Newspaper Page Text
IIo?s.?"We hear the inquiry made ev?
ery day as to the probable number and
prico of hogs in this State the approach?
ing season, and from the best information
we are able to get, from those best posted
on the subject, we are led to believe there
will be less pork, and the prices higher,
than we have had for the last ten years.
This is owing to several causes: First, the
failure of our corn crop for several years
Secondly, the cholera has made such de?
struction among the hogs that farmers
aro discouraged from attempting to rai.se
them. Besides the discrimination against
our farmers, by the railroads in this coun?
try, in tho transportation of their pro?
visions, and breadstuff's, and in favor of
distant sections, all contribute to discour?
age the further raising of hogs for mar?
Our neighbors of Georgia, South Caro?
lina, and Alabama, who have heretofore
been dependent on this Stato for their
pork, must look out for some other mar?
ket the present season. If they have,
then, to go to the "West for their provis?
ions, would it not be well for them to take
into consideration the question, whether
or not it is their interest to aid in build?
ing the Railroad from this place direct to
Cincinuatti, by which one-half the freight
would be saved, and sure and speedy
transportation always secured with the
largest and best market in the Northwest.
If five of the principal roads in Georgia
would appropriate one-third of their net
earnings to aid in the construction of this
road for five years, they would be more
than repaid for the next five years in the
traffic over their roads, by the increase of
business this great feeder would bring
Travelling Items.?A correspondent
of the Laurensville Herald furnishes that
paper with the following notes :
On a recent visit to Anderson, I found
tho crops of corn and cotton far worse
than I expected. The whole line of the
-Laurcns Railroad presents but few fields
of good cotton and corn : and from New?
berry C H. to Anderson C. H.,and thence
to Andersonvillc on Seneca River, there
is not, I think, one good field of either.
It will certainly be a very scarce win?
ter and spring for food and money. The
cotton crop promises worse than the corn,
and the means of purchasing provisions
will thus be very limited.
t attended the meeting of the South
Carolina Presbytery at "Robert's Church,
or the care of the venerable and be?
loved Father Humphreys. It was the
largest meeting that has ever been held
of that bod}-?twenty-six Ministers and
thirty-eight Elders?sixty-four in all.
Dr. Turner is to be insjailed Pastor of
^t(hj^^ng Cane Church, first Sabbath in
October, and the Rev. J. R. Riley is to
be ordained and installed Pastor of the
Presbyterian Church in this place at a
meeting.of tho Presbytery on Thursday
before the fourth Sabbath in November
next. It will doubtless be a matter of
deep interest to our community. God
bless nnd prosper His church everywhere.
"Washington, Sept. 21.?Hon. "Wm. L.
Yanccy arrived hero to-day. An im?
mense and enthusiastic crowd, headed by
tho "Marino Band," serenaded him this
evening. In response to frequent calls,
Mr. Yanccy appeared and made a hand?
some reply. Ho spoko most eloquently,
and advocated disunion in tho event of
Lincoln's election. He said tho Union
waif in the hands of the Northern anti
Lincoinites, who could prevent disunion
by ar'fusion for Lincoln's defeat. Mr.
Yanccy concluded by saying that if tho
Northern sectional majority disregarded
tho checks and limitations of the Consti?
tution, Southern freemen would plant the
banner of equality upon the mountains of
Georgia, and entrench themselves in a
Southern Confederacy; but ho hoped
that a timely fusion would avert such dire
evils.?Special Dispatch to the Charleston
Death of an Old and Valued Citi?
zen.?"We have learned, with much re?
gret, of the death of Mr. Hugh "Wilson,
of Salem. His warning was brief?death
with him was literally but one step be?
yond life. At the going down of the sun
ho appeared to enjoy his usual health, but
ere the clock told the hour of tenons
spirit had fled from its tenement of clay.
Mr. "Wilson passed into the silence of the
tomb full of years, leaving behind him an
unsullied name, and a good tostimony
that ho has gone to the home of the right?
oous. ,Ho died on the evening of the 10th
inst., in his seventy-ninth year.?JSumter
Death of a Venerable Gentleman.
Col. Wm. A. L. Alston, died on Wacca
maw Beach, Sunday morning last, the
16th instant. The old oak, that has
bravely withstood the tempests of years,
falls at last and mingles with the dust.
Tho forms of rosy youth and venerable
age, sleep together. In the morning,
they shall awake. "The voice of the
archangel, and the trump of God!"?Pee
K. B. Boylston, Esq., Of Winnsboro, has
been elected Grand Sire of tho United
States of the I. 0. 0. F., by the Grand
Lodge of the United States, recently in
session at Nashville.
The Republican Wide Awake Associa?
tion of Detroit, Michigan, have a parade
regularly ovcry Sunday.
The steamship Thomas Swann, which
arrived at Charleston on Friday from Bal?
timore, brought as part of her cargo, 2,662
bushels of wheat.
The Unionville Press endorses the nom?
ination by one of its correspondents of the
Hon. W. P. Miles, for Governor; and the
Walhalla Banner suggests tho Hon. J.
Duncan Allen for the same office.
"Lalla Rookh," a quite celebrated fe?
male elephant attached to a "Western cir?
cus, died in Indiana.a few days ago. Her
disease was lung fever. Her character
was good, and she was called Jenny in.
An exchange paper says: <;It is one of
the horrible oddities of this world that if
a man strive to get on to a railway train
when it is motion, the train can't be stop?
ped for him so long as he remains alive or
uninjured; but then let him be killed or
wounded, and then the train is promptly
Mr. ?Shaw, the inventor of percussion
caps, died at Bordentown, N.J., last week,
j having attained the age of 86 years.?
; He was born in England.
Frailk Hughes, of New Haven, only
twclve years of age, has been sent to the
poor-house, on application of his father, for
being a common drunkard.
Ex-Gov. Wicklifte, of Kentucky, lost
his slave Bob in Cincinnati a few days
ago. The Governor was returning from
The Niagara Suspension Bridge has
been recently painted. The Niagara Sen?
tinel says it required for the operation
twenty tons of paint.
We see by our Western exchanges from
Missouri and the West that a large num?
ber of Kansas people are already fleeing
I from famine and winter. Long trains of
wagons, bearing the involuntary exiles
with their goods, can now daily be seen
passing through Lcavenworth on their
? way to Nebraska and Iowa.
Mrs. Margaret Allen died in Coopers
town, last week, after a few days sickn ess,
at the age of ninety-live. She had never
had a physician until her first and last
The friends of the Cokesbury Masonic
Female College will regret to learn that ils
President. Rev. B. Johnson, has resigned
the Presidency ofthat institution.
Tho editor of the Cincinnati (Ohio)
Times recently visited Solumaii Pangborn.
of Rising Sun, Indiana, who says he was
born in the city of New York, a small
town of five or six hundred houses, in
1752. He is consequently 132 years old.
The National Democrat, published at
Cassopolis, Michigan, says that there are
1200 negroes in that county, and every
negro in the county is a living sermon
Mr. Speaker Pennington has accepted a
re-nomination for election to Congress.
The committee arranging for the ball to
the Prince of Wales in New York, have
decided to select Miss Lane, the Presi?
dent's niece, for the honor of the first
dance with IL. R. H. They pay 84,500
for the Academy of Music one night.
Twelve thousand and twenty-one dol?
lars were subscribed in Newport in ind of
Garibaldi and his friends.
The arrivals at tho hotels in Saratoga
during the past season number 28,624, or
8,000 more titan in the year 1S59.
Mr. Clingman, of North Carolina, goes
agaiust Mi-. Douglas, because the latter
has declared that ho will assist, if Mr.
Lincoln should be elected, to enforce the
Constitution and laws of tho country,
by coercive measures.
Ho has been a friend of tho Judge, not
only personally but politically, and his
defection has therefore created a great
deal of surprise among the Douglas men.
It is stated that a man in Williamston,
Mass., has a large lot of bull-frogs fattened
for a foreign market. Some of them have
been fed for several years, and arc of enor?
mous size, weighing about fort}' pounds!
Although no premium is offered on this
stock, he intends to exhibit them at the
Hoosac Valley Fair.
The Lancaster Ledger contains a notice
that applicatien will be made at the next
session of the Legislature, for a charter
for a railroad to join to or extend the
South Carolina Railroad from Caraden via
Lancaster C. H., to some point on the
North Carolina line.
The late accounts from Vera Cruz state
that Miramon barely succeeded in reach?
ing the city of Mexico, having sustained a
succession of disastrous defeats. The cap?
ital is surrounded by twenty "housand
men, while the Church party could not
muster more than a tenth of that num?
At the Philadelphia United States Mint,
three million of gold dollars are now being
melted and re-coined into double eagles,
in pursuance of an order to that effect
from the Secretary of the Treasury.
Col. E. J. Steptoe, U. S. A., was para?
lyzed at his home in Lynchburg, Va., a
few days since, and he is now lying dan?
The address of the Agricultural Fair to
be held at Dundee, New York, is to be
delivered by Miss Susan B. Anthony.
Professor Lowe, backed by his friends,
has determined in a couple of weeks, to
make another effort to ascend from. Phila?
delphia in his groat air ship.
Sjjc ^nkrsoit Intelligencer.
TUESDAY AFTERNOON, SEPT. 25, 18?O.
J. C. C. FEATHEESTON and JAMES A. HOYT.
One copy one year, invariably in advance,.$1.00.
Advertisements inserted at moderate rates: liberal
deductions made to thoso who will advertise by the
Court Calendar for the Western Circuit.
Abbeville, September 15. Greenville, October 6.
Anderson, " 22. Spartanburg, ?? 1.3.
Pickcns, " 29.jLaurens, " 20.
SITTINGS OK CO?ET.
Abbeville, October 1.'Greenville. October 22.
Anderson, " 8. Spartanburg. " 29.
Pickens, " 15. Laurens, November 5.
The members of Jocasse Lodge, I. 0. 0. F.,
are requested to observe the call for an extra meet?
ing on Thursday evening.
Mr. John Bakeb, of Charleston, has recently
erected an Organ for the Episcopal congregation,
of his own manufacture. We have neither seen Or
heard it yet, and cannot venture an opinion.
Saturday was '-the last day of grace" with
many, who have been duly informed of the fact.
The return shows about 300 cases, which is rather
large for the season, and we should judge an indi?
cation of "tight times" with not a few.
The weather was unusually cool, night and mor?
ning, the latter part of the past week, and Friday
morning (wejicard it said) there was a slight frost.
The temperature has moderated since then, and we
now enjoy the bracing air of autumn, without the
uncomfortable presence of hoary Frost.
The Anderson Gazette.
Our neighbor appeared last week with new type,
new heading and increased size, ami the announce?
ment that its editor, .f. Petek Brown, Esq., had
purchased an interest in the establishment. We
congratulate tlie gentlemanly proprietors upon the
evidences of their prosperity, and wish a continued
reward for their labors.
The Beaufort Enterprise.
This is the title of a new gaper which has been
issued at Grahamvillc, in this State. The number
sent us is quite creditable in appearance, well filled
and gives evidence of the ability and tact necessary
to make a popular journal. It is owned and edited
by Mr. A. M. Speights, whom wo recognize as the
former conductor of the Waltcrboro Sun. We ex?
tend a welcome on his return to "first love," and
hope that success may attend film.
Laurensville Femalo College.
The catalogue of this institution is on otir table.
It represents the College as very flourishing, and
numbering 138 students. The course of instruc?
tion is -thorough, the teachers highly qualified, and
the College supplied with every appliance to secure
a good education. It is under the Presidency of
Rev. Dr. Bust, who is assisted by an able corps
The pamphlet bears the imprint of our friend,
James HoLLlXQSWORTH, nnd docs credit to his taste
and skill in the typographic art.
8ave your Votea.
In less than two weeks the voters of Anderson
will be called upon to elect those who are to serve
them in tho next Legislature, and also the individ?
ual who is to be their Tax Collectors. The two
elections coming on at the same time may give rise
to some misunderstanding, and as we desire every
one to have the opportunity of voting in both elec?
tions, wedee^ it necessary again to call public at?
tention to tlie fact that all who desire to vote for
both Representntivcts and Tax Collector must vole
on Mondny. Th?rc will be no vote allowed for
Tax Collector on Tuesday, nor will any ouc be al?
lowed to vote for Tax Collector on Monday and for
Representatives on Tuesday. Whenever you go to
the polls, no matter at what box. you must vote for
both Representatives and Tax Collector at the same
time, or else lose your vote for one or the other.
You cannot vote at diffcreut boxes or upon differ?
ent days. When you poll your vote, no matter for
whom or what office, and your name is registered,
you cannot again vote for any one.
Resources of the South.
No country possesses more elements of greatness
than the Southern shiveholding States. Embraced
within 14? ?f latitude uu?t OO" of longitude, cover?
ing an area of about six hundred and fifty thou?
sand square miles, with every variety of soil adap?
ted to tho production of every thing essential to
supply the wants of a people whose tastes have
not been pandered and corrupted by foreign deli?
cacies?"she is capable of becoming as independent
as any nation on earth. Cotton, her chief com?
modity, now atfords raiment to most of the civil
cd world. Its manufacture gives employment to
millions, both of Europe and America. Its non
production for one year would bring bankruptcy
and famine upon manufacturing communities. Let
English and American pseudo-philanthropists bear
in mind that Cctton is the fruit of African Slavery.
Without slavery, cotton would cease to be the I
ruling product of the world, and the African him?
self would be thrown back into his ptiitinc stale
of ignorance, superstition and barbarity.?with the
naked thousands of their mother country. Cotton
is not the only product of importance which is the
fruit of her soil. By agricultural skill, she is
capable of producing bread-stuffs sufficient to sup?
ply sextuple her present population; without in
nny degree lessening the production of cotton.
Neither is she wanting in mineral resources. Em?
bosomed in her soil iron, copper and the precious
metals abound. We ouly need the skill and energy
to make them subservient to our use. We are not
deficient in commercial advantages. With three
thousand miles of sea and gulf coast, and several
navigable rivers, and among them the Mississippi,
we have only to turn our attentiou in this direction
to become upon this element respectable in the
eyes of other nations. To become truly an inde?
pendent people, we have only to make use of the
means placed in our hands by the great author of
our being. Let us have our own manufactures of
every description, and be no longer dependent
upon old mother England, or our northern foes.
Let us show to them and the world that the South
is not wanting in skill and enterprise. If we can?
not be persuaded to take a step in this direction as
long as we remain in tlte Union, we should break
the chain that has enthralled our genius and trans?
mit to posterity some evidences of our enlight
ment and monuments of our skill. Slaves and
cotton arc important matters; but we should not
let them absorb our time and attention to the neg?
lect of ovcry thing else.
For the Intelligencer.
Anderson District Sunday School Convention.
Akdb&son C. II.. September 21, 1800.
The Anderson Sunday School Convention held
its regular semi-annual meeting in the Court House
this day, commencing at 11 o'clock, a. m. The
President, J. II Wliitner, Esq., took the chair ami
called the Conv;ntion to order. Prayer offoreil Oy?
the Rev. A. A. Morse.
The minutes of the hist *?en>i-annual meeting,
held on the 23d of March. lS?l), wore read by the
Secretary and (Confirmed by the Convention.
The Pr?sident announced that those present who
desired to become member.-! should enrol their
names: when upon, R. L. William?, James A.
Iloyt and J. G. Smith enrolled themselves as i
Delegates from the various Sabbath .Schoo!? wer?
then called for and appeared as follows:
Shadg Grovt.?J. M. Cox, H. L. Williams and J.
I lYcal's Creek.?I. M. Gecr.
Anderxon Prubytcrian.?A. V>. Towers/
Anderson Baptist.?Thos. Halb
Reports being called lor, the following were pre?
Mr. Tower: from the Anderson Presbyterian:
Mr. Hall fron Anderen Baptist ; .Mr. J. M. Cox
from Shady Grove; Mr. S. M. Goer, though no: a
regular delcgute, made a verbal report from Neal's
Creek; and n letter was read from 11. C. Telford,
Superintcnde.it of the Belton School, which was
received as information.
The report > represented about four hundred and
fifty scholars and upwards of seventy teachers, in
the various Schools.
The Missionary, Rev. W. T. Farrow, prescntel a
report of his labors in the cause as follows i
To the Anderson District Sunday Schooi Convention :
Since the first of March I have organized 33 new
schools, will. 1420 scholars and 21)3 teachers. I
have visited Z2 schools and strengthened them as
The expense of^llie work lias amounted to S875.
00; besides I have donated to needy schools and
poor children $02.00 worth of books. I have de?
livered 12S sermons and addresses.
The work has been laborious, the trials many,
I but the Lorl has been in his work. Something
near 300 of our Sunday School children have been
converted within the last three months, and very
many others are concerned about their soul's sul
I have, with but one or two exceptions, met with
the hearty co-operation of the ministers of ray
field: this ivill always in mre success. I have not
taken up any public collodion since March, think?
ing that the time would be better spent in pure
missionary work. I am now beginning lo ask per?
mission to take up collections for the cause, and
feel satisfied that if pastors favor it, I can raise a
sufficient amount to sustain our work.
The Secretary's book will show how much I have
received from him as Treasurer; besides, a gentle?
man in New Jersey lias sent mo S?O.OO to aid us
here in our missionary work.
W. T. FARROW.
In addition to this report, Mr. Farrow made a
statement of interesting facts connected with his
The report was received ami ordered to be re- i
corded with the minutes, and published with the
proceedings of this meeting.
In accordance with a resolution adopted at the J
previous meeting, a collection was made fur the j
benefit of the missionary, when $1.35 was received.
Col. W. S. Pickeus, from the Wesley Chapel
School, tiicn appeared and took his scat as a mem?
ber of the Convention. He reported that this
school had been organized since the last meeting,
and was in a flourishing condition.
On motion, it was
Remlred, Thai an extra meeting of this Conven?
tion hi held on Friday the 30th of November, und
that all I he Schools in the District bo urgently re?
quested lo send reports and delegates.
On Diction, the Anderson intelligencer and Gaseite
wore requested io publish theso proceeilings.
After prayer, the Convention adjourned to.meet
on Friday the 30ih day of November.
J. II. WillTXEu. Fr.Mi.l -nt.
John A. H.inn:so.v. Secretary.
/'?</? ,hr Intelligencer.
on Ttir: patriots o? ,lSdO.
In all I he different stages of our country's pro?
gress, we have ev.T been blc-sed, or cursed with
patriots. When the times were such as to "try
men's soul's," wo have always found those who
would, at the risk of all they held dear, step for?
ward and rescue her from every peril by which site
was surrounded, and uphold the emblem of her
greatness to the gaze of an admiring world. These
men hi.vc ever been a blessing to our race and oar
laii.i ?*?<! ttx.ii memories win Lie RoTQ among us in
everlasting remembrance. So, too, in "piping
times of peace," we have had our patriots, who
could lalk longer, boast louder, and tell more of
the dangers of our country than ever was heard of
before, while they were very certain not to be
found where and when real patriotism was wanted.
These men have been the curse of the uge, and
will be for nges to come, while we allow them so
prominent a place as they have occupied for some
years past. Their patriotism always looked to the
spoils of office, and when this was not found, they
too wore gone the way of all ofliec-scckcrs, up Salt
During all the years of our govermcntal existence
both sets of these patriots have been among us, yet
both never operated at the same time until now;
when a struggle is going on betwecu them, and
time alone must determine who will win the race.
The :ielf-constitu.ed patriot is doing all he can to
destroy the glorious fabric of government under
which we have grown up to be the greatest, the
frecft and happiest nation that the sun of Heaven
ever shone upon, and if not cheeked in his career,
he v ill effect his object. Why is this ? Merely
becnusc one government does not furnish offices
sufficient to employ all the talent that is abroad in
our land. They want the amount doubled and
then they possibly can come in. Now what is the
propped of their success ? Care not whether, as
some think, our government is mentioned in scrip?
ture or not, I am perfectly satisfied that the good
Gou of Heaven had a definite purpose in aiding to
establish our nationality, and if so, does any one
'suppose for a moment, that He i9 going to allow it
to be struck down by the puny arm of man? Nev?
er, never, never. Polilicians may scheme, bad [
men may manoeuvre, and fanatics may preach all j
ists and isms that were ever taught them by tho
devil and all his host, but the purposes of high, j
holy Heaven will be fulfiled. Aye, the sons of J
those who fought and bled to establish the instilu- j
tions of our country, will be found in sufficient
numbers to place the star spangled banner in every
vole, upon every hill top, and rally beneath its ;
foils the real patriots of eighteen hundred and six
ty, who will place the government ou a more se- !
cu -e basis than it has ever yet been. Some com- :
motion may take place before this will be effected, :
and a change of political tactics will have to be j
made, yet I have an abiding fnith that it will b? \
accomplished. Then the genuine patriots of our
day will be called upon to act, to the overruling of
the spirit of maniacism that has so long been dom?
inant in the land.
We have paid too little attention to our public
men. The drunkard, the gambler, the debauchee
have been elevated to-seats of houor and high pub?
lic trust, until the man who possessed a proper de?
gree of Bclf-respecc would hesitate, and in many
instances, refuse to be a candidate for any public
office. This has all got to be altered. The
seats now occupied by such men will be tilled
by those who can be relied on. by men of integrity
and worth. If this be not so. then I must conclude
thai our sins as a nation have become so Hagraiil
in the face of the great Killer oi worlds, that lie
will allow us to founder the rocks that aro
yet ahead of us. A few years, a: most, will deter
mine the question. *
For the ln;> llijt < ?
The Lamar System of English Grammar, i
.Vcssrs. Editors: Incompliance with the prom
isc made in our last article, we proceed to no... .
the Rules given by Mr. Lauiar to show when to
u.;e the Verb in the tenses which he has rejected.
We find these on page 1S:J?1, classed under the J
head of "Observations," and which are as fol?
Tor the present?perfect (perfect) tense he ob?
serves; "To express what took place in pas:
time, witii some reference to the present, use the
present tcnac and perfect participle: as, I have
written/' For the past-pcrfcel (pluperfect) tense:'
"To express what took place in past time, at or
before some other specified past time, use the past
tense and perfect participle: as, I had written be?
fore the stage left." For the future perfect (second*
future) tente: "To express what will take place
at or before some future time specified, use the fu
lure tense and perfect participle: as, I shall have
written before the stage leaves."
Now we ask every Grammarian if these Rules
can be practically applied according to their obvi?
ous meaning, without making nonsense? Does
not every one know who is competent to distin?
guish one of the absolute tenses from another, <hut
write, wrote and shall write, arc the forms "re?
spectively of the present, past and future tenses of
the verb used in his examples? Suppose, for in?
stance, that farmer A. wishes "to express" to his
neighbor, farmer B., some of the kinds of work
which he has performed this year, and says, in
accordance with the plain signification of Mr.
Lnmur's "Obtervations,"' I plough, ploughed, I hoe,
hoed. etc. Ao;aiu: Suppose he wishes "to ex?
press" some of the kinds of work hj did last year,
and says. I ploughed, ploughed, 1 Itotd, hoed, etc.
Now, docs not every one sec that this would be
the very quintessence of nonsense? yet in strict
accordance with Mr. Lainar's philosophical, no
mood, three tense, " common sense " Grammar.
Rut, retorts the whole corps of the no mood, three
t'-nsc school of superficial smattcrcrs and self
| constituted "professors,"' "Sir, you misapprehend
Mr. Lamar'u meaning. He means that you must
use have or some of its modifications before the
: participle of every verb, whatever the action may
i be which you wish to express." Yes, sirs, but Iiis
j Rules do not say so : they tell us "to use the
present tense and perfect participle, the past
I tense and perfect participle, and tho future tense
I and perfect participle." And consequently had
I he meant what he says, and had followed his own
j Rules. Iiis examples would have been : I write,
written?I wrote, written?I shall write, written.
But as Mr. Lamar. in giving these Rules, said
l one thing and meant another, we will notice u few
J moments his meaning?the application of his
It will be perceived, we presume, that in the
application of his three "Observations," he teach?
es the erroneous, absurd doctrine, thai every com?
plete verb in the language has two distinct forms
to represent or show its three absolute tenses;
that "have," "hud," and ''shall have," are the
present, the past, and the future icnse of every
verb. Hence it is, thai lie teaches that every verb
has two disliuct, dissimilar forms to show its
three absolute louses ; th.it one of these forms has
a definite, and the other an indefinite significa?
tion: thai one of these tum? has a meaning, and
j the other nu meaning; and thai by one of these
I forms, an action, state or being cm b-; predicated
of any subject, while by rl? other no action, state
or being can be predicated of a subject, bccit? ?<?
in the unconnected, isolated manner in triuch h
uses it, i: has no meaning, and, therefore, cauiiof
possibly be a verb, participle, adjective, or any
other pan of speech.
Now we intend to prove by a no less dignified
personage than P. F. Lamar himself, that the
j compound ionns of the verb commonly called the
perfect, the pluperfect, and ike second future
j tense, und which be says are not tenses, arc, not
j withstanding his assertion to the contrary, true,
On pugc 83 of his "Practical Grammar,'' he
j gives the following definition of the office of the
Verb: A Verb is a word which expresses the ac
-tion, being, or state of its subject. This, bear in
mind, is the office of a Verb. Any word which
performs this office is a Verb: for the performing
of this office is what constitutes it u Verb?is
what infuses into it verbal vitality; and conse?
quent, it it does not perform this office, it is im
iinpossible for it to be a Verb.
On page 40, he gives the following definition of
the present tense of the Verb: "The present
tense cxpi-ongcs what is now taking place, as, lie
The present, tense also expresses what LaS been
going on in a period of time reaching to the pres?
ent moment, as, He has written to-day.
Now, we ask, if this is admitting that the pres?
ent grand division of time has two tenses, a present
and a perfect; one which expresses an action,
which is going on at the time the speaker declares
it ; and the other which expresses an action, which
has been going on in the period of time, in which,
the speaker declares it.
Now let us take his definition of the Verb, and
also his second definition of its present tense,
'and sec to what kind of conclusion they will con?
duct us?let us see if he does not contradict him?
self?his own definitions both of the office of the
Verb and its preseut tense, in parsing his exam?
ples. " lie has written."
In parsing this sentence, he says, " has is a
Verb in the present tense, because it shows the
time is present, and " written " a perfect participle
shows the action itself is past.
Now we ask, is :.ot this at least an indirect ad?
mission, that it takes both "has" and "written"
to answer his definition of the Verb and its present
tense. "The present tense also expresses what
has been going on, etc." Does " has " alone ex?
press what has been going on?" Certainly not.
Does not every one see a fiat contradiction in this?
Does not-every one kny, that " has" does not ex?
press the action predicted, or affirmed of the sub?
ject in this sentence ? Mr. Lamar himself does not
claim that it does; for he tells us that "written"
a participle shows the action itself is past?that is,
that "written" expresses the action. Hence he
locates tho tonae upon the participle instead of the
Verb. But as we kuow, as be says himself, that
it is tbe Verb and not the participle which has
tense, it at once becomes evident that "has" and
"written'' should tw "disposed of," or parsed as
one single word,' for neither by itself will answer
Iiis definition of the Verb, Let Us try analyzing
one of his model sentences, according to his defi
tions: "He has written." It is a simple sen?
tence, because it contains but one proposition.
Hi is the subject, because it is that of which the
action "has" is affirmed, lias is the predicate,
because it is the action affirmed of "he:" Written
is the attribute, and "has" is the copula; or per
h:ips he may deny that "written" is affirmed of tho
subject, and contend that it is a modifier of the
subject instead of an attribute. But, then, ho
would make the principal word in the sentence,
the very word that tells what the subject hf?r
lloue, a subordinate clement, equivalent in office to'
fjec fvo : and when he mates' k the? attribute
?'?.!? - am', calls it a participle, it amounts
no tiling. Hence he is in a dilemma, ei
>ru of which if he takes, it will gore him.
. is it noi proof amounting to a demonstration,
. . .; "written" is declared of the subject, and is
, he only word in the sentence that expresses ac?
tion, and it is therefore an attributive Verb, and
cannot possibly be anything but a Verb, and
should be so considered, both in analyzing and
But for still further proof, let us notice the*
predicate, "has," the action affirmed of the sub?
ject. Now, we cannot for our life sec that "has"
expresses any action of tl^ersubject. But ourraen
tal blindness might perhaps be removed!, if we had
an "interpreter" to initiate us into the -'funtiitf
mental principles" of this philosophical, no mood^
three tense, common sense Grammar. More anon*.
AxdbbsoS, September 25, 1860.
COTTON.?The sales lor the week ending this
day amount to 120 bales, at prices ranging from 10
to lOj- cents. There was a decline, however, this,
moruing, and we quote the highest figures as we
go to press at DA or 10 c. A strictly fair articlo
would commaud the latter price.
LIST OF CONSIGNEES AT ANDERSON DEPOT
For the week ending Sept. 22, 1800.
A B Towers, Blcckley & Craytons, S Brown, Jr,
L T Arnold, TV R Hamlin, R Adger, J B E Sloan
& Co, England & Bewley, W A Hayne, J S Lortoa
& Co, A S MeClinton, A S Stephens & Co, Smith k
Ifovey, J Gasaway, Sloan, Sullivan & Co, John M
t'artlow, EBB Sloan, R Munro, W N Craig, A L
Donomie, J D Adger, Smith & Clark, W H D Gail
lard, M M Norton, Moores & Major, J S Murray,
Jones & Seaborne, S V Gentry, J W Crawford, 0
H P Fant, T Fvins. Leavell & White, D J Jordan,
E W Brown, S E Maxwell, Benson & Justice, P A.
Wilhite. B F Sloan, sr, Owen & L, U ? Wiley. L C
Craig, A 0 Norris. E V Dotten, J T Home, J B
Smith, G Seaborne.
0. H. P. FANT, Agent.
Airi'ivalss tit tlic Hotels
Fur week ending S.~pt. 15, I860.
AT THE BENSON HOUSE, BY C. C. LANGSTON.
Elam Sharpe, J C Brown, R Ncal, Pickens; B D
Dean, K W Byrum. Thos Magill, Col II Hammond,
G Guyton, D IV Humphreys. R Smith, U N Wright,
John McPhail, Col C S Mattison, Anderson Dist;
J C Bronson, B C Bronson, A C Black, Jno Ayrcs,
Kentucky; A C Criss, R T Holland, Baltimore A
I T Anderson, New York : R T Fleming. I.aureus;
N P Crawford, Caniesville, Geo; John Cunning?
ham, Savannah River: John Baker and lady, S J
McFall, CJairlestou; G A Swygert, W W Green, I>
F Reed, Ira Sawyer, G & C R R; A Montgomery,
Newbcrry: E F Raworth, lady and family, Colum?
bia; Israel Charles and lady, R A Harris, Rev S S
Gaillard, Greenville; Col T J Pickens, Pcndleton;
Dr Turner, M Israel, Abbeville; Rev W T Farrow,
Spartanburg; James Nabora, Newton Acker, Cal
houn; Rev L DuL'rc, Darlington; A J Burch, Hi
wassie, Geo: W A Hiiiiard, Hart Co, Geo.
AT THE ANDERSON HOTEL, S. II. LANGSTON.
John G Higginbottam, Geo; S J McFaU, Char?
leston; Allen Turner, Geo; S J Hammond, M M
Goode, Benj Smith, F Clinkscales, Thomas Magill,
Anderson ; B G Rolison, Honea Path ; James
O'Coiinell, Suneho, Pcndleton.
JOGASSE LODGE, No. 18, L 0. of 0. F.
JK??* The members of this Lodge are notified
that an extra meeting will be held on THURSDAY
EVENING NEXT, September 27tb, at 7? o'clock,
for the transaction of important business. A full
attendance of members is required.
By order of the N. G.
F. C. vox BORSTEL, Sec. pro torn.
Sept. 25, 1860 7 It
This Company will hold its first monthly
meeting at the Female College building, (near the
Presbyterian Church,) on SATURDAY EVENING,
the 7th of October next, at early candle-light. .
All members of the Company arc requested to bo
S. BLECKLEY, Sec. and Treas.
Scpi. 25, 1860 7 2t
Cothran, Jeffers & Co.,
FACTORS AND COMMISSION
\ THE undersigned will continue the FACTORAGE?
i and COMMISSION BUSINESS in this city. They
beg leave to return their thanks to their friends for
the liberal patronage extended to them, and to so?
licit its continuance.
Particular attention will be given to the sale of
COTTON, FLOUR, GRAIN, &c, and to all busi?
ness entrusted to their care.
WADE S. COTHRAN,
HENRY L. JEFFERS,
WM. H. JEFFERS.
Charleston, Sept. 10, I860 5?8m
AT KINIiTY CENTS CASH,
AND ONE DOLLAR AND TEN CT& ck??:t;
AT SHARPE & WATSON'S.
Sept. 18, 1860 6 tf
FIVE HUNDRED BUSHELS OF
Dried Apples and Peaches,
By SLOAN & TOWERS,
For which they will either give trade or cash.
Sept. 18, 186fi ? 6 6t
' THE firm of OWEN & LANGSTON is. this day
dissolved by mutual consent. Tho undersigned
will continue the Confectionary and Fancy Goods
business at the same stand.
Sept. 18, 1860. S, H, owhr-.