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fp ^nkrsoit Intelligenter.
TUESDAY AFTERNOON, AUG. II, 1800.
J. C. C. FEATHEESTGir and A. HOTT.
Oao copy ono year, invariably in advance,.$1.00.
Advertisements inserted at moderate rates: liberal
deductions inado to thoso who will advertise by the
TiiB Intelligencer is before you. We hop? you
will not close your eyes upon us, or lend a deaf
car to what we have to say. Mankind arc loo apt
to form their opinions of men and things at first
sight, and to approve or reject upon cursory ex?
amination. For this reason one feels most solici?
tous when entering upon any new enterprise. It
is this that causes the young advocate to feel deep?
ly agitated when he appears upon the hustings, 01
makes his debut at the bar, ami commences foren?
sic strife ; and it is this that makes tremulous the
physician when first called to the bedside of the
sick. To say that we are unmindful of public
opinion, would be to utter an untruth. Public
opinion exerts the greatest influence over human
actions, and when it rises in its offended majesty,
is hard to appease. Though we feel a great deal
of anxiety that the Intelligencer may make a good
impression at. fiist sight, yet we think it would be
unreasonable to make it the criterion of our fu?
ture. To expect ripe discretion in youth would
? preposterous as to look fcr roses in Deccm
ber, Or tl^fTp'ea'Tlic rising sun to shine with the
fen-id splendor of noon. All great things may be
;.accd to small beginnings. The streamlet that
flows from lake Itasca is entitled to the appellation
of Father of Waters; but it does not excite our
admiration until we hear the rush of his turgid wa?
ters, and see him bearing upon his bosom a large
prop?*uon of the commerce of an industrious aud
enterprising people. All popular journals may be
traced to the time when they first looked out upon
life with no very flattering prospects, but by the in?
dustry and energy of their conductors, they wield a
mighty influence over the public mind. Why may
not the Intelligencer, lfcc the streamlet, continue to
spread until it reaches the enviable posit ion of the
popular gazettes of our country, and thousands of
intelligent readers welcome it to their homes? By
industry aud your encouragement, wc expect to
reach this goal of our ambition. Therefore look
kindly upon us, and blight not the bud ere it blos
We do not ?TrTny?TtrHUUtrselTcs that versatility
of talent that can please all, but we wilt er
to please, because we believe that in the power to
pUasc consists the excellence of the writer or com?
piler. In our endeavors to please we do not iu
tend, like the Chameleon, to assume the hue, of
everything with which we come in contact, but
design cxpressiug our opinions freely, fully and
frankly upon every subject about which we have
on opinion. In so doiug, it is but reasonable to
expect that we should occasionally differ with
many of our readers. Let this net cause us to fall
out by the way. The best method of arriving at
truth is to hear both sides of a question. Truth
is what every honest mind desires. ' She is the
star which we worship, aud which will light our
path in our editorial journey. To adopt the max?
im of a distinguished scholar and patriot; we may
exclaim, " My co?tryfj? dear, iioerty is dearer,
truth is dcarestJ^^"
"^l^nCosewho have given us their aid, we offer
our sincere thanks. To those who have not sub?
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it more interesting than he who commences in the
middle of a volume. May we not trust that you
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To our brethren of the Press we offer the hand
of fellowship, trusting to become worthy of ar. as?
sociation with such an intelligent and honored fra?
We request all our friends and subscribers (o
circulate the Intelligencer amGng their neighbors,
and endeavor to swell our list immediately. Spec?
imen numbers sent when applied for.
We desire the attention of ?m'isorihots? to the
rigid adherence we expect to make in regard to
the pre-paymcnt of subscriptions. The price,
One Dollar per annum, is exceedingly iow, which
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ber. Remember this and send in your money.
Acko wie dgement.
We feel much indebted to those members of the
State Press who have offered kindly words of en?
couragement to our enterprise, and under special
obligations to such as placed the prospectus we is?
sued in their columns. When the opportunity oc?
curs, we shall be gratified to reciprocate the kiud
ncSsrso-far as possible.
Our neighbors of the Gazette arc entitled to an
unstinted acknowledgement on our part for the
!.???"?? "-ity and liberality shown us, by placing at
out >osal several articles of office furniture
previous to the arrival of those ordered by us.
We i ? d to them the hand of cordial friendship,
and . i to unite heartily in endeavoring ro ad?
vance the interests and prosperity of our District
Bt the intervention of circumstances which were
beyond our control, we have not issued our paper
as early as announced in our prospectus. We do
not doubt that this delay has given currency to the
opinions of those who believed the appearance of
: Intelligencer an impvobablc event. We have,
despite such rumors, gone on with the work, and
have been more than ordinarily successful in pro?
curing subscribers. Several hundred of our friends
have stepped forward to aid us in our enterprise)
and enrolled their names as subscribers ; but there
are still many who have not had an opportunity ;0
subscribe. We hare, therefore, sent this number
to many for the purpose of giving them a chance
becoming subscribers. If the receiver of this
mbcr be desirous to have his name placed upon
ourliSi. let him retain the papcrjtnd send us one
dollar, and we will continue to send it. Should
the reverse be the case, let the person receiving it
notify us by returning the paper, aud it will cease
its visits. All Post Masters who will act as agents
in procuring subscribers for our paper, shall re?
ceive a copy of it free of charge.
This theme, which furnishes standing matter for
the press, and which is generally the first subject
of conversation after the usual salutations, now
demands a notice from us. On Friday last, it be?
gan to rain at this place: since which time it has
fallen abundantly all over the District. It has had
to renew the iuer-rics and brishtcn the
Ix mir prospectus we announced that \vc would
conduct <nir paper independent of all parties, fac?
tions or cliques. Wc arcawarc of the difficulty of
such an undertaking in these troublous and
tumultous times, wlien^partyls arrayed against
party frith all thejisperity uf ancient hatred, fired j
by recent injury. Party feeling entirely distorts j
the judgment, and where t lie mind is once infected
with the disease; it can only find pleasure in what
contributes to increase the distemper. When one
unites with a party he must cling to it through all
its changes or be denounced as "a traitor, and
called by all the "unlovely epithets" that satire
can invent. '
These arc some uf the reasons why wo ore un
willing to unite with any political party. Without
espousing tho "cause of any. wc will attempt to
moderate the rage of all, holding to the rule that a
medium is the best in all things.
Wc regard it as the duty dT every individual en?
dowed with reason to think for himself and arrive
at his own conclusions in matters touching his in?
terest. To enable him to do this, he need only
have facts set before him. lie who hears but one
side of iyqucstion must either form a one-sided
opinion, or not form an opinion at all. To obviate
tliis^ wc will present to our readers oil sides of ev?
ery question which, may come up for discussion,
and about which they may be interested as good
citizens, willing to contribute their influence to the
general welfare and intelligence. After making
fair and impartial statements, wc will express our
opinion without regard to popular favor.
In regard to our public functionaries, the ser?
vants of the people, and to whom they arc answer?
able for their political deeds, we will pursue a like
independent policy?approving when there is any?
thing worthy of approval, condemning when there
is not. We do not inteud to act the vain pane?
gyrist, or idle satirist.
In Federal politics, wo recognize no "higher
law " than (lie Constitution : wc want nothing less
than the rights it guarantees to us. We hold to
the doctrine that when our rights are invaded by
false constructions of the Constitution, that we
have the right cither to resort to coercive measures
to compel a recognition of them, or to withdraw
from i lie Union ami act upon the defensive.
Should the Union survive the present crisis, lo
avoid future strife, wc are in favor of so altering
and amending the Constitution as so clearly to de?
fine our rights that there can be no doubt as to
the powers it confers or the meaning thereof. We
arc opposed to the disposition that many in the
South manifest to abide by the decisions of the
Supreme Conrt of the United Stales touching the
institution of slavery. Though the decision of
that Court in the Dred Seoi ease was just and con
siiu?uimVj^i it is no guaranty of similar decis?
ions in the future. Wc believe ih:rt-swtjyvvc_c?r
tain inalienable rights of which neither legislation
by Congress, territorial legislation or judicial de?
cisions can justly deprive us. Among these arc
personal security, personal liberty and private
property. We believe that slaves arc property,
and as such, one of our inalienable rights. Wc
regard the institution as no moral evil, but as a
social and political blessing. Wc are in favor of
au immediate and permanent settlement of this
question, which for the last forty years has dis?
turbed the peace of our country, and has come
very near demonstrating to the'world that a true
democracy.isSk-d?uuj-a iu politics, We ;u-? npjj?^?
to the timorous policy that has heretofore charac?
terized the South?
-"Indignation, sigh and frown,
But with too little courage to throw the gauntlet
Our motto is. " Equality in the Union or inde?
pendence out of it," and that speedily. Wc arc
strictly States ltights in our constructions of the
Constitution. The Virginia and Kentucky resolu?
tion of 179S-9 embody our State ltights creed.
Want of space forbids our going into particulars,
and discussing the questions that now engage the
public mind. These few general remarks must
sulli.ee for the present to show our position.
We ask the attention of subscribers and others
whose hands this number may reach, to the favors
of those friends who arc using our columns as an
advertising medium. There is a limited number
of them, but will repay a perusal. We trust that
others will follow the example set before them, and
make use of our columns freely.
The well-known house of Hamilton Easter &
Co., Importers of Foreign Dry Goods, Baltimore,
have favored us with their card, and wc take great
pleasure iu directing merchants in this section to
their claims for patronage from the South.
A. Kkaker, at Xo. 1 Granite Bow, in this place,
being about to close business, offers his large and
well selected stock of Dry Goods and Clothing at
first cost. If you want bargains, call on Krakur
To obtain a good Ambrotype for a mere song, it
is only necessary to pay a visit to John Millwkk's
Gallery, where first-rate Pictures arc taken at 50
cts. Mim.wek understands his business in all its
branches, and is prepared to do any work iu that
line. Entrance to rooms, No.'" Granite How.
W. S. Suarpe offers to sell Factory Thread at a
very low price for cash.
W. C. Bewxst gives timely warning to those in?
debted to him on the "old score," and such as arc
in that condition should settle immediately.
D. A. Keaslek has a note of admonition to all
indebted for Confectionarics, and will hand over
acc'ts. at an early day to an officer for prompt col?
Sloa.v, SciUTAS & Co. arc offering Factory
Thread at the lowest possible price, and all other
Goods at the same rates for the cash. Remember
ihc '? Cheap Corner."
The professional cards of Moore Si Featiif.R
sto.v, Keith & Wilkes, Jons Puter Brown, Esq..
W. AV. Hl'mpurets, Esq., and J. T. Horxr, Den?
tist, will be found in this issue. Also, there are
several military orders of importance, &e.
Political Meeting at Williamston.
According to notice given through the public
prints, there was a gathering of the masses at
Williamston on Thursday last, to hear distinguish?
ed gentlemen advance their views upon ihc exci?
ting political questions of ihc day. We were pre?
vented by pressing duties at home from accepting
the polite invitation to be ill attendance, but learn
that an immense crowd assembled at the usual
hour, and that the day was spent moit pleasantly.
Hon. J. D. AsiiMoitr., J. D. B. DeBow, Esq., Hon.
J. L Uuu, Hon. .1. P. 1'keo, and th0 candidates
for the Legislature in this District, delivered
speeches, which occupied the day up to a late hour.
Federal politics was mostly dismissed, nnd disunion
advised by all in the event that the libick Republi?
can candidate for the Presidency. is successful
We regret not being prepared lo make a fuller re
port of the proceedings at NVilriamstou.
On the same evening we understand that there'
was a Ball given at the Mammoth Hotel, which
passed off successfully, and with credit to the
management ofthat establishment. ?
Wealth should bo prized in proportion m it is cnl
^cuhitcd t? promote the happiness of tho human race.
Erskine College Commencement.
Ii was our pleasure lo be present at the literary
entertainments of Erskino College, which came off
on the Sih inst. This was" her . 18th annual Com?
mencement. Erskine College has done much good
for our country, notwithstanding the many jeering
and depreciatory remarks that have been made
against her literary repuation. Those unacquaint?
ed wir Ii th( mural deportment of the students of
oilier institutions of learning, have been accustom?
ed to regard the atmosphere of Erskine as most
dangerous to the morals of youth. To show how
unjust is such a charge, we need only refer the
reader to the la?t catalogue of the Alumni of this
institution. The Pulpit claims the largest share
of those whom she has sent forth to engage in the
active duties of life; fruits, doubtless, of good
seed sown in their youthful minds during fheir
slay Willi I heir Alma Muler, The number of stu?
dents last year was VI I. The faculty is composed
of five professors, men of literary attainments,
who, no doubt, will compare very favorably with
professors of most colleges.
The annual commencement of the Philomathean
and Euphemian Societies took place on Tuesday
night, the "th inst. The Societies were well rep?
resented by the following gentlemen :
Diplomas conferred upon the graduates of the
Philomathean Society?R. L. Cualmers, Ncwber
Valedictory Address to the Philomathean Socie?
ty?II. W. Stobby, Pickcns, Ala.
Diplomas conferred upon the Graduates of the
Euphemian Society?J. E. BRADLEY, Abbeville.
Valedictory Addrcas to the Euphemian Socie?
ty?W. A. M'Cmntock, Laurcus.
After Ihc Society programme was filled, the
Alumni Address was delivered by W. L. Hudgeks,
Esq., of Laurcns. This address was replete with
thought and well delivered; subject, "Liberal In?
tellectual Culture." With a philanthropic spirit
he advocated giving nicu of all professions liberal
educations, using the term profession in its broad?
est accept ion. All who heard Mr. HtJDGEXS must
have been pleased. We hope to sec his address in
At the close of the Alumni Address, the orator
in behalf of the Alumni presented to Itev. W. It.
llBMRltiti a gold-headed cane, as a testimonial of
their appreciation of his services, rendered for the
endowment of the institution. Mr. Hemi-iull re?
sponded by making a tedious and uninteresting
discourse. He recounted the severe labors thai
he had undergone for the institution, which must
have been cxlrremcly painful to all of his friends.
The crowd then dispersed, most of it repairing
to the Euphemia!! Hall, a very pretty, though some?
what unique style of architecture, unattended; we
directed our footsteps thither, and soon found our?
selves in the library of the society, which is com?
posed of a good selection of books. After examin
lit-.f tluvJibrary l:astily,*and finding ourselves still
unattended, wc madSpMnfc.wny into the Society
Hall, where we found encircled a J.-?rge number of
familiar and happy faces. Wc know" n/**' ?*
most to admire, the ornaments of the Iljdl or the
pretty faces therein. We had not. more than lo?
cated, ere we found that Cupid had usurped the
[ place of .Mercury, and that the shafts from his
bow were falling thick and fast around, jfrcaring
that wc might be vulnerable, and knowing 'hat wc
were not expert in the use of the same v^vcapon, we
bade adieu to this gay and joyous assembly.
I_Jl';. -;',.. ....'_;. . lq g.j,, -nil* i-(mrrrr<:ncor:(cnfr^iJu>^>_|
Dy 10 o'clock, Lindsay Hall was tilled to overflow?
ing. All seemed eager lo hear. Prayer was offer?
ed by Itev. David Wills. Then commenced the
speeches of the graduating class :
"Will man wholly die V?J. C. Bell, Pickcns,
'?Knowledge is power."?T. C. Bradley, Abbe?
ville, S. C.
"The material and moral world?their con?
trast."'?T. S. Bhice, Fairfield. S. C.
"The influence of home in forming character. "
I. L. GiUEit, Due West. S. ('.
"Almighty Dollar?its use and abuse."?0. P.
Hawthorn, Due West.
"Divine Philosophy."?W. Wins Lindsay, Due
West, S. C.
" Liberty and Revolution."?W. 11. M'Clellaxd,
" Times destroyed is suicide where more than
blood is spilled."?J. Brtson Morfut, Maury.
"Mercy."?J. L. Oer, Marshall, Tenn.
"Destiny of America."?J. II. Smith, .Marshall,
"S'HVhcrn Genius?its want of encourage?
ment."?(Appointed by the Philomathean Socie?
ty.)?W. C. Winn, Laurens, S. C.
These speeches were listened to with interest,
though the hall was densely crowded, and the
weather excessively hot. 'Though all of the
speeches were entertaining, we cannot refrain
from partiell! arizing the speech of W. M. Gut Kit,
which was well conceived and delivered in a pleas?
ing and forcible manner.
llTi HaT-^4ujiieaie Address of President P.vttos
wc have never heard surpissert. It could not
have failed lo make a deep and lasting impression
upon the class. lie reminded them that they were
not to live for themselves alone, but for society?
that though they might be in possession of riches,
it was their duty lo labor. Witli a father's love
and kindness, he warned them of the temptations
and dangers that beset life's tempestuous journey.
This nldr^ss ended, and the degrees conferred, a
recess of an hour was given.
After the expiration of an hour, spent very
pleasantly, the audience reassembled to hear the
annual address before the societies by S. W. Mel.
ton, Esq., of Vorkville. Mr. Mf.lton made an
elaborate speech. We are sorry that we heard so
little of it. That we did hear was good; that we
did not hear, we presume was likewise so. The
audience behaved badly during the delivery of
this address, by not giving due attention to the
speaker. Wc presume, however, that it was iioi
for t lie want of good bleeding, but that the long
exercises of the day hail wearied ihcm, and than
they expecicd so see the address in prim. *^
The dedication of the new Philoinalhcnn Hall
took place ai night in Lindsay Hall. The attend?
ance was not so large as the nighl before. The or?
ators were W. W. East and J C. Maxwell. We
heard these addresses spoken of in terms of com?
mendation. The new hall is a very elegant one?
sufficiently spacious and well decorated.
While at Due West, we were present at the lay?
ing of the Corner Stone of. the Due West Female
College. We think this institution will exercise a
refining and moralizing influence over the male
College. It will create a spirit of emulation in
both institutions. May success attend them.
Tin: communication of our friend ami corres?
pondent was just received in time to appear in our
present issue; we have not, therefore, had time to
make any comments upon it. In our next wc think
wc ivill te able lo .-how that the Democratic
"musses"" of whom Sidney speaks are right, and
that lie, as it true Southern man, should advocate
met* true to the ('(institution and the South.
85g- Be just and fear nut.
Tho Palmetto P.iflcmoa.
Several months ago there was an effort made by
some young men in this place to form n volunteer
corps under the above name, and at one time we
thouglit, success would attend the movement.
From various causes, however, the spirit and in?
terest excited on the subject have been allowed to
decline, and iris, with regret that wc are coni#
pelled to class the effort among the almost num?
berless movements in our midst for the last few
years which have "vanished into thin air." Is
this not a serious rcllection upon the energy and
perseverance of the community? We think so,
and would urge it strongly upon all, especially
young men, to come to the rescue, and rallying
around the standard of the "Palmettoes," seek
the establishment of a Company second to none
within the borders of our loved Slate. It is use?
less, it is idle and altogether unnecccssiiry to ad?
vance any proof of the necessity for such a Com?
pany in our town. At an ordinary time, when the
country is no! rocked with dissensions and dis?
cords, volunteer corps should be encouraged and
sustained ; but whey, as now, the threatening at
titudc*of affairs bcUiken stirring times, and may?
hap the dreadful - carnage of civil war, is it not
eminently proper that we of the South, the young
men more particularly, should be trained anil
skilled in the usc^of arms.? If the worst is to
come, we should be prepared to meet it, and there
is no better precaution that can be exercised than
the organization of volunteer military companies.
Young men of Anderson .' awake from the leth?
argic state into which you have unconsciously fal?
len, nnd proceed lo enrol your names lo the con?
stitution of the "Palmetto Riflemen," with the de?
termination that this corps shall be excelled by
none either in numbefs or military spirit. With
such a purpose in vio^v, the Company will become
a fixed institution at tincc, and rcQcct honor and
credit upon the town and District.
The book containing tfie constitution is ready
for signatures, ami will "be found in (he hands of
\V. W. IIiuipurkys, Ksifl who will lake pleasure
in receiving the names of any desirous of enrolling
It is gratifying iu limes of political excitement
and during a heated conflict to meet with an actor
in such scenes who has the- manliness and inde?
pendence to rise above party prejudice and petty
jealousies, laboring with Jiis whole soul for the
best interests and welfare of his country, and stri?
ving to impress thos?u-ound him with the same
high sense of duty, rrbm this cause wc are led
to admire the sentiments c^nrfhiTTod iu the following
extract from a Iale number of the Texas Tribune,
an excellent weekly published tit Gilmcr, (Tpshcr
Co., and edited by J. II. Tuowku., Esq. The ar?
ticle from which ibis extract is made was in reply
to a cotcmporary who had abandoned'argument for
coarse vituperation and personal abuse. Here is
the extract: ...^ ? .
'*? Wc do not publish a paper n*"Tf medium to in?
jure or lasccratc the feelings of any one. Wc
care not how high or how low, how rich or how
poor. If any remark of ours has ever been con?
strued lo insinuate or mean anything of the kind,
our language has been tortured and its meaning
mistaken, and although our private feelings might
in the event of certain contingencies favor a differ?
ent course,"yet we arc willing to sacrifice them for
-the (food of those who patronize ami sustain us in
ourTirnnTlTt^iaii^^^lijnk, laudable enterprise.
Wc believe that the object ami aim ot uiu>, public
journalist should lie far above the low practice of
personalities. His aim ought to be to correct, in?
struct, reform, purify and ennoble his race.
There should be no height too high Gor him to ns
scend?no depth loo low for him to*seach, if by
that means he can benefit a single member of I he
human family. If wc look around us, wc will
find plenty of work to do, without trying to
destroy the usefulness of any man or newspaper.
The South should be united. Stirring limes arc I
upon us?stirring times are ahead of us. It is our
object and aim politically, if we can. to guide the
patriot to where he may find a sure resting place
in the approaching political storm?if we can, to
lind and point out a port where he can anchor his
hopes iu safely, and rest in sure repose.
This Troupe gave three of their original and
pleasing entertainments in our village during last
week. We weic in attendance on each evening,
ami can speak knowingly of the excellence, varie?
ty and meritorious character of their performances.
The side-splitting burlesque on scenes enacted iu
the Empire State of the South long ago. entitled
.Vnjor Jone* Courlxhip, presented most graphically
I he celebrated and successful wooing of ?? Mary
Stallins," as described in ihc memorable chronicles
of Piucvillc. The rendering of Hen Holl on tlie
second night's entertainment was no less success?
ful, and the concluding^farce_of the Yirjiniu' Mnm
r^ylalrly brotiglil down the house at every mcli of
iis progress. The third ami hist (Wednesday)
evening, the management made a most capital hit
in affording our play-going citizens the opportune*
ty ot witnessing that characteristic comedy. Our
American Cumin. The raw Do* n-Easter is given
iu strong contrast with the character of one of
England's titled but degenerated nobility, and the
whole plot admirably carried out with spirit and*
tin ihc whole, there has been no Troupe through
this section for years that has pleased and suc?
ceeded so well as the 15.mi.kys'. A repetition of
their visit would be hailed with joy by the many
who crowded the spacious pavilion on each night.
We can commend them to our brethren id' ihc
Press for their liberality and gentlemanly bearing.
A correspondent writing to the Columbia (littr
ilian, thus spetiks of the Williamston Mold :
"And here, by the way, we will lake the liberty
to say a word about ibis most excellent Hotel, and
pthc manner in which ii is kepi. Kvcryihing here
r* iu the neatest order?be<Is, room-, furniture, ;
and the cooking apartment, ami a siit?cieiil num?
ber of well-iraiucd servants: ami to this we have
the iinreniitling attentions of a kind and obliging
landlord. Mr. Tuslcii, one ofthc gentlemanly pro?
prietors; and then, there is. besides nil this, the
most delicious, hcabh-giving mineral water to be
found anywhere. There is a charm, too, and a
beauty about the place itself, which is seldom to
j be found elsewhere. The lirccuvillc & Columbia
Railroad passes in a few feet of its door, and the
beautiful villages of Greenville and Anderson,
I with their nourishing schools ami colleges"?ihc
Salilda .Mountains?the Table Rock and Ctesnr's
Head?arc almost insight of it. The laste of our
Southern people who are breaking their necks to
spend their summer months and money among the
Yankees, who are burning our houses and inciting
our slaves to insurrection and incendiarism, in
i preference to giving their patronage lo such a
: place as this, owned and projected by Southern
men, ami carried on by Southern capital, and de?
pending alone for iis support upon Southern men.
such a taste, we say, is not only strange, but it is
reckless?it is giving aid and support to our ene?
mies, and thereby withholding it from our friends.''
Correspondence "gf the Intelligencer.
Ci-mminu, (I.Inly I), 1800.
Dr.AR F.: According to your request, 1 ?W pro?
ceed to give you n brief outline of the political at?
titude of Georgia. I am free to admit that pres?
ent indications are that (fie Democratic massts arc
overwhelmingly in favor of Brcckiaridgc for the
Presidency, which, t think, is 'attributable to the
fact that his nomination addressed irsV-lf to their
sectional feelings, and appealed to their love for
their native South rather than their luve for
their natirc country?their love for the (Jaion of
their fathers. It 48 not, however, because thej
love the Union less, but because they love the
South more, that induces I hem to huzza for Brcck
enridge, without giving a moment's reflection to
the motives and circumstances under which he
was presented for their suffrages. I: is only on
few and great occasions that the masses can be
made to reflect for themselves. The lime has now
come when they must thin!:?when the fate of our
common country depends upon the information
hth\ patriotism with which they cast their votes in
the coming election. If they cast their votes for
the man who has the best chances of defeating Lin?
coln, then they will have discharged their duty,
anil will be entitled to the gratitude of every lover
of liberty on whatever spot of earth he may be
Notwithstanding the present indications in this
State are against Douglas, yet his friends (and
you may set me down as one of them) entertain
str?ng hopes that when the truth is presented to the
masses, their "sober second thought" will produce
a powerful reaction in his favor. And why should
it not??that's, the question.
The issue between Douglas and Breckcnride is
non-intervention and protection?Mr. Douglas ad?
vocating the former?Mr. Ureckcnridgc the latter.
Which is right? Wc contend that Douglas is, and
that the faith of the South is plighted in behalf of
his doctrine. It has been the doctrine of the Dem?
ocratic party ever since 1850?it has been conten?
ded for by the South since 1*20?it is the only
doctrine upon which the North and the South can
live together amicably.
What has been die cry of (he South for (he last
forty years? What has been the strain or her elo?
quent sons in ('ongress and on flic stump? They
have, uniformly said, let the subject alone?wc
want none of your intervention?none of your in?
terference with slavery, neither in the District of
Columbia, in the States nor Territories. From the
formation of the government up to 11:50, Congress
had arrogated to itself jurisdiction over the sub?
ject of slavery in the Territories, which the South
opposed, and rightly. This kept up a continual
ferment among the masses. North and Si Fx
pcrieucc has shown that the more the subject has
been agitated the stronger have become the oppo?
sition to the institution of slavery. That Opposi?
tion was I : tight forth by agitation, nursed by ag?
itation, :?!? \ fed upon .??gitaiiou_jvi:il 'issumed
.proportions fearfully cortentoo-; T? 1S-'? J -
"icioiiiicii nad become this opposition that it seem?
ed to reach a culminating point.. A'.! patriots
throughout the country were made to iremMc for
the safely of the Constitution and the Union. The
agitation was allayed for the time by the passage
of the Compromise measure in which the South
gave up everything hut the constitutional right to
reclaim her fugitive slaves. However. those meas?
ures recognized and granted the demand of the
South, which was lor Congress to lei the subject of,
slavery alone. All the national men of all parlies
accepted, those "mcasitreU '? as a final settlement of
the subject. Georgia endorsed and accepted them
'by eighteen thousand majority. The South accep?
ted and endorsed i hem. and had a righl to expect
that the great principle of non-intervention which
they shadowed forth?the recognition of the hands,
off doctrine by Congress lor which they had .-o
long contended?if faithfully carried out, would
forever put at rest the distracting question.?
When it became necessary lo pass organic laws for
Kansas anil Ncbraska,.the expectations of the South
were realized by the application of the same great
principle to those Territories?non-intervention?
i he hands-oif doctrine. The Kansas-Nebraska Act
was satisfaction to the Southern States?they ap?
plauded it, and nearly all of them in their State
Conventions and Legislatures passed resolutions
commending it and its author. Thus stood the
Democratic party of Georgia and of the Union in
1 S?ii. In that year, non-intervention*, the South
and the Democratic jmrty triumphed by the elec?
tion of .lames Buchanan. In thai year, at the
Cincittnalti Convention, Mr. Douglas was sound
enough to be voted for as a candidate for the Presi?
dency almost by the entire South, in preference to
Mr. Buchanan. If he was sound enough to be
voted for then, why is he not sound enough to be
voted for now ?
At various times Mid various places, since ISIS,
Mr. Douglas, has openly avowed and proclaimed
that a people of a territory could, in a legislative
capacity, establish or prohibit slavery at their
plc.i-urcT This was known to every reading man
in the South in [850, and did not make Mr. Douglas
objectionable then, and if not, why should it now?
1 know thai he is now objected toon this ground,
(which 1 will notice in another place.) but the fad
is, we must look elsewhere for the motives and in?
centives io the present opposition to the great
statesman of (he West. "But," say many of Mr.
Douglas's opposcrs, "look ai Iiis opposition lo the
admission of Kansas under the Lccompton Consti?
tution," and complacently ask if that is not enough
lo damn him forever in the estimation of the South.
To this I reply, look at his opposition to the ad
I mission of Kansas under the Free State Topeka
j Constitution, and ask if (hat is not sufficient lo
damn him forever in the estimation of the Black
, Republicans and Abolitionists of the North. I
I therefore present this nut for the opposcrs of Mr.
Douglas io crack: If his opposition io the !.?.
I comp:on Constitution made htm an i//i//-slavery
' man, so Iiis opposition to the Topeka Constitution
made him an excellent /?r?>-*hu'ery man. The
I null is, wc cannot account for his opposition in
i these two constitutions, diametrically opposed as
I they were on the vital question of slavery, by the
1 supposition that the slavery issue had anvtliiii" io
do with his opposition to either of them, lie up
p i.-ed them, as did Hammond of your own State.
I Bell, or Tennessee, Criticndcn, of Kentucky, the
Lccompton Constitution?because they were :i
eoived in sin. and brought forth i:i iniquity"?
. written by pens crimsoned with the blood of his
countrymen shed in unholy civil strife. If Kansas
had been admit teil under either the constitutions
presciifcdhy her contending factions, id.I would
have been her i.oprepriato emblem. He could not
vote for a constitution stained with Id.1. whether
it was fur or again*! slavery. Was he not consis?
tent? Can you blame him .' Do you blame him :
Bui the South compromised this tnatterwith Mr.
Douglas by accepting the English Bill. TheSotiih
is responsible for sending the Lccompton Constitu?
tion back to Kansas for a direct vote of the pe pie.
When it was thus sent back by the solemn agree?
ment "and consent of the South, it was voted down
by an overwhelming majority. How. then, can
you make Mr. Douglas responsible for the rejec?
tion of that Constitution? You cannot, [have
. shown, in the first place, that he acted consistently
( in opposing it. aud the next place, that the South
compromised with him by sending u bdbk for rati?
fication or rejection by ihc pcopie.
I will now notice more at length the objections
to Mr. Douglas because of what is called his squat
tcr sovereign or territorial heresies. Mr. Dy.igias
maintains that a Territorial Legislature can estab?
lish ?r prohibit slavery[as they please. Ina wont,
he soys that slavery may be interdicted by "un?
friendly territorial l< gisktion," and th it the people
of as Territory can by non-action keep it out of a
Territory. His opponents say that a Territorial
Legislature has no right to legislate upnn the sub?
ject one way or the Other, and that it is ^he duty
of Congress to pass laws to protect the right of
the slaveholder to Iiis slaves in any and all the
territories. . If his opponents are wrong, he must
he. right, and therefore cntitlcd'tojjjthe support of
the Smth. Let us see. Whatever power Con?
gress had over I lie subject of slavery, was referred
io ilie Territorial Legislature and the Supremo
(Vitut in the Kansas-Nebraska Act. That Act
Says that the "poteen o&iho Territ. ?rial Legislature
thalt mend to ull rightful subjects^ of legislation,
subject only to the Constitution."_?Xow, if protec?
tion is \ rightful subject of legislation, it has been
referred to the Territorial Legislatures and to the
Supreme Court. If further proof was wanting on
this point, it could be furnished by reference tj
speeches made by Orr, Toombs, Cobb, Stephens,
Breckcnridge, (your own candidate.) and a host of
other Southern Democrats. They all agreed that
Congress was to have nothing to do with the ques?
tion of slavery in the Territories, either "protect?
ing, establishing prohibiting or abolishing silve?
ry.'7 in ihc language of the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
That Act provides the mode and manner of pro?
tecting slave properly in ihc Territories. Tho
faith of Georgia and the entire South is plighted as
above indicated. 'W hy depart from that faith?
'flic South made'the agreement, and tho South is
bound by it. Mr. Douglas is also bound by tho
agreement. lias lie departed from his plighted
faith ^ if tie has not, then theSouth will continue
to bo bound until he does. But it is said that ho
has departed from his faith, because he contends
that the Supreme Court has not decided the ques?
tion which it was agreed should be referred to
that Court. Ditl the Court decide the question in
issue? If it did. then the South is not bound, and
Douglas should bo repudiated. Mr. Rcrerdy
Johnson, perhaps the ablest jurist in the world,
who argued the Dred Scott case before the Su?
preme Court tor the South, says it was not decide-1.
lie ought to know. If you were to argue a caio
in a coin;, would you uotfknow what points you
made and what was decided in the case? The
question referred in the Kansas-Nebraska Act,
was the power of a Territorial Legislature to es
j lablish or prohiht slavery, iu other words;, the
validity or invalidity, constitutionality or uncon?
stitutionally id' a territorial law effecting slavery
iu the territories, was referred for adjudication by
^tuc-UupMuae Ci. W.-i< the vnlijiiv-t.r f::v.kiuii
:v ol any such law decided in the Dred Scot case?
Assuredly nut. Can the validity or invalidity of
a law be decided other Ihau hy a mereobirler dicta,
'.(.fore the law is passed? It cannot. How, then,
i:iii possible thai the Supremo Court decided tho
question in the Drcd^Scot case? There was no
territorial law before the Court of which they
could sny "it"w unconstitutional." I grant that
i the Cour; in'.imaltd pretty; strongly that such a
I law teould he unconstitutional. But a law cannot
Tbe unconstitutional before it exists. Therefore
the Court basnet decided thegquestion which it
was agreed should be referred for their adjudica?
tion. If so, Mr. Douglas tVright, an l Georgi-iand
the South should abide by their agreement. Why
have they departed from their faith ? Their last
puerile, insignificant excuse has fallen to tho
ground. They are responsible for the disnicmbcr
inenl of ihc Democratic party, which, in its entire?
ty, was the only salvation of the country. Let
'.he consequences be upon their heads.
Wh.u harm would the Douglas doctrine do the
South if it prevailed? It is a notorious fact that
under the operation ofthat doctrine, the two most
Southern territories now belonging to the United
Stales have passed laws for tlie establishment and
protection of slave property in their midst. I al?
lude to New Mexico ami the Indian Territory. If
that i.-j the way the Douglas doctrine harms Ihc
South, I would like for her to be harmed in the
same way iu every territory where the law of na?
ture will permit slavery profitably to go.
It is generally conceded that wherever the cli?
mate, soil and productions arc favorable no the in
troductiou of slavery, there slavery will go, and
rief. pff?/. This being tried, wherever slavery can
he made profitable, there will slavery go in despite
of law, and wherever it cannot lie made profitable,
there it will not go, laws for its protection to tfco
contrary notwithstanding. Why, then, break -ip
this union on an impracticable issue?a mere ib
straction! I see no necessity for it. But I do
sec thai the doctrine of protection, if pursue! to
its legitimate consequences, will eventuate in a
dissolution of the Union, provided the- Bneken
ridgc men will stick lo their doctrine. If Con?
nies-' refuse to pass a law for the protect fan of
slave property iu the territories, wh it wtl the
Breckcnridge party du ? Will they be for disun?
ion'.' If they are not. they will have to fal back
on the Douglas doctrine. I prefer the latter to dis?
union under the circumstances.
Saw Two Sl'XSKTS IS oXE Day.?due of the fin?
est sights Professor Steiner, the leronaut says he
ever saw. was ihc view he had of tw> sunsets,
while on his balloon trip from Milwaubc on tho
"ith ult. He was at a certain altitude thctirsi time,
when he saw the sun go down upon Luke?dichigan,
and then lesccud d to the waters of the like. After?
wards, he coinmene i rising very rapidh and sootl
reached such an altitude that the fiorj orb again
began to rise apparently, from the Vcstcrn wa?
ters, and ere long he was ?nee more iu fill sunlight.
i'!:< :i he descended again, the sun unk beneath
:!. waters a second time, thus affordng two suu
sei vi* v.'s in a single day. The Profosor says, as
t'ie sun appeared to rise the secondtimc, ii was
the finest visions he ever whncsscdind the spec-.
' tacle was of the most misnifieeiii.
j Sto.vi.v?; St.vtces.?It is found necessary to
I have a policeman stationed in L:nin Square New
! York, to prevtni !>..y< from s!;ytir stones at the
bronze equestrian statue of Wnslngton there.?
We w.ler if there is another eituu the universal
world where such thing- as this ould occur.
VLT. |"Ts"ii- having a?.unison my books for
Is an 1 i>t. had bestc?inc forward and
close'liy cash.ui note by the full of September
next, as my accounts .'ii that d:j will be handed
. vor t" an Attorney for coliectili. I do not wish
!.. -lie. If you have n-.t ihounoiicy, come and
?rive vour notes: the books mul bo closed.
W. C. KEWLEV,
Anderson. Aug. '-'. 1 >?'.". 1?:lt
.1. T. LIOJNE,
ij i-:.-. n> i: >T r 5 is.nti-st,
ANDERSON' C S. C.
Office?two doors west of Ucctlcy & Cravtons'
Aug. 14, lb**) I lv