OCR Interpretation

The Anderson intelligencer. (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, January 10, 1861, Image 1

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% Mmnbtnt Immral-Motti k %Ma, ptrahi, $tfos, glarals, Agriculture, Stielt? anb $rt,
If delayed six months, ?1.50 ; and $2.00
at the end of the year.
Advertisements inserted at moderate rates; liberal
deductions made to those who will advertise by tho
ran Jonimcnfs.
The Report
The following is the report of the Com?
mittee on Slavcholding States, as adopted
by the Convention on Monday last:
The Committee on " Relations with the
Slavcholding States of North America,"
beg leave to report that the}' have care?
fully considered the three several proposi?
tions contained in the resolution referred
to them, which were submitted iu Con?
vention by three several members from
St. Phillip's and St. Michael's. All the
resolutions referred to the Committee look
to the purpose of confederate relations
with our sister States of the South, hav?
ing' common interests with us, and every
cause, as wo trust', to indulge towards us
common sympathies and to contract cor
dial relation*. In such a purpose the
Committee entirely and unanimously, con
cur, and they recommend that evciy
proper measure be adopted to accomplish
such an end. Upon this subject so much
unanimity prevails and has long prevailed
in this State, that an argument thereupon
would be wholly superfluous. All seem to
agree that the first step proper to be ta
ken for the purpose of promoting and se?
curing the Confederation we seek, is the
appointment of Commissioners by the
authority of this Convention, to such
States of the South as may call Conven
tiohs to consider and determine their fu?
ture political relations.
Tho Committee advise that such stops
be taken by this Convention, hoping and
believing that our sister States of the
South will correctly intepret our action
in taking the initiative as arising, by no
means, from any presumptuous arrogance,
but from the advance position which cir?
cumstances have given to this State, in the
line of procedure for the great design of
maintaining the rights, the security and
the very existence of the slavcholding
It has been a subject of anxious consid?
eration with the Committee whether the
Commissioners, whose appointment they
recommend, should bo instructed to ten?
der any basis of a temporary or Provi
tuonal Government.
Tne instrument called the Constitution
of tho United States of America has been
suggested as a suitable and proper basis
to be offered for a Provisional Govern
This suggestion has been commended
to the Committee by various considera?
tions, which cannot now be set forth in
full or at large. Among these arc :
That tho said instrument was the work
of minds of tho first order in strength
and accomplishment.
That it was most carefully constructed
by comprehensive views and careful ex
amination of detail*.
That experience iias proved it to be a
good form of government for those sulli
ciently virtuous, intelligent and patriotic
to cause it to he fairly and honestly con
strued and impartially administered.
That tho settled opinion of this State
has never been adverse to that plan of
government of Confederated States on
account of anything in its structure; but
the dissatisfaction is attributable to the
false glosses, and dangerous nnsinterpre
tation and perversion of sundry of its
provisions, even to the extent, in one par?
ticular, of so covering up the real purposes
of certain legislation (meant to protect
domestic manufactures in one section,) as
to estop the Supreme Court in its opinion,
from judicially perceiving the real design.
That it presents a complete scheme of
confederation, capable of being speedily
put into operation, familiar, by long ac?
quaintance with its provisions and their
true import to tho people of the South,
many of whom are believed to cherish a
decree of veneration for it, and would feel
safe under it, when in their own hands for
interpretation and administration, es2>eci
ally as the portions that have been, by
permission, made potent for mischief and
oppression in the hands of adverse and
inimical interests have received a settled
construction by the South. That a speedy
Confederation by the South is desirable
in the highest degree, which it is supposed
must be temporary at first (if accom?
plished as soon as it should be.) no better
basis than the Constitution of the United
States is likely tobe suggested or adopted
for temporary purposes.
That the opinions of those to whom it
is designed to offer it would be concilia?
ted by the testimony the very act itself
would cany, that South Carolina meant
to seek no selfish advantage, nor to in?
dulge the least spirit of dictation.
That such form of government is more
or less known in Europe, and, if adopted,
would indicate abroad that the seceding
Southern States had the foresight and en
ergy to put into operation forthwith a,
scheme of government and administration
competent to produce a prompt organiza?
tion for internal necessities, and a suffi?
cient protection of foreign commerce di?
rected hither, as well as to guarantee for?
eign powers in tho confidence that a new
Confederacy had immediately arisen, quite
adequate to supersede all the evils, inter?
nal and external, of a partial or total in?
That its speedy adoption would work
happily as a revivifying agency in mat?
ters financial and commercial between the
States adopting it and between them as a
united power and foreign commercial na?
tions, and at the same time would com?
bine without delay a power-touching
purse and sword that might bring to a
prudent issue the reflections of those who
may perchance be contemplating an inva?
sion or to an issue disastrous to them?
the attempted execution of such unholy
Such are some of the considerations
very rapidly stated, which address them?
selves to this subject. It is contended
that some limitation of the power to lev}*
duties, and that to regulate commerce
(and perhaps other provisions of the said
Constitution,) may be desirable and are
in fact so, to some of the Committee* yet
these modifications ma}* be safely left to
a period when the articles of a permanent
Government may bo settled, and that
meantime the Constitution referred to
will serve the purpose of a temporary
Confederation, which the Committee unite
in believing ought to be sought, through
all proper measures, most earnestly.
It is also submitted, that if the tender
of the said Constitution, even as a Pro?
visional Government, should, in the opin?
ion of the Convention, lie accompanied
by a condition that it be subject to speci?
fic limitations, expositions of ambiguities,
or modifications, the Com mil tee would re?
spectfully refer to the Convention itself
such matters; and this is done not he
cause the Commit-too would not willingly
consider and report upon such subject,
but because they deem it due to the Con?
vention and the public interest that they
should now lay before the Convention the
substantial propositions contained in the
following resolutions, which the majority
of the Committee recommend to the Con?
vention as fit to be adopted, viz :
Resolved, 1st. That this Convention do
appoint a Commissioner to proceed to
each of the slavcholding States that may
assemble in Convention, for the. purpose
of laying our Ordinance of Secession be?
fore the same, and respectfully inviting
their co-operation in the formation with
us of a Southern Confederacy.
2d. That our Commissioners aforesaid
be further authorized to submit, on our
part, the Federal Constitution as the basis
of a Provisional Government for such
States as shall have withdrawn their con?
nection with the Government of tho Unit?
ed States of America; Provided, That the
said Provisional Government, and the
tenures of all officers and appointments
arising under it,shall cease and determine
in two years from the first day of July
next, or when a Permanent Government
shall have been organized.
3d. That the said Commissioners be au?
thorized, to invite the seceding States to
meet in Convention, at such time and
place as may be agreed upon, for the pur?
pose of forming and putting in motion
such Provisional Government, and so that
the said Provisional Government shall be
organized and cointo effect at the earliest
period previous to the 4th day of March,
1861, and that the same Convention of se?
ceding States shall provide forthwith to
consider and propose a constitution and
plan for a permanent Government for such
States, which proposed plan shall be re?
ferred back to the several State Conven?
tions for their adoption or rejection.
4th. That eight Deputies shall be elect?
ed by ballot by this Convention, who shall
be authorized to meet in Convention such
Deputies as maybe appointed by the oth?
er slavcholding States who may secede
from the Federal Union, for the purpose
of carrying into effect the forgoing resolu?
tions; and that it be recommended to the
said States that each State be entitled to
one vote in the said Convention upon
therein; and that each State send as many
Deputies as arc equal in number to the
number of Senators and Representatives
to which it was entitled in the Congress
of the United States.
At a Convention of the people of
South Carolina, begun and holden at Co?
lumbia, on the seventeenth day of Decem?
ber, in the year of our Lord 1SG0, and
thence continued by adjournment to
Charleston, and there by divers adjourn?
ments to the 26th day of December, in the
same year.
An Ordinance to make Provisional Arrange?
ments for the continuance 0} Commercial
- Facilities in South Carolina.
"Whereas, it is due to our late confeder?
ates in the political Union known as the
United States of America, as also to the
citizens of South Carolina, engaged in
commerce,that no abrupt or sudden change
be made in the rate of duties uponimports
into this State; and whereas it is not de?
sired by this State to secure any advant?
age in trade to her own ports, above those
of any of the slavcholding States, her late
confederates in the said Union; and,where?
as, this Ordinance, for the considerations
indicated, is designed to be provisional
merely. Therefore, we, the people of
South Carolina, in Convention assembled,
de declare and ordain, and it is hereby
declared aud ordained :
1st. That all citizens of this State, who,
at the date of the Ordinance of Secession,
were holding office connected with the
Customs under the General Government
of the United States within the limits of
South Carolina, be, and they arc hereby,
appointed to hold, under the Government
of this State?exclusive of any further
connection whatever with the Federal
Government of the United States?the
same offices they now fill, until otherwise
directed, and to rocieve the same pay and
emoluments for their services. That un?
til this Convention, or the General Assem?
bly^ shall otherwise provide, the Governor
shall appoint to all vacancies which may
occur in such offices.
3d. That until otherwise provided by
this Convention,or the General Assembly,
the revenue, collection and navigation
laws of the United States, so far as they
may he applicable, he, and they arc here?
by, adopted and made the laws of this
State, saving that no duties shall be col?
lected upon imports from the States form?
ing the late Federal Union, known as the
United States of America, nor upon the
tonnage of vessels owned in whole or in
part by the citizens of the said Stales ;
and saving and excepting the Act of Con?
gress, adopted the third day of March,
1857, entitled "Au Act authorizing the
deposit of papers of foreign vessels with
Hie Consuls of their respective nations."
which said Act is hereby declared to be
of no force with the limits of this State.
4th. That all vessels built in South Car?
olina, or elsewhere, and owned to the
amount of one-third by a citizen or citi?
zens of South Carolina, or of any of the
Slavcholding Commonwealths of North
America, and commanded by a citizen
thereof, and no other shall be registered
as vessels of South Carolina, under the
authority of the Collector and naval offi?
5th. That all the official acts of the offi?
cers aforesaid, in which it is usual and
proper to sot forth the authority under
which they act, or the style of documents
issued by them, or any of them, shall be
in the name of the State of South Caroli?
6th. That ii 11 moneys hereafter collected
by any of the officers aforesaid shall, after
deducting the sums necessary for the com?
pensation of officers and other expenses,
be paid into the Treasury of the State of
South Carolina, for the use of the said
State, subject to the order of this Conven?
tion, or the General Assembly
7th. That the officers aforesaid shall re?
tain in their hands ail the property of the
United States in their possession, custody
or control, subject to the disposal of this
State, who will account for tho same up?
on a final settlement with the Government
of the United States.
J)onc at Charleston, the 20th day of De?
cember, in the year of our Lord, 1SG0.
D. F. JAMISON, President.
Attest?B. P. Arthur, Clerk.
An Ordinance Concerning Powers lately vest?
ed in the Congress of the United States.
We, the people of the State of
South Carolina,in Convention assembled,
do declare and ordain, and it is hereby de?
clared and ordained, That all powers
which by this State were heretofore dele?
gated to the Congress of the UnitodStates,
shall be vested in the General Assembly,
except that during the existence of this
Convention, tho powers of the General
Assembly shall not extend, without the
direction of this Convention, to any one
of these subjects, to wit: Duties and im?
posts, the post offico, the declaration of
war, treaties, confederacy, with other
States, citizenship and treason.
an ordinance concerning" citizenship.
We the people of the State, of South Carolina,
in Convention assembled, do declare and
ordain, and it is hereby declared and or?
dained, as follows:
1. Evei.y person, who, at the date of
the Ordinance of Secession, was residing
in this State, and was then, by birth, resi?
dence or naturalization, a citizen of this
State, shall continue a citizen of this State,
unless a foreign residence shall be estab
ed by such persons with the intention of
2. So, also, shall continuo every free
white person, who, after the date afore?
said, may be born within the territory of
this State, or may be born outside of that
territory, of a father who was then a citi?
zen of this State.
3. So, also, every person, a crr^en of
any one of the States now confederated
under the name of the United States of
America, who, within twelve months after
the Ordinance of Secession, shall come to
reside in this State, with the intention of
remaining, upon such person's taking the
oath of allegiance to this State, below pro?
4. So, also, every free white person who
sha4l be engaged in tho actual service,
military or naval, of the State, and shall
take an oath of his intention to continue
in such service for at least three months,
unless sooner discharged honorably, and
also the oath of allegiance below prescrib?
ed. In this case the oaths shall be ad?
ministered by some commissioned officer
of the service, in which the applicant for
citizenship may be engaged, superior in
rank to the applicant, and thereupon a
certificate of citizenship of the applicant
shall be signed by the officer and deliver?
ed to tho applicant.
5. So, also, every free white person,not
a citizen of any of the States above men?
tioned, who at the date of the Ordinance
of Secession was residing in this State, or
who,within one year from that date, shall
come to reside in this State, with the in?
tention of remaining, upon such person's
appearing before the Court of Common
Pleas for any of tho Districts of this State,
establishing by his or her own oath the
residence and intention here required.and
taking the oath of allegiance and-abjura
tion below prescribed.
(I. So, also, every person, not a citizen
of any of tiie States above mentioned, at
the dale aforesaid, who may come to re?
side in this Stale, with the intention of
remaining, and be naturalized according
to the naturalization laws of this State.
Until they may be altered or repealed,
the naturalization laws of the United
States, accommodated to the special con?
dition of the State, are hereby made the
laws of this State, except that instead of
the oaths required by those laws in tho
final Act, the oath of allegiance to this
State, and of abjugation below provided,
shall be taken.
7. In all cases, tho citizenship of a man
shall extend to his wife, present or future,
whenever she shall have a residence in
the State, and shall extend also to each of
his children, that under the age of eigh?
teen years, may have a residence in the
State. In like manner, the citizenship of
a woman shall extend to each of her
children, that under the age of eighteen
years, ma}* have a residence in the State,
Provided, That in no case shall citizen?
ship extend to any person who is not a
free white person.
8. The oath of allegiance to this State
shall be in the following form, to wit: "I
do swear (or affirm) that I will be faith?
ful and true allegiance bear to the Stateof
South Carolina, as long as I may continue
a citizen thereof."
q. The oath of abjugation shall be in
the following form, to wit: "I do swear
(or affirm) that I do renounce, and forev?
er abjure, all allegiance and fidelity to
ever Prince, Potentate,State of Sovereign?
ty whatsoever, except the State of South
Done at Charleston the first day of Janu?
ary, in the year of our lord, one thou?
sand eight hundred and sixty-one.
(Attest) D. F. JAMISON, Pres't,
B. F. Arthur, Clerk.
An Ordinance to Define and Punish Trea?
We, the people of the State of South
Carolina, in Convention assembled, do de?
clare and ordain, and it is hereby declared
and ordained, that in addition to what has
been already declared to be treason by the
General Assembly?treason against this
State shall consist only in levying war against
the State, or adhering to its enemies, giv?
ing than aid and comfort?and that treason
shall he punishedh\j death without the benefit
of clergy.
An Ordinance Concerning Judicial Pow?
>Yc. the people of the State of South
Carolina, in Convention assembled, do de?
clare and ordain, and it is hereby declared
and ordained, That the Judicial powers
heretofore delegated to this State, so as
to form a part of the Judicial power of the
United States, having reverted to this
State, shall be exercised by such Courts
as the (Jenoral Assembly shall direct.
AN ORDINANCE to amend the Constitu?
tion of the State of South Carolina in
Respect to the. Executive Department.
We, the People of the State of South
Carolina, in Convention assembled, do de?
clare and ordain, and it is hereby declared
and ordained, That the Governor shall
have power to receive ambassadors, minis?
ters, consuls, and agents from foreign pow?
ers, to appoint such agents, to be paid out
of the contingent fund, as in his discretion
he may choose to employ; to conduct ne?
gotiations with foreign powers; to make
treaties by and with the advice and consent
of the Senate, provided two-thirds of the
Senators present agree; to nominate, and
by and with the advice and consentof the
Senate, to appoint such ambassadors.othcr
public ministers and consuls, as the Gen?
eral Assembly shall have previously di?
rected to be appointed, and also all other
officers, whose appointment otherwise
shall not have been provided for by law;
to fill all vacancies that may happen, dur?
ing the recess of the Senate, in the offices
to which he had the power to nominate
as above mentioned, by granting commis?
sions which shall expire at the end of the
next session of the Senate, and to convene
the Senate whenever in his opinion it may
be necessary; Provided nevertheless.
That,during the existence of a Convention,
all treaties and directions for appointment
of ambassadors, ministers, or consuls shall
be subject to the advice and consent of the
Convention or to its separate action.
And it is further ordained, That the
Governor shall immediately appoint four
persons, with the advice and consent of
this Convention, who, together with the
Lieutenant Governor,shallfoima Council
to be called the Executive Council, whose
duty it shall be, when required by the
Governor, to advise with him upon all
matters which may be submitted to their
consideration; and that a record of such
consultations shall be kept; Provided,
nevertheless, That tho Governor shall, in
all cases, decide upon his own action.
Done at Charleston, the 27th day Decem?
ber, in the year of our Lord 1800.
an ordinance to make provisional pos
arranoements in south carolina.
Whereas, the State of South Carolina
owes it to her own citizens, and those of
other States, that, as one of the contrac?
ting parties, she should not prevent or in?
terrupt the pcrfomanco of the pending
contracts for carrying and delivering of
the mails, made by the United States
while South Carolina was one of said
We, the State of South Carolina, in Con?
vention assembled, do declare and ordain,
and it is hereby declared and ordained,
that the existing postal contracts and ar?
rangements shall be continued, and the
persons charged with the duties thereof,
shall continue to discharge said duties un?
til a postal treaty or treaties shall be con?
cluded, or until otherwise ordered by this
Aid for South Carolina.?The news
from South Carolina received during the
last three or four days, has produced uni?
versal excitement among our citizens, and
we have yet to hear of but few persons
who do not fully sympathize with the
gallant Palmetto State in their determin?
ation to throw off the Black Republican
rule. On the receipt of the first news
concerning the evacuation of Fort Moul
tric by the U. S. troops and a probable
collision with the South Carolinians, about
fifty of our young men, determined
and true, promptly enrolled themselves,
under a pledge to leave at a moment's
warning for Charleston, prepared to ren?
der whatever aid and service they might
be called upon to perform in defence of
South Carolina. The number has since
been largely increased, and, were it deem?
ed imperatively neeesessary. the number
could be easily raised to hundreds. We
trust there may he no occasion lor their
services; but should such be the case,
from our knowledge of the material, wc
feel assured that their pledge will be im
pictitly fulfilled, and that South Carolina
will not secure the support of a braver
and more chivalrous band.?Lynchbury
(Fa.) Rep. 0_
Commissioners to thf Southern States.
?The Convention, several days since,
elected the following Commissioners to
the Sontheim States:
Georgia?lion. James L. Orr.
Florida?Hon. L. W. Spratt.
Alabama?Hon. A. P. Calhoun.
Mississippi?-Hon, M. L. Bonham.
Louisiana?Hon. J. L. Manning.
Arkansas?Hon. A. C. Spain.
Texas?Hon. John McQueen. .
Washington, January 2.?McKibben is
the father of lion. James McKibben, lato
member of Congress from California. He
will not go to Charleston, but will remove
the Custom House to the deck of a man-oft
war, under the provisions of the Force
Bill of 1832.
It is stated in ".veil informed political
circles that there may be ho Message at
all on the subject of South Carolina, but
simply a proclamation.
This, however, I learn, depends on
developments yet to be mado. Tho
Cabinet remained in session until a
late hour, discussing the proposition of
the South Carolina Commissioners, who
are now satisfied that no satisfactory ar?
rangements will be made.
Trescott has already gone, and the Com?
missioners say that thoy will follow him
in a day or two. They replied to the
President's communication, to-day, charg?
ing him with special pleading, and with
having endeavored to avoid the plain is?
sue fairly presented;
Great doubts are expressed whether the
nomination of McKibben will even be con?
firmed by the Senate.
The Post Office Department has can?
celled the contract with the Isabel Steam?
ship Company from Charleston to Key
"West and Havana. No cause is assigned
for the act.
Members from the slavcholding States,
just returned from their homes, say that
the secession movement is rapidly on tho
increase therein; while those who have
been in the non-slaveholding States report
that the people arc as earnestly rallying
in other dircctidns- Soward, to-day, said
to his political friends, that they ought to
call on the President to give him their
sympathy in consideration of the position
ho has assumed relative to retaining An?
derson at Fort Sumtetj and his disposi?
tion to maintain the Federal authority.
The Abolitionists, generally, aro begin?
ning to crow, saying that they can and
will crush disunion in tho bud.
Serious apprehensions arc entertained
here for the safety of the city:
A motion will be made in the City
Council, next MoiithvyjTo"appoint a Com?
mittee to wait on the President and see if
he intends to afford ample protection to
the Federal City; if not, a public meeting
will be called, and the citizens will take
the matter into their own hands.
Suspicions are entertained that North?
ern rowdies will swarm here on tue fourth
of March, with a view to the plunder and
rapine of the Capital. Business of every
kind is utterly stagnant, and universal
gloom hangs over the city.?Special Des?
patch to Charleston Mcrcitry-.
Charleston, January 3.?Despatches
received in this city say that General
Scott has been ordered to protect Wash?
ington City.
The President has returned tho South
Carolina Commissioners' letter without
reply. The Commissioners are certainly
on their way home.
Democratic Senators say that the ap?
pointment of the Collector for the port of
Charleston cannot be conformed. The
revenue cutter Harriet Lane is under
scaled orders, but will not sail unless Mc?
Kibben \s appointment is confirmed.
Tho President says he will collect the'
revenue and protect the property of the
Charleston, January 3.?It is report?
ed that the Georgians have garrisoned
Fort Pulaski. Everything here is quiet.
Baker, m a speech at Washington, is
reported to have said that the Republi?
cans will not yield an inch, ovon to savo
tho Union or prevent civil war.
Charleston, January 3.?The Georgia
delegation telegraphed to Savannah to
take the forts, and it l as been done.
Georgia has gone by a large vote for
Tallahassee, January 3.?A large num?
ber of the delegates to the Convention ar?
rived to-day. It is probable that Judge
McGhec, of Madison, will be elected Pres?
ident. A resolution will then be adopted
declaring the right of secession. They
will deliberately determine the terms of
the ordinance of secession.
Judge Mclntyrc has resigned from the
Federal Courts.
Charleston. Januar}- 4.?Thefollowing
gentlemen have been appointed Commis*
sioners to the Southern Congress: C. G.
Memminger, W .P. Miles, James Chestnut,
R. W. Barnwoll, R B. Rhett,L. M. Keittr
W. W. Boycc and T. J. Withers.
Charleston, January 4.?Despatches
received in this city from reliable sources
state that the fort at Mobile was taken
last night. A large quantity of arms,
ammunition and other stores were taken.
Fort Morgan will be taken to-night.

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