Newspaper Page Text
Tho annexed extracts comprise that por?
tion of Gov. Gist's annual message touch?
ing upon Federal affairs:
In obedience to the Resolutions passed
by the General Assembly of this State at
the last regular Session, expressing the
opinion that the slavoholding States should
immediately meet together to concert
measures for united action, and instruct?
ing the Governor to appoint a Commis?
sioner to Virginia, "to express to the au?
thorities of that State the cordial sympa?
thy of the people of South Carolina with
the people of Virginia, and their earnest
desire to unite with them in measures of
common defeuce," and also to transmit to
all the Southern States an invitation to
meet in Convention, to consult and mature
measures for the safety and security of
the South and their institutions, I imme?
diately appointed to that ollice the Hon.
C. G.'Memminger, the mover of the Res?
olutions, a gentleman not only of a high
character and literary attainments, but
who was generally regarded as the expo?
nent of the opinions of the conservative
portion of the people of this State. It
' was thought desirable to send a Commis?
sioner who would not only have the abili?
ty to explain our position, and place us
in a proper light before the Legislature
and people of-Virginia, but who would.by
his antecedents, convinced them that our
great aim and object in asking for a con?
ference with our Southern sisters, was not
to plan a dissolution of the Union, but to
save it, if possible, by insisting on satis?
factory guarantees from the North, that
we were in future to bo unmolested in our
persons and property, acknowledged as
equals in carrying our slaves to any ter?
ritory belonging to the United States.and
having protection by the Federal Govern?
ment against any attempt* to interfere in
any way with this property. Mr. Mcm
minger was kindly received, hospitably
entertained, and listened to with much at?
tention, but his masterly and unanswera?
ble argument before the Legislature and
people of Virginia failed to convince them
of the necessity of concerted action on the
part of tho Southern States in Convention.
The State of Virginia thought proper to
decline the proposed conference of the
Southern States, as will be seen by the
resolutions of her General Assembly, here?
with transmitted, and only Mississippi
and Alabama, of all the slaveholding
States, acceded to the proposal.
No such meeting of the States has tak?
en place, as it was thought tho number
agreeing to meet was too small to effect
the desired object, by producing that mor?
al effect which would unquestionably have
resulted from a general meeting of the
States interested. One of the Resolutions
adopted by Virginia in response to tho in?
vitation of South Carolina and "Mississippi
to meet in conference, expresses the opin?
ion that '-Virginia does not yet distrust
the capacity of tho Southern States, by a
wise aud firm, exercise of their reserved
powers, to protect the rights and liberties
of the people, aud to preserve the Federal
Union," and for this purpose she desires
tho " concurrent action of the Southern
States; but she adds "that efficient co-op?
eration will be more safely obtained by
such direct Legislative action of the sever?
al States as may be necessary and proper,
than through the agency of an assemblage
which can exercise no legitimate power
except to dobate and advise."
Thus we see that although Virginia had
strong hopes at that time of preserving the
Federal Union, she was unwilling to re?
sort to any other way of effecting the ob?
ject than by the separate action of each
State, which- would have the effect of pro?
ducing the concurrent action of all the
States interested. If, therefore, Virginia
is right as to the best mode of redressing
wrongs and obtaining the concum it ac?
tion of other States, it follows that the
separate action of each is the best method
ofgetting co-operation or concerted action
of the other States in any movement, and
it would therefore be wise in South Caro?
lina, in imitation of Virginia, to decline a
representation in "any assemblage which
can exercise no legitimate power except
to debate and advise;" and in no assem?
blage whatever until by the ordinance of
her Convention she, has seceded from a
Union she once acceded to, and which
has proved a curse instead of a blcss
The effort of South Carolina to assemble
the Southern States, it* the hope that the
? "North might be induced to pause and re?
trace their steps, by an earnest and unan?
imous protest against tho course pursued
by them, and a notification that unless a
change of policy took place, the South
would be compelled to take the redress of
her grievances in her own hands, failed
on account of the refusal of Virginia to
join in the movement; although her bor?
ders had been recently invaded, and her
citizens murdered in cold blood by a band
of abolitionists, instigated to the deed by
the teachings of men of controlling influ?
ence ,in the North. All hope, therefore*
of concerted action by a Southern Con?
vention being lost, there is but one course
left for South Carolina to pursue, consis?
tently with her honor, interest and safety,
and that is. to look neither to the right
nor the left, but go straight forward to the
consummation of her purpose.
It is too late now to receive propositions
for a conference; and the State would be
Wanting in self-respect, after having de?
liberately decided on her couree, to enter?
tain any proposition looking to a continu?
ance in the present Union. We can o-et
no better or safer guarantee than the pres?
ent Constitution, and that has proved im?
potent to protect us against the fanaticism
of the North. The institution of slavery
must bo under the exclusive control of
those directly interested in its preserva?
tion, and not left to the mercy of those
that believe it to be their duty to destroy
The tone of the Northern press has
greatly changed since the unanimous and
determined action of South Carolina.
Heretofore, it was supposed by our ene?
mies that we were divided and distracted
at home, and that, in consequence of our
divisions, the scenes of 1851 would be re
enacted, and the State would finally ac?
quiesce in Black Republican rule, or at
best, that something less than secession
. would be adopted, and our energies ex?
hausted in fruitless expedients and una?
vailing threats. Now that the unwelcome
conviction forces itself upon them that "we !
have counted the cost, and find nothing
so intolerable as voluntary slavery," and
that we are not to be deterred from the j
assertion and maintenance of our rights
by the threats of Federal bayonets, cr the
unmeaning and senseless display of Wide
Awake processions, formidable only to
the capitalists and conservatives of their
own section, they begin to change their
tone, and appeal to us. rather as suppliants
than as conquerors, to save a Union from
which they have reaped a rich harvest of
profit and honor, and the South has only
known bv its exactions.
They have been deaf to the voice of
reason and consanguinity- they have dis?
regarded the counsels of their wisest and
best citizens. Their Neros, in the persons
of Seward, Stunner, and others, have been
fiddling while the Constitution has been
trampled underfoot, and a higher law in?
augurated in its stead; in accordance with
their treasonable advice and teaching,and
by the crowning act of electing a Black
Republican President to carry out their
long cherished designs against the peace
and prosperity of the South, they have
declared open war against us.
What course, then, is left for the South?
ern States to pursue for the maintenance
of their rights and the security of their
property, but a separation from such open
and undisguised enemies, and the estab?
lishment of a Southern Confederacy, with
every element of greatness and every
means of defence necessary to protect
them from any enemy and command the
respect and admiration of the world ?
It is gratifying to know that in the con?
templated movement South Carolina has
6trong assurances that she will not stand
alone; that if the lone star we must have,
it will be but for a short season, when
star after star will be added, and the
Southern banner " present to the heavens
the bright constellation that adorns it."
There is no reasonable doubt but that
Georgia. Alabama. Mississippi, Texas, and
Arkansas will immediately follow, and
that the other Southern Stales will event?
ually complete the galaxy: It was not
to be expected that they would move be?
fore South Carolina; not on account
of any want of patriotism and deter?
mination to resis aggression and in?
sult, not because they are less inform?
ed of their rights, or less prepared
to defend them; but on account of the
national parties, so lately striving for
victory in the Presidential canvass; in
which contest there would naturally arise
distrust and jealousy of each other, and a
scramble fbr the ascendancy. Now that
the Presidential election is over, and an
enemy of their section is chosen to rule
over them, we find all parties becoming
united against the common enemy, and
prepared to forget thcirpnst divisions.and
unite in defence of their altars and fire?
There is no longer any jealousy on the
part of other resistance States toward
South Carolina; on the contrary,they all
urge her by every consideration of duty
and patriotism to lead the van in this no?
ble struggle for our violated rights.?
What, a sublime moral spectacle is pre?
sented to the world by our beloved State;
small in territory, with a comparatively
sparse population, and without much mili?
tary training, yet relying upon the jus?
tice of her cause and the approving smile
of Heaven, she is first among the foremost
to sever her connection with the Federal
Government,and to accept the consequen?
ces that may follow her decision. 1 will
not enter into an elaborate argument to
prove the right of a State peaceably to
secede from the Union. It will not be
controverted that each State entered the
Union as a State, and not as an unorgan?
ized mass of individuals, and that the ac?
tion of each State was independent of the
others, and if any proof of this fact be
wanting, it may bo found in the action of
North Carolina, which State did not en?
ter the Union until more than a year af?
ter it was formed by the admission of nine
States, which number was required by the
Convention that adopted the present Con?
stitution of the United States.
It is true that no provision is made in
the Constitution for dissolving the Union,
and it is very probable that the patriots
who framed the instrument had no idea
that a loathsome fanaticism, pandered to
Northern politicians, would ever make it
necessary for the safety of the South, that
they should dissolve the compact on ac?
count of its violation by the other section
of t he Confederacy, but it must be remem?
bered as a rule of universal application,
that a violation of a compact or agree?
ment by one party releases the other par?
ty from its "binding obligation, and the
only question is, who is to judge of the
infraction. From the very nature of the
case, in a compact with sovereigns, there
can be no umpire, unless one is provided
by the instrument itself, and in the lan?
guage of Mr. Jefferson, " each State must
judge of the infraction and the mode and
measure of redress." A compact between
sovereign States, with the understanding
that the majority should put their con?
struction upon its provisions, would not
bo worth the "paper upon which it was
written. Majorities need no protection,
for they can protect themselves, but mi?
norities insist upon constitutions to re?
strain the majority, and to allow it to put
its construction upon the compact, is
equivalent to giving them the absolute
power to govern the minority irrespec?
tive of any restraints.
The simple statement of the ease is
this: each State entered the Union under
the Constitution; the Federal Govern?
ment is the agent of the States, -created
for the special purposes-, and circumscri?
bed in its action by the articles of agree?
ment, or in other words, the Constitution.
"Whenever the States having the power to
control this agent, permit or command
him to violate the compact, each State,
not having surrendered its sovereignty,
has a right to remonstrate or withdraw,
as she may think proper, and no earthly
power has the right to prevent her:
It is urged by some, as an argument
against secession, that the existing Gov?
ernment would be destroyed by (I State
seceding; that the revenue laws would
become inoperative, and the wheels of
Government stand still. My answer is
this^ that in the exercise of an undoubted
right, and being forced to exercise it by
the party that is likely to suffer, it cannot
complain of the consequences of its own
acts. If South Carolina secede, the Gov?
ernment will be in no worse condition, ex?
cept for a very short time, than it wonid |
have been if South Carolina had never en-1
tered the Union, which is acknowledged,
on all hands, she was not bound to do.
The idea that a majority mnst alwnvs
govern, which has taken possession of tho
Northern mind, is as mischievous as it is
fallacious, and is contradicted by all the
analogies of a Republican government.?
If a mere majority is to govern, why
have two houses of Congress?a Senate
and IIouso of Representatives? Why
givc the President the veto power??
Why submit the action of all three to a
judicial tribunal? Why require juries to
be unanimous in giving their verdict?
The conclusion is irresistible that it is for
protection of minorities and the safety of
the citizen. I may be asked if a minority
should govern. My answer is, No: but
they should be able, by constitutional re?
strictions, to restrain the majority from
acts of injustice and oppression. In the
copartnerships formed by individuals, the
majority is not permitted to construe the
articles of agreement to the injury of the
minority, but in this case there is a dis?
interested tribunal to decide the question.
In a compact between States, from the
nature of the case, there can be no tribu?
nal to decide violations of it, aud the rem?
edy must be a dissolution of the agree?
ment, without any right on the part of
the majority of the States to prevent the
withdrawal of any of the parties, other?
wise might would make right, and a com?
pact be an unmeaning and worthless piece
It follows from the views presented,
that the Federal Government cannot
rightfully use force to prevent a State
from seceding or force her back into the
Union; but, in the language of the late
Judge Harper. 1; Men having arms in their
hands may use them;" and I cannot too
earnestly urge upon you the importance
of arming the State at tho earliest prac?
ticable period, and thus be prepared for
the worst. It is gratifying to know that
if we must resort to arms in defence of
our rights, and a blow should be struck at
South Carolina, before tho other States
move up in line, we have the tender of
volunteers from all the Southern and
some of the Northern States, to repair
promptly to our standard and share our
In urging the State to arm.it is not to
be understood that we are defenceless; by
examining (he report of the Adjutant and
will see that we have sufficient arms to
supply the number of soldiers that will
probably be necessary for some time to
come, and many of our arms are of the
most approved patterns; but no one can
tell what a day may bring forth, and it is
a wise precaution to prepare in time. I can?
not permit myself to believe that in the
madness of passion an attempt will bo
made by the present or next Administra?
tion to coerce South Carolina, after seces?
sion, by refusing to surrender' to her the
harbor defences, or by interfering with
her imports or exports : but if I am mis?
taken in this, we must accept the issue,
and meet it as becomes men and freemen,
who in all the calmness of determined res?
olution, infinitely prefer annihilation to
We cannot penetrate the dark future; it
may bo filled - with ashes, tears and blood."
but Jet us go toward in the discharge
6four duty, with an unwavering trust in
Cod and a consciousness that anything is
preferable to dishonor and degradation.
WM. il. CIST.
fflje Siibrrson Intelligencer.
THURSDAY MORNING, DECK. C, 18?O.
JAMES A. HOYT, Editok.
One copy one year, invariably in uilvauce,.$1.00.
Advertisements inserted at moderate rates; liberal
deductions made to those who will advertise by the
Will observe llic order for parade on next Satur?
day afternoon, at liulf-past two o'clock.
Nearly all the Hanks of this State have suspond
cl s; o;ic payment, anl th? othc. s will doublets fol?
low in a short time.
i Monday morning this region was visited by the
I second snow* of the season. It fell to the depth of
I an inch or two, but was immediately followed by
j rain, which caused a sudden disappearance of the
j pure etherial visitor.
The Govornor'a Messago.
Wc give to-day the concluding portion of Gov.
Gist's late Message to the Legislature, wherein he
discusses Federal politics. As this document will
interest nearly every reader, wc reluctantly forego
the pleasure of giving the entire Message, which is
certainly one of the cblest papers from the Execu?
tive chair for several years.
This distinguished citizen of Tennessee, who was
in Anderson a few weeks since, randc a stirring and
patriotic speech in Columbia on last Thursday
evening. The Hall of the House of Representatives
was granted for the purpose, and was filled to
overllowing with ladies and gentlemen who desired
to hear the eloquent Tcuncsscan. Wc wish that
his State was as fully up to the mark of resistance
as the gentleman himself. It would secede from
this Union in the least possible rime.
The Anderson Gazette,
Of yesterday, contained the valedictory of John
Putkii Br.ow.v, Esq., who has retired from the con?
trol of that journal. Wc part with him frum the
editorial ranks, and as a neighbor, with unfeigned
regret, as tho intercourse between us has been of
a most amicable und pleasant character.. He lias
our best wishes for crowning success and prosperi?
ty in his profession of the I>i>w, bo which he will
now devote all his energies and ability. His suc?
cessor i? the Gazette 1ms-not. yet been, installed, but
the paper is left for the present with ona who will
give unremitting attention.
Anderson Troop of Cavalry
This spirited corps holds ai> election this day for
officers. The members arc fully awake to the stern
duties that await, in all probability, flu: Palmetto
boys, and they arc determined to seek an honora?
ble position in the great future of our beloved
State. They remember- the-prestige of their corps,
which was organized and* equipped, we believe, in
'32, and prepared then to resist the aggressions of
the Federal Government. Now, incase U. S. troops
invade their native soil, they will promptly march
to assist in quelling the marauders. Success to
the Troop?their gallant bearing and unconquera?
ble spirit would win unfading laurels on any field ! 1
Death of a Respected Citizen.
It is with feelings of sincere sadness that we an?
nounce the demise of an esteemed and useful citi?
zen of t.'iis village, Capt. AncuiDALD Todd, who
breathed his last on Sunday evening, in the 50th
year of Iiis age. His illness was of but few days'
duration, having been struck down with apoplexy
on Wednesday, 28th ult.
Capt. Tood was one of the original founders of
the Anderson Gazette, wilh which puper he was
connected for several years. For the last few
years, he has occupied the po?ition of Mail Agent
on the G. & C. lt. R. In all relations he has sus?
tained td society, and this community especially,
he has been highly esteemed, and ever rcgared as
an upright, worthy and respected man. He was
an exemplary member of the Presbyterian Church
for more than thirty years. His loss is keenly fcl1
by the numerous family and endeared relatives and
friends he leaves behind.
The remains of Capt. Tonu were deposited in the
Presbyterian churchyard on Tuesday,'by the Odd
Fellows and Sons of Temperance, both of which
Orders recognized him as a worthy member. In
the language of tlie text, from which the funeral
discourse was preached, wc may be impressed by
this dispensation of Providence with the sacred
truth, that man "conicth forth like a flower, and is
cut down ; he fleeth also as a shadow, and continu?
The Mass Meeting.
Notwithstanding tlie inclement weather, there
was at least three or four hundred staunch,reliable
and intelligent citizens of the District assembled in
the Court House on Monday last, in response to
the call made through our columus last week.
Speeches were- delivered by Messrs. Simpson,
Wii.kks, MavLUIX, Ouu, Rbed and WiiiTXKR, can?
didates for the Convention, iu the order named.
Croat enthusiasm and unanimity prevailed, and
the resistance feeling was distinct nnd decided.
The people flocked in from all sides of the District,
and though the day was exceedingly cold and dis
agrcealle, we found them generally warm for se?
cession, prompt and forever. Our friends in the
middle and lower sections of the State may re.-t as?
sured thai this region is overwhelmingly for resis?
tance, and that by South Carolina taking the lead
in forming a Southern Confederacy, and severing
at once her ties with Ibis Union. This is no bom?
bast nor vain calculation, but a deliberate convic?
tion on our mind after close observation. The
people linvr been informed?I hey are ripe for the
work, and this day they will decide, with the ut?
most good feeling and strong determination, that
they never will submit to sectional, abolition rule.
Tho Slabtown Volunteers.
At tic meeting held at Greenwood, in this Dis?
trict, on last Thursday.(which receives appropriate
notice from an esteemed friend and correspondent,)
a company of minute men or volunteers was form?
ed, numbering on that day fifty-seven: A meeting
of the corps was held on Saturday, wc learn, and
j with cheering results. Oilier names were added,
? >.;titil now the roll numbers upwards of seventy
I men. with Haltering prospect of a further increase.
The company, on Saturday, elected officers, order?
ed the uniforms, and organized tinder the name
which heads this article. This indicates work in
earnest, and testifies strongly for the energy, spirit
and patriotism of (hat section. We wave our hat,
and shout, "Huzza! for the Slabtown boys!"' When
the day for action conic;, they will be formed in
the van for t lie defence of our homes and firesides.
We have been kindly furnished with the list of of?
ficers, as follows :
JAMES LONG, Captain.
T. II. KcssEi.t., 1st Lieutenant.
\V. A. Casox, 2d "
W. V. MctMKt.v, Ensign.
Dr. 'J. VY. Raule, Surgeon.
We received through the mail, a few days since,
an elegantly embellished car.!, which bore the im?
press (<f emanating from the hands of a fair Caro?
linian. The card contained a representation of
! the Palmetto Tree, a blue rosette and gjlt button,
and lone star. Also, the words, "An echo from the
Mountains," and the first portion of our State mot?
to. An'mis opilmsquc parati. ? In the right hand
The unknown donor will accept our wannest
thanks for this evidence of esteem; and if meant
as an endorsement of our humble services in the
glorious cause of deliverance from the thraldom,
oppression and insult of n tyrannical sectional ma?
jority, words fail in indicate the deep emotions thai
agitate us at the expression of such commendation.
Should this, our adopted State, need the services
i of her ?ons and call upon them to defend her, none
will rally beneath the Palmetto folds with quicker
tread than the writer; and carrying with him the
anonymous souvenir, he may well cxe'.aiu;, Dux
Tho Cosmopolitan Art Association.
Wc publish the advertisement of the above nsso
' ciation, nnd would call general attention to the
advantages therein offered to the public-. For sev?
eral years wc have beer? familiar with their work?
ings, h.ikI can confidently recommend the Art As?
sociation to aJl lovers and admirers of the beaut ifui
in modern art. The magnificent engraving which
is furnished to subscribers is the most perfect yet
presented, in our judgment. Its subject is from
the celebrated painting by Sehrodtcr, the great
D?sseldorf painter, and is pronounced to be the
best Fitlftaff delineation ever placed on canvass.
This work has- Imicu reproduced, after three years'
labor, jy an eminent engraver. The picture can
be seen by calling ou Maj. BoasTEL, of this place,
who is Honorary Secretary for the Association,
and who will take pleasure in forwarding subscrip?
We have one, also, in our sanctum, which has
been handsomely framed by Mr. G. P. ToLLV, of
this village, on whom wc would advise subscribers
for the picture to call, if they desire neat, elegant
frames at a moderate cost.
For any further particulars regarding the Cos?
mopolitan Art Association, we would refer the
reader to the advertisement headed "Seven-l'cars,'
in another ctdumn.
The Grand Division, S. of T., of South Carolina,
held its fourteenth annual session'last week in Co?
lumbia. The meeting was numerously attended
and hi.rnrnnious. The followingiofficors- were elec?
ted and installed:
F. P. Warlcy, G. W. P.; J. W. Owen.?, G. W. A.;
W. D. Cook, G. Scribe; G. S. Bower, G. Treasurer;'
G. W. King, G. Conductor; A. DeLora, 0. Sentinel:
Rev. L. A. Johnson, G. Chaplain ; P. G. W. P, W.
We heartily congratulate our friend and brother
of the Darlington Southerner upon'his elevation to
the first office in our beloved order, and, would give
him the right flg?? in Love, Purity and Fidelity.
The meetings of the Grand Division for the en?
suing year will be held at Sumter in April, Feas
tervillc iu July, and Columbia in November.
Cockades are now worn in the streets of St. Jo?
The Anderson Military and Classical Academy.
The students of this popular institution de
clii.inied before a large audience of ladies and gen?
tlemen, in the Court House, on Friday evening
las t. Their subjects were well chosen, adapted to
the occasion, and a few of them original and ap?
propriate to the times. The young gentlemen are
evidently progressing with rapid strides in the art
At the close of the regular programme of speech?
es by the students, j. C. C. Featiikuston, Esq.,
who had been invited to address the "Association
of Cadets,'' was iuiroduccd to the audience. Mr.
F. then proceeded to deliver an eloquent, chaste
and elaborate address suitable to the occasion, and
which met warm commendation from all quarters.
We congratulate our former confrere upon this suc?
When Mr. F. concluded his nddress, repeated
calls were made for Copt. Adams and Mr. Press
let, the associate teachers of the Academy. They
both responded in filling language, and offered sea?
sonable advice and counsel to those who had been
under their discipline and instruction during the
past year. The remarks of Mr. P. were indeed
fooling and impressive, and especially so when he
breathed a touching farewell to (he students, his
connection with the institution having ceased with
the day's exercises.
Tho military corps, we forgot to say, paraded in
the afternoon, Capt. Adams commanding. They
performed various difficult evolutions from liar
dec's tactics, and were greatly admired by the nu?
merous bright faces which surrounded the square
upon their appearance. Success to i he gallant
Captain and his spirited corps of student-soldiers !
-- - -
For the Jntclligencer.
The Mass Meeting at Greenwood.
Mr. Editor : Owing to the inclemency of the
weather, there was not as large an attendance as
might have been reasonably expected under more
favorable circumstances. Several hundred citi?
zens, including some of the oldest and most relia?
ble of the country, turned out and evinced a de?
termination and unanimity of purpose which musi
have been gratifying to the lrjurt of every patriot.
The meeting was opened with prayer by Ihc Key.
Mr. Maulden, after which able addresses were de?
livered by our candidates for i lie .State Convention
successively. All the candidates avowed them?
selves in favor of the prompt secession of South
Caroliua from the Federal Union, and some of
lhem reviewed with convincing effect tlie chances
of co-operation on the part of our s;sicr Southern
States. lieo:-giu, Alabama, Mississippi and gal?
lant Florida, will undoubtedly rally to the side of
the Palmetto Slate, followed in quick succession
by Louisiana, Alabama and Texas. The glorious
old Commonwealth of Virginia would never per?
mit a Federal soldier to cross her territory for the
subjugation of a seceding Southern Slate, and
with the other border slave States, would consti
tutca wall of fire for the protection of the South?
ern Confederacy. North Carolina and Tennessee
were linked to us by ten thousand tics, and would
unquestionably cast their lot with us, cither for
weal or woe.
After the candidates for the State Convention
had all spoken, CoL Willccs was called for and re?
sponded in a few pointed, pithy remarks. His
witty allusion to the oner! azl man in comparing
him to the boy who wanted to know "who struck
daddy," and who threatened how terribly he
would fight if the blow was repeated, brought
down the audience in uproarious applause.
The crowning speech of the day was a short one
from a gallant young TenticsseeShi, Mr. Sims.
During the holly contested Presidential struggle
laxl summer in his own Slate between Bell and
BrcckJnridgc, Mr. Sims had occupied a prominent
position as one of (he Bell Electors, and when it
was announced that the audience was to be favor?
ed with a response from the great Slate of Tennes?
see in reference to her probable co-opcnition with
the other Southern Slates in their struggle for in?
dependence, all manifested ihc deepest iuicrc3t.
And as Mr. S. proceeded in his pointed, thrilling
appeal to the South, the people were carried to ihc
highest pitch of enthusiasm. When he concluded
by a beautiful peroration to the lair daughters of
Carolina, the applause was loud and long.
It is but just to say that the introduction and
welcome to the able array of speakers who were
present, by Mr. D. 11. llusscll, elicited many com?
mendations for its appropriateness, beauty and
One or two incidents and we close. During the
delivery of Judge Whitncr's speech, (which, by
the-bye, was one of his best,) in alluding to the
gloom which had hitherto enveloped the Southern
miud, but which was now being rapidly dispelled
by the glorious light of a Soul hern Confederacy
beaming upon our vision, it was remarkable that
the natural sun, which had been for the most part
obscured during the day, about that time shone
forth in n calm1, mellow, benignant light.
Tho Rag. which had been gotten up for the occa?
sion by some spirited gent fernen in the neighbor?
hood, was admired by everybody. In the centre
was a large Palmetto tree, with a huge rattlesnake
twined;around it in an attitude of defence, with
the significant moito, "?semper parattu" (always
ready) inscribed upon its folds. On the right of
the Palmetto was the lone star, surrounded with
seven other stars, representing in all the eight
After the speaking had' been- conduced, a call
was made for Minute Men, when a rush was made
for the stand, and grey-headed fathers and the
younger men all pressing forwi.rJ to have their
names enrolled. One old man as he directed his
name to be enrolled, said he was 7(i years old, but
ho was still ready and willing lo rally to the de?
fence of his country. Upwards of fifty names
were enrolled, and we hope soon to be fully or?
ganized. S?ay to the other portions of our Dis?
trict?say to the middie Districts?say to our
brethren ou> the.seaboard, that no where in all of
gallant Carolina will there be found any truer,
braver soldiers than under the mountains of the
Many of the fairest of tile fair graced the occa?
sion, and lent their charms to the holy cause of
The thanks of the community are justly due to
the Hand of Music for their spirit stirring strains-.
The following resolutions were proposed by
Maj. T. II. McCann, and uuaniaiously adopted by
Resolved, That the principles of the Black Re?
publican'party are utterly subversive of the rights
and.domestic peace-of the entire Southern coun?
try-and that we cannot submit to the inaugura?
tion- of Abram Lincoln as President over this
Resolved, That having entire confidence in the
wisdom and patriotism of the State Convention,
[ soon to assemble in Columbia, for the purpose of
preserving untarnished the honor and interests of
South Carolina, we pledge our lives, our fortunes
and our sacred honor to- fche maintenance of the
action of that body.
Resolved, Thar inasmuch as our Legislature at
its extra session provided for the relief of the
Ranks, in case of suspension, wc would recom?
mend to them the propriety of availing themselves
of said pftivision, and thereby affording some re?
lief to the monetary pressure of the country.
' A VOICE FROM SLABTOWN.
Tribute of Respect.
At a meeting of Jocasse Lodge, No. 18,1.0. 0. F.,
held on the 4th ins't., the following Preamble and
Resolutions were unanimously adopted :
Whereas, In the dispensation of an All-wise
God, this Lodge is called upon to mourn the death
of an useful and beloved Odd Fellow?one whose
walk through life adorned the cherished principles
of our Order, and in whose demise wc sustain an
irreparable loss. Therefore
Resolved, That in the death of Bro. Archibald
Todd, this Lodge is deprived of an honored and
Resolved, That this Lodge tenders its sincere
sympathies to the family of our deceased Brother,
in their deep affliction.
Resolved, That a copy of this Preamble and
Resolutions be transcribed in our Minute Book,,
and a page therein be dedicated to the memory of
our late Brother.
Resolved, That we wear the usual badge of"
mourning for thirty days as a token of respect to*
Resolved, That this Preamble and Resolutions'
be published in.the District papers.
IL B. ARNOLD, N. G.
James A. Hoyt, Secretary.
Tribute of Respect.
At a regular meeting of Anderson Division, No<
20, S. of T., held on Tuesday evening, 4th inst., tho
following Preamble and Resolutions were adopted
WHEREAS', In the unsearchable wisdom of Al?
mighty God, Brother Archibald Todd, a member"
of this Division, has been called from the scene of
his can lily labors ; And Whereas, it is becoming
in mankind to bow reverently and submissively to
ihe decrees of Providence. Be it therefore
Resolved, That in the death of Bro. Todd this
Division has lost a. useful and beloved member,.,
and one whose life accorded with the principles of
Resolved, That, with feelings of sincere condo?
lence, this Division tenders its sympathies to the
bereaved family of our late Brother, in this hour
of heavy affliction.
Resolved, That a blank page in the Recording
Scribe's book be dedicated to his memory, and that
the members of this Division wear thcusual badge
of mourning for thirty days.
Resolved, That this Preamble and Resolution be
published in the newspapers of this District, and
that a copy be sent to the family of the deceased.
JAMES A. HOVT, W. P.
J. C. C. Fkathkkston, R. S. . ,"
For the Intelligencer.
Mr. Editor : Did it ever occur to your mind that
there was a great many kinds of Christians in this
world of ours? 1 mean by the term Christian*,
the members of the ditfercnt Christian Churches.
In using the term primarily, there would be but
one class of pcrsous designated, but in these days
of improvement, all who belong to a church are
denominated Christians, and n ay be numerously
classified. In making the classification, wc shall
endeaver to be guided by facts as they now exist
in almost every community. Proceeding, then,
to make our sub divisions, we shall first take jp
the self-righteous Christian. iij has joined the
Church because ho thought it was respectable, and!
because thereby he might quiet his conscience to
some extent, fie knows that he has never experi?
enced the pardoning love of God shed abroad in
his heart, but then he hopes that through an ex?
ceeding stretch of God's mercy, the prayers of the
Church, and his obedience thus far, to get. to Heav?
en. Inside of the Church, he is all humility?ex?
tols the grace that has enabled him to triumph?
makes much show of his contributions for charity
and the support of the Gospel,'And feels perfectly
satisfied with keeping up the appearance of a.
Christian. Outside of the Church, he is supercil
lious to his fellow men?cheats* them if he can in
all his dealings, and says by his conduct generally,
that "I am holier than thou, stand thou there."
No man is more attentive to his religious duties,
none more rigid in all that pertains to the Church,
and perhaps I may with propriety add, that none
are more reckless of their Christian character in
Our next character hf the wicked Christian. Tm?
terms may appear anomalous, but as they exist,
we may as well make up our minds to use them*
This character has joined the Church that he may
be enabled to carry on his depredations against so?
ciety with more certainty of success, and is in no
wise altered from what he was before, only that h?
has become a more consummate villain ; and if not?
found out and exposed, will make an exemplary
Christian until his object is attained, when he bo
conies ten times more the child of the devil than
I.c wa3 at first, as though he would make up to his
satanic majesty for lost time while belonging to tho
Church. Hoping that there are but few such, wo
forbear to comment further.
Our next subject is the complaccn? CTutistWoBV
He bus joined the Church because ho thought it
his duty?he takes good car* of the preachers and
their horses?keeps open house generally for his
brethren?contributes freely to all the calls of
charity or dnty?never meddles with-Church mat?
ters?is excessively good nutnred, and feels per?
fectly at peace with all the world "and the rest of
mankind." 'If any trouble springs up in the
Church of which he is a member, he feels very
sorry, but somebody else must attend to it; hs
hopes they will settle it amicably, but as 'tis none
of his business, he will wash his hands of it, and
supposes that he has done all that a good Chris?
tian should do. This brings us to the timid Chris?
He has mustered sufficient courage to giro his
I name to the Church, but having no ideas of what
are the duties of a Christian, he ne?er does any?
thing more for fear he will do wrong, and passes
through life, sustaining merely a negative charac?
ter, both as1 a rr.on and a Christian ; doing little or
no harm to others, and but little or no good for
himself. May God be merciful to the timid Chris?
Then' comes the lazy Christian. It took a great
deal of excitement to get him into the Church, and
once thero, he never for a moment supposes that
there is anything else to do; he never goes to
Churoh because he does, not feel very well?never
artends class or prayer meetings?never goes to
Sabbadfc School, and would be too lazy to breathe
could he find a machine to perform that operation
for him. Whenever obliged to do something to
sustain the character he has assumed, it comes
like pulling teeth, makes wry faces, and gets rid
of the job as soon as possible. The greatest hard?
ship he meets with in this world is in trying to.>
sustain the character of a Christian.
But of all the Christians that wesDcet with, may
the good Lord deliver me from toe-dirty Christian..
He is nuisance to his family, a, nuisance to society,
a nuisaucc to the Church, and a. nuisance wherev?
er he goes. He is a disgrace to himself, a bur?
lesque upon mankind, and a stench in the sight of
Heaven. May kind Heaven- deliver me from con?
tact with the dirty Christian.
Of all the characters that attempt to ap'e tho
Christian, that of the stingy Christian makes out
the worst. In all Church gatherings he is fore?
most in talk, most conspicuous in Church trials,,
ahead of everybody withjlis advice, bat when:
money is.wanted, he giv*s hin-purse .Btrings an ex?
tra puty1" and in a loud voice, hierzu God for a.
free Gospel. As old father George Houston once,
said, "God bless your poor stingy soul"
But amid all the caricatures of Christian chaa*