Newspaper Page Text
Wo extract the following from the let?
ter of Hon J. F. Marshall, to his constit?
uents in Abbeville, in response to queries
heretofore noticed. We. have not room
for the whole letter:
"I ask in the name of common sense, is
there any more proof wanted by any
Bane man as to what are the avowed pur?
poses of the- Black Republican party.
But, says the Union shriekers, we will
wnit for the overt act. Time enough yet
to talk about dissolving this Union, when
Congress passes a law abolishing slavery
in the Territories, or in the District of
Columbia, or in the Forts and Arsenals
? of the slave States, or attempt to inter?
dict the slave trade between the slave
States. Tou will never see these overt
acts put into law. The leaders of the
Black Republican party are shrewd and
cunning men. They know full well, that
were they to attempt such direct legisla?
tion, the South would bo aroused from
her supineness and lethargy, and would
to a man resist such assaults upon their
property. No, this will not be their
mode of attack. They will first lull into
false security, by an outward show of
protection to our property, and an adhe?
rence to the Constitution. Our fears be?
ing quieted, they will then commence in?
stilling their insidious poison by distribu?
ting the $80,000,000 of treasury liberally
to pur people in the way of offices at
home and abroad ; by putting men of
.their own stamp into our Post Offices.
' and on our Post Roads. They will hunt
out all the men in our midst who have
'?tender consciences'' upon the subject of
slavery, and ply them with promises of
office and position, until they yield them?
selves a willing instrument in their hands
to carry on the hellish work in our midst.
"Our people in this way will become so
familiarized with' these small acts of ag?
gression, that in a short time men in our
midst will begin to say it is not such a
bad government after all?if other States
can stand it. South Carolina ought. A
few more years mon will be found, who
have taken' care in the meantime, to sell
their negroes and pocketed the price of
the blood; to talk about the right which
a master has to set his negroes free if he
desires, and that the law now prohibiting
it, ought to be repealed. In this Avay will
be formed parties in every District and
county of tho slaveholding States, sustain?
ing this dominant party. These small
parties will increase under the auspices
and patronage of the Black Republicans,
until District after District, count}- after
county falls in their power. They will so
circumvent and surround slavery with a
_ cor/Inn of free States on our North and
"West; and with the Atlantic on our East,
and the Gulf on our South, they will
make slavery 'stink in our nostrils.' To
save ourselves, our wives, and our chil?
dren from the contaminating influence of
the insolent and rebellious neg2*o, ice will
be made to abolish slavery ourselves. Thcy
wili not do the overt act that some Union
men are waiting for. Not they! But
they will bring to bear the whole force
and power of tho Government upon
the South, in such away that abolition
will be far preferable than the attempt
to hold the negro in slavery, with such
influences acting and inciting him to ra?
pine and murder.
';This7you say, is impossible?it is an
overwrought picture of the workings of
the Government in the hands of the Black
Republicans. Then, for proof I point you
to the city of St. .Louis?ono of the lar?
gest cities on tho banks of the Mississippi,
and the emporium of the State of Missou?
ri, which has a slave population of 76,000.
Who would have thought ten years ago.
aye, five years ago, that an avowed Black
Republican could be elected in that State ?
It has been done within the last five
weeks, in tho person of F. P. Blair, Jr.,
and a more reckless and violent Aboli?
tionist docs not live North of Mason ami
Dixon's line. Bet me point you to the
present excited condition of Texas. Look
at the burning of her cities, towns, villa?
ges and houses; and tho poisoning and
murdering of her mon, women and chil?
dren that was contemplated. Whose
~~"^-work is this ? It is tho "irrepressible con?
flict" already commenced, before the par?
ty is in power. If the xYbolitionists can
thus destroy our property and excite our
people by merely sending their agents
and money in our midst, what can they
not do when tho Treasury, the Navy, Ar?
my and Judiciary will be made to sub
servo their purpose ?
"But, says some of our 'hopeful politi?
cians,' wo have friends in the midst of
these Black Republicans, and we ought to
do all we can to strengthen and sustain
them. I grant there are a few constitu?
tional men of the North; but let me ask
the question, where are they ??are they
in any political position, which can enable
them to correct public opinion of the
North on the subject of slavery ??or can
they arrest this crusade against our do?
mestic institutions ? Not ono can be
found in place or power. They have long
since been wrecked upon tho quicksands
of Abolitionism. They are now as pow?
erless before this abolition blast as straws
before the whirlwind- It is in vain, then,
to look upon these friends of the North to
bring back the Abolitionists to a return?
ing sensc^fjusticc to tho South.
"This idea of a returning sense on the
part of the North is supremely ridiculous.
Their very nature, education and feelings
forbid such an idea. They are taught
around the fireside, at the Sabbath school,
and in the pulpit, that a slave owner is
ono of the greatest monsters on earth.
"With such education, and such feelings of
hatred to the South as has been instilled
into them from their cradle up, how can
any sane man of the South ever hope for
a 'returning sense of justice' on their party
'Can the leopard change his spots, or the
Ethiopian his skin.' You might as well
attempt to change the opinions and auc?
tions of the people of the South upon the
subject of slavery, as to chango the opin?
ions of the Abolitionists. They have but
'one idea,' and that is the possession of
this Government as a' means by which
they intend to accomplish their hellish
"The conflict, then, must come sooner
or later; there is no power that can avert
it, short of omnipotence. It then be?
comes a grave question with the slave
holding States, whether they will be bet?
ter prepared to meet the issue next March,
if come it must ? Or will the cotton
States be more united and stronger four
years hence ?
I am satisfied that there is more una?
nimity in the eight seceding States, upon
this question of resistance to the aggres?
sion of the North, than there has been
since the Revolution of 1770. The mas?
ses in these States are thoroughly arous?
ed, and arc better prepared in mind and
resources to meet the crisis, than they ev?
er have or ever will be. I, for one, am
in favor of striking the blow, upon the
election of a Black Republican to the
Presidency. This blow I desire above all
things to be stricken by all the slave
holding States in concert. It" not by all,
then by the eight seceding States, with
Alabama leading. But if we cannot get
the cotton States to go with us on this
vital question, before I will submit to a
loss of property and political degrada?
tion, I, in 'God's strength, will espouse
the secession of South Carolina, separate
and alone.' The contest is 'slavery or no
slavery,' and it is between the North and
South. It is one of life or death to the
political existence of the slaveholding
States. Then let every man face the is?
sue aud answer the question for himself,
and not throw off tho responsibility upon
posterity. I then am in favor of calling
a Convention of the people of this State,
in the event of the election of a Black Re?
publican, that the people in their sover?
eign capacity may then and there consid?
er 'the infractions of the Constitution, and
the mode and manner of redress.'"
Atlanta and the Air-Line R. R.
One of the most interesting meetings
we remember ever to have witnessed,
came off Tuesday evening, at the City
Hall. It is known to our citizens gene?
rally that, some time since, the City
Council of Atlanta, by their Mayor,
Judge Ezzard, subscribed 8300,000 to the
stock of the Georgia Air-Line Railroad.
Subsequently to the time of making this
subscription, six out of ten of the mem?
bers of the same Council passed an ordi?
nance rescinding this subscription. The
friends of the Air-Line Railroad made a
call upon the citizens of Atlanta to give
an expression of opinion upon this last
action of the City Council. This call was
signed by over two hundred of our citi?
zens. In pursuance of this call, a large
number of our fellow-citizens assembled,
on Tuesday evening last, crowding the
City Hall to overflowing. Dr. John G.
Westmoreland was called to the Chair,
and G. W. Johnson, Esq., was requested
to act as Secretary. Hon. S. B. Hoyt of?
fered a set of resolutions condemnatory
of the action of Council in rescinding the
-subscription of 8300,000 to the Air-Line
Dr. Jas. P. Logan offered a set of reso?
lutions approving the action of Council
in reference to the rescinding of the sub?
scription to the Air-Line Railroad. G.
B. Ilaygood sustained the resolutions of?
fered by Judge Hoyt, in a forcible, argu?
mentative and energetic speech, denoun?
cing the action of Council as repudiation
and disgraceful to our city. Hon. Luther
J. Glenn replied to him in a manner
which, nobody but Glenn can do. His
speech was received with the most enthu?
siastic applause. It was apparent from
this that the meeting was decidedly in
favor of the action of Council.
After the argument was concluded, the
vote was taken upon Dr. Logan's substi?
tute, and carried by an overwhelming
majority, some say two to one, others say
three to one. There can now be no mis?
take that the public sentiment in Atlanta
is in favor of rescinding the subscription
to the Air-Line Railroad. Right or
Avrong, the question is settled, and there
is no use in agitating the subject any
more. If the Air-Lino Railroad Compa?
ny have complied on their part with the
terms upon which our city fathers made
the subscription, they have now to rely
only on their legal rights.?-Atlanta Intel?
Hon. John Young Brown, tho young
member of Congress from Kentucky, was
married, on the 3d instant, to Miss Re?
becca, daughter of Hon. Archibald Dix
on, Ex-Governor, Ex-United States Sena?
tor of Kentucky. The young lady is
heiress to wealth, and is said to be beauti?
ful and accomplished.
Sjje |,ttte?it |nfcl%entcr.
TUESDAY AFTERNOON, SEPT. 18,18G0.
J. C. C. FEATHEBSTON and JAMES A. HOYT.
One copy one year, invariably in advance,.Si.00.
Advertisements inserted at moderate rates; liberal
deductions made to those who will advertise by the
Court Calendar for the Western Circuit.
Abbeville, September l?.jGrcenville, October 6.
Pickcns, " 29.
Sparenburg, " 13.
Laurens, " 20.
Al)bevillc, October 1.
Anderson, " 8.
Pickcns, " 1")
sittings of court.
Greenville, October 22.
Spartauburg, *? 20.
Laurens, November 5.
Prof. J. H. Carlisle.
This gentleman delivered the promised lecture
upon Temperance, (of wliich notice was given in
our last issue,) to a large and respectable audience
on Tuesday evening last. The lecture was worthy
of the high reputation Prof. C. bears, and went
directly home to the hearts of all present. As a
dissertation upon the evils and legitimate conse?
quences of intemperance, wc have never heard it
surpassed?iadced, seldom equalled. His stylo
was impressive, his words eloquent, and the truths
presented were clearly and forcibly urged. Nothing
of the anccdotical order was attempted, neither did
the lecture deal in wholesale denunciation: but
with a consciousness of the dignity nnd serious im?
portance of his subject, he brought convincing ar?
guments aud apt illustrations to the attention of
hearers, and left them to decide each for himself
upon the abandoning or pursuit of intemperate
habits. AVo have heard no lecture of ft similar
character for years which created so much reflec?
tion among an audience, ami wc trust that its good
influence may be made permanent for the cause
Neuro Killed.?As the excursion train on the
Blue Ridge Railroad was returning from Sandy
Springs at six o'clock on Saturday afternoon last,
a negro man named Cyrus, the property of Mr. A.
Campbell, of Pendleton, met his death under the
following circumstances: He was a brakeinan on
the train, upon a box car, and was about rising
from his seat just before the train passed under a
bridge, 7 miles from lIiis place, when, before he
could take warning from another negro upon an
adjoining car, the bridge struck the back of his
head, killing him almost instantly. The train was
stopped immediately, aud before wc could reach
the car from (lie platform, (two cars in front.) the
pulsations of life were gone. All inquest was held
over the nody that night, nnd a verdict rendered in
accordance with the above facts. No censure can
be attached to any one for the unfortunate acci?
Late Strawberries.?Wc are placed under ob?
ligations to Dr. J. T. Nonius for a quantity of lus?
cious, ripe Strawberries, sent to our office on last
Friday. The Doctor has been eminently successful
in growing this delicious fruit so many months du?
ring tho year, early and late. If we arc not mis?
taken, he supplied us with Strawberries about the
first of April, and now he favors us again the
middle of September. Wc have had occasion here?
tofore, through the public Prints, to refer to the
ircntcYcnn'nts niul success ot Dr. A orris in Horti?
culture and Pomology, and would again commend
his example to others as worthy of all imitation.
Every one cannot, perhaps, equal his efforts, yet
nun.1 will deny that more general attention to such
matters would be conducive alike to health, good
taste and pleasure.
McDtTFFiE StBKET.?In a paragrapli last week
in relation to the Episcopal Church, wc inciden?
tally referred to the increasing beauty and elegance
of that pait of town which bears the name of a tlis
tinguised and limcntcd son of South Carolina.?
After a stroll in that direction, wc arc loth to be
satisfied wilh:so meagre a reference. There is no
street within our corporate limits better adapted
by nature for handsome display of art. Beautiful
and eligible building sites arc on cither hand, and
in the last few years the taste of many good citizens
has here found an outlet.
Among the more recent improvements wliich we
discern on MeDuffic street, wc fiaii that three of
our young friends, who lately began matrimonial
life, ami who (by the way) bear one family name,
have erected neat and tasty private edifices there?
upon. At the more remote portion of the street,
we npproach the dwelling of our brother editor,
Joux Peter Brown, Esq., of the Gazette, and com?
ing in the direction of the square wc pass that of
E. W. Buowx. wliil* <?*'n nearer, on the old Acad?
emy lot, wc stop to view the nearly-completed and
spacious house of Samuel Bbowx, jr. Verily, if a
few more of the name become residents on that
street, (there are now only five.) its title will have
to be changed!
But there is another improvement on McDuflie
which deserves mention. Our friends of the Meth?
odist congregation have just began sonic desirable
chnnges and improvements upon their church edi?
fice, which will add very materially to the comfort,
neatness'and capacity of the same. They intend
having more comfortable scats, re-painting the
building, and by extending the present front, pro?
vide more accommodation for the people generally
and the "colored folks" in particular. By doing
this, I hey accomplish a much desired object, and
which has long been needed. At the late protrac?
ted meeting, numbers failed to obtain scats night
after night. We are glad the deficiency will soon
These evidences of progress on McDuffie street
arc indeed gratifying, and wc trust that all portions
will imbibe the spirit, until Anderson shall become
noted for beauty nnd taste as she now is for public
spirit, energy and enterprise.
New Post Office.?A new Post Office has been
established in this District; called Stoney Point,
and W. B. Watsox appointed Post Master.
Towx Marshal.?A. M. Aybes was elected this
morning by the Council to serve as Town Marshal
for one year.
Muxicipal Election's.?The following is the re?
sult of recent municipal elections:
Greenville.?Intendant, C J. Elford. Wardens,
W. P. Price, J. W. Grady, R. D. Long, G. E. El?
Spartanburg.?Intendant, J. Earle Bomar. War?
dens, J. W. Maxwell, J. M. Boat, C. Thompson,
W. H. Trimmier.
Union.?Intendant, R. McBeth. Wardens, Wm.
Steen, R. A. McKnight, J. W. Gass, W. T. Thomp?
Hon. P. W. Pickcns, Minister to Russia,
will sail for the United States next month.
at hayme's oj.i) field".
On Thursday last we attended the review of the
Fourth Regiment, S. C. M. The day was most fa?
vorable and a larger number of spectators were in
attendance then we remember to have ever seen at
Haynie's before. The ranks were unusually full.
The regiment, under command of Col. C. S. Matti
sox, was reviewed by Brig. Gen. Easley. The
evolutions were performed in a most creditable
manner and elicited warm encomiums from Gen.
Easley at the close. He said that there was no
Regiment of the South Carolina militia within his
knowledge which excelled the " old Fourth "?a
compliment of which officers and men may well be
proud, ns i heir worthy General indulges in no idle
praise. We noticed with pleasure the presence of
the Gist Riflemen, Capt. Smitu, and the Anderson
Troop, Capt. Arnold. When the hollow square
was formed, the Cavalry made a gallant charge
upon the militia, who repelled it with their wonted
enthusiasm. During the melee, one of Capt. Ar?
nold's men was compelled to alight from his horse
in rather summary style, the girth of his saddle
I having broke, placing him in an awkward position
and in close proximity to the horse's feet. Fortu?
nately, he was unhurt, and rc-mounting without a
saddle, entered the charge again, determined to
lose none of the sport.
Before i;hc Regiment- went on parade, lion. J. D.
Asii.moiu: addressed his constituents in an hour's
speech gi"ing an account of his stewardship. He
briefly rehearsed the proceedings of Congress du?
ring the list session, pointed out the numerous ag?
gressive acts of the Black Republican parly, and de?
fended himself from certain imputation.' that had
been mad; upon his course outside of his Congres?
sional District. Upon the future policy of the South
he was terse and to tho point. lie regarded the elec?
tion of Lincoln as certain, and advised prepara?
tion for that event, in which he counselled resis?
tance, lie thought the discussion of separate se?
cession in that contingency as premature at this
time?in fact, was inclined to the opinion that
such issue never would arise, as he regarded Ala?
bama and Mississippi firmly pledged to the resis?
tance when a Black Republican is elevated to the
Chief Magistracy*?for those States to retract their
pledges a nl submit, would cover themselves with
shame and dishonor. This he believed they would
never do. Rut, while he went for co-operation?
the settle ! policy, in his judgment, of this State?
sooner thin sec slavery abolished, which would be
the result if we acquiesced in tin; Black Republi?
can policy, he would unfurl die banner of tlie Pal?
metto Slate and rally under its folds every man he
could?would make a last struggle, if need be, to
sustain that institution which was the life-blood
and heart of our social system. He regarded any?
thing, ev,;n revolution itself, preferable than giv?
ing up slavery after we have defended it so long
and knew its value so well.
The limited time allowed Col. Asiimokk to speak
was ihsiitnoicnt to do himself justice His speech
was received with hearty cheers by the large audi?
ence assembled to hear him. Thin was the first
regular speech we have heard the Col. make since
his ret lira from Washington, and it was gratifying
to find him occupying such high ground upon the
gront issues of the day. It has been common ol
late years to abuse Representatives, and especially
those of the upper Districts, for their "dangerous
proclivities " alter a sojourn at the Federal capital,
but none who heard Cul. Asiimokk on Thursday
could hare failed to observe that he had become
more thoroughly imbued with strong Southern sen?
timent. The people of Iiis Congressional District
heartily commend his course, and on the second
Monday in October (hey will attest their apprcoia
tUn n? but buhl. CmuAooa .in.l LntCADld lmiu'ini/ iln
ring his irst term in Congress.
The candidates for the Legislature were present
at Haynie's, but were not called upon to speak in
consequence of the late hour to which the exer?
cises were protracted; We presume that each one
was busy enough, however, in making a favorable
impression, and no doubt will have his reward
therefor nt the polls.
We left at an early hour, and witnessed no signs
of disorder up to that time. All seemed in perfect
good humor, and a few were excessively jolly,
while a small number were loo far gone for audible
utterance of their feelings. How long will it be
j before ?' i whole people on such occasions, when
met to discharge their duties as peaceful, orderly
citizens, will forsake the pernicious ami deadly
practice >f laving their patriotism (?) in strong
drink ' It is one of the strongest ami most unan?
swerable arguments that the opponents of our mili?
tia system have against it, that more cases go into
the Court of Sessions whose legitimate course is
traced lo the influence of whiskey-drinking at the
musters than from any other cause. This is deep?
ly to be regretted, and can only be remedied by
time, when the good and virtuous of each commu?
nity will stay the monster by unremitting war
upon the accursed habit.
at ckai?'s old hkliv
We wcirc present on Saturday for an hour or so
in attend nice upon the review of the Forty-Second
Regimen), commanded by Col. James Loxu. In
consequence of the lale hour at which we reached
the muster-ground, we failed to hear the speech of
Col. Asiihoiie, but learn that he occupied an hour
chiefly in the discussion of the same topics as on
The military exercises at Craig's, so far as we
could judge, were conducted with spirit and credit
to the Regiment. The crowd of spectators was not
large, ami the ranks of the militia seemed depleted, J
owing to various religious meetings in the District,
The evidence of intemperance was not wanting,
and several instances came under our observation
which called loudly for reform.
Being hurried away much sooner than expected,
we were debarred the pleasure of witnessing the
concluding exercises or mingling to any extent
with our fellow-citizens.
Gov. McWillie, or Mississippi.?It will be
gratifying to the numerous friends and old con?
stituents of our former highly esteemed and dis
lingushcd fellow-citizen, lion. William McWillie,
late Governor of Mississippi, lo learn of his arrival
in our town on Saturday last, with a part of his
family, all in (he enjoyment of good health. It
has been some eight years since we have enjoyed
a visit fron the Governor, and his present sojourn
at his old home is an epoch which, we have no
doubl, is most grateful to his own heart as well as
gratifying to his many old personal and political
friends. We have always admired and loved the
mau, fron: our earliest recollection, and his noble
and lofty character and patriotism have endeared
him to many, who will continue to cherish these
kindly sentiments, whilst
"Memory brings the light of other days."
Gov. McWillie is a staunch Southern Rights
anti-submission man, and, in his late message to
the Legislature of Mississippi, recommended in
the most unequivocal language, immediate resis?
tance, or accession, on the part of the Southern or
Cotton States, on the election of a Black Republi?
can Prcsit ent.
He is the guest at present of his son-in-law,
William M. Shannon, Esq.?Camden Journal.
For the Intelligencer.
Address at Barker's Creek.
Gextlemkx : Having observed the notice in jour
paper that our friend, Col. Warren D. Wilkes, at
the request of numerous citizens, would deliver an
address upon the important subject of Education
at Barker's Creek Church on last Saturday, wc
wended our way thither for the double purpose of
hearing the speech and mingling with the citizens
of that hospitable and intelligent community.
The exercises of the day were in progress on our
arrival. At 9 o'clock, wc understood, bcgaji the
examination of a Grammar School taught under
the Lamar system by Prof. Moore, of Geo. The
patrons of that gentleman appeared highly pleased,
and wc doubt not from what we heard that the
entire class acquitted themselves with credit. At
12 o'clock the examination was suspended, and a
recess given of one hour for dinner.
On re-assembling at the church, Col. Wilkes took
the stand i.nd addressed the audience for one hour
and three-quarters iu an eloquent, thoughtful and
impassioned style upon "Education, in its relation
to the Family, the Church and the State." He
discussed elaborately the position of the Teacher?
his high and solemn responsibilities; exposed the
groveling views so extensively entertained of his
mission by the masses, and how fatally these views
re-acted in the teacher in too many instances;
proved Ins mission a divine one, and pointed out
what his qualifications should be as a divine agent,
and what style of education is demanded by the
times. He then drew a glowing portrait of the
Preacher as a teacher, who, in his office, Was pre?
eminent and admitted of no rivalry; pointed out
the beautiful nnalogy between the offices of preacher
aud teacher. He then drew a touching picture of
the Failii?nnd Mother as teachers; the importance
of their enforcing, by precept and example, correct
principles, and illustrated by the light of history
the power of their instructions, and closed with a
stirring appeal to the young ladies und gentlemen
present to prepare themselves to act well their
parts in the drama of life.
We will not, Messrs. Editors, for fear of doing
him an injustice, attempt further synopsis of the
address of Col. W., which was received by the large
and respectable audience with rapt attention and
unflagging interest throughout, and caused a feel?
ing of regret among all when he closed. It has
never been our privilege to hear anything from the
lips of any man which was better adapted to the
place nnd circumstances, more truthfully eloquent
or elicited warmer encomiums than did Col. W's.
effort on this occasion.
Upon the conclusion of his address, the meeting
called K. N. Wright, Esq., to the chair, and W. C.
Xorris and James II. Emerson to act as Secretaries,
when a complimentary resolution was passed and
a committee appointed to request a copy tor publi?
cation. We are not aware that tho request will be
(??implied with, but trust that the author will yield
private considerations to the wishes of friends in
After the address, tho examination of the Gram?
mar class was resumed and concluded.
Tho day was happily spent, and none will treas?
ure its pleasing incidents with more grateful mem?
ories than your correspondent,
Antfrrxmi, September 17, 18?<>.
?ecgf Our associate and "political" editor is
absent. When last heard from, he was traveling
iu a southerly direction, dressed in a full suit ot
black aiuLthad pn a clean dickey. We trust that
lie will favor readers on his return with an account
i of his peregrinations!
.?. crnnrons ?i ii.m.vm*, tjsq.?this i11uc1i
respected, useful and honored citizen of our Dis?
trict, died at his residence four miles above this
place, on the 6th inst. He had been afflicted for a
long period with a dyspeptic affection, and under
it and the ?frailties of bis old age, he lingered for
many months before his constitution entirely yield?
ed to the disease and the feebleness of age. with
which he was afflicted. At the time of his death,
Esq. '.Viiliams was about scveuty-tliroo years old,
and during his long life, he had been a truly use?
ful man to his State and District. He was ener
_c ic and prompt in bu.-iucss, which the competen?
cy he leaves behind him to his family as the fruit
of his individual labors, attests. He was sent to
the Legislature from this District in 1828 and the
succeeding term of 18tS0, aud his worth, ability
ami exertions for the interests and benefit of the
District were again acknowledged by his being
sent back to tiic Legislature several times after
that period. He was honored with other positions
of trust by his fellow citizens, and in his death the
1? 'riet fools no inconsiderable loss, and the com?
munity, iu which he lived and was so highly es?
teemed, an irreparable one. One by one, wc sec
our older citizens of prominence aud acknowled?
ged worth gliding away, leaving their works be?
hind them to attest their usefulness.?Laurensrille
GKoncETuwx.?We have been informed by the
Captain of the Hille Guards that Mr. Plouden C.
J. Weston, lias ordered from England, a Whit
worth (inn, for the use of the Company. In May
last. Mr. Wcslon proposed to furnish this Gun, but
for the want of a suitable building for its protec?
tion, his generous offer was not immediately ac?
cepted. There are, however, at this time, sub?
scription lists in circulation, for the erection of a
Military Hall and Armory, to be used by the Vol?
unteer Companies of the District, and the offer of
Mr. Weston having been accepted, the Gun has
Wc congratulate the community that we have
so efficient a Corps to use this formidable weap?
on, and must be permitted to express the hope
that all our citizens, especially property holders,
will feel ajirivilcge, as well as a duty to contrib?
ute towanis the erection of a building in which
the Whitworth Gun, howitzers, and other arms
may be securely placed, for the protection of the
general interest.?ree Dee Times.
A Fatal Qr.vniiEL.?We understand that a diffi?
culty occurred at the muster ground, at Lyons', on
hist Saturday evening, between John Grumbles
and James C. Brown, which resulted in the death
of the former from a stick in the hands of the lat?
ter. It appears, from the Coroner's return, that
it was iatc in the day, and that the parlies were
drinking, and that Grumbles, when near Brown,
both having started home, was struck on the back
of his neck by Brown with a walking stick, which
had a buck-horn handle, which blow killed him,
having dislocated the neck. Brown is in jail to
await, his trial.?Laurcnsville Uerald.
New Judicial District.?We learn from the
Vorkvillc Enquirer that at a meeting of a portion
of the citizens of Spartanburg, Union and York
Districts, held at Limestone Springs on the 6th day
of September, to consider the propriety of peti?
tioning the ne:tt sitting of the Legislature for a
new Judicial District, to be taken off of the afore?
said Districts, a committee of two from each Dis?
trict was appointed to determine boundaries, and
to report at an adjourned meeting on the 27th
The Southern Declaration of Independence.
A writer in the Charleston Mercury in reply to
Maj. Perry, who asks if the South has sufficient
causes for disunion, answers as follows:
The history of our union with the Northern
States is a history of repeated injuries and usurpa?
tions, all having a direct object?the establishment
of an absolute tyranny over these States. To
prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid
They have overthrown the constitution which
binds us together, and constitutes the terms of our
union, by a total disregard of its limitations.
They maintain that the Congress of the United
States, uuder their control, is as omnipotent in its
legislation as the British Parliament claimed to be
over our ancestors.
By disregarding the sovereignty of the* States,
ar.J establishing the will of a majority in Congress
as the rightful authority in its legislation, they
liaTe set up over the South an odious, dangerous
and remorseless despotism.
They have rendered representations in Congress
of no avail to protect the interests of. the South,
and thu.i taxation without representation/ is practi?
cally enforced over us.
They have destroyed our foreign commerce by
the most unjust Navigation Laws, and the most un?
constitutional and iniquitous Tariff laws.
They have exacted taxes from us, not only to
support of the common government, but take their
property from the people of the SouOh und give it
to the people of the North.
They deny to us a common property m our ter?
ritories, acquired equally by our money and bjood,
on the ground that the -people of the South, with
their institutions, are not worthy to colonize them.
They have assailed, for more than thirty years,
the institution of African slavery in the South, and
have made our common Legislature of the Federal
Government, a grand instrument for incendiarism
They have compelled us io separate from them,
in ouv churches and other religious institutions.
They have passed laws in their State Legisla?
tures, nullifying the laws of Congress providing
for the recovery of fugitive sLavcs, although sol?
emnly adjudicated to be constitutional by the. Su?
preme Court of the United States.
They have organized associations to steal our
slaves and to prevent their recapture, and hare
murdered their masters seeking their rendition.
They have invaded our homes and killed our in?
offensive citizens to raise our slaves in insurrec?
tion against, their masters.
They openly declare their purpose to emanci?
pate our slaves by the power of the Federal Gov?
ernment, sind that they will put us to the sword if
And, to carry out these hostile and fiendish pur?
poses, they have organized a sectional party at the
North to take possession of the Federal Govern?
ment : and are burning our towns, aud striving,
by distributing arms and poison among our slaves,
to desolate the South by fire, insurrection and
In every stage of these oppressions, wc have
petitioned lor redress in the humblest terms. Our
repeated Volitions have been answered only by
repeated injury. A people whose character is
thus marked by every act which may define ty?
rants, arc aunt tu be the confederates of a freo
Nor have we been wanting in attention to out
Northern brethren. Wc have warned them, from
time to time, of attempts, by their legislation, to
extend unwarrantable jurisdiction over tis. We
have reminded them of the circumstances of our
emigration and settlement here. Wc have appeal?
ed to their nature, justice and magnanimity ; and
wc have conjured them by the ties of our common
kindred, to disavow their usurpations, which
would inevitably interrupt our connections and
correspondence. They, too, have been deaf to tho
voice of justice and consanguinity. We must,
therefore, acquiesce in the necessity which de?
nounces our separation ; aud hold them, as we
hold the rest of mankind, enemies in war. in peace
Arrivals at tlie Hotels
For week ending Sept. 15, 18G0.
AT THE BENSON HOUSE, BY C. C. LANGST?N,
J W Tradewell, Columbia; II C Hudgins, R M
Anderson, J C Calhorn?, II T Tusten, Williamston ;
Samuel Brown, jr, W S Smith, E Herring, Col C S
Mattison, W F Fant, W C Dickson, Jno Munro, W
1) Wilkes, Anderson; G C Hallman, Salisbury, N
C; David Benno and lady, D Keaslcr, Mr CaUionn,
J E Lewis, Pendleton; J W Bowie, G W Buddy,
Charleston.: U A Watts, Philadelphia; J Cohen,
New York; Gen G It Miller, L L Martin, M Israel,
J L McLaughlin, J T Jordan. Robert Fair, Esq.
Abbeville; Maj J C Miller, Mr Perry, Pickcns; Br
J P Watts, Laurens ; W C Cleveland, n Young
blood, H Bcattie, E Batson, Greenville; Maj E
Sciblcs, Edgeficld; M Criss, Baltimore; J W Smith,
Honea Path; J M Senn, Ncwbcrry; R M Owings,
Hamburg; Mr Bomar, Spartanburg.
AT THE ANDERSON HOTEL, S. H. LANGSTON.
Thos B Burriss, Three Mile House; G Guyton,
T Magill, Mike McGec, James A Hoyt, Anderson;
W Magill, Abbeville; Capt J S Acker, 3elton; H
R Yandivcr. Townville.
AT NINETY CENTS CASH,
AND ONE DOLLAR AND TEN CTS. CREDIT,
AT SHARPE & WATSON'S.
Sept. 18, 18'50 m ? tf
FIVE HUNDRED BUSHELS OF
Dried. Apples and Peaches,
By SLOAN & TOWERS,
For which they will cither give trade or cash.
Sept. 18, 18?fi 6 6fc
THE firm of OWEN & LANGSTON is this day
dissolved by mutual consent. The undersigned
will continue the Confectionary aud Fancy Goods
business at die same stand.
Sept. 18, 18G0. S. H. OWEN.
Cotton, Jeffers & Co.,
FACTORS AND COMMISSION
CHARLESTON, S. C.
THE undersigned will continue the FACTORAGE
and COMMISSION BUSINESS in this city. They
beg leave to return their thanks to their friends for
the liberal patronage extended to them, and to so?
licit its continuance.
Particular attention will be given to the sale of
COTTON, FLOUR, GRAIN, &c, and to aU busi?
ness entrusted to their care.
WADE S. COTHRAN,
HENRY L. JEFFERS,
WM. H. JEFFERS,
Charleston, Sept. 10, 1800 6?3m
Application will be made to the next Legislatur?
for an act to incorporate Shiloh (Baptist) Church
with the usual powers and privileges.
Aug. 21, I860 2