tympanies cousmu
ig the garrison are making merry over the 1?
irdsbips of the soldier. Some of the guns are, e
is supposed badly injured by the buru.ng of the
rriages. Activity prevails at the garrison, 3i:
id its vigilant officers are determined on tho ?f
urse that guides their action. loi
Fort Sumter, as viewed at a distance, presents St
i appearance of lively activity. Schooners ?
d barges were plying between the fort and aii
e channel during the day. Everything seems be
indicate active preparation. of
Castle Pinckney was reinforced in the after- &
on by a detachment of the Marion Artillery a*
>m Fort Moultrie, under the command of Cap- c'
in King. A detachment of the Washington fr'
ght Infantry was transferred from the former ?f
the latter place in tho forenoon, thus retain- Ft
I at Fort Moultrie the same force as first oo- P?
pied it. wi
The garrison at Caatle Pinokney consists of-ft- mon
at two hundred mem. Ten twenty-four pound mos
anon are monnted on the ramparts, besides inch
me fifteen pieoes?a few of which are case- of tl
ated?in the lower tier. The work is well wall
ovided with munitions of all kinds, and under Casl
e command of its field officers, Col. Pettigrew ever
id Maj. Ellison Capers, will make itself felt, o&se
need be, when the time comes. It is far from B
ling the in9ignifioant position of which it. has bad
e reputation. Although a defective construe- poii
>n has impaired the power of the lower bat- arra
ries to a considerable extent, it has an effec- the
re tier of rampart guns, whioh, from its eligi is v
e position, are capable of much servioe. It is graj
ijond the reach of the largest guns of Fort dree
lmter, and commands the entire line of wharves 9tor
id shipping along Cooper River, and in the with
inds of an enemy would be capable of doing muli
ist injury to the city. ty, 1
The Mercury says: con!
The military movements progressed quietly is ni
ssterdxy. Nothing transpired to change the futl
sneral aspect of affairs. The public exoitement that
id exasperation was not a whit less than that are
bich prevailed on Thursday, and all day long Sou
ir V?n 11ntina warn fhwnncrarl with mfitons ftni
us for tidings from Washington. Ia the mean
me, some changes were made in the disposition ^
the troops occupying the several militaty ta?
)8ts now in the hands of the State. Thirty j
embers of the Washington Light Infanty were T)
ansferred to the Garriaon of Fort Moultrie, tjj0
id a detachment of artillerists took their place Qf t
; Castle Pinckney. So that the force at the ^0(j
tter place now consists of sixty men of the ^
ashington Light. Infantry, thirty-five of the ag9<
srolina Light Infantry, thirty:five of the Mea- aQt
ler Guards, and thirty artillerymen?one hnn- Qaj,
red and sixty in all. A temporary flagstaff has fajj,
sen erected and th e Palmetto flag flatters from ^
ie top. A very strong guard is detailed, not new
llyon the ramparts, bat on the wharf and ^
reakwater. tbr(
At Fort Moultrie matters are vOry quiet. The ajju
ins have been rendered utterly useless by the g
ee application of spikes, tar and fire. The ate
trrison are in good spirits, and roughing it in ^e|>|
ue soldiery fashion. ;n j
The Arsenal was guarded on Thursday night t^e
id yesterday morning by the Palmetto Gaards mft)
id the Cadet Riflemen. The orders were strict geE
carried out, and no entrance whatever was jgg|
iade. Nothing placed within the enclosure by exc
ie Federal Government was touohcd, but the ?
rictest surveillance was kept aronnd the walls. not|
t 4 p. m., yesterday, the two companies on ma1
lard were relieved by the Irish Volunteers.? froi
he Palmetto Guard, when relieved, nawbered 9ta(
I men, and the Cadet Riflemen 54. The Irish ^ j,
Alimianea mill Kii maII ctvrorl d> o'lffhf A'rtlrtrtk thifl .a*.
"? ??? ? ?B-- Hill!
orning by the German Fusiliers. We may here tp<K
ate that the report current that a portion of
e stores of arms and ammunition in the Arse- ma|
il have been injured or destroyed, is wholly an^
ithout foundation. ' j
The Evening Newt of Saturday says: fl;Q(
The Spiked Guns.?We are happy to state an(j
at most of the cannon that were spiked at Fort 0f t
oultrie are now in good condition, .the metal jne|
ns that the.United States officers were kind gcj,
lough to leave in the touch holes being re- wj,;
oved. also
Fobt Sumtbb.?Some eighty mechanics and mo,
borers reached the oity from this fortification j
is morning, and wilt leave this afternoon in @ar
e Key Stone State for Philadelphia, Baltimore, jon|
8., where they mostly belong. They do not feel tjj y
sposed to take part in a battle, and as they was
luld not remain without the chance of such a tjje
ing, they conoluded to stay no longer. p
They report about forty or fifty mechanics ne?
id laborers still there and some seventy soldiers. pjQ
bout twelve casemate guns are mounted, mostlooking
towards Sullivan's Island and four or me{
re barbette guns, which work on pivots and are
m be worked faoing in any direction. With
ieir present force they can place several guns era|
position each day ; and they have an abunint
supply of shot, and shell, and provisions, ^ (
id water to last them for months, the cisterns jnt4
;ing large and amply supplied With good rain g00
ater. The guns of the largest calibre are not f0T
:t ia position, and the uamber of oannon in the ^
ort amounts to half its armament. On the night
le soldiers took possession of Fort Sumter the 8j01
reat body of the troops reached that place anj
sout seven o'clock, and the workmen in the ^
ort had no information or hint of it until it] took <]
lace. mu
* ** of
Condition of the Fort?. sed
The following statement is from the Charles- dm
in Mercury of the Slst ultimo:
All day Saturday and yesterday, our gallant bas
oops were busy in the performance of the vari- lur
ous duties assigned them by the State. At Ft. g0l
[oultrie, we are glad to be able to state that 8tip
tatters are progressing swimmingly. The most be
igorous measures are on foot to remount the dis- mjr
lantled guns; aud every hour is working won 0p|
ers towards that end. At various exposed aj
ointa along the bay breastworks are being rap tj,e
lly erected. The details of these fortifications ^or
e shall give at another time. But whoever jorj
lances at the. earnest manner in which these de- g
mces are pushed forward, must acknowledge 0f
lat Carolinians have lost none of the zeal and 8;0]
ravery which distinguished them of old. on ,
Suuday was no idle day for the garrisons. At
astle Pinckney service was duly performed, but 8tr(
le rest of the day was devoted to energetic ac- er0;
on. Haw
the state of affairs at fort sumter. tjjg
From the accounts of a number of laborers ce8,
ho were sent from Fort Sumter on Friday 0f ,
ight our reporters have gleaned a mass of high- tjje
r interesting details in relation to the strength aDC|
ml present condition of tho great fortress
hich now forms the last stronghold of the Fed- j
ral authority within the limits of our State. Tjr|
About six weeks ago, when there were no an(j
oops in Fort Sumter, the Federal officers in
large of that post proposed to the workmen 5
nployed in completing the fortifications, and tj,ii
ho then numbered about ISO men, that they pe(j
iould enlist in the United States service, and y
ius vary the monotony of handling the trowel am
ad the derrick, by a little daily practice with nej
le musket and the howitzer. The workmen,
lost of whom were from a Southern city, at ^
rst demurred at this somewhat extrordinary cajj
roposal, alleging that they came to work and
it to fight; and finally, after consultation a- tbo
tong themselves, they finally refused to become tk0
le thankless tools of coeroion. The benevomt
officers, as there was- no help for it, suffer- Qf t
i the matter to drop for awhile, and the work -Q 0
f getting the guns in position and otherwise
rengthening the fortress, was resumed by the 80je
;alwart Baltimore meohauics and laborers, QOt
ithout any more mental propositions.
The matters wore on until the transfer of the ^ ,
arrison of Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter. On C0Q
hursday evening, when the Palmetto banner tue
oating over Castle Pinokney, and the rockets aQ ,
om Fort Moultrie, announoOd to the lookouts g
a the ramparts of Fort Sumter the occupation pj0
f both those works by the State troops, the imression
was quite prevalent among the United tro<
tates officers that a sudden attaok upon their C0Q
wn position would follow. The laborers were ]asl
gain hastily summoned together?again the j
fficers endeavored to coax them to don the blue or
loth and brass buttons in defence of the fort, ^
nd again the sturdy sons of toil declined the qq.
smpting offer. pr0
Finding that the workmen were immovable in Mo
leir resolve notlto participate in any contest 1
ith the forces of South Carolina, the officers Flo
lought that the next best thing was to get men I
ho could evince no sympathy for Federal ty- resi
inny, out of the way as soon as possible. The pie
jats were accordingly manned shortly after tent
ightfall, and the larger portion of the workmen terd
ere quietly taken over to Fort Johnson. The F
orkmen say that this was done by order of tenc
apt. Foster, who, it will be remembered, was peo|
l Charleston that same morning (Thursday). Q
The dreaded attack not having taken place, plat
le laborers and mechanics returned on Friday It ii
orning, when about eighty of them, including Cha
1 the master mechanics, weary of a position so Sun
ill of danger and alarms, announced their in- well
ntion to quit. On demanding their pay, they anai
iceived drafts on the North, instead of the spe- how
e, in which the government usually pays its j.
nployees, and glad to get away, they embarked
; 4 o'clock on Saturday morning on a schooner
r Charleston. On arriving in Charleston, they jj
und themselves in a strange city, and desti,te
of means. A purse was promptly made up D
r them among some of our liberal citizens, and <^c
i Saturday afternoon they departed for their an&
imes on the steamship Keystone State. Previ- conl
is to leaving, however, they related the follow- ?cr'
g facts concerning the post they have just ?
ft: Mat
The force now remaining in Fort Sumter con- .
jts of about one hundred and thirty men, fifty ru e
whom are laborers, and the rest troops be- ^
aging to the artillery branch of the United 'ron
ates service. These latter are sufficient to PQrl
an about one half the guns of the fort, suppo- 'he
ig the guns were all mounted. Fortunately, by t
wever, this is far from being the case. Oat "ng
seventy-five pieces of heavy ordnance now in Ii
e fort only eleven are fully mounted. These the
e all casemate guns in the lower tier, and in- Ho,
ude the nine guos of that face of the fortress trea
ontiog towards Sullivan's Island. Two more appi
these oasemates guns were nearly mounted on obje
iday evening, but the work of getting theft in trus
sition is necessarily slow and tedlutu, and, aibl
th the force now at work, it is impossible to aoy.
int more than three guns per day at the at*
t. The heaviest guns, top, which are the ten
i Coltunbiads, hare yet to be moanted. One
ie casemate gang atone of the angles of the
s has been placed in position so as to corer *"
tie Pinckney. The garrison were on Friday' v.
>ing getting ready to mount some of the *
mate guns on the 8onth side of die walla. *
esides these heavy pieces, four of the lighter
ie'.te guns are moanted apon the ramparts,
iting towards Morris* Island. These ace bo
nged upon pivot carriages ae to sweep sroand
whole horizon. The magazine of the fortress
rell stocked with an immense quantity of
>e, canister and shells, and aboat seven ban[
barrels of powder. All the small arms and
es of Fort Moultrie have been transferred
i the garrison, and there is a sufficient accuation
of provisions to last, in case of necessi*
for six months at least. Fonr large cisterns
;ain an amply supply of fresh water, bat it
9w well understood that Fort Sumter hat no
to spare. The rumor current in the elty
a number of the guns in Fort Sumter, which
not yet mountad, had been spiked by the
thern workmen, is without foundation.
Washington Dispatches.
'ashinotos, December 27, 7 P. M.?8ecre*
Floyd eays positively that he knows notfaoffioially
of Anderson's movements. He
i no orders to Col. Anderson in relation to
evacuation of Fort Moaltrie and the burning
he gun carriages. The supposition is, that
lerson acted on his own responsibility.^' s
ater.?The President and Secretary-ofWar
srt most solemnly that Col. Anderson adted
only withont orders bat against orders. The
tinet is .now in session, and the matter'will be > ,
j discussed. ' '*
ifASHisaTOit, December 27, 9 P. SI.?The raw"-,
sof the changes at Fort Moaltrie, created
most intense excitement in Congress, and
inghont the city. Mr. Doolittle (Republican)
ded incidentally to the' occurrence, in a
ich in the Senate. On the .floor of the Senmight
be seen knots of Senators gathered.
b and there, with anxioas faces and engaged
he discnssion of the all-absorbing topic. At
War Department all sorts of Inqniries were
ie. The President's house was thronged with
lators and members of Congress. The papers
ted extras, and the streets were alive with
for. Floyd, as well as the President, knew
hing of the change contemplated, and reined
in donbt as to the reason until a dispatch
n Col. Anderson settled the matter. Re
;ed that he acted in his own defence, believing
npossible to defend Fort Moaltrieageinst an
ick. He, therefore, removed the stores,
>ps, &c., to Fort Sumter, which affords better
irity. The faou in relation to the whole
Mr seem to relieve the Administration from
coanteoanoe or complicity .in the ohaoge.
OP. M.?The CaMnet has.been in session
:e nightfall on the movements In Charleston,
the speoial message in regard to the mission
he Sooth Carolina Commissioners. The Cab:
is still in session at this late hoar, j The oftls
are also bosv at the War D e partment,
ch is an nnnsnaf proceeding. General Soott
i denies any previous knowledge of Anderson's
remeots. .
2.16 P. M.?The Commissioners from South
olina and several Sonthern Senators held a
I informel conference to night. It lasted uniwelve
o'clock, bat nothing of any. importation
i done. No Interview has yet been, had with
President. . -f i-ji
7asiiisgton, December 26?2 p. m.?The
rs vt the capture of Port Mo al trie and Castle
ckney by the State troops, reached the Adistration
this morning, daring a Cabinet
iting. , The Commissioners of South Carolina
now in oonferenoe with the< President-*nd
timet ministers. They demand that the Fed-'
I troops shall be immediately withdrawnfftm
fVio foris in PtiawlaafAn heehnn TTntaan fhie
lone, they say that to-day's will be their last
srriew, and that they will return- at once to
ith Carolina, aod tell the people to prepare
the worst.
Fashihcton, December 28, 8, P. SC.?The
>ioet meeting broke ap to night,' after a sesl
of six cousecutive hours, withoatootning to
' conclusion in relation to the disposition of
troops at Fort 8omter.
Dhe Commissioners from Sooth Carolina oom
nicated the first information to the President
the evacuation of Fort Monltrie, and expres[
indignation at the gross violation of the uo standing
on this subject.
iVashihotos, December 29, 10 P. IT-?The
jinet meeting is just over. Nopositive result
i been arrived at, bat it is certainr that the ?
n of deliberations was not favorable -to the
ith Carolina Commissioners. As it was never
minted by the President that the troops should
withdrawn from Charleston Harbor, the Addstration
does not consider itself under any
igation to issne the order fortheir withdrawAs
to the request of the Commissioners for
restoration of the military statu* of the Harof
Charleston, this is considere4t?y a maty
of. the Cabinet to be. impossible,
lecretaries Floyd, Thompson and Thomas, all
whom hold to a Constitutional right of seoesi,
are separated from the feet of the Cabinet
he question of coercing South Carolina.
'he fact that Floyd has resigned his office
ingtheus the impression that the'polioy of coion
has prevailed in Cabinet seeetod. It is
i that Hon. Jacob Thompson, Secretary pf
Interior, would also resign, were U not nesary
that he sboald remain for investigation
the Rusaell-Bailey-affair. The Secretary of
Treasury, Mr. Thomas, is alsodisaffepted,
may resign. No hope now remains of 'any
ustment of pending difficulties. V
'he Government is bankrupt. The Cabinet is
iualiy dissolved. The members of Congress
office holders are all olamcringfor pay, while
Treasury is empty.
'he people here are disa&oted, and everytg
foreshadows the reign of anarchy in the
leral Capital.
fASHisoTOjf, Sunday night, December 80.? I
now able to give yon the details of the Cabiembroglio
in regard to the Charleston ports,
en Major Anderson's movements became
wn here, the Sonth Carolina Commissioners
ed on Secretary Floyd, charged him with a
ation of his sacred pledge, and demanded
withdrawal of the troops. Ffhyd admitted
propriety of the demand, and a&qpon asthe
linet had assembled, he asketf the permission
he President to recall Anderaonand his.men,
rder to make good the pledge of the AdminAtion
to South Carolina. He artrned that a
imn promise had been given on each aide that
bing should be done until the Commissioner*
. been received, and the whole matter could
submitted to Congress. Major Anderson had
imitted an aot of direct hostility, as spiking '
guns and burning the carriages was as much
act of war as loading and firing the guns,
lecretaries Thompson and -Thomas sustained
yd; Touoey, Holt, Black and Stanton sided
h the President in the refusal to suffer the
)ps to be withdrawn from Fort Sumter. The
test waxed warm and the debate waa stormy,
dng full forty eight hours,
torn first to last, Floyd insisted that hir boawas
pledged, and that nothing would d. htnt J* vjflfcwithdrawal
of the troops. He said that the
rernmeut property might be left as similar
perty is now left in New York, Boston, god
'he point being finally decided against him,
yd immediately resigned,
t is rumcred that Thompson and Thomas will gn
to morrow, but this is not reliable. Peohere
are generally of opinion that if they inled
to resign, they would have done so yeslay.
loyd will return to Virginia, where he inIsto
conaumate his policy of restraining .the
pie from any overt act.
en. Scott has presented the President with a
i for a campaign against the seceding States,
loludes among its measures the bloc hade of
rleston Harbor, the reiuforoement of Forts
iter, Moultrie, Johnson and Pmckney, as
as the other forts ia the 8oaih. Mr. Baohs
did not receive the proposition favorably,
; is considered possible that Major Anderson
' yet be remanded to Fort Moultrie, provided
ifactory assurances are given by Sooth Carothat
he will not be molested,
espatcbes received to day by the Government
lose a plot of the Wide-Awaket of Chicago
St. Louit to adze the St. Louie Arterial, which
ains thirty thousand stand of arms. Many
inan residents of St. Louis are implicated,
eliable information from various portions of
yland reports that State as side by side with
Old Dominion for resistance to Abolition
roodson, of Missouri, and other members
l the-border States, are co-operating for the
lose of forming* "Central Confederacy," on
basis of the present Constitution, as defined
he Dred 8oott decision, and excluding New
land, Wisconsin, Iowa and Michigan.
> such an event, it is deemed certain that
Paoifio States would form a Pacific Repub- which
would form a defensive commercial
ty with the others. This scheme meets with
irent approbation in certain quarters. Its
ct is to produoe delay, confusion and die-?,
t at the South, and thus to defeat, if pos- ..
e, the consummation the Southern ConfederIf
it should prove unsuccessful, the bor<

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